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About Washington independent. (Hillsboro, Washington County, Or.) 1874-18?? | View Entire Issue (Dec. 11, 1874)
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HILLSBORO, WASHINGTON COUNTY, OREGON, FRIDAY, DECEMBER 11, 1874.
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if i i i in vv . . y ri a r, n. -v. i
7 w sr cj nj
Editor and Proprietor,
TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION:
n year,; .$2
Six mouths, r I
Thrift mnnilis 1
Single copies, If
RATES OF ADVERTISING:
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- Obituary notices, 10 cents per line.
TjOCW Notices,20 cents per line for the
first, i tisertion, ami lOeents a line for eaeh
irKiViiiont insertion. No notice less than
Simmons. Sheriffs Sales, and nil other
leqal notices, $1 50 per square, 1st inser-
Transient advertisements. UU 1st in
sertion; each additional insertion, $1 00.
AGENT AT PORTLAND, Oii'EGON L
AGENT AT SAN FRANCISCO L.P.Fisn-
" in, rooms 20 & 21,Merchant's Exchange
AGl'NTSAT NEW YORK CITY S. M.
rKTTKNOiLL.fc Co., 37 Park Row. cor
Tieekman st.-Gr.o. P. Rowell & Co.,
41 Park Row.
TO CORRESPONDENTS. All communi
cations intended for insertion in The
Independent mut be authenticated by
the name and address of the writer
not neeessarily for publication, but as a
guaranty of pxrt faun.
OFFICE Tn HillsWo in the old Co art -
House building on the Public Square.
joiix viti:, m. n.,
Physician and Surgeon.
HILLS 110 110, - - 0RE(i
rrrSnerlal atl-nlin mm to DEFORMI
TIES; c nnoxw ulceus.
OFFICE Main slreet Hillshoro, Oregon.
F. AJHA1I-KY,M. D.
Physician, Surgeon nd "Accoucheur.
OFFICE at the Din Store.
RESIDENCE Three Blocks South" of
Drug Store. tlII
IVIL&OX BOWLBY, M. D.
Physician and Surgeon,
FOREST OHO YE, - - - - CKECJON.
OFFICE At his Residence, West of
Johnson's Planing Mills. n V) :ly
W.'ll. SAYLOll, 31. D.,
Physician and Surgeon.
E0REST GROVE, - - - - OREGON
OFFICE At the Druj: Store.
R F.SIDENCE Corner Second Block south
of tVie Drug Store. m22:ly
KO. II. DCSHAM,
II. Y. Thompson.
Durham & Thompson,
JLTTO RKE YS-AT-L A W ,
No. 109 First Street,
ALFRED KINNEY, M. D.,
OFFICE IN DEKUM'S BUILDING,
N. W. corner of First and Washing
ion Street, Portland, Oregon. n37 ly
C, A. BALL.
BALL & STOTT,
A rTORXEY8-AT-LA "W,
No. C Dekum's Block,
THOMAS H. TONGUE.
JlilLsboro, Washington County, Oregon.
Catlin & Killin,
ATTORNEYS AND COUNSELOR
. Dfkuni's Building, First Street,
X X 1.
"THE WIIITK HOUSE."
Has the largest assortment of First Class
Dry Goods, Millinery, Fancy Goods,
In Portland. No. 87 First Street,
LEWIS & STRAUS.
LARGEST JEWELRY STORE IN
Dealer In Watches, Diamonds, Jtwelryond
Silverware. No. 103 Front Street.
for the Cel
Howard Watch Co. and Chas. E. Jacot
Watches. Stth Thomas Clocks.
Watches .and Jewelry repaired and
All orders sent by Express promptly at
tended to. Goods sold at one nriee onlv.
No plated Jewelry of any description sold
iii tins l&inuiisumeiii.
SOLD ON A NEW PLAN.S2-J TOSM)
EXTRA ATTACHMENTS for
doing all kinds of work, FREE
I Manufacture rointuenred in 1873
Over 80,000 ... Cue.
Ma. A.J.Dufck, State Agent
for V. of II. .has made special
arrangements to supply mem
bers with th.so machines.
