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JACKSONVILLE, SATURDAY, JULY 25, 18G3.
VOL. VIII NO. C3.
I. O. O. I Jacksonville Lodge
t uri til l...t.l.. I... ......it!...........,.
fv3S.. '" (,n 'r'" ''f ,,ie ,,it
L fir rv wuck 111 p:rli liinnlti. mid im
Kir -Vi Lh??' wouk. t tlia M uonlc Hull, ut
- '"J "V krf" H ifiifilnv nfn uli IntfirVAnlnt
8 o'ctuck p. m. Ili-otlicr In Rood Klfinillnnro Invite J
toftttcn.l. WM. HAY, N. (I.
Silas ,r. n.w, 11. 8cct.
Trit-tso!. Jim. , Sutton, Honry Denlliij-er nmt
0o;. II. Durr'g.
Warren Lodge No, 10, A. F. & A. M.
JL HOLD tlictr regular communl
sjQrcntlons tho Wednesday Evenings on
Wir preceding the full moon, in jack
HONVII.I.K, uuimoN. '
ALEX. MARTIN. W. M.
IT. Di.oom. Scc'i.
OREGON CIIAPT1211 KO. 4,
.. O F
KOYAL AllCII MASONS,
JACKSON VIU.K. OREGON,
Will hold It regular communications on the
Pint Hatuntaj,- Eve. of K very Monlli.
All tiojouvnliig Companions in good
landing uro cordially Invited to attend.
;. V. GKBtilt, -II. I.
h. Smifl. Scfl'y. h'oy:47
ATTOKNKY AND COUNSELOR
AND SOLICITOR IN 01IANCKUY,
Will promptly ntlond to any legal
business committed to his enrc.
OJfue in Sentinel tiuitilhig.
I. WM. WUTIIITT. JAMKH II. KAY.
DOUTHITT & FAY,
ATTORNKYS AND COUNSELORS
AND SOLICITOUS IX Oil ANCKIlY,
Will prnctlct! in tho Supremo and other
Courts of till Stale. March I. 'li::.
R. B. MORFORD,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
"W'ILL practice In the several Courts of
V tho Kir.-t Judical tf)itiict. and in the
Supreme Court. October 2(). Mi'J.
B. . DOWE4.L,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
Will practice In all tho Courts of tho Third
Judicial District, tho Supremo Court tifOro
pnn. and in Yrcka, Cul. War Scrip prompt
Fv collected. Oct. IK
(SucccMor to Itoeit A (1 jilon)
ATTORNEY AT LAW.
Jackson vii.i.k, Oiikoo.v.
Especial attention ul von o collection
eases. Juno 10, 18t;:i. 40
G. W. GREER,
PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON.
-OQlco nt lls Hcatilciici- on Orcf-tm Ht.
Where nil those knowing themselves In
-rfchtcd to him. on nolo or hook account,
will pleuo cull and M'ttlu up, or their nc
count will be placed lor collection in the.
hands of my attorney.
My old j utrons will Ktlll And -mo, as rvtr,
ready to attend to my professional duties.
Muv li, ISliX miivlllf
I prepared to tako pIclurcH in every style
oT tint art. with ull tho Into improvements.
If Pletuies do not give sall-laetion. no
chargeK will he made. Call at his new'Gnl
1 M-y. on tho hill, examine 'his 'picture.", and
nit for vour likeness.
JHIGAN & WAIX,
FORWARDING AND COMMISSION
Ai-lck flitlltllitg, Car. Ft-aut & V atvetta,
CRESCENT CITY, OAL,
"I"f ILL attend to tho Receiving and For
V? warding of all Good culne-ted to
their care, with prouiplnrss nnd dispatch.
ConMgumunts solicited. Meiebuudiso re
ceiiiifd on storage.
Crescent Citv. April 11. 18G3. 13
N. ll.-No good delivered 'intil lliofrelght
nu 1 chariTO are pId. 1). V VV.
CIGARS, 'J'OJJACCO. KBKSTT
PUUJ'I'S. STATIONARY. C'OFUC
TIONKRY. PI RIO WORKS. lC'I'C,
Next iluor to l.i'ntlbury A Wuitc,
Ilmvpjmt opened a new stnro nnd Flock
ed it with a cliolco variety of tho ulune
luontioiiud articles and nll'or them for miIo
at tho lowest liing prices. Tin best of
eigarrf and chewing tolmceo will Im kept
constantly on hand. Those desiring any
wrtlcln in my line will favo monev hy iriv
Ing mo a call. J.'UOW.
