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About Oregon sentinel. (Jacksonville, Or.) 1858-1888 | View Entire Issue (Aug. 10, 1861)
THE OREGON SENTINEL.
a M0 tK n . a
$4 IN ADVANCE.
JACKSONVILLE, OREGON, SATURDAY, AUGUST 10, 1861.
VOL. VI. NO. 30.
SAIMUKL, H. HI AY,
OFFICE IN "SENTINEL" DUILDINO,
DR. J. HERBOLD
"X70Hf.li rcipcctnilly announce lo the clfl-
i cm or .incKKitiMiio nmi
xlcinlly Hint lie li now pnpnicd
vulcanite on iiuiinr.R woiuc
for artificial tenth III the lct stjle, nud nt prl
ccs to rill tlw time.
All Mini or Dental operations attended lo In
rvfliliirul tn inner.
Jnckinnvlllc, June lA. 1801. 20r
WAR SCRIP, W'ArTsCRIP.
B. F. DOWELL,
ATTOllNEY AT LAW,
Will practice In nil the Court or tlio Third
Jinll'lnl District, the Supremo Court or Ore
gon, nml In Yrckit, I'nl.
lluliaunn agent nl Vnhtnalnn.nnd expect
inslill Unit clly nml tlio Atlantic this Summer
vTuidKall, and nny business will rccilve prompt
ATTOHN13V AT LAW,
"VVTILL nltoinl to Iiii.Iiicm In the n'ltrnl
VV CoiirU In tin I'lrnt Jttitlclul DNIrlcl or
Oregon. ami In tlio Supreme Court. Office on
ralirornlii SI., ornwlle Srnllurl M Uffitr.
Mny lli, 'ill. Mm
SURVEYOR l CIVIL ENGINEER,
ori'ii-i:, at tux: locniy iair.ni.MJH,
AM. twine iHrlululiiK lo Mud or Land
. l,nwprumpll) ullvtnl.il to.
Jsekminllle. May lltli. Im.I.
REED & BERGEN,
A t t o v it it y h a t I. ti w ,
Wilt nltrtiil to nuy Imsine ciinllitnl lo th'in In
thr eicml Court or Hie Flirt Judicial DMrlel
of Oregon, und In llio Supremo Court. IH.
CHAS. D. DROOKS. M. D.,
TTAS I.O('ATi:il IN' JACK.SOS'Vll.l.i:. nml
J.U. nltVi III tiiiilrwtoiml wrvlce lu lid torn'
i... i.. .i... ...I- t !.-,...... 0.....,
Illlllll.JT III HIV JIIHtlltU Ut lfUI..H(f Wliytiy .....
Ofllce on California Mrcct, next iloor In Ncu
lrV Jewilry store.
Oull nllimlcd lout nil liiiiirnnrOny nrnlu-lil,
G. W. GREER,
PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON,
oi'Fici:. jacicxoxvii.m; jhil'm mom:,
"" AS iqiem-d n lioti opiollo Andiron A
.1.1 (IIciiii'h, on t'lillriirulii lm.t. In Dr. I.
C.tiiuii)!'ilruK l"iv, rr rep-ilrliiK
VATcm:.s, clocks, .h:vki.uy. ctc.
All wurW unrruntiil to (.''.' nilltluclimi.
Jnekmtivllle, Ihe. ii.l. IKttt. IDily
PKTlilt 1J II ITT,
Iprrpnni1 1 U&e rieture In cery Mylool
thu Art, with all thu In lew .uipruMluvul. II
In not RhoMliriictlon.uochnrKH will lomaik
(,'nll nt KunkV Cigar Store, ui ut lliv (inller on
the Hill, nml f-;o IiIh Picture. lltr
D. WW1. DOUTHITT,
Attorney and . Coimaolor
Tor JiirKwii Count)'.
llr. IV. CnhhrcU Ilontmnit
HVS irtimncutly loo.itul In Juckrouillo.
nml oll'vr hla prorvloual htvIcv In the
Jlriilfliir. nnriitry nnu ini.iriiin.
Offlco nt hi reMnco. on Cullfoiiilu ilrcct.
In llio Iioiih) rounvrlv occiipUd l) A. M, limy,
next door to Jmlu I'riinV.
C'liaiK'C vl') re.iMinliu. (.'nil atteiuUd lo
nt nil lioiir ol the ilny or ulKht.
V. V. SI'KAtlUIJ,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
Kkiiiivmi.i.k, Jihkiiiim: Coivrv, Oov.,
"Will punctually attend to lnilneenlrul(i1 lo
hi care. April la, I8i!l.-iaif
ON llicil'lmt or January, '111, llio price or
WlUKi.Kll ,v- Wll0.'li
wcro reduced lu-tiliitrrtnt..m lliol'.icilloco.ut.
A few or thee, tlm bet nml chmput ui.i
chine made, nt San KrmiclKsi rail.
li. 0. Si:s3SIONH, Agent.
JackKinvllle.Jan. 12. .VJir
PHYSICIAN- AND SURGEON,
HAS looatdl In Jacktonvlllo for tlio practice
or hi profiwlou, nnd will promptly ut
tend call nt all hour or day and nllit In llio
thu udJoluiiiK locnlltkd.
Dr. llernhard It a uradaateor Ilia I'arl MtilN
cal ami Surgical Collv'KO i ha rniUlued Jilt
iirorvfulou In London, ulro, uml pnicllcul In
Yrekii, C4 Tor tlio iatyi-ar. llennnforMlvtl)
t'ligiiKed In thu Hospital nt Unuun.
Office on Ortgon H. wit Joqr lo HitiUmo.
;H- Dr. llernhard ha jut receled from
KuroK a complcto I'Tofoo-ional Library of the
MKhvtt ttaudaid a'lcleiit and inodnu milhotl
Im. AprllST, '01. 13.1y
THE OREGON SENTINEL.
