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About Washington independent. (Hillsboro, Washington County, Or.) 1874-18?? | View This Issue
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Every Thursday "Evening,
H. B. LUCK.
Office, - - - Old Court House,
Term of Mubacrlptlon (coin rulrs.)
Biotfle eoor rer resr $2 W
Single copy tlx month 1 50 A'OIj. !
HILLSBOKO, WASHINGTON COUNTY, OREGON, THURSDAY, AUGUST 31, 1876.
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In the Nest.
Gather them close to jour loving lieurt
Cradle them on jour breast;
They will soon enough leave your brooding
Soon enough mount youth's topmost stair
Little ones in the nest.
Fret not that the c hihlren's hearts are tray.
That their restless feet will run;
There inny come a time in the hye-aml bye
When you sit in your lonely room and siy'i
For a sound of thild'u-li fun.
When you'll long for a repetition sweet
That sounded through each room,
Of "Mother."' "Mother!" the dear love-calls
That will echo long in the silent halls.
And udd to their stately uluom.
There may come a time when you'll long to
'Thu eager, iKiyish tread,
The tuneless whistle, the clear shrill shout.
The busy bustle in and out
And puttering over head.
When the boys and girls are all jrmni up
And scattered far and wide.
Or gone to the undiscovered shore
Where youth and age come never more.
You will miss them from your side.
Then gather them close to your loving heart.
Cradle them on your breast;
They w ill booh enough leave your brooding
Soon enough mount youth's topmost stair
Little ones in the nest. The JI-kIij, t.
The Poor Ballet Girl.
The superb theatre of San Carlos, at
Naples, was built ly the architect Fon
tana, for Charles III., the Spanish Bour
bon, who founded the kingdom of the
two Sicilies. Fontanel received the king
on the opening night, ami his majesty
expressed himself delighted with the
royul box, and the splendor of the house
generally, but he said, since the theatre
was so near to the palace, nearly .touch
ing it, he was sorry that the architect
had not thought of connecting the two
buildings by a passage-way, so that he
could attend the opera without the trouble
of ruling too and fro in his carriage.
This was the only criticism which he had
to make upon the plan, and Fontana ad
mitted its justice.
When the curtain fell that night upon
a long opera and ballet, the architect
again presented himself at the door of
the royal box, and bowing low to the
king, said :
. "Sire, your majesty w ill no? be obliged
to get into your carriage again. You can
return to the palace without entering the
And so it was, for the architect had
collected a legion of workmen, and in the
space of four or five hours, had pierced
w alls, erected a drawbridge, carpeted and
draped the way with splendid tapestry,
and thus completed a magnificent con
nection between the palace and the opera
house. Delighted at this result, the king ex
claimed that it was a miracle, but it was
only the old story Labor omnia eincit.
The San Carlos, next to the La Seala
at Milan, is probably the largest opera
house ever constructed.
Its elegant architectural effect, embrac
ing six tiers of boxes, its vast auditorium,
decorated in gilt, ami brilliantly illumi
nated in all parts ; the gay and diaphanous
costumes of the dark-eyed and beautiful
women; the expressive gesticulation and
volubility of the audience between the
acts, and the superb stage appointments,
all serve to form a picture of dazzling
beauty, hardly to be surpassed, if it can
be equalled, even in Paris, that gayest of
We had been witnessing the ever pop
ular opera of "Faust," at the San Carlos,
one January evening, delighted by the
manner of the rendering, and especially
with the tine music of Gounod, as per
formed by an orchestra of a hundred
pieces, with an able chorus of as many
more upon the stage. According to the
French and Italian custom, the opera was
sandw iched, so to speak, by the introduc
tion. of the ballet between the acts, and
it is to this part of the performance that
we are indebted for introducing us to the
characters described in this veritable
As is universally the case, the premiere
daneue was supported by four or five
"seconds," as they are called, selected
from the corps de ballet as being the lest
tlancers next to herself.
Of the four who held this position at
the San Carlos that evening, we had no
ticed one. especially, who was the most
graceful and pretty of the group, and to
whhse care was entrusted a very dillicult
and trying part of the performance.
However, she hud succeeded in accom
plishing it to the great satisfaction of the
enthusiastic audience, and was jest about
to retire amid their plaudits, w hen she
seemed to trip, ami in recovering herself,
to strain or sprain her ankle, so as to
nearly faint ujm the stage, and to require
to be carried from before the audience in
the arms of the prompter, w ho came at
once to her relief.
A we passed out of the theatre at the
Close of the performance, arm-in-arm
with a plethoric and somewhat eccentric
friend, we found the way barred for a
moment by a sedan chair, into which the
good-nut met I prompter was lifting the
young girl w ho had injured her foot on
We stopped for the purose of seeing
the men lift the conveyance and start oil,
when the prompter, observing our ap
parent interest, turned to.vards us and
""It is too bail. She's a good girl too
poor to lose a single night by being laid
up; but it can't be helped."
