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About Oregon City enterprise. (Oregon City, Or.) 1866-1868 | View Entire Issue (Oct. 26, 1867)
ljc lUcfliin entciTprxsc.
Oregon City, Oregon :
T C. IUELAXn. EDITOR AXI) PKC'PKIETOR.
Saturday, October 19th, 1867.
O oni Agexts.
L. RFISDER & Co., rioonis 20 and 21 New
b feVch iints' Exchange, Sacramento street,
areonr only authorized Agents in San
l)ALY & STEVEN'S, cor. Front and Morri
s. in streets, pp .stairs,) arc our authorized
Agents ia Portland.
J. P. HOLMAN & SONS will continue to de
liver the Enterprise to Portland subscri
ber until further notice, to whom appli
cations pro and con may be made.
Y. C. LEWIS, Esq., will continue to act for
us as General Traveling Agent.
Any person receiving this paper who may
iiot wish to continue taVing it, and pay for
it, may re'.urn the same to our address
marked " refused."
Wit'-i the present .;ai Volume two of
tho Enterprise cr:.i ccs We shall con
tinue sending tiv- P ' pd" u all whose names
arc at present upon our lists, and be thank
ful for gwy efforts on the part of our friends
who mav aid us in extending the circulation
of our journal. The present circulation is
jaarly double what it was expected we
would have at this time, and yet, we are of
the opinion it may be in future easily increas
ed at least one half farther. "With this view
we make the following
To ny patrou in the past who will send
us one new siilscriltr, and Five Dollars, we
"will forward two receipts in full fur one year,
being a reduction of fifty cents per annum
Mav be formed at the following rates :
Ten copiea-pne year, and one to the
getter up of the club 533 CO
Twenty copies one year, and two ex
tra copies to the getter up of the
club $ ! 5 CO
Mailed to separate addresses if desired.
The cash to accompany each order, inva
riably, otherwise the regular rates of S3 will
bo charged, and advaiice payments consid
ered to be within the range of thirty or suty
We do not layCilaim to any very great
rank in the world of Journalism, prefering
to lot the public judge of us by our works.
In the year about to close we have been as
nttentive as possible to the duties devolving
ipon us and can only promise to be as de
voted in the future. With many thanks to
t'.ie public for the good words spoken for us,
and the patronage bestowed upon us, we
shall start out as fresh and resolutely with
Volume Two as though it were but the be-
inniag of our experience in Oregon.
Anycperson receiving the paper who may
not wi.-ih to continue taking it, must notify
the Postmaster, or send a copy, with their
name, back to this ofliceat once.
All communications should be sent
through the mail or express to
D. C. IRELAND.
Oregon Citv, Oct. 51h, 1SG7.
Indian Trouble. A dispatch from
Corvallis on the 24th speaks of
trouble at the Alsea reserve. There
is a general muss among them, and
Agent Simpson notifies Settlers to j
Le on their guard.
Santa Axxa. This Government j
made no more official interposition to '
save Santa Anna's life than it did in I
the case of Maximillinn. It merely
expressed the hnpc that he would not
bo treated otherwise than as a prison
er of State.
You no Iturbide. Augustin Itur
bide the adopted heir of Maximilian,
is now at Kosedale, the residence of
his grandmother, Mrs. Green, on the
heights of -Georgetown, and is a ro
bust boy fcur years old looking as if
he might put ia a claim for his inher
itance some day, if Uncle Sam does
tiot absorb it in the mean time.
Effects of theYY ar. Mr. A.
S. IJralley of this city, has received
a letter from his brother in Texas,
who passed through the war and now
corroborates the Jtiultiplied evidences
the devastation that has followed.
There can be no doubt but that the
-consequences of the late terrible war
were especially5 frightful in the South.
Mr. Bralley says that demoralization
in Texas pervades all the intermedin
ate channels of society. Everything
is on the down grade, and the future
dq1) with hope, taxation is already at
ruinous figure, and confiscation is fob
lowing close in the rear. With such
a picture we can scarcely credit the
desire of the fact;
ons there for anoth-
Maryland Discrimination. The i
rebels oCMarvlanJ are so much afraid I tll0'iml doll:irs luul to be raiscd b-v a1
r.i r . , . . , , ditional taxation, it would not exceed one
of the Gospel that they have put a J third of a mill on lhe dollar . a mere triflo
clause in their new constitution exs j felt by no one. r,ut would this amount
eluding all ministers of the Gospel S have to be procured by additional taxa
from seats in the Legislature. Now, j t,,e rcport of the Secretary of
tha Republican party has never as., j State, and the State Treasurer, it appears
sumed that a preacher was not as I that the receipts from ail sources, from the
good as any other man if he behaved I 17th of September, IStU. to the 1st of Sep-
Vimsftlf as well, and did not deny him j t,'mber 180G- wa3 332'443' aad aU ex"
ii,. i,, , . , I pendituros. during the same period, was
tha right to represent any portion of ' nn, , . , , , ,
. J r i 3292.301 : lea. vmsr a balance and surplus
e have claimed, and properly, that
gjur Government is non-religious; but
A have also claimed that all its citi-
n o entitled to crm-d rmS tl
i 1 ',.o.