Jacksonville; July 1, 'G3. jiltf
THE OtlGON SENTINEL
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Carrier, you ran learn that the Semi-weekly
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lation in the couulien of Soiitliern Oregon
and Del Norte county. California, than any
other paper. Thin tact should commend tho
Sknti.vki, to you an u superior incdlum for
Lmt ov AdKSTd, who nr nnthorlr.cd to
transact any Imsiues concerning IIiIk pa
pev. in the name of tho publisher :
L. 1'. Fisher, San Francisco; Wndworth
t Raviios, Vreka; Kher Kmry, Anhlnnil: S.
C.Taylnr, I'IkwiIx; W. W. Fowler, Apple
gatv; It. S. Duulap. Williamsburg; John It.
rriudle. Kerhyvillo: A. 11. Mollnnln. Waldo;
U.J. Foihcv, Waldo; V r M. Kviuim, All
houe: Joel Thorn, Canynuvillc; A. 11.
Flint, Roschurg; Isaac It. Mnore.i, Salem; J.
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Oregon City; I). V. Wnkefleld, Albany;
lleiijaiuifl Conk, Corvallls; J, II. Smith.
Crescent City Albert Ouolittle, llqipy
Civil War in America.
CAUHK OP TIIK tiONKMRT
Tho following i the hrginninp of the
first chapter of "Abbotl'fl IliMoiyof the
Civil War in America," tho fiifit volume
has just been published :
Civil war hurst upon din United State,
with almost the sinhlcnnes nt the meleorV
glare. It was. however, hut like the ei op
tion of the volcano, whom? pent-up lire.-',
had. for njre, been gathering strenL'lh for
the final exp'onion. The whirlwind which
our country has reaped, is lint the natural
harvest of hat ieiil which, for long jenr,
we liuvc liet'ii sowing. All thinking" men
have. Item waiehiug the cuuiulntiou of the
menacing cloud, ami hnve foretold It
bursting. Many have hoped that the vial.",
of wrath would nut lie emptied in their
ilnv and liko the fclfih cnurtiorrt of Louis
XV. huve Fiiid. "After ns the Deluge."
Hut the deluge has come. Upon our hcud.i
it law fallen.
Thin fierce fight, which linn nrrnycil In
uriiH tnoru than u million of men, and
which made our ship nf Mate reel and fitiis.'
irer. im ( smitlen by thiiuderliullrt ami
dashing upon rock, was hut uii', though a
sublime act. in the dinuia of that great con-flic-'-,
between put rieiun urrogauee' nnd ple
beian reKistunee betwwn the claim of
aristocratic privilege on the one liantl. nod
the ileuiand for ifpinl rightH on the other,
which for cuiinlicfM nuiH Ii.ih inudo our
L'hlbii one vst hat tic-field. 1 1 isioiy h
cruwilerl with seeniM terrific, in tlila 'irre
pressible rouTlirt. Two tlioiisaml year
hl'o. Ciickh I'ompcy placed hiiun-ll' nt the
head of the aristocracy of Rome. Julius
C.U'ur. espousing the cuiwu of tlic people,
iinliirlul tint banner of equal rights.
.Striding through oceans nf blood, which
tossed their suiires over every portion f
the habitab'e globe, tnsar overthrew tint
urUtocrutie comuiouweallli, mid tea ml up
on its ruiie, the imperial icpuhlic. it wuh
uristneraey. Plriv'iig to keep its heel on the
head of democracy, which deluged the K-i-man
empire in blood. On the fields of
I'hursulm, the biuner of urirtoerutie pride
was trailed in the dnst, and democracy,
llioui'li exceedingly imperfect in iu devel
opment, became the victor.
