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THE OREGON .
Japk'sonvim.k. November 14, 18G3.
Mr. Editor: On the morning of tlic
28th, wc Imil tttintp, heavy weather, with
n occasional pprinlclititr of ruin, which,
however did not prevent a pedestrian ex
cursion, in cnmpnny with Col. Drew nnd
Captain Kelly, items Port Creek to a fine,
huge spring tlmt IntrstB from the foot or
the inonntnin, nfTordiii'.: one of the finest
mill sites T ever pnw. Near this spring
ws lotind the truces of mi old Indinn en
campment, which from the nnturc of the
timber tlmt has overgrown the locality,
must have been occupied many years ago.
It is also evident licit it was the name tribe
who now inhabit tie country, from the
fact of our having round, half buried in the
enrth, n pestle of peculiar form, identical
with those now in use among the Indians
for grinding the Feed of the water lilly.
Wc returned, after a few hours "trump,"
nomcwhat fatigued; but uflec n viit to the
commissi ryg and cook's departments, we
felt quite ns good as new. About four
o'clock that nficrnonn, the messenger was
seen coming in across the prairie. From
this time until the mail wur distributed,
nil was incitement h:i1 anxiety. The
arrival of new from liomu" has ever been
n favorite thi'tni! with writers on the Pacific
Oo.iM. l'i if!, indeed, a happy theme. Ivt
liim wlio is .1 clo.u observer of human na
ture sit down 011 tmch nn occasion and
wuteli, and In; may almost read the past
fortune-' of men. and judge of their hopes
"in tin- In I tire, lie sees ouu anxiously press
through the crowd, his face oniniutiil with
wine happy expectation; I.e. sees him re
turn despondent and dejecksl; he rends in
his face the inquiring thoughts 11s they
pass : " Why hit filieimt written ?" "Has
nhe forgotten me J" or4 has t-he found in
other object for her affect iona?" He sees
another, with face already jialc in nnlici
jiation of pad news; he returns, holding
the fen 1 ml menivc. Willi trembling hand
ho tears it open nnd glances linwn the page,
whilst in his face you may read that ngony
which the pen cannot portray. An need
parent, who has Inng1:eeu tottering on the
vergu ot tun grave., lias gone; 11 parent
whom many long yjnas Imvo separated
from him. nnd whom lib greatest desire of
life hud been to meet once agnin. One.
perhaps, may stand aloof, but the revolv
ing ihnujjhN within his lircnit find cxprcs
Finn in his lace. They seem to fay, "I, too,
once had friends; lint now, nlun, 1 urn left
alone in the world, forgotten bv the friends
of my youth, and unknown to all but those
around me. I have no favors to expect at
Hie prefeut, .'incl scarcely v. hope lor the
Fortunately fur tvmtdcind, their pleasures
fur exceed their pain?. We. may bo with
out 11 friend in the world, and with foaiee
ly n hope for the. future, yet we seizu on
the pleasures of the present with more
Excuse this digression. I had well nigh
transformed this letter into n treatise on
moral philosophy, n subject rather foreign,
1 must confess, to tucl; on to it description
of Oregon Indians.
On the 29th, the feature of the day was
the starting of Mr. Linn's Steam Saw-mill.
I King before the time indicated for starting,
everybody, Indians included, wm on hand.
Many of the latter had never seen anything
of thu kind, nnd their astonishment was
p irfcclly hid icrous. Were I given to mor
ulizing. I would attempt to give the effect
upon the minds of the different SitcuJics,
ns taken from the expression of their faces,
on ursi seeing u steam saw-mill in opera
tion; but I forbear, as I cannot do the sub
ject justice. I will, however, speak of the
effect on one oid squaw. Sho first made
her appcaranco some forty ynnH from thu
row, where she. stood a few moments
just balanced between tlie two emotions of
dread. After watching the mill for a few
days, and seeing'log after log transformed
into lumber, n bright idea struck some of
these Fogo warriors, which they supposed
would bring bread into their baskets.
They proceeded to the mill nnd entered
their solemn protest against cutting so
much timber. Said they, " thi9 mill will
soon cat up all of our timber, but if you
give us something to eat wc don't care."
