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About The Eugene City guard. (Eugene City, Or.) 1870-1899 | View Entire Issue (Nov. 13, 1897)
Eagene City Guard.
I. U OAMrBCLI.. FroprUtor.
A New Jersey man la trying to raise
peaches without whiskers on them.
Chicago's record of 237 suicides In
eight months Is unequaled In any other
city as a multiple for depopulation.
Although a Norwegian, Andree ought
to be able to put up a pretty good line
of talk In pigeon-English when be get
In six dnys the average screw of a
steamer eroding the Atlantic makes
nearly a million revolutions. South
American republics please note.
Two dozen old maids n a Western
town bare organised a brans band.
"Haute to the Wedding" will probably
be the first tuue that they will prac
The Standard Oil Company proposes
buying a fleet of ships in which to
carry oil to India, China and Japnn,
thus scattering oil beyond the troubled
Tho school teacher at Cobourg, Ont.,
who sued for $2,000 dumages for being
kissed against her will, and was award
ed twenty centH, Is thinking of suing
the members of the Jury now.
The first woman to put In claims for
the next presidency seems to be Mrs.
Josephine Henry, of Kentucky, an un
compromlNlng agnostic. Rut It Is a
llttlo early to run for President now.
The Washington Pout alleges that
"one of the new plays lately produced
has been dragged to death by the
Scotch dialect It contained." The au
dience preferred to get their hot Scotch
outside of the theater.
It Is said that statistics show that
nearly oue-Ofteentb of all the deaths In
the medical profession are from sui
cide. Even If It be true, It Is not strange
that men often so cruelly overworked
should not uufrequontly lose their
A good many people use "Ithcr" and
"nltber," Instead of "either" and "nei
ther," to be particularly correct. As a
matter of fact, "Ither" and "nlther" are
obsolete, and Incorrect. This la on the
authority of the latest and best diction
ary, the Standard.
To be married on Tike's Teak was
the sole object of a young couple's re
cent trip to Colorado. The papers say
they were "elated." Doubtless! Oth
ers than the Uoninnn Emperor love to
play untouching pranks which put
them under the lamplight of the public
A New Jersey family which declared
Itself absolutely destitute, recently ap
pealed to the town authorities for poor
relief. The application was refused
when It was discovered that the suffer
ers owned two bicycles. The wheel Is
a useful and desirable possession, but
can hardly be deemed a necessary of
A wealthy oculist giving some final
directions to a patient, frowned as be
saw her tie a finely dotted veil over her
face. "Always buy that kind, and
wear It habitually," ho exclaimed. Iron
ically; "every dot In It Is worth five
dollars to me, and It will accustom you
to floating black spots. Good morn
ing." Through bis private olllce he
watched the lndy go out vellless.
The triple century run Is the term
for the latest form of athletic Idiocy,
and those who finish the distance are
called "survivors," though they not un
frequently do themselves mortal Injury
In tho long strain, A woman who
achieved her threo hundred miles a few
days ago was carried In the arms of
another cycler to a gullery and photo
graphed, the result showing at what
fearful cost she had earued her unen
Tliero has been some apprehension as
to the posHlblllly of American Interests
being more or less Jeopardised In a pos
sible competition with Japanese pro
ducts. . Cheap labor furnished wbnt ap
peared to be a sound reason for some
such anxiety. It seems, howover, that
values hnvo risen rapidly In Japan, and
the Added cost of living has had Its ef
fect on wages. This certainly qualifies
the situation considerably. If this lift
ing process coutluucs, as It Is likely to
do, the margin for competition will nar
row, and the scare about Oriental cheap
lalMir will bo found to be more smoke
The American explorer Is a busy In
dividual. Not content with arctic ad
venture, Alaska prospecting, watching
Mais from Sou Hi American peaks and
digging up near Bubylou the oldest of
cities, he has been looking over the un
visited reglous of I'ntegouln. A scien
tific party from Prlncetou has retdrned
from a long Journey to that Jumping
off place, laden with a lnrge botanical
collection, 800 skins and skeletons of
birds and animals and eight tons of fos
sils, Including more than 1,000 skulls
and nearly complete skeletons. Some
time was spent with the Channel and
Canoe Indians, who live almost entire
ly In frnll boats of their own construc
tion and subsist on shellfish found In
abundance along the shores.
