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About Oregon City enterprise. (Oregon City, Or.) 1866-1868 | View This Issue
i)c iUcckhj enterprise.
Oregon City, Oregon :
I. O. IR.El.AXn, KDITOH AXI) FKOPItlETOII.
Saturday, April 6th, 1867.
We notice that some of the California
prints, aided by the San Francisco Board
of Trade, are already engaged in specula
tions as to the future grain crop. Statis
tics are well if properlyapplied. It Las
been a matter that has been too much
neglected in thif part of the country. It
is gratifying to note that the people are
anxious for correct knowledge regarding
the various pursuits and occupations jn
which they are engaged. The spread of
such information through the instrumen
talities of organized .societies throughout
the United States during the last fifteen
years, has been the direct means of raising
" the first occupation of m.aa"" to a standard
unknown or unthought of by the people
of other nations. AVe contend that, to-day,
notwithstanding the claims of Great Brit
ain to great practical achievement in the
art of agriculture, the United States by far
excels all other countries in the general
branches of husbandry. England's great
superiority ov er us must be acknowledged,
however, in respect to her statistics. In
Am?r;ca tins manes is sauiy negiccreu.
In the State of Oregon there is nothing
partaking of the nature of an association
or society for the compilation, of statistical
information. We are actually losing
ground on. account f it. See what the
Historical Society of St. Paul have done
for Minnesota. Societies and clubs should
be formed in every part of the country,
with competent and efficient officers, whose
interest would be subserved by collecting
information needed by the people. The
great aim should be to reach practical at
tainments in a practical way, but this can
not be done if we have no organizations
for the purpose. Wherever tho greatest
amount of general intelligence prevails, it
is .universally found that ths people enjoy
more cmufort and more wealth, than marks
the condition of those who are ignorant
and shiftless. Agricultural societies can
i- considerable toward filling the want in
Oregon, if they are properly managed.
Through the influence of agricultural and
horticultural societies, organized in differ
ent States and counties, much valuable in
formation has reached farmers andgarden
rrs, which it would have been impossible
for them to procure through any other
channel. The state of perfection which
some of the New England States have ar
rived at in the culture of certain, fruits, is
almost wholly due to the in3ancc of the
Massachusetts llcrticultuyal Society ; a so
Qciety, which in point of pomological intel
ligence, is not excelled in the world. Na
ture, in an agricultural point of view, has
done but little for that section of the Union;
yet ihc annual results of the skillful labor
applied in the various branches of hus
bandry by the people, are actually won
derful. The benefits resulting to the peo
ple of oilier States, from the teachings of
such men as "Wilder and Hovcy, who for
many years were among tbe principal pil
lars in the Massachusetts Horticultural
organization, have been.alniost incalcula
ble. In the history of American horticul
ture, the name of Downing will be re
corded as a benefactor of his race. lie
has probably accomplished more for the
beneftt) of the horticulturist in America
than any other man, having devoted his
lifelocihe dissemination of knowledge of
American fruits, and labored earnest' y
and faithfully, with great force and effect,
in encouraging the organization of socie
ties, as a means of gathering information
ffud spreading facts before the people.
From the different agricultural societies
and farmers' clubs, organized throughout
the United States, and from persons who
are irj a greatCineasure indebted to these
organizations for the knowledge they pos
Q'ss of agricultural matters, the Depart
ment of Agriculture principally receives
the data from which the valuable annual"
reports of the Commissioner of Agriculture
Qre made up, and which are of incalculable
benefit to the country. The Commissioner,
iu ou of hU report, says, ' that the sec
retaries of the various agricultural socie
ties and farmers' club are the proper
persons to furnish, themselves or by others,
the-department with the desired facts. In
may cases they have done this faithfully
and earnestly ; others having neglected it,
intelligent and active fanners and business
men of all professions were prompted to
t4ipply the deficieayies." AVe never see
Oregon rnentioceiTin the agricultural re
ports, and we think it is puite time that
some organization was perfected here, to
furnish the desired information monthly,
ExTKurr.isK Rewakped. As shav'ing
the rult of persistent effort, and confi
dence in man and man as partners, see the
workings of the Blue Gravel Mining Com
pany, of Yuba county, California. In
1854 the company organized for york
with a eapital of $20,000. A tunnel was
commenced in February, 1S"5. Th? part
ners soon found themselves straitened for
money, but they felt confident of the ulti
mate result ; they.were faithful to the un
dertaking, and to one another ; they were
not afraid of hone t work, and their credit
was good. At one time they were in debt
over $00,000, and as a result of eight
years work they had an expenditure of all
their capital, a debt of $20,000 more, but
greater confidence in one another (eleven
men) and in their claim. At last, early in
1801, the tunnel passed through the rock
and reached the ehanuel at a depth of one
hundred feet below the surface. Now the
company clean up once in eight or ten
weeks, and theQresult8 of the several runs
since the tunnel was opened till December
Ulst, 1SCG, shows -that $G42.SG0 have been
taken out. Their merit appears the great
er when we kcp in mind the fact that
their company is the only one upon the
Pacific caast. within our knowledge, that
c.vt played the game of "freeze out."