PUDLI8HED EVERY 8ATUflDAY, Dy""
D33NLINGKR & HAND,
IIKMIV DrSMMIKIl, W), ji. HAM),
iniiTonq ,is-p vroimiiktorr.
Offlco ovor Clugarjo & Drum's Stables.
TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION:
OKVAlttAIILY IN ADVANCE.)
Ono Copy, Six Mouth ...!.... . 250
Ono Square, or IVtlre T.litca or Ic, First In-
citlun,$a 00 ; mul forcuch subsequent Inrct-
I'lnfcssluniil or llu'IncM Cards, Knelt Square,
per nullum, $:io 00 1 for Six Month, $15 00 j
I'or Three Month, S10 00.
A liberal discount wilt lw made lo perron who
advertise to llio extent or Tour squat c.
The numlicr or insertions should bo marked on
tlio margin or advertisement.
W'riUtn vr tht i'tiitnul.
tlnrk t roetucn, hear n nation' luu.ll I
()! iiiourii tho rullcti grx-ntt
S'ny, 'tl Unit Nation's nmrrlagu bell,
Now Hi-own Ionian' crlnte.
li Unit n tnnrrlago bill whote (onn
Come IIiiiiuUtIiik' llnouli our happy zone,
And lllls llio luiiil with many n groan
I that n bell!
Not to ; It I Ihc ciiiiou' roar ; '
It fhake I lie hind from horc lo fhorc,
And ctthoo : " l-'nidoui I no more I
Kor flianie I wo not our nation born
'.Mid Ihroo or mvnpi wnr?
I'rom out u prlueu' clmplvt lorn,
I low iNiuned ench rlsin-' tnr!
I'or tliaiuo I win not It pnulnow ni.ulo
lly tliuke from rrruhiin' Ini'lv b adul
Then, trembling ,iml,l) not dUmayid ;
no neaiiini Mill I
'Tun nurlun.il In the mld'tor I rife,
Lullnlonl by the ilrittn uml flAi ;
Think )o 'twill ykhl ll ptxclon llfo
At Trcaiou' will!
I'.'cn n 'Iwii lorii, wi mnj 't explro
Ihernord I lined now;
The power Unit made It rny rnpilro
Itni'ir should lriku thu blow I
Immortil fhadol 0, tldillilem name!
'.', thou who built our country' fume,
Look iloun iipoii'Uint counlrj' thnmu!
A Thy litlUkcrpl
Ol frunril Ihenrkl Tho inn1 1 rlicn
Which hi hi thu hope I by hnud had !lieu I
OS ir thciu may bo tenrx In beiuei',
Lot I; down and iicepl
Ccnrvl Let thucoulllct coiuet A?a!u
Shall I'eiice nruin lur cuny ;
Again ball Low and Concord ulpi,
When It hn nrru uwuy.
It I tho giithirlug ko lliim cornel
Tim fhrllly lire uml rulllliiK driiiu
Aro inliiHliiijt In tho Tflhum I
The hour I nigh
When I'libm lro:iK b:ill bit llio hud J
The North nml South Maud hand In hand,
Ai.il, Hmiilu;; bj the " I'litilot bjud,'
KimiVMi.t.i:, .Inly -.'.l, IKill.
Speech of Uonry Eilgorton.
At u mating of llio L'nioii iKniocincy (f
Son l'rnnclfco, llniry Kdgtrlnn, nominee fir
Cnnxrwr, niuilo uti eloipnnt nnd lop I vu'li.
from ivhicli ne nul.u the following extract :
More limn thirty ymr oro, that worn),
moil iliniroiH ureal mini in nil nt our iouu
iia'h liilmy, Mr. Culluxni, fouiuliil n new
M-h'iiil il polillw In the Hepubllc. Ills vull
(ifilii, hi nibll'o iliiihrlic, hi conimainlin
iirutory, uml. MtieiniliUil to IIiik1, IiU rciii
elaruilir, innde rniihl couwrl In hi tlcry
uml it foon tiuuiliirii anions It ilmciph.
in toy rif tic bri'lilr! iulelliil uml the pure'
cluraclirs n the .South, ll leiullu tenet i.
Ilul the Union under which we have liicil Tor
more lliun wventy jenr I a lonfiiUriillw
Mkm u cnnfiili ration of o many !mU'Knd
nit Mivrn-I'riitim, hehl tngrlliiT by llio frail
and unit rt, mi bond of u written enmpnet
The lerlurhiH Inlluence or Ihi theory I as
hatched mlu lifeu brood or inipojter., nuircli
uml llllibiKkr in Ine Houth, wlio by couitnnt
ly perallni upon the fear uml pnjmlxw ol
Ihc .Soiilhern piople, luvecujoleil niiihUeciicil
tin. tn Ink) tl c Inlief th it there I n Jcjillv an-
t.ijjont.m Utwrrn their in.iteri.il Intercuts nnd
lluw or liiclr .Northern mtllirm. They hnve
"lluil Hie Simllirn In-.irt uml fnilruckd the
h'onl'.irn tuiml " until nt luit tiny luie pre
eipituliil llierolton tStaled into n rciolultou
ll uti muoieii e,pojnion or what l cnncciic
to bo the true llieory ol the (rmrriuncnt umkr
whieli woliie. Hut I ennnot for In a r to re
mark that If llio interpretation Unit (here
moduli lluorlsU put upon )nierniuent. I
true, they are wircr by fur lliun its founder
wire, nnd tlio authors of the (,'reat inslrument
miller which wc live most strangely overlooked
I he great nml leudaijr objicl for wlileli lln-v
il chiretl it ivua hiIjIhu) ami eglnblUheil.