"Poor girl? Can't afford it, eh? What
does the fellow say?" asked my compan
ion, in his quick, jerky fashion.
"He says tint the dameue we saw
trip and hurt herself is a poor gill, and
cannot afford to lose her engagement," I
replied to my stout friend.
"Well, well, she must be looked after.
Don't you understand?"
"Yes, it's very easy to say she must be
looked after; but who's to do it, that's the
"I'll do it. Anything to say against
it?" asked my eccentric companion, as
though he wished some one would dare
to disp'ute with him upon the subject.
"I'll get her name and address, if you
"Wish it, wish it, of course I do."
The prompter, being consulted, gave
us Amelia (iotte's address, and reiterating
what he had already told us, said he was
extremely glad that anyone should take
an interest in the girl. My companion
took the address, put it in his pocket
book, and as we walked to our hotel, de
clared that he would see about it on the
"I'll see about it yes, to-morrow."
The relevance of my friend's ejacnla
tory queries, with which he so profusely
interlarded his remarks, was not al.vays
manifest, but then Frank Barnard was a
man weighing over two hundred pounds,
though not more than five feet seven
inches in height, and his heart was as
large in proportion as his body. He in
dulged in charities that would have im
poverished most of his friends, but his
fortune was ample, and himself an old
bachelor of fifty-five, without any near
"Amelia Gotte, eh ! Pretty name that,"
said our friend, taking out the card given
him by the prompter.
"Suits her to a charm," I replied.
"Eh? Well, the is pretty, that's a tact,"
and the generous old fellow took his can
dle and went olF to bed.
On the following day we together
sought the home of the ttaneve. We
found her with her limb bandaged and
raised upon a chair, but her lingers busy
with a piece of delicate embroidery. An
aged! woman was engaged alxmt the
hubmle quarters in domestic duty, who
we soon learned was her mother. Prop
erly introducing ourselves, and using the
good-natured prompter's name, we were
soon quite at home, and by degrees elic
ited from Amelia her interesting story.
She had been brought up by her mother
in. this humble abode, with her cousin,
Giovanni, but he, alas! was in prison now.
"Prison, prison, eh? What is he in
prison fori" asked my friend, all excite
ment in a moment.
I'And so it appeared tliat he had been
lined by the court for assaulting a noted
libertine, a titled scoundrel, who was in
sulting Amelia, a few months since, and
in default of payment had been sent to
prison, from whence to effect his release,
the ballet girl was working night and
day to earn a few scudi.
"And now, alas!" said the poor girl,
"this accident will throw me back, and
poor Giovanni w ill have to remain another
month in prison."
".No, he won't. How much is his fine,
f:li?" asked Frank Barnard, excitedly.
; ;'Forty scudi," said Amelia, with a
sigh, ".fid I had already got nearly thirty
"Forty, eh: Will they rele.fse your
cousin it the forty scudi are paid i" asked
I "Oil, yes. He was o"dy imprisoned
because he couldn't pay tn" fine," she
answered, "and it's so much moi'ey."
"Young girl Signorina Amelia votir
cousin shall be with you in half an hour.
Come," said he to me "Come along to
the court house; we'll buy some justice."
It appeared that Giovanni and Amelia
had been brought up together from in
fancy by the old lady we had met, and
that the boy was her only sister's child,
that sister having died in his babyhood.
The two children had grow n up to love
each other, and it was already agreed that
at the proper time they were to be mar
ried. Both had found occupation at the
San Carlos theatre, she as a danaeusc, he
in the mechanical department of the stage
business. The three, without other liv
ing kindred, had together formed a happy,
though poor and humble household, until
Giovanni had got into the present diffi
culty by defending his cousin.
My companion counted out the gold,
and received the projer papers of release
in behalf of Amelia's cousin, and driving
to the prison, demanded his discharge.
The order of the court was all potent,
and taking the handsome young fellow
into our carriage, we drove off to his
home, where he- was soon embracing
mother and daughter, and expressing his
gratitude to his deliverer.
Amelia, though very happy, could not
but sigh at the misfortune of her acci
dent. "Hey misfortune? Not a bit of it.
How should we have known about you
unless you had sprained your ankle?"
"Ah! that is true," replied the bewitch
ingly pretty girl, while just the smallest
little tear of joy wet her cheek.
"What can I say to thank you?" asked
the handsome young Italian.
"Say," continued my friend "say that
you w ill give any fellow who insults your
cousin a sound thrashing."
"You may rely upon me for that, sir,"
was his manly reply.
