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About Washington independent. (Hillsboro, Washington County, Or.) 1874-18?? | View This Issue
Every Thursday Evening,
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Office, - - - Old Court House,
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Single copy pr ycr ti 50
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Miigls number 10
HILLSBORO, WASHINGTON COUNTY, OREGON, THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 14, 187C.
- NO. 24.
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Bayard Taylor's Travesty 011 Joaquin
31 i Her.
Bayard Taylor's new hook, "Tin- Echo
Club," contain the following. Any one who
has read Joaquin Miller will recognize the
cleverness of the lines below:
THE FATE OF THE IKON XI EltSM N
That whisky jug! For, dry or wet,
My tale will need its help, you bet!
We niudu for the desert, she ami I,
Though life was loathsome, and love a lie,
And she gazed on me with her glorious eye,
But all th same I let her die!
For why There was barely water for one
In the small canteen, and of provender, none !
A splendid snake with an emerald scale
Slid before, us ulutii,' the trail,
Willi a famidtetl parrot peeking its head;
And, seizing a huge and dark brown rock
la her dark brown hands, us you crush a
With the dark brown rock slie crushed it
But ere her teeth in its flesh could meet,
I laid her as dead us the snake at my feet,
And grabbed the snake for myself to eat.
The plain stretched w ide, from side to side,
As bare and blistered and cracked ami dried
As a moccasin sole of buffalo hide.
And my throat j;rew hot-us I walked the trail.
My blood iu a sizzle, my muscles dry,
A crimson glare in my glorious eye,
And I felt my sinews wither and fail,
Like one vvho has lavished, for lifty nights,
His pile in a hell of gambling delights.
And is kicked at dawn from bottle and bed.
And sent to the gulches without a red.
There was no penguin to pick or pluck.
No armadillo's throat to be stuck.
Not even a billberry's ball of blue,
To slush my tongue with its indigo dew.
And the dry, brown palm trees rattled uud
Like the swish and swizzle of Walker's
I was nigh rubbed out; when far away,
A shanty, baked in the furnace of day,
And I petered on, for an hour or more.
Till I dropped, like a mangy hound, at the
No soul to be seen; but a basin stood
On a bench, with a mess of dubious fo d,
Stringy and doughy and lumpy and thick
As the clay ere Harm; had turned it to brick.
I gobbled it up with a furious tire,
A prairie squall of hungry desire,
And strength came back; when lo! a scream
Closed my stomach and burst my dream.
She stood before me, as lithe and tall
As a niusfpjeet bush of the I'iuo's wall;
Fierce as theami panther's leap.
Fair as the slim Apache sheep
A lariat draped her broad brown hips.
And she stood and glared with parted lips.
While piercing stitches und maddening
Ran through my body, from brain to boots.
I would have clasped her, but ere I could.
She flung back her hair's tempestuous hood.
And screamed in a voice like a tiger-cat's,
"You've gone and ett up my pizeii for rats!"
My blood grew limp and my hair grew hard
As the steely tail of the desert, pard;
I sank at her feet, convulsed and pale.
And kissed in my anguish her brown toe-nail.
You may rip the clouds from the frescoed sky,
Or tear the man from his place in the moon.
Fur from the buzzard and plumes from the
But you can't tear me from the truth I cry,
That life Is loathsome and love a lie.
She lifted me up to her bare brown face;
She cracked my ribs in her brown embrace;
And there in the shanty, side by side,
Each on the other's bosom died.
She's now the mistress of Buffalo Bill,
And pure us the heart of alily still;
While I have killed all who cared forme,
And I'm just as lonely as I can be;
4so pass the whisky we'll have a spree!
Miss Vane said she was never more
annoyed iu her life tliau wheu Hamilton
I'rescott sanl lie loved her. Mie was
completely astonished; she who often
had boasted of never being taken by sur
prise. It was an awkward situation,
truly. Tony, as she called him. was a
member 01 the tanuly household Aunt
Margaret's step-sou ; a cousin by courte
sy Miss Vane called him so, because of
the convenience of the title; he used it
because of the precious fellowship it im
parted. They had been more intimate
than the young; lady knew. Tony had
takeu yards when she had given inches,
It was near Fj aster, one of those still,
white nights peculiar to the season. The
ground was bare, the landscape barren by
day, but night swathed it in mysterious
beauty. Weird lights and shades played
over the distant hills and along the road
side. The scene was idealized. Cornelia
threw on her cloak, and, leaving the gen
tlemen talking, ran out on the piazza to
get a breath of fresh air. Hamilton fol
lowed her, as she expected he would.
"Isn't it a splendid night;" she said.
"I wish I had a little, hollow moon to go
sailing up iu."
" You haven't said you were glad to see
roe," said lie.
