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About Oregon City enterprise. (Oregon City, Or.) 1866-1868 | View Entire Issue (Oct. 27, 1866)
OREGON CITY, OREGON, SATURDAY, OCTOBER 27, 1866
; PCBLISHED EVEET iATCHDAT MORNlrtv
By D. C. IRELAND,
OFFICE : South east corner of Fourth and
Maix streets, in the building lately known
as the Court House, Oregon City, Oregon.
Terms of Subscription.
One copy, one year in advance. .... .$ 3 00
. &" il delayed 4 00
, Terms of Advertisin g.
Transient advertisements, one square
412 lines or less) first insertion . . ,2 50
For each subsequent insertion 100
Business Cards one square per annum
payable quarterly ............... 12 00
One column per annum 100 00
On feif column " 50 00
Onfc artei''' ... ..- 30 00
LHMOvertising at the established rates.
C. JOHSSON. F. O. M'COWN.
JOHNSON & McCOWN,
OREGON CITY, OREGON.
rgp Will attend to all business entrusted
to our care in any of the Courts of the State,
.iiutt mnnw. negotiate loans, sell real es-
X.V'.. J 7 O i .
tate, etc. w1
j74. MITCHELL. J. N. DOLPH. A SMITH.
Mitchell, Dolph & Smith,
Attorneys and Counsellors at Law,
Solicitors in Chancery, and Proc
tors in Admiralty
Office over the old Post Office, Front
street, Portland, Oregon. (ly)
Main Street, one door north of the Woolen
Oregon City Oregon.
Wm. Barlow, Proprietor.
The proprietor, thankful for the continued
patronage he has received, would inform the
public that he will continue his efforts to
pleast his guests. (52
West Side Main Street,
The Proprietor would inform the public
that he still continues the manufacture of
Uread, Pies, Cakes, Pilot Bread, Boston,
Butter, Sugar and Soda Crackers. In addi
tion to which he will keep constantly on
hand a large stock of the best staple and
family groceries, provisions, etc.
JOHN SCJ I RVJVI
Manufacturer and Dealer in
SADDLES, HARNESS, d-c , t-c,
Main street, between Third and Fourth,
THE attention of parties desiring anything
in my line, is directed to my stock, be
fore making purchases elsewhere.
(If) - JOHN SCIIUAM.
VV. B. PAKTLOW'S
Livery, Feed & Sale Stable,
Main Street Oregon City.
rrUiE proprietor, after an experience of
I fifteen years feels his ability to serve his
customers in a satisfactory manner, and still
continues to let horses and carriages on fa
vorable terms, also to feed, buy, sell or ex
change horses. (ly)
DEALER in BOOKS and STATIONERY.
Thankful for the patronage heretofore re
ceived, respectfully solicits a continuance
of the favors of a generous public.
His store is between Jacobs' and Acker
man's bricts, on the west side of Main street.
Oregon City, October 27th, '00. (tf
Main Street, at the Telegraph Office,
Oregon City Oregon.
Cigars, Tobacco, Pipes, Stationery,
Cutlery, Willow and Wooden
Ware, Yankee Notions,
Fancy and staple Groceries, Candies, Nuts,
Toys, etc. (52
SMITH & MARSHALL,
JBlack Smiths and Boiler Makers.
Corner of Main and Third streets,
Oregon City Oregon.
Blacksmithing in all its branches. Boiler
making and repairing. All work warranted
to give satisfaction. (52
h.w. ross, m. a,
PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON.
(Office over Charman Bros., Main st.,)
Oregon City ly
Dr. F. Barclay, M. B. C. L.
(Formerly Surgeon to the Hon. II. B. Co.)
OFFICE: At Residence,
Main Street (52) Oregon City.
PHYSICIAN aud SURGEON.
"OFFICE In J. Fleming's Book Store.
Main street, Oregon City. (52
CONTRA CTOR and BUILDER,
Main street, Oregon City.
