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About Oregon sentinel. (Jacksonville, Or.) 1858-1888 | View Entire Issue (Oct. 11, 1873)
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JACKSONVILLE, SATURDAY WTOBER,.!, 1873.
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'ADDISON C. GIBBS,
CODNSELOU AT LAW, AND U. S. DIST.
W1I practice in all Courtn of Record In Ibc
cwic, nun ity tiiikicuiiir ftiieuuuu ui uufinrpp
ia Ine UoitcU Stales Courts. oct2G.72ly
C. W. KllILKR. E. D. AVATS0X.
KAHLER & WATSON,
l t toraoy m - .-t-Xio.-c7-
OF f ICE: Opposite the Ciurt Iloxss.
WILL practice in all Court of this Stite;
obtain Patents for all clnt-a of pulilic
landf, koth minimi and acrirultural: attend
promptly to collrctious, and attend to alt Coun
ty and 1'robate busiueM.
Jackeonville, June 17, 1671.
a. H. AIKEN, M. 3D.,
Physician and Surgeon,
. Jacksonville, Oregon.
OFFICE in the old Over beck Ilofpltal.
DR. L. DANFORTH
HIS LOCATED IN JACKSONVILLE AND
oOrr bit profeffional rtrriccs to the pub
lic Office in Catou's niw building. adjoiuTng
ilyan'a brick or at rcfldence on Tbiid ctrtct, op
postte and weft of the Methodist Church.
December 28. 1872tf.
J. N. BELL, M. L,
Jacksonville ----- Oregon.
Will practice In the several branches of his
profession. OFFICE on corner of block juPt
north of the Court House.
Jacksonville, Feb. 17 1872.
It. W. JACKSON DENTIST,
AIUItIm nf Pint. Work mJt. such as
Cold. Silver, l'Ullna, Alumulum noil nU.bcr. f prcitl
ttrntl.m glwi to Chil Ircn Teeth. Mlroua Oxldt
LuiChlnt Ow) utd Tar paliilr.l tltliiclloii of
'reeth. 3rWill Tl!t KiliUnil mnnnalljr on the lit of
Ut?b alio, Kerlorvlllo on tbe Mirth Momk) in Uetvlier.
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WILL PRACTICK IN ALL OF THE
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Office 323 Four-aud-a Half Street, Wash
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A, W. GAMBLE. M. D-,
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OFFICE J.XD RESIDENCE,
N OREGON ST., TWO DOORS SOUTH
or xadun Uoli'a Hotel. rlSnZi
Salo til Bxoh.aiL;i
KUBLI & WILSON,
THE proprietors have recently purchafed tht
above well known stand, situated on the
California and Fourth Streets,
Where the very best horses and buggies can be
bad at all tiroes, at reasonable rati. Their stud
or roadsters cannot be equalled iu the State.
On reasonable terms, nnd the best care and
attention bestowed upon tbcmubilc under theii
HORSES BOUGHT AND SOLD.
Being satisfied that they can give salttrac
tiou, the proprietors solicit this patronge ol
Jacksonville. June II. 1870.
On Oregon street, Jacksonville.
Manning &Ish, Proprietors.
Resprclfuully inform the public that tbey
have a One stuck of
HARNESS, BUGGIES & CARRIAGES
and I am prepared to furnish iny patrons, and
the public generally, with as
As can be had on the l'aciflc Coast. Saddle
horses hired to go to any part of the country
BOUGHT AND SOLD.
Hordes Iroke to work single or double. Ilor
ses boarded, und the btst care bestowed upon
them while in my charge.
CSf" M'J Tems are teawiablc.
A liberal hare of the public patronage is
MANJJ1NG & ISH.
Jacksonville, July 15, 1871.
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AMre4 WOOD S HOUSEHOLD MAGAZINE.
.E.:!U0IES,rcKis5;er. Stirburb, 5. X.
Last Speeches of the Modocs.
On the Wednesday preceding the
day of cxecntion Mn Heckenburg,
Chaplain, and Donald McKay, Inter
preter, visited the condemned, and held
an interview with the them. Jack made
them a short speech as follows;
"A long time since I wag a good
man and was willing to forgive all the
injuries ot the while man, but the
whites m.ido my heart black and 1
have been a bad man since, and have
done bad things. I would like to be
On ".Thursday Gen. "Wheaton, llev.