Two hundred years ago, tho nrintocrney
of Fi mice hnued In 4mi oniol cast les. mount
ed on wardiorsei', cneasul in helmet, cui
rasii, auiHiiukler of flliHil, with pampered
men-at-arms ready to ride roughshod on
every cmbawage of violence, tiampled on
humanity, till htt'iinnity could endure it no
longer. The iiristoeiaey po def-pised the
people, whom they had driven into mud
hovels, whose wives and daughters were
go.nled to (lie field, bareheaded and bare-
il'ooied, to bo yoked with the donkey in
drugging tiio plotc'li, that they did lint
dream that llu-.su boor?, whom" their hit
niauiiv had brutnlixtd, would d.ueeven to
look dtlla nt ly ut the lordly castloof lock,
whose del'eniii'i.s strode pi'oudly nlong the
battlements, in niensnreled coiiteintof the
help'ess peasantry below.
Tliese poor hours had not individuality
enough even to receive n iiaine. As a
slu'iiherd may call every sheen in his flock
"Nannie," mid hb tiio bluvediiver calls
(iich ono his wt etched gang " boy," fo
every peasant was cil'ed "Jack." Rut
the pent-up vengeance ol ugee nt luM buist
forth. The Jacks roue, and, like madden
ed wolves, rushed upon their foce. Every
demon power and passion, which can riot
in the human oul, held high carnival,
lmbrutiil men, iufuriuted by ages of the
most out rages wrongs, Mbc by millions,
upon their nppre.-sois, and wreaked upon
them every atrocity which (ieiid-liki! inge
nuity could devise. Fiuncc run red with
Rut nt length disciplined valor prevail
ed. The steel chid knights trampled down
their victim-' ; and alter one-half of the
pcnsanlH of France had perished, the aris
locrat resumed their sway, mid the nlu ve
ry of feudal bondage1 was niniin riveted up
on the people. This war of the Jacks, or
n' the Jacquerie, us it is called in history,
is one of the most instruclive events of the
past ; and yet it was ull unheeded.
The tudilpn, regard lens nf thta lesson, re
newed their oppressions. Again they
commenced Kowiug the wind, Trout which
they were to reap another, mid a more
dreadful harvest. The masc8 of the peo
ple were deprivid of every privilege, hut
that of toiling for their mtisteiH. That the
lords might live in castles, and be clothed
in purple, uud tare sumptuously, tho peo
ple were doomed to hovels, and rugs, uud
Kvery effort was made to keep the pen
pie ignorant, that they might not know
their wrong, and poor, that they might
not resent tiieiu. A pensant was not ul
lowed to bury u piece of dough in the ushes
of his own lire side he was compelled to
take it, to the bakery of his lord, uud pay
exorbitant toll there, to have it linked. A
peasant was not ullovid to dip u bowl ol
water front the occiii, uud let it evaporate,
that he might sempc from the bottom the
few particliH of salt left thete in (lie resi
diim. Hewn) hound to purchase every
pui tide of salt from his lord, at .in enor
mous price. No mini, not nobly born,
whatever might bo his character or geiiiu-i.
was deemed it lit companion for the lonk
fiOtiis XV., surrounded by courlc-uns and
debauchees. Fiihl :
' I can give money to Voltaire. Monies
quicn. Foutluelle, but I cannot dine and sup
with these people."
IJvery ollie.e of honor or emolument, in
tho church, the aitny. tint statu, or the court,
was coiifeinil upon tho priviteci-il cla
only. ConeouetitVv oven Christianity, oiliuln
mlniistered. In lis high ollices. only the chll
(lf'ii of tho unlrles. oNiiltlug in princely in
come, as bihrH. archbishops mid cardinals,
hiring poor priests, whom they could starve
or bKrii at any moment, to do the drudgery
nl reading prayers, preaching Fermons, anil
burying the dead, b camo essentially an In
strument to uphold oppression. "Servants
obey your tntc-lor." was its unchanging and
Rtiiutcrmlttul utterance. This religion was
mi maiilfesllv not the religion of JcsusChi 1st.
that kings, lords, nnd ecleslastlcs, were all
allku vigilant, not to allow the people to
read the Hible, lst they should llml out
what the our Saviour really taught. A
peasant, d-tccled with a lliblo in Ids hand,
was deemed as guilty ns if cauulit with tho
tools of a burglar, or tho tiles of a counter
feiter. Christianity is tho corner-stone of true
democracy. A II men are brothers." in its
fundamental doctrine. Consequently, no
where, tho wot Id over, will urlstocratlu In
tolerance allow democratic, sorvitudu to
read the Hible. It is a curious fact, Ulu
Irative of this uuivcr.-al truth, that even in
Republican Ameiicn, those who were In fa
vor of the servitude of tho masses, and ut a
privileged class, rouid their ittmat en
deavors, to prevent the preachers of Chris
tianity from lonohini thai doctrine of man's
brotherhood, which Christ so lcrvently and,
unceasingly liu- Inculcated. ' l on are
preaching polities," was tho cry which has
drove many a preacher from his pulpit.