Will attend to all work in his line, con
8stng in part of Carpenter and Joiner work
iraming, building,etc. Jobbing promptlv
uiienaea to. (52
Front Street, Portland. Oregon.
if Plans, Specifications, and accurate
woiMiig drawings prepared oa short notice
-alter the latest approved style. (ly)
.HE MARCH OF LIFE.
t marching! Who are marching ?
e children by the way,
v. ong the dusty wayside,
They are treading day by day :
And the heart of earth is throbbing.
With the music of their feet,
Up time's stern and rugged pathway
Like a lar off echo sweet.
They are marching! Who are marching?
Youth in might, and manhood's prime.
Golden visions beckon onward,
Joyous hearts beat measured time;
O be wise, bright gems that glitter,
Earth born treasures soon decay, -Let
the goal be ' life eternal,"
And thy labor " while 'tis day."
They are marching! . Who are marching?
Just adovvn life's sunny slope,
Aged footsteps slowlv falter,
Rett of strength, but calm with hope;
Just beyond the light is gleaming,
And the race is almost won.
Courage, twilight shades shall gather,
Golden with the setting sun.
We are marching, we are marching,
From the cradle to the grave,
And we may not cease our journey
Slay not stay time's rolling wave ;
As our path is ouward ever,
Let our course be upward, too ;
Dark the skies and rough the weather,''
Angel nngers beckon you.
The Oregon Central Railroad.
We take pleasure in notinr that
there seems to be a general anxiety
upon the part of the people to take
hold of some means to develop the
in erior of the State. The Straight
Jacket, which the Constitution im
posed improperly enough a few years
ago, is now felt to be an obnoxious
barrier to the healthy development
and prosperity ot the Slate, and many
plaus are being suggested to avoid
the stringency with which it prohibits
the State from aiding works of in'er
nul improvement. The most hopeful
of success of any of the railroad en
terprises now before the people ofthe
State, is doubtless the one lately pro
jected by the ' Oregon Central Rail
road Company, the articles of incor
poration together with the name? of
the incorporators given below :
Know all men by these presents, that we.
by associate ourselves together as a private
incorporation, under and by virtue of the
provisions of the General Incorporation
Laws of said State.
1st. The corporation hereby created shall
be known as the " Oregon Central Railroad
Company," and its duration unlimited.
2d. The object and business of the incor
poration shall be to construct and operate a
railroad from the city of Portland through
the Willamette Valley to the southern boun
dary ofthe State; under the laws of Oregon
and the laws of Congress recently passed,
granting land and aid for sucU purpose.
3d. The corporation shall have its prin
cipal ollice in the city of Portland.
4th. The capital stock of the corporation
sh ill be five million dollars, divided into
general and referred inteiest bearing stock,
in such proportions as incorporators, or
Boaid of Directors, may deem proper.
5th. The amount of each rduu e ofthe cap
ital stock shall be one hundred dollars.
6th. The termini ot the railroad proposed
to be constructed by said company, shall be,
for the northern end, the city ot Portland,
and for the southern end, at some point on
or near the boundary ot the State, as may
be hereafter determined by actual survey.
In witness whereof we have hereunto set
our hands and seal, this day of September,
A. D. 1806.
. S. Smith, I. R. Moores, J. II. Mitchell. E.
