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About Oregon sentinel. (Jacksonville, Or.) 1858-1888 | View Entire Issue (Dec. 23, 1882)
Saturday, December 23, 1882.
THE COIL RCKVICE Iti:iOKM KILL.
The Senate has, for tho most part of
the week been engaged in the discus
sion of the civil service reform bill.
The principal provisions of this bill
are, that those government offices
which are filled by appointment shall
be under the control of five commis
sioners. These cominisiioners bhall be
appointed by the President, bj and
with the advico and consent of tho
Senate, shall hold their offices for six
years and not more than three of them
shall be from the same political party.
Candidates for appointments, within
the power of the commissioners, shall
be subjected to a competative examin
ation, of such a character as will
best determine their capacity to dis
charge the duties of the positions for
l:rwlich the apply. Members of Con-
gresiighaH "have no1jcontroi-ovcr api
irt&will'be oald for by the' com
missioners, -These -are a few of the
leadinc features of the 'bill as it nowj
Btands, but as there are many'tunend
raents, teing proposed, most of them
designed to weake'n'the measure, there
"may bo niany changes in it before its
final passage. There is a strong dis
position on the part of many Democrat
ic Senators to obstruct the bill by
irrelevant objections and immaterial
amendments and thus secure its final
dofeat. They want the offices as a
campaign fund for 1881, and are loth
to part with so great an incentive to
Democratic success as the liberal prom
ises of office. Already, the rank and
file are begining to inquire what is the
use of befng Democrats if they are not
to got the, offices. Senator Yoorhees
lifted up his voice in the Senate the
other day pnd sent out a few sentences
of his foghorn eloquence to console
the expectant throng of hungry Demo
crats, lie is opposed to this bill, lie
is in favor of civil service, reform but
lie wants to vait nntil the Democrats
turn out all the Republican officers
and tlicn reform tho service so as to
keep his party tools in place. There
are, be it remembered however, a good
many Democratic members who, so far
as appearance go, at least, are in real
earnest in this civil service reform
business and to them all praise is due.
Meantime, the country i3 nailing
and ready to confer the crown upon
whoever serves it eo faithfully and
ably as to furnish a practical system
of civil service reform, without waiting
to enquire tho nature of his political
SlocU anil Corners.
The Senate Committee on stock
jobbing, this week examined Jay Gould
and Rev. Henry Ward Beecher, .as to
their knowledge and opinions upon the
question of dealing in futures. Gould
thinks that on the whole, tin effect of
dealing in stocks is to bring money in
to the country and thus do a real
seryice and stimulate commercial ac
tivity. He says ho thinks corners in
grain, benefit the farmers by raising
the price of their products, and is gen
erally the worse for those who make
them, for they are tho men who lose.
Ho says he would not believe future
gpeculationgambling, unls3 the legisla
ture called il such.
The Rev. Beecher, says it is morally
wrong of course, to deal in futures but
it it is not half so bad as church fairs
and religious lotteries. He says there
are othor much more immoral practices
which demand legislation before stock
jobbing, and does not think legislation
practical. A congressional committee
which could not framo a learned and
interesting report after listening to the
opinions of Gould and Beecher had
better resign their seats and go home.
If they could only have the opinions of
the Rev. Talmage now, ns the basis of
a minority report, tho farce would be
A novel provision is that in the
new Criminal Codo of New York
which provides that any person con
victed of an attempt to commit suicide
shall bo fined $1000 and bo imprisoned
two years. Tho only way for New
York suicides to make sure of escaping
the penalties of the law is to make the
attempt a success. Another section of.
the law, provides that intoxication
cannot be pleaded in defense of crime.
The star-route jury has been sworn
and the-case is now being opened by
the attorneys. Let us hope that when
the case closes the guard at the p7n
itemtiary may be invited to open an
iron door for tho accommodation of
eomo of tho thieves.
The New York "Sun" has discovered
unmistakable signs of an uprising in
favor of Lincoln for President in 1884.
The Washington atmosphere is full
of rumors of cabinet 'changes soon to
About 13 per cent of the people of
the United States, above ten years of
age, can neither read nor write. The
ability to read and write, though it
does not indicate a very high order of
education, does, establish the fact that
some educational progress has been
made and i3, perhaps, the fairest test
that is practical in estimating the in
telligence, or rather lack of intelligence
of a country; and it is the one adopted
by the census bureau at , Washington.