This ingenious dodge however was of no
avail, judging from the hasty manner in
which certain "Inguns" were fccii leaving
saw-mill quarters. After we had tested
thu fact that 11 saw-mill would make lum
ber, in Klamath valley, wc turned our at
tention to the Colonel's favorito amuse
ment, that of "niggering off logs." Now
Mr. Editor, you need not laugh, for 1
tell you the old pod-augur days of chop
ping and sawing off big pine logs nre aim
gespicld, and that hitherto laborious work
has become the pleasing amusement of
"niggering." Least thu word "niggering"
should be confounded with the many other
"nigger" questions of the day, and be deem
ed a contiaband business, I will explain.
Wltereer it becomes nccesssry to sever 11
log, a hole is bored down some distuno be
low the pap; another is bored from the side,
connecting witli the first at thu extremi
ties; tills being done, a brand of fire is
dropped in the upper hole, and soon a glow
ing furnace, is to work on the heart of the
log. When once the fire i3 started, not nil
the rains and snows of even 11 Klamath
climate could extinguish it until the log
is burned hollow to the sap. By this pro.
cess one man may do thu work of six or
equally opposed to Secession and Aboil
tionism. Alter reading the resolutions
(which he did himself), a motion prevailed
to refer the resolutions to the Committee
on Resolutions. Mr. Outhouse being ap
plied to by both the Secretary of the meet
ing nnd the Chairman of the Committc on
Resolutions, refused to furnish the Commit
tee a copy, whereupon the original resolu
tions were adopted; nftor which, Hon. R.
V. Boise delivered an effective nddress.
The speeches were listened to by the
Inrge assembly with marked uttention, nnd
frequently responded to with bursts of en
The Snlem and Monmouth Rrass Hands
were in attendance, nnd enlivened the in
tervals with rich and pnlriotic music.
The Salem Light Artillery were also
present, frequently nnd lustily belching,
" nt the ennnnn's mouth," their apprecia
tion of the exercises.
A County Union Committee was ap
pointed by the Chair, ns follows: Tsano M.
Duller, Dallas Precinct; John Chamber
lain, Bridgeport; Wm. Seabring, Lnchl-
mute; II. Linville, Lane; T. Dearce, Kola;
A. Lucns, Monmouth; (J. Eileis, Bethel;
A. II. Frier. Snlt Luke; 0. 13. Savory.
Jackson, and S. Stone. Douglas.
After cheering for the speakers, the
Union, the gallant soldiers in the field, the
Brass Bund.-i nnd the artillery company,
the meeting adjourned.
Isaac Smith, Chairman.
T. Raiioi:, Secretary.
Grunt! Union Hall).
wonder and fear. At length her fears
seemed to subside, and she was seized with
u violent fit of laughing. When (die had
laughed to heart's content at thu ap
pearance of the saw, some one beckoned to
her to come nearer, and lici uttention was
directed to the engine. Shu slowly ap
proached, laughing aa rdio came, and not
withstanding n heavy stream of water
from the hose of the forco pump was turn
ed directly on her, sho still continued to
At 11 meeting held at Dalles, 1'olk coun
ty, on Saturday, Oct. .'list, Isaac Smith was
called to thu chair and Thomas I'earee
A Committee, consisting of W. C.
W'hiUon, Mr. Flanncry, J. S. Holmnn. (J.
Scnbring, and Patrick Haley, was appoint
ed to piepare and report resolutions ex
pressive of the sense of the meeting.
While the Committee were out the If 011.
Ceo. Tl. Williams delivered a most telling
speech, full of eloquence, argument and
patriotism. At thu close of the Judge's
speech, the Committee on Resolutions
reported the following :
liewlvcd, That thu object of the Union
patty in Polk county is to it id in preserv
ing liberty and the Union of thu States, M
maintain the supremacy of tho Constitu
tion and laws, to put down thu enemies of
the Covernment, to thwart the designs of
traitors nnd disloyalists, and to protect nnd
strengthen nil loyal men without respect to
sect or parly.
Ilewlvcd, That tho cardinal principles of
our Republican institutions, to which we as
as American citizens stand pledged, impera
tively demand of uslo repudiate the doctrine
of Secession and all sympathy with them,
and to give our unqualified support to our
country and iis constituted tiuthorities, in
the great trial of civil war, until the last
vestige of the piesent rebellion is extin
guished, and to tills end, we nro in favor of
every means recognized in civilized war
fare. Ilesalred, That, in the language of the
lamented Douglas, we have no sympathy
with those who 1110 attempting to make
political capital out of thu miseries of our
Resolved, That not to stand by the Cov
ernment in this crisis would bo a base de
sertion of our gallant countrymen now de
fending our Hog in tho Held, and would
render of no avail tho blood already shed
in defense of the Constitution nnd Union.