Mr. ileckenburg and a number of
officers, reporters, and cuiliaus, were
present at an interview with the whole
tu elve prisoners confined in the guard
house. 01ier C. Applegate and Dave
Hill, sub chief ot the Klamaths, were
interpreters, and the interview was one
ot the most interesting character. The
Chaplain ltrtt made an impressive ad
dress, which w.is interpreted to the
prisoners, explaning the foundation of
the Christian religion, and showing
them tli.it contrition and repentance
would lead them to the Good Spirit
who uas l.ither to red and white men
alike. Then, at the request of General
Whealon, all but the bis doomed Indi
ans were removed to their cells- and
the Chaplain announced to them that
they had but one more night to live,
and that by command of tbe Great
White Chiet they were to die to-morrow.
Capt. Jack and Seouchiu were
J mostly affected. The former trembled
from head to toot, and the latter sat
twitching at his fingers and moving
from side to side. Black Jim, SIoluz and
Bjrncho compressed their lips tightly
together, gazed wildly about, as it
hardly realizing the terrible fact, and
their faces were blanched like ashes.
Boston Charley, the boy fiend of the
party, sat perfectly unmoved, chew,
nig tobacco with the greatest uncon
cern. His indifference u as not assumed,
but real, and his subsequent speech
shows that lie had the nerve of a devil.
Alter a few moments ot painful t-ileiice,
Capt. Jack spoke and said : " 1 am
not a bad man, but have a good heart
and was always friendly to tho whiles,
I tried to keep peace and opposed the
murder ot the. Peace Commissioners.
Bogus 'Charley was tneTnatnrtnT-rrp
lluenced me. He was a traitor to both
hides. He lied to both sides. He lied to
Gen. Caubv and me. I would like to
see him. Bogus Charley and Hocker
Jim are the leaders who instigated this
thing. I want to tell you all in my
heart and leav c nothing unsaid, I know
that Shackuasty Jim killed General
Canby and shot many citizens, and
Boston Charley shot Dr. Thorn is.
Bogus Charley had planned the killing
of both General Gillem and General
Canby, but General Gillem failed to
come out aud he was much disappoint
ed. One of the warriors, named George,
was killed in the lava bed. IIu was
able to control some of the boys.
When he died the boys would not
listen to my adv ice."
General Wheaton then desired to
know what the Modoc theory was;
why they determined to kill the Peace
Commissioners, and it they thought
that then the Great White Chief in
AVai-hington would withdraw the
Jack replied : " I aked thoe who
instigated the murder what effect it
would have. I wanted peace. They
said they were not ready lor peace,
but gave no other reasons. A long
time ago the whites gave me advice,
and gave me a paper, and after the
fight at Lost Biver 1 was forpeace, but
the young men who had killed the
people on Lost Kiver were against it.
I was willing to make peace any time.
I did not counsel the other bands to
go on the war path against the whites,
but two other bands, the Hot Creeks
and Combatwas, came to me and made
my heart sick, as they were determined
on filtinp. After I surrendered and
was brought to lu. Llamath I did not
think I would be punished, as I wan
not the instigator of these things, and
thought I had come here to live with
Gtneral Wheaton then directed him
to be informed that his people would'
be taken to a comfortable place by
order of tho Government, and asked
what particular Indian ho desired to
take care of his family.
Jack replied : "I cr,n think of no ono.
I am a good man and I do not want to
By direction of the General he was
informed that his family would be
allowed to come nnd spend the day
with him. Jack said he was anxious
to know if General Wheaton could
entertain the idea ot his living. The
General replied the President's order
would be carried out.
Jack then said : "The Great Chief
is a long ways off, and there have
been representations made to him, and
that if he would come and talk with
him face to face ho would let him live."
General Wheaton, through the inter
preters, then informed him that the
Great Chiefs children were numbered
by millions, and that he could not see
ibem all, but, relied on the word of
eood men, in whom he had confidence.
Jack continued : I do not ivant 6
talk much.Jbut would like to have raj
death postponed until the subject ot
my talk ,today can be beard by the
Great Chiet In making my speech to
day I on!ymentioned Bogus Charley,
Hooka Jim, and those who instigated
the murder of tho Peace Commissioners,
but Scarfaced Charley is a bad man
and was always ready for any enter
prise daring the War."
rJack-was then informed that the de-
tationQttne iresident.Jwas novtiasuiy
given, uat alter careiui aeu Deration.