And we confess we can see no just
res$n Tor denying the right cf rep-
resentfttion to bishop, priest or !
con anv more than to lawver doctor'." l"uan?tt mue m onr judicial system,
Slxall we Have n. Separate Supreme
From present indications, it is most un
likely that the question, whether or not.
wo shall have a separate Supreme Court,
will be a prominent one before the next
Legislature. If this is so, the legislators
being the deputies of the people, sent to
(Jeneral Assembly to make laws and reg
ulations for the protection of individual
rights, and the advancement of the gener
al welfare of ihe Commonwealth, it is
but just that this matter should be ean-
vassed by the people, and the will of the
mass, in regard thereto, ascertained and
made know before the meeting of the
Legislature. If this is done, our Legislators
can act advisedly upon the subject. For
one, we think that a separate Supreme
Court would be better, and give more
general satisfaction, than the present sys
tem in this State ; and we will give our
reasons for this opinion.
Our Supreme Court, as now constituted,
is composed of the Judges of our Circuit
Court, five in number ; being the same
Judges in both courts, but with different
titles Circuit Judges, and Supreme
Judges. The Constitution of the State
provides, that every decision made in the
Supreme Court, shall be made by those
Judges, or a majority of them, who did
not try the cas3 in the Court below.
Hence, in compliance with this provi
sion, the Judge, before whom the case was
tried in the Circuit, does not sit in the
hearing of that case in the Supreme Court,
and is supposed to have nothing whatever
to do with it. This supposition holds
good out side of the consultation room, at
all events. But, that the respective Judges
meet with the other members of the court
in the consultation room, during the time
that the cases from their circuits are under
consideration, is a fact well known to all
who attend the Supreme Court. But.
whether or not, a Judge, whose decision
on the circuit is being reviewed, explains
the case to the other Judges in this con
sultation room, is not known to out-siders.
There may be no such explanations given,
and such a course may be right enough.
but men are apt to be suspicious, and liti
gants do not like to see a Judge, who has
rendered a decision against them, go into
the consultation room with those who are
to reverse, or affirm th.it decision. Hence,
we frequently hear persons condemn our
system of judicature, and pronounce in
favor of a separate Supreme Court. This
system then, works a great evil, in this ;
it destroys that respect for the decisions
of our courts, necessary to procure a
cheerful obedience to the laws.
Again, men are reciprocal beings, and
are apt to act upon this principle : If you
do a kind act to me. I will return it in kind,
if possible ; and, if you do an unkind act
to me. I will retaliate, if opportunity of
fers. And it is a fact that but few per
sons can have their opinions overruled
and decided to be wrong, and, yet regard
such action as a kindness and a favor. If
this prineiplt! of reciprocity exists in the
breasts of the members of the Court, it
might influence their opinions, however
unconscious of the fact they might be.
The object of a Supreme Court, is to have
the law administered as it is. free from
any feeling or bias that might exist, when
the court and the parties are acquainted ;
and that justice might be done according
to the letter and spirit of ihe law. For
these reasons, if for no others, many per
sons think that the Judges of our Circuit
Courts ought not to be called upon to
pass upon each others decisions.
Cut the greatest objection to our pres
ent system of jedicature, is found in the
press of business, and want of time with
the individual members o
the court. Each
Judge is required to hold Circuit Court
Venn one to three times a vear in each
county of his circuit ; and this occupies
the greater portion ot his time. Hence,
wlu'n the Preme Court is held, with
the usual calendar ot lrom thirty to nity
cases. Judges have to continue a portion,
or hurry through, in order to meet ihe de
mands of their respective circuits. To
continue a portion of the cases, will not
help the matter, for they will have no
more time, or a less number of cases at the
next term ; therefore, the business must
bo dispatched. This prevents the court
from giving the cases that leisurly and
careful examination that justice and a cor
rect application of the law require. It is
unjust, alike to the court, and to litigants,
and calls loudly for a remedy.
And further, we freqently hear 1 iwycrs
complain that the decisions of the Supreme
Court, are not published for years after
wJ1, prol)ablv 1)e found in the fact, that
j the court has not time to prepare them for
: publication sooner.
Iut tae question of additional cost and
expense, comes up. and is urged against
the establishment of a separate Supreme
That question of additional ex-
pense does very well for political bun
combe and demagogism, but for nothing
else. A Supreme Court, composed of
three judges, at a salary each, of three
thousand dollars per year, would be an
additional expense of nine thousand dol
lars per year.
