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About Washington independent. (Hillsboro, Washington County, Or.) 1874-18?? | View Entire Issue (Nov. 20, 1874)
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HlLLSBORO, WASHINGTON COUNTY, OREGON, FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 20, 1874.
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AGENT AT PORTLAND, OKEGON-L.
AGENT AT SAN FRANCISCO L.1Fisii
isn, r.omH20 k 21,Merchiint'sExehanse
California Htre t.
AG ENTS AT NEW YORK CITY-S. M.
rKTTFN.uti.A Co., 37 Pnrk Row cor.
Pekman t.-KO. P. Rowkll & to.,
41 Park Ron .
TO CORRESPONDENTS. AH comnmni
rntion 'intended for insertion in 1 iik
lMrrrvrrvr must 1 authenticated by
t'ie nam'4 and address of the writer -n
t niessaril.v fr publication, but as a
jusrnnty of pwwt faith.
OFFICE In HillsWro in the ull Court -
ITouse building on the Public Square.
JOIIX VITK, M.
Phyician ad Surgeon.
llll.l.Sr.OltO, - ... OK EH .
yyniwr otUntU - t DEFOKMI
TlKXl fllKOXW ULCEUS.
OFFICF Main street Hillslioro. Oregon.
P. A. 1IAI1-KY, M. 1.
Physician, Surgeon nnd Accoucheur
OFFICE at the Drug Store.
RESIDENCE Three lU.K-ks South of
Drn.v; Store. "l1
Physician and Snrgron,
F0KKMT C5R0VE, .... i'REUON.
OFFICE--At hi Residence, West of
Johnson Planing Mills. n49:ty
W. II. SAYLOll, M.
Physician and Surgeon.
FOREST GROVE, - - - - OREGON
OFFICE At th Dmg Store.
15 ESIDENCE Corner Second Rloek south
of tW Dm Store. mV2:lj
II. Y. TnoMPsox.
Durham ft Thompson.
JTTOUNE YS-AT-L A W ,
No. 100 First Strset,
ALFRED XnXIXEY, IX-D.,
OFFICE IN DEKUM'S BUILDING,
N. W. corner of First and Washing
ton Streets, Portland, Oregon. n37 ly
B AI.T. k STOTT,
A rTORNEYS-AT-LA W,
No. 6 Dekum's Block,
THOMAS H. TONGUE.
tlillsboro, Washington County, Oregon.
Jf tUX CATL1X. B- KILI.ni.
Catliii S. Killin,
ATTORNEYS AND COUNSELOR
Dckum'B Building, First Street,
TIIE WIIITK 1IOUSK."
lias the largest assortment of First Class
Pry Goods Millinery, Fancy Goods,
In Portland. No. 87 First Street,
LEWIS k STRAUS.
THE LAltGKST JEWELRi' STOKE IN
Dealer In Watches; Diamonds, Jewelryand
Silverware. No. 103 Front Street.
for the Cel
Howard Watch Co. and Chus
Watches. S th Thomas Clocks.
fWatchc8 and Jewelry repaired and
All orders sent by Express promptly at
tended to. Goods sold at one price only.
No plated Jewelry of tiny description sold
at this EKtahlishimmt.
SOLD OX A NEW PLAN. $25 TO $50
EXTRA ATTACHMENTS for
doing all kinds of work, FREE.
Manufacture cfnmtrttrrtl in 1873
(h tr S(MHH in fV.
Mb. A.J.Dct'trn, State Agent
for 1. of II. .has made siecial
arrnngrnients to supply meni
ler with th;s machines.
The Home Maehine Co' the
only one that refused to join
the sowing marhme ring.
Pnees ol nil kind of Sewing
MachineNredh's relneed to fiO
i-ents per dozen. I'ri Iist,
Cireulars,aml full particulars
snt to any address on applica
tion. GEO. W. TRAVEI5,
llomeS. M..S. W. eor. Morr
son V 31 ut. Portland, Or.
TWO FIKST PKEMU MS
tnte irrri t!S73
Lirgfst Manufactory north
of San Francisco.
A full assortment of SngnrTovs,
Cornucopias. II axCaill s, tc,
'for the Holidays.