"(Had to see you," she re-echoed, shak
ing her shoulders. "D n't you know
that you are the king of 1! iredoni, and
that the time we spend together is counted
by leaden bullets, not diamond sparks
that I forget your very existence when
you are away, and ever so much more;"
Jlere she looked at him.
Instead of reply, he kissed her. Then
followed the irrevokable words.
"O, Hamilton!" she cried, in a kind of
dismay, yet trying to laugh it off; "don't
le making a victim of me. Are there
not girls enough in Troy ?"
'"There is only one iu the world to me,
as you know, Cornelc."
"Vou have been taking an overdose of
Uyron. Drink beer, eat beef, atid re
cover." MJ seriou, -Cornelia; I merit that
"So you do. Let's go in."
"Not until you have answered my
question. Do you love me?"
"Obstinate I Yes, very much ; but not as
you mean. You'll begladamonth heuce
that I said it."
"Vou treat me like a boy," said he,
bitterly. "As one who does not know
what it is to worship a woman."
"It's a college epidemic, Tony, of w hich
I cannot take advantage."
lie turned away with an expression of
misery site could not bear, so site laid her
hand on his arm.
"Don't let me lose my friend for these
words. Forget the freak, and promise
to say no more about it."
With all her prevented and rejected
lovers, Miss Vane knew little of love.
As the painter who dreamed of the Andes,
saw them, in their over-awing splendor,
bowing down his soul, so she took her
experience when it came. She made
Hamilton do as she said. He went back
with her into the house, and only one
detected that their manners luasked pan).
.Miss Vane had called him young. He
was no longer boyish. Amid the indif
ference of his old maimer of companion
ship, u difference thrilled her. lie acted
his part with such inconsistent variations
that hi coiisin could not help thinking
about him. She dreaded to have him
out of her sight a momenr, uncomfortable
as his presence often made her.
I5y silent consent, they dropped their
French readings and horseback canters.
Sore denials to Cornelia, w ho loved a con
genial, lively soul akin to hers. It was
long before she found out that of the
same fibre as her cou-in's was her own
woven. A very pleasant way of life was
broken up. I think they were both re
lieved and a little unhappy when the
day 'f l'resc tt's departure came.
"Lontano tlalgli occhi, lontano dal
ctiore," sighed Miss Vane, and immedi
ately proceeded to verify the proverb.
The season beginning with unusual
gay tv, she dashed into society with more
zest titan ever. Success intoxicated her.
Triumph dazzled her. I have heard Mr.
Jerald, her honest admirer, say she was
insolent in her belleship. That may be
a harsh way of putting it, but she cer
tainly played all the pranks of a spoiled
November brought the engineer again.
Cornelia was at somebody's party, so he
followed. Five mouths had passed. He
was annoyed at the laughing, warm re
ception he received from his old friends;
he wanted to see Cornelia. His eye.-,
coursed the dancers, but in vain. A
.sudden motion of the crowd swept him
near her. She was hanging on the arm
of tlie great Philadciphian, as the girls
called him Livingston Livingston.
A new sense of her beauty struck him
painfully. A dress of white gossamer
material floated ami waved about her in
airv, voluminous folds. Low, fastened
amid the heavy black hair, was a scarlet
lily; its buds and leaves made a half
coronet, which suited the peculiar yet
regal style of her features. Her eyes
were glancing here and there in merry
pride, w hile those of her companion were
fastened on the face he seemed to find so
ftir. There they walked up and down,
and he heard it said that tiie fastidious
Mr. Livingston Livingston was entrapped
Not that I'rescott was: really jealous,
he valued the man too slightly to think
Cornelia would ever take him for her
husband; but for the first time he realized
that wealth ami station was what was be
fitting she should espouse.
lly and by she caught sight of him.
Hrilliant was the change in cheek ami
lip. She left Mr. Livingston ami took
her cousin's arm, with a few words of
explanation. Her cavalier bowed with
an air of surprise, and walked away.
"Did you come for me, or to show your
newly-gathered honors to the crowd;"
".Mamma Margaret sent me for you. I
was not unwilling."
"It is almost one. I will go home now,
if you please."
' am ut your service."
While tying on her hood, Cornelia
wondered at the change she discovered
in Iter friend. He was no longer the sup
plicating lover. The look of abasement
had gone out of his eyes.
In tin; morning she took a good look
at him. Was it the moustache that gave
him the stronger air? The sweetness
that lurked in the lips was now concealed
by this silky fringe. He talked of the
events of the winter in such an easy strain.
.that Cornelia found herself silent. He
met her eyes, and his took a close survey
of her fact.
"Where are your pink cheeks? You
don't rouge at night, do you"
Nature's answered him. "I keep it
within call," answered his cousin.
"You are altered. It must be that
French way of wearing your hair."
"Is it unbecoming;"
It changes you."
"For the worse? Tell me; I don't
want to look ugly." And Miss Vane was
conscious of an irresistible grimace.