By the census and assessment of 1SG5.
the taxable property of this State, was as
certained to be S20.125.915. in value. In
the year ISO."), the value of assessable
property in this county, was $1,005,591;
in 16G7, il is assessed at $1,721,085, an in
crease of $119,301 intwo years, and it is
probable, at least, that the increase of
wealth has been equally great throughout
the State. Then, if this additional nine
or 540.139 in the Treasury, for those two
! ye,.rs alone. Enough to pay the salaries
i of the Judges of the Supreme Court for
i the two ycarsl' wu1j yet a surplus of
! 522,139. in the Treasury for contingent ex-
j At aU events, the people pay the taxes,
; necessary to fustaia the State Govern-
- ! ment- !l(l tfcey have the rijrht to have
, Uou t iucrensfd to Hecr'TUjdl.:h it.
Speaking of the wheat crop ihe
Orcgonian says: " At the close of trie
harvest there was probably a
surplus of 2,000,000 bushels of wheat
ia the Willamette valley. Some of
this, though probably no large
amoutit, was sold before the late ad
vance in prices. But the bulk of the
wheat is still in the valley; and ow
ing to the low stage of water in the
upper river, the principal part of the
croP has nardly begun to move to
ward the market. As the advance
in prices was quite unexpected, an'.l
but little wheat had been bought up
by millers and shippers, the farmers
will get almost the whole benefit of
the rise. The advance, if f-ustained,
will therefore put a large amount of
money in circulation, which will ex
ercise a beneficial effVct upon busi
ness for a year to come. At least
$1,500,000 will be distributed
throughout the valley, relieving far
mers of many of their embarrass
ments and enabling them to engage
with new vigor in the work of anoths
er year. If they can dispose of their
gram at fair, remunerative rates, thev
will hardly let the opportunity pas
to do it, as the fluctuations and un
certainties of the market are often
such as to defeat all calculation. The
results of the present crop assum
ing that the market will be sustained
till the whole surplus is disposed of,
will show what our people might
do if they could rely on obtaining a
steady market for the products of the
soil. Agriculture alone would make
this valley rich; and aided by rnanu
factures, and with the various indus
tries supported by a military and itiN
tei lacing of interests, the country
would soon attain a very high de
gree of prosperity. If the amount of
wheat which the State now has to
dispose of were twenty-fold greater,
we should have a better market, be-,
cause buyers would know where to
come to purchase. We ought to
produce more of everything than we
have ever yet dorr; and though it
often appears that there is little en
couragement for the farmer, all he
"-'its is patience ar.d industry to
bring him out right at last. The
markets are often dull, but it is
worthy of observation that every few
years farm products are in good de
mand. The energetic farmer who
is prepared to take advantage of the
markets, as .all our farmers should be
every year, cannot fail to make his
occupation a profitable one.''
The Dalles children had n pleasant
excursion over the Celilo Railroad
on the 14th. Tile Mountaineer says
of it: The party left, the O. S. N.
Company's depot at 1 o'clock p. m..
numbering in all, children, teachers
and invited guest?, over two hun
dred persons. In the course of half
an hour the train stopped at the
" Tumwater" for the purpose of giv
ing all who wished, a chance to see
these beautiful falls. After spend
ing a few minutes in visiting the falls,
the sound of the bell notified " all
aboard" and in a few minutes more
we were at Celilo. The Company
here have a storehouse over a quar
ter of a milc'm length, built on an in
cline along the water's edge, so that
they can load their boats at any stage
of the water. This large building
was almost empty, so that the chil
dren had plenty of room to amuse
themselves in any and every coneeivc
able manner. Games of all kinds
was immediately commenced, and
everybody joined in the fun. About
three o'clock the lunch was spread
out and eaten with an exceeding good
relish. At four o'clock we were
again summoned to the cars and bv
five o'clock we were safe at home,
The Mountaineer says that J. W.
P. Iluntingon, Esq , has been re
appointed Superintendent of Indian
affairs for Oregon. This no doubt
will be astonishing news for a num
ber of nsoirants for this office; but
nevertheless we know it to be true,
for we have seen the papers. Mr.
Huntington enjoys the enviable rep
utation at Washington, of being the
most correct with his business affairs
of any Superintendent. That he is
an eflicient officer and well under
stands his business, is known to
everybody. lie is now in the
Klamath region, with the annuity
goods for those Indians.
Marriage Broker A person of
this class in England, in reply to a
letter freun a young lady, said thatlio
. . ' b . .
ui nrst-ciass position, uiui vviui iu
comes trom JoU to j,UU(J a year,
who are anxious to marry: so that he
can guarantee a good marriage to any
lady. He adds : liI will send some
cartes de visite for your inspection.