Jack .said : "I know, judging by tho
delay, that he was not hasty in the
matter, and Lthink he would wait for
my speech of to-day."
General Wheaton desired him not
to expect any encouragement, but to
think over what the Chaplain had told
Jack replied : "I know what the
Chaplain told me is good, and I would
like to follow his advice. If I was peri
mitted to live I might have time to
become a good man, but the thing that
is uppermost in my mind is to see
Bogus Charley and Hooka Jim."
The General then said he would
give him an opportunity, but advised
him not to spend his last few moments
in angry altercation.
Jack then said: ''It is terrible to
think that I have to die. When I
look at' my heart I would like to live
till I died a natural death."
He was then informed if he w ished
any thing during tho day to ask for it,
and that his family would be sent in to
At this point Black Jim, Slolur and
Barncho desired desired to be heard,
and they were allowed to speak. Slo
lux said :
" I want to talk something. White
people call me George. I was arrest
ed, ironed and chained under misrepre
sentations. My child died yesterday,
and lam here in the guard house, un
able to be with the mourners. Show
me a man w ho will say that I was pres
ent at the time of tbe massacre. I
would like to know who tho witnesses
were .who testified acainst me. Per-
hans it was Riddle's wife. I nm inno.
cent.- ivtook no part in the murder of
iija-joajjmmraaonersand I am
here on representations ofTobv. -I
say this before the representative of
the ureal spirit. 1 told Capt. Ander
son it was wrong to keep me in irons,
but he did not understand."
Barncho then said: "I am an inno
cent man. I also told Capt. Anderson,
and my idea is that I should be outside
instead ot tbe men who really killed
Gen. Canby. I was not there till the
killing was done, but was some distance
away, with the other Indians."
Gen. Wheaton told him that though
h may not have been present he was
accused of bringing three rifles upon
the ground. Barncbo replied that that
Black Jim said: "I see many people
here Gen. Wheaton, and people with
paper to record all I say. My heart is
very good. I always was on hand in
the war to do my part. In the first
fight I was shot through tbe body by
the soldiers. When I was a little boy
I was always knowii to tell the truth.
I was long lying at the point of death
and not much on tho war path. I do
not insist, like Capt. Jack, on bringing
in other men, but speak in my own de
fense. My heart tells me I'm a strong
man. I can take care of the Modocs if
Sconchin and Jack are executed and I
should bo left. I am afraid of nothing.
If I have been guilty, and thu law
chiefs decide so, I am willing to die."
' General Wheaton remarked that the
6rcat Spirit man had advised them to
ill jeel in the same way. Boston Char-
ey was then afked it he had anything
o say. lie said :
, "You all know me, Boston Charley.
During tho whole war I had two hearts
one Indian and one white man. I'm
a boy, and yet you all know ot what,
'in guilty. Although T. am a boy, I
le-ei mat i am a mail, tv uen x iuok ai
the others I feel that they are women.
When I die and go to the other world
I dou't want them to go with me. I'm
not afraid to die. I am tbe only man
in this room to-day. I fought in the
front ranks; Hooka Jim, Bogus Char
ley and Shagnasty Jim fought with me,
and they, too, are men, and I feel that
I am not a half woman. I killed Gen.
Canby, assisted by Steamboat .Frank
and Bogus Charley. Bogus Charley
said at the time; 'Do you think these
Commissioners mean to make peace ? '
I said yes. He said, 'I do not believe
it, and I will lead them into a trap and
kill them.' Then I said. 'I will fro with
you.' Capt. Anderson was present
when Bogus- Charley came into Gen.
Canby's camp. 1 would like to see all
of my people and bid them good bye;
would like to go to the stockade to see
them. It I wero to criminate other
Sarties it would not help me. Captain
ack has implicated others, but I see it
would bo too late. I know that oar
chiet men, CapU Jack and Sconchin,
-were not, at the bottom of that affair
Ithat they did not take as prominent a
part as some younger men. t I am
youngj know bnt little, and.' cannot say
much. I only know whatil see with
Gen. Wheaton then asked: "P'td not
General Canby make yon1 presents and
treat you kindly? Why "did yda kill
him?" He replied:
"The presents had no influence. We
thought General Capby wished to lead
us into a, trap. Our hearts were wild-"
Gen. Wheaton "I did not come here
to blame yon, bnt to hear any explana
tion you had fo make."