D. Shattuck, Jessie Applegate, F. A.
Chenowelh, Joel Palmer, II. W. Corbett,
S. Ellsworth, E. R. Geary.
By an Act of Congress, approved
July 25th, 1860, twenty sections of
niblic land per mile, have been do
nated hy Congress to aid in the con
struction of a railroad from this city
to the southern boundary of the Slate
the land to be selected within thir
ty miles of the line of the road. A
oint resolution is now pending be
fore the Legislature, if it has not al
ready passed, designating the above
named company as the corporation
which shall receive ana manage tnis
and grant. This land, if all secured,
nd it is believed that ad or most
all of it will be found, will constitute
a security for the basis of the Com
pany's bonds in the Eastern money
markets, and will enable it to raise
money there, after the work is com
menced here, no matter what we in
Oregon may think of the present val
ue of the land grant. But in addition
to this grant from the general gov
ernment, Oregon herself must do
something for the enternrise. By
the terms of the grant the company
cannot iret nossession of anv Dart of
the land donated, or in any way de
rive any benefit from it, until the first
section of twenty miles, commencing
at the northern end, has been finished
aud put in operation to the satisfac
tion ofthe Government Commission
ers appointed to inspect it. It will
cost from twelve to fifteen million
dollars to construct a rai.road to the
southern boundary of the State and
probably ab mt four million to build
it lo the head of the Willamette Val
ley, which last portion will pay divi
dends as soon as it can be finished.
The money to accomplish so large a
work as this cannot of course be
raised in Oregon or even on the Pacific
Coast. We have not even the mon
ey to build the Willamette Valley
portion, so greatly needed as it is, or
even one half of it : but there can be
no question bat the State, and the
towns and counties of the valley are
able to secure the interest on at least
two million dollars of the company's
bonds. The State is abundantly able
to take at least one-half of this sum,
while thft incorporated towns and
counties of the valley conld make up
the interest on another million among
them. This is the true way to ren
der assistance to all such enterprises
While the annual interest on these
sums would be a small matter to the
whole masses of the people, acting
through their Stats, county and town
organizations, it would be a large
matter to a railroad company in the
infancy of its organization and earn
nigs ;? while the principal sum of the
bonds, payable all at once wrou!d be
a heavy matter for the people to pay
at any time yet in twenty years the
railroad company will have grown
strong enough in the development of
the country, and increase of its earn
ings to easily float a bonded indebt
eciness representing the entire cost
of the whole work. In another view,
this plan of rendering the enterprise
the needed aid, recommends itself to
the consideration of the Legislature,
viz: that it is a matter which will
benefit tiie whole State, and all the
bitants... Nine tenths of the pop
ulation of the State live along the
general route of the. proposed road,
.and while money thus invested by
the State might not benefit the peo
pie of Eastern Oregon so much as
those west of the Cascades, yet if it
is shown that any aid rendered by
the State will not increase the rate
of taxation in the aggregate, there
can be no reasonable objection urged
from that quarter. While it is the
interest of all to have, the railroad
and trie increase of values, business
and property which it will bring with
it, it w. u d not be the inclination of all
to aid it from their individual purses;
and because a tax, which would fall
equally on property, to aid the enter-
prise, is tie just one Icr aiding it,
therefore it is the one which should
It may be suggested that the Con.
stitution even interposes objections to
this, but after investigating the sub
ject we are ot the opinion that there
is no barrier to aiding the matter, in
! this direction. When the subject
was before the Legislature two years
ago, ii was preuy tnorougniy investi
gated, and the Legislature concluded
that it had the power to levy a tax
ami appropriate the same towards
paying the annual interest due from
the railroad company, and in pursu
ance of that view a bill was passed
into a law unich provided a fund of
200.000 in the aggregate, in five
annual installments of $40,000 each.
This off r on the part of the State
being entirely too meagre, the com
pany which was incorporated in this
city at that time to construct a Wil-
1111117111 f I 'I J IlttlllV'WU VJIA IW tl W I
A AA r,rt art
C'tit the oiler. Since that time the
i . . r c! . e r rr
I .lut.s. hit nre or triA St:te nt I : liform:i
passed an act agreeing to pay interest
a. r,n rrf e . u r i o c
n $1.5()0,00f of the Central Pacific
, T . j .l
iailroad Company, and the Consti-
t; an road Company
tution of that State being similar to
our own on that subject, the matter
was brought before the Supreme
Court of the State of California in
order to test the law, and after a
lengthy discussion by the ablest law
yers in that State, the Supreme Court
power to grant the aid ottered, and
that therefore the law was a constitu-
tional enactment. We hope to be
ii. ,, i . 'f i
able to publtsh a synopsis of that de
: e a . 1
cision in a few days.
