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About Oregon City enterprise. (Oregon City, Or.) 1866-1868 | View This Issue
OREGON CITY, OKJSGOjY, SATUiiDAY, IVOYKMHI:il 1, tS&Z.
irMTWB 1313 TQ I?
Z)t tUcdiln OJntcrpvts
G) o.i-rnniT vni'VIN'l?
m-nMS!IF.n E Kill "
p. C. IRELAND,
mrF--F'it!i cast corner of Fifth and
( v .v Vtrcets, in the buUdh.-Mclv known
'r , the Court House, Oregon , ouu.
it i r h:.ifk-ii nf inn
nse copr, one rear in advance ?3 00
' ' if delayed 4 uU
O Tfi"8 f Advertising.
Transient advertisements, one square
,! linesor less; fust insertion . . .ti u
for each subsequent insertion 100
Business Cards one square pei uu.
payable cp.arterly 1- '
One column per annum
'One half column "
',e"ul advertising at the established rates
l 'look and Job Printing !
; iMIEEXTERPUISE OFFICE
J, supplied with every requisite for doing
a .upt-riorrttvlc of work, an.l is eonstant
' )v aectimiilatiiignowand beautiful styles
f of materia!, and is prepared ior every
nook' and Jon
T SATISFACTORY I'KlCKrf.
r-f The Public are invited to cull and
'pxaVine both our specimens and facilities
-for divii? V"v!i.
""Dr. F. Barclay, M. R. C. L.
Formerly Surgeon to the Iloa. II. 13. Co.)
OFFICE: At li i.l-T.-, '
Main Street ("! Oregon City.
Dr. CHARLES BLACH,
rh'-sician, Surgeon and Accoucheur.
OFFICE Corner cf Washington afro Front
atreet.s, Parrish's Block, Cortland, Oregon.
KESIDF.NCF. Washington street, bcf-'-;?n
Fourth and Fifth streets. '---:'
A. e. GIBUS. C. W. IM.KIHSU,
A'if'11'' I lllitu' ailil I. i rill. Of JMCilS.
GIBBS & PARPwISH,
Attorneys and Counselors at-Law,
u OFFICE n Alder street, in Carter's
New llriek liloek. n3
0. P. MASON,
Attorney and Counselor at Law,
lei-front st., Cortland, Oregon.
11,1, ATTEND TO BUSINESS IN ANY
in the State or Washington
T. 'niton'. Ineludinir business under the
bankrupt Law. S7:ly
I t. C. JOlTNSO.V.
F. O. M COWV.
JOHNSON k HcCOWN,
OllIKiOX CI TV, OK EG OX.
I ft" Will attend to all business entrusted
unr care in any of the Courts of the State,
collect money, negotiate loans, sell real es-
? cT: "Partieulur attention i;ivcn to contested
K. r. RI'SSKt.L.
RUSSELL & DALTON,
Attoniois and Cou nxclors at Lan
Solicitor in Chancery, and
Real Estate A ye ids.
Will praefii'f1 in the Courts of the second,
third and fmrth Judicial Districts, and in the
fctijirrtne Court of Oregon.
Special attention given to the collec
tion of claims at all points in the above nam
Otliceffi l'arrish's brick building, Albany,
1. H. MITCIIK1.I.. J. V. IlOI. Til. A. SMITH.
Mitchell, Dolph & Smith,
Attorney and Cmmsellors at Law,
Solicitor, in Chancery, and V roc
tors in Admiralty .
I-r?" Office over the old PostOfiice, Front
f.rrft, Portland, Oregon. (ly)
rrs;oii City, Oregon.
Cliuca iu Charman's Brick Block, np
D- Ifl.-Tiif KENNEV,
Attorney and Counsellor at Laic.
J ' flu' ATTEND PUOMI'TLY TO ALL
) 1 J M business entrusted to his care,
1 1 f Okkick One door north of Bell & Parker's
1 I LW ,0r5' O"0o'u City, Oregon. 3:ly
) J. B. UPTON,
, Attorney and Cocnsklor-atLaw,
4 I Oregon City. Oreqon.
, f, Office over the store of Pope & Co..
