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About Oregon sentinel. (Jacksonville, Or.) 1858-1888 | View Entire Issue (Feb. 11, 1865)
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S4 f Ml ANNUM, IN ADVANCE.
SATURDAY FEBRUAHY 11, 1S65. VOL,
M ANOXIC 'jYOTICE.
jiie rt-.i. eoniniiMionlloti of WAR
i;VM.Oi" o. 'Ot rrtnml A. M., fr
Ih.ini n M.v.mlc ytar will beholden nt
tbtir ll'il It Jsekwflvllle. on Hit) evenings
uf t c following lUtc. To-wil :
Jimo 7" nxxd 3- (.il-
Animal t'niitinu lcntlni.4.,
AucuBt - vnd 3Q,
SO" ovomtoor 3..
The hour nf wcling will be from fii.
tijlun'b n'. httlf-mt r i. ji, : md Ironi
Mirth t Aiplemljur. at hulf-pai 7 o'clock,
r. x. The lirelht-ren nre earnestly rtqtiMtut
lo sttend early, for work will In commenced
it the appointed Lma'.
Ilrctlicren will ili) wi II (o rare this adver
tisement Tor future reference.!
JN'O. i: ltOSS W. M.
Cites. W. Saviiik, Sec'y.
Jacko:ivlhV. Jmi. 17th. W. lm
Awarded by the Mechanic') Institute Fair.
Sou 1-raiiclrco, September, UC4.
R. LIDDLE & CO.,
4lf ?fMtigimi , (war the l'Mt-Mec,)
Sin I iiiiicl'cn.
GUNfi. RIFLE MAKERS,
hvK'ltrt of nil daw Sporting TutHe
(on-tnntl) on rrnnj b-iim tnm th flti
rVrsin l.'i.iilou. v'.t: William OrMUi-r
William Moore. Moor i HnrrW. lUilfom.
JInIIi. A S'ii. nml nil tHhtr Makrr, A1m
isel't sioek ot American Itlft-. I'lti4
ml Cnrlui-f iim lite 1'nclAc Coast, via; CwK's
5!iiri'. .Smith A Wesson's. RmnlHsrHHiV
ml kit tin" ltct patents of rkttafc
fclurp . Wim'. IktlUnlV. wner'a an
JUury Patent JlrMch-liMilIng R'tv.
Ttr Cartridge of nil kinds eonunt.
on ha: ii.
At'lhoriietl ntrrntn (or Ilcurv'ii I'lttem
JJnech-loudiiig It (lv. jnrlm.J
j? n sali; of his own curing
J. J'nrrhiww will nlcaso eni1re at hl
Hatcher Flmp, on Oregon Strct, 3 dour
above the l'uot Oflice.
Jackionvillc, January 21st. IBM. If.
TORN- NUt'IlLR would nnnourM la the
)p' . of Jack'on Cmmtv, tbul Ih bnt
procured n Uii.jf lor thw lwrrl nu
etiln'. ni.il will in u hnrt time tMvr a srood
uplr mi Imnd. Tlil niMhliH- pitlr.
hton, cmlirnlilorj mid nikr 1 d!KHl
kn.li or tlt(.lu.
Jafk'nnvlll''. Jtiiuvf. jUi- f
i x s r it a xv c c c o m v a :-; v.
S 750,000 oo.
CXf rnA dpoi'.t In Orvjro'i
OOU,UUIAII Iomw I'ajBbU l T.
K (ioIiI L'niii. liuuru utfaluu L.uw or Itaui-
i lijr I Ire,
SACHS mtOt, AKntr,
U P H O L S T E R E R
T MKHKIIY notify all whom It tnuy con
1 rvru. that I still continue the business nf
I pholiicrtr nnd i'uper Hngr, at my
c!d stand in Jucktonvillc.
All ktiuU of work in my lino will In
promptly utltndcd to. Old nuiltraisci will
tie repaired, flour sacks mad?, etc.
A. C. ALI1KKT3.
Jacksonville. February 4'h 1805. If.