-i- Boston then continued:." After; the
young men decided on the murder 'of
the Commissioners I told. Bogus I was
afraid. He said, 'Don't be afraid, fori
can kill them all with, my own hands.',
Then I said, 'I will go'with you,.' Capt,
Jack said nothing in camp, but When
it was decided on he said lie would go
to the ground and try to prevent it.
The bbject of Bogus Charley going1 in
was to disarm the General of any sus
picion. Toby (Riddle's wife) under
stood thero was a plot on hand to kill
the Commissioners. Bogus Wanted'tof
get all four, but Gen. Gillem failed to;
come ; and when Dyar was seen com
ing in his place it was decided lo kill
him. Toby said to kill the four. Bo-
gus said to her to 'go with me to Gen.
Canby's tent. That was tho evening
before the massacre, I am telling what
I know to be true; nothing more. I
Captain Jack "You see that Boston
has made an open confession, aud that
it was not roe, buf the younger men,
who took part in that affair. My heart
was always good towards the whites,
and I wanted to make peace with them,
but my young men were against it and
I could not control them. My opinion
has been that when the evidence came
out Hooka Jim, Steamboat Frank, J3o
gus and Shacknasty would be arrested
aud tried. They deceived Gen. Canby
and always took part in anything that
was wrong. I would like to make
friends with Gen. Wheaton, consider
ing both parties wrong, and hate, the
really guilty parties punished. I have
always had a good heart towards the
white people, aud have now. Searface
Charley is a relative ot'rnide Worse
than I am and I propose to make an
exchange and turn him over to lie exe
cmeaiu my -placed
General Wheiton iotTJaclTtihrwoni
was good before this trouble. Scon-
chin was asked if he had anything to
say. He replied : "You all know I
have always been a good man. Never
was a time long ago but that I wanted
a white man's heart and took his ad
vice. I sent my son to Yainar, and he
made him a home there, aud was satis
fied. Boston Charley told the truth, to
day when he called me a woman. I
never received a wound previous to
this war, and was always a peace man ;
but there were always some young
men whom we could not control.
They said if the- wanted to kill whites
or Indians they would do it. I sat in
my tent during the fight with Major
Jackson and took no part, but here I
am now in irons, and teel to day that
ray young men put them there. I
have always tried to be a good man,
and have always given ray young men .
good advice, and was always ready to
shake bands with white men when tbey
came into my country. But here lam
in irons, and am .condemned to die- I
think I should not be executed, but I
have heard the words of the good man
who has talked to us and am willing
to die and go to my father in heaven.
My father lived here long ago, and I
have always thought that I would like
to see him in the spirit land. If I die
now perhaps I will see him with the
Great Spirit. Perhaps the Great Spirit
will say. 'Sconchin, my law which .
is iu lorce among the whites has killed
you. I cannot accept of you.' It was
not in my heart to do wrong but I was
led off by my young men. Perhaps I
was insaue. You have tried the law
on niQ andjkuowrw'hetheri ornot I, am
a good man. Hooka Jim was anxious
to try his skill, and I remonstrated
against bis murdering the citizens.
When evidence was sent back to the
President he formed the opinion that I
was a wild savage Indian, and did 'not
know that I used my Influence to pre
vent the young men from doing such
great wrongs, and it is hard for me to
have to die. The Great Chief at Wash
ington has to depend on tho.evidence
ot others, and has formed the opinion
that Sconchin is a very bad, man. 'But
the Great Spirit sees my eyetyand my
legs with the irons on them, and knows
whether or not. I am a very bad man.
I will try to believe that the President
did according to the Great Spirit in
condemning me to die.
I take that as
truth. You all sec me to-day. I am
firm and do not cry. I am not a child,
but a woman, and will try to nnder.
stand that it js right for me to. die.
But Heave my son and I hope he will
be allbwed to Tetnamiri'this country
and be a' good man: I'wish to leave1
him in the care of my-brother, the old
Chief Sconchin, at Yainax.-f
Gen. Wheatoc-"Your brother is here,
and I wifl endeavor to 'carry out your
Sconchin-"LhaVe alwavs rpmrded
the young men of the Modoo tribe as
mycmiarcniA)t.me dta-as-the result
ot their conduct. I leave four children,
whom I would! Tike to have placed ia
the care of niy brother.''