Manufactory, alisky j- he:ele.
No. H7, First street.
WELL ASSORTEI Foreign
and Medicines, at the New
Drn g Storo f
Corner First and Oak t, Fort
land. Orders from the country
attended to with care and di-
puteh. 1 O. Box No. 218.
J.K.I.'ILI; & (I!.,
75, Flit Strei t.
Shool Rxks, Rlank Rooks,
Miscella ieousliooks. nnd a
AT LOWEST RATES.
Or. J. B. PILXTNGTON,
rrofesHtirftflt-ensi'H of tliecyc
indll'ir inMedical Department
Cnivcsity of the Will imctte.
Office. Cor. First and Wash
ington nts.Makes a specialty of
of Diseases of thcEye Eiir.Nose
ened. Artificial eves inserted.
Speetalos nrescrilnHl for imncr-
It "Use the Straight Nectllr.
and will do eitherLight orllea
ry Work without change or ad-
Ijnstment, being an Improre-
inentovcr all High-PrieedMa-
Buy no Machine nntil yon
The price is $10 to $20 less
then others. Needlf ft fr ali
Sfarhines CHEAP. Send for
Circular and Price List.
A VAIL, Gen'l Ae't.
i u i niru oi. x oniana ur,
Manufnetnerer and Dealer in
Surgical. Dental Instrnmen
No. 131 FIRST STREET.
J. A .ST It O W Jill I DG K
Ditect imiorter nnd denier in
Leather & Shoe Findings,
No. 141 FRONT STREET.
JOHN A. BECK,
Formerly with W.Beck V Son,
No. 105 Fbost Street,
Special attention given to Rc-
Jaring Watches Clocks and
ewelry. Orders by Mail or ex
press promptly atienaea lo.
A it I ON
A. P. SMITH &. Co.
'Importers and general dealers
in ORGANS & PIANO.v.
General Agent for the Es
tkt Organs and Abion Piano
iWarerooms 105 Yont strec
HARDWARE; IRON, STEEL.
Hubs. Spokes,, Rims, Oak. Ash
NORTIIRUP & THOMPSON.
Portland - - - - - - Oregon.
Wholesale and Retail Dealers in Doors, Sash
and Blinds, also German, French
Crystal sheet. Enameled, Stained and Cut
Glass, Glazing done to order at .Van Fi-an-ciseo
prices.and satisfaction guarantee d.
5ti Front btrctt Portland - - - Oregon
From the New York Tribune.
Tlio plan of creating fictitious cap
ital or water upon railroads, appears
to Imvo been initiated with tho form
ation of the Now York Central Rail
road Company in 1853, by tho con
sol illation of tho ten bo pc rate corpor
ations then owning the roads be
tween tho Hudwm river and tho
lakes. Tho combined amount of
share capital and convertible bonds
of these sepcrato organisations was
then $23,235,000. The equalizing
process of tho consolidation was that
the Schenectady and Troy Company
that being the least productive of
all should come in at par, while
the holders of stock or convertible
bonds of the othes roads received a
premium in consolidated six per cent,
debt certificates raugiiig from 17 to
.15 per cent. , making an issue of
these certificates, amounting to
894,500, or over 30 per cent, on tho
true share capital of tho company.
From this time down to 18G7 there
has been no material change in the
total of stock nnd debt of the New
York Central Company other than
what could bo nearly accounted for
by actual value received, aud iU ca -ilal
account was then represented by
$28,537,000 of stock and $12,0U),
830 of bonds, a total (including
the "water" of 1853) of 10,I0oVS20.
The Hudson ltivcr Railroad Compa
ny at the same time had a share capi
tal of $7,000,000 and a landed debt
of $7,K7 ,000---total, $14,227,000,
making these two companies, which
in lMiii were consolidated, stand in
187 as follows: Stork, (3i,53!l,-
000, and boi!sd,$l,.,2,.M;,820, or a to
tal capital account of $11,834,820.