' fc l-un street. l ie V
C. A. DOLPH,
, q Attorney and Consellcr-at-Law,
!;7" Ollice 10ii Frout street, Portland. Ore
JAMES LI. IVLOOEE,
Justice of the Peace d- City Recorder.
OiUcoGln the Court House and City
Council Room, Oregon City.
VwP. aiter.a to the acknowledgment of
.Ws; and all other duties appertaining to
('(; o:hee of Jtice of the Peace. v
I'V-U Ln-'f.d at Orr'jon City, Orojon.
11s over Charman & Bro.'s store. Main
AV. S. STKVFNS.
DALV Ft R-TTTBTTCS.
I:sTA TE tt;ojc-:K., collec-
(j.! Ls AS! (jf-X.EIi. L AGEXTS,
FV,,!"1:st ti)0r -l".4Txns Brick, corner of
,rr"'"!i and Front sis, Portland, Oregon.
j 1 articular attention given to the ad-
U'n-.', Tn of llK"'.nOs. Legal and other doe-"-'"4
tran.W...4l. -. :
'lev at. T,.
a- -turner of Fifth and I) streets.
Waihington City, D. C.
r nt ..." ,?"1a' :!t,e,l'ion given to the adjust
(7 'li'ii" 'j''? of patent. for private land
' 1 'ni.tion and '.lome.-te.sd s-'tt!s
n U SINUS S CA RD s.
f'fr Main Street,
r' . i rarlij Opposite Woolen Factory,
W. I,. WHITE, I
T.W. RliOADES, f 1 ropnetors.
Oregon City, Oregon.
We invite the citizens of Oregon City, and
the traveling public, to give us a share of
their patronage. Meals can be had at ail
hours, to please the most fastidious. 15
Notice to the Public.
I HAVE this day closed the Barlow House
in favor of the Clitf House. Hope my
old customers will give their liberal patron
age to the above well kept house. They
will find Messrs. White & Itlnades always
on hand to make guests comfortable.
Oregon City, August 1, lsi;7.
date LLXCOLX IIOU.SE,)
Xo. S I Front str -, Fort la mi Oregon.
L. P. W. qriMBY, Pm.pitiKTOit,
UmU of U'txtfrn IUl.)
This honse is the most commodious in the
State, newly furnished, and it will be the en
deavor of the proprietor to make his guests
comfortable. The Bagsago Wagon will al
ways be found at the lamlmg on the arrival
of steamships and river boats, carrying bag
gage to the house free of charge. 17. ly
Main Street Oregon City.
JACOB B0EIIM, Proprietor.
HF.DL'CTIO.V IX PRIC ES !
The undersigned wishes to give notice
that from Saturday, October r-th, ls07, prices
at the above honse will be as follows :
Board and Lodging per week 5 00
Board v ithout Lodging 4 00
Board and Lodgiug per dav 1 00
Oregon City, Oct, 3d, 1SG7. no-.tf
OS W EGO HO USE!
JOHN SCI1ADE Proprietor,
IS now prepared to receive and entertain
aii who may favor him with their patron
age. The House is New and the Booms are
Newly and Neat'y furnished. The Table
will be supplied with all the delicacies of
the season. The House is situated near the
steamer landing. The proprietor will at all
times endeavor to give entire satisfaction to
all who may favor him with a call, and
would respectfully solicit the pa'ronage of
the Traveling Public. 41:tf.
Board per week (
Board and Lodging 0 0O
Single Meals. fn
W. F7 HIGHFIELD,
Established since i -!'.'. at the old stand,
Mai.v Stiiekt, Ouegon- City.
An assortment of Watches, Jew
elrv, and Seth Thomas' weight
Clocks, all of which are warranted
to be as represented.
Kepairings done on short notice,
md thankful for ast tavors. (y7
G -k H E M A H ST QUE!
JAMES MOBJSTJLT & CO.,
"XT fO U LI) 1NF01LM THE PUBLIC ES
V f pocialiy of Caneniuh, that they have
established u Store ut that place, where they
will keep on hand a well assorted stock of
Merchandise and Groceries.
which will be sold at reasonable rates, for the
purpose of establishing permanently such a
necessity at Canemah. Try us. (3-:y
ll'it Side At-1 !t. S'n,f, Iftiv-'en Sn'oad ctiul
Tit If i, Vrr'iin, City.