'The Home Machine Co"lhe
only one that refused to join
the sewing machine ring.
Prices ol all kind of Sewing
Mac-hint Needles reduced to CO
cents per doen. Price List,
C irculurs,aud full particulars
scut to anv address on applica
tion. GEO. W. TKAVER,
ITo-neS. M.,S. W. cor. Morr
son & o'd s. Portland, Or.
TV0 FIIiST I'KEtfirXS
.Largest Manufactory nonh
A full assortment of SngaiToys,
'ornncoias, If ax.Caiiules,i lc,
"or the Holidays.
ALISKY d- IIEGELE,
No. J 07, First street.
WELL ASSORTED Fore ign
ant: DomrsticDrufs, Chemicals
and Medicines, at the New
Drn p Store of
WIL L I AM PFrXfiEI.'.
Corner First and Oak st,Prt-
land. Orders from the country
attended to with care and dis
patch. O. Uox JNo.
Books; J.K.GILL & 0).,
ft. rust Mreci.
School Iiook.1, - Blank Books,
MiscellaeoitsBooks, and a
X til3. Lino
AT LOWEST RATES.
Dr. J. B. PILK1NGTON,
Professor ofDiseases of the tyo
Univesity of the Willamette.
Oifice. Cor. First and Wash
ington sts. Makes a specialty of
of Diseases of theEye Ear, Nose
ened.Artiliciul eyes inserted.
Spet tales prescribed for imper-
. . .?ew
SBW1XG 31 ACJI1IXKS
IlcUso the Straight Needle.
II ish'st Prize
and will do eitherLight'orllea-
vy ork without change or ad
justment, being an Improve
ment over all Hiyh-PncedMa-chines.
Buy nt Machine until you
have examinedthe WILSON
Tke price is JB10 to $20 less
then others. 'eetll(s lor all
Hiichines CHEAP. Send for
Circular and Price List.
A VAIL, Gen'l Ag't,
110 Third St. Portland OF,
Manafactutrer and Dea'er in
Surgical Dental Instrumen
No. 131 FIRST STREET
j. a .sTitowimiD;i:
Direct importer and dealer in
Leather & Shoe Findings.
No.141 FRONT STREET.
JOHN A- BECK,
Formerly with W.lieck V Son,
WATCII MAKER JEWELER
No. 105 Front Stheet,
Special attention given to Re-
Saring Watches Clocks aud
ewelry. Orders by Mail or ex
press promptly atlenuetl to.
A It I OA
A. P. SMITII&Co.
Ilmportcrs and general dealers
in ORGANS & PIANON.
General Agents for the Es
!tey Organs and Arion Piano
iWarerotms 105 7-ront stree
HARDWARE, IRON, STEEL.
Hubs. Spokes,, Rims, Oafc. Ash
NORTHRUP & TIIOJPSON.
Wholesale and Retail Dealers in Doors,Sash
and Blinds, also German, lTencU
Crystal sheet, Enameled, Stained and Cut
Glass, Glazing done to order at S'an Fran
cisco prices.and satisfaction guaranteed.
50 Front street Portland - - - Oregon
THE NEBRASKA SUFFERERS.
An Account of the Situation from an
Eye WitnessExtracts from Gen
eral Bristow's Official Report
Dreadful Sufferings and Privations.
Stopping at the cabins bv the
roadside to see for myself how the
iaimiies were Imns:, 1 met anion'?
others Mrs. Kussel and her daugh
ter. They live on a creek seven
miles from Arraphoe, in Gosper
county, Nebraska. Their habitation
is a dug-out, and when I entered
the cabin, the ladies of the families
had just finished their dinner, which
consisted of two watermellon.
I talkell with another destitute
family by the name of Beck for some
time and asked them many ques
tions. General B. Mrs. Beck, will 3'ou
please tell mc when you came here
what condition your famiry is in, and
what you need? Speak frankly, as
though talking to a friend.
Mrs. Beck I will sir. We have
been out here two years, and came
from Champlain county, Illinois.
We live on a soldier's claim. My
husband was a soldier in tho Sec
ond Illinois Cavalry for four years,
and served under General Ord. We
have a good farm and feel like stick
ing to it. Of course, after being on
it so long, we dislike to give it up.