Mr. Webb, the eminent ship-builder,
gives it as his opinion that one of the
reasons for the decline in American ship
building is the difficulty of inducing boys
to apprentice themselves to the buisness
and learn it thoroughly. There is a want
of skilled and educated laborers ia this
department of industry, because boys spend
their time in some occupation ?emed
more respectable than mantra labor, says
the New York Sun. This is an error that
does not apply to ship-building alone.
In almost every branch of industry there
is a distaste in the mind of the Amer
ican boy for anything like manual work.
There is an ambition, altogether false
and very prejudicial to the boy's future
success, to escape all rudimentary work
and occupy at once a position where a
living can be made in the easiest and
most respectable manner. This is con
trary to all democratic teachings as to
the dignity of labor, but it is, unfortun
ately, true. Young men in this country
are ashamed of toil. They are evea asham
ed" of the toil of their fathers before them.
They forget how large a proportion of
men in all couritrles have attained wealth
and eminence through the avenues of man
ual labor. Men who haye thus risen are
often anxious that their own sons shall be
brought irp to some profession in which
it is hoped they will attain more rapid
distinction. It seems to be forgotten that
skill and intellect will tell just as surely
in many other ways as they will in law
or any of the profession. There are tri
umphs to be gained in the material world,
and this country, above all others, pre
sents a broad and promising field for the
exercise of mind in the subjugation of
nature to man's dominion and use. This
field is full of honor and profit, but it
must be reached by toil, and those who
would explore it successfully must begin
iit the foundation by making themselves
personally familiar with the manual la
bor they expect ultimately to eontrol.
The renown of England's great engineers
will outlive that of many of her distinguish
ed politicians and statesmen ; and the
greatest of her engineer were once
mechanics in the humblest sense. In
America it is specially true that talent
will show itself wherever it may bo, ami
men will pay it willing homage. Why,
then, arc young men ashamed to step
on the lower rungs of a ladder that
reaches so high ? It is because parents
and others give them false and foolish
notions of the superior respectability of
calling in which they may spend ten
years without gaining a single idea or
enlarging their education one iota. Some
petty clerkship is prefered tab.on.esi, man
ly, ennobling toil, though it dwarfs mind
and body, and yields not half the-profit.
Our pubic schools should, in a measure,
prepare boys for the practical occupa
tions of life. The Colleges of the country
should have departments solely for educa
tion in the branches pertaining to me
chanical pursuits, embracing the applica
tion of the sciences to e very-day affairs,
and their profitable- employment in the
various handicrafts of life. "
The Sltko Tuxxet.. A friend in San
Francisco writes that we did just as we
should, in denouncing the appeal of the
Sutro Tunnel Co. for signatures to their
memorials in Oregon. He says "it is
purely a private speculation," and that
Congress ought to do no more for it than
they would for any other private enter
prise. The proposed tunnel is to tap the
Comstock ledge at a depth of about 1800
feet below the ci'oppings. The leading
companies of the Comstock ledge finding
that in some instances, as they go down
upon their claims, the pay ore is exhaust
ing, have an opinion that the Sutro Tun
nel will enable them to vrork: to a better
advantage, and hence arj investing capi
tal in the project. The Savage mine put
in $J."0,000 for Tvmnel stock, the Hale &
Norcross $100,000, and so on. Consider
ing that the Comstock ledge last year
yielded about $15,000,000, and is the
principal bolster at the back of Nevada
and California, it is ea?y to be seen that
nothing will be spared to put it in shape
to continue this yield, but it is a matter in
which Oregon and the General Govern
ment need not invest.
Dried Pjxms. Last years dried fruit has
sold well, and those who have orchards
would do well to give the matter of drying
fruit still more attention. The large
plums that were dried last fall brought
from twelve to sixteen cents per pound,
in large quantities. They are far superior
to the German plum that is imported here
in casks and retailed at twenty cents per
pound. It would be well for those who
have trees of the smaller variety, to bud
them with the Hungarian, German and
French prune. The French dried prune
is now retailing at forty cents per pound,
and there U no reason why the same
variety connot be raised and dried here,
saving a large amount of gold -from be
ing sent away annually for its purchase.
Steel Co.irAXY. A company is being
organized to manufacture steel atMeriden,
Conn., under a patent issued to Mr. Sav
age, of the same place. The process con
sists of immersing the steel in a chemical
solution. The advantages are that the
steel is mr.de in one day, whereas you
are not row sure cf always making the
same quality twice alike ; that there is
no loss in the manufacture-ef.it, where
as now there is more or les- less from
not always being able to- make good
steel, and that by this process it can "be
Louisville, Kt. The Courier states that
there are thirteen founderies and machine
shops in that city employing a capitol of
$1,061,000, with a value of products of
$1,580,000 ; pay of labor. $416,920 ; hands
employed, 067 ; bar and pig iron used,
No Doubt. The London Spectator thinks
Andrew Johnson has been to this country
a "blessing in disguise." TLtre is no
doubt abouc the disgruhse.
Emtcrn Oregon TVool.