GE0EGE A. KAAS Proprietor,
The proprietor begs leave to inform his
! friends and the public generally that the
aoove named poputar saloon isoeu ior ineir
iiccouimodation, wilha new and well assort
ed supply of the finest brands of wines,
liquors and cigars. 52
A. II. IJKLL. K. A. PARKKI:.
SELL 8l PARKER.
AXn DEALERS IN
Chemicals, Patent Medicines, Paints,
Perfumery, Oils, Varnishes,
And every article kept in a Drug Store.
33.) Main Stkkkt, Oregon City.
-tff.TICE TO ALL
First Class Fine or Coarse
Made or Repaired. Especial care and at
tention paid to orders for line work, such as
Ladies' and Misses F'ine Gaiters, Gents' Fine
French Calf Boots, etc.
Orders solicited from abroad will be
executed with neatness and dispatch.
TERWILLIUER A; SMITH,
40.tf Green st., Oswego. Oregon.
E. G. RANDALL,
IMPORTER AXIS dealer int
Sheet Music, and Musical Merchandise ot
all kinds. Sole Agent in Oregon for
C'ELEDIl-.TEy CAUIXET OKGAX I
SUinway it Son"
:OLT MEDAL PIANO FOItTE? !
First street, next door to the Post Ollice
Portland, Oregon. 4.tf
C . P . FERRY,
(Late Ferry & Foster,)
: cc r UGL. JSKZ Et. o
No. ICS Front street, I'ortland.
Agent North British and Mercantile
And Manhattan Life Insurance Co
ri OVKRNMEXT SECURITIES. STOCKS
V T Bonds, and Real Estate bought and
sold on Commission.
B I1 E W E It Y !
(JID IIEMiY U UMBEL,,
Paving purchased the above Brewery,
wishes to inform the public that he is now
nreiiared to manufacture a No. 1 quality of
As good as can be obtained anywhere in the
Strafe Orders solicited and promptly tilled.
Oregon Citv, December -'Sth, 1m:H. lotf
A. J. MONROE.
W. A. K. M ELLEN".
MOKSGE & KELLEN,
Dealers hi California, Vcr.aont, and
Jtaliau Marlles- OUdisks, Manila
vtculs, Head and Foot, stones,
There's a legend, maybe you've seen it some
That conies like the sunshine from far in the
With a hint in the matrimonial wav.
Showing bow it comes, there's " "the Devil
And no pitch hot," as the sinners say,
How the toothache springs from the rrfarri
Marriage, of course, is a blessed thine,
Especially so to beginners ;
Then angels wave each dazzling wing,
And love is the only tune they sing,
While heaven is seen through the weddin"
ring But " Where do they bury the sinners ?"
Asks little smarty, while lurking rouud,
And spelling the epitaphs he found,
Where saints seemed thicker under ground,
Than we commonly fiud them over;
Where? oh, where? and echo repeats
The question, but never an answer meets
The inquirer, that I could discover.
The lover, suing for heart and baud,
As his darling's charms are fondly scanned,
Life seems a romance loftv and grand
'Tis a blissful state that f know of.
But wedded, sometimes all that's reversed.
Love's early fondness, for folly is cursed,
And of all sad fates, " ill married is worst"
That poor mortals can sutler the woe of.
But married and happy Jerusalem ! blisa
Don't half express the delight of this,
Any more than it does for two she's to kiss,
When of course the flavor is missing ;
But married and happy, two foiid souls
Each the other with rapture filling,
And both obedient to love's dear willing
There's power and glory iu kissing.
Alas and alack I must hurry back,
But if you hanker to try a smack,
The first sweet Web-foot girl you mcctj
In country lane, or city street,
Pitch in, and for her love entreat;
If she says 4-Xay," don't turn away,
Their " No's'' mean " Yes," some other day,
A woman wins by her own defeat.
But my legend has'nt come as yet,
I'll try again, if I dou't forget.
Tilrsi. .Joil:mtJ Lesion.
BY F. II. SLACFFER.