There was n I lino whin wc livid limit r n con
Weruliioyilun. That piriod nurkeil (he
iutcrmcillute qtnc of our progress firun the
rude, hastily miin-iiul, illy ilevhcil gourn
limit of I ho lliio'iition, to that centralized
uml (onsollil.ilnl (Jovcinnu'iit whkli went into
operation In 1789. uml under which, without
uny fuiiilainentiil or uiateriiil miKiiilnuiil, wc
h.ivoeiiT since liviil. For tin yeurs our fore
futlura flrnldl to nuiiilnin u government
uiukr n mere leairue. under n rnero conkilera-
tioni nml thriii' jeura wcro juirs ol Iriul, of
iiumiiiutiou nmi or iisiuec. 'llio general
(inuriimiiit iiied tluir rinuUillou upon the
blulea lo furnlh their icpectlvo quotas of
invii, "i urms nun money, uut they wcro issucu
in v.ilu. Thero was n total want of nower in
Ihc head, Micro was weakness in all the narls :
and it was then they assembled in Convention
and ftuuieil n ccnlralul nml eonltdntcil (rnv
eminent. Now, fellow citizen?, 1 propo for
n inoimvit tn call jour attention to what ono
of the fomiikrs ol tho Government said In re
gard to il.
Tho nrllclo I am about to read is taken
Troii a iDfrcli inado bv Mr. I'rincev. ono of
Elbe lelc;!ulcs fvoui theSlato or fioulh Curolinn,
tn the Convention that Irametl the Csiutllu-
t Jon- It riif clews the real deslgufor which the
Union wis formed. Ho rajs i
" I oppriliuid tlio Ima intention of tho
Stales iu uniting is, to have u linn, tullvnul
Uovernmcnt, capable of cfTccttintly executing
its nclH, nml dlspeniltiL Its benefits nml protec
tion. In It alone cun be vested lhoc powcm
nmi prerogatives which more particularly dis
tinguish n sovereign Stale. Tho members
which compooo Ihc superintending Government
are to bo conildcml merely as parts orn great
whole, nnd only sulTercil to retain tho powers
ncccsMry tn the ndmtnistrntlnn nf tl.nlp Hintn
syMcms. llio Idea which has been so long
rulscly entertained or ench being a sovereign
State, mujl bo given up ; for it is nbsurd to
tu,uwj insro can no more tlmn nno sovcr
cgniy wit nin n government. Tho States
jiioiiui reinii naming moro than that mere
loenl legislation, which, as districts of n gen
ui" n'i i nun in. tiii-v i-mi PTrrn in mum in n.n
I if, ft . ' vnnvirv ll)UI- l IIIU
bcneilt or their particular Inhabllmils, limn If
ii. ni vrsicu in me supreme Council j but In
every rorclgn concern, as well n in tlioso Inter-
oni nguiiiiions, winch, respecting the whole,
ought tn bo uniform and national, tho Stales
mint not be ruft'ercd to Interfere."
In his recent innnnim in tin Hnnii.nrn rn.
lulcrncy, .lilllrson Davis rays that tho right of
ii niuiu i juiigc oi us own wrongs " was nm n
liilnrtl liy nvcrnlo!mIng mniorltlcs of llio peo
p'o of nil the Hlnles or the Union, ejiieclally In
tho cliclion of Mr. .IilKrion In 1800, Mr.
.Madison in leO!), and Air. Tierco In 18512."
Mr. Jiflerson In his Inaugural uddresi, In
IBtll, the fcnllmenls ofwlikh ho repeated in
1805. made use ol tlio following cxprcs!ons :
"Tl.o preservation of tho Oct.crnl Uovern
mcnt In Its whole constitutional vigor, ns the
sheet nuclior of our pence nt homo and safety
abroad j absolute ncipilcicenco In tho deci
sions or tho majority, the vital principles or re
public, rrum which thero Is no nppeul but lo
force, tho vital principle and Immediate parent
nfdi-f iml Ism."
In 1787 Mr. iTifflrson ivrolo :
" Whin tun parties make n compact, there
results to rnih u poiurorcomticlliug the other
to execute It"
In lfllio. alter the election or Mr.'Miuliion
to the I'rwlikucy. the electors uf Virginia, the
the Slate Corresponding Committee, nnd Ibe
(Joicrnor oflhe Sluloguvon public dinner iu
Itkhmnml. The fourteenth regular toast was
as follows :
"Tint Union or -run Status j tiir maoh-
1TV Ml'cT IIIIVIJUN J IT IS TOKASOS T() RKritllK."
rellow citizens, ere twehe moom shall Imve
fllhd their horns, Lincoln uml Scott and Me
Clclkii nnd u host of nrmeil tmtrlots will
ilr.nk that sentiment pgnln in Kiclinionil. 1
know Unit Virginia Is now in open rebellion
against the. I'lilcml (ioicrnmcnt ; but I inn
not yet prcimreil In believe that tho majority
of lur pi o p'o arc dislojnl. No toonir was the
iirilinnnco revering her connection witli the
(lencriil (inurnment pawn), than nn exodus
look nl.ici! frmii tho ('ollon .Stales j tliei
poured thelrnrmics Into A'irglnla, and the Olil
Dominion win focirrti Into b'ecersslon by tlr
annul Munuluki'S of treason. I belieic. how-
cier, Ihiit so soon ns a majority of tho iicop'c
or that Slate feci tho protecting arm of the
General Government nrouml them, they will
bring her buvk upon the side or the Constitu
tion uml the Union. Scott's " Hon Constric
tor" is fust enielonioL' the treason in its fold.
and soon the filial coll will Iks drown tlmtuliull
strangle It lo death. IKhold in tlio not far oil
distance the mntiicr ol blules nnd statesmen
returning with stukly step, nml loyal mien
bringing with l.er in her train her erring sous
Inch In their allegiance uud their duty. Ap
'When we ronkmp'ule Ihc grandeur and
power of llio Ik-public: wlcn no look back
our it brilliant rnco of glory whin wocirrj
our thoiighiA into tho future, and nntleipati
l lie still gmmler riiull that may jet bo rea
lized lo cliihation uml humanity, if wc nf
Ihi generation pruiu trim to the truMs wr
'io!d, who of us docs not Icel Uml ho nm mnkt
mi iKTiouul wenflco too great, fur thnpriK'rvu
lion of Ihu Const. tulion nnd the Union, us our
'ill In. is formed lliun. Under tho military In
Ihunro of llmt (.'oimtilut!on,nnd of ll at Union,
this proud cliy has rl.cn from earth uud mm
ni ll by the stroke ol soma enchanter's wand.