The Turkish authorities have the sus
piciousness of a pursued criminal. In
every novelty they see a device to make
the government less secure. They look
not for pence but for plots, and natur
ally a conspiracy Is easily Imagined
when none exists. A bowling outfit
renejied Jaffa. The suspicious officers
opened the box, asked what those dan-gcrous-looklng
balls contained, and
finally cut one of thein open. Finding
nothing within, they confiscated the ar
ticles. Ultimately the balls were sent
to the arsenal at Damascus, and the
Minister of War ordered the authorities
as Jaffa and the commander at Jerusa
lem to be vigilant. A government which
rests on suspicion Is sure to mnko Itself
ridiculous, as well as to show Itself re
vengeful. The tragic events following the as
sault on I'resldeut Dins have excited
the a inn lenient of the world. First the
assailant was barbarously murdered In
bla cell An Investigation followed, on
der the stem supervision of the Presi
dent himself. Two Inspector of police
were arrested. One of them, Velas
quel, confessed bis crime, declared
that be bad committed It out of pas
sionate loyalty to the President, and
then shot himself. The episode throws
a keen light on the methods of Gen.
Dlax and on bl position In Mexico. It
always bas been a matter of wouder
that be should be able to bold In check
the bot-boaded people of Mexico, and
while maintaining the appearance of a
constitutional government, rule as ab
solutely as the Czar of Russia. Here
we have the secret the personal loyal
ty of bis follower and bis own rigid,
even fierce Insistence on Justice, It
was devotion to Ilas that led Kduardo
Velasquoi to execute summary ven
geance on the anarchist, and It was
fear of the Inevitable punishment that
would be meted out to him by bla Im
placable master that caused Yelasquci
to slay himself In bis cell. We may
quarrel with President Dlax' theories
of government, for they savor ' too
greatly of the monarchical Idea to be
palatable to the true republican, nut
there can be no gainsaying the fact
that Porflrlo Dlu Is a grent ruler for
Mexico, and that scant Justice bas been
done bis position among tho statesmen
of our century by the hlstorlun of cur
A correspondent asks If we consider
self-esteem sinful. Itles your dear
heart, of course not. It Is a pretty safe
rule that the world will regard you at
your own estimate. If you sing a con
stant song of self-dcproclatlon you
must not feel aggrieved when tho rent
of the world Joins In the doleful chorus.
I'rluh Ileep might have been an endur
able creature If be bad not been so per
sistently and aggravatlngly and con
foundedly 'umble. Humility may be a
virtue, but you do not want to force
It, castor oil-fashion, down the throat
of your fellow-being. Curry yourself
erect, walk with firm and confident
step, bold up your bead, give the peo
ple on the oilier sldo of the street the
Impression that If there are any beings
In the world happier or more comforta
bly situated than yourself you have not
found them. Keep neat and clean. If
you have uo silk dress try and look
stylish In a gingham. Do not run down
at the heel, lte Independent. Do not
expect others to place a pennyworth of
value upon you If you do not esteem
yourself. It may be that nature has
been niggardly In dispensing talents In
your direction, but make the most of
even your limited possessions. Better
keep afloat by clinging to an old plank
than sink out of sight altogether. There
Is a difference botween self-esteem and
nu egotistical forwardness. Tho former
Is proer and stimulating; the latter Is
unpardonable A forward, pert, and ol
truslve manner In an otherwise pretty
maiden Is like the unpleasant odor of
tho beautiful marigold or the shrill
scream of the magnificent peacock.
This Is entirely different from self es
teem, which Is only another name for
self-respect, and If our corrcsondent
will but respect herself she will find uo
difficulty In winning respect from
MAN OF THE FUTURE.
Will Use No Language Because He
Will Need None. .
This Is the way Dr. R. M. Burke.
President of the psychology section of
tho British Medical Association, says
the head of the man of the future will
look. Tho new race, be says, will use
no language because It will need noue.
The Interchange of thought between
Indlvdlunls will be simply a mental ef
fort on the part of each, unaccompanied
by any physical manifestation what
ever. As one person evolves bis Idea
the other will Instautly grasp It by
means of a subtle telepathy, which
even now In the gift lu a more or less
modified form of tunny people who are
only vaguely conscious of their strange
power, and, In ninny Instances, too
timid and fearful of ridicule to pub
licly confess It or attempt to develop
It. With future generations this gift
will become more and more frequent
In Individuals and of greater and great
er ower, until this slteut Interchange
of thought Is nt Inst as common as are
now speech aud writing. Nor wilt bis
bowers stop even there. He not only
will be able to exchnnge thoughts with
people thousnnds of leagues away, but
will be a bio to seo them ns dlstluctly
as though they were physically pres
ent, and even see If he chooses whnt
Is passing anywhere In the world.