"Signora," said my friend to the mother,
"keep this purse until the wedding-day,
anil then buy Amelia some of the proper
things for her to wear. And as to you,
my pretty child," he said, addressing the
young ballet girl, "remember that what
you call misfortunes are sometimes bless
ings in disguise."
Tyi'es of Character. There are three
kinds of natures which take on them
selves softness of manner ami gentleness
of touch the natures with bauds of steel,
sharp, cruel, wounding, well-covered by
velvet gloves; those with hands of bran
and pith, wax and putty, mere dummies
without the jiowcr of grip or holding in
them ; and those w ith hands of honest
human flesh ami blood, soft, warm, re
sponsive, yielding, but w ith a serviceable
framework of lne and muscle beneath,
which when required can hold its own,
and, if yielding on some occasions, can
be defensive and repellent on others.
These are the three most noteworthy
types of the hand that lies hidden be
neath the velvet glove of smooth anocar-
ance and delicate texture the characters
to be found under the veil of a soft manner
and a noticeable gentle exterior.
Poverty and RrciiEs. Every man is
ncn or poor according to the proportion
ueiween 111s uesires anu enjoyments.
How to Suppress Slan;r.
The Keform Club is the title of a new
society on the East Side, organized by
young ladies for the purpose of discour
aging the use of "slang phrases" in con
versation. At a recent meeting while a
member was addressing the society she
inadvertently made use of the expression,
"aw ful nice," ami was called to order by
a sister member for transgressing the
"In what way have I transgressed?"
asked the speaker, blushing deeply.
"You said it would be 'awful nice' to
admit young gentlemen to our delibera
tions," replied the other.
"Well, wouldn't it be?" returned the
speaker; "you know you said yourself,
no longer ago than yesterday, that "
"Yes, I know; but you said 'awful nice.'
"Well," said the speaker, tartly, "if you
are going to be so awful nice alxmt it,
pei haps it is; but I wouldn't say any thing
if I were you. Didn't you tell Sally
Spriggins this morning to pull down her
"No, I didn't," retorted the other, her
face growing crimson; "and Sallie Sprig
gins will say I didn't. She w on't go back
"This is a nice racket yon are giving
us," cried the president, after rapping
both the speakers to order. "Let us ask,
w hat is the object of this society ?"
"To discourage slang!" cried a dozen
"K-rect," said the president; "go on
with the funeral."
A member rose to explain that she had
been lined at the last meeting for saying
"awful nice" herself, but she hadn't the
"stamps to pay it now would settle,
however, 'in the sweet bv and by.'"
"That'll be all right," said the presi
dent, "pay when you have the ducats."
Another member asked if a young lady
could say "old splendid" without sub
jecting herself to a tine.
"You bet she can't," said the President,
who was the original founder of the so
ciety, and therefore appealed to when any
nice question was to be decided.
"Then," said the speaker, "I move that
Miranda Pew come down with the dust,
for I heard her say that her beau was 'just
old splendid.' "
Miranda's face was in a blaze as she
"Well, if my beau was such an old
hairpin as your fellow is I wouldn't say it."
"Shoot the chinning," cried the Presi
dent. "Will you never tumble!"
But the confusion was too great to be
allayed. Miranda's blood was up; some
sitled with her and others against her,
and amid the Bibel that followed could
be heard such exclamations as "Dry up,"
"Nice blackberry you are," "Wie off
your chin," "Hire a hall," &C, when a
motion to adjourn was carried "by a large
ni a j or i ty ." M in neapolia Trib ane.
An Interview with Franklin.
The pleasant little "Sans Souci" vol
ume, edited by Mr. II. E. Scudder, and
entitled "Men and Manners in America
One Hundred Years Ago," contains the
fallowing stories from Elkanah Watson.
Watson hat J a wax head of Franklin
which w'"s modeled by Mrs. Wright, ami
which, wit.'; the aid of a suit of Frank
lin's ow n cloth.'s he made up into a dum
my. In London, rftter the peace ot :,'
he gulled a number of people with the
figure. " The morning pa oers,' lie writes.
"announced the arrival of Pr. Franklin,
at an American merchant's in Belleter
Square; ami I found it necessary to con
tradict the rejxtrt. In the interval, t";ree
Boston gentlemen, who were in the city,
expressed a wish to pay their respects to
the doctor. 1 desired them to call in the
evening, and bring their letters of intro
duction, which they had informed me
they I wire, exjiecting to see him at Paris.
I concerted measures with a friend to
carry the harmless deception to the ut
most extent, on this occasion. Before
entering, I apprized them that he was
deeply engaged in examining maps and
paiK-rs, and I begged that they would not
te disturbed at any apparent inattention.