Mrs. Martin sat in the office at
the terminus of one of the street rail
roads. A car was expected to move
out in a few minutes. It was a clear
frcsty morning in December, and
bitter co'd. Bat she did not mind
the cold just then, bound up as she
was, and the fire burning bri&kly in
A !oor opening into a drinking
saloon was ajar. Two men wero at
the bar leaning lazilv against it, each
CD 1 O 7
with a glass in his Land. One of
them was a young man of her ac
quaintance, C'ay Jordan by name,
lie was a worthless, dissipated young
fellow, lie had broken over the
barriers of religious training and
companionship, fearing not the threats
of his father, turning a deaf ear to
the entreaties of his mother, and of
t'jn bringing the blush of shame to
the cheek of his sweet tempered, love
ly sister. 1 1 is eyes were bleared,
his face bloated, his clothes shabby.
His hair had dropped over his fore
head, his beard was tangled, and his
hands shook nervously.
" Oh, Clay Jordan!" said Mrs.
Martin to herself with a sigh. " A
mere wreck in life, tossing about
Gpon the billows of sensuality and
passion; no pride, no shame, no man
liness. How strange it is that some
young men will thus throw them
selves away, sacrificing all the social
and educational advantages of the
past and all the brilliant prospects iu
" Say, Clay, how did you make
the raise!" asked young Jordan's
companion. " Yesterday you was
" So I was, Musser. 1 got h6Id of
the old woman's watch and chain,
and up the spout it went. It's at
liazier's in Ninth street."
Clay Jordan called fur moro Iiqnor;
the car was starting out, and Mrs.
Martin took a seat in it. Though
not familiar with the slang of the
brothel, she correctly surmised that
to put a thing up the spout, meant
disposing of it at the pawnbroker's.
When Mrs. Martin reached her
home, she went up to her room, to
lay aside her bonnet and furs.
" Ma," said her little daughter,
opening the door, ' a woman is wait
ing for you in the kitchen. She
came about an hour ago. She is in
search cf a place.
"I will be down directly," said
She found the applicant to be a
young woman, tidily dressed, with
ruddy cheeks, clear eyes, and honest
" What is your came?" asked
41 chel Pierce," answered the
" Have you any recomendatiens?'
" Xo ma'am."
"Where were you last?"'
" With Mrs. Jordan."
" Why did you leave there"
" I was dismissed"
" What for?"
" I was charged with theft.'
The blood for a moment colored
the check of the young girl, and her
" You are very candid," said Mrs.
" And after such a confession, you
expect me to hire you?''
" I did not make any confession.
I did not steal anything."
"There must have been Eome
ground for the charge."
" None beyond the fact that the
article was missed. I did not take it,
nor do I know who did."
" What was missed!"
" Mrs. Jordan's watch and chain."
" And you do not know where it
" I do not; indeed I do not. Pray.
Mrs. Martin give me a place, if but
for a while. Please do. This is the
fifth place that I have applied at to
day, each time telling my story as 1
have told it to you, and each time
The young girl bravely crushed
the struggling sobs and tears.
" Are you badly in want of a
place;" asked Mrs. Martin.
"1 am. My reputation is to be
re-established, my character to be
restored. Time will do that. Then
wc are in distress mother is an in
valid, and the winter is here. It is
as much as brother and 1 can do to
" Your air, your f.ppearance, your
language, betray that you have seen
" I have, indeed. Reverses will
come and sometimes in spite of
watchfulness, economy and integrity
of purpose. I might have taught
school, or turned governess; but too
many seek those avenues. I hired
out as a domestic; such help is cons
stantly needed. I had no pride to
be wounded, no false ideas of con
ventionalism to be shocked. I took
up my new ideas as a woman should
have taken them up; I do not feel
that I have in any manner disgraced
myself or my family. I do not wish
to be anything more than you en
gage me for a hired girl, with a
stout heart, strong arms, and a will
to work at a stipulated price per
" You may stay Rachel," said
Mrs. Martin, kindly. ' I am pleased
to say that I am in possession of facts
that will thoroughly viudicate your
A bright light flooded the young
girl's eyes. She brought her hands
" What are they? How did you
learn them'?"' she asked.
" Mrs. Jordan's watch was stolen
by her worthless son, and pawned.