During tho year 18(7 the Hudson
KiverCo. presented its stockholders
with $3,500,000 stock, or a dividend
of 50 per cent. ; and again, at the
time of the consolidation, another
one ot 85 per cent, on the then out
standing stock of f 10,000,000, mak
imjan issue of $13,025,000. Tho
New York Central Company had, in
18G8, presented its stockholders
with the small crumb of $23,030,
000, or 80 per cent., followed by one
of 27 per cent., $7,775,000, at the
time of consolidation. Thus in the
spaco of two years tho now New
York Central and Hudson River
Railroad Company added to its capi
tal the small sunt of $47,030,000 cre
ated out of nothing but tho will of
its directors and tho mixturo of pa
per and printer's ink. From 1870 to
1872 the bonded debt was increased
each year from one to two millions
of dollars, since which it has been
increased somo $20,000,000 for pur
looses of construction. Who shall
say if any or how much of this has
liccn additional "water" to mako up
the necesaary amount of $7,200,000
for annual dividens? It will be seen
by the foregoing that tho known fic-
m m9 a
titious capital ol tms company, in-
eluding tho issuo of 1853, is somo
$10,000,000 creator than the real
capital which had been in
vested down to 1869. Is cheap
transportation possible under such
conditions? Continnine; the line
west, over the Lake Shore andMich
icran Southern Co.'s road to Chicago
we find additional "water," which
has been added between 18C1 and
1871, as follows:
Ruffalo and Erio 88 miles. $5,400,000
Cleveland. Painesvillo and
Ashtabula 96 miles. f.,819,900
Cleveland andToledo . . 148 mis. 1 ,250,000
Lake Shore (C. P. and A. and
C. and T.) 1,1)0,000
Michigan Southern and North
ern Indiana 587 miles 1 ,000,000
Lake Shore and Michigan
Southern 587 miles. 9,333,333
Or $302,333 more than half of the
present share capital of tho Compa
ny. The total cost cf the above
road in 1SG1, as represented by
stock and bonds, and which inclu
ded some "water", created in 185G,
was only $34,300,000, of which sum
the $25,302,333 since added by tho
printing press is over 70 per cent.
Thus we have on this ono line of
oad from this city to Chicago an ac
knowledged fictitious capital of $82,
132,833, a sum sufficient to build
and thoroughly equip a doublo track
rood for the entire distance; a sum
111 1 J A WVSk MLSJ
caning ior auoui ?u,isju,uuu a year
to be paid from tho traffic receipts,
or in other words, $0,000,000 is to
bo yearly drawn from tho pooplo for
tho payment of dividends and inter
est on a supposed capital "never hav
ing had a real existence. Is cheap
tranportation a possibility?
No wonder that tho subject should
bo receiving tho attention of tho
merchants of this city, as they wake
p to tho fact that theBaltimoro and
Ohio Railroad i re about completing
their own line direct into the great
"rain market of the Northwest, and
being capitalized at less than $40,
000 per mile, can and will deliver
ircirht at Baltimore at much lower
rates than it is po'.'ilo for our roads
capitalized at over $130,000 per
mile, to deliver it in New York. It
has certainly required no extraordi
nary mathemmatical ability to com
prehend this fact. It is Now York's
misfortune as well as her fault tha t
her railroads arc all so heavily han
dicapped. In this vast amount of
fictitious capital lies one of the ob
stacles to cheap transiiortation, nnd
in the Legislature may lie one of the
remedies. Will it not savo time and
lie better to go immediately alter the
stolen horso without stoppm;? to
lock the empty stable! As before
stated, the roads mentioned have
havcbeeii selected only because
they were the most conspicuous, as
the examples of all, aud not the ex
ception. To maintain that
companies can earn aud pay
dends on this vast amount of
only adds to tho force of the
lliat the llepublican party is an
organization of great strength is ev
idence! by the frequent nnd ucvere
jolts it has survived in the past four
teen years, but it is no more iinmor
tal than it is infallible, and cannot
stand everything. ' Tho severest
strains to which it has been tubject
ed is perhaps the attempt to cccrco
it in some of the States into the ol-
icy of making men pious and tcm
perato and moral by statue. This is
of a piece with tho well-meant ef-
forts of certain men to engraft God
into tho Constitution which would
be naturally followed by tho propa
gation of Christianity through tho
influence of criminal codes and the
regulation of appetites and taste by
The utter failure of all efforts to
convert Governments into propaga
tors and defenders of the faith, and
the ruinous results which such ef
forts have had upon all human prog
ress, will have failed of their 'legiti
mate instruction if thoy do not teach
men to adopt a different theory.