In England nearly 33 per cent, of the
population above ten years old are un
able to read or writo In France 30
per cent and in Belgium 20 per cent.
In Denmark and Germany and a fen
of the other countries where compul
sory education is regularly enforced
the per cent, of ignorance is very much
lower than in the United States. Any
comparison with other countries, es
pecially thoso named, is unfair unless
it considers several circumstances which
contribute largely to make up our per
cent of ignorance. In tho first place
ali the negroes are taken into account
Inhna" mg the estimate. A large ma
jon.yVof these can neither read or
wriiDand their poverty, and lack of
ability to acquire education, conspire
to render their progress in this direc
tion rather slow. So that, although
nearly twenty years have elapsed since
their emancipation, tho per cent, of ig
norance amongst them .is still very
large. Another element which adds
materially to our per cent, of illiteracy
is tho immense influx of ignorant
foreigners who are constantly pouring
in upon us from all parts of the world.
Again, tho vast extent of territory
covered by the United States, should
be considered in making tho compari
son. Many parts of our country are
new and thinly settled and free schools
have hardly obtained a fair footing.
When all these circumstances are con
sidered the comparison cannot but
place this country, in the matter of
primary education, fully abreast of any
other Nation. But there is no reason
why wo may not, and will not event
ually, become the most generally edu
cated nation in the world. One of the
greatest draw backs to general educa
tion is the struggle for existence. In
the older countries this struggle is be
coming more difficult each year. The
children of the ) oor, instead of being
sent to school, aro sent to the work
"hops and factories to earn their own
living and assist in the support of the
family. But tho conditions of life in
this country lifts us above tho necessi
ty of such extremes. Every able
bodied man in the United States may,
by sheer force of muscular exertion
support hjmself and family and gener
ally afford his children the advantages
of a common school education. Tho
comparative ignoraneo of the white
population in the various states exhib
its an astonishing difference ranging
all the May from seven tenths
of one per cent, in Massachusetts, to
thirty one and two tenths per cent, in
North Carolina. Tho next lowest to
Massachusetts is Maine and Connecti
cut each with one per cent, and tho
next below North Carolina is Georgia
which has twenty three and two tenths
per cent. The per centage is much
higher armngst the Southern States
but, sinco the abolition of slavery ig
norance has been steadily on the de
cline. It is noted as a singular fact
that while foreign immigration has
uniformly raised the per cent of ignor
ance in the Eastern and Northern
States it has always reduced it in the
Southern States. On the whole,
though there is much yet to be desired
in tho matter of popular education in
this country, much has already been
accomplished; and the continual
and steady growth of our common
schools, which are fast increasing in
number, and improving in efficiency,
is full of promise for the future.
The majority of- the -joint com
mittee to enquire into the condition
and wants of American ship-owning
and ship-bnilding interests has rec
ommended tho plan suggested by the
Board of Trade of San Francisco. The
plan is, that whenever any vessel shall
be constructed in this country for the
foreign trade, in whole or in part
of materials produced in the United
States, the owner of audi vessel shall
be entitled to collect from the United
States a sum equal to tho duty which
would have been collected upon im
ported material of equal quality. Under
this arrangement a vessel can be built
and equipped in tho United States
as cheaply as in any other country.
This plan, in the opinion of the com
mittee, will remove the chief obstruc
tion to ship building in this country
and result in & revival of our ship
building and ship-owning interests.
Hon. Godlove S. Orth, Republican
member of Congress from Indania, died
at his home in Lafayette on the 16th.
The cause of his death was blood pois
oning which resulted from a cancer
from which he has suffered for many
Tho Democrats have decided to op
pose tho admission of Dakota as a
btate. This opposition is purely a
matter of party policy, becauso Dakota
will bo a Republican state. There is no
doubt that she is entitled to ad
mission. Yerily thisis a fine specimen
At the recent exammination for the
degree of Batchelor of Arts be
fore the London University seventy
three per cent, of the female candidates
were successful while only forty two
per cent of the male candidates were
able to pass. And yet, there are peo
ple who think woman aro intellectually
inferior to men.
Governor Colquitt of Georgia is the
eighth Senator already chosen of the
twenty-six whose terms begin on March
4, 18S3. The-other soy en arc: Randall
L. Gibson (D.) of Louisiana, who suc
ceeds Kellogg; James E. Wilson (R.)
of Iowa, who succeeds McDill; H.