In the church of Node Dame, in I'uris, lu
the year 17$W, the ithho 'Fuuchct preached
to an audience crowding every nook and
corner of that Iikiucusu .c.ilhcdiul. The no
ble prelate, uiilutlniidated by fiown. Wie
the bold annunciator of that (quality of
rights which Christianity inculcates. Tak
ing lor his text tiio wonts ol rani. lirctii
reu. ye have been called unto liberty," he
Tho false interpreters of the divine ora
cle" have wished, in the name of Heaven,
to keep the people in suljictioii to their
masters. They have coiisecr.itt d despotism.
They have rendered God an accomplice with
tyiuuts. Theo fuli-o teachers oviilt because
it is written, 'Render unto Cies.ir the things
that uro Cupar's.' Hut that which is not
Cii'-ar'a- Is it nectary to ronder unto him
that? And Liberty doe not belong to
Ca-.u It belongs to Ikuuuii nature."
Noiwiihstaudiug the piceuco of tho king
and his frowjiiug court, this annunciation
of Iho pure spirit of the go-pel of Chrint w,s
received with e burst of applause, which
shook the venerable pile to Us foundation.
Yes, move ! it caused tho very llironu of
do'-potio. power nt the'Tuileiies to tremble,
and llually toppled it into ruins, When
in) lei t Hie door of tho church, thu peoplu.
delighted to hear such sentiments iu feudal
France, so long ovei ridden by pi luces and
priests, sei.eiU him. in thu cxubciuncc of
their gratitude, and lino him to his homo
lu u trhunphui cluilr.de .'onUi.il with wvcaths
nnd garland, and then the vast tmiltitiu'c,
surging tlirouah Iho directs raised three
cheers for Jesus Christ. Jesus is indeed the
friend of the poor man, nud tho helper of
thu oppressed. Did tho masses hut appre
ciate his sympathy for them, they would in
dued feel that ho was their friend. ,
If n peaaiit, with wife and child tolling
In tho (ield. in the cultivation nf forty acres
of land, raised crops to the value of SfMO,
the klntf. tho lord, and the church, took nix
hundred dollars of this, and left the. peasant
and his racged. emaciated family, but forty
dollars. No allusion was allowed to bo
matin (o such wrongs. Kin?, noble, and
oclcs.intie alike rose in vengeful remonstran
ces, exclaiming. "It Is political preach
III!.' The old hypocrites! Thomas Jef
ferson, in the venr I78.V wrote from I'uris,
to Mrs. Trist ot" Philadelphia :
" Of twonty millions of people supposed
to bo iu France. I am of the opinion that
there are nineteen millions more wretched,
more accursed iu every clrcumtaiice of hu
man existence, than the mnH conplctioitsly
wretched indtvlduul of the whole United
And yet tho Christianity of that day wan
not allowid to make the slightest icl'erenc"
to such outrages. It was this state of things
which inaugurated the French Revolution,
tho most terrific of ull Time's tragedies.
Twenty millions or people, trampled in the
mire, rose ghatly and frenzied, and tiio
(Lumps nf feudal castles, mid the shrieks of
haughty oppressors nppnltcd the world. The
stories of this outburst of eii'luved humani
ty is the niowt Instructive in the annals of
nations. The struggle was the mut mem
orable In the long series of conflicts between
aristocratic assumption and popular rights.
All aristocratic Kuropo then combined to
crie-h thu people demanding equality of
privilege lu the eye of tho law. with their
lords. The courts of llu'ilu. Prussia, Sue
den, Austria. Kngland and Spain all the
ktimsaud nobles of Furoiiu i allied their
armies. Tho people of France rose, with tdl
the energies of despair, in defense of i qual
ity nf rights. Such combats earth never
s iw before, probably never will B'o again.
Two worlds, w K were, came clashing to-
uelhcr. All thu combined aristocracy of
Ivtropi' were on the one side. All tho mas
ses of tho people were on Iho other side.