PERSONS wblilni? to avnll lhemelve
of the benefit of tho Homestead lav of
Coofrrtts, can have tlielr papers properly
prepared, and ibvlr aflidatil taken before
e, thereby saving the rjprato of attending
In penon at the Land OfHcc.
Final proof of Donation Land Claim
Aad relio'iulthmcnt of of abandoutd Dona
tion claims taken and private entry of lands
made, on application to me at the Clerks
office. WM. HOFFMAN.
rbruary 4th. 1865. ' feblwli
I I'JIOTOGR A1II GALEEKY .
ORVIL DODGE would announce to the
Ladies and Gentlemen of Jacksonville
sod vicinity, that lie lias permanently loca
ted in Jaekionvillc, fur Die purpotu of tak
ing pictures in all the Iirproved art or ruo--fcgrapby,
and would respectfully solicit it
share of the public patronage.
ROOMS oppoi lie 1'. J. Ryan's New Rrick.
Jacksonville. Jtccn'1'r 3J l8ci- !
Dr.Ovcrbeck, has reQllcd his bath rooms
Those who whb to Indulge In the luxur
tea of a good bath, can be accomuodati-d by
jfWlngJiluj acaii 0n Wedneidaya and A'uu
. J Mstf.
IlLAh KS AT T JIM U flCB.
..... -,.', ...'-..m . . .,.-1 ,...;. v . , , i.itrsssaiiis ,a. aMmtim&i . wmuW'rvtimggmxtmKKm irry
T.IIE OltEUON SEXT1MS1-.
twuKD CTcnr ATcnruY uoionso.
JI. F. D01VELL, Vroitrlvtor.
Sumcmrnux 1'or One vear. In ndrntioe.
Knur Dollani i If paid vrtflilii the tlnd lx
month or the year, lire dollar ; II" not tmlil
until the expiration of the year, nix dollars.
AiiYKitrwNii One square (10 lines or
le), first insertion, Three Dollars : each
aulioiiciit Inwtlon. One Dollar. A ills
count or llfty wr cent will bo mailu to thoso
who nihertlwliy tlicyeor.
f 11 TfyWtt twltwl l fiirrrnl wtx.
I. O. QP. .Tnrknoitvillp IotlRc
. ss.i". o:i us rvw
-ti2yXanIar rneetlng on overy
Mir'atuTdar evening rxerpt
J? the tlrftSaliiriliiv if vuch
tnonth.nu.l o i Trld ly liefnrothc lint tatur
day In each month, at the Mnionlc Hall,
llrothera In good standing arc Invited to
uiteud. OUA.NUK J AOOBS, N. G.
Nmriiav Piiiikii. il.fvB'y.
TrutM. J. JI. Suttou., Win. llay.niid
Wurrcn Lodpo Ko, 10. A. F. & A. II.
A 110 I.I) tlielr raulnr eommnnl-
V'y'CMliotis lh Wcdneilay nrriiliiRon
V Nor preosillng the full moon, lu jacs-
KHItN ii. liU.TO, V. . .M.
0. W. Svjinr..Src'y.
a. jaooiw. :. r. nctwm.t.
JACOBS, a. RUSSELL,
ATIOUNKYS AM) 00UNtK(.0It5
AND SOLICITORS IN I'HANCKItY.
OfUrr upiKMlle Hie Uanrl llmiar.
Alt ImIh nmnm'ttni to Iblr ir will
t newnptly aHeiNt-d lo. July M. 'i
Q. F. DOWELL,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
A'lll prwetlcr la nil tlw Cwirta of tlw Third
IwlleUI DMrkt, 11 8npem Court if Ok
jtin, aMd In VrvLn, Cul. Wur Strip pwrnpt.
ly wllwti-d. Oct. IS.
I. D. HAINES.
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
V.'lll practise In the Cwirti of Oregon.
Ofltor,iH OMc Ilulh11ng.