Riddloberg (Readjuster) of Virginia,
who succeeds Johnston; Joseph N.
Dolph (R.) of Oregon, who succeeds
Grover, and L. Q. C. Lamar (D.) of
Mississippi, Henry B. Anthony (R.)
of Rhode Island and James II. Beck
(D.) of Kentuckoy who succeed them
selves. Two important amendments to the
post office appropriation bill have been
proposed. One provides for the dis
continuance of the fast mail services.
The fust mail was introduced for the
special accommodation of a small sec
tion of the country, and has been man
taineu at crcat exnense. It never
suouiu nave Deen Degun anu tne sooner
it is ended the better. Tho other, pro
vides that thoso railroads which have
received government aid in their con
struction, shall be paid fifty per cent
lefs than other roads for the same
There is ene item in the"'recent
treaty with Corea which should be
carefully watched, when the matter is
brought before the Senate. It is that
of premitting the Coreans the right of
unlimited emigration to this country.
It is thought that certain sections of
the treaty .confer this right upon the
inhabitants of Corea. If this is true,
it behooi es our Representatives to be
especially active in so guarding these
sections as to prevent such emigration.
The Coreans are very like the Chineso
and the country is really a dependency
In 1830 a treaty was signed be
tween the United States and Great
Britain known as the Clayton Bulwer
treaty. This treaty provides, that
neither Great Uritain nor the United
States, "will never obtain or maintain
for itself any exclusive control over tho
said ship canal" nor will "ever erect
or maintain any fortification command
ing the same or in the vicinity thereof.
In view of this treaty, which is still
in full force, the proposition now pen
ding in Congress, to pledge the credit
of this government to the extent of
575,000,000 in support of a
ship canal is sheer nonsense. So
long as this treaty, exists this govern
ment could exercise no control' over
tho canal. The first thing to be done
is to secure the abrogation of this treaty.
Theforeign Affairs committee arecon
siderig the question of abrogating the
Hawaiian Treaty. The committee
has decided to take a final vote on the
question early in January. . The proba
bilities nowaro, that it will recommend
the abrogation of the treaty. A dele
gation of eastern sugar dealers are hard
at work to secure this result thongh
they are expecting opposition from
the Secretary of State, whom the com
mittee has called upon for an opinion
on the matter. The eastern sugar
dealers have been aroused to action by
the recent appearance in their mar
kets, of several cargoes of Spreckle's
sugar. Sir Claus has rather over
reached himself in the matter; as, not
being satisfied with a monopoly on this
coast, he has endpavored to reach unto
the pockets of eastern merchants, and
has probably killed the goose that has
so long laid such enormous golden esgs.
Cincinnati Ohio has, for several
weeks, been suffering from small
pox. It has been unusually severe,
and the number of deaths reported
exceed anything known in that city
for a great many years. A system
of compulsory vaccination .has been in
augrated but, as usual, this expedient
has been delayed until it is of little
use. This city supports a flourishing
anti-vaccination society. I is strange
that such a society, which flourishes
upon the trumphery eloquence of a
few cranks and the foolish fears of
people who accept a risky theory rather
than plain pracitical facts, shonld ex
ist in such a city as Cincinnati. Yery
little attention, however, is paid to such
societies until tho terrible epidemic
appears and its members pay their
lives as the penalty of their credulity.
Jf this were the only evil, one might
find no great fault with it, but the
disease is thus given greater holt in
the community and thereby perils the
lives of others. These societies ought
properly to be called "societies for the
sprpad of small pox and the peopling
The oldest Institution of Learning on the
. j Pacific Coast.
350 STUD2NTS AND 2G PROFESSORS AND INSTRUCTORS.
F LIBERAL ARTS, with
Art and Scieutffi
MEDICINE, Portland, Oregon.
. WOMA NT,3OLLfc.GE, with Conservatory ot Music and Art Department.
. uxvaEitv.vnjjii ur jiuoiu. wun
red ana lateen nipiisin music last year.
5. University Academy, with the four preparatory courses for the College of Lib
eral arts, and licJdr a thorough Business Course of two years, and a Teachers' Course
of three years, fo which diplomas are given. Painting, Drawing, Decorative Art and
Arcnitectural JJftiung are laugui in tne Art
A lady's boar) and 'uition, a school year, in the "Woman's College, with everything
furnished excift towels, napkins, sheets, comforter and pillow-slips, will cost but
$18o, payable ne weeks in advance.