Among my clients arc officers, clergy
men, merchants, and gentlemen of in
dependence. You may depend on
strict good faith." In a pamphlet
which he sends the lady, he describes
his system and its success. He avers
that "during the last eighteen years he
has married upwards of five thousand
couples happily, who, bad it not been
for him, would still have been in sin
gle misery. He points out that mar
riage bv negotiation is the rule in
most foreign countries and in all roy
al families" and urjes that Unions
thus brought about are productive of
as much real happiness as those known
as love matches, which young people
make for themselves, in which the
motive power is usually a straight
nose, smooth waltzing, a neat foot and
ankle, an exorbitant chignon, or a
The Status of Ocr PartV. We
have before intimated that it appear
ed to be time that Union men were
looking to the status of the party.
Says the Roseburg Ensign we now
say and verily believe, that it is time
the Republican press lift a firm and
united voice against the folly of the
sentamentalists among us who will,
if they are ; . rmUted.through their in
j herent Iove for the inferior races, uK
i timately bring upon the party a na
1 tional defeat!
THE STATE FAIR.
SALfeM, Oct. 10, 1SG7.
SECOND LETTEtt TO THE ENTERPRISE.
If I carry out my promise and let
you see the Pair as 1 saw it, I am
afraid much that i shall write will be,
ere this reaches you, ''old news;' tor
looking at the reports of friend G. of
the Orejonian, C. cf the Unionist,
and C. of the Record, there is rno
chance for me to make an impression
from a reporter s stand point, so 1
must resort to a trick, learned at fairs
when a boy, more fond of seeing a
horse race than now ; which was: to
get underneath the big men in order
to get a closer view than they.
Commencing then with the founda
tion of agriculture, I desire to show
you the plows. Here are extensive
rows of these useful implements, of
eastern manufacture, sent here by
those interested in their sale. There
is not a bid plow in the entire lot,
but different farmers will choose dif
ferent patterns, as experience upon
their part guides the reason of prefer
ence. The plow of Eistern make,
however, which seems to me to com-
bine the most good qualities is the
Turf and Stubble plow, (Smith's
patent) made of cast cteel, by Col
lins 6c Co., Hartford, Conn. The
Oregon mechanic who can get up
such a plow at such a price, w ill de
serve well of his fellow citizens. Of
plows of home make the Web Foot
.Mr. Lewis, of your city, maker)
was awarded the blue ribbon. It is
a good plow, and for heavy lands it
is doubtful whether any imported
plow is its equal. Mr. Dowen, of
Roseburg, had a style of plotr which
in my judgment makers would do
well to exainh.e thoroughly, for it
seems to me that it is likely to more
than fill the place of Collins' cast steel !
plow, as suitable to all kinds of work
in all kinds of io. A portion of j
the plow on exhibition the maker
claims ,u his own invention, and for
which he lias a patent dated May
1SG7. This consists of fin additional
landside end cutter combined, which
is bolted on to the landside proper.
1 do not care much about the pat.
cnted portion cf the plow, as the
cutter can be attached in various
other ways, and tho landside is not
deep enough for deep plowing, being
not more than sever, inches. 1 am
acquainted with farmers who plow
their land sometimes a foot deep,
and have a landside of that depth at
tached to every new plow they pur
chase. The great point in Mr.
Rowen's plow is the shape of the
mold board, which is formed on the
turninir principle, and has not the I
square set toward tne land wlr. li ;
most of our plows have. JJr. i
Douthit's gang plow was shown in
operation, and attracted the attentive
regard of many farmers.
Next to the plows como seed sow
ers. There were two on exhibition.
of Oregon invention, one by Mr. J.
II. Douthit, the other by Mr. Olney
Fay, both of Linn county. I faw
that of the former in operation, ami
think it a good thing. It received
the first premium. Mr. Fa's ma
chine is a combined seed sower and
cultivator. Roth are provided with
a comfortable seat for the operator.
Next came the reapers and thresh
ing machines, wagons, express w a st
erns, and carriages, of which the mak
ers may with justice lie proud. Mr.
J. W. Lewis exb'.bitcel a :icat double
seated top bugiry, upon which he
took a first and second premium.
First as a double bugirv, find second
its a single bti'jrgy. Its chit f attrac
tion wns the new patent tire, and
sliding seat. Ed. Enterprise
John Cox, of Starr's Point, had a
very queer looking machine invented
by himself, for mortising building
timbers. A series tf cog-wheels arc
so arranged, as by ihe working of a
lever to work a hollow chisel to and
fro in the bottom of a mortise, mak
ing a square hole and carrying the
chisel down ns fast as the boring ma
chine will force tho augur into the
wood. The specimen on exhibition
was rude in point ef workmanship,
but it so commended itself to the
committeoas to secure the blue rib
bon. I should not wonder if it would
he the means of commanding its in
ventor to the good graces of the
world. Roth Mr. Rovven and Mr.