GEORGE D. D0RR13,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
"L'ltVKYOR & CIVIL KNUINKKU.
italiUncc near the South end of Oregon
J. H. STINSON,
ATTOliNKY AND OOUNSHLLOlt
AHhirv. Linn eounlr, Oregon. nct!i2it
G. W. GREER,
I'lIYSICIAK AND SUHORON.
Ofnce at Ids realdrnw nn Oregon slrtrt.
CITY IPRUG STORE,
Opiwiltc tlia Comity Jatl.
Jaatunvjlk, On. dto<f
W. G. T'VAULT,
ATlOnNIXY AND COUNEKLI.OIt
Office at resldMwe on C'atifuriila Hires.
All buflnus eutruiled lo bUcare prompt
lyjitteud d to. if.0!!'!-.
' PETER BRITT.
Is prjar. d to luke pictures In every style
of the art, with all the late Improvements.
If I'lotures do not gUo latlifactlou, no
charges will be made. Call at his new Gal
lery, on the bill, t-xamlnu bis pictures, ar.d
It fur your llkenes.
DR. A. B. OVERBECK.
Dr. Overheck would announce lo the cit
izens of Jucksou county and vicinity, that
he has rcturiitd to Jacksonville and returned
the pructlec of meiliclne. llu will always
le louud at bis eld stand, the Overbeck
Hotpllui, unteM nbaeut profisrlon
al buine. lie would rcipcctfully solicit
a rencval offormer patronaiy.
BiesolutioB If otico.
rpilK undersigned' lias llila day with
i drawn frnra the firm of Thomon i
Djvis, aud will continue tLa practice of
Medicine, Surgery sod Obstetric, in
Jacksonville nnd viciuily. and solicits a
share of the patronage. Office at lita resi
dence at the old Murry Ilocmsttad.
T. L. DAVIS.
IVc. I3th, 1664 dccHtf
Watchmaker, aud Jeweler!
On Oregon street, first door north of
llrcutatio'a Jacksonville, Ogn.
JOHN F. IIOUCK,
Manufacturer and repairer of
nil sorts of Watches, Chronometers, Clocks
Musical and other Instruments, etc.
A tin JKWKMIY innnufjcturpd and
repaired, after tho most approved style of
the art, aud warraimu lor one year, i ncta
according to time.
JOHN F. IIODCK,
Chrouomeler and 'atchmn!ler.
Jaektuuvllle, June .5, ISti t. 3m
BBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBB "mSSBOmBMmimKSBBKKl fiii-M-
The Olrt Iloimc Far Away,
Tlie wild MM wafitlt, the ullvery rills
Ring oheorfully round the spot,
And tin) peaceful liai1vs (if the purple hllk
l'nll dim on my nt itbcr'it oot ;
lit wltt'Juws are low, nnd H"i ihntili Is low,
And Its nnolcut walls aro gray.
0, I si-o It) I lovo Itl where'er I Ct
Tho old hourc far nwuy.
The little nlurk ticks on tin parlor wnll,
llaeordlng tho jwalns hour
Ami the pel geranium jprowil r.xik and tall,
Willi lUt brilliant wartst Onrs ;
And (he old straw clitlr, so cttsy and lowj
Wlitre inntUer nifkrilttliTptill day j
O. I sec III I Invc It I where'er I go I
That old lion) far ivmiy I
Dear mother ! bow plainly I se her now,
Reclining In that old nrin-ehair, -With
the meet rcitlnp npon her brow,
That was once to smooth nnd futr. '
With her orlmplcd border while ns snow.
And her once dark hair now gray,
0. 1 snt It 1 1 lore It U hrre'er I go I
That old home far awny I
Kut all the treasures tl.e world udftnli,
The riches of land awl tea,
N'nr nil the wealth of earth's imnd turda,
Can blot from tny meiwwy
The roof tbnl hlletl rueh dear, dear hrail,
Aud Ihe bumble ?oor iT slay.