The. niWinlA nf aw no- nnn n
pi ooi mtiiiii t L'ev;itn iha iu niu 111c
i .., . -j ,
ruiii uau uuuipauy uy I'".v "'S ",l(rlr81
ta hnnflc Kiii.r rUnftrl Iw tha
.. .:i 1 i, . ;.,,.t
. ri ifo Iwnlw
Stoto u o nctn cpp tin reason whv tht
Legislature should not authorize the
incorporated towns, cities and coun- l,,luin
ties to use the same principle, .nd A,r- Nlcho,S aert of,one of fur
render all the aid which in their col- co'"Pmes engaged in the manufac-
lect.ve capacity they might be able nre of repeat.ng nfls, has just left
r J here, having had communication with
4tt , 'u t nioinfura the Government with reference to or
We hope to see the Legislature T
i t 1 1 r u - .i ders for a supp v of these arms. io
take hold of the matter in earnest and -
. , o. . i contracts have yet been made, as the
enable the. State to do something to- J .
, , . . i , l moment of greatest exigency is sup-
ward- developing our vast and huh- fo a
. r posed to be passed. An American
erto unknown resources. It will be J, . r
, P r Company is about to establish a man
the making of Oregon over again, . y J . , r
, i c . . j , i , ufactory, in which this class of arms
and be the first step towards that .,. ,J' , , . . .
udicious action. It will double the
J , , c q,. .
tax.ible property ot the estate, and
1 r t j 1
permit a reduction of the rate of tax-
I . ' . j , . . . t .
ation instead of increasing it. Let
the Letris ature promptly second the
... , j f un r ,Qn,i
liberal donation from the General
Government, and we are assured that
the company which has been , .nc..r-
porated to construct the work w l
eneretica ly push it forward to final
The extent of land under cultiva-
tion m x ranee has increasea in pro-
inhabitants, and the number of hec
tares under cultivatin amounted to
5,999,376, whilst in 1861 the popns
lation had increased to 37,386,000,
and the number of hectares cultivated
From a return just presented to
Parliament it appears that there are
fifty townn in Ireland, with a popula
tion of upwards of 3,000 each, which
are unrepresented in Parliament.
The total rateable valuation of Ire
land is 13,000,000.
lation of Salt Lake is be
ino- ereatlv aoornented by miners
Idaho and Montana.
The Pulse. ; ;
The action of the pulse will be of
much interest to our readers. It
probably is not known to many that
the pulse of a female' exceeds in fire
quency that of a "male from ten to
lourteen beats per minute.
Many circumstances influence its
action, such as muscular exertion,
mental excitement, the state of the
digestive organs, and the position i f
the body, wliether ly ine, sitting or
standing. Muscular action and men
tal excitejivent, as also the process of
digestion naturally increase it, it be
ing much quicker during the process
of digestion' that when digestion has
In healthy males, from twenty five
to thirty ears of age, the average
of the pulse per minute, in a standing
position, is from 79 to 81 ; sitting,
from 79 to 91, aiid l ing down, from
66 to 67 making a difference of
from nine to ten beats between stand
ing and sitting, from four to five be
tween silting and lying, and from
thirteen to fourteen bents between
standing and lying, In healthy fe
males of the same age, it will be
found to be 81 to 91, standing; 81
to 82 sitting ; and 80 to 81 lying.
Ttie variation in the different positions
is produced by the muscular action
induced by the change of position.
At the different periods f the day
the pulse varies, as, for instance, in a
healthy person it is most frequent in
the raornjr,g, and gradually decreases
towards evening. After excitement.
the diminution is greater and more
regular in the evening than in the
m0rninii. Food has the same effect
on it at these periods, for in manv
instances, the same food that will in-
crease its amount and duration in the
morning will, in the evening, have no
Uffect whatever. Durini: the hours
Gf sieep there is a irreater diminution
Th follnwW thl',-iU show its
variation at different periods of life,
m childhood than in
age, and gradually u limnisning
as we grow older
Beats per minute.