"It suits vou very well," he returned.
coolly. "After all, it is the face I fiud
"Well, what is it;"
"What is the matter with you?"
"Nothing," with a surprised air.
"Hut there is," she began; "you are
so cold and" here tear came in spite of
her etl'orts at repression.
An awkward silence ensued. Miss
Van? turned to leave him.
"Cornelia," said lie, "we are apt to
overdo our parts, and mine is not an easy
one. I stay but a short time, why not
let me be morose and unbearable!"
"O Tony, Tony !"
"D you care a straw whether I'm hap
py or unhappy ?"
""Of course ! do."
"As much as this?" he whispered, tak
ing her in his arms.
Now, Cornelia was not going to answer
that question. She could not give him
up. Than the moment he held her she
had not known a happier; but oh, those
bonds! If we could love and ask nothing,
thought the young lady. But while she
was thinking, she had answered Hamilton
I wish I could describe Hamilton a he
seemed to his friends. His features can
be drawn, but the indescribable some
thing that individualized him and made
him different from other men cannot be
caught in word. His was not a hand
some face, but a high-bred one. The
features possessed a certain feminine
delicacy, corrected by the deep blue eyes,
keen and cool often," then dancing with
electric fun. A most bewitching cleft
chin, like the tempting end of a peach.
Hut ltis manners were the attraction after
all. They were the most audacious, the
most winning, the most courtly ever met.
Sometimes you would think the very es
sence of his enjoyment lay in the bare
fact of existence; he revelled in a kind
of animal life, infecting the most solemn
prig w ith something of his frolic. Again,
he showed such keen sense, so complete
a gra-p of the subjects in which men
delight, that his own sex called him keen
headed, and admired him as much as the
women, whom he infected at will with
melancholy, philosophy, or merry fun.
Cornelia was not satisfied with herself.
Her heart led her one way, expediency
another. She had no settled plan ot ac
tion; irresolution cooled her manner.
Hamilton was in the hall when she
came down to her late breakfast. He was
at her side instantly.
"Sentiment befoie breakfast ?" expostu
"IJut you are engaged to me," said
"Am I r
"Am I not. say rather. You cannot
"Vou will not hear me. Let me go, I
want my breakfast."
"Say once again I love thee," cried he,
in mock heroic style, masking his ten
derness. She sang the line after him, and he
followed her into the breakfast-room .
That day was the rose day of Hamilton's
year. He gathered his thorns alter.
When he bade Miss Vane firewell her
doubts and fears came bat k. She had
lived tio long with the Fifth Avenue
philosophers not to believe as they in the
supremacy of wealth. Site had long ago
determined never to marry a jsoor man.
There was Carrie Orcutt, she could have
in irried two or three tortune, but she
took I'rose the bookkeejter, turns her
dresses and goes to the opera once a year.
She was content; but .Miss Vane wan sure
.she could not be. Hooks, music, pictures,
ti owets, travel, ease, all the sweet satis
factions life can give, were needs of hers
too strong to deny. She believed liking
w as a feeling strong enough to marry a
man with. One cannot have everything.
Love is a pleasant thing, but we all know
how it edge blunts iu the dul 1 encounters
id' economy. li m ince goes, the atmo
sphere of reserve, tin 11 the novelty of the
passion. Days passed in these and like
reasonable reflections, and then they clus
tered into months.
Meanwhile Mr. Livingston fell in love
with her. He was an exceedingly hand
some and elegant personage. Dancing
perfectly, and driving his splendid black
horses in a way to win any girl's devotion.
The way he said, "Ah, .Miss Vane," ami
sighed, would have riven any flinty heart.
When he found he could get no further
than this expressive intei jection for Miss
Vane cleverly interjosed a barrier of cool
ness between them he contented himself
with a kind of silent adoration. To see
so well-dressed a young man, with every
pastime within reach, unnumbered maid
ens mutely imploring, "Come marry me,
do, disregarding till these pretty consol
ers, toturndown the ends of his moustache
in the melancholy manner, and gaze after
Miss Vane, was amazing, to say the least
of it. Miss Vane herself was flattered.
When Hamilton next appeared on the
ground, he saw at a glance the state of
all tirs. Oood people thought it their
duty to tell him more.
Cornelia was constrained and chilly.
He walked the piazza the whole morning,
and made up his mind. He sought and
found her in the sitting-room. Aunt
Margaret ami she wen: sewing. His
mamma, as he loved to call her, looked
at him two or three times; she had what
Lainurtine calls "l'eil li vinatoire," so
she did what she could for him, made an
excuse, and left the room. Hamilton lost
"Do you wish to be released from your
engagement to ine?" he asked, commenc
ing to stab a pin-cushion with pins.