Where (be fiet I loved we woMt to trritd,
In the old house far unity I
Official Ucport of Color.;1
Drew's Owyhee iteppt..
lion. (crvTixrKB rnoM sxxtiasx or rex. l
Captain Wuriwr, Tpnt;ritilcsil Itnglneer.
passed np on the west ski of CtMMe Itlse,
hi lit oxIornlhHi ol 1849, but no trsors
of his roote nr nor v'sWo.
Amrmjr the Bnak, Md-e. Mppr Pitt
River. Klamath cud i'luie lndlcu, Givm:
Ixikc xnilley, tie tbut portion of It wbkh
lies to ihe northward nf the Ltkt. ismq
Irnl pronu.l; neither Iribi claiming It os
rcctol'v. lull eao!i,U4ing it ut will for limit
lug ami fiihtng. and guthering the wiM
rye for winter rood.
During our stay In this iiilby there oc
currnl tilW of thwe InoiiL'itls, that ure un
fortunately too cnnimnm ou mir frnntler,
aud often t nd in lb injury or murder of
Imiownt nnd iini.rfrmllng cltlz nn
On the 17lh of July, our two Indian
coull being up in tho Slcrrui, found u.
parly ol twenty white men there. w!o had
lfl the Owyhre mitt some wl: prvriou
lo prnspeei some nf the head wutera or Ihe !
Malktuir.Uit Ic-r some reason laid failed
to reatli any wr:lon or that s'ream, ami '
were nw Irjiag lo find their tray Into
Surprhc Vuihy. Our roout Informed '
to resell any jior'.loii of that s'ream, and '
tit m of rmr wlieresbouls, i.ner(d lo
guide them to cur camp, and Ihi-scniec
mil oecepisJ. 'lite sanuls nlso brouglit
with iIh-iii iim of the principal Snake lu
dlaw of that region, whom thry were mix
'out we should tec. These Indiana came
into camp on foot and unarmed, having
left their horses and their aruii, If they hud
any. iiiic distance b.ck in charge prob
ably of some or tlielr comrudr. Soruc of
the purl v of while men saw tho Iiumc uf-
ter tlie Indians had Ii ft them, hut seeing
no Imliutx, they teetwd lo hove made up
their minds that no Imilun lias no right
that n while man is bound la reiect, uud,
ennsequeutly, tliut theic horses wcr legit),
male plnntU'r. Huih parties remained near
our camp over night, and next morning,
under prelect of going out for a hunt, four
(f the white men preceded Ihe Indians on
the route back lo the hnrRT; waylaid it
aud fired upon the Indians upon tlielr ap
proacb but teem to have done no damage.
The white men got possession of Iwo of the
horses, but the Indians having either reach
ed their guns or being joined by those who
were ariD.iJ.d skirmish ensued, resulting
in the inslunt killing of one 0 the white
men nanxd liurtnn, and (he dispersion of
his'tbrco comrades in es many different di
rectioos. liurtnn was shot with a rifle, di
rectly through Ihe head, and from the front,
oiler having mounted one ol the Indian's
horse. When his body was found, the
horse, nnd another of which posstfjion wis
gained at tho luma lime, was yet standing
by it; one of them so budly shot, however,
that it died a few -days efterwards. liar,
ton was doubtlessly bullied into this affair
early in tlic morning by the three men that
went with him, as it appears that upon
their suggesting lo him their plans, and in
viting him to join them, he at first declined
having anything to do with the affair; but
upon their taunting him with the term
"Indian sympathiser," and opply'mgjto him
other terms equally objectionable to fron
tlersmen gcuerally, lie contented to
join them, remarking as he did so
that he was the last of four partners who
had not been killed by Ihe Indians, and it
made little difference what should become
of him. The Imllans here, however, be
did not charge with having ever ccuDHiitted
any offence against him, or anybody eke;
sor did he or his comrades claim the horses
as their properly, or as even cot belonging
lo tbc Jndiuns.