Newlv born infant ISO to 140
During the first year 115 to 130
During the second year 100 to 115
During the third year .t0 to 100
At the seveuth year 85 to 90
Age of puberty 80 to 85
Manhood 70 to 82
Old age 50 to 65
American Industry and Inven
tion in Europe. The Paris corres
pondent of the X. Y. Times says :
Our countrymen carry their enter
. , It.
" ," , . , ' ,
I itv of our skill is acknowledged, as
J o '
we are constantly having evidence.
Mr. Gooual , agent of the Amerie;
, XT ...
Bank ISote Company, has just coi
eluded a contiact with the National
Bank of Tuscany for a large quantity
of Notes, of the denomination of two
and ten francs, to be furnished with,
in the short space of three months.
The National Bank of Tusc-ny will
probably be consolidated with the
National Bank of Sardinia, and the
. fatuf..if ion ini'iin hi. Mir n ri rr im lilu
. ? . , J ..
specimens of bank note printing will
fbatIy obtain for our engravers
large orders to bo n eo in the future,
. . , , , . .
Within a week past, gold has been at
I " w-m
wiiu a "i eai ueinanu 101 nuirs wi
t cm.i I Hinn gy- i nn 1 1. , .1 e
The price of
11 " i
K'd IS ICSS
now, and small bills, for
the convenience of trade, are much
tu?llt Jor at
about the same pre-
nmtit in Js a-1 1 r.-rlioirl
ihe Austrian Government has or-
dered from the owner of the patent
. 0 . , , . 1 f
in England a large number of the
American Spencer breech-loaders,
Mai. Huse, formerly artillery tflicer
J T , J
,ltlT nQ rha linn tho .wr ) i f rt ThP
cifed at Paris andondoP for
of arms-has gone to
XT. t c . -n t- i .
dirpft nt Vienna the construction of
a certain proportion of the guns.
their love is generally more strong
and sincere than that of tha young
milk-and-water creatures, whose
hearts vibrate between the joys of
wedlock and the dissipations of the
ball-room Until the heart of the
young lady is capable of setting firm
ly and exclusively on one object, her
love is like a May shower, which
makes rainbows, but fills no cisterns.
The marble beds of Kansas are
immense. The marble is reached at
a depth of from twenty to a hundred
feet below the surface throughout a
larcro extent of country. Finished
specimens have been sent to Wash
of ing ton, whf re it is decided to be ot a
I nnerquaiuj iian any roreign mini,
life in Hotels vs. Life at Home.
The introduction of coffee into'Eu
rope in the seventeenth century was
soon followed by the establishment
of places where the new beverage was
retailed to such as conld afford it,
much in the manner that beer is now
sold in the German shops or "saloons"
at this day. These coffee houses soon
became very, popular in a 1 the large
cities, and ultimately, in London and
Paris, came to exercise a marked in
fiuence on the political and literary
opinion of the day. They furnished
a rendezvous for the notable and
witty men of the metropolis, who dis
cussed familiarly the new publica
tions, criticised public characters and
measures, and thus iu some sort t r
ganized and led opinion at a time
when newspapers were not known
beyond their incipient 44 news letter''
form, and when public discussions on
current topics were not tolerated.
While the coffee houses thus furnish',
ed a vent for the expanding thought
of the time, it is a remarkable fact
that they largelv abated the tendency
to intemperance by substituting fr
strong drinks the innocuous exhila
rant that is now common at every
breakfast table. The coffee houses
were ultimately displaced by the
English " club'' or French salon as
social and intellectual c litres, just as
these have in turn been rendered
comparatively unnecessary by the
moaern newspapei, cheap books, and
the privilege of holding public meet
iugs; but the influence of coff-e
houses on mind and manners was Ion
felt, and constitutes one of the most
curious chapters in the history of in-
tellectual development durng the
seventeenth and eighteenth centuries.