"Perhaps I should not, put it in that
way," seeing her color arid hesitate. "I
will then say I release you from any fan
cied bond. I dragged you into it half
against your will, 1 am afraid. You have
not been happy, and I suppose a marriage
with me would be called throwing your
self away. So, if you please, we w ill for
get it all and I will unlove you as fast
as I can."
While he talked, he watched her face;
he read chagrin there, but not softness.
Now she bent it to her hands. He rose
and stood a moment.
"It will not be convenient to make a
scene; so, if you can bear to see me alxnit
a day or two, and at the rare periods of
my return, matters can resume their past
appearance. Is my presence here dis
agreeable to you ;"
"No," she said.
He waited for another word; but, as
.she was still silent, he walked out.
Three days after his departure. Miss
Vane accepted Mr. Livingston. Then she
entered into the abnormal life of an en
gagement, was gazed at by adoring eyes,
was talked to as poets write lo their
loves. If it could have lasted forever!
It lasted months, and Mr. Livingston be
gan tooll'-r remonstrances. He thought
her manner by far too gracious; she had
no exclusiveness. One evening, after
waiting near her in gloomy silence, he at
length found an opportunity to say:
"Who's that queer genius with his hair
parted in the middle, who has been pros
ing so long?"
"Oh! Albert Gerard, the artist."
"The dicken9 take the painters! They
arc always hanging alxuit you. Who
cares for those unpronounceable Dutch
men? and whether the light comes from
the left or right in their stupid picture?"
"I care. 1 love to hear artists talk."
"I suppose you do. IVrhaps you had
rather have talked about Kuskin all the
evening, and left me standing here, wait
ing for the waltz you promised me."
"Oh, I did promise to dunce with you!
didn't I? There's plenty of time; you
won't let me dance with anybody else."
Livingston looked grim, ami was hard
ly melted by some sweet little speech of
Cornelia's which followed. He now found
fault so continually scolding. Miss Vane
called it that the young lady began to
feel irritated as soon as he approached
her. A visit from the future relations
stilled all rebellion. They came in a
Itody to see the prospective wearer of the
name of Livingston. They stood iu their
still" rustling silks in Aunt Margaret's
little ill aw ing-rooui, ami patronized Miss
Vane and all her lelongitigs in a most
The year that was to bring the wedding
day dawned on a fortune fallen. A severe
cold settled ill Cornelia's eyes; she caught
a prevailing epidemic; ami, after mouths
of prostration awd suffering, was pro
nounced blind. Air. Livingston" had sent
his own family physician and a cele
brate! oculist to decide on the case. U(.
had done every thing that money could
do; still, all the time, C rneli.i ha t fan
cied that her lover was le-s ardent. He
was a man who seemed to abhor misfor
tune. What could the elegant Mr. Liv
ingston do with a blind wife? thought
Cornelia, in a kind of dumb despair. So
she made Aunt Margaret write to him.
The tears fell fast from the gentle lady's
eyes as she penned the pathetic words of
renunciation. Not till the courteous ac
cept ance came, did Cornelia liecome caliy .
Aunt Margartt read the word in a voice
of stifled indignation. Cornelia would
not allow her lover to be blamed. How
Month after month passed over the day
when Cornelia had lost all. She was very
quiet under her troubles. The knowl
edge that no struggle, however strong,
no longing, however intense, no tears, no
agony, could give her back one moment
of blessed daylight, was like a spell to
her. No sorrow or lament had power to
cancel one selfish act, or make her dearly
bought wisdom other than unavailing.
IVrhaps her aunt was the only one who
did not think she lxre her trials wonder
fully; for her face, though thin and col
orless, was smiling when any one looked
at it; the voice had no cadence of regret.
Hut the waters had overwhelmed her, and,
if she did not struggle or cry out, it was
because of the strength i f the waves.
They say that the wretch committed to
the torture, when the dread executioners
cease their work for a moment to hear the
wrung confession, feel a delirious joy;
fr the pause brings to the body, andjust
pitting soul, a bliss iiii-jk-tkable. Iu
Cornelia's intervals of mental strain and
depression came moments of luxurious
It was tu a I hursday that, Mow pacing
along the upper hall, she thought sin
heard Hamilton s voice. Was it longing
fancy ? she wondered, her hand slipping
along on the baluster rail. She ixtised
one foot on the stair, but hesitated; old
emotion came back over her; the present
had changes lor each of them. He saw
her, and bounded up the stairs. A warm
grasp of the hand, a few words of wel
come on her side, an intense look into the
downcast, pallid face on his, and Hamil
ton put out his hand to help her down.
She put le-r hand on his shoulder, stud
suHcied his aid, but said, laughingly, that
she could get almut the house very saft ly
now, but at first was always stumbling
and hurting herself. When in the sitting
riMtin, he gently placed her in her own
green chair, and was strangely speechless.
"Now," said Cornelia, "tell me all
about yourself. It is very long since I
have seen yon." She could not sjteak as
if she could not see.