Upon tlio very first intimation of tie I
deslgn of thrse men lo waylay llic Imllans from north to.soutb, Inclining considerably cewire rnngra of the footjilllj'of the Sler
when I clnVild send tlitm Irom camp. 1 oj to the eastward as we approach its south rn, presenting alletoate patches c( frag,
dendo delnclimtnt In pnrsnil, lo jirevrnt crn extremity. It is about ciglit miles j mepUry lava and slate, we entered by a r
any outrage upon Iho lmllunj that might wide whero we crowed it, just north of the fcntlc Iccnt, into n very small valley or
he Intended, and lo bring bark Iho white old Southern Emigrant tonte, nnd pass, and trough In whlpli is sltuatet a, seal tale
nicn. llul It was too Lite to benefit even qnr its pottlitrn extremity, nnd il seenn ' lakf. This Iropgh, as It may propefly
the nggjeisorsi for upon tLc arrival of Ihe hardly probable that It Is much If any bo called, la about fire mjlcj In knglbjjy
detachment at the place ol difficulty, Uur. ' wider anyithcrc else. It was awrtrd thai i two miles iq nidlh. Grass along lis wcs
Inn v, as (Ti ready killed, nnd neither of his fully seventy land claims were locnted Iirre! crn limits, towords the Sicnnr, it abajidiTlJ
enmradrs or any nf the Indians were any-' previous lo our visit to It, though.of the. not nnd of good qnality, muck of It' Urn""
whtre lo be seen. The detachment return-, claimants It was said Ihat not more than ouliitious bunch-grass, rutting In front
ed, bringing in the body oi llurton end the J about forty were then present in the Valley, j a partially snow topped mountain of tho
Uoiliorses, and finding in the way back J Some of these are without doubt lonn fuSt , Sierras, Is n small stream of pure cold'w4"
on of the other three comrades, in tl nnd settlers. Dreaming visions of eligible jtcr, mid tcvcrnl escelknt springs burst out i. l
condition, and evidently somctt bat wiser for 'town sltrti, and valuablo limber claims for : along the foot-hills that form lU ireslerr,'
that mornings experience. 'Jlic other I wo supplying Ihc so called l'ueblo mines with ' limits. The wait r of the Lake Is poor, ' )
came In subsrtjuenlly with another detach-1 lumber, nnd nn uiifonqed claim to the dlj- however, owing to the (net that it contains
mcut, sent by another roulo to reinforce covrry of the valley, has hod much to do a large amount of decaytd vegetable sir t
the first, nl there was no way to atcertatn with Ihe fiatlerlng neconnts lhal huve been ter, of its own proJnetloa, opd baylog rjqj
the strength of the Jnd1nn,or Iho ntlltude, publisheil concerning It, and have been the regular outkt. The sprirgs nnd streams
wo should ussume towards I hrm, except means of drawing to It tbc greater portion ' are (ringed with willows, and In many
jy netanl uWervatinn. The ludiun seem- of Its present population. p!accs almost hidden by manges cfwil J v .-
id to liuvc comprehended, liontvrr.-lliat ! All the population of this vallry Is In
the troops were in uo wny rcrponslblc for dangerous ptoxlmlty to the crcr hostile la
the outrage that had beeu perielralcd, dlacs who Infest the whole- of the fnrrnunil
utnl they made no ImsIIIc dcmontiratlonf ' ing country, nnd by whom It is lluble to be
whatever Inwards us. Snbseqm-ntly these ' moleslrd nl any moment.
Indians were represented In a treaty council - The old Southern Oregon Immigrant road
herd wills thr ICIamntlii by Mr. llnnllng-1
'ton. Stipcrinf indent of. Indian rlTiirs for
Oregon, ami rxpresd n wWlnflMH lo go
npon the K'lmoth Itcr vnllon, when the
treti'y rlmuM Iw ratilW.
Tl.e detnm here rulalrd, as lo the origin
and maturity of the design to gnlu forcl
lite ptawwlm of the Indian's lionet, were
ulm. qatntly given te us by nnc of the
mab pstrty of white nwn, mil in syraiwlhy j
'with (he fOWlers, but semcwlwl ut fault I
In wt udrWng nt of tlielr intention.