Jiaolvcd, That the cry of " abolitionism,''
so persistently raised by the Copperhead
papers und politicians in this State und
county, against nil those who favor the
prosceutiou of the war for the suppression
ot a most wicked rebellion, has no terror
to those who nro determined to stand by
tho Government, which was (rained by our
fathers in their wisdom, nnd handed down
to us to protect nnd prescrvo in its purity.
Rewired, That wo will not, under any
circumstances, give our support to any man
for offico who has sympathized, or does now
sympathize with armed or uiiarmcd traitors
to our (Jovernment.
Pending the motion to adopt thu reso
lutions, Mr. John T. Outhouse offered a
TiiKSor.ntKiifl of tiih Potomac Aiimv.
The army is now in fine condition. The
men me veterans, witli frames of iron;
with soldiery habits ; with a spirit which
is dauntless, und 11 devotion to their flag
which is the promise of many glorious
deeds. The country has reason to be
proud of the army of the Potomac. It is
composed in great part of the best blood
of the Eastern and Middle Slates; nnd
the New England regiments particularly
1110 full of historic names. The outdoor
life of the past two vears Iiiih given these
men a magnificent hardiness of body ; they
can march their 2f or .'ID miles per day
without groaning ; they sleep contentedly
on the ground ; and no ImriMiip or toil
can bteuk their spirits. They have acquir
ed the art of making themselves comforta
b!u in the field, and thus the soldier life in
robbed of half its hardship.
Moreover, they uro filial with soldiery
traditions. The thousnnds of irstauccs of
bravery nnd devotion of which you scarce
ly hear at home, uru treasured and handed
from mouth to mouth in our camp?, in
spiring all who hear with the greatness of
spirit to do und dare as nobly ns their
brethren. Thu colors and their guim au
to these soldiers ns racred und dear as
their wives and children. In battle you
see the men watch the flag ; they follow it
with their vyva ; they gather mound it if it
is in dunger, they die by dozens for the
honor of bearing it aloft in thu enemy's
face, and tho last thought of the color
bearer is not for himself, but for the safety
of his precious clmrge. A'. 1". Evening
FWisiimknt op tiik Rkiiki. Lkaders.
The New Orleans Era publishes a letter
from Lieutenant Colonel Jesse Slnncel, of
tho 1st Texas Cavalry, a Union man of
tried valor and devotion, who makes the
following suggestive declarations In regard
to the fate of the Rebel lenders 1 There is
one feature of this subject that thoo who
did not live in thu South when this tieasoli
was started, nre not prepared to appreci
ate. Those who may expect us Southern
Union men to return to oiir homes and
live upon terms with theau Vile traitors
tlmt forced us from our families, and deso
lated our homes, and not only treated our
friends and relations rudely, but actually
in a cold-blooded anil brutal manner mur
dered ninny of them, must think we are
quite superhuman. We Union men of the
South, whose homes arc in the South, and
who have always lived in tho South, me
determined not to be put under the rule of
traitors. IP tho Divine Being deemed it
necessary to hurl the revolting angels
to depths below, in order to maintain the
honor of his throne, certainly less could
bn expected of a human government.
Simple justice demands thu heads of all
leading traitors ; and nil actual traitors
Imvo certainly forfeited all their rights un
der the Constitution and the Covernment,
unless it is iim right to be hung, or hurled
headlong into outer daikness.
Citrrlek Scott Muynntt
At ft hotel table one boarder remarked
to his neighbor : " This must bu a healthy
place for chickens." "Why?" asked the
other. " Because I never see any dead
BRADBURY & WADE,
CTTliolosalo eto Xt.ot All
In addition to their usual Stock of
STAPLE ill GOODS
By an order of the County Court, In nnd
for the county of Bought and Slate ol'Oro
gon.madoat the September Term of thu said
Court, A. I). 18i!:i, directing in to sell cer
tain real estate nl" tin htlu Curricle Scott
Mnynatt, wo will oiler for sale, on the prem
ise", on Cow Creek. In Cow Creek I'j-cciiictj
in Douglas county, Slate of Oregon. "on Sat
urday, tlm flth day of December, between
the hours of 10 o'clock A M and IP. M.,
the following described Ileal l-Ntate. begiu
ning at the quarter section pie-l, mi the linn
between section.! 22 ami 2.'l. in township 2:1,
south range f WeM: thence running north
10:00 chains Iheiiee cnt 20:00 clinlu:
thence north -10:00 chains thence west fiOjOll
chains thence south 80:00 chains tliencn
ent 2!):ll chain", to tile ittur.e of hmriutihicr.
containing )17(M-1DI) aeies. inoru or 1cm,
to me ntgnei mini"!-, lor ctiMi.