" Three years," answered Hamilton.
"Well, there is very little to say."
'"Vmi are well, at most, they tell ine,
and are what people call asiiccessful man."
"Yes, I believe so; but you should say
a prinnixintj young man. I'm not yet old
enough to Im; called successful."
"I wish I could see you. Are you
"I'm older, stouter, abnmznto ; read for
yourself," and he lifted her hand ami
passed it over his face. A tear fell on
Miss Vane's finger.
"And so you are going to be married?"
He hesitated, still holding the little
cob I fingers.
"How do you know that, Cornelia?'
"Kverybody know.it. You have come
to tell us about it;"
"So I have," he returned, taking art un
fair advantage, for if hi cousin'. hright
eyes had Iwcn on his face, he would never
have dared look at her so. IJut he turned
the face around so as to bring the long
lashes, gentle cheeks, and quivering mouth
plain in view. "You are not glad of it,
are you, Cornelia?"
"You deserve to be happy," was her
answer, in a tone she thought steady.
"Then, make me so!" said he, passion
ately. "I have come here for nothing
else but to see if you have a little love
"Tony," sighed Miss Vane, flushing to
the gorgeous tint of her days of empire,
"it is not right."
"What is not right, my dearest?"
"I am blind, sorrowful, jilted."
"Hut I love you, and regret no change
that bring your alTection."
"No change brings that, Hamilton. It
has been yours a long time."
"Did you love me when I released you?"
"Tell me w hen."
"That Easter night when you first spoke
to me, Tony."
"And you laughed at me. Well, you
will not laugh now;" and, looking up, he
saw Aunt Margaret, a figure of beiieHc
tum. G.nlfy' Jvly Dmk.
Teachers in Sweden are said to be a
very independent class; the tenure of
their office is for life, and they cannot be
removed except after a thorough trial.
If thi were not so, they could not suc
ceed in obtaining good teachers, because
competent men and women in Sweden
will not accept positions unless they are
assured of retaining them. Keligioiis in
struction is compulsory, but denomina
tions have equal freedom.
Good company and gol conversation
are the very sinews of virtue.
Containing the principle of making w hat
may Ie termed a good foundation for a
variety of soups.
The pieces of beef the most esteemed
for making a good broth, mc: the rumps,
the knee, the edge-bone and the hreat.
The broth of veal is not very good, ex
cept for the sick, as it is weak and color
less. Mutton, especially the pieces of
the fore quarter, that is to say, the neck,
the shoulder and the breast, make an ex
cellent broth. Hun-yard fow Is, especially
old hen and cocks, sensibly improve the
savor and strength of the broth.
Take then the piece or piece of meat
which you intend tor your broth; truss
and tie them a you desire, put them Iu a
kettle large enough to contain two quart
of water for each uml of meat; li R up
with cold water iu thi proportion, and
place it over a good lire. A last 11 the
froth rises, you must skim it off carefully.
It is only after the scum cease to rise
that you must salt the broth. At that
time diminish the lire, or raise the kettle
further from the heat; put iu carrots, tur
nips, leeks, celery, root of parsley, cloves,
one or two laurel leaves, and a burnt
onion, to give it a good color.
Have a care now that your pot boil
with a very small lire, but doe not stop
iH.tiing entirely. It takes, ordinarily,
five or six hours to make a good broth;
and while the meat is well cooked, you
have an excellent and very healthy broth.
Dedicate pel sons am I those of refined
taste are not bmd of broth made with
cabbages, nor to have many turnips iu
their xoup, ti these vegetable give it a
harsh taste, and a windy quality. It 1
better, if you are fond of these, to boil
them in a small pot or saucepan by them
then throw awav the water
..1.;.. 1. ti..... .. ... t;r-t i...;i...i .....1 . fi......
afterward in the broth, a stent tune be
fore it i st rvt d.
H ; careful, "also, th t the piece of lard
or butter, if you put any in, is not rancid.
Some calves let-torn jowl added to the
broth, has a very good cliV-ct.
Observe that at the moment of serving
yu till not instantly the tuiet-n, in w liieh
you have put your slices ot bread; put in
merely enough broth lor the bread to
Kwiin. cover the tureen, ami about ten
minutes after pour in the rest of th
broth which you design to have served.
It is not well to boil the butter with
bread, because it chang the taste and
quality of the broth.
Some persons p it the vegetable upon
the bread in tin; tureen; others prefer to
have them upon the plate with the boiled
me it. tn lasiiionaole t tole, the piece
of boiled heel is surrounded with green
par- ley. Goilty'n It vly' Jli:.
Sympathize with Children.