Mr. John Mia-to-, of Marion county, writes
us as follows :
Editor Enterprise : I notice a slight
error in your issue of March 23d. I had
not thought of changing my present busi
ness of breeding thorough-bred merinos',
and my home in Marion for any other pur
suit or any other location. My design is
to visit Eastern Oregon, ia order to form
an opinion as to what proportion those
alkali flats'" bear to the good, sound
grazing grounds of the region east of the
Cascades. I take some stock sheep and
some mutton sheep iu order to make the
trip something more than one of mere
curiosity. This question of "alkali"' I have
long considered one of very great import
ance to the general interests of this coun
try, and especially so to the woolen man
ufacturing interests and raising of good
wTool bearing- stcck sheep. For if this
alkali is so generally present, and so in
jurious in its action on the fibre of wool
raised east of the Cascades, as some news
paper items I have read would seem to
imply : then, the Willamette river is not
the Merrimac, and Oregon City is not
destined to be our Lowell. For with
three woolen factories already in opera
tion and a prospect of three more being
shortly biilt in the upper Willamette, with
Umpqua and Rogue river valieys each
making their own wool crop3 into cloth,
the surplusage of wool, which is destined
to make Oregon City the great centre of
woolen manufactories on this coast.wili be
smalb This is what is to bring Oregon
City orders on the wings of lightning for
cloths to be sent to the head waters of the
Columbia, to the fishing and lumbering
stations of the northwest coast, yes, even
to countries drained by the Amoor and
other rivers now being settled on the
Asiatic side of the Pacific by the friendly
power of Russia.
Oregon City is situated so as to receive
the wool from the Columbia river equally
as well as she now carries on her trade
with the Willamette, and to her manufac
turers the amount of injury done to the
wool by the action of alkali must be a
question of interest. That the wool is in
jured some, seems to be generally assumed
or admitted, but to what extent I think has
never been closely inquired into, yet it
ought to be, both on account of the pro
ducer and consumer ol such wool. The
one ought to know to what extent his
product is justly depreciated in value, and
the other ought to-know whether this kind
of wool can be used in indiscriminate
manufacture with other wools, or used
only as " filling'' for cloths of which the
' chain" is made of other wool. The ques
tion is one of importance not only to Ore
gon but to the entire Pacific States and
Territories, for 1 believe ''alkali fiats" are
found from Mexico to the British line. It
ought to fee- solved by the Agricultural
Tu3 Sax Francisco Vegetable- Oil
Works. The establishment recently erect
ed at San Francisco for the purpose of
manufacturing vegetable oils, commenced
operations on the 22d nit., by extracting
the oil from mustard seed. The establish
ment has cost nearly $100,000 the presses
working up to a force of S00 tons. At
this amount of pressure the crushed seed
becomes as hard, solid and dry as 3 pine
board, and is subsequently ground to make
the mustard of commerce. Every bushel
or sixty pounds of seed, on an average,
yields twelve pounds of a bright yellow
oil, almost as sweet and clear as that ex
tracted from olives. This oil spoils the
mustard if kept after it has been ground ;
its extraction consequently adds much to
the market value of the mustard. The
company are ottering live cents per
pound for all tbe linseed they can obtain,
and 3 ("" 4 c for castor beans. At these
prices, tlax will be a far more profitable
crop than wheat or barley.
Montana. Our Montana exchanges are
filled with accounts of new discoveries
and big strikes in the. mines of that Terri
tory-, lhe miners are fast throwing off
that feverish impatience for hasty acquisi
tion of wealth which was so characteristic
of ch e early drivers, and in many instances
have latterly, been operating upon tangi
ble evidence of ultimate, though not of
speedy fortunes. Such are the baro all
over the countiy to which ditches are be
ing and have been brought. The Legis
laturc refused to order a special election
for Delegate to Congress. The regular
annual election is field in September.
it r -r - w .
i. UK A1LKDKK Or JLUt. IjIVINOSTONE. We
have been expecting to hear by dispatches
more particulars of the 'murder of Dr
Livingstone, but presume we shall have to
wait for a report by mail. It i3 not un
1 ? 1 . 1 il . 1 L . i 1 f t
iiKeiy mai ne met ms iate in some man
ner similar to that of Jules Girard. No
satisfactory account was given, as to how
me ueaui oi mis iamous lion Killer oc
curred, for about one year,wh.eijjt was as
certained that he was murdered by his
negro grades, who wished to plunder his
baggage, Guard was killed about two
years and a half ago.
bcETCs Iim.ber. The region about
Cathlamet a5ouds in fine spruce, suitable
for the manufacture of Imrrels, tnbs and
pails. Much ot it is sent to manufactories
at San Frascisce. The- barge of Mr,
Grounds a few days since brought, at one
load, 114 cords. It cau be put on the
wharf at Cathlamet for $0 per cord, .while
at Portland it costs $7.50. This suggests
the idea that Cathlamet wouM te a suit
able place for the manufacture of the raw
The Cigar Trade. lhe extent of the
local manufacture of this article in San
Francisco is such as to give employ scent
to seven hundred, and at certain seatt ng
twelve hundred Chinese. San Francisco
cigars, made by Chinamen, are sold and
consumed as pure Havanas. During the
month of January, 1867, taxes were paid
on 1,711,582 home-made eigars taken out
of bond tor consumption.