J. G. MYNATT, Iv MVXATT.
October l'i. 1 si;:. om:ti-i w
BY virtue of an execution, to me directed,
Ifuicd out of the Cliuiiit Court, for tho
County of Dounliu and Slate of Oregon,
for l he want of sulDcieiil p'-iouul proper
ty. I have levied upon and will proceed lo
sell, to the highest bidder, for cash.
On the 28' dniof November A. J). 1SG.1,
between Hie hours ol 10 o'clock ,, m. and
4 r. M. of .-aid day. ill the Cnuri llousn
door in said eountv. all the rlulit. t i tlu and
interest of WILLIAM WILSON to the fol
lowing d scribed piopirly, to-wit: A cer
tain phce of laud lieu'inuiug at 11 point 1:(M
chulii'icitMi of the imrthin-t corner ol". I. 't
Iteckwoilli'.- Domiliiiii Land Claim No. ',W,
in lowif-hip ltd, hoiiIIi of range 4 west; mu
lling thence 1101 Hi 2.S:tm chains Iheiicu caet
7:(!0 chains 1 hence wc-t 8:0(1 chains thetieo
"oiilh liilil) elui'iis: llieuce m-t ll:8. chain,
to the place of begiuuhiu, containing t-i.t
und sixty oiie-hiiinlieilllix aeivs. Al-o, thu
following descrilinl premises., to-wll: Itogiu
ning at 1 he northeast corner of thu Laud
Claim of .J. V. IJeckHnrlh.No .'ID, tnwu-hlp
III), south ol" range No. ue.-l; running
llieuce ".'c'.'o HiiUs; llieuce south I l:2.r link:
llieuce ea-t :i7:,.'.r links; Hiriieo north ll:2.'i
links to the pluceol" beginning. containing
Ihiily-one and twenty-mie onc-hundredtln
acre. all being and lying in the Cniinlv of
IJnughn and Suite of ()r-gon. with tin) up
puitcnauco thin unto hidoiigiug. The said
properly is taken to s.ilM'v an execution,
if 1 out ol" sad Court, hi'fuvor of LIMN-
AM) STIXOKU. and agaiu-t WILLIAM
WILS X. fur ihe sum of ($211 'jo-100)
tun huiidrid und eleven iiuii twenty ouu
luiiidi'ulN dollars J iidgiueiil. and cnSs ami
accruing coSs. L. JlOWH.
Sh'TiiTor Douglas Co.. Ogn.
lJo!hurg. Oct. 2lt. 18i;:i. oeilllwl
rtugh. The effect on the other JinliaiH ; series of resolutions ns 11 substitute for
was no less striking, although not quitu so
ludicrous. They all seemed to view the
operation with a kind of superstition
those ofll'iod by the Committee, premising
the reading of them by thu declaration
that ho was a Union man, and that hu was
A CoNTKART.The Richmond Examin
er, 21st tilt., in nn editorial says : " Two
years ngo our army was encamped at Bow
ling Green, nnd our butteries on tho beet
ling cliff of Columbus scowled dcflanco at
Cairo, now wo hold n portion on tho
borders of Georgia and await the enemy's
ndvanco in tho interior of Mississippi.
Chattanooga is in tho hands of tho enemy.
and the lino of the Tennessee, fortified by
the hand of nature, and, us wo nro told,
susceptiblo of defence by a small force of
troops ngainst a numerous army, has been
yielded without nn attempt at resistance.
" In a battle thu loss on both sides is
about equal, in a retreat it falls upon the
retreating army. Tho wily and cautious
Rosecrans will not fight unless supported
by superiority of number. He risks noth
ing in tho hope of brilliant victory and
rapid triumph. His strategy is an epi
tome of tho war. If Rosecrans is to bo
defeated, ho must bo attacked in position
wheie he 1ms lost no timo in fortifying
"The confidence of soldiers in their
lenders is essential to the success of armies.