Thus prepared, I conducted them into a
spacious room. Franklin was seated at
the extremity, with his atlas, and my
friend at the wires. I advanced in suc
cession with each, half across the room,
and introduced him by name. Franklin
raised his head, bowed, and resumed his
attention to his atlas. I then retired, and
seated them at the farther side of the
room. They sjxike to me in whisjieis.
"What a venerable figure!" exclaimed
one. "Why don't he speak?" says another.
"He is doubtless in a revery," I remarked,
"and has forgotten the presence of his
company; his great age must lie his apol
ogy. Get your letters, and go up again
with tin? to him." When near the table,
I said, "Mr. B , sir, from Boston."
The head was raised. "A letter," says
B , "from Dr. Cooper." I could go
no further. The scene w as too ludicrous.
As B held out the letter, I struck
the figure smartly, exclaiming, "Why
don't you receive the letter like a gentle
man?" They were all petrified with as
tonishment; but IV- never forgave me
the joke." Scribner' Magazine.
The colossal statue of Washington,
which will sxn arrive at Philadelphia by
the United States ship Supply, is to be
placed in front of the Judges' Pavilion at
the Centennial. The pedestal has leeii
completed, but will not Ik? placed in jx
sition until after the arrival of the statue.
The figure is twelve feet high, modelled
from Leutz's picture of "Washington
Crossing the Delaware." It is the per
sonal contribution of Mr. Eyre, a former.
Philadelphian, now a resident of Flor
An Important Age. The line of con
duct chosen by a boy during the five
years from fifteen to twenty, will, in al
most every instance, determine his char
acter for life. As he is then careful or
careless, prudent or imprudent, indus
trious or indolent, truthful or dissimulat
ing, intelligent or ignoraut, temperate or
dissolute, so will he be in after years, and
it needs no prophet to cast his horoscope
or calculate his chances.
A f5oot! Complexion.
There is nothing so anuoying to a young
girl as an inijierfect skin. If we address
any one, we imagine that person's atten
tion to be immediately drawn to our one
source of discomfort, a broken out face;
if they speak to us we are positively ditli
dent on account of our misfortune.
Dear girls, the writer has had exieii
ence in this and can sympathize with you.
For three years my face would keep break
ing out with a sort of rash, not large un
sightly blotches, for such I never had, but
I feel sure that if what 1 used did help
me, it would benefit those who were worse
than I was.
1 tried everything of which I had ever
heaid, and als plenty of which I never
had, but without avail. I became dis
gusted with everybody and especially
with myself. Every day I met girls
coarse and illiterate, who knew and cared
nothing about education ami retiui inent,
whose faces were smooth and rov, while
I was destined to wear an irritable ami
pimply skin, and I became morose and
But one day w hile reading a magazine,
the word "oatmeal" caught my attention.
I determined to try it. I bought four
pounds and have used it six months I
have used it twice a day all the time.
I take the dry meal, a little on a pre
serve plate, pour on just enough cold w a
ter to make it thin, strain through a small
sieve, and dipping a cloth into the water,
wash over my face once or twice, and let
it dry. This does not require more than
live minutes, and the result is what? All
my friends exclaim about my beautiful
Please billow my example and you w ill
not regret the trouble, when you see the
result. The llonnehold.
The alxive may be good; but far better
would it be to take the oatmeal as f.xd.
Most of tlie cases of blotched faces arise
from impure blood and impure blood arises
often from impel feet digestion, or more
generally from bad diet and excessive u.-e
of grease and fat in food. If the young
lady with a blotched lace will live on
oatmeal bread, and lnu-h, and gruel three
months her blotches will all disappear.
Cake of the Feet Concerning this
9ul ject the Scientific American very truly
says: Many are careless in the keeping of
the feet. If they wash them once a week
they think they are doing well. They do
not consider that the largest pores are lo
cated in the bottom of the foot, and that
the most offensive matter is discharged
through the pores. They wear stockings
from the beginning to the end of the week
without change, which become perfectly
saturated with offensive matter. Ill health
is generated bv such treatment of the feet.
The xres are not only repliants but ab
sorbents, and fetid matter, to a greater or
less extent, is taken back into the sys
tem. The feet should be washed every
day with pure water only, as well as the
armpits, from which an offensive tnJor is
also emitted, unless daily ablution is
practiced. Stockings should notbewoin
more than a day or two at a time. They
may Ikj worn one day. and then aired and
sunned and worn another day if necessary .
Poktaiu.e Lemonade. I'akeof tartaric
acid, half an ounce; loaf sugar, three
ounces; essence of lemon, half a drachm.
Powder the tartaric and the sugar very
tine in a marble or wedgwood mortar;
mix them together, and pour the essence
of lemon on them, by a few drops at a
time, stirring the mixture after each ad
dition, till the whole is added; then mix
them thoroughly, ami divide it into
twelve equal parts, wrapping each up
separately in a piece of white paper.