There will be an eud of eyes and ears,
the gross physical ' chamtcls through
which sensations now must pass to tho
mind. They will all go, for they will
all be useless as useless as the mech
anism of the voice, by which sensations
and Ideas are now conveyed from the
mind outward. There may 'be some
scar or merinlngless excrescence where
nxAD or TUB rCTURX WAS.
Ibese organs once were, Just a uow
there are physiological suggestions of
man's ape origin humiliating remind
ers of the brute ancestry from which
the god-like being was evolved. Hut
that will be all, and even that will
melt away and disappear at Inst.
A Difficult situation. .
"I'm In a quaudnry," remarked the
"Of whnt nature?"
"I cbnlleuged that mngaxlnc editor."
"Whnt did he do about ltr
"Scut mo a printed slip saying that
my manuscript had been received and
would be rend as soon as It could he
reached lu It turn." Washington
Some people save nil their sympathy
until a mnu U dead; they they make
bl grave sloppy wltlt their teua
WHEN I WAS A BAREFOOT ROVER.
Oh, the spoil and greed In tbe world of
And the strife that lives forever,
Are lost In the wsys and dear old day
That tbe years can never sever.
I'd psss tbe bsunts and marts of men.
And all Its Joys, moreover,
To live and dresm one boyish dream
When I wss a barefoot rover.
The shady lane, by the rlp'nlng grsln,
And the meadows again to wsuder;
The wlllow'd rill beyond tbe hill,
To the plrkerel pond "down yonder."
To lie In tbe cool of the shade aud dresm
My youthful dreams all over,
I'd give all the world bas doled to me
To be a barefoot rover.
The bees and birds, the lowing herds,
Tbe muddy cattle wallow;
The hollow stump where squirrels slunk
And the nuts In "chipmunk hollow;"
The fMlnt, sweet smell from the ferny dell
Where the wild flow'rs used to hover,
And tho woods, snd brooks, and secret
Were mine a barefoot rover.
The chirp of birds, the lowing herds,
And the bumble bees' dull droning
Is music wall'd from the surging throng
With Its nerer censing nuMiuiiig.
And I'd puss the haunts and marts of men.
And Its srts sndjoj-n, moreover,
To lie and dream one boyish dream
When I wss a barefoot rover.
Chicago Inter Ocean.
SAVED BY SIIABBINESS
jhvfljsisissiiis nrst great ex-f-vCi'"sK
cltemcnt of tho op-
enlng of the civil
war swept over tho
country use on ir
wave In that mem
orable year 1W1,
and I was caught
In the current, though at college, and
with nearly all my class enlisted among
the first volunteers. My Tiealth uot be
ing very robust, Instead of receiving or
ders for field service, I was commis
sioned to till a place In n disbursement
One dny I was summoned Into tbo
presence of my commanding officer and
told I was to accompany Capt. McKcy
(we will call blin) to a certain city fur
money to pay the troops. Tbe sum
was $1(10,000. We were given particu
lar directions as to our going and com
ing. Tbe distance was so grent we
were obliged to stay over night on the
route. A large city was selected aud
we were advised as to the hotel.
When we reached our destination
Capt. McKay produced an old black
bag for our precious burden. It was
not an ordinary old wornout, bag such
a one as an officer might have used un
til the gloss was gone and the edges
were white. There was no air of an
cient respectability alMiut It. Since It
was new much time must have elapsed,
and heavy wear must bnve been Its
portion, Judging from tbe patches
which were not of the same kind of
shiny black leather as tbe primitive
The Cnptnln carried tbe bag and I
wutcbed the Captain. When the num
bers traveling admitted of It, I took a
sent Just behind 1dm; otherwise we sat
I rather enjoyed benrlng the com
ments of our fellow travelers on tbo
Cnptnln and his bug. One young lady
said to her companion: "If that nice
looking cnptnlu ha a wife she ought
to be ashamed of herself for allowing
ber husband to carry such a furious
looking old bng!"
A couple of lads returning from
school took the seat vacated by the In
dies, and nfter they wore settled they
commenced to look about them, and
one said to the other: "What' thut
"Which one?" naked his companion.
"The one with the bag?" After study
lug some time be replied, "Brevet col
onel, I believe."