Concrete 1-loors. Arched floors of
concrete, or beton, a mixture of broken
sioue, sauu, aim uiauuc cement, are
i j i 1 i i; .
ibeing put down in Paris without any
support of vaults, girders, or the like.
The .material i simply packed in or
molded on timber- centerings, which are
with-drawn when ihetcoBcrete has set."
Walla -Walla. The Statesman says :
the milling business being overdone in
Walla Walla Valley, Mr. H. P. Isaacs pro
proposes to remove all the machinery from
his present mill, and if our citizens co
operate with him, will convert it into a
Robert Pentland is putting up a large
flouring mill at the Dalles
A kr-re brick church will bo erectea at
3Jc31innrille tbe coming summer.
yV new steam saw mill has been erected
nar Lebanon and will iae put in operation
in a few davS;
The contract for bwiMing the Albany Col-
ler-e. has been let. iue uuuuug m
completed by October.
Beniamin Simpson, of Marion county, nas
beer- reappwntcd, and confirmed uy me
Senate, Indian Agenx jor uie cuci m.
Tbe steamship llaho brougniup six v,ovus-
wold rams and ewes for .Mr. James iveyes oi
lienton county. Their lieeces were large
Postotr.ee has been established at
Wheatland, Yamhill county. Mr. Hendricks
has received his commission as l osimasier.
So says the Unionist.
The Unionist learns from conversations
with farmers of Marion county, tnat tne
coming harvest there will probably be light
er than for several years;
San Francisco coal dealers ara especially
recomnicndinsr the" Oregon coal. An adver
tisement iu the Times says Coos Bay coal
n'akes no soot and leaves no ashes.
The JJonntaiiesr estimates that something
like 300,000 will be paid to the stock-growers
of the ' Cow Counties" this season for
cattle that will be driven to Eastern Oregon.
Th Capital Brass Band of Salem are
working hard to perfect themselves in the
use of ttseir instruments, says tlie Jfeeieic,
and no doubt will compete for the prize at
the next State Fair.
The Mountaineer says there is eonsidera-
ble improvement troing on at the Dalles in
the way of building iind repairing. One
dwelling ho us is going up that, whea com
pleted, will cost 'io,000
The JMu nti tinker states that two-thirds
of the travel this seuson, so far, has gone to
the John Day mines, adventurers preferring
to risk their chances in these localities to
the Lemhi orMoutana mines.
. N. Cooke, State Treasurer of this State
accompanied by Lis family, sailed bv the
Idaho for Europe. The principal object of
Mr. Cooke's- visit to the" old world is to be
present at the great Exposition at Paris.
We are credibly informed says the Umatilla
Pres, that the Lawrence Brothers have
discovered a Silver lode, on their ranch, on
Butter Creek, in this county. Ore there
from has been sent to Portland lor assay.
The Oreoanian savst during the month of
March just past, the numbers of passengers
leaving tins port b.V oean steamers,, were
51 d. During the same time there arrited by
ocean steamers 1,357. Excess of arrivals,
We learn from the Southern Oregon Press
that a bed of coal has been discovered on
the north side of Bogue river about thirty
miles from Jacksonville. Specimens have
been tried, showing the coal to be of good
The iloun-tixinrer states that Charles Green,
the man who had the small pox in that city
has recovered and gone up the country.
That paper adds that this is the only case of
the disease or anything like it that has oc
curred' at the Dalles.
From January Is-.t to March 15th, Coos
count' sent to San Francisco 1.015 tons of
coal. This at the lowest rates given in the
last trade report will amount to $12,1 80 not
a bad item of income foi a small county, from
a single item iu 45 days.
The Mountaineer noticed a few days ago a
part- of six families with their wagons, fitted
up for thejourney eastward across the plains.
We fear these people never visited " Web
foot ;" if they bud they wold never have
thought cf returning io the East,
The Jacksonville Sentinel says that tunnel
ing in Gold Dill is still progressing with
good prospects of success. The ledge has
been struck again, and the miners are run
ning a shaft from the tunnel to the surface,
a distance of one hundred and twenty feet.
The Lafayette Courier comes to hand this
weak, much improved in typographical ap
pearance, and enlarged. This indicates an
intelligent and reading community iu Yam
hill Co. The county paper should be sup
ported, as a local organ, regardless of poli
tics, so says- the Corvallis Quzet'e, and so
On one cf the P. T. Co'.s. boats, recently
the passengers became aware that there was
a woman with her little boy on bo;n-l, in
very destitute circumstances, whereupon
one of the passengers passed round 44 the
hat," and in a few moments collected 23 for
An officer, acting under the direction of
J. C. Carter, U. S. N., is now at Astoria,
making the preliminary arrangements for
re-anchoring the buoys in the channel of
the river and bar, in puisuance of orders is
sued by the Light-house Board, at Washing
ton, January 'ioth. The work will bo com
pleted at th earliest possible day.
The Oregoruan is responsible for the fol
lowing : Mr. A. Ilinman, lately appointed
Collector at Astoria, is reported to have said
concerning the matter, inon hearing of his
appointment : 4t Well,, iir. Corbeit has prob
ably procured me the place; if so be has
done it without my knowledge or consent,
but 1 am willing to forgive him."