We have nothing at all analogous
to this influence in our time, consid
ering it exclusively as a social farce,
except the great hotels that have
grown up m all American cities, and
in some ot the cities of England and
Europe. Originating in th plain inn
or tavern, designed for the temporary
accommodation of travelers or for
the enjoyment of convivial guests,
they have assumed palatial charac
terisMes and have come to supp'e
ment or supplant private dwellings
as permanent abiding places for a
large and growing class of people,
who prefer to have everything done
for them and all housekeeping cares
taken off their hands by contract, at
so much a week or month. At one
of these hotels, which ma) be tenant
ed regularly by a large number of
families, you are upholstered, fed.
wined, newspapered, amused, attend
ed, without concern except as to how
the bills shall be met. If you wish
to make a neighborly call, you have
but to step bareheaded into the next
room, or go through the next passage
way. If you want society and music,
you have but to lounge in the parlor.
lou play billiards in a crowd, drink
iu a public bar, read at a general file,
and dine at a mass meeting. The ad
vantages of the hotel system seem at
first enormous. An English period
ical sums them up as follows :
" You pay no rent, sitm no leases
or agreements, you have nothing to
do with taxes, no servants' wages, no
butchers' bills. You have no trouble
in engaging servants, in drilling ser
vants, iu getting rid of servants. If
the pipes be frozen in the course of
a hard winter, or if they happen to
burst when the said winter breaks up,
they are no business of yours. The
young man does not call to speak to
you about the new kitchen range, nor
does the gasman wish to see jou in
the hall relative to the state of the
meter." Then, what you want is al
ways to be had. You want a bottle
of soda water the last thing at night ;
you are not told that there happens
to be none in the house. You want
a sandwich in the midd'e of the day;
no uncompromising servant informs
you that "there is no cold meat in the
house." You want a basin of broth,
and you are not Obliged to wait till
the next day for it. You want to
know where somebody lives; there
is the last Postoffiee Directory to re
f t r to. lou want a messenger : he
is ready in the hall. You have a tel
egram to send off; here is a form
and in another moment it is despatch
ed, tor all these advantages you
pay one weekly bill. When you
think of the number of bills to be
considered once a week bv anv hmse
keeper, the file of little red books o
be gone through by some trustworthy
person r other, this seems something
more than a small advantage. A
check is drawn once a week, and al
is over. Rent, taxes, wages, hou.se-
keeping, are disposed of in five mitt
utes. If the check in question do
sometimes strike one as rather large,
it is but f ir to comider how very
much it represents."
Resides these minor conveniences
the hotel is sought, in America at
least, because it enables many per
sons to maintain a style of living
hich, in private, they could not af
ford. An application of the associate
principle, under the management o
a shrewd landlord, puts within their
reach more costly upholstery, richer
carpets, a better servta ana more
varied cuisine than they could sup
port enfamille. But, after all these
apparent economies, what a waste
does hotel life make of all the finer
social instincts and all the sweeter,
mor retired joys of social intercourse!
How it saps he virtues U.at origin
ate in the private household ! How
it dissipates health! How it de
stroys the pure ideal of home ! How
it blights womanly modesty and di
vests childhood of its simplicity ! The
unmarried or the childless may pass
thiough the ordeal of hotel life com
paratively . unharmed, but there is
nrthing in it that can compensate
families for the loss of those restrain
ing and refining iufluences which Vie
long alone to domestic life. All the
flash, and glitter and excitement, the
extravagance in diess, the broadness
of manners, fh fondness for display.
the spify scandals, that characterize
these showy caravansaries ot modern .
fashion, are a natural outgrowth of
the diffusioi. of wealth among the un
cultivated. Thy indicate the un
healthy cravings of minds lacking in
ferior resources. The modem hotel!