' Geu: Wlieaton "Your ctiildrPn will
be brought jn to see you to-day.
Scoucbiii-"My heart tells me 1
should not die. Xou,arodoing a great
wrong to take my life. 1 was an old
man, 'and toolc no active part in the
war; but the young men who killed
citizens and soldiers should be cxecu'
tecL (To dayJ.,tell Geu. Wheaton that
I think myself a, good man. I never
wanted to steal horses and other prop
erty lrom the whites. I have nothing
more to say about the bbys who killed
the citizens, .but J have an interest ill
them, ,and, if tbe law does not takev
hold of them perhaps it is welL Thev
may yet become good men. When L
look back over the liistory of the Mo
doo war it seems to me that Stipt.
Odeneal ia at the bottom of the trouble;
When he' came to Linkville and sent
Ivan Applegate to us we did not get
to' sec Odeneal himself. If be bad
come 'and told us to go to Yainax I
believe we would all bavo gone there.
He is indirectly the man who killed
Gen. Canby and caused all the blood
shed. When Capt. Jackson came to
Lost RiVcr to take.us onto the Reser
vation he came with guns presented,
and our fiery young men said. 'All
rightJ You have now beared my ver
sion of the first fight on Lost River.
It may be right and may not be. Many
citizens before the war bad made false
charges against the Modocs had told
these lies at Yreka, Ashland and Jack
sonville aqd this caused Odeneal to
come. War is a terrible thing, and
we see the effects ot it here to day,
when we lbok at these chains and irons,
I do not say that the sentence is not
risht, but after our retreat from thu
Lava Bed I thought if I came in and
surrendered I would be protected. I did
not think I would be put jn cbainn.
But when the Great Spirit looks down
on me to-day perhaps he knows his
law has been tried on me and that thu
sentence is just. If I had blood on my
h'ands, as Boston Charley has, I could
say the sentence is 'just. But I will
say mottling 'against the decision, or
aik that the Hne'tJercrosaed which the
Presidty 'has drawn. You ara the law
making power and I am the prisoner,
and I must try to think the decision u
correct. If I felt as Boston (Toes I
would have but little to say. I am
done. I have made a straight speech,
The Great Chiet is a long way off. If
1 could see nim tace lo face ho might
listen to me, but it is just the same as
it I was at the bottom of a long hill
and ho ,on top, and I" cannot see him
He has made his decision, so let mo
die. I have talked much to-day and
you think I believe by talking I can
escape the penalty, but I think no such
thing ; there is no way of crossing tho
line the Great Chief has drawn. When
I saw the young men taking the lead
I did not' think I was a great criminal.
I do not talk to save myself, but that you
may know my heart. I am not atraid
The Chaplain then offered up a fer
vent and eloquent prayer and the in
terview was ended. It bad occupied
tour hours and three quarters' and"was
of the most iuteresting character. It
was strange to see the eflect of tbe dif
ferent speeches, and the different de
meanor of the captives, on the audience.
Scarcely a man entered that room
without a certain amount ot pity and
admiration for Capt. Jack, who should
have died a chief ; scarcely a man left
it without contempt for him. He nn
doubtelly showed the white leather,
and when we wero about leaving he
beckoned to Mr. Applegate, the in
terpreter, and begged to know if there
was not a baro possibility of General
Wheaton's considering the proposition
to substitute Searface Charley for him.
Sconchin should go down to posterity
as the real chiet ot this baud. He ot
tered to die for tho misdeeds of his
young men, and never begged once for
a life he knew was justly forfeited.
Boston and Black Jim hay o also shown
considerable ot that Indian Btiocisni
so much written of, and it must be
confessed that they presented a bave,
courageous spectacle in comparison
with their acknowledged chief.
Admitted. Even by the evening
Democratic paper it is admitted that
part ot Nesmith's Wednesday evening
spocch was too ''obscene" io be report
ed. While that paper is confessing,
it may be well to say plainly, that it
was tbe filthiest speech that ever offend
ed decent ears in Oregon or anywhero
Tub Oregonian turn away from
Hiram Smith, art upright, pure man,
and urges the election ot J. W. Nes
mith whoso speeches sufficiently re
veal his character' pretending that it"
must do this, or be a "bigamist !"
The trouble is, that paper has bcconia
a Democratic organ.