I overheard him tell as much to a
companion, net more than two hours
ago. This evening I shall write to
Mrs. Jordan about the matter."
Three weeks afterwards Mrs. Mar
tin called on Mrs. Jordan. Thev
were old friends. The latter wore
her watch and chain.
" You have found your watch, I
see," said Mrs. Martin.
" Did you know that it had been
lost? I recovered it the next day."
Who had stolen it!"
" Ob, I had mislaid it."
" Mrs. Jordan!" said Mrs. Martin,
Mrs. Jordan colored.
" How much do you know about
the matter?" she asked.
" 1 know all about it," said Mrs.
Martin. "It was I who sent you
the unsigned note, informing you
where the property was."
"You make me blush for the
shame of my son, Mrs. Martin. To
shield him, I departed from the truth,
when I said I had mislaid the watch."
" I have something else to say in
connection with the matter, Mrs.
JorJan. You will not take offence?"
" We are old friends. You have
spoken plainly to me before."
" But not vaingloriously not in
the spirit of self-righteousness. You
charged Rachel Pierce with the theft
of the watch?"
" And dismissed her?"
" I did."
" After you found out almost the
next day that she was innocent,
what steps did you lake to vindicate
her character to smooth her wouud
ed spirit to remedy the wrong you
had done her?"
Mrs. Jordan bowed her head. Her
cheeks tinged with mortification.
" To my shame be it said, I did
nothing, I have grievously wronged
the poor girl."
" Indeed you have. A warm
hearted, honest, sensitive girl, she
was thrown into the channel in which
she moved, by a current that may
some time carry our own children
thitherward. Peremptorily dismiss
ed, without recommendation, her
character seemingly disgraced, she
and was repeatedly refused. Driveu
to despair, crushed by the necessity
of circumstances, fair in face, and
fine in form, what was to save her
from dashing headlong into the paths
of wretchedness and shame? Perhaps
the strength of iutegrity within her
own soul; pernaps the religious train
ing of her youth; perhaps nothing but
the direct interposition of the provi
dence of God."
Mrs. Martin paused. Her friend
'At eleven o'clock last night," re
sumed Mrs. Martin, " after the ad
journment of the lecture, I passed a
drinking saloon. Some men rudely
thrust a girl out of it upon the pave
ment. The light from the window
streamed upon her. She was stag
gering drunk. A horrid impreca
tion burst from her crimson lips.
She was a mere wreck of a once
superb loveliness now devoid of
virtue, shame every redeeming
trait. It made me shudder."
Mrs. Jordan got up from her chair,
in her excitement. There was an
expression of horror on her face.
Her hands worked nervously.
" Was that Rachel Pierce?" she
" No; it was not."
" Thank God!" cried Mrs. Jordan
sinking back in her chair.
" It might have been her."
" Oh do, not mention it, Mrs.
Martin! Oh, how I have wronged
the poor girl! How shameful and
negligent has been my conduct! I
will hunt her up at once."
" She is safe," said Mrs. Martin.
" With me. She has been with
me since the day she left you that
you sent her away. Had not 1 been
aware of the true facts connected
with the theft of the watch, I too, per
haps, would have sent her away.
That knowledge may have proved her
salvation. I have found her to be a
most excellent girl."
" That she was, and is, Mrs. Mar
tin. I have learned a bitter lesson.
I shall make Rachel Pierce the fullest
amends that I cau."
On the Sabbath following this in
terview Rachel Pierce called on her
mother. She was a pale intellectual
woman, confined to the house, and
much of the time to her bed, by a
diseased spine. But she bore her
disease patiently, never complaining
and generally in good spirits.
" A gentleman called yesterday,
Rachel," said her mother. " A dark,
stern featured man. It was a Mr.
Jordan, quite likely the one at whose
house you lived a while. He will
take Charlie in his store next week,
at very good wages. He also said
that we must remove to one of his
houses one more comfortable than
this one, and nearer to the store.
We are to live rent free."