Irving the Uowi Itlte valley at n
point twenty one mibs down Iho east tide I
if llit l'e. win re we wrre J 'lned by h ver
nl heavy train . fri-ni Humboldt county,
nnd oilier portion nf CullfnrulA, includlnp '
evcrnl families, all movlug ti.ffnrds the re '
gton of Uol'e, we ngaln illvergrd lo ihe
,-wstrrord, forming n Junctimi thiec niUi-s.
out with Ihe old Suuiln-rn Oregon l-'mi-'
grant Itnail. which pii"r. arootid the
south end 11I (!ooc I-ke, and thence wesl- ,
wurd Into ciiW ShaMa or llngtic Hlver I
valhys, and rtitcri-d the lower portion of
a bruutiful glade, patting down from a
point about a mile and a half from the
summit nf the old Emigrant l'oss over Ihe j
Sierras. This glade Is known as faiiJan-
jto Vallty, so-callid frcm a n'pht attack
having mice been made by the Indians up-
f a party of ImmlgrnnlH while Ihey were .
culi-limllng the opportune arrival offrlcnds
w'lh much needed suppllt from Cntifornla. (
"b mucli needed supplK Rom Loiirorwla.
arid as U loo often the rate had mglccled
'" guard tlielr camp. This little vallry.or
glade, is about five niihs In length by two
miles in width, nnd iiffurd excellent grot
lug and good water,
From rt.is point lo the summit of the
pats the argent is very ubrupt, requiring
double teams lo wagons moderately loaded,
11 nil then the journey is slow nnd tiresome.
A little lubor, however, nnd a change in
the location of the loner portion -or the Uud the region through which il passe be
road, lo u sjjitr nl' the mountain about a , ijj somewhut familiar to a considerable
mile to llic nerlhward, would render the ' portion of the people of California and
gfJ comparotlmJy easy.
Fmm the summit of this pas we ob
tained a splendid uud extensive panoramic
view of the Bicrra Nevada mountains,
along thcrupge both north -ml south of
us, whlta directly beneath us, stretched
along their eastern buse, further to llu;
tduthrd tlmu the eye could reach, lay '
Surprise Valley, of which so many fulsome
accounts hart beeu jSiblisbed during the
pakltwoyesrs. To lie eastward of this J
valley, uowmr, was presented Ihe melao-!
cholly speiloeleof successive ranges of
high table lands, covered with black vol-
canienock, destitute of water, no tluibir
except juniper growing la occasional patch
es on the nio;l inaccessible spots, with very
little grass, iu fact utmost entirely without
ny vegetation except the sage, whjch Is
everywhere present on the great desert of
which tills region, forms a part.
From the summit of this pass down lolo
fin...!.... Vrtllrt- tlif. rrmlR U nrinHnus. !
but might be much improved by a little
graduig and change of location.
Saiprkje Valley is a long, narrow strip
of land, stretched along the eastern foot
hills of the Sierra Nevoda mountains, and
sloping down into alkalino lakes, oud. the
saud ond sage desert that forms its eurtvro J
boundary. These foot hill, and the lower .
portions ol the spurs aro generally covered 1
with a bountiful growth of bunch-grots,
while between many of them, and .same-1
time extending out around tbesi towurds
the dreary waste lo tho eastward, are
small tracts of excellent tillage LvSd, cover
ed with grass, rushes, and spot of clover
and wild pea-vine. Jt is well watered by
spruig and stream putting down from the
Sierras, but these usually eiok 00 reaching
the level of the lakes, and the sage fields
into which they o.
Timber, pine, it abundant aloes; ihe
Sierras and of fair quality. Game of all
kind common to California, stem lo be
f liff tfifT- - L-L JJ-S-h-M-a- '"'.js-.TJ V-SsV-kV1 ' -f1 ''' .m Jl .- ' ' '""" ""
'I ho general direction of the valley U
by way of the Uumbolt, crosws this valhyt
'and has been used more or 1cm by the
overland inim'jrratinn to Southern Oregon
and XVnrthrrn California, sluo 16 IS.