':;u wanted for use, it is only necessary
to dissolve it in a tumbler of cold w ater,
and tine K'uor.Hde w ill lx; obtained, con
taining the flavor of the juice and peel of
the lemon, and ready sweetened.
Can Niso. Pkahs. When !he pears are
peeled and cut into qua; ters, and the pips
with their husks are taken out, I put
them into Ix.ttles, etc., in order to phuV
them in the water-bnth. I carefully at
tend to the degree of heat they have to re
ceive, w hich, if they are of a kind usually
eaten raw, should not be more than sut
ticieut to make the water-bath boil.
When the preserve consists of pears usually
stewed or bolted, then I let them rem tin
boiling in the water-bath five or six min
utes. Pears which have fallen from the
tree require a quarter of an hour's boil
How to Cook Git ken Peas. Wash
and put them into enough boiling water
to nearly cover thein, add one teasMonful
of sugar, a lump of baking smla the size
of a large pea, to every quart of imms,
when tender, add a goxl lump of butter,
salt to taste. Send to the table with the
water in which they are boiled. Omit
the sugar when cooking the Champion of
Sweet Pickle vok Apples, Peaches
ok Peaks. Boil together one quart of
gxxl vinegar with three pounds of sugar.
This is sutlieient for a peck of fruit.
Stick four or live cloves in each apple or
jM?ach, as the case may lx, and put in ami
boil till tender, lay carefully in a stone
jar, and when all are done pour the boil
ing liquid over them ami cover closely.
Pkesekvino C'itkon. Take equal
weight of fruit and sugar having tirst
pared and cut the citron into squares two
inches thick and stuck with cloves add
bits of stick cinnamon and boil until the
fruit is transparent, take out and lxil the
syrup until thick as honey and pour over
Ihisii moss has been suggested as a
substitute for flax-seed meal in jxiultices.
It is said to make a superior jxmltice, as
it keeps moist alxmt eighteen hours, ami
neither ferments easily nor soils the bed
clothes or linen of the patient.
Tomato Sweetmeats. Scald and re
move the skin, slice them thinly and stew
them in sugar like other preserves, three
fourths of a pound to a pound of tomatoes.
To cure the toothache, saturate a piece
of cotton with a strong solution of am
monia, and apply to the tooth.
Kerosene and powdered lime, whiting
or wood ashes will scour tins with the
A Turkish Navigator.
The late sultan, w ho was very proud of
his fleet, says Lucy Hooper in the Phila
delphia Telegraph, had ordered the cap
tain of one of his finest vessels to proceed
to England, in order to convey his com
pliments to Queen Victoria, on some pub
lic occasion the birth of a grandchild,
most probably. Thecaptaiu was most hap
py to obey the commands of hi sovereign,
only he hail not the faintest idea of how
to get to England. However, he started,
and as long as he was in the Mediter
ranean, all went well, but as soon as he
got out of sight of land, he was figura
tively as well as literally, all at sea. He
con tided his trouble to the pilot, who ad
vised him to follow a certain steamer
which was then just before them, ami
w hich was under way for England. Tin;
captain followed the pilot's advice, and
for some hours all went well, till night
fall, in fact, but the night proving foggy,
he lost sight of his friendly guide, and
was in de-pair. Morning dawned, the fog
cleared away, and there in the horizon
w as visible the smoke of a steamer. The
Turkish captain hastened to bring his ves
sel up quite near to the steamer, and
followed patiently and preserviiigly in its
wake. One day passed, then two, then
four, then a week and still no laud
"I did not k now that England was so
far off," sighed the unhappy Turk.
Finally, land appeared i noble bay
a vast city. The steamships cast anchor,
and the authorities came on board. They
spoke English, as was to have been ex
jiected. "What is your business here?" asked
one of the otlicials of the captain of the
"I came to present the compliments of
tlie sultan to your queen.
''Queen Victoria, of course am I not
"In England? You are in New York!"
The unlucky captain, having lost ught
of the English-bound guide during the
iir-t night of his voyage, had come up
with a steamship en route to the United
States. And this story is literally true.
A Scene in the First Presidential
Mansion. It has become lately a habit
with many of us to look upon Washing
ton as a magnificent, proper, but rather
wooden figuie-head of the new nation.
There can Ixi no doubt, from contempo
rary records, that, on the contrary, he ex
erted a tremendous jiersoiial magnetism.