"Brevet Jnck-n-nnpes;" exclaimed tho
first Ixiy. "I believe he's n low-downer,
something llko an 'orderly' or an 'ad
jutant.'" "No, slr-ree, sir; he's n 'brevet' of
some kind. Didn't wo bnve the expla
nation of 'brevet' tho other day In class
as a commission which entitles nn ottl
cer to riiuk above his pay? Now that
feller ranks above bis pay, which ac
counts for his uniform's being first
class, for Uncle Sam settles tho bills.
Hut his pay does not nllow him to huvo
other nice things like bugs aud
Aside from remarks, we met with no
adventure, and reached the hotel where
we were to spend the night about 1) In
tho evening. We hud deterilwiull to
avoid exciting remarks by making un
neeessnry requirements about our
room, so simply asking for a room In
the quiet pnrt of the hotel where wo
could sleep In the morning, we were
shown to one of a suite. We realized
we had niiidc a mlstnko In this particu
lar when we were alone, and com
menced to make plans for barricading,
as the room had throe doors to be
"Sow whnt will we do to the win
dows?" asked Capt. McKay, ns wo
stood In our shirt sleeves, all heated
from our exertions of moving a heavy
mahogany Itedstond without rollers In
front of one door, a marble-topped
wuHhstand lu front of another and a
marble-topped bureau (nlso without
casters) In front of the third.
I considered myself something of a
genius about n house, so I replied cheer
fully: "I think I can fix the windows
I took the chairs and the towel rack,
some empty pnatclmnrd boxes found lu
the closet and a bamboo whatnot uud
erected a pyramid between the win
dows. My Idea was to construct an
easily moved something so that uny
ouo trying to enter by the window
would give premonitory symptoms by
a grand overthrow. The pyramid uot
being high enough, I bethought mo of
the window shades. An unfortunu.e
thought, for I lamed my thumb nud
skinned several fingers trying to get
the shades down. But at length we
stood In admiring silence before a pyr
amid that at Its base took In both win
dows and at Its summit, by the aid of
he wiled up shndes placed like an "A"
to form an apex, reached nearly to the
top of the room. We felt safe and re
tired for tbe night.
I was awakened by thinking a do
tnchuieut of artillery and an avnlmtcho
from tho Mntterhorn were attempting
to enter our windows at tbe same time.
I r v a leap from the bed to ascertalu
what watb. matter, when t found
myself aU enveloped In window shade,
(tbey having .elected that pleasing
moment to unwind aner ob.u
me awake. .
Capt McKay assured me that I mane
use of various strong expressions as I
struggled to free myself. After the
closet scrutiny, we could discover no
trace of any attempt having been mod
to enter our room by tbe windows, but
sundry movlngs about overhead led us
to conclude our pyramid bud received
Its overthrow from Jur from thut quar
ter. "Morn, waked by the circling hour,
with rosy bund," hud scarcely unbarred
the gutes of light when I felt somet liliig
more vigorous thuu a "rosy bund hold
of uiy shoulder, and opening my eyes
I saw the Captain' fuco pule and dis
tracted In frout of mine and beard him
sny In a volco trembling with emotion:
"The bug Is gone!"
"It cannot ber" I cried, springing up
In a frenzy of fear. But dlllgen' search
could not reveul Its biding place, There
stood the heavy niuhognny bed before
ono door, the wnshstund and bureuu be
fore the other two, undisturbed! Hie
dust on the window Iwi'e and sush
seemed to prove that no one. not even
tho chamlM'inmld, bud Interfered with
them for some time.
"Let us get dressed and notify the
authorities of our !," cried tbe Cap
tain In a bourse w hisper.
Both of us started to obey this sug
gestion und made such sliced n we
could, considering our oft-rceuted ten
deiicle to stop and search In probuble
and Improbublo nooks for the lost. I
saw Cupt. McKay pulling out the draw
er In the bumboo whatnot, large enough
to hold a writing pud with a few pen
cils; while I flew with a b"ot bulf-pulled
ou to search tbo top shelf In the closet.
"I have looked there six times!" the
Cuptuln culled out. "I sbull be forever
disgraced," be added with a groan.
"And our brave boys, wbnt will they
do for their pny!" I suld fee b!y-my Im
becility showing Itself In my alluding
to such a painful view of the subject
when the Cuptuln was so overcome.
"Do you think I shall allow them to
lose a cent?" be asked, almost fiercely.