Hero industry has rcuieil palatial homes ; hen
religion bus ruirtd Its s.icrtd temples; here
education l.us ilflnscil lis bimlllsaud Us bless
lugs ; liillierlhe Star ol ICinnirc has tuken it
rosiest western courte, and liero nmy foreicr
hliio wilhcloud!is rudiance, m.d Illumine the'
ky witli the mild ami holy lights of Ameriean
Conslllulloniil liberty, of Jmllce, of order, and
of law. Tuinultuom iipplniiHi.)
I'l.iTrnnTiiii Coi'Iitsiiii. One long summer
afternoon Micro cnuu tn Mr. Davidson's tl e
maU nirious specimen or Tin old batchelor the
nor'il over heard of. Ho was old, gray,
wruikled nnd odd. llehutril women, esjucin'
ly old ni.ild.i. and wasn't afraid to say fo. IL
mid Aunt l'utty had It hot nnd heavy, when
1'ier ehatieo thrc.v lliun together t yet still
hf came, uud It was noticed tliat Aunt l'utty
look unusual pilns with her dress whenever
h i was ex)ecli-il. Ono d ly llio contest wngul
unusually strong, Aunt Pally left him iu ills
4iiit,nud went into the garden. " The bear I
llio muttered to hcrn-lf, us tho stnojml to
father a blossom whkh iitlracteil her ntlen
' What did you run away for T" said a
gruff i nice close to her tide,
"To get rid or you."
" You didn't do it.dld jou?"
" No j jou are wnrro thau n burdock bur."
" You won't get rid of mo, neither."
"I won't, eh!"
"Only in ono wnj1."
".Marry me I"
" What, us two foo's get married T What
will people say l"
" That's nothing to us. Come, say yes or
no j I'm iu a hurry."
" Well, no. then."
" Very well, good byo. I shant coino
" Hut stop a bit what a putker lo bo in J"
" Yes or no ?"
" 1 must consult"
" All right i I thought you was of age.
"Jab'e-z Andrews, don't bo a fool. Conio
back, comu baik 1 fay. Whj', I belieic tho
critter has taken me for earnest, Jabcz An
drews. I'll consider"
" I don't want no considering. I'm gone.
Ilecky Hasting is waiting for me. I thought
I'd glic you tlio chuuec. All right. Good
bye." " Jnlivz Jubez ! 'i'lmt stuck-up Ilecky
Hastings shan't have jou, If I iliu for It
Jubcz Yes. Do you hear T Y-c-s,"
Uknkiiai. I.von and .MoCuj.i.ocii. Lyon
has about 10,000 effective, lighters, ami will
giio battle at oucc to McCulloch, who is In
the southwest corner ot .Missouri. Jdn. .Mc
Culloch was iu Hie engagement at Carthago
with Blgcl. ns ucwro renoueti. I ney iook a
guard of 100 Federals, left nt Neosho, priso
nets. 'J'ho Missouri troops wished to hang
tl.cm. Den McCulloch refused to do so, nnu
released them on luking oath not to bear onus
ugaiast the Confederates, ami sent them to
wurds Springfield, with an escort of Arkan
irfiius, for piotwlkn ogaiust tho luTurlatcd
It Is reported In Washington that Gcncrnl
Scott has determined to toko tho field. Ho
will cross the Potomac 03d assume the super
vision of Gen. McDowell's division. His
body guard will bu picked men, uud a number
haio nlrcedy been selected.
ThoGrnnd Juryoftho United Stales Dis
trict Court, In Unltimorc, ou July 10th, round
true bills of Indictment for treason against
John Merrlman, Charles C'ockcy, Samuel
Mueller, Lewis Hitter, .Tnmca McCartney.
Philip Cusntre, Mitchell Hooper and lllchard
H. Mithell. K found guilty ot tho charge, the
punishment Is denth.
Colonel Kelley. who was so severely
wounded by n would-bo assassin at tho taking
of I'ltllippl, Is rapidly recovering, nnd soon
will resume his command.
The Slnto ol Jmllanin will soon hnve
twcnly-thrco regiments iu tho field, aggrega
ting over twcnly-thrco thousand men.
Ono of the boys In Colonel Durycn's reg
iment of )unvw, wlillo iu tlio great Ilelltel
light, writes to sister nnd friends, " in should
die, remenber tho holy cause in which 1 fell,
and let your sorrow. Ir deep, be proud."
Judiro Mulr of Kentucky has decldtd In
favor if tho right of tho Federal Government
to Interdict tho transportation of freight to
1 here Is nt present In llio bank of tho city
or New York about -18,000,000 In specie, nnd
It Is cstliniited Hint next week it will be
Iticrcns rd to 830,000,000.
A letter from Ccredo, Wayne county, Vir
ginia, written by one orLli Thnycr's colonists,
appears in tho Huston papas, it tells this
sorry story :
Wc are In n miserably confused condition
here. The " reign of leror " lias not yet com
menced in this country, but' tho traitors arc
trjing It, and would. If they dared, begin to
urrest nnd drive oil' Union men. At tlio vo
ting on the ordinance of tcscsslon, tlio county
guie llio huudrid nml eighty majority against
tho ordinance. Hut inuiiy of the votes iigaiust
it were obtained by careful nml disciect man
ngemcut, (altogether different from the mode
of managing such mutters iu jour Slate.) am
the votes cannot be reliul upon. Wu cannot
depend upon more limn hair the number lu an
The excitement has been Intonio here for
three wciks. The camt) of thu rebels on the
Kiinawhn Is fifty miles from hero, nnd is do
signid to '-straighten up things" In the six
or eight reTiuelory counties in tills part or the
State. Tlio rebels tire constantly drumming up
recruits hero for that camp, nml the lender
nml ull prominent Tories do nothing el o but
nncrulu upon undecided nnd timid men. to In-
ilueo them to either join the wronir tmtty rr
refuse to countenance the lojal men. They do
turn many. And this Is why the panic is so
fritiuent and so distressing.