The history of the Christian relig
ion, as well as of every other moral
reform, offers tho best evidenco of
tho futility of any effort on the part
of the State to regulate and prescribe
personal morality. In no nation
where Christianity sought to gain
a foothold did it fail to meet with
the bitter hostility and persecution
of the political potvers, and every cf
fort of all Governments during that
timo was to crush cut tho pernicious
theories of tfib new system on the
supposition tliat they wero immoral
and subversivo of good government.
The States of that dayjwero tho prop
agandists of tho established relig
ion, and regulated personal morality
according to tho existing standards
by statutes. The Dark Ages abound
with examples of tho impracticabili
ty of suchV theories. The inquisition
was the appliance of thcjuling pow
er to regulate tho raoralsof the citi-
zcn. it cannot be considered a suc
cess. The reign of the Puritans was
simply tho effort of a party to pre
scribe and control the religious
creed of the individual, and to pun
ish his sin. . It was a grand old par
ty grand in its absolute bigotry, m
its perfect tyranny over conscience.
It even seemed to be successful for
a time, but tho terrible rebound
when tho tension was withdrawn, as
exemplified in the vice and immoral
ity of the Stuarts, aftords the best
evidence that tho apparent reforms
under tho Puritanic rules wcro mere
shams, glossed over iy a thiu coat
ing of sniveling hypocrisy.
These and other instances teach
us that men cannot and w 11 not be
made moral and pious by law, nnd
that any effort in that behalf will
only pioduce a disastrous reaction
which will prove detrimental if not
fatal to all morality.
If a man can bo made temerato
by law, he may bo made also tho ex
emplar of all the virtues, when tho
preacher's occupation will lie gone,
nnd ho needs only to closo up his
church doors and join tho lobby to
secure the enactment of laws that
will cvangelizo tho world and usher
in tho mellcnnium. The process is
simple, and if its advocates really
believe in its efficiency let them
give it a fair trial. Tho economy of
the system must commend it to the
modern reformer. It ill do away
with the highly ornate and expensive
bouses of worship, where, of course,
tho poor have the Gospel preached
to them. It will save tho salaries of
eloquent divines, operatic choirs,und
the vnried and expensive parapher
nalia of tho temple. Tho station
house, the jail and the penitentiary
must come to the front as tho
churches recede, ami tako their le
gitimate positions as instruments of
moral reform and religious
The citizen who now dozen in his
softly-cushioned pew and longs for
the ivpo;e f home, will then be
spared the thousand and ono e xpcti
sea attendant on the spread of the
Gospel, and embrace them all in
the check for his annual taxes. A
wonderful convenient arrangement
this would bo if it would only work,
but it will not.
That tho mills ofUod grind slowly
is painfully true, and is no doubt
the reason of tho impatience of our
would-be reformers I They argue that
in this day of advanced civilization
when wo have such commodious
jails and pcuitcntiarics, and sucl
iienoct criminal codes, it will oc so
much better to placo all vice, im
morality and intemperance under
lock and key, than to await God's to
dious processes for their extinction.
It is patent that religious and moral
intolerance is every where dying out
in tho world, not simply from the
growing belief that it is wrong, but
because of tho teachings of all expo
nenco that it is useless. Tho world
is coming to sco and beliovo. not
that men cannot bo forced into n
show of regularity, but that if they
arc so forced it will Imj only an ap
parent virtuo, aud, liko Pindar's un
regeneratod cabin boy, they will go
to prayers, but they will not pray.
Let tho advocates of tho now po
litical docttino rest assured that they
arc on the wrong tact that God's
methods aro far better than theirs;
that even though His mills grind
slowly, they do their work far better
than any patent contrivance yet do
vised. Tho world has never been
lifted up nor improved, in any moral
or religious sense, by human statute,
and all laws for tho enforcement of
personal purity and virtuo will bo
worthless as so much blank paper.