It may be unfortunate, but it is notorious
tiiat Gen. Bragg has not succeeded in iu-
Havo Just Received a Fino Assort
Ladies' Felt Hats,
Merino and Cashmere Vests
NKW STYLUS OP
LADIES AND MISSES'
Gaitcrsjialmorals & Anklets
FALL & WINTER
CARPS AND FRAMES;
spiring his army with this feeling. Cannot
a suitable man bo found to command tho
army of tho West on a field where 60
heavy a stake is to bo lost or won ?'
CHIMXKYS, GLOBES AND WICKS.
AND NEW STYLE PATENT
JACKSONVILLE, Nov. 3, 18C3.
fX THE CIRCUIT COURT OK Till?
X .State of Oregon, fur thu County of
All..,, l. 1.' ,1 III. ,t. .nn- ... r.i.. ..
..ii'u 1. it,, iiiiiiiii 1 iiiiimii. r.i. .K11111 it.
lloiiil.Jo-eph Jacob. .Murray Uarrettainl
his guardian John liauvtt. .Ics-e Hobbe-ou
nud the sad John llarrett. ltiehmd Hat
red I). I-. Il.it relt. .hums llarrett and hi
wife Istbelhi A llarrclt.TIionia Harnett,
l'eler Kesliugiind his uitc Catherine Ken
ling. Jo-ep'i (Jaxluu mid V. It. S.lljdu,
Injunction nnd Nunitionientn! Hilt lit
To the nliovo named del'cnlnnt: Yon urn
hereby siiimiioiiid and nipibed to appear
iu thu said Com t. 011 the Hot day ol' tho
next lenn thereof, in Imi begun and held at
tho Com t lloin-e. iu thu town of Juchson
ville. In s-iid county. 011 thu Hilt day of Feb
ruary lSlil, and answer the complaint of
tlie saltl riaiiit.tr. lilt d ugaiiii-t you iu said
Court, or tho Mime will In Inla-ii for con
I'csM'd. and the Court will deeieu the four
deeds executed by thu said Uarivtts and thu "
said Peter Keying and his wife Catherln
Kesliug. for tho Donation Laud Claim No.
IS. of ihe said John llarrett and his wfo
Margaret, lying iu said couulv, lu said
Bond, will be declared liaiidulent' mid void;
and thu judgment reudeted iu the tuiil
Court, on llm lOlh day of June. ISM, in fa
vorof Murray Barrett and John It. Bond,
against Jesse Jlobinson. for the sum of six
thousand three hundred dollars and costs of
Urn suit, will be diciarcd Iraudulent and
void and perpetually cnjolnid; and tho
riiiiituu win iiiku judgment against tlie de
fendants for thi)co.-t and dli-buivcments. of
tliesiiit, and for such other and further te
lief as may appear to thu Court uuultublii
audjiiHt. in llm premies.
By order ol" 1'. 1 Brim, Judge.
B. V. DOWKLL,
Attorney for I'lniutlfr.
October 28, ISM. out"Hin3
County Treasurers, Olllcu -
At I.uw Ollicui.f
JACOBS & RUSSELL.
ftt.itn of Ol i'boii Count v of Jiickson.
TA.-l'.Yi:i;.S arc hereby audita! lli.it tho t'ooloi
aiu now ii'.uly. All jiordons hating taxes m
hos.ioit u-aiiist tliviu In salil nmnty, nro lu'juustcil to v
iMyMivh t.TU'1 tu tho Trcaiiucr ul'Hilil comity (or
IiIh Di'jmly), nt hli oillcu ia Juckmutlllo, boforu thu
first iluy il .l.uiunry next. 'Iho Amount of SJUU
Ta.x lujcejcil Is li.iviililo lu (iM or ullvcir coin.
i:. S. MOUUAN.Ti (usurer,
1'er ii. y. Uesdui, licimty.
Jacksonville, Oct. 21, 1MU. ocVJJ5
ESTATE of Wm. II. Mowatt, deceased.
I Notieo is hereby given to all whom It
may concern, that tho undersigned has been
nppilutcd Administrator of thu estato of
W. II. Mowatt. deceased, latu of Jackson
county, Oregon. All pcr-ons indebted to raid
estato nro notllled lo pay up witnin hx
mouths and all pertons having claim
against Mild estate, aru requested to pmeut
them for payment to me, at my reshlenco
oa Bear Creek, within six uioiith-ifrom datu.
JOHN WATSON, Admiu'r.
Ui:n Ckijbk, Jackson County, Oot.17, ItiOS.