We have no money in the world ex
cept ten cents that I have. All our
crops were destroyed, both last year
and this year, and we have now lit
erally nothing no horses, hogy,cat
tle or sheep. I am baking my last
loaf of bread to-day, and I won
dered where I would get Hour to
make any more. I was thinking
about it all da', and had faith to
believe some good Samaritan would
come along and bring mo Hour. I
did not despair, for God will not let
us starve. Our women are nearly
all out of shoes, undergarments and
dresses. I have had but one new
calico dress in a year. I was edu
cated at the Normal School in Illi
nois, and taught six year , before I
was married, and two since. These
are hard times that have fallen upon
us, and we never can be grateful
enough to our eastern friends or ro
pey their kindness in helping us out.
It is unpleasant to accept charity,
but the truth is we are in great need
and many more families are just as
bad off as Al rs. Russell's aud my
Mrs. Beck was accompanied by a
bright little girl, and both Miss Rus
sell and Mrs. Beck were remarkably
handsome and intelligent ladies.Miss
Russell wore a pairot boys' brogans,
and I do not think Mrs. Beck had
on any shoes. In Mrs. Russell's
dug-out the earthen floor was swept
clean, and although poverty was
everywhere apparent, there was no
want of tidiness.
At Arapahoe, a merchant, whose
name I did not take down at the
time, and which I have since forgot
ten related to your agent tho follow
"The other day, as I was eating
my dinner in the room behind the
store, where my wife and I live, a
little girl came into the store andmy
wife invited her to come in ond bo
seated until I was done, when I
would wait on her. I noticed the
child looked wistfully at the table,
and as I passed out, saw the tears
were rolling down her cheeks. I
asked her what was the matter, but
she would not tell me. I told my
wife to find out what ailed the child,
and went out closing the door be
hind me. The little girl then con
fessed to wife she was hungry, and
said she had not tasted food for forty-eight
hours, and that her mother
and little sister were at home in the
same condition. We gave her din
ner and sent some food to her moth-
At A.rapahoe I learned of a poor
family named Auguish, and visited
it. The statement of Mrs. Auguish
as given me was as follows :
"I have two children, both girls;
the eldest aged five years, and the
youngest two years. Sly husband
is a laborer, but finds it hard to get
work now. He came here with somo
money, bought a lot and commenced
to build a house and a mill. The
house is unfinished. I live in the
school house, whtch the director has
kindly allowed me to occupy until
after my confinement. I have about
fifty pounds of flour on hand and
one-quarter of a pound of tea. We
have no stock or fowls of any kind.
My children have no stockings or
shoes. I have had about $50 to live
on since April last. I have one de
cent dress, a calico. AVo raised no
crops, the grasshoppers eat up every
thing. I have no one to take caro
of mo when I am sick. I wish I had
some red flannel for the children.
I have picked uj some old rags, and
made clothing for my baby. I have
less than ever before, but can get
along if we have only have enough
to eat. I never saw tuch hard times
before. Do you think tho grasshop
pers will come again?"
Before leaving Arapahoe for Har
lan county, I visited Mrs. R. T. Hop
kins and received from her the fol
lowing statement relative to her con
dition: 'My husband is away. He went
on to get work. I think he is at
North Platte. I expect to be con
fined soon, and have no one to take
care of of me. I am nineteen
I have clothing enough
my baby and plenty of clothing for
myself to do through tho winter. I
have no Hour but, have two bushels
of potatoes and three pounds of
coffee; have no meat, tea or sugar.
I have two dollars in money."
Mr. Haney informed mo there was
a young girl living at his house
whose mother was very badly off. I
called ut the houso, and tho follow
ing is Mis3 Lizzie Schnider's state
ment relative to her mother:
'Mother is a widow and has four
children. Father has been dead ten
years. My mother lives on a home
stead of lfiO acres near Arapahoe.
We put in ten or eleven acres of
corn, but the grasshoppers eat it all
up. AVe had a few potatoes a bush
el or two perhaps. We live in a
dug-out. Mother washes when she
can get work to do. She gets seventy-five
cents a week for washing.