He was a clumsy, slow, heavy man;
but with a sud sincerity of great pur
pose in every word and action. "There
was an indescribable something in Wash
ington," says one of his contemporaries,
contact with him." We have many pict
ures of this brilliant court of Philadel
phia, but none which please us so much
"which awed every man who came in
as the story of a girl-friend of lovely
Nelly Ciistis, who spent a night in the
Piesident's mansion. "When ten o'clock
came, Mrs. Washington retired, ami her
granddaughter accompanied her, and read
a chapter and psalm from the old family
Bible. All then knelt together in prayer,
ami when .Mrs. Washington's maid had
prepared her for bed, Nelly sang a sooth
ing hymn, and, leaning over her, received
from her some words of counsel and her
kiss and blessing. Scribner't Magazine.
Giki.s and Guti.s. "If I don't have a
new dress and vail, I won't cry a bit at
mother's funeral," said a little girl on tin
death of her mother, and she kept her
word until she got the desired articles,
ami then athxd of grief burst forth that
lasted until the last solemn rights were
perfoimed. In contrast to her conduct
was that of another little girl of ten. Her
father's residence took fire when she and
her mother, together with some smaller
children, were the only occupants of the
house. The little giri bravely mounted
to the roof, and the mother passed up to
her a bucket of water, by w hich means,
alter frequent replenishing, she succeeded
u extinguishing t he flames. Some ser
vau: working in a field insight of the
house uncovered the flames, and came to
the rescue a quickly as possible, but Hie
little heroine li.:d nearly subdued the tire
l xj fore their arriv.d, and was sitting on
the house weeping ll'.". effect, doubtless,
of the reaction of feeling after excite
ment. Hut which of the tw.'will lead
the happier life?
"What Brolohi- Voi; Here?" A re
porter for an English paper, in giving an
account of a "Sunday in a three-penny
lodging-house," to which he had gained
entrance by painting his nose the stand
ard color, and dressing himself in the
seedy garments that were fashionable
there, fell into conversation with one of
its inmates. As one red-nosed lodger
passed through the room ou his way to
bed, his informant remarked :
"There is a man who had splendid
chances. He has been in the service of
the first nobility in the land, and was well
off at one time."
"And what has brought him here?" I
"Brought him here! Why, what has
brought you here, or any other decent
man? What has brought me here?"
I suggested that he was probably down
"Luck be blessed! It is drink that has
brought me to sleep in a three-penny
lodging-house. And so it has him, and
so it has you."
Needles were tirst made in London by
a negro from Spain, in the reign of Queen
Mary. He died without imparting the
secret of his art. The art was recovered in
l.lGS. EliasGrowse first taught the Eng
lish to make needles, but the art was
again lost for nearly a century, when it
was recovered by Christopher Greening,
who settled at Long Crendon, in Buck
inghamshire. Needles are now chiefly
made at Kedditch, in Worcestershire;
Hathersage, in Derbyshire; and in and
near Birmingham. Some years ago 1,000,
000 needles a week were made in liedditcti.
Somebodv has discovered that in forty
years a Bnuff-taker devotes twenty-four
months to blowing his nose.
Montenegrin Mode of Warfare.
Now that the Montenegrins are In the
heat of warlike operations, it is interest'
ing to know their method of making
war, which is very primitive. A Monte,
negrin never sues for mercy, and w hen one
is so severely wounded that he cannot be
saved from the enemy, his ow n comrades
take upon themselves the pleasant duty
of cutting off his head. When, at the
attack ofClobuck, a nu ill detachment of
Uussian troops was obliged to retreat, an
ollicer of stout make and no longer
young, fell on the ground from exhaus
tion. A Montenegrin perceiving it ran
immediately to him and, h iving druvn
his yatagan, said, "You are very brave
and must wish that I should cut off your
head. Say a prayer and make the sign of
the cross." The ollicer, hoirilied a( the
proposition, made au effort to lise and
rejoined his comrades with the assistance
of the friendly Montenegrin. They con
sider all those taken by the enemy n
killed. They carry out of the battle their
wounded comrades on their shoulder.
Arms, a small loaf of hrcu I, a cheese,
some garlie, a little brandy, au old gar
ment and two pair of sandals made of raw
hide form all the equipage of the Mon
tenegrins. It is impossible to retain them
in the reserve, and it seems that they can
not calmly bear the view of the enemy.
The tactics of the Montenegrins are con
fined to being skillful marksineu. A
toue, a hole, a tree offer them a cover
from the enemy. Firing usually in a
prostrate position on thegrouad, they are
not easily hit, while their rapid and sure
phots carry destruction into the closed
ranks of a regular army. They have be
sides a well-practiced eye for judging of
distance, ami thoroughly understand liovi
to take ud vantage of the ground. Ol
cour.-c it will always be dillicult to em
ploy such vs an i ns against tegular troopi.
The Foreign ice-1 rude.
The first cargo of ice Kent abroad from
the United States was shipped by Mr.
Frederick Tudor, of Boston, who sailed
with lo0 tons in his o.vn brig to Martin
ique in 180-i. lie persevered in the busi
ness, though making little or no profit,
till after the close of tlie War of 1812.