Morganatic Makriaues. Every
body has heard the term " morgan
atic marriages," and many suppose
that marriages of this kind are a spe
cies of concubinage, iu which the
kings and princes of Europe arc fond
of indulging. This is not the case,
however. A morganatic marriage is
just as binding upon the parties as
any other, and precludes any other
marriage. The term is derived from
the German Morgengrabo, which
means a dowry. It signifies a mat
rimonial contract in which one of the
parties is greatly superior in rank to
the other. If it be the bride who is
of inferior rank, she agrees that she
and family shall be entitled neither
to the rank nor the estate of her hus
band, and that the dowry which is
settled upon her at the time of the
marriage shall be accepted by her in
lieu of other privileges. If the man
be the inferior, he gives his assent to
similar conditions. In the bridal
ceremony the party of superior rank
gives the left hand instead of the
right, to the other whence these
marriages arc sometimes styled "left
handed." Some of the ladies of Venango
have organized a female base-ball club.
The married members are said to be
good "catchers," and are instructing
the unmarried. The married are
also good at the bat, having practiced
"batting" at the cradle when its in
mates raised "base-bawls." They
admit no spectator and are good on
the "short stops" and "home rnns"
when travcliera puss their grounds.
On "fowls" they are superb. What
Break steers while young, if you
would have them gentle, and you
can do many small jobs with them
Col. Forney's Leisters!
Journalism in Europe is a hun
dred years behind journalism in
America. The chief London news
papers, though claimiug a higher
editorial tone which is only true in
the fact that their leaders savor more
of the essay style have little of the
freshuess of the great dailies in the
United States. In one respect only
may we take them as examples
their almost complete impersonality.
You never hear of a respectable
London editor assailing his rivals by
name. It is the honest boast of the
Times that its principal writers are
as eutirely hidden from view a3 the
Chinese kings, a characteristic more
or less observed by its cotempora
ries. The principle is correct. The
readers of a leading journal should
no more be annoyed by the recrimi
nations of the men " who make it
up," than the readers of a book
should be afflicted by the griefs or
eccentricities of the author, or the
audience in a theatre made to endure
a recital of the quarrels behind the
scenes. A good newspaper, like a
good book, is a sufficient monument
to the projector, and a source of in
cessant pleasure to those who con
genially assist him; and if it is really
published to subserve the common
weal, and to disseminate a wholesome
influence upon the world at large,that
should be a sufficient substitute for
hollow notoriety. In Paris, when a
press is utterly in chains as our fors
mer slaves, and where no man can
safely print his honest thoughts on
vital questions, the government order
compelling every writer to sign his
name to his productions, restrains in
dependent thought, and invites the
basest servility for how can a fear
less reformer give his convictions to
his fellow men when he knows that
every word is to be weighed in the
balance of a despotic hypcrcriticism,
and every offence punished by the
severest penalty that can be inflicted
by irresponsible authority ? I sat
some evenings ago in Paris, with the
venerable Emile Girardin,the veteran
editor of La Libertie, ard it did not
take long for me to see how his proud
spirit chafed under thegalling restrict
tion. He spoke of the perfect free
dom of the press in the United States
with all a Frenchmnn's enthusiasm,
and when I told him that there was
absolutely no limit, now that the re
bellion was overthrown ; that there
cent chattle and the recent rebel wrote
and printed exactly what they pleased
that public opinion always punished
the profligate and corrupt writer by
ceasing to encourage him, he exclaim
ed : " That is, indeed, a genuine, as
it must be a lasting democracy !"
I notice of late that his trenchant
and terrible pen seems to bo clothed
with a new inspiration, and much I
fear that as the Mexican expedition
continues to canker and agitate the
public mind, his powerful protest
against the Emperor's policy may
again place him under the imperial
ban. Imagine a host of impassioned
spirits like Girardin held down under
such a law, while they see tho work
ings of untrammelled opinion in
America, and you have at once a key
to the ever-present perils of France.
In Prussia there is even less present
liberty of the press. King William's
rule in Frankfort, Hanover, and other
subjugated provinces, is excer tionless
against any criticism of his conduct ;
and when I sought to find a book in
German, in that city, that would give
me some idea of the pepular side" of
the question, (of , course there was
none in English, I sought in vain.