She is sickly. She needs shoes.She
has now no work. Wc are very
Miss Schnidcr, a young lady of
sixteen, broke down before she got
through her statement. Mr. Harvey
informed mo that Mrs. Schuider
was in delicate health, and that there
was literally nothing in the house.
Mr. Alber said he thought this wo
man had no bed or furniture, and
he doubted if she had any food. I
left an order for seven dollars with
this family. On my way down from
Arapahoe to Melrose I stopxed by
the roadside to visit a poor woman
who lives in Harlan county, near
Watson's postoffice, eight and a half
miles from Melrose. She made the
I have four children, aged seven,
six and three years, and a baby sev
en months old. My husband has
gone to Iowa to see if ho can get
help for us from friends there. The
grasshoppers eat up all we had. I
have forty pounds of flour and ten
cents worth of tea, but nothing else
We have no stock. Tho children
have no meat, I have no coffee or
sugar. I nurse my baby. My milk
is drying up. Dr. McCoy got me
the flour on credit and said he would
pay for it himself if I could not. I
do not know where I can get any
more when that is out. None of the
children have shoes or undercloth
ing. I have but one old calico wrap
per. I am in want. My cabin is very
open and cold at night. My name
is Martha Duncan.
The following is the statement of
a little girl who was at home keep
ing her brothers and sisters:
'My father and mother are out
haying for a neighbor. There are
five children of us. I am tho oldest.
We have a little flour in the barrel.
Father had a pig, but ho killed it
and wo ate it all up long ago. Father
says, 'When the flour is out we will
starve:' but mother sa's, 'God will
take care of us.' Our neighbor Mrs.
V inter, is as badly off as ourselves
and Mr. Foster is worse off. We
have no shoes or stockings. Wo have
one dress apiece. Mother has no
shoes. Father and mother aro out
working to get six dollars to pay
Mr. Austin. We owe him that much
and father says it must be paid. We
have no sugar, tea or coffee, nor
antyhing to eat but flour.Jand we are
thankful for that. I know money
when I see it. That is money! Billy,
come and see the money! 1 will take
good caro of it and give it to father
when he comes home. Ho will be
very glad. I wish I had somo cloth
ing, I would like to go to school; I
went last summer and learned to
read. I t m ten years old. and mv
name is Lizzie Chamberlain."
The family was very poor. Tho
cabin had 110 furniture, and the
children were almost naked. I gave
the children two dollars for their
patents, and left an order for f.ix
dollars on Mr. Tinkh im's store.
In many places the larger girls
hid themselves, ashamed to be seen
by a stranger, and the older women
felt confused, constantly apologiz
ing for their ragged appearance and
the poverty of their homes.
Nearly tho wholo population in
many places, is barefooted, and half
of the people aro nearly naked.
I heard a great deal of poverty
and distress in all directions, and
j wherever I traveled not over ten or
twenty day' supplies of rations were
to be found.
THE CHARLEY ROSS CASE.
Tho abductiou of littlo Charlev
Ross ia ouo of tho saddest cases
which have ever been made public
not only in the event itselt, but in
tho distressing consequences which
have resulted from it to tho family.