Cox are working blacksmiths. An
otner invention by another working
blacksmith, (Mr. Woodbury vt Sa
lem,) is a reaper worked by a belt
and cam-wheel ; no cog-wheels, no
crank. The miniature specimen
shown by Mr. Forsythe, of the Salem
steam saw mill, (who is understood
to be interested in the invention.)
seems to promise all that is claimed
Another inventor thinks he has
n-ot an " idea"' which shall render the
master-wheel of threshing machines
unnecessary. The contrivance is cer
tainly very ingenious and may prove
Stiil another illustration of Ore
gon's inventive power, was shown bv
Mr. A. M. Prirgle, of Salem. ft
consists of a ' coring tube" so con
nected with one of the latest and most
effective styles of turn table paring
machines, as to core and quarter the
apple with no more loss of time or
labor than would be necessary to take
the pared apple from the "machine
without coring. 1 understand a pat
ent is applied for.
The interest which the articles on
exhibition in the shed devoted to the
class of implements and machinery
drew around them, show beyond a
doubt that the minds of our invent
ors and machinists are on the alert for
home machinery for the manufacture
of machinery enough to supply aj
our wants, and not be tributary to
the inventive genius of New England
its machinery, and its natural powers
This brings me to
the sKiii or tnat famous region, which
.... t t "
was on exhlbition-Swa ii's turbine
to jndge critically of the merits of
this machine, I asked the opinion ot
an expert in such matters, who was
examining into its construction with
a great degree of interest. He pave
it with evident caution to the effect
that " the price at which an article
could be furnished was always an im
portant consideration, but wcro the
price of this wheel and Level's double
turbine wheel equal, lie shoulj still
prefer thi.-Y' on account of some
points in its construction different
from the double turbine, one of which
he has in operation. The question
of price is of considerable importance,
for I suppose t lie difference between
i-'.OA -iiwl ft(Hl wiil sometimes de-
cide whether an enterprise, beneficial i
to the country, rdiall be begun this j
year er at some time indefinite in the j
Another Eastern invention, Lee's
farm and carriage gate, was set up so
that its operation might be seen. 1
could not see much advantage it
promises over the old style hinge
Having shown you the implements
from the plow to the water wheel, T
desire now to show you other instru
mentalities of mail's happiness. We
will, if you please, look over the stock
on exhibition, the exhibitors of winch
I named in my first litter. Sliil
looking underneath the great men.
let us pass from the beef steak w hich
fives us strength for the day's labor
to the fine wool cf which the blankets
are made under which we seek "tired
nature's sweet restorer, balmy sleep. '
The exhibition in this class con
sisted entirely of short horns and their
grades, and the greater number de
rive their origin from the herd of
Wri'dit ec King, formerlv of King's
Valley. Some of the specimens
shown were large too large accord
irg to my judgment. There is no
denying the fact that for purposes of
hand feeding, the short horn takes
precedence of any other breed of
Its disposition to give a well
raaibied steak r.i return for grass,
hay and rutabagas, will not be
But my fancy runs toward a more
compact animal than the most of
short horns are, and even of that
breed I prefer the most compact form,
which 1 generally find amongst the
smallest specimens of the breed. I
think, however, that Oregon is much
ia need of the Devon stock for its hill
ranges, and the Calloway cattle a
Scottish polled breed m'ght greatly
improve the grazing qualities ot our
common cattle. ihe improvement j
of the milking qualities of the coin
mor. cow might well repay some man
of capital (or the introduction of the
Ayrshire cattle. There was a mani-
fe.st increase of interest shown in this !
branch of farming, which extended to I
l'ne vnU'S ,f waking oxen f.r
nere is a disposition
sl,OW1 'O' S(,,I1C our tq
shown by some of our upland farm
ers to go back to the ox fur teaming
purposes again. It is Certainly the
most economical team m
l - i .
THE SHEEP SHOW
Gave a greater variety of animals.
To look a, the Australian Merinoes,
and at the Cotswolds, in an adjoining
pen, a person might readily conclude
us som1? students of natural history
have, that there are two distinct
species of sheep. Certainly the va
rieties are greatly dissimilar. The
qtustion as to which of the breads
will answer in the greatest degree the
purposes for which sheep lire kept
and fed with the greatest profit, to
lhe shepherd still finds earnest
friends of the sheep on each side of
it ; some for short wools, some for
the. long. Your correspondent sides
w ith bot h, f ivoi ii;g t he long wools on
rich lands near market, where only
a limited number can bo kept, and
on rough and extensive ranges the
short wools, ns they will bear short
sheep and ll icking in numbers, in
comparably the best. S far as the.
premiums of the State Society have
tended to a solution of the question,
it tins gone almost uniformly in favor
of the Merinoes and their grades.