A gentlemanS board and tuition, in the University Iwanling rooms, with the Presi
dent, for tho eaufc time, will cost 144, the student iurnijhing his room with necessary
First term begiis September 4, 1882. 1 Third term begins January 29 18S3.
Second term boins Nov. 13, 1882. Fourth term begins April 9! 1883
Twenty-two uiw and decant rooms arc
and will le reaft' for students liy firUterm.
i-end Tor catfsguc and information to
July 20, tmq
always Curos and never disap
points. Tho -world's great Pain
KcUcvor for Il.-va. and Beast.
Cheap, qnicL: and reliahla.
i - -
is not Narcotic. Children
grow fat upon, Mothers like,
and Physicians recommend
CASTOItIA. It regulates tlio
Bowels, curc3 Wind Colic,
allays Fovcrislmcss, and de
WEI DE KETEP.'S CA
TARRH Cnx-o, a Constitutional
Antidoto for this terrihlo mala
dy, by Absorption. Tho moit
Important EisooTory sinco Vac
cination. Other remedies luay
rciiovo Catarrh, this cures at
any stago hoforo Consumption
ftHE S. F.
UOTEU THE MAXAGEMEXT OF
LSTTLB & CJBSASE,
WILL BE KEPT "WELL STOCKED
with the choicest
Gent's Furnishing Goods,
risking tackle, die.
And everything usually found in a first
class variety store.
Our goods are the best and gurnmtecd
to be as represented. Piices low. as we do
not proprosc to lie undersold.
LITTLE & OIIASE.
Free to Everybody!
A Beauti ful Book for the Asking!
By applying personally at the nearest
Office, or THE SWJEIt MANUFACTURING CO.
(or by postal card if at a distance any
adult person will bo presented with a
beautifully illcstratcd copy of a New
Story of the Sewing Machine,
containing a handsome and costly steel
engraving; frontispiece; also, 8 finely en
graved wood cuts, and bound in an elab
orate blue and gold lithographed cover.
No charge whatever is made for thishaud
some book, which can be obtained only by
application at the branch and subordinate
olliccs of The Singer Manufacturing Co.
The StaKtr Jlanufcatiirin: Co.
Principal Office, 34 Union cquarc
A SURE CURE GUARANTEED.
DR. E. C. "WEST'S nerve and brain
treatment, a specific for Hysteria,
Dizziness, Convulsions, Nervous Head
ache, Mental "Depression, Loss of Memory,
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which leads to misery, decay and
death. One, box will cure recent eises.
Each box contains one month's treatment;
ono do'lar n box, or six boxes for five dol
lars; sent by mail prepaid on receipt ol
price. We guarantee six boxes to cure
any case. With each order received by us
for six boxes, ar companied with live dol
lars, we will send the purchaser our writ
ten guarrntce to return the money if the
treatment does not effect a cure. Guaran
tees issued only by
woodard, Clarke & Co.,
"Wholesale and Retail Druggists, Port
Orders by mail at regular prices.
Classical, Latit., Modern Literature and
now bcinc added to the Woman's Colleire.
T.D OS. VAN SCOT, President,
GIVEN BY THE
MADAME HOLT'S HALL
Monday Evening, Jan. 1, 1883.
Frank Kasshafer, Fred. Grob
Adam Schmidt, Fred. Luy.
Committee of Arrangements.
Frank Kasshafer, It. AVirson, Fred. Grob,
Chn. Wintjen, G. II. Young.
Tickets for adult"!, $1 So each ; children
under 12 years, of age, 50 cents. Every
body is invited to attend and the com
mittee will spare no p.iins in making it
the grandest affair possible.
There will be a grand masquerade pa
rade on the streets of Jacksonville during
PIONEER HARDWARE STORE
BIIiGER & MjEGIiY
Dealers and Workers
1U, BRASS & COPPEUWAUE.
WE ALSO KEEP constantly on baud
a first class assortment ot
Job Work a Specialty.
Prompt attention given to
all orders from auroacl.
OUR MOTTO IS
"Live and Let Live."
Call and examine beforo purchasing
elsewhere. BILGEU & MEGLY.
Happy Jack's Saloon,
U. S. HOTEL BUILDING,
The undersigned takes plcasnro in in
forming the public that he has opened a
place of refreshment in the U. 8. Hotel
building, where he will be pleased to have
Ins triends call and "smile." The bar will
be kept stocked with the best of wines,
liquors and cigars. No pains spared to
J. B. MONTGOMERY.
ROSTIUL, F1SDER & CO.