We liuvu hopes Unit Government will send
In n few troops. Hut thero nro vety ninny
places In Western Virginia wliero troops arc
needed as much or more than here. So we
nn a n to do all wo can to protect ourselves,
and u good many will resist to the death. It
is a very bad condition of things, however
Nearly half tho cropjnf the country nrc totally
neglected, uml whllo Micro is so much excite
ment no one cun propet ly attend to his buit
Tlio cmif lays : " It Is pmlifylng lo lenm
that the visit or General Hacklier, of Ken
tucky, to Washington has confirmed hint in
his loynlily to the Hag under which his mili
tary reputation wns acquired. It is under
stood llint on Ids re I urn to Kentucky ho will
resign his romniun I of tho Stuto Guard, which
is under Secession Inllncnivs, uml It is tint Im
probub'o lh.it lio will be nlk-rcd n position iu
thoTnitcd States army. General Scott has
conliihuco iu his word ofhonnrs
II. Siiinge, humirly of DiIcvqii, Wulnorlh
county, Wucouslu, who has Just returned from
Mobiie, Alabama, whither lie went as the
ugnt for the sulo of u shingle machine, nnd
who has had six J ears or experience in the
South, has Just returned, nnd from him wc
gntliir the following budget of news.
lie tii) sit is now utterly Impossible for n
man to come away from the South, iiorthwuid,
iiuhfs he eon succeed iu getting a penult from
the Goicrnornf the State, which is no easy
matter. Suiugo succeeded in gelling nwnj
lifter rcieivlng two bullet shots from un oflieir
fo- refusing to bind himself to reriu fur three
cur in the rebel unny, by being secreted en
board n beat whose captain felt un interest in
him. 'I ho passengers on the boat were exam
ined ut ecu nil plans along tho river, but he
was " stowed aiwiy " to thut ll.cy did not ills
At Mobile n wnr meeting was held recently,
at which uboul '.'.MO K-r8ons lure present.
Speeches in favor of the war were nude by
wiernl blustering huvjers. Among them were
w.bpcur J. it. 'luyior, J., tprague, uml u
Klsey, A wialthy merchant, lirotliir of J
11. Tnj lor, who inailo u war speech on this
occasion, had been thot dead behind his own
counter on uecount of his Union sentiments,
uml notn'ng was done about it. At the nn cl
ing nboie referred to, Mine grey headed men
tipokc agaliiit the Bccetston movement. One
of thetoold gentlemen Bald ho was from Ioni
slaiiu wits oiipo.ul to the tnnicinent from the
first. He said the South can neu-r conquer
llio North. " You nro fighting your bread
out of jour nwiinmiillis," lie suid : "jou are
.iving hard times already, but it is only a fore
taste of what is to come. Henddul, "A pack
of liot-heudi-d lawicrs nml politklans liavo
well nigh ruined the country. More thau half
tho plunters of my Htuto nro opposed to the
war. Tho Cotton States can't liva three
mouths unless they cct
provisions Irom tne
North. Ahcudy bunds of poor men of sev-
Mieudy bunds of
erul liundre-ds in each party nro prowling about
llio country, taking cie-ry thing they cau lay
their hands upon, to prevent thenicelves and
their families from starving, and thero is no
power tostnpthim. I have not got provi
sions to last my ono hundred uigroes ono
month, and tell mo whew nm I to get more !"
'I he other two old men spoke with equal earn
estness and In a similur etruin, and the audi
euco looked crestfallen after tho old man
spoke. Had such a speech bciu made by a
Norlbern-born man ho would have beeu shot
on the spot.
SnioKO soys only nfow days before bo left
Mobile ho saw a company of from C0Q. to 800
men, many of whom he well knew, parading
the streets with a banner on which was prin
ted " Dread or Hlood I" and they emptied the
bakers' shops of tho city, and none molested
llieni. Afterward a meeting of citizens was
held on tho subject of providing for tlio Buffer
ing poor. Tlio meeting quarreled nearly all
night, and finally broke up in a row, without
Ho says on tho boat on which to camo up
the river he saw thirty Germans, with their
fomlllcs, from Texas, emigrating northward.
The men. hnvlntr no " passes." were compelled
to go un sliore furnished with gnus and im-
prsui into mo rcoct army, inuir mini lies
wcro mcrelli'Mly sent up tho river lo shift for
themselves us best (hoy could,
Savugc says the general imbresjlen in Mo
bile Is that they can never bent the North,
but they say " Wo must now mako tho best
show wc can, nnd scaro the North Into sub
mission." Othcm who ore of French descent,
of whom there nro many, encourage themselves
with the belief that Fraucc will como to their
According to Snvago's account, the condi
tion ol affairs is rapidly becoming desperate
In those Stntes. Tho tcrrotsm which has been
Inaugurated by tho demagogues who got up
the Secession movement, has unsettled every
thing In tho wuy of bmlncsa. Neither life
nor properly is safe, and famine is beginning
to stalk nil over the land.
It is evident that these things cannot Inst
long. Tho renctinn has already begun. Tho
question will soon be generuly asked : Shall
wo follow these leaders uf ours Into war, bank
ruptcy, and starvation, or go back to the old
Union, nnd llvo and prosper ns formely?