Jacksonville is again assuming a lively
appearance from the number of new build
ings going up, and the numerous other per
manent improvements being made by our
citizens, says the Press. Shade trees are
being pl-anted" in front of all the private
dwelling, which,' with proper care, in a few
years, will make Jacksonville ihe most pic
turesque, of Oregon towns.
Should aiy portion of the daily mall ser
vice between Lincoln and Portland be dis
continued, it would be a great misfortune to
the people along the route, says the Cor
vallis Gazette. The people of Oregon heed
and demand, at the hands of Congress, an in
crease instead of decrease of mail facilities.
And we sincerely hope, that when Senator
Corbett ig released, that the corstrafit may be
let to other responsible parties.
The Review states that the freight ware
house of Uzufovage & Wright, at Salem, has
been extended some fifty "feet. Its dimen
sions as it now stands being 175 feet by
3". Wagons can now drive through the
whole length of the house and deposit their
loads within easy reach of the boats, which
will expedite business in a more satisfactory
manner to all parties than when the Whty
Boat was Hire only store house for freight.
The Board of Directors of the O. C. M. E.
Co., at a recent meeting determined to put
the KKid through to the Deschuites this sea
son. It is thought that money enough can
be coKected from delinquent assessments to
meet the demands of the Company this sum
mer. The Journal says the Company seems
to be -5 a flourishing condition, and insist
that the l oad, be completed across the moun
tains by .the Urst of September next. Mr.
Wm. Pengra, Superintendent, started out on
Monday te commence work. We learn that
the Company will soon offer for sale all their
lands this side of the mountains.
Several .persons not long ago at Albany
went to the house of one M'llwaiu in the
night time, dragged him out of bed and into
the strett, and gave him a severe whipping
with a couple of raw hides tied together.
The reason' for this proceeding was that
M'lhvain was charged with enticing two
little girls into his shop and taking indecent
liberties-with-thei-r -persons. The men who
administered the whipping were indicted for
not, and the jury punished them with a tine
of $50 and costs. That jury could not have
been composed of fathers.
Hon. W. L. Adams, tho Courier sacs, .has
removed with his family back to Yamhill
county, where he intends to reside in future.
Mr. A. was formerly editor of the Argus at
Oregon City, and next of the Statesman at
Salem, and later still of the Astoria Gazette
the publication of which he commenced sub
sequently to accepting the position of Col
lector of the Port of Astoria. Mr. Adams is
a radical, - but a consistent one. At a
time when all his party co-workers in Ore
gon, as well as elsewhere, were vociferating
their opposition to freeing the negro, he con"
tended that it would be done, and that it
would be a desirable consurmition.
Rev. Mr. Earle is of Boston, Mass., a
Protestant clergyman, now in the employ of
the Young Men's Christian Association. lie
has been laboring with marked success in
San Francisco, Marysville, and other places
in California. He does not come' as a secta
rian, but desires the united and hearty co
operation of all evangelical Protestants ia
the great work of personal and vital Christi
anity. His labors have been crowned with
abundant success ia the East, and surely,
44 the field is already white to harvest in
Oregon." The coming week he will preach
in Oregon City.
That a railroad, at no distant dav, will
connect Oregon with the commercial me
tropolis of California, and with the great and
rapidly progressing Centreal Trunk Rail
way, is to us a fixed fact. We know that
there are men who ridicule the idea; but
we have heard such Kip Yanwinkles laugh
before. When a few years ago, railroads
were talked of in the great, fertile West,
these same stationary philosophers opened
their eyes, 44gufl'awe'd ' and passed on. In
a few years the snort of the iron horse
awoke them from their ancient dreams and
many of them footed it to Oregon. Here
they are again in the minority.
The following quotation is. from the Ore
gonian San Francisco dispatch of April 3d,
44 A private telegram recti red- from New
York Saturday states that Imperial Oregon
flour was jobbing in that city, at $1(3, and
that? the entire invoice of over 'Z.OoO barrels
would be easily closed out at $15 50 in cur
rency. Oregonians will feel flattered bv this
intelligence." Flattered? Weil, yes, we
Oregonians not only 44 feel flattered"" by the
distinguished consideration with which the
New Vorkers have received our flour, but
flatter ourxelees that Oiegon has most decid
edly got into the front pew, and that Cali
fornia with her pride and arrogance and
airs in general, is at present only" a second
rate triumph as compared with ns, you see.
44 Jobbing at ltf," is just a trifle higher than
we recollect to have seen even the famous
Santa Clara brands the ne plus ultra of the
(jreat State of California quoted in New
York or any other market.
Under date of March 13th. C. E. W. writes
to the Corvallis Gazette: Thinking that a
line from this quiet village might be inter
esting to some of your readers, is my apol
ogy for the following regarding the progre.-s
of the Temperance cause in Oregon City. I
have visited several of the diflWtcnt Lodges
in the State, but find none of tbetn more
earnest and untiring in their efforts to ad
vance the progress of the holy crusadcj than
the members of this Lodge. Rev. P. S.