Do you want to learn how to make
children love you? Do you want the key
that will unlock the innermost n-cesses
of their nature? Then sympathize with
them always, .vt-vt-r allow votiocii to
lidicule any of their little secrets. Never
say, "Oh. pshaw !" when they come to
show you a new kite or marvelous top,
ami "1 can't be troubled!" when the haul
knot won't be untied, and two and two
obstinately refuse to m ike four on their
little slates. Kite and knots are only
the precursors of older thought and
deeper trials, which the parents may one
day plead in vain tosh are.
D lift laugh at any of a child's idea,
however odd or absurd they may seem to
you; let them find youi sympathy ready
in all their wonderments ami aspirations.
Is there any man so wise iu hi own con
ceit a to have forgotten that there was a
time once when he wa also a child? The
little folk are too much crowded out i:i
this world; jn.-ople generally seem to
think they can be put anywhere, or made
to eat anything, or crammed into any out-of-the-way
corner to amuse themselves
anyhow. We don't agree with these
cross-grained wiseacre. Children have
just a much right to the carriage win
dow and easy scat a anybody. It don't
take much to make a child love you ami
trust in you; and the benefits to him are
Oh! how much better i it for children
to bring all their cares and trouble ami
temptation under the gentle eye of a
kind parent! What a safeguard it is for
them to feel that there i always a kind
ear to listen to their doubt and griefs,
and a gentle shoulder for their little head
to nestle against! Uesjtect their rights;
never think you can say bitter thing in
their presence, or do unjust actions. They
are the finest discriminators of fair and
unfair in the world. Somebody says:
"When you are inclined to be cross with
children for Iteing slow to learn, jut try
a moment to wnte with your lelt hand.
See how awkward it prove, and then re-mviuk-r
that with children it i nit left
hand." IVeserve us from those precocious
in ant w ho spring up ready-made phil
osophers and causists; cherry-cheeked
little orphan are infinitely preferable.
Above all, do not be ashamed to let them
hnotc that you love them. Kcmemlx-r
they will be men and women some day,
ami the slightest word which may influ
ence their future lives should Ijccome a
thing of moment iu our eyes. Church
The following is said to le a good
nu-itwi for niikiiir lioole butter: Fare.
I s, 1 I . '
quarter and core one-half bushel ot sour
apples, t ut tlicm on to cook, wiui waier
enou-di to cook them, until they become
soft. Then add two quart ot molasses,
one quart of sugar, one quart sweet cider
or one-half pint boiled cider, one table-
. . . 1
spixinlul each ol grounti cinnamon, cioves
and allspice; cook three hours, stirring
continually. This make an excellent
sauce, ami It well cooked w ill Keep ine
year round. For a larger quantity it w ill
require more cooking.
To keep a tin tea-kettle bright, rub it
everyday with newspaper. It will keep
it very bright, w ithout any washing. To
keep copper or tin tanks iu their original
brightness, rub every day with rj uews
pajicr. Milk Sauce. Twoteacupfulsof sugar
and one of butter creamed together, one
wineglassful of wine, a little nutmeg; at
the last moment, pour a cupful of boiling
milk over all, and stir well.
The Interior ut the Hoosac Tunnel,
The temperature of the tunnel i about
the same all the year around, the ther
mometer standing generally at (JO degree.
The air ij pure except when there are a
great many train going through, tilling
the tunnel with sin ke; t, uotw itii'tand
ing that, there i 110 doubt about the tun
nel's being able to thoniiighly ventilate
itself. When the five hundred men wie
at work there was so much smoke from
the lamp of the miners, the tire of the
blacksmiths, ami the tiain th d were
constantly at work, that the tinm-lci'
eyes and lungs were very often seiioiisly
aireet''d. The inching has not been in
any one place, but iu sections, wherever
there wa a possibility of danger lioui
loose and crumbling lock. In all, about
4,500 feet have Ix-t-n arched, the longest
section being .100 feet ami the shorted 10
feet. Thus, the workmen were not ali
together, but were scattered along the
line. Alter a section id' the tuutiei h id
been selected it needing niching,
the miners began t o remove the lock from
the sides and roof for a depth of about
three feet, that being the average thick
ness of the arching. In performing thi
wofk constant care w a Used, and when
the extreme liability to d ingcr from fall
ing lock is consideied, il is a wonder
that so few accident have occuil'ed. The
lock taken down wa removed diily and
dumped at dilieicut point along the road
from the tunnel, that fioui the roof being
received and eaiiiedout on platform cui
that reached within 1: lew feet of it.