In laid he obtained the monopoly of tlie
Havana business and important privi
leges fnun the Cuban government. In
I 17 he introduced the trade into Charles
ton, S. C, the next year into Savannah,
uud in lSi) into New Orleans. Frequent
disasters attended his eulei pi ises, and in
lJ,' his entire shipments amounted to
only 4,35 tons, tlie whole of which came
fnun Fiesh Pond in Cambridge. Ju -May,
1KJJ, he sent the first cargo of ice to tlie
Eu-t Indies, which was delivered at Cal
cutta in the autumn of that year. Of 18J
tons, one-third was w asted on tlie voyage,
and 20 tons in ue in going up the Gauges.
It was packed in large blocks clo-ely
fitted together between a double plank
casing titled in witlt dry tan. At the
present time a waste of about one halt
is generally expected on this voyage. In
lt;J4 the first cargo was shipped by Mr.
1 udor to Brazil. Until Inline conducted
the whole trade ; but as it oecame profit
able other began to enter into it, ami
from other ports besides Boston. That
port, however, stilt has the great bulk of
the trade. Tlie' total exports fioin the
United States to foreign ports for the year
ending June 110, 1873, were b.i, ''. tons,
valuel at $183,0'J., of which 48,!W tons,
Vilued at sl7o,8l3, were from Boston.-
Ajfj'Ulona' Amertcan (J ' yeitpa:dia, rtiifd
The Japanese Centennial Biildino.
.Tlie Japanese building on tlie Ceiileu
uial Grounds, which commands a large
share of attention from visitor, is now
entirely completed and i occupied by the
Japanese ollicials. The building is be.ai
lilully furnished throughout in a t.tyle
coi responding with the better class of
residences in Japan. Tlie floors ale laid
w ith cosily carpels of peculiar de-ign and
the furniture present a rich, unique ap
(icaraucc. Toe ptneliugs of the doors,
recesses, ic, are frescoed or painted in
tlie most delicate ami aril-tie manner,
lepresenting birds, flowers, iV'e., and high
ly ornamental screens, such as are Used
in Japanese parlors or reception rooms
occupy places in the angles ot the various
rooms. Tne wads are handsomely pa
pered and the w indows are f urnished wil'i
a jM-culia- style of paper in lieu of glu-.
and which is protected from the weather
by means of woo ieu blinds which pull in
or out from the walls ot the rooms. An
air of elegance ami comfort pervades the
emire inici ior and the building will be
au obj.-ct of great interest during the Ex
position. Ccre for Si: ill-Pox. Inasmuch as
the sinill-pox ha made its appearance
in Sail Francisco ami may find its way
here we reproduce the fo. 'owing alleged
remedy for the disease, said l tie effect
ive in all cases: When the p.-eceding
fever is at its height, ami just be fori? the
eruption appears, the chest i rubbed wii.'i
croton nil and tartaric ointment. This
causes the whole of the eruption to appear
on that part of tlie body to the relief ol
the rest. It also secures a full and com
plete eruption, and thus prevents the dis
ease from attacking the internal organs.
This, says an exchange, Is now the es
tablished mode of the treatment in the
English army in China, and is regarded
in England as a perfect cure.
A translation of the ordination ser
vice of the Buddhist priests in Ceylon has
been made. The candidates repeat the
ten lawi or precepts of the priesthood.
This Buddhist decalogue, w hich is strictly
enjoined in all the Buddhist churches,
probably dates back to the founder of the
religion, Sakya Muni, himself. It enjoins
abstinence from destroying life, theft, for
nication, lying, strong drink, eating at
forbidden times, dancing, singing, shows,
adorning and beautifying the person,
using a high or large couch or scat, Ami
receiving gold or silver.
The Foolishness ok Pkohanitv.
Profanity never did any man the least
good. No man is richer, or happier, or
wiser for it. It commends no one to so
ciety; it is disgusting to the refined, and
abominable to the good.
Iron and Gold.
It is a peculiarity of gold that, from
the moment of its discovery to the day of
its destruction, its Intrinsic value cannot
be increased. It will si ll for as much in
the dust or nugget as when coined Into
the sovereign. Experience hi proved
that every dollar in gold coined costs its
dollar in gold to mine. Not so w ith iron.