In 16-lfi, lion. Jie Applepote, vho
was tltoroughly imhntifi.il with the Inter
ests of Oregon during her entire territorial
pnpilogc. as ho has continued to be sine
'he Lai ndrnneed to the sovereignty of n
Stle, rwncd from the Willamette valley
through those uf Umpqna and llgue Itlv-
er, llieiice nccrws the Cascade and Sierra
range Ol mountain, as the Southern Emi
grant rotnl is located, nnd oatrard lo the
vicinity of port Hull : returning by the
eme route with a portion of the overland
iinmlgrallnn of that, to the immigration. '
most fatal year, 'lie credit therefore for !
the exploration of the Sua 1 hern Oregon
Emigrant rood, and the discovery of the
pass over Ihe Sierras, as well as (list acres
Ihe CVcade Mountains near the head of
Itgue River valley, isdue to him, and as a
courrquctiee, Ihe credit (or thadiccorery of
what Is now Surprise volley.
It appears from the b-at daln at hand .
that Captain Wurntr, LT. S. A., was kilhid
in Surprise -valley. September S)ih 1649, at
a point nbont twelve miles south of the
old Emigrant pass.
The Lukes of Surprise valley Ihreo in
so strongly alkaline es to be
for any na wbotercr. The
uper, or tho most northern of Ihe three,
was about eight oilles long and three roiira
wide whru we pasted it, but its depth was
not more than about four ftet. This
and the next ono south of It ore known lo
huvo been dry several times rltifc their
original discovery, and their beds covered
with an incrustation of alkali.
From this pass of Ihe Sierras, the old
Emigrant route crosses Surprise vallry di
ugoually, diverging fur to the southward,
, On goo, it uus decided that our course
thould bo as nr.r uh.ug the forty second
parallel of north latitude, as tho nature ol
the country would admit of our passage
Several cf the heavy (earns Alleu's
tram that had traveled under the protect
un of t,e command from rjpTBgue river.
decided lo keep along the old route r;.i
n;ock Hock Caftou aud the Humboldt,
tUfnc0 northward lo the Owyhee mines ;
nelr owners not liking to venture again
Inl0 Bn unexplored regloo, moro especially
,lie in7 UDinriljD 0De upon wbtch wc
had decided to enter. Itiehordson, Mor
gan and others, In fact all of the Califor
nia trains, Including nine families, n solved
(0 remain with the command and under its
protection, and prcfit by Its success or
share Us defeat. In one of these trains
there were over t wenly men, having ib the
way of arms but seven pieces, rifles and
The whole narutcr of horses, mules and
cattle to be guardeel and cared for under
these circumstances was hardly less thtn
thirteen hundred, nod In addition a consid
erable prooant or merchandise. 'Some or
tie teams, too, used In the traosporlatio'o
0f ,hee goods were oxen, which behig at
5fst (l0w to start In the morning, slow to
travel, aud, consequently late to reach
camp, made the duly of guarding tbem
daring the day doubly laborious, both to
men and botxes,
Peiween the Sierra Nevada mountains,
at tho old Emigrant Puss, end the Owyhee
rher by way.ofPuebla valley. Distance
two hundred and eighty six aid a half miles.
Direction, northward, east, southeast,
northeast, north, and again east. Contin
uation of the Risuli to the Owyhee mines,
Iheaec to Moisc.