Knight delivered a lecture upon the subject
of Temperance, Sunday night to a large au
dience, in which he assumed that alcoho'ic
drink was the head center around which all
the other Sate'ites of injquity revolved ; that
it was a cankerous contamination gnawing
at the vitality, and eating steadily aud
.stealthily away the purity, health, and pros
perity of thousands ; trailing its infections
through our homes, gangrenatiiit, every
thing noble and pure. Although the cane
in some parts of the State is not doing as
much good as it might let us net feel like
Hercules " leaning dejected upon his club of
conquest,' but keep marching ahead, and
soon we may be able to realize lhe exclama
tion of CVsar, to his enemies, 44 J eni Yidi
j - . - "
Eastern- News. We extract from dis
patches to the Orcgonlan, Eastern news to
April 4lh, as follows :
Cincinnati. St. Louis, and other western
cities show Union gains at municipal elec
tions on Monday.
In New York the masons struck for
four dollars aud a half a day and the eight
hour system. The spinners aud carders in
the factories at Lawrence struck for eight
hours a day,
The New York "Republican State Con
vention is called to meot at Syracuse on
April 10th, to select candidates for dele
gates at large to the Constitutional Con
vention. The election takes place on the
23d of April.
The people of Texas, near the border,
are utterly indfferent to the workings of
the reconstruction bill. They profess
more allegiance to Mexico than fo the
United States, and they take more interest
in Mexican affairs.
The Lincoln Monument Association has
organized with Senator Harlan as Presi
dent. Fred Douglas is one of the Direc
tors. Postmasters throughout the coun
try are appointed agents to solicit contri
The N. Y. Times has a
1t'eU.i'jencer regards the
tion as the tujn in the
The Chronicle says the
special that the
Con ne I Lent eiec
tiue of politic,
lesson which it
teaches should not be lost to the Republi
can party. The Congressional loss will
be made up in turn in August.
Calhio dates to March 14-th say religious
toleration was the absorbing topic of the
day. A petition signed by the most influ
ential persons of Calhio was about to be
presented to Congress praying the enact
ment of a measure of religious freedom.
It is doubtful if the measure will pass at
the present session. It is feared the result
would be. a serious revolution.
The debate in the Senate concerning the
Union Pacific Railroad brought out state
ments that work had been suspended on
the road hecatise it wa fow-sd- impossible
to do shallow grading daring the season
of frost. The company has iron enough
on the ground to lay the track from Fort
Laramie across the Plains. They had
been prevented from working in the
mountains in the winter because of the de
lay of the Government to fix the point at
the base of the mountains at which the
subsidy $48,000 per milebegins.
Placards hostile to Prussia and favora
ble to alliance with France, have been
posted about the streets of Luxembourg.
The Prussian commander declared that it
was an insult to his Government. The
Pope agrees to aij.ow Italian soldiers to
enter the State fro help the Pontificial
troops to suppress ferigan&ao. ' A procla
mation has been issued offering regards
for the capture of brigands dead or alive,
and a double reward'tor lhe chiefs. The
Czar of Russia has granted amnesty to the
Frenchmen exiled to Siberia, for connec
tion with the Polish revolution. In the
North. German Parliament the amend
ments to the Constitution providing for
the freedom of the press, and the right to
hold public meetings, etc., were rejected.
A special dispatch says the Presides t has
communicated to the Senate a treaty with
Russia. The hitter surrenders to the Uni
ted States sovereignty over all Russian
America and adjacent islands, and espe
cially includes the strip four hundred
miles down the- coast, excluding British
America from the ocean. The Times savs
a memorial from the Washington Territory
Legislature, dated January. 18(1(1, askiiv
the President to obtain the'right for pui
chase to Eastern Russia, was the founda
tion of the treaty. There is considerable
speculation among politicians to find if
tins cannot be turned to account in tU
" filthy pool." Stevens and a number of
the leading Radicals favor the treaty on
account of its great commercial advan
tages. It is conceded tha t its fate is doubt
ful because of the prejudice against Sew
ard s diplomacy.
Congress.----The House adjourned on
the 30th at noon, until the first Wednes
day in July. The Senate was convened
on the 1st ia executive session. Should
the 1 resident Mtk.e acceptable nomina
tions the Senate will adjourn this week.
Coxxkctjcct. The election in Connec
ticut on Monday last, is claimed by about
900 majority, by the Democrats, for
English Senate stands 11 Republican and
10 Democratic. Tho - f Tri'iir I'll !.,ilv
i Lean. 11 Democratic.
At the residence of the brides' parents in
Oregon City, April 4th, 18G7, by Rev. P. S.
Knight, Mr" ROBERT II. DUNCAN and Miss
IEC5 3X "ELS5o
In this county, on the 2d inst., ROXIE
JANE INCALLS, daughter of Henry Ingalls
aged about 16 years.
At Home Again. The numerous pat
rons of the Premium Artist of Oiegon, Mr.