Iron continues to increase in value tit
every stage of development or manipula
tion; from the unattractive earthy ores
till it pulsates in seconds of time, as it
measures out the limits of the glorious
orb of. lay. (Sold is indestructible. No
acid, gas, heat or cold nllects it quality
or disturbs its purity. It is regirded its
the monarch among un taU. It is morn
ductile th in any other, mid the only metal
free from oxygen chemically free and
pure. Iron is the servant of all. lis
steel in ins, its Iron libs and its revolving
feet carry us obediently to the uttermost
parts of the earth ; It nurses us in our days
id sickness; it protects us in our hour of
danger. Iron his greater aflinity for
oxygen than any other metal, and is never
found chemically free .r pure. Gold al
ways h is an aristocratic shine. It Is the
mineral snob, typical of pomp, pride,
riches, laziness, indolence mid extrava
gance. It is piled idly in the bank or
counting-room. It is the ornament of the
belle and the servant, the prince and the
pea-ant, the palace and the play-house,
the temple and the tenement. It is
courted alike by both iools and philoso
pher, though "all is not gold tit it glit
ters." Iron is the bone and sinew of the
land; it only shines when work or worth
is demanded. The friction of enterprise,
industry and duty keeps it ever bright.
It builds our houses. It saws and draws,
and smixithes and grooves, and sows and
mows and faithfully serves both king and
commoner without a blush of shame or
bruise of resentment. It is the general
benefactor of mankind, a true gift of God.
Iron and gold cannot be fused or united;
their elements are antagonistic. Iron is
the only metal that will destroy gold.
You may plate Iron with gold, but the
oxygen will in time, with its devouring
rust, creep through and eat off the glitter
of the gold, mar its face and scar its
beauty. Humanity, aye, even tlie soul is
frequently battered for the golden bubble,
but never for iron. Iron is tlie lowest uiid
cheapest of met ils.yet it can rise highest lu
thescaleof intrinsic merit. When wrought
to its highest value it is worth tri hie its
weight in gold. Gold, the ptiicst of met
al, may sink to the meanest service of
man. Gold is imperial, exclusive, des
potic and scarce, iron is domestic, com.
mopolitan, abundant, G dd is regarded
as the stand ml which fixes values, lion
produces the values so fixed, whether by
the plow, or the pics, the mine, or the
mill, the ship or the steam car; iron dem
onstrates its utility, its produefng power.
Cities have been ransomed by gold, but
empires have been built up by iron. Gold
clings to the few, but iron is the posses
sion and bleing of the many, -Ar. Y.
TltE history of Cninee cues is toll
by the Itev. Julius Dool i 1 1 le, a in i ionary
in China, as follows; "The liist Emperor
of the present dynasty- who began to reign
in 18U4, having Usurped the throne, de
tei mined to make the tonsure of Man
churia, his native country, thu token of
the submission of the Chinese to his au
thority. He ordered them to shave all
the head excepting theciowu, and allow
ing the hair on that part to glow long,
and dress it according to the custom of
Manchuria. The Chinese had been no
customed under native Emperor, to wear
long hair over the whole head, and to ar
range it inn tuft of coil. The change was
gradual, but finally prevailed through the
Empire. At first those who shaved their
heads and conformed to the law, received,
it is said, a present of a tact of silver, af
ter a w Idle only half a fuel, and then only
a tenth of a lael, and afterwards only an
egg finally even an egg was not allowed,
flic law requiring the people to shave
their head and braid the cue w as not often
ligidly enforced by 'he penalty of imme
diate death, but it became very manifest
that those who did not confoim to the
wishes of the dominant dynasty would
never become successful in a lawsuit
against those w ho did conform, nor would
tiiey succeed at the literary examination,''
"lIvrEitnoi.tCAL." An eccenti ic Scotch
preacher, on a warm day, while discours
ing to a large congregation, observed that
many were nodding. He determined to
rouse them. Introducing the word, "hy
perbolic il" into his set in ni, he paused,
and then said,
"Now, my fi iends, as some of you may
not understand this word hyperbolical,
I'll explain if. Suppose I were to say
Ih it the trio'f congregation in this church
were asleep at tlie present time, 1 would
be speaking hy pei liolically, because
(looking round) I don't believe that much
more than one half of you are sleeping."
The effect was instantaneous. Those
vho weic nodding recovered themselves,
and nudged their sleeping neighbors, and
the preacher went on as if nothing had
Beek Seed. .S tin; king was break
fisting at Kew, the great scarcity of beef
which was then prevailing in England
became the suiject ot conversation.
"Why don't people plant m To beef?"
aked the king. Upon being to.'d that
beef could not be raised from seeu', he
seemed still Incredulous. He took oni9
bits of beefsteak, and went into the gar
den mid planted them. The next morn
ing he went out to see If they had sprout
ed, and found there some snails. Think
ing they were oxen, he was heard calling
out, "Here they are J Hero they are,
Charlotte, horns and all!" Inmnity of
Like. Life is something that you can
measure. You can estimate its nature;
you can learn its laws; you can ascertain
its connections; you can gauge the forces
of its power. You can decide as to its
character, and say what it should and
what it should not he,
Fcm. Bustle is not industry any more
than impudence is courage.
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