At this Fair the sweepstake prize for
the best buck for wool and mutton,
of any breed, was awarded to a thorough-bred
Merino, the property of
John Minto. The same animal won
the same prize last year. Another
buck of the same blood and owner
ship took the second prize. l:i the
other lists of fat shet'p and grades for
wool and mutton, the Merino bloods
carried all before them. Messrs.
Davidson and Minto received all the;
premiums on fat sheep but one, on
thorough-bred Merinoes, and that
one was the - prize on fat wethers
won by a pair f yearling high
grade Merinoes belonging to A.Carey
of Salem. The first prize on ,'. year
old graded bucks was awarded to
Delos Jefferson. The animal seemed
to be a cross between common stock
Cotswold and French Merino. The
2 1 was awarded W. I. Aewbv ef
Yamhill, upon a buck Merino "and
Leicestershire. The rest of the
prizes on grades were awarded to
Carter Chamberlain of Marion
county. They have hired bucks of
Mr. Minto for the past four years
nud their flock sheared an average of
81 lbs. of the highest priced wool
last spring. This is good from me
dium sized sheep. I suppose that a
flock of Cotswolds would'yield at that
rate, but then there is nearly double
the weight of carcass to feed. 1 have
thought that the breeders of Ct.
wolds and that class of sheep are neo--
.tv.w.,6 iu.su e ana nneness of their
IVUZ. 10l7ti?J thC ,heaV?
the properties which give the creat
o -v v J tiit; 1 r 'il'l'f tu
est value to the. rnmtiinn- t,...t " rri .
Leicestershire buck was placed on
exhibition by Mr. Minto solely with
a desire to call attention to the lus
tre and fineness which may be had in
a long wooled sheep. The identical
sheep shown was purchased in En-r
land by the Paget Sound A-ncid-
uirai Vvomnany. and so ,1 tr Tn r..
- " ' I . X L.
' I J . LUU I V n Mi liui.t
, bv him exhibits! ,u " L
FVr e Tn
Keyes) of Benton county, who is the
owner of 27 head of merinoes, w hich
last season yielded an average of 1G
lbs. of unwashed wool. He also has
G head of Cotswokls (imported last
winter,) which, as well as 1 recollect,
averaged over 12 lbs. Mr. K. is ef
the opinion that a breed of sheep, in
termediate between the two'race?,
can be established. Certainlyif such
a race can be formed, it will greatly
extend I lie ability of our manufactur
ers to supply the increasing demand
for the finest possible tissues of
the manufacturers have an interest in
this question which should induce
them to come to a closer acquaint-
ante with sheep breeders. 1
ur it is
plainly to the interest of both parties
to understand the wants of the mar-
ket. While every other branch of
industry has taken pains to have it
self represented at the State Fair, the
woolen factories of the State have ex
hibited nothing. The Pacific Mills
of California had some fine under
clothing and hosiery on cxlrbition
which received the admiration of
who had the good fortune to lint out
where they were to be seen. Hie
troofls wen) made of fine wool, pnr
chased in Oregon, and fiom one of the
patties who was admiring them 1 re
ceived the information that there was
a pair ef blankets of remai kable fine
ness find finish on sale at the store of
Scott fc Morgan, Salem, which were
made at ihe Oregon City Mills. Few
people who attended the Fair saw
those blankets. More Aso.v.
We take the following telegraphic news
from dispatches to the Orenonian.
Chief Justice Chase has decided the
Maryland law regulating colored ap
Diaz has received the majority cf
the votes for the Presidency in the
State of Vera Cruz.
Havana advices from Vera Cruz
say that Santa Anna has been scu
tenccd to exile for eight years.
Gen. Mower has removed several
county officials in Louisiana, fur op
The Garibaldians have seized the
railroad between Pome and Ostia
and interrupted communication with
One hundred and thirty officers are
awaiting the subsidence of the epi
demic before they venture on duty in
Juarez has received a majority in j
the City of Mexico but the general
result of the Presidential election is
Detectives have obtained a cine
to the counterfeiters of the 7-30's.
Over a million of the bogus bonds
have been put upon the market.
The State Department has pub
lished a pamphlet containing infor
mal ion rcirardinir the trad'niir nosts
in Alak i. It is said to be valuable.
The Express sa s the trial of Jeff.
I)aiswiil probably commence on
the 'Jth. There will be an effort
made to obtain a jury of w hites.
A special dispatch frcm Philadel
phiu sa s that i lie Kepub'ican Cen
iral Committee have determined to
contest the election of tdiarswood.
The hitter's official majority is 7-M
Official nccounls from Crete con
linn tho report of a renewal of hos
tilities. 'J lie idea of returning to al-
1 '''a' to Tuikey has been scorn
fullv n n etcd.