"No, sir! I have $1,000 In the bank aud
I'll use every bit of uiy pny aud forfeit
uiy jieuslon to"
Knp-a-tup tup, came a summons to
omii tbe door, boforj which the heavy
miihoguny bed stood ns an Impenetra
ble fortification. I, with boot numlier
one on ami number two half on, nud the
Cuptuln, with one arm In bis vest, has
tened to remove the obstruction with
as llttlo noise as kbsI11o, feeling we
would rather not have it known how
much we had barricaded. Several more
raps came before we were ready, but
nt length we opened the door and In the
dimness of a dark morning we saw a
bull boy with a Jug of water In one
I took the water, while the Captain
said lu au excited tone: "Boy, run
dowu quickly and tell tho hotel clerk
to come up here! Why dou't you start?"
be nsked. Impatiently.
"Yes, I'm going, mister, but fust let
me ax ye If this here Is yournT" At
that be held up his other hnnd and
there we beheld the old, shabby, but In
estimably precious bng!
The Captain nearly swooned with
Joy, while I hud presence of mind to
tell the boy uot to send up tho clerk
nnd to give him a sum of money that
made him whistle all the way down the
hull. Tbe boy explained thut he picked
up the bug Just outside our door. Then
we remembered when the lock of tho
door hud proved refractory, the Cup
tuln had set It there, but neither of us
bud noticed thut it was not picked up
agnln. Blessed be shubhlncss! we
agreed. If It could accomplish the re
markable feat of preserving the sum
of JUHMXX) In the bullwuy of a hotel so
When the Cnptnln nnd I had suffi
ciently recovered from falling on each
other's necks nnd weeping tears of Joy
over tho recovery of our treasure, the
Cnptnln suld: "I can trust you not to
tell this, I am sure, Tor If you do, nnd It
should reach the (ieneral's earn, It
would mean the loss of my commis
sion." That Is the reason I have waited until
this time liefore giving the public this
cpisodo of tho war Orange Judd
Oil to Lav Dust.
The Pennsylvania Railroad Company,
It Is stilted, Is ubont to make tho ex
periment, of sprinkling n specially pre
pared oil ou Its line between Lnuluuus
and Dcnncwood, on the Baltimore nud
Potomac Division, near Washington, as
a menus of reducing the dust nuisance.
The oil is distributed along the roadbed
by means of a specially constructed
car. The ."spreader" Is a comparatively
simple contrivance, nud, with gum hose
and pipes, Is connected to nn ordinary
oil tank cur tilled with the oil. The
spreading of the oil over the roadbed Is
accomplished at the rate of about four
miles an hour. The spreader Is so con
structed thut not a particle of the oil
falls on the rails. This, of course, Is a
necessary precaution, since It would be
Impossible for a locomotive to haul Its
train were the rails covered with oil.
Between 4,000 and B.000 gallons of oil
are required for each mile of double
track, nnd It Is snld that one applica
tion will allay the dust nnd dirt for a
year. Should the experiment prove sat
isfactory, It Is probable the entire line
between Washington and New York
will be sprinkled.
Animals caught in traps have some
times managed to escape with trap and
all, but In most cose the trap has In
the long run been the death of them.,
This was the fute of an eagle that had
flown away with a trap dangllug from
one of Its legs. For several weeks
neither bird nor trap was seen, till one
day, a gentleman noticed a curious ob
ject hanging, from a tree-branch.
Cllmblug up to find out what It was, he
discovered that It was the eagle, quite
dead. The peg and chains by which
the trap had been fastened In tbe
ground had become entangled among
the boughs and the poor eagle had been
slowly starved to death.
Young Indians as Farmers.
Out of 570 Indlun boys and girls late
ly at tbe Indian luJustrlul School at
Carlisle only 104 are there now. The
other 400 are out among the farmers of
the State helping to harvest tbe crops.
There Is one thing that gets a man
Into more trouble tbnn lore; carrying
a pistol nd le'-'- for a fUrht
tfew Enterprising Ml Hall Ha
Ellzabotb Hall, th
plucky Denver girl who ba. been con-
' ' . .. ... . i.i...lr nr Patau-
duct ng a lauie ow.--.-, -
llshment to earn money for a coll ge
education, bas left the Western el 5
for Pougllkoepsie, avueiv
matriculate at Vassar for a four yeur
Miss Hall has been extreme., -cessful
lu ber undertaking; In fart, o
iu.tl.bicklnir during the
I v Y l II urn v -
summer of 1K17 were sufficient to guar-
antee her nt leasi a
will not close her establishment, which
. m 1.. l.ntHf nf Mil
Is situate! rtgni iu m
shopping district of Denver, but will
contluuo to run It throughout the four
Tbe business Is no longer nn expen-
1. 1 i ..nn un tiwtrfiiii-hlv ndver-
meui; u unn wv ...
tlsed thut hundred of Indies from ev
ery section of the city are now regular
- ,,..11 I,. ..tiulllllIT
pUtrotlS. WU1I0 ansa unu i jmm"
ber studies lu the ICust a young woman
who has acted as cashier will look after
the business, and a hnlf-doxen uniform
ed attendunts will do the "shining."