is an admirable temporary substitute
fr home, and can he availed of for
what is best in it, when it must be,
with advantage and without demoral
iz.itioti ; but every American who is
anxious for the growth of a strong,
manly, healthy National character,
must deprecate the growing tendency
to prefer hoti 1 to domestic hfe. The
preference is altogether abnormal and
mischievous, a no we can trace to it
much of that domestic infelicity which
is oflen asserted to be peculiarly
common in the unsettled Society of take the first ride aloi.e. and the time
our new State. Nine times out otWoily come when I should lsk back
ten it will be found that there is more
eco.tomv and more genuine comfort
in maintaining one's own private
home, than cat be found under the
brilliant veneering of the most sty-l
lish" hot 1. We want simplicity of
character, modesty of taste, quietness
of manner, as essentials to a truly
refined society, anil these can be cul
tivated with success only at home.
The typical woman who is to be the
future Mother of America cannot be
formed in six story palaces; she
must develop in the private dwell
ing; ami even now, the gaudy dahl
ias ot hotel lite, staJely but scentless,
can well be spared for the sweet vio
lets of domestic retirement. Bulletin.
Not a Christian, but a Baggage-
mast ifR. An accident recently haps
pened to a train on the Atlantic and
Great Western railroad The bag
gage master sat reading at ihe time,
)ut perceiving by the motion of the
car that a great danger was threat
ened, he attempted to jump out, when
ie was unfortunately caught between
two boxes, and bud ly jammed. He
was taken out iu an insensible condi
tion, and hting laid upon the ground,
an attempt was made to revive him.
which proved successful. As he
open d his eyes to a consciousness of
things, a clergyman stepped out from
the circle which surrounded him, to
offer prayer for his cmpl te restora-
tion. He kneeled down by the side
of the victim, but, before he proceed
ed with his work of mercy, he in
quired, ' Are you a Christ iau 1" 4N,
sir," as emphatically as his weak con
dition would allow; I'm a baggage
master on the Atlantic and Great
Western railroad." Nashville i?-
New Adaptation of Fibrous Ma-
V I I I
terial It has long Deen Known inai
the stalk of the cot ton plant contained
a fibre not unlike toarse fltx, but it
is only lately that this fihre has been
wrought into practical use. It has
been found by actual experiment that
120 pounds of stalk, when steeped
and dressed with nnchinery similar
to that used fjr fltx, will make 40
pounds of thread suitable for weaving
bagging and other coarse cloth . A
joint stock company is being got up
to establish a mill in one of tht
Southern States to carry on thi- new
manufacture, which it is to be hoped
will lie successful. It any lucky in
ventor could discover a method of re-
duccing cotton sta ks t pulp, and
making it either alone or mixed witn
rag pulp, ino paper, he would make
a fortune. Newspapers, book makers.
and fifty other trades, are dependent
on paper; and while the demand for
their productions increases rapidly,
the supply of the material enlarges
A flock of alpacas, purchased some
years ago, by the Australian Gov
ernment, was sold in June. The
government discontinues the ex eri
ment of breeding and acelimitation,
and.it now passes into private hands.
The results are said to be satisfactory;
the animals increasing rapidly and
being in healthy condition.
An English journal sas : 'The
first delivery of the new breech-load-ers
for the army is due at the war
oEBceon the 4th of August. The in
stalment is small, being only loo.
The issue will, nowever, soon, averagej of wujcu ,,unibtr Donizetti aJoue h
1,500 to 2,000 a week. 'written more than '70.
The first Locomotive in Amtiica. ,
Major Horatio S. Allen, tbe En- 5
gineer ot the New York ai ti Erie !
Railroad, in a speech made at a re
cent festival 'occasion, gave th fl
lowing interesting account of the first '
trip made by a locomotive on this
continent: " . hen was it? Who
was it? And who awakened its en
ergies and directed its movemen-f? .