Democrats of Ohio arc consider
ing the propriety of contesting
Hayes' election, 011 the grotiud that
negroes voted in counties contrary to
Ground has been broken and work
commenced on the Southern Branch
of the. Union Pacific Railroad at
Junction City, Kansas. The work
will be pushed vigorously.
It is believed in Florence that
Italy and France have a perfect un
derstanding and are really acting to
gether in their treatment of the Ilo
Tho Paris Jfo?iitcur asserts its be
lief that Home ami the Papal prov
inces will be loyal to the Pope. The
Patrie argues that IVeTcb interven
tion will be necessary to save Italy
from revolution and anarchy.
The Tribune's special says the
whisky ring is increasing the sub
scription to a million dollars. The
money is subscribed with the avowed
object to effect the removal of Mc
Culloch. Henry A. Wise made .1 speech at
the opening exhibition of the Virginia
Horticultural Society, and advised
the young men of that State to go to
farming; do their own labor, and get
rid of the negroes. He was m favor
of European immigrants.
It is reported that the plan for ins
surrection in the city of Rome has
been exposed and the leaders thrown
into prison. Another report is, that
Garibaldi has escaped from Caprera
and left the Island, going aboard an
The Late California Electiox.
Speaking of the Judicial election in
California, the 77m?s says : "As we
feared, it has proved impossible to ral
ly Union men after the severe defeat
1 f hist month, and nothing like a full
party vote has been polled. In this
cit the democracy did all the work-
i ;nrT nc .H o ,,in;t ..: ,
spent all the money which was used."
Here there is yet nothing definite
known as to the final result, although
it is probable t tie Democratic nomi
nees were both elected. The De
mocracy have anain carried the citv
this time making n clean sweep and
have the municipal government en
tirely in their hands. The Union
party and the People's party are
C"' and lhe democracy
OREGON CENTRAL RAILROAD,
COMING TO OREGON CITY !
Now is the Time to Take Fassage for
The Establishment of
111 ) il.V J C pJI
TT"w TT k T - T TT-CT1
FALL AND WINTER GOODS
Ever brought to this Market, consisting, ia part of
CLOTHING, OF ALL DESCRIPTIONS For Gents' and Coys' wear I
FL'iiXISlUXG GOOD.?. Of every variety!
LADIES' DRESS GOODS. Of ail kinds and colors!
LADIES' CLOAKS. SHAWLS, FURS. HOSIERY, etc.,
51 ERR IM AC PRINTS. WHITE GOODS, etc.,
II ATS AND CAPS, LOOTS AND SHOES,
GROCERIES -And an endless variety of goods, too numerous to mention.
Wlalcli tSaoy lisiesail
If any one is disposed io doubt the renuiness of the above stutemefrls
Especially the latter all the undersigned ask of them is, thai they
Call and Examine the Goods and Prices
And satisfy themselves. TFc may
JJuihli)i, Main street Oregon City.
a e w A i vcrlisciiiciits.
LHS. OV GOOD MF.R
to be d livercd nt mv Warehouse in Cane-
mah, for which I will pay one dollar per 100
BUSHELS OF TlK -T.YE.I
Blue, or Kidney I'otatucs.
For which I will pay
0 cents per 100 lbs.
100,000 lbs. Ko. 1 Pork ! j
For which T will pay six dollars for every
Kmi lbs. Fork to be weil fatted, and nut to
weigh less than 2"'.' lbs to tli Iio.
-V All to be delivered at my warehouse,
in 'uncm-.ih. j 1 .tf
Everybody Should Knoiv it!
THE REGULATOR CP
QhMEOAL MSOCHANOiSE I
Corner of Main and Fifth streets,
0 REG OX CITY, 0 REG OX,
XT AS JUST UK'
AS JUST UKTURNKD FROM SAX
Francisco, briejjin with him, and to
arrive, a mamticcut stock consisting hi part
L A DIES1 DRESS GOODS.
LADIES' CLOAKS, SHAWLS.
BROWN cc BLEACHED MUS
GENTS' FFPNISIING GOCDS,
BOOTS A X D SIIO ES,
HATS AND CAPS,
G 1 : 0 C E R I ES, A LL KINDS,
DOORS. SASII, HARDWARE
PAINTS OILS, ccc, &c, &c.
1-7 Lorik out for the attraction when this
stock is fully opened. n!0
At the OLD CORXER
O REG OX CITV,
Has just received, and is now openin",
all the latest
SI mid P&lf crsis
IVhich he will sell loic,
For Cash or Country Produce !
His stock Comprises, in partt
READY MADE CLOTHING
BOOTS AND SHOES,
Mcns Ladies' Misses and Child? ens
HATS AND CAPS,
Groccrie.s,Crockery, Glass and Plated
Ware, Paints, Oils, Lamps,
Wicks, Chimneys, and Burners!