Tho girl's parent did not have tho
means to nsslst her In a college educa
tion, nnd as ordinary work at a sulury
i. n..,.i.tu Ii., in trot fnirethcr
IYUUHI Hl rill"" " ft v - r.
the neeessnry funds, she sought some
... .1... .1lltl...,1lM XfltlM
otner wny oui oi me unm-uv
Hall, with commendable foresight, de
cided ujion the bootblncklng Idea ns the
SOUNDING WITH THE
one most practicable. She accordingly
rented space In the renr of a confection
ary store In the downtown district, and
bung out ber sign. Ono colored man
was employed, nnd he wus busy u very
small part of the time for the first week
or so. When the object of Miss Hull's
venture became noised nbout the busi
ness showed signs of Improvement. The
rush did not commence, however, say
the New York Journal, uutll the news
papers told In detail all about the en
terprise and the young woman back of
In three weeks Miss Hall Increased
her force to three men and enlnrged her
parlors to keep pace with her rapidly
growing trade. Later on IT got to be
a "fad" to patronize Miss Hall, and
within a remarkably brief period she
and her admirers were rejoicing over
the fact thnt the success of the thing
exceeded their most suugulne expecta
tions. By the 1st of August the force
uumliered seven people, a cashier and
six "shiners," kept busy almost contin
uously ever since.
Mlsg Hall, who Is very modest, was
delighted over the success of her ven
ture, but was much grieved because
the public had seen fit to regard her as
something of a curiosity. She Is of the
brunette type, with a wealth of dnrk
brown hnlr and large expressive black
IN THE BOOTBLACKING
eyes, which some one bus declared to
be heavenly. She has fine festurM
aud her figure Is well rounded and
graceful. The receipt from her boot
blacking parlors during the month of
August aggregated nearly $1,000. Some
Idea of the fame that Miss Hall has so
strangely acquired can be gained from
tne ract tnnt ror six weeks ber mall
reached several hundred letters week
ly. These letters came from kvptv
State In the Union. Some of the writers
congratulated her for her pluck, other
contained offers of financial aid and
free schooling, while not a few were
proiioenls of marriage.
FOR DEEP SEA SOUNDING.
Ipparatua Expected to Supersede the
Lead and Line.
John P. Buckley, of New York City,
after twelve years' experimenting, bus
perfected an apparatus known as an
electric sounder. The Invention will be
tuvaluable to navigators, as by Its use
captains may be able to ascertain the
depth of water for 2,000 feet ahead of
their vessels. The Inventor expects
thnt It will supersede the lead and line.
Mr. Buckley Is confident that his ajh
parotus will do away with the present
tedious manner of making soundings,
and that vessels will no longer have to
feel their way Into port when the air
Is foggy. With his Invention the sound
ing Is done by means of a bell circuit,
which passes through a carrier, and
thenct to a nonconducting cylinder
filled with quicksilver. When the cyl
inder strikes bottom a circuit Is com
pleted, which ring a bell on board the
vtosel and give warning that U ve-
el I In dnngerou!? ahnllow water,
fi.. .nnnratui. to iDeak more In do-
tall, consist of n air gnn, about 2,000
feet of wire, or, rather, of two wire
bound around each other, a hollow
hell, which will float a cyllnde of
quicksilver, and au electric battery.
The air I forced Into the chamber of
the nlr gun by turning a wheel. The
cylinder with the wire attached I load
ed Into the gun. Tbe wire I plnced
upon a reel, and a much Is wouud off
ns the force of the projectile will tuke
with It. The cylinder I hurled through
the air for anywhere from five to 2,000
feet. The distance depends upon the
uuinber of turns tbe operator hn giv
en tho wheel by which the air gun 1
The cylinder strike the water and
sinks. The length of wire which Inter
venes between the cylinder . and the
hollow flouting shell, or carrier, repre
sents the depth of water In which It
would be safe for the vessel to veuturo.