It was becauo they believed, right or
wrong, that tho motto of equal rigts for all
men was beaming from tho banners of thu
Kuip're, that they inarched so heroically to
the victories of Marengo. Wugram and Aiih
terlilr.. And iu tho llnal victories of the
despots, aristocratic- privilege again tri
umphed In l'urop', and " Hope for a reason
bade tho world farewell."
A similar though less Funguinnry cnnfl'ct
had previously taken plnco in Kngland. be
tween the united courtiers and Cavaliers
niider'Charles I., and the Puritans under
Cromwell. It was the same irrepressible
couflct. The common people of Kngland.
slowly emerging from feudal servitude, and
gradually acquiring intelligeuco and prop
erty, grew native under tho yoke which tho
lords had for age.s Imposed upon them.
With prayer, and fasting, and hymn, they
drew IhoVword iu defenso of equal rights
fir,- all, ami met their foes at Man-ton Moor
and Nicrhy. Jlefore the sturdy blows of
the Roundhead-', tho Cavaliers bit the dust.
Hut aristocracy triumphed as Chanes II.
rcturni il to tho'throne. Ouv hiritnn fathers
weff again humiliated, anil tin? foot of Che
oppressor was upon their heads again.
Then It was lu tills dark hour of appar
ently hopeless defeat that onr fathers
adopted the heroic resolve, to abandon
homo and posm esions, In cross a stormy
ocean of three thiuniul miles, to exile
thcm-clvrs to tho wild.iernesn of a new
world, uud here, strugnliug ngftiust famine,
u savage foe and hardships of every kind,
to found n republic where all men. iu the
eyes of the law should bo equal. No privi
leged class was to bo allowed. Fducation
was to bo e.s widely diffused as possible.
Tho poor and the rich were to be alike eli
gible to alt odlces of honor and emolument.
It was a long stride which they had taken.
Ami yet (hero still clung to them, some of
thu prejudices nf thu old world of aristo
cratic usurpation, fiom which they had
emerged. Thu North liritiMi Review, in the
spirit of that execrable aristocracy which
had so Inn dominated over Kuvope. con
demning Iho equal rights for all, which Na
poleon maintained in France, .said :
If iho peasant, tho grocer or the tailor,
can scrape together a little money, his son
receives his training in thu same school, as
tho son of the proprietor whoso laud ho cul
tivates, who'-o sugar and coll'eo ho mnpllcs,
and whoso coat lm makes. Tho boy, who
ought to bo a laborer, or a petty tradesman,
sits on the same bt'iieh ami learns tho same
lesou, as tho boy who is Zestlned for thu
bar, tho tribune or tho ok-il service of tho
State. Tho grocer's; on cannot see why
ho should uoi. become an advocate, a jouni
nuliht, a statesman, as well as iho noble born
lad, who was olteu below him iu tho class,
whom ho (WJaslomilly thrushe.1. and olteu
helped over the thorny places of his daily
Tho aristocracy of England, when they
found that a Republic was oMublishcd iu
till country, growing rapidly in wealth and
puiver, made a ilcspcitttucHort to bring this
(initially emancipated people under subjec
tion to their privileged class. They en
deavored to tax us, without our being rcp-icf-cntcdin
parlimcnt to place tho appoint-lie-ut
to all important oHice iu the bauds
o" tho king of Kiinland, who would w td
over 111' sons of Kuulanil's nobles to bo our
gn-ernorsnud our judges, nnd who would
till all tho pots of wealth, dignity' dtid
power with the children of tho lords.
Hence the war of the Revolution. It
was a continuation or the Irrepressible con
flict, belwe. n nrirncrntic usurpation ami
popular rlahts. We, thu people, conquered
nnd established our Government Independ
ent of all the world. Proudly wo announc
ed to the nations of- Uurope, as the tiorner
st' no or our edifice, that " all men ar bom
free nnd equal, and nro nllko entitled to
tiro. Uhortv and the pursuit of happiness."
Our Cnntltutlnn iu Its spirit and legiti
mate utterance is doubtless the noblest doc
umo'it wh'cli ever eni;i uit'rt from the mind
of man. It contains not one word hotllo
to liberty. Even now. with the light of
three-rourths or n century shed upoo'lts
practical working. R requires not tin
change of a paragraph to make it true to
Hut yet, inglnriou-ly. KuiRily, under sore
tpinpalions, we consented lo use one ph-tun
sii'cpptlble of n doublo meaning. " held to
lnhnr " These honest words, nt tho North
menu a hired man. an apprentice. At the
South thpy mean n slave, feudal bondftgp.