Thoro will, ero long, bo a revolution against the
A Sap Accidknt. We recently chronicled
an accident to a young girl in Sou i'rnnclsco,
of whose recovery thero is somo hope. The
particulars uro thns given In tho Cult, of July
About half past two o'clock vcslcrdnv. n
bay mare, ridden oy a boy about eleycu ytnr
of ago, whoso nnino wc could not karn, run oil,
starting on Kearny street, near the I'luzn, nnd
mnkirir south. Persons on the strict he Id
their breath from finr, so great was her speed,
and every heart, to uso tho ordinary phrase,
wns in mo iuroai,ior lenr mo guiiaui rider
would meet with n mishap. When near llrush
stieet, the horse struck nnfl knocked down a
little girl, ngid file yeurs, daughter of Adam
Uootc, who keeps a hold ou Kearny street,
nnd immediately fell with his rhkr. Tho lit
tle boy was assisted up, and wns found to be
unhurt, and not withstanding tho remon
strance of those present, ho remounted ard
rude off, raying that ho trusted that tho little
girl was not hurt. On attending lo her it
was found thut the horso had struck her on
the kit of the back portion ol her I cad, frac
ture! the skull. Drs. Coojier, Sheldon nnd
Lano performed tho ojierutloii trepanning,
nmovlntr about nn inch of tlio skull, nml the
little sufTercr, who, whilst under tho surgeon's
care, was continually exclaiming, "Mother, I
will be good, for I am dying," wns icmovid
to her parents' home. It is hoped she will
recover. The excitement was so great that
thu little girl, who was actually tho only suf
ferer, was not thought or, the whola feeling con
centrated on tho Ind who had evinced so much
cauruge, for during tho period that the horse
was at lull speed, although ho had tost his cap,
ho wns heard but once to cnll for help, which,
of course, could not bo afforded him, ns the
animal was fairly flying. Later lu the after
noon it wns ascertained that the lad who was
riding tlio horso wus the son or Joseph Jeffer
son, information being sent to the pollco that
ho would be held iu readiness to answer. The
matter wns purely accidental, nnd no blame
enn be nltnchcd to tho hid, as it is a wondet
thut he himself hud not sustained serious In-
What is Martial Law. At tho prccnt
crisis, the significance of n term so much used,
and with so little accurate sense of its mean
ing, b.'comes unusually Important.
llouvler dcflnm martial law as " a code
eutabllshcd fur the government of the army
nnd navy of tlio United States," whot.0 princi
pal rules nro to bo found in the nrticles of war,
prescribed by tho act of Congress. Hut Chan-c-'llor
Kent snjs this definition applies only to
military law, while marshal law is quite a dit
tlnct thing, nml is founded on a paramount
necessity, and proclaimed by a military chief
Murllal law U generally and vaguely held
tn be n suspension of all ordinary civil rights
and process, as such, approximates closely
to ii military despotism. It Is nn arbitrary
law, originating in emergencies. In times of
cxtrcu.o peril to tho Slate, cither from without
or from within, the publlo welfuio demands
extraordinary measures. And martial law
being proclulined, signifies that tlio operation
of tho ordinary legal delays of Jmtice Is sus
landed by the military power, which has for
tho tlmo becomo supreme. It suspends the
operation or the writ oThnbtm coijuu ; enables
Hrons charged with treason to bo summarily
trhd by court-martial instead of croud lurv :
justlllcj searches and seizures or private pro-
peri)', unit urn laiiing possession or putiiic
iiighn-iiys mid other menus of communication.
Involving the highest excrciso of sovereignty,
It Is, or eourso, capable of great abuso and Is
only to be Justified on emergencies of tho moat
imperative and perilous nature.
VmnistA on Skcksswx 1814 At the
pcrkd of the celebrated Hartford Convention,
when it was supposed by many that New
laiglund wns contemplating secession, tho
Kiclunond Untpmtr, then at now a trading
print, uttered tho following and forcible
" Nn man, no association of men, no Stnte
nor set of Stntes, has a right to withdraw it
self from tho Union nf its own uccord. The
somo power which knit us together can only
unknlt. The sumo formality which forged the
links of the Union is necessary to dissolve it
The majority of the Slates which form the
Union must consent to tho withdrawal or any
ono branch or it. Until that consent has been
obtained, any nltrnipt to dWoko the Union,
nr obstruct tho efficiency of its constitutional
laws, is treason treason to all intents nud
purposes. Any other doctrine, such ns thut
which has been lately held forth by the Fed
eral Republican, (hat any ouo State may with
draw itself from the Union, Is on abominable
heresy which strips its nuthor of every possi
ble pretension to t)io name or character of a
Gkn. GpoitaE McCr.Kt.UN. The most bril
liant officer now in tho field, of rcgulur milita
ry training, is a Philadelphia!! by birth and
residence. Gen. George McClellan is the
second son of tho Kite Dr. Georgo MeClellnn,
M. D., of Wulunt street. Gen. McClel'un has
been repeatedly spoken of as from Woodstock,
Connecticut. His father was from Wood
stock, nnd nftcr graduating at Yale College,
in 1813, ho settled in Philadelphia, in 1817,
where ho resided until his death in May, 1847.
Ho married, in 1821, into ono of tho most in
fluential families u Philadelphia, and his
second son is tbe distinguished General now in
command of tho Western sccllou of our army,
oi wuom our citizens win near lurtner uctore
long. Tho family Is of Scotch ancestry, of
martial spirit, and have always been opposed
to oppression. Ono or General McClcllan's
ancestors was in the battle of Cullodcn, and
his great-grandfather was General Samuel
McOjolkit), of the devolution. At the early
ago of twenty, then a Lieutenant, McClellan
went out with tbe rappers nnd miners in the
Valley of Mexico, iu tho war of 1816, which
terminated iu the capture of tho City of Mex
ico, ami tho promlso of his youth has been
mom than confirmed In the bueecsaful career of
hu jet curly wauboexl.iY(i(aur(p(iu Expmi
From tho Sentinel Extra, Sunday, Aug. uh
Highly Important Great Battle-4,000
Killed Atlantic Nowa to July 26.