Most large oceun steamer draw thirty
feet. When the wire enter the cylin
der they are separated. They run Into
the cylinder separately and terminate
within only a short distance of the sur
face of tho quicksilver.
If the water Is deep enough the cylin
der will simply hang to the end of the
Hue. If the water I too shallow, how
ever, the cylinder will tumble over on
the liottom, for tho eud of It I round
ed. Tho mercury, which tho cylinder
contain, will then rush alwut the ends
of tho wires, complete a metallic cur-
NEW ELECTRIC SYSTEM.
rent and cause the ringing of a bell on
board ship, with which tbe wires are
A soon as tbe cylinder sinks tho
man In charge of the apparatus pro
ceed to draw In the Hue. If he hear
no warulng bell he may be sure that
the course 1 entirely clenr. The ves
sel may then proceed for the distance
to which the Hue bus been cast. If
2,000 feet have been sent out the mnrl-)
ner tuny know that bis course Is clenr
for thnt distance. He may then pro-'
ceed. When the vessel has gone half,
the course he may discharge another
cylinder. When be hns reached the
eud of the course which the Drat cylin
der ha told hlin was safe he will have
determined the nature of the channel
for the next 2,000 feet.
Renewed Hope for the Blind.
A very Important discovery made by
Dr. R. Deutscbmnnn of Hamburg Is
Just now much spoken of by physi
cians, especially by specialists on tbe
eye. It deals with the successful cure
of a disease of the eye which but a
short time ago was considered abso
lutely Incurable, the so-called detach
ing or peeling of the retina, which
sometime follows a case of retinitis.
This disease consists In the shrluknge
of the aqueous humor, a watery, slight
ly salty fluid which lies between the
cornea and the crystalline lens, with
the greater part of It substance In
front of the Iris. If tbe quantity of this
fluid Is lessened to a certain extent the
eyesight I absolutely destroyed and
the physician can do nothing but pro
nounce the disease Incurable. Now
Professor Deutschmnnn has succeeded
In Introducing Into tbe diseased eye n
sulflclent amount of the aqueous hu
mor taken from a live rabbit's eye to
restore the lost sight. Several cases
where this most delicate operation wn
successfully performed are ou record,
the one of a purser on one of the
steamers of the Hamburg-Amerlcnn
line being most Interesting. This man,
totally blind three year ago, was able
PARLORS OF MISS HALL.
to resume hi former occupation after
undergoing the operation Just describ
ed, and his sight Is now a good as It
wa at any time In bla life. Philadel
EIGHTEEN YEARS A SENATOR.
John R. McPheraon, Once the Demo
cratic Leader in New Jeraey.
A once dominant figure in New Jer
sey politic and a man of affair at
Washington for eighteen year passed
away In the person
of ex-Senator John
R. McPheraon. Mr.
Mcrherson was a
type of the sue-
i(XL- .T&. cessrut politician.
UrJm Born " Livingston
County, New York.
CA In 1833. he removed
to Jersey Cltv at
m'fukhson. the age of 25 and
became a dealer In live stock. Almost
Immediately be commenced taking a
part in politics and six veara after tnk-
Ing up bis residence In Jersey City be
was chosen alderman. From 1804 to
1870 be sat In the Common Council and
meanwhile made money In various
corporations. In 1871 he wn elected
to the New Jersey Senate and served
three years. When Frederick T. Frey
llnghuy8en' term in the Federal Sen
ate expired McPheraon had become
enough of a power In Democratic poll
tic to have himself elected to succeed
him. This was In 187a Twice be was
ro-elected, his service at Washington
running from 1877 to 1803. In these
eighteen year he was a prominent
member of the upper house and very
Influential on the Democratic sWe.
Sarah Grand hasTauL k
coming novel "The Beth T
Ing through Messrs. Cmm W
ume which convey, ,, , " UllU l .
"Cameo, from 3$,
In roiTfiril t, . .
" luncKcrny't v. , v
wus really worth fl'j.oi "
ineuermnn edition of Ed.,
Inmy' "EoiimIii..'. i. .
shortly by an Italian edition t"
the book was i.ulilii.1.
It Is now appearing lu twiO?'
nnd three languages.