When the section to be arched had been
proK-rly prepared, the masons began
tln ir work, laving the brick on wooden
arches, called "centre," which were put
up every live or six feet. The brick woik
was not laid close to the wall, in all part ,
a space being h it for the wat r to run
down. Sheet iron was p!:i-vd between
the bricks and tie- wall for protection
against water, and the brick wa I ai I with
water-proof cement. No part ofthc arch
ing ha been slighted, the whole work
being can-fully and thoroughly done. A
telegraph wire has been put through the
tunnel, und office stationed at both end,
and warning will be given every time u
train enters and leaves the tunnel. Man
ager Frescott has appointed IL II. Cunp-!m-1I
Superintendent of the tur.nel, for the
present at least, and Mr. Campbell keep
ten men txaminiug the side and loo!
and taking down loose lock wherever
found. IJ.-f.ire each train that goes
through, the entile length of the tunnel
is widi.eil over by four men, stationed nl
different point to see that the track is un
obstructed. Mr. Campbell al-o walks
through every day on a tour of ex imin t
lion, and 110 pedestrian, excepting the
regular wat. hcl'.s, will be allowed to p.ts
through. Twenty minutes will be ued
by every train in going through, atxl at
thi slow rate of speed, ami with the pre
caution mentioned, the danger of the
underground journey i made nn-lely nom
inal. A'e'fi AiIiIiiih Tlilltxa t'jit.
Feminine Fashion in Loudon.
"Tight ilresse." i the su'j"ft of u let
ter in the London Sjiorlhi; (1,izi It?. Nevt r,
says the writer, have I seen tiie hideous-
lies and absurdity id the present fashion
td tight costume to greater advantage
th 01 at Lord's Cricket ground. Many
ladies wa re rash enough to recline on the
greensward, and their frantic elfut to
use troin their recumbent position were
a source of great amusement to the by
standers. The spectacle appeared to af
ford .1 much fun a a sack race, to w hich,
indeed, it bore some resemblance. A ccr
tain Duchess, I am told, behaved with the
greatest self-pose,sion under these some
what humiliating circumstance. -Hiding
she could not rie in the ordinary
way, she flung herelfon all-fours, und
by throwing her weight alternately to
ight and left finally succeeded 111 gaining
her perpendicular. These costumes are
the joke of the season. Crowd of iimninn
gather round the carriage in K-geut
treet in order to watch the swathed and
swaddled mummies of fashion struggle to
mount their carriage step; ami the other
day I was the witness of a very funny
scene in Iralalgar square. A lady thu
bandaged made no It- than six luellect-
ual attempts to get into a 'bus. The pas
senger grew absolutely apoplectic with
suppressed laughter, and even the gallant
conductor, w ho wa ti ling hi bet to help
beauty in distress, could hardly strangle
hi caehinatoiy inclinations. I n 111 sure
that the street hoys, at any rate, will be
disconsolate when this atnu-ing freak of
fashion die out.
Tin: CiTADF.t, op Oi i:i!i:c. One of the
most interesting feature of () lebec i tilt!
walls of the ancient citadel, being well
nigh the sole remaining specimen of the
architecture of the early French settler.
As thtr city ha grown and cxfemled be
yond its old boundaries, the fortifications
were found to occasion considerable In-
conveiiience.aml their demolition was seri
ously contemplated. I'uhlicopinion, how
ever, wa so strongly against the idea that
in ellort to save the ancient landmarks has
been successful. The ramparts will re
main, but they will be pierced at Intervals
by gateways for purpose of travel. Lord
Dullerin ha taken a prominent part iu
endeavoring to stay the hand of utilita
rian vandalism, and on the occasion ol
hi recent visit to O lebec announced that
(J'iceii Victoria had undertaken the ex-
ene of one of the gateways, w hich wa
to bear the name of the Duke of Kent.
TiiorsAxos of men Mini women find
regular employment In sweeping the
streets of Fari, the operation being per
to'inctl daily on all the principal streets.
1 he work iiegui at three o clock In the
morning, the swecqters mustering at cer
tain sH'cified points at that hour, from
which they are detailed by gangs to the
street or districts assigned to them, lly
daylight the task is completed. In ad
dition to the force of liandswcepcrs there
are machines iu use, each with a horse
ami driver. In the wake of the sweepers
follow closely the chiffonnier$ or rag
pickers, who explore the heap of road
side rubbish for stray rags and other ar
ticles which can be turned to account.
Be just before you are generous.
The American Hible Society has a pa
vilion just south of Horticultural Hall,
iu which Hible ami Testament In one
hundred different languages me gold nt
Hv joint nction of the Commission nnd
the Hoard of Finance, it ha been resolved
that organized schools, when visiting the
Inhibition, shall be admitted for 25 cents
for cut h per hi ,
Nkaiii.Y 10,000 persons the families
of miner employed by the Philadelphia
ii-id Heading Coal and Iron Company
participated in the free excursion to I ho
Centennial, lcccidly tendered them by
th it corporation. About 15,000 of these
were Mollie M iguircs.
Tin-; Cincinnati Light ( iu-irds, thirty in
cumber, arrived at Philadelphia on July
','Ph, and went into cneaiu im-nt just out
side the Centennial (iround. They
in oched nil the way lioui Cincinnati, a
distance of Him mile, t hei r journey occu
p jug two month.