It as in the year 1823, on tl e
banks of the Lackawdeii, at the com
mencement ot the Railroads connect
ing the canal ot the Delaware and
Hudson Ca .al Cr patiy with their
coal mines mi he who addresses
ou was the only person on that In -Comotive.
The circumstances which
led to my being alone ou the engine
were these: The road had been
built in the sum.er. The structure
ws of hemlock timber, and rails of
large oiuieti-iona iMtohed on -sips
placed far apart. The timber had
cracked and warped from exposure
to the sun. After about 300 feet of
straight line, the Lack iwa.ien creek
on trestle, work about thirty feet
high, with a cure ol 355 to 400 feet
radius. rl he impression was very
general that the iron moniter would
either break down the road or it
would leave the track at the curve
aud plunge it into the creek. My
reply to such apprehensions was that
it was too late to consider the proba
bility of such occurrences; that there
was no other course than to have a
trial made of ihe strange animal,
which had been brought here at great
expense; but that it. was rot
necessary that more than one should
be involved ill its fate: that I won d
to the incident with great interest.
As I placed my hand on the throttle
vaivtt handle. 1 was undecided wheth
er I w uHi move slowly or with fair
degree of speed; bnt believing that
the road would prove safe, and pre
ferring, if we did go down, to go
handsomely, and without any evis
deno ot timid. ty I started with con
siderable vel.-city, passed the curve
over the creek safely, and was soon
outot hearing of the vast assemblage.
At tae end of two or three miles 1
reversed the va ve and returned with
out accident, having thus made the
first railro d trip by locomotive on
the Western Hemisphere.''
Lost Arts In regard to colors,
we are far behind ihe ancients. N -ne
of the colors in the Egyptian paint
ings of thousands of years ago are iu
the least faded, except the green.
The Tyrian pnrpule of the entombed
city of Pompeii is as fresh today a
it was 3.0'l0 years ago. Some of
the stucco, painted ages before the
Christian era, broken up and m xed,
rt vealed its original lustre. And
yet we pity the ignorance of the dark-
! skinue.i children or ancient Egypt.
The colors upon the w lis of Nero's
festal vault are as fresh as if painted
yesterday. So is the cheek of the
Egyptian prince who was extempo
raneous with Solomon, and Cleopa
tra, at whose f-et Cajsar laid the
riches of his empire.
Aud in regard to metals. The
edges of the statues of the obelisks of
and of the ancient walls of
are as sharp as if but hewn
yesterday. And the stones still re
main so closely fitted that their
seams, laid with mortar, cannot be
penetrated with the edge of a pen
knife. And their snifice is exceed
ingly hard so hard that when the
French artists engraved two lines
upon an obelisk brought from Egypt,.,
they destroyed, in the tedious task,
many of the best to-ls which could
be manufactured. Aud yet these
ancient monuments are traced all
over with inscription placed upon
them in olden time. This, with oth
er fact-of a striking character, proves
that th y were far mere skill d in
metals than we are. Quite recently
it is recorded that, when an A-neri
can vessel was on the shores of Africa,
a son ot that benighted regi;i made,
from an iron hoop, a knife, superior
to any on board ofthe vessel, and
another made a sword of Damascus
excellence from a piece of iron.
Fiction is very old Scott had his
count rparts 2,000 years ago A
story is tolii of a warrior who had no
time to wait fo the proper forging
of his weapon, bnt seized it red hot,
nide forward, but found to his sur
prise that the cold a;r had ten peid
his iron into an excellent steel weap
on. The tampering of steel, there
fore, hich was new to us a century
since, Was old 2,0( 0 t srs ago.
Ventilation s deemed a i rv mod
ern j.rt. But his is mt a f .ct, for
apii lures, unquestionably made mr
the purpose of ventilation, are found
the pyramid lombs of Egtt.
Yes, thousands of ears ago, the bar.
barous pagans went so fr as to vni
tilate their tombs, while we y ct
scarcvly know how to ventilate our
Since 1842 there have been 889
operas and ballets con-posed in li;.,v