The Loudon Literary Worl, .
the spelling "SnuuJJ '
Naulahka." a It .... " 'T
ly means 'of the value of BiTi.T1
and wna am,ll...i ... . . "M
figure In the siorv ,,. ... .n
The nlnety-thousand pounder "
Sir. John L. Stoddard, tu t.
lecturer on foreign hind, foZ
me uiiiiiunn on anv.... .
health. All of tin. t. . 1
Uvered. together iii. '
. : . ... . -""-'"WWIaJ
win uo puiillslieil In a m 1
volumes, containing 3.4D0 UliutntJ
The first volume Utoappeirajfl
it I a
Rlchnrd Hnrdlng Davit IUIIm,
Fortune" hns gone into n itiu.,
sand; so bus James Lin n,.-...
Invlslble"-two stories whkb have J
most nothing In common .... ,k. .
that they are the work of tomJuJ
iibu writers, am. Havls u -glnnd
when bl book
success there and here, v, m
... tUKU I
bdoui io go aiiroad f he h.. -.,1
ready started), and will tai i tvU
welcome awaiting him; for tbe Entf,;
press has lauded his work u bigbb;
the papers In this country.
Dr. Weir Mitchell, who,,
"Hugh Wynne" proved totem,
the most successful serials tbe Ceatr
has printed, hns written inottxrM
that will appear In this msulr)
Ing the coming year. It Is clW TV
Adventures of Francois: Fonafc,
Adventurer, Juggler, Fendnj kuwl
and Servant During the Frvncl lm
lutlon." The scene of the itorj nifa
from Paris to the provinces ud Wt
again, following the wnnderlnnrfti.
eccentric hero, who particluatet li
ninny of the thrilling trrnn f u
revolution. - Andre Castalgue wlUIi,
trnto tho novel.
SOME RECENT INVENTIONS.
fin. tins llnna mn .liA Hi-htAnjJ V
U1VIIUB U ill .in " m ibwiw ra
at one eud with a hook set la the
..nn.. n ll fll II, u-l.l, a Mlnha. rkJ
porting ouse io doiu me arum mrr ir
ropo I drawn tight by mnot of i
T m ham. ninn.A .Mr, m.t.l hilt
form supjiorts a wire bait-holder. tb
platform and wire bclugatUcMtou
eiectric-ligni circuu iu nu v
a soon ns he completes the drwlt kj
eating the bait.
Door-knobs are being made tin
hollow sections with a bell meclm
Inside to opernte a striking bis
.t.i-l. 1.14. l.n int,ir nr Iwll UTtlol 4
W I1ICH ill.B .-
the knob when n button In tlieonuii
knob Is pressed.
vt i... A,,i.,Mv mnrla frnmlirv
ion ruu i- i"" "'J
preparation which conies In mu!I1
. . , i .uh -Inanr 111
mm can oe mixeu "
in, i.uitoriiil to nroduce
vescent action nnd liquid Ink wlentn
...... i nnmi ran m easily op
H union b "
ed by a new attachment comWM
n cylinder In tne car
dow, with a rod running up to it
.. ii, n-tmlnn' fraiM- 1
oer hub ui - ..i,-
openlng a valve In the
Is allowed to flow Into t he t,-w
force tho rod up and Psu
. JO iiumviiv i ,
where there Is no h"'1'
device hn two light c"';ln."
attached nt one end to tta J
..! mill bt' M f
wheels, tne opik..- -
toned to the Hues, so that
horses start the wheel. , will
chnlns down nnd draw the rein.
An Englishman has patented '
which treadles nre used to pwiw
power, two rods be ng
fork crown, in l,u"1'. ' ch,n,it
buck to bold the pedal
....i..,i on spring n
of tbo pedal rods, to
propel the wheel when the tM
A ready means of dl.UMJ,.
tween fresh meat and that
been frozen, a writer poin-
nlshedby U.e m crosc' ,
Quantity of tne uiou
examined, and If this is n. ,
numerous red conw' '"
or and floating In cle . '
while in the case of Mood i
that bas been prewrveu ,
corpuscles have dissolved l
and not a single norum red w .
can be seen, me
amlned before there n-
An Enalisn u-- dn,
An English judge. J In
. rirnetrated a u""'
1)1 IBUUVi, r -I - ...taf
New York Tribune quote.
, you aware, t
for these r,
w it Is in my IrevVudeW
. .-.,. nf ncnal Rcrvn"
reeding your natural II e' j,
, more. I feel very
SueIt 1. tonrte
were married. 0J ?
In you. you don t It w 49
yoS not Ilk. what o g
.mi inn. not Willi.
io be.-Texns Tln.es. .
bocni.se they fnt affor