In Switzerland everybody speaks,
and writes, and publishes what he
chooses. Berne, Zurich, Geneva,
Basle, are the centres of learning and
of liberty. You can get what you
want in the book stores, and publica
tions excluded in Paris, and sent out
of Prussia, are here openly exposed
for sale. Just before leaving Geneva
1 saw a pamphlet against Napoleon's
Mexican experiment, which would
certainly send the author to prison
if he avowed his name to the Prefect
of Police in Paris. The effect is very
significant. The universities ofSwit
zerland are crowded with students,
and the most eminent scholars natu
rally prefer a country where they
can'refiect, and impart, and proclaim
their ideas with uone to molest or
make them afraid.
The Windsor county, Vermont,
farmers, at their recent club meeting,
were all agreed that thousands of
tons of hay were injured, rendered
almost as worthless as straw, by be-ino-
out loo late, and they proved
their position by incontrovertible j
f;;cts. AU agreed also to commncft
The subject of moral education is
one of so much importance that it is
a wonder it meets with so little prac
tical attention from parents. The
greater portion of evil extaut is im
planted in youth. Boys or girls who
behave well until of age seldom be
come abandoned characters afterward.
They may, it is true, form evil hab
its, but they by that time have gen
erally acquired, if nothing better, at
least a pride of position and a degree
of control which restrains them from
becoming entirely abandoned. From
whence then does crime come ? The
answer is plain from bad associa
tions. One bad boy or girl in a
schcol will make a dozen more. Yet
how many parents there are who,
knowing that their boys or girls as
sociate with boasting, lying or dis
orderly children, tolerate it, rather
than take the pains to provide them
with better associations. In fact,
when these dangerous friends belong
to a " higher class" iu society, how
few care to see them break off im
proper intimacies ? There is a fas
cination ia " good society" which
seems to make weak-minded and
small-ambitious people reckless as to
risks. Parents cannot take too much
pains or incur too great expense to
provide proper associates for children.
Among the most dangerous friends
for a certain class of boys arc those
who have more money than them
selves, who have freo access to more
expensive amusements and luxuries,
and who thus awaken the envy of the
less favored. Discontent breeds
more dishonesty than deprivation.
The shrewd, small-minded, vulgar
boy who sneers at everything, is a
common and dangerous type. The
lying boy is a pest the confirmed
liar who does not " go to the bad" is
an exception. A very undesirable
character is the proud and " stylish"
school-girl who criticises and ridicules
everybody. Cruel children, such as
one finds in abundance iu the South,
and malignantly mischievous . ones,
also exert a vast amount of evil.
From many sources wc learn that,
withiu a very few years, and espe
cially in New England and New York
State, deeply corrupting influences
have been introduced into many
schools. Those who have detected
them have been amazed to Cud how
well the secrets have been kept, and
for what a length of time, by num
bers ot very young children. Books
of a most immoral character at-e
manufactured by the scores of thou
sands weekly in New York and Bos
ton, and circulated among schools.
Some time since we read of a dealer
of such wares, who contrived to get
tho addresses of seventeen hundred
young girls, mostly at school, and
sent to each a catalogue of books cf
tho most forbidden and unmention
able kind. To this wc may add that,
iu America, children share with their
parents those luxuries of life which
always stimulate precocious develop
ment, to a degree entirely unknown
in Europe. We do not, even from
all thecc, infer with some writers that
Young America is going headlong to
ruin. The majority outlive the effects
of bad companions, and grow strong
and good, in spite of bad books and
pampering. But, of late, all evil in
fluences have increased out of due
proportion to the increase of morals
and social education, and it is to this
that we would call the attention of
those who have charge of the young.