We must content ourselves to rely
on tho Uod-ordainoa processes oi
teaching and exempting morality
and religion, sustained as they aro
by tho admonition of tho founder of
tho faith and tho experiences of tho
ages. WadiitiUmi Chron u U,
Prof. Thos. Condon will deliver a
course of twelve lectures beforo tho
University at Salem this 1 coming
winter, beginning on the 18th inst.
A party left Astoria last Tuesday
to arsango for constructing the
range beacons on Sand Island. The
party will put down a base 30 by
30-30 feet high, with range targets
six feet above tho 'owcrs. The tar
gets are to be constructed of iron.l2
feet in diameter, and will bo visible
a Ion; distance from sea. 1
DEMOCRATIC FINANCIAL PLATFORM.
"Free Trado, Hard Money, . Homo
Rule." New York h'tmv(uy. 1
"Wo demand an immodiato
crease or greenback currency.
Democracy of Cincinnati.
"Wo demand an immediate
sumption of a metallic currency."
DcnnxTaaj of Maine,
"Tho trno remedy is to moderately
increase the greenback currency nt
once.and let further regular incrcaso'
follow," General Ewtntj'tCvhtmfni
"You send theso notes out into
the world stamped with irrcdeenm
bility. You put on them the mark
of Cain, and liko Cain they will go
forth to bo vaijahomlA mulj'ayitit'c on.
the earth," VemUehn on yrccnlxwi
"Greenback, currency--tho best
tho world ha ever seen." Jhtu
VoorhicA of Indiana,
"Wodetnaiid tho repeal of tho le
gal tender act to take placo no later
than July 4,187(5, nnda specie basi.s
and free banks with secured curren
cy." Mihiyan Democratic Plat
"Wo aro in favor of such an in ,
crease in the circulating medium
(greenbacks) as the business interest
of the country may from time to
time rcouire." Ohio cmucralie
Via i form.
"Speedy resumption of specie pay
ments is alike demanded by honor
and recommended by all civilized.
nations of tho world nu tlio only
sound and healthv basis of currency."
lasyachaticft Democratic Platform.
Apples every oilier Year.
Two yearn ago, as wo all remem
ber, the country was flooded by an .
immense npplo crop. They wero
not worth tho cost of picking and
housing in many, places. Farmers
having large orchards wcro templed
to givo up raising apples as a farm'
crop, becauso when they aro plenty
the prico is so low that there is little
profit from the crop, and when tho
prico is high there aro no apples.
Why it is so wo shall not attempt to
explain, but it seems to bo a fact
that applo trees bear alnmt all their
fruit in even years, not only in New
England but throughout most of tho
Western States. In a few orchards
in Now England the trcos bear . in
odd years, and in somo of . tho cx
trcmo Western States tho habit of
bearing only in oven years does not
seem to lo as yet fully established.
The tendency, however, seems to bo
all that way. Now wo wieh every
farmer and every farmer's son iu
New England would mako tho expo- '
riment of picking off all tho fruit
from at least one applo tree this year,
as soon as tho fruit is as largo ns
acorns; and from another tree pick
off the larger portion of tho fruit at
tho same stage, and uoto tlio results.
Whether the bearing years cun bo
changed by this course wo aro una
ble to say with certainty. It has
often been claimed claimed that tho
change might bo made in this way.
At any rate tho object is well worth
working for. Tho trcos should bo
manured and tho ground cultivated
to stimulate growth and tho forma
tion of fruit buds, as tho crop of fruit
si always determined tho year provi
ous. N. E. Farmer.
Hero is an Irish gentleman's letter
to his son in college: "My denr son
I writo to scud you two pair of
my old breeches, that you may havo
a new coat mado out of them; also
6omo now socks which your tmolhcr
has just knit by cutting down somo ,
of mino. Your mother sends you
two pounds without my knowledge,
and for fear that you may not use it
wisely I have kept back half and on
ly send you one. Your mother and
I aro well, except that your sister
has got tho measles which wo thiuk
would havo spread among our oth
er girls if Tom had not had
it before, and ho is tho only ono left.
I hope you will do honor to my
teachings; if not you are an ttss, and
your mother and myself your nfl'ec- ;
-e. - ..