Sacraurnto, Angust 3d.
The Pony with dates fromSt.Ixuls to July
2C, arrived nt Edwards Creek, 110 mllcsenst
or Fort Churchill, on tho 2d Inst, nt S P. M.
The bridge of the Potomac, nt Harrier's Kerry,
will bo up to-morrow.
Washinoton, Jnly 21st.
The World's dispatch snys the enemy, with
an immense force attempted to turn our rfght
flank, nnd camo near being successful, when
our large sclge gun, a 24 pounder opened on
them, cnusing immense loss nnd routing them.
Dispatches of the 21st say our troops at
Manasscs Junction number 45,000.
The fighting nt Hull Hun commenced nt 3
A. M. and continued most desperately until
2 P. M. The rebels wcro driven back, Inch
by inch, leaving their dead on tho field. The
loss of llfo wns frightful on both sides. Our
troops behaved most gallantly, and tho guns
served effectively. It Is said the whole force
of Heauregnrd was engaged, Gen. Johnston
having joined the rcbe!sras previously stated,
making Ueaurcgnrd's force seventy thousand.
U.vi.TtJionK, July 21.
To day Gen. Dix arrived and to-morrow su
pcrccdes Hanks, who will supercede Patterson.
Wahiiinotos, July 21 Midnight.
Tho hattlo has been one of the most to'crc
ever fought on this continent. Up to 2 o'clock
tho enemy were driven nearly two miles, falling
back from ono position to nnothcr, equally
strong nt every point and fresh reinforcement
pouring in almost without number. The
Zouaves were terribly cut up. While drawing
up to mako nn attack, they wcro assailed by a
concealed battery, with a strong support, on
their flunk, and forced to break.
Washington, July 22d.
After tho last information from Ccntcrvlllc.
nt half-past 7 last night a scries of events took
place of the intensest interest, many confused
rumors aro afloat, enough is known to warrant
the .stntcmcut that wo suffend in a degree
which casts n gloom over all and excited the
deepest melancholy throughout Washington the
carnngo wns tremendous on both sides, ours
is represented as frightful. Wo wcro advanc
ing and taking their masked batteries slowly
uui surely, driving tho enemy toward Man-
nsses when they seemed to bo reinforced by
ucncrul Johnson, who It appears took the
command Immediately and commenced driving
us back, when a panic among our troops sud
denly occurred nud a regular stampede look
place. 'J hough Gen. McDowell attempted to
mako a stand nt Ccutrcville, but the panic was
so fearful that tho whole ar?y became demor
alized and It was Impossible tQ check them at
Ccntervillo or Fulrfax Court House. The re
treat continued till it readied tho regular In
trcncliments. A lurgo number fell by the woy
from exhaustion. Gen. McDowell was In the
nar exerting himself to rally tho men with
ouly partial effect, tho latter part of tho army
Is said to have mado tho retreat Iu order. A
prisoner says the force sent ogaiust us consists
or about 30.000, Including largo numbers of
cavalry ho suys owing to reinforccmcnls from
Ulcbmond, linrrlsburg and other points the
enemy's effectiro force was 1)0,000. Our Fire
Zouaves, New York 19th, end other regiments
ulfercil frightfully j several of our batteries
were taken by the enemy, also the 32 iiosnders
rifle siege cannon. Our provision train Iz sup
posed saved, large droves ofcattlo wcro saved
by being driven back. It Is lupposed General
Mansfield will tako command of tho fortifica
tions on the other side of tho Potomac, which
are pronounced by military cngluecrs, uble to
hold out ogaiust any force the euemy may
bring against them. Largo rifled cauuou and
mortars are being rapidly mouuted. The City
is intensly excited lids morning, wagon with
the dead and wounded are coutinuully arriving
and the feeling awfully distressing. Tho tele
graph and steamboat communication with
Alexandria is suspended to tho public to-dav
The panic which resulted so disastrou.ly, U
said to havo broken out among the teamsters
and civilians aud communicated to the rear
of the army.
HALTiMoni:, July 22d.
Immediately after tho confirmation of the
retreat of thu Union forces, tho 21th"reglmcnt
whoso enlutraent expires, unauimously signed
a paper to re-enlist for 5 jears. Gen. Hanks
leaves for Gen. Patterson's column to-mo'rrotr
morning. 'J'ho City Is greatly excited and
offers of regiments are being made to keep
disorderly secessionists quiet in their present
delirium of joy. Unionists attribute the do
feate to the Inactivity of Patterson, who Is re
ported, was a dozen times officially telegruphed
to engage Johnson at any odds.
On Sunday about 30 arrests were made for
attempting to incite mobs. Gov. Sprague's
bravery during the whole day, challenged uni
versal admiration. Tho Fire Zouaves fought
like devils, several other regiments aro highly
Washington, July 22d.
It Is reported the Hlack Horso Cavalry
attacked our rear in tho retreat, when a rem
nant of thoFiro Zouaves turned nnd fired,
killing all but six of them.
Nkw York, 21st.
Arrived Bchoooer S. J. Warring captured
by privateer Jeff. Davis, on tbe night of the
12th, fifty miles south of Charleston. The
steward, Win. Gallmau, colored, killed three
of the prize crew with a hatchet, tho other
two wcro released on promising to assist in
working the vessel.
In the Senate tho bill to provide for Iron
clad ships and floc.ting batteries, was passed.
A resolution providing for a board -of ex
aminers, to examine Stevens' floating battery
SI. Louis, July 22d.
Eighty-fire men women and children arrived
from their homes by Secessionists.
Fort Kearney-, Jnly 25th.