Joseph Buchtel, will be pleased to learn that
Buchtel ACardwell's Photograph Gallery, so
long and favorably known, si First street,
Poitland, has. again passed into the hands of
Mr. Buchtel, who- is now Proprietor aud Op
erator, lie has recently returned from Sau
Franc-isos, with all the latest styles known to
the art, , and hence is prepared to give the
utmost satisfaction. When at Portland re
gardless of the weather call upou Buchtel,
at his old stand. (14o
Tlie list Reniedj- for Purifying tHe
Blood, Strengthening ths Nerves, Restoring
the Lost Appetite, is FRESE'S HAMBURG
TEA. It is the best preservative against al
most any sickness, if used timely. Composed
of herbs only it can be given safely to infants.
Full directions in French, Spanish, and Ger
man, with every package; TRY IT !
For sale at all the wnolesale and retail
drug stores and groceries. (81
EM1L FRESH, Wholesale Druggist,
Sole Agent, 410 Clay street, San Francisco.
Dr. CHARLES ELACH,
Physician, Surgeon and Accoucheur.
OFFICE Corner of Washington and Front
streets, Parrish's Block, Portland, Oregon.
RESIDENCE Salmon street, between Third
and Fourth, opposite the Plaza. f432.1y
yOOL WANTED !
For which the highest cash price will
be paid, at the store of
J. R. RALSTON,
24.tf Oregon City.
. ' PorlliP La'e-t Sfvle
OF GENTS' CLOTHING!
vi i Go to AeLerman's !
s -4 S "
w -ia ;
1 S 2
18 6 7.
AC KE BIX AST !
Wishes to inform bis Old Friends,
and the public generally that he
has received by the last steamer
A FULL VARIETY CF
S p p i it g Goods!
The Largest Stock that has ever yet come
to this market, consisting of such as
Of almost every kind !
Of the very latest Styles !
BOOTS AXLr SHOES I
In great variety !
2Ie?is, Ladies, Jlfisses and C hildren s
Hats, all of the latest, style for
Also, a well selected stock of Groceries,
and all other goods in proportion. Please
give me a call and examine for yourself. No
trouble to show goods.
VSi wiil sell as cheap as the cheapest.
Charman k Warner's old brick store,
yl) Main st., Oregon City.
N. B. All kiuds of Produce bought.
Selling oif at Cost !
AYING DETERMINED TO
RETIRE FROM BUSINESS!
I now offer mv entire stock of Dry Goods
and Clothing, Boots and Shoes, Hats and
Caps, Groceries and Provisions, Hardware
and Cutlery, Crockery and Glassware, fcc,
Iii Lots to Suit Purchasers !
At Cost! for Cash!
. . . .OR. . . .
Country Produce at Cash prices!
I have made arrangmcnts to close out in
SIXTY DAYS ! POSITIVELY ! ! and my
entice stock must be sold in that time.
CO UNTR Y MERCHANTS !
AND IN FACT ALL !
Are invited to call and examine my stock,
before ma-king purchases elsewhere, and the
will find that 1 am selling goods CHEAPER
THAN X11E CHEAPES2." f
THIS IS NO HUMBUG.!
As you will learn by calling. My invoices
are open to the inspection of purchasers, at
all times. WM. BARLOW.
Oregon City, March lGth, 1867. 21. 9t
W. G. BALLAKB.
EXCELSIOR SODA WORKS
IIALLAKD fc STEPUtlXS, Jroirieti-s.
Ime Brandies, English Ale & Porter, Qham
jpayne C'uUr, Bock. Beer, etc.
A LSO, Manufacturers of all kinds afSyr
ZjL tips, Soda Water and Ginger Pop.
Orders for English- Ale and Porter ifilled
in bulk or bv-the case.
BARLOW & FULLER, Agents,
20:13' Oregon City.
HIGGINS &, GO'S
Home Manufactured Soap.
ON AND AFTERJANUARY 1st, 1S67,
we will sell our Soap at the following
rates, for CASH, only : fa
FA JULY SOAP.
Ter 100 Boxes, or over, at 145 per Box
-60 l 50 "
2.5 1 53
40 Bars, 33 lb. 3 20 " "
20 " 19 1b. iro
"7E w?"""ant our Soap to be equal to any
article that can be imported, and su
perior to many brands that are ofl'ered iu
this market, 1HGGINS A CO.
.No. 8 tront street, 1 block north O. S. N.
Co. s wharf.
Portland, January 1, 1807. flMv
JUSTICES" BLANKS, of every descrip
tion, for sale at the Enterprise office.
Professor A. J. Rutjes,
L 5! t0 receive a number It
Pupu3 at his 1
MUSIC ROOM AT THE CLIFF IIOTp
He will also continue to give instructions n
private residences- No charge for the u
of the piano. My pupils will please give e
notice when ready to commence. S:?9
W. A. ALDRICH- 2. C. MERRILL. JOHN MCRAKES
M'CRAKEN, MERRILL& CO
SHIPPING, COMMISSION AND
A GENTS OF THE . CAIJFORxiA
Hawaiian and Oiegon Packet Lines.
Importers of San Quentin and Carmen
Island Salt, Sandwich Island Sugars, Coffee
Rice, and Pulu. '
Agents for Provost's & Co.'s Preserved
Fruits, Vegetables, Pickles and Vinegar. .
Dealers in Flour, Grair, Bacon, Lard &
Fruit, Lime, Cement and Plaster.
Will attend to the Purchase, Sale or Shin,
ment of Merchandise or Produce in Ne
York, San Francisco, Honolulu, or Portland.