The alternato hopo ond despair
which tho father and mother have
suffered; tho slanders which have
been heaped upon them; the, prac
tical jokes which have been played
upon them by heartless people, and
the malicious manner in which cer
tain journals have followed them for
the mere sake of sensation, have
been hitherto unparalled in such
cases. The little boy was abducted
by two men on the 1st of July last,
while playing with his brother, and
was carried off in a buggy beyond
the icach of his parcuts. The fath
er offered a reward of $300, which
only brought out an anonymous
communication that tho boy would
not bo returned for less than $10,
000. It was not till nino days that
tho Philadelphia police took any
steps toward ferreting out tho ab
ductors, and then commenced oper
ations by issuing a descriptivo cir
cular, which was so loosely and
vaguely drawn that numerous inno
cent parties were arrested upon sus
picion; meanwhile, the father kept
receiving anonymous letters offering
to surrender the child for a stated
sum. The police authorities, how
ever, would not allow him to act up
on the ground that public justice
ought not to be defeated. Tho city
of Philadelphia then offered a re
ward of $20,000 for such informa
tion as would lead to the discovery
of the child. The largeness of the
reward induced Allan Pinkerton
and numerous detecives, both pub
lic and private, to go to work, and
Mr. Ross had hopes something
would bo done. Something was
done, but that something was of
such a nature that it only added to
the distress of tho family. On tho
25th of July, news came of the ar
rest of a man in Richmond, Va.jhav
ing the corpse of a child supposed
to be Charley Ross, but it turned
to be a child 10 month of age. On
the 4th of August a woman was ar
rested in West Philadelphia with a
child which subsequently she proved
was her own. Then came a dispatch
from Bennington, Vt., that a woman
had been arrested there with a child
answering the description of Char
ley Ross. Like tho others, this
child was shown to belong to anoth
er. Thus Mr. Ross was kept travel
ing from xoint to point, always in
eager anticipation of 'finding his
child, but always disappointed. Then
came tho news from Odell in thin
State, with which our readers aro
familiar, containing an account of
tho arrest of two men and a woman
having a child supposed to be Char
ley Ross in their possession, who
turned out to be tho son of ono
James Henderson. Next came tho
story of a mythical Pittsburg de
tective, who was on tho cvo of dis
covering tho child a story which
was soon exploded like tho rest.
Similar stories followed each other
in rapid succession from Washing-
ton, Jeffersouville, Ind , Lincoln,
Neb., and scores of other places of a
similar character, each ono of which
excited hopes in tho mind of the par
ents only to bo cruelly dissipated.
Other dispatches have been received
from parties who aro confident they
havo seen the child. In addition to
these distressing disappointments,
tho family havo been in tnc constant
receipt of threatening, scurrilous and
cowardly letters from anonymous
sources. Sensational newspapers,
under glaring head-lines,havo printed
all sorts of vile slanders, cruel des
criptions of the lamily and heartless
narratives of their grief, and somo
have even accused them of being
corrupt and mercenary, and of hav
ing connived at tho abduction of
their child for the sake of gain. Tho
sacredness of their grief-stricken
home has been intruded upon by
prying and ungentlemanly reporters
and correspondents, who havo writ
ten up most false and cruel letters.
These heartless slanders, cruol
persecutions, and heart-breaking al
ternations between hope and despair
havo at last so workid upon Mr.
Ross that they havo driven him in
sane, and his physician reports him
in a sinking condition. Tho friends
of tho family, unablo to stop tho
malico and recklessness of these sen
sational journals in any other way
havo brought suit for libel against
the most of them, which will prob
ably havo the effect to silence tho
rest of the pack. The poor mother
who waits and watches against bopo
for tho return of her child will havo
tho profound sympathy of tho pub
lic, and tho heartless wretches who
havo added to her troubles by their
fiendish cruelty nothing but its pro
foundest contempt and indignation.
The hemp crop in Southern Utah
is almost a failure, but it is thought
there is enough for all practical pur
purposes. About a scoro of persons accused
of gambling were indicted and . paid
fines ranging from $15 to $25 each
at the late term of the District Court
at Walla Walla.
Judge McFaddcn, Delegate to
Congress from Washington Territo
ry, has so far recovered from his sc
vero illness as to bo able to return to
tho National Capital.
One of tho most prominent Bish
ops in Salt Lake had tho disposal of
tho tock captured of tho emigrants
at Mountain Meadows. He will
probably havo a chance to explain
somo very unpleasant facts.
Tho official returns of the vote for
Delegate havo been received from all
the counties, and Judge Jacobs' ma
jority is 1,200, tho largest ever
gained by a candidate in Washington
Territory. It is a goqd thing for, a
candidate to bo known as an upright
At tho conference of the Congro
gatioral Churches of the Territory,
held at Central, October 28th, a res
olution was adopted authorizing tho
Committee on tho Congregational
College to receive proposals from
Gov. Evans and othe.is in tho regard
to tho location of U10 collogo in Den
ver, instead of Colorado Springs.