The following are tho latest items of inter
est by telegraph. Gen. McOlcllan has been
summarily summoned by Government to tako
command on the Potomac, Gen. lloscncraftt
talus his place.
The rorpi dt arwet is fo be Instantly organ.
Ized and increavd. Offers of regiments at
ready raised arc being mado and will bo ac
cepted with rapidity.
The number of killed and wounded grada.
nlly decreasing. About forty wagons from
our army fell into the hands of tho rebels. In
many Instances teamsters unhitched their hor
ses and lied when there was no necessity.
An Infernal maehlno, evidently Intended to
destroy ships, was washed ashore at Fortress
The "Floyd" gnn will soon lie moved lo an
noy Swwnll Point. Tho ''Union" will also
soon he mounted.
pRonnExct:, July 23d.
I.Icut.-Govcrnor Arnold has issued a pro
clamation, pnjing n tribute over tho dead sol
diers, aud calling for the enlistment of moro
A large nnd spirited meeting was held lots
morning, nnd expressed tho determination of
llhoda Island to redouble her exertions in tan
porting tho Union.
Washington, July 23J.
Uoat arc again running to Alexandria.
An official list is being prjparcd rnpiJIy of
the number killed Il Is much leu than sup
posed. Loss on part of rebels, 3,000. Tho
action on the part of the rebels with wounded
is said to be perfectly barbcrous. A soldier
belonging to a Connecticut regiment, finding
a wounded rebel, carried him to a shade and
gavo him a drink from his canteen, when ha
revived and shot the Connecticut soldier dead.
New Yonic, July 33d.
An Englishman who had been j resent at
all tho Crimean battles cays tbe fighting of
our soldiers at Hull's Han was of tho most
splendid kind. Such charges as were made by
the Firo Zouaves and New York Sixty ninth
he had not seen at Inkerman or the Alma.
Washington, July 23d.
It Is now well ascertained that tho LilUb
last uight from Toxns county, Mo,
on our side will full short of 1,000. vHTr
CAino, July 25.
The rebels nro rapidly organizing in Ken
tucky, opposite here. Gen. Wnlklns isnv
portnl encamped seven miles from HlootnOcklj.
with 2,000 won.
Wasiiinoton, July 23d.
About 200,000 men have been ordered here
from different stations.
The Governors of tbe New Erglsnd Stntes
und New York respond nobly.
The President and Secretary Scwnrd vis
ited the fortifications on the Virginia sido to
day, and wcro received by tbe gnllsnt Sixty.
ninth with tho greatest enthusiasm. Tho
President asked If they Intended to re-enlist.
They replied, " Yes, yes, If tho President de
sires it." The President announced that ha
did so desire, end wrote them a letter compli
menting them on their brave aud heroic con
duct, nud expressing the hope that the whola
regiment would enlist. This was received
amidst cheers und the determination expressed
t ) go In for this war, stand by the Government
and flag forever. Another lnstsnco is men.
tloncd where our wounded, placed lu the shade,
were fired ujhiu by the rebels.
Fatal Accident in Caxhridoe, Mama
chisktth. Mrs. Longfellow, wife of the poet,
was burned to death July 10th, In Cambridge,
MassachuMlts, by her dress culchirg fire. She
was the daughter of Nalhau Apple ton of Ho,
ton, and a beautiful and accoinpisbcd woman.
A Boston roper says :
About Ave o'clock in the afternoon Mrs.
Longfellow was standing ct a Uble in the li
brary, making wax seals for the amusement of
her ihiuxhkr. She threw down a lighted
match which struck her light clothing, setting
it ou fire, and she was almost immediately en
veloped In flames. Pro'i-wor Longfellow, who
was near at hand, rushed to her utsistancc, and
succeeded, with difficulty, In consequence of tbe
thin texture of her clothlug, In extinguishing
ihc fire. Site was burned upon almost every
part of her person except her fuce, but she suc
ceeded in keening the fire from that, and it U
believed she did not inhale any or the flames.
Pron-tsor IjOiiiiklluw's hands were wry bsdly
burned, but he ri cell id little injury besides
that, und is not considered to bo in any danger.
Iloth were kept under the iulluuence of ether
all night by the directlou of attending jdiysl
cians, Drs. Wymun or Cambridge, 11. J. JJigC
low of Hoston, und others.
She died the next day,
One ok 1'i.ovd's PuRroRMAM-r. It will
bo remembered that Floyd, during his unim
peded career of lurceoy and treason, found a
number of the luuvlst guns belonging to the
United Slates which could not be readily ship
ped to tho South, nor put into any other posi
tion wliero they would be unlikely to do tbst
section injury, and that as a lust resort be
condemed und sold them as old Iron. A Pst
erson (New Jcrtcyl firm bought a number of
them for twenty dollars pcf tou. Upon coming
to inspect them they wire found worth, as un
manumctund Iron uloue, three times the price
paid for them. There harduess was such that
it wus found Impossible to breuk them up for
llio furnace by the odioory means, and a few
of them were finally wrenched to pieces In a
lathe. The remainder wero rc-purehusod for t
Government yesterday by a commission from
the War Department, and found to be sound in
A Fmiimo Family. We had expected
before Ibis time that two of our sons would be
hero to assist iu in our paper,. Jut a late
letter intorms us tuai utcy imve joineu a com
pany pf volunteers and gone to Virginia. One
of these bojs is ouly fifteen jears of oge.
They wcro takcu out of tho company when if
started for Columbus, Ohio i but the little
fellows were not satisfied. They ran off ss4
walked over two hundred miles, and are Baff
in their company in Virginia. It oppesirr
that the Drowns uro bent on taking Harper's
Ferry, Another son of ours ro!!r. and it
may bo that he also has gone to Harper's
Ferry. )o have yet four sons left that, cm
too young to shoot, am) hope if wo have tfooJ
luck, to have $cvcu nioie. We have enlisted
for the war. 'ro"' (ta) Volwtctr,