ALDRICH, MERRILL & CO.,
Nos 204 and 20o California Street,
M'CRAKEN, MERRILL & CO.,
16 North FrontStreet,Tortland.
0, D. SNYDER & CO.,
BLANK BOOK "uIANUFAClUEERS.'
Su. 5 AVaslungton Street, 5
BLANK BOOKS RULED and BOUND to
any desired pattern.
MUSIC BOOKS9 MAGAZINES, NEWS
PAPERS, Etc., bound in every variety of
style known to the trade.
Orders from the country promptly at
tended to. C. D. SNYDER 4 CO.
Portland, March 22c 1867. fl-ly'
Administrator's Sale of Beal Estate.-
XfOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN TlLiT BY
ii virtue of a license to mgranted as ad
ministrator of the estateof Thomas Johnson
deceased, b- the Honorable County Court of
Clackamas county. State of-Dregon, at the
April term thereof, A. D. 1867, 1 will proceed
to sell at public auction to the highest bidder
for cash in hand, in gold coin, according to
A. D. Is 67, at two o'clock P7)M. of said day,
at the Court House door m Oregon City,
Clackamas county, Oregon, aftek-said, all of
the right, title and interest of the said
Thomas Johnson, deceased, in and to the
following described tract of land, together
with all the improvements thcroa to wit :
Beginning at the north east corner of claim
No. 4, in Township 3, South Range two (2
East, as designated on the maps of the Unit
ed States Surveys, and running thence along
said North boundary of said claim 36 12-10o.
chains, thence South 42 15' West 23 cham.
thence jsuth 47 45' East, 27 80-100 to the
Easv boundary of said claim, thence alon;
said East boundary North 42" 15' East 46
27-100 chains, thence North 2 SO-100 chains
to the place of beginning, containing 100
acres more or lessthe same beinj a part of
the donation clainiMJescribed in Notihcatiou
No. 10' '2, on file in the-Land OHice at Oregon
City, and the said having been conveyed to
said Thomas Johnson deceased, b3' deed re
corded on pages 400, 4M1 and 4.2 of book C,
of the Records ot DeedJ);f Clackamas county
Oiegon, situated in Clackamas county, Stale
F. O. McCOWN.
Administrator of the estate of Thorua
Oregon City, April Sd, 1S67. 24:5w
List of Letters
"T EMAINl'Mtji- IN "THE POST OFFICE
XV at Oregon Citv, March 31, 1SQ7 :
At Lor. A T
CM oo re, IsaapO
Martin,. J H
Martin, Mrs Uwy
Arthur, Mrs M J
Alverson, J T
Bell & Co, James
Bam ford, E M
MasonBenj II F
Blathcuburger, GW 2 Malam, Jinnes
Burnett, J A
Ballerberry, Mrs II
Bloom held, G D
Booeiiflgton, Mrs H
Bullerkust, C J
Cary, Mrs M J
Crawford, J E
Cox, J W
Clark, Mrs E
Col man, S D
Carter, J H
Morris, .YY m
Martin, John II
Morris, Lafayette '
J ewell, Mrs Olive J
Oglesdy, Rev R C
Vdigo, J II
Pope, J ii
Potter, Miss E
l'ierson, G W
Purvis, P A
Riggs, R B
Rt!ey, Mrs Mary W
Robardeh, Mrs M3
2 Rodes, MartlQ
Davis, James S
Kesley, J ft 9
Davidson, JosephC 2 Ringo, Mrs H A
E Iks worth. S
Rush, J M
Epperson, E Mrs
Ford, J C
Fellows, II C
Ford, James W
Robins, N N
Sharp; G W
3 Stew a, John
2 Stoker, C
r arrow, S F
Foster, M-iss V A
Farkevay, Mrs Jane
Foster, C M
Garlets, Mrs M
Green, M.rs S A
Glaw, John P
Githens, Mar' Arr
Hill, R 9 u
Hass, Miss Marv E
Hartley, Miss bl 4
Huntclv J H
Howell, Mrs A
Hall, Miss M J
Uainiston, Miss B
Jamea, John L
Jacquity, J S
Jones, W A
Jones, G M B
Kandle, Mrs R
Kirk, J D
Kirk, Mrs S C
Kirk, Thomas P
Libby, J M
Lamb, T P
Lacey, Mrs L E
Murray, J A
Seely, Miss Addie
Spears, Mrs Mary
Stearns, S Lvrx
St.John, Charles -Stewart,
(-Smith, S C
Strong, Mrs J
Stearns. S M
Stewart. C E
Sears, Rev A E
Snotlin, Mrs M
Savage, Mrs M
Stone, Mrs Ann
Tuttle, J E
2 Thomas, R R
Tuttle, II II
2 Thomad, Jacob,
2 Thorp, W W
Tuttle, J V
Tuthill, W Ii
Vickers, A J
Vogt, P A
Williams, Mrs E
Wilcox, E B
2 Wells, John
White, G J"
Wilson, W G
2 Wanless, F E
Wanless, W S
Walkley, R S
Wossham, II W
Wyland, G W
EDLON B. KELLY, P. X?