(Ji:m;hW. II a wi.r.y, Mr, Cochran, and
otlc-rs o( ii Centennial authorities, (.
confident th.lt the attendance at the Inhi
bition will average nearly, if not over,
100,000 a day during September, October,
and tint ten day id' November, during
which the show i to continue.
Abb the Centennial buildings nre to be
loin down and removed when (he Exhi
bition is over, except Memorial, Ilortit ul
tin ul and Machinery Halls, and probably
the Ohio building and two of the Jhiliii
tiovcrumcut structures. The li 1 st three
exception are to remain until they fall
Into ruin. It is believed that the Pal k
Commission vs j purchase the other three,
Is the Chinese Department the most
curious and puzzling curving are the or
namental ivory bill. Oneol these Is live
inches in diameter, and has fourteen cir
cular pel foiali us, each three-fourths of
an inch in diameter. Within a hollow
sphere are twenty-three other similar
one, each moving free of all thoolhels.
Super-.titioiis people ask how the latter
got iu there, ami look around them In a
frightened manner, 11 though ou the
w .itch for w itches.
Invention uy Women. Among the
invention iu the woman's depal fluent of
the Exposition, which l exclusively fem
inine iu nil its exhibits, are the follow ing ;
A griddle-greaser, a bath-chair, a life
saving mattress, a combination desk, a
dish drainer, a patent How er-stand, various
dress-chin t, a dust-receiver, a baby's ex
en ising corset, a fire--proof hoiiM of inde
num in ileil tl, a needle threader ' V sew
ing machines, a mangling, a washing and
drying machine, a Uoiicr, an invalid's
hair, a sin 1 .thing Iron, a meat 'tenderer,
model fa (caching children object thaw
ing, a window shutter ami fa-tener, a
flunk hinge, a lunch heater, 11 traveling
bag, a postage t 1111 p moistener, a bureau
trunk, a bedstead, bureau find safe, sew
ing machine att ichuiciiU; mid, besides
these, many others of minor importance.
Nothing Like Leather.
Twenty year ago the secret of tunning
the alligator hide wa revealed to a part
ner of' a IJostoii boot and shoe house by
an old Canadian. The business of col
let ting and tanning the skins w as at once
commenced, ami now from 17,000 to 20,
000 are tanned yearly, which are con
sumed by boot ami shoo manufacturers
In every portion of the United States, as
well a exported to Loudon ami Ham
burg. In the foreign trade, however, the
French are formidable rivals, owing to
their superior method of tanning, iu
which, as a nation, they beat the world.
The alligators formerly came almost en
tirely from Louisiana, ami New Orleans
wa the great centre of the business?
Owing to their indiscriminate ami Inju
tliciou slaughter, however, thu iiniuiais
became thinned out, ami but little busi
ness in that line I now done in the ('res-
cent City. The Florida swamps and mo
rasses are now the harvest fields, ami
Jacksonville, iu that State, Is thu great
h-pot. 1 he animals are killed In great
number by the passenger of river steam
boat, though there are hunters who make
a regular business of their capture. The
alligators often attain the length of eight
een to twenty feet, and frequently live to
a herce old age. 1 lie hides are stripped
off, ami the belly and sides, the only por
tion lit tor use, are packed in barrel, in
a strong brine, ami shipped to a Northern
tanner, who keep theiu under treatment
for from six to eight months, when they
are ready to be cut up. Ho far, the leather
ha been mostly Used in the iiiiinulMCturu
of boot and shoe, for which it is espe
cially adapted, rind, by reason of the
pleasing variegation ot its surlaee, makes
a most excellent and lecouiing protection
tor the masculine, and, indeed, the- fem
inine, toot, for it is beginning to be em-
ployed In the manufacture of ladies'
boots. Handsome slipper aro also made,
both of the blacked and uublackcd skin,
1 well a shopping bag, portcmonnaic,
segar-cases, ami small leather goods of all
Foueion government aro somewhat
like our own in leaving tho stable door
unlocked until the horse is stolen; but
they are much more vigorous in locking,
it after that misfortune has taken place,
Ou the 21th of June an accident occurred
on one of the Spanish railways by which
twenty-one persons were killed ami forty
nine wounded. This accident was fol
lowed almost immediately by the Intro
duction of a bill into tho Spanish Con
gress providing that, whenever a railway
disaster can Ihj distinctly traced to the
servants of tho company, thu company
shall be compelled to pay a fine of $15,
000 to tho family of every person w ho is
killed and a line of $7,000 to tho family
of every erson injured, besides $3 per
day to tho injured persons so long as they
may be incapacitated for labor. It Is in
teresting to noto in this connection that
the legal value of a dead Spaniard is
three times that of a slaughtered citizen
Viktle. Virtue is not moro exempt
than vice from the Ills of fate; but It con
tains within itself always an eDcrgy to
resist, vnem, sometimes u anodyne