So small, and apparently so Insignificant,
were those seeds sown iu onr Constitution
which have renlted In such n harvest of
mNery. A privileged class at tho South,
nvsunied that by these words tho Constitu
tion recognizes flomctte tdavery. and the
right of proper'y In mm. With persist
euro never surpassed, tho Slaveholder) of
the South endeavored to strengthen and ex
tend their uristncrallc Institution, which
was dooming ever-lncrenslng millions, to
life-long servltud'i nnd degradation. All
wealth was inplillv being necinimulatcd iu
the hands rthe privileged few, who owned
their fellow men as nrmu'Wy. Tho poor
I whites, destitute of employment, tillable to
I nnrchaso iieiriws, nnd reirnrdinrr labor,
which was performed mostly by sUves, In
their reirion.as doerndl ig. were frikt fcluk
tntr Into a state of ln-st'nl misery.
Tho sparc popnlatinu which Mavcry al
lowed, evolnded climatic'. scliooN and vil
lages. Imiii"iisp plantations of many thou
sand acres, tilled sometimes by a thousand
slaves, driven to Hiolr toll by a few over
seers con-igneil tho wlioln laud to appar
ent solitude. Tliolo'- hut of Iho overseer
was surrounded by Iho miserable c.hliiHof
the ncurocs, and in tho workshops of the
North all the rude implements of their, toil
were manufactund. Tim region of the
Southern country generally presented an
a-pect of desolation which Christendom
could no whero rNo parallel. The Slave
holders, ever acting ns one man. claimed
tho right of cxlemlius this InMi'iilInn over
nil tho free territories nf the United State-.
Free labor and Slave labor cannot exist to
gether. The New EugUrol farmer cannot
woik with his sons iu Ileitis surrounded by
negro hands, whore lnhnr is considered de
grading, whero his wito and daughters find
no congenial society, no education, none of
the institutions of religion, none of the ap
pliances nud rcHiuices of hiv.lt civilization
which freedom secures. Tho ndmisioii of
slavery to tho Territories cll'ectiially ex
cluded freemen from them. The introduc
tion to those vast realms. f n privileged
class, who worn too live iu luxury upon thu
uuiiald labor of the mi--es. rendered it In)
possible thrtt men cherishing Hi) sentiment
ol republican equality should settle tN-re.
It was upon this point that the conflict lu
Its tlerccuess commenced.
Ok.v. (iuanv is A Tins Yo can not
read iu ('en. Oram countenance how u
battle is goiii. Whether tho enemy is
driving lum or he is diiving the enemy, he
wears tho same phic'd features, neither a
smile or a frewn. Ymi look jn vain for
hope, fear or anxiety depiclid in his facial
I'XprcfNion. Rot there is one key by which
some idea may bu foi in 'd im to how he
feels while tho Mrugeli progres-'es. The
General is in -amp. udilictcit to the " use
of tho weed," to a moderate extent ; but on
tho baltle-tleld he indulges mm o than muul.
The more desperate the buttle, the more
cxtruvuiMnt his use of Cuban and prinei
pes. When lii.s men are pushing forward
and the enemy giviiu way, tho blue smoke
ascends at relrulur intervals in small nud
scarcely pcrccptibto curls, When there
is a proqiect that l lie day will go against
him. lie eea-es to smoke, and commences to
punish his innocent exotic- by vigorously
biting the end ot it.
Mrs Douglas i.sugnin in mourning this
liuie for her father. She is now left alone
lo battle with tho wnild ns best sho can.
Her children's southern estate is in tho
Imml of icbels. One ol her sons is upon
RiirnsiiloV stuff. Mis. Douglas has busied
herself for the last two yeuis ut Iho hospit
als. There is not a woman iu the country
who has been more active in doiug good
Old Dr. I'earsnn, of Ivuloi), in lecturing1
upon the stomach, observed that this organ
liail no power over substances endued with
vitality, nnd this circuiiiManco nccnnutcil
for the fact of tho Prophet Jonah buving
remained undigested iu tho stomach of tho
whale lor three days and nights ! This h
ime step 'artltyt than theology ever went.