Hardware, Cullery, etc., etc,
Being Hundreds of Other Articles !
Too numerous to Mention !
ZT full and examine for yourself. I tak
pleasure in showing goods," and customers
will tiad the articles at reasonable li-aires.
Corner store, opposite ihe
o.ly Tin and stove store.
BARLOW A FULLER, OREGON CITV,
have on hand for s lie, in lots to suit
purchasers, the celebrated J'AJV't
FLOUR. Trr it.
ONE OF THE LARGEST AXITBEST A3-
io sell Lowe
be. found at the ohl stand, the BrkV
JACOB tC- BdiOTJER
I North American S. S. Co.
1 T. NTmi- V,.,.1- TV!
! 1 lN C loliv la IC'iraglia,
j irrougii Ahead of the Kail!
SIl0ricsi and or'h dlcallhy Routt I
Will dispatch the f.ist aad favorite stcamsL'a
Cai't. Wakhm av Commandir-
r,rSAXji'AXiEL sin:, y;,:,,-."
From Missioa street whuii i:t 12 (clock V
FRIDAY, NOVEMBER i;.di. ISCT."'
c o xx e c rixc; a t a n e y t o tr-v
Vt'ith the magnificent New Httfatcsbis
0,000 Tons. For X E W TO EE.
:.o cippine on tile IsShmns. 10:JI'.
15SSr; F:c-. An experienced nrccsja
on board ; Medicine and attendance free.
As there is "o "Vi-llotv Fever ;ior other
I. li icnuc m Nieanip:aa, Passengers
XIii itoutc wi'l not be detained bv Q,u.-
:i:itinel;i tw York.
-.:? -tor furtner in..rniasi.-n arr-lv to
I- W. K. VMONi. A ant
W cor. Fine and Uat'.ei v tts., i-!ai'
' " .Sta fr.i!,c;-
FR00F3 0? TK3 EUPEillOU
QUAL1TV OF THE
The American 'Watch Company, c! Wait
ham, Mass., respect fully submit ii:jtbeir
V atches are cheaper, more accurate, less
complex, more durable, better iilapu-ii f-Jt
general ustvuul more ea-diy kept in orJi-rsr.i
repaiied than any watches in the :v.i:'.;ct.
They are simpler in slructu"0, ami tlicrcfcr
stronger, and loss like'v to be injurod tluu
the majority cf foreign watches, which Ki
composed of from to f.'0 piec;, while ia
an old English watch there are more thss
T'.'L parts. How they run under the hardest
trial watches can have, is shown by thef:!
lowing letter :
PEXX. RAILROAD COM FA NY.
Office or tat. Gsxeral Srrr.niN7EDi:;v?. '.
Ai.tooxa, Fa., l.'th Fee.. !(
GtvV.arun : The watches mantifaCJ-'
by you have been in use on this railroad U:
several years by our eninemcn. to wbfa
we furnish watches as pari of ourtquipr.'ts1
Th;re are now s:me three hundra-i ot'l'-M
carried on our lint', ar.d wc consider
od and reliable time keepers, idccd.l
have great satisfaction in saying
watches give us less trouble, and have w-r
and do wear much longer without rer-r!
than any watches we have ever had i
on Ibis road. As von aie aware, wef.irrnsr
trusted to those ot" English manufacture, '
ucknon ledsed pood i-eputation i kit as
class they liever kept time as ortW'-i.''. 5B'
have they dune as ond service, as
In these statements 1 am sustained br X
predecessor, Mr. Lewis, whose cxpcriei
extended over a series of year.
EDWARD II. WILLIAM?., (
A?nerican IVaich Co., Waithd:. f
We make now five different S1"3"'
watches, named respectively as follow
lialtham )VaU-h Co.,
P. .V. E'ri.'Cf,
II 'in. LUcrv.
Hme Watch Ox,
Ail of these, with the exception o.
Home Watch Company, are warr.n-
the American Watch Company to bci;J:.
best materia', on the most approved pr--"
pie, and to possess every remii.'t-
liable time-keeper. Every dealer
these A atches is proviuea
panv s printed card oi t;a.ii'""-
buyers may feel sure that thcr ar
ing the genuine article. Thee an-
ons counterfeits and imitations
Wathes sold throughout the coiintr.
we would caution purchr.sers to be c "
guard ara:nst imposition.
Anv frrades of Waltham
,,-....1. i-i..inrc throi'S"''"'
purciusea ot n aa-u jivw - -
country. . .t,i'
iiouhiNs k ArrLEy
Tt. Grav &Co.. CIS Merchant---:isco,
Agent for the I acme .
f I 1
-' .",..-'..:....:.. ' wtf f
' l'i' '
" I --. ' ,-. - :,