Fasslog diagonally acres Surprise Val
ley in a northeast direction, we made the
aicent out of il-by an wy grade, upscr.
nl uarrow banks or steppes, iuJjovcr inp-
parsty. 'lite chief rillatire for luellsthp'
juniper, which Is some iat abpnjlapl 03' f
the surrounding hill. . . 1
Oor roqte Ihcncc was In a norlhpajlcrly tr
direction, down n flst-boltomed cannon,
leading Into Warner' valley for the first
mile ni.d a half, and thecco up a lateral ra .
vine to Iho general mmpilt livcl cf iho ta-,;
b!e beyond. Tlienee vnf.vlrg oor coqn b-"
more to the eastward, and passing over
field of lava almott impauable for oar
wagons, we entered Warner's valley at is 4
This valhj we mvned far Ca plain War
rr, U. S. A., who explored it, and who, ";
as we at first snppssed, was killed Sept. ' '
9'h. 1819 lo the main cannon putting' la-'
to it from the south, Ihe same that lias jost '
bran mentioned. John S. Drum, Eiq.,-6f '
Jacksonville, Oregon, who was connected
with Cap. Ljon's comroond that
went In natch of Wurucr's rem.lss
the next year, 1630, locales Ibo point pt
which some of thrm wrre found 0 few miles
south ol Ihe old Southern Oregon Enl
grant JJosd, and consequently the fata)
spot ntiut be in ourprlte valley.
Warner' Valley It similar to Surprise -Valley
Ip point of location, form and gen '
oral character. Its direction U from sooth !
to north. The Sierras form Its western'
boundary for a dltlsnpo of about fifteen'
miles from its southern extremity, thencs "
receding to the westward, and leaving a
volcanic table to continue Its border north'-'
Spriogs and streams arc found at conve
nient distances along the base of the Sier-
ras, and tiro or more streams Cud their
way feoui the soius source, through deep
cliaims hi tho table that continues it. west
crn rim. -
The soil Is generally alkaline la ths t
strongest sense of tho term. There .
however, along the bate ot theCierrasand
occasionally Iu the rang furl her northward
small trad o( good land, bearing goo4
gross, mixed in some places with excellent
clover and wild pea viue. Oo the eait
side of Ihe valley for a distance of fifty,
miles wc fouud bat ose considerable spot ,';
of good soil. TLIt is at 0 point forty miles .
down from the valley's southern extremity,
and covers perhaps an area of about four
thousand ceres; bearing a luxarisnt growllj
of the common wild grasses mixed In rnsny.
place, with thrifty red clover and wild pea
vine. Oo this tract there are also several
fine springs pressing upward through tho
surface, end a small si ream putting down '
from Warner's Mountain, uod heavily frlu-
ged with willows.
Ou Ihe east, (lie valley ii bounded like all
others aloog the eastern slope of the Sler -
ras. by the same interminable sage desert,, .
which here, as io other places, ii -heaved up ,(
into vide voljraolc table, on which are ,
mounted low hlUs and Isolated hutlts.of , .
the same volcanic formation. Occa. .y
slonally one of these buttes ii-. .
log higher time its Anions entitles itself to .
the more dignified rank of aouqtalc.
Such Is Warner' mountain, of which men
tion will be again made lo aoo'Jier part ef
Through the ceoter of the valley length
wise there are numerous lJkes, mudpouds,
water holrs, wells aud springs, connected
by mar.hes beariug a species of caoe, grow,
ing in many places fully nine feet high aud, '
very dense. None of these lakes or reser
vojrs bate any vis-bie outjels, and it was
very seldom that ve saw an Inlet. The
wells, as theyre designate, are setnlogly
without bottom, aud always full to withlu
three or four inches of the surface around
them, and the water generally quite good,
The water In these depositories, bow.
ever, di&ert io quality sod trperatott, :
vm wuea situated wituio a lew wei ot
each ohmt. ' This t characteristic ot the ,
spring a&9 that are on ,t'ie east side of ihe
valley a Wgfeer ground, where they fre
quently discharge frcm the summits of 1 1 "
tie mounds perhaps eight ax tin feet aero,
and from ft gbt to twenty Inches higher
than the surface ol ihe ground arouud
ihe. These sprtogu also i Jer to topper .
ature aud .quality, some of tbem being toL ,
ei")ly cool and pure while other Ja !
mou tepid, ana some 01 tuern njairsitvj
isspreenuted with some kind of 1
( coHTtsceo os 3d tack.)"