Raising sheep and growing wool
iu the Southern States was ignored
in the prosperous days of King Cot
ton; but since the close cf the rebeU
lion, many planters, especially in the
mountainous districts of Georgia and
Tennessee, are turning their attention
to sheep husbandry. A contributor
to the Southern Cultivator, writes
of tho natural advantages of this
branch of agriculture on iho denuded
and abandoned slave cultured planta
tions. The great obstacle has been
heretofore, that there were no indi
genous grasses; but the writer says
the Bermuda and Mcsquit grasses
can be acclimatized, and will thrivo
throughout the South. Further, lie
says he can raise a thousand pounds
of wool cheaper than the like amount
cf cotton and the former will net
twice the amount of money. Then
go ahead, and make your broomsedge
fields and old pine barrens into sheep
A correspondent of tho Maine
Farmer recommends that the State
College Farm at Orouo be sold, and
one bought where the stable manure
of a city can be purchased, and where
marine mmurc can be githcrcd from
The subject of the Lost Emigrant
mines is interesting, so we give place5
for the following from the Herald
It has beeii reported that an emigrant
train which came the " plains across'
in 1842, discovered, or rather passed
through, a country fabulously riclPSi
gold that nugget3 lay around loose
upon the ground. This has beeri
doubted by some, and by btheruU
faith and credit has been given the
story. IloVever, Stephen II. Meek;
brother cf the celebrated " Jde''
Meek, knew that such was the case
having been pilot of the train, of
which L. W. Hastings was the capA
tain, and for two years has beed
hunting the locality, and has found it:
Of course the story as told by some
was exaggerated, but Mr. Meek
found nuggets upon the surface, in
termixed with quartz rock, wbrtli
from ono to eight dollars. lie pros
pected six feet below the surface, and
found dirt which paid ten dollars td
the pan, although the bed-rock had
not been reached. Ue is satis fieci
from his discoveries that nothing Iri
California, Idaho or any other coun
try ever equaled these mine3. It ia
the intentiou of Mr. Meek to organs
ize a company in the spring, of hii
own choosing, and return to the dig
gings. One great peculiarity of tho
section of country in which the min'ei
are, is the disappearance and eye
appearance of a vast lake, sixty mileS
in IeDglh; In 1833 Mr. Meek passe'd
over the identical country, and found
the magnificent sheet of water, idnd
actually caught fish and trapped
beaver from the same. Ho was
with a train belonging to B. L. E
Bainville & Co., fur traders of New
Y"ork. In 1845, when piloting tho
emigrant train through the wilder
ness, he found the exact spot whffo
this lake had bzen bat where ho
lake then existed. The train of emi
grant wagons passed over the spot,
which a few years before had been
covered ly a magnificent sheet
water, and followed through the vaU
ley left by the same, sixty miles, to
what had been the end of the lake
In 1SGY Mr. Meek again returned to
tho same spot, and imagine his amaze
ment to find the lake as he first wit
nessed it in 1833 there before him
lay the apparently same magnificent
sheet of Water, looking as beautiful
as it did before its entire disappear
anc's. Now, that there may be no
doubt of this singular fact, we can
produce the evidence of Mr. Meek'a
own observation. Doubting his own
senses, he searched the conntry over
until he found the wagon trail made
in 1845, and traced the same to tho
end of the lake, where it entered the
same (the old track, of course, being
covered with the water of the lake
mentioned.) He then followed the
rim or beach of the lake around to
the opposite "end, (sixty miles,) and
there found the wagon trail making
its appearance from under the water,
and where, so many years beforCj the
emigrant train had passed over the
self-same spot covered now witl
water. This, to us, and perhaps to
the reader, may Seem a strange story
to relate but our bid citizens know
Mr. Meek, and know that they can
rely upon his statements. Although
now Cfty-eight years of age, Mr. M.
looks hale and hearty, and much
younger than his brother, ' Joe"
Meek, who is his junior.
Tho Agriculturist advocates a na
tional tax oh dogs. It says they are
a luxury, from the white.haired poo
die, down to tho bull-dog that shows
his teeth and holds on perhaps ft
your posterior, if you excite his fe
rocity. Our dog population ia seven
millions not counting the short
tailed ones and they are an cxpenP
sive nuisance. There is some set?se,
some philosophy, also sOme do-matio
ideas in tho article of our contempo
rary, but when it advises Government
to tax dogs when all inveterate pol
iticians are rabid We think it will
bo taxing tho law makers themselves.
That would be "cruelty to animals."
Poach trees should be budded
during the first season's growth in tho
Inst half of August and first of Sep
tember. Select a smooth, clean
placo on the tree near the ground,
and make an incision in the bark.
From the stock of buds in your hand
cut off one ; then raise the bark with
some smooth implement, insert the
bud, and tie up with basswood bark, .
so as to leave only the bud exposed.
After ten or twenty days remove this
The safest investment for spare
funds, the surest safeguard against
their misuse, is found in noving hon