MANUFACTURERS and importeks op
33 and 35 Battery Street,
SAN FRANCISCO, CAL.
Represented Tnj N. KOHN-
JOHN MILLER, - Proprietor.
DEALER IN ALL KINDS OF AGRI
cultural implements, tools of all
kinds and a general assortment of shell
lie also keeps the largest slock ol, and
all the latest improvements in
GUNS AND PISTOLS,
AND A FtTLL ASSORTMENT OF
powder, Shot, etc.
AND ALL KINDS OF OIL.
Give him a call and examine his stock
before making your purchases.
This space is reserved for
Universal Vegetable Punacea
Of concentrated extracts selected and com
pounded from among the many Herbs
and Plants of
Nature's Great Botanic Garden
For the speedy and permanent relief of
the most hopeless cases of
DViPKPSIA, JAUNDICK, CHILLS AND
I'EVKIl, DIMMIT KUKIJ IHOKSTIO.V,
SOUK JJELCIIIXO OF WIND AND OA3 FltOM
Sick Headache, Constipated Bowels and
General Debility, and all other diseases
arrising from a bilious state of the stom
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- FOR SALE EVERYWHERE -a
Redington & Co., San Francisco, Agents
for tho Pacific Coast,
Dated Jlay 27. 1882.
CO S rn ! 5'Pl
rvi fan c o
S - ra R
IT 3 W H
l ' Cc4 o M .
O fa a p
Otld Fellow's Building Jacksontillt, Oregon
DEAL.BR AND "WORKER IN
TIN.SHEETIRON, COPPER, LEAD"
A FIRST-CLASS STOCK OF STOVES
POWDER OF EVERT DESCRIPTION
Fuse and Caps,
WOODEN Sl WILLOW WARE,
Shot, Srnshs, Chains, Soso
I have secured the ervices of a flrt-claw
Mechanic, and am prepared to do all repair
ing promptly and la superior style.
N CONNECTION WITn THE AliO
1 I am rcceiriue snJ have comtantlj
hand a fall and first-class stock of
DUT-OOODS, GCM BOOTS, TOSACCO
HEADY MADE CLOTniNO,
GLASSWARE, CROCKERY, 4.
,S3-Ever) thing sold at rmsrnable rates.
Jacksonville. Marsh. 9. 1878.
RE AMES BROg.
Jacksonville, - - - Oregon,
ReGncd C. Sugar per bbl per lb .15
" D. " " " " .HJ
No. 1 Island sugar " " .H
Costa Rica coflee best " " .15
" " " No. 2...." .14$
Tea best qua'ity M " .62$
Tea choice '. " " .50
Salaratus " " .12$
Soda " .12$
Black grain pepper " " .25
J. B. Pace, best twist " " .71
1. B. Pace, 1 B) lumps " " .70
Lorillard bullion " " .75
BOOTS AND SHOES.
Kip California made and
stamped per pr 51.00
Kip Cal. inado it stamped . " " 4 50
it i it ii best ii ii 5 00
Calf " " ' " best " " 6.00
Ladies calf shoes " " 2.25
" " "... " " 2.00
ii ii ii ii ii i rK
Ladies foxed shoes best . . " " 2.50
" " ' 2nd.. " " 2.00
' 3d... " " 1.50
Children's shoes, prices in proportion.
Cabot A. muslin ..per yd .10
' W. " " .9
Lonsdale bleached muslin " " .12$
White roch muslin " " .12$
Gladiator muslin " " .12$
Red bank muslin " " .10
Fairmont muslin " " .10
Cotton batting per E .25
Ladies dress goods from 12i cts per yd
Clothing cheaper than tho cheapest.
Nails per keg $ 7.00
Long handled shovels 1.00
Handled axes 1-75
X cut saws per foot , . . .60
Vitriol per lb .15'
Grind stones per lb. ...... .. . 6J
OILS AND PAINTS.
Castor oil No. 1 per gal . 2.25
Coal oil per 5- gals 3.50'
Coal oil per 5 gate 2d quality 3.00
Turpentine per gal 5.00
White lead, Atlantic per ketf. 3.00
All goods- in stock prices ab
Eemember that it takes the
to buy at tliese prices.