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About The Eugene City guard. (Eugene City, Or.) 1870-1899 | View Entire Issue (Feb. 20, 1892)
EUGENE CITY GUARD.
L L. VABFBELU rrprletr.
EUGENE CITY. OREGON.
A Celebrated I'liyslolao.
John Arbuthnot, tli win of a Scotch
elergynian, wan born near Montrose in
1007. Ha 'a educated at Alierdoen,
where he took his Jx'tr'stjt'Krec. Going
to London to push hi fortune, he soon
established a reputation o wan of
science, and before he wait 30 a happy ac
cident led to liix fortune.. Prince (Jcorge
of Denmark, the consort of yucen Amu',
iu taken suddenly ill at F.moui, and
Arbuthnot, who chanced to be there, was
summoned to attend hiiri. Th prima
was cured, anil the doctor was apfsiintfd
one of the court physicians. Hwiftaayi
that he wim the queen's favorite phy
ticiun, and apartments were given hint
in 8U Jamea' palace. TIiun distinguished
by the marki of royul fuvor, Arbuthnot
acquired the friendship, not only of the
leading men of hi puny, an Hurley and
Boliiighroke, but that of ull the wiu ami
scholar of the time, lie wan their
trusted friendnud adviser. He attended
Queen Anno in her last illness, and al
though he did, not eonlii.ue to hold hit
oflicial position In tlie court of George 1
he and his frieud were Tories he
Oiuintuineil a great practice among the
nobility. He utlemled (lay and Con
greve and lw ami 8w ift, and in the
vernei addressed by Gay to l'opu Arbuth
' note company is said to drive tor row
from the heart, "an all disease his medi
cines dissipate." Po constantly ex
pressed hi gratitude U liini, and paid
iiiin ioiiih of bin finest piN-ticul cotnpli
menu. The prologue to "The Satires,"
I'ow' most Mrfect pieco, In addressed
to Arbuthnot. Chicago Herald.
III. Klr.l l.tlrr.
A writer in The ChriHtiau Union given
an amusing a:couiit of the first letter
ever written to bin wife by a certain old
gentleman. The couple had never beer,
separated In ull the yearn of their life
until "Pa," at the ago of 70, concluded
to visit soino relative In Boston.
When be wa preparing to start on bin
luemorablu trip bin wife, who wan to re
main at home, said:
"l'a, you never writ me a letter in
your life, an' 1 do Iiokj when you git
safely there you'll write me a line and
let me know bow you Ixiru the journey.
Ill buy a nlei't of paer a ml put In a
wafer, so you won't have no trouble
l'a wan abneut a week, ami, faithful to
his promise, bu sent a letter. It read
"ItKHi'KCTLD Lady: I got here wife,
and 1 uiii very well, and 1 hope you are
the name. 1 "hall lm glad to git home,
for tho pride of the airth that I mm here
Is enough to ruin the nation, (iad! the
women folks are too lazy to set up in
their carriage. They loll back ami look
as if they wan goiu' to sleep, ami I don't
'pose one of 'em could milk u cow or
food a pig.
"Nephew Abijah liana proper diary of
horses, an' 1 have rid ull over llimton,
There wan t no need o' puttin' them
boitghtcli buttons on my coat, for noliody
noticed 'em. I urn
"Yoiit Kk.hit.ti:i Hi'shand."
An IiiiIIhii DuIiU wllh a Una.
One day an Indian made an excursion
to a iiiountaiu near 'hcv.iiil.icuini, statu
of Michoacan, in Mexico, in .nk after
toinu fuel for bin but. While colling up
a dry oak be suddenly fell a bile, on the
oalf of bis leg, given iu the fraction of a
second. A moment later he felt coiling
around his body thu terrible fold of u Ism
constrictor, Instinctively he leaned bis
hi bead over toward the wounded I
and wus almost fascinated by the glare
of two bright luii!ik eyes, that gleamed
like liery coals iu the bead of the serpent.
Quicker than a tlanli (he Indian ducked
his head and caught the tn-ck of the rep
tile between bis jaws, sinking bis teeth
in the quivering llenh and clinging to it
with tho desperation of the (lying. The
huge serH-ut lushed his tail ami tried to
twist its head iu order to bury Its fungn
in the Indian, but the latter clung on
and begun to chew away at the neck of
tho boa, which is the thinnest and limit
delicate part of thu snake's nnatomv
After rheuing for a long lime, llm In
dian succeeded in U'lieudiug his antag
onist, tho folds dropHd from around his
body, and the Indian was free. New
Ilus Out of Wink.
Boy I have littlu chance to learn any
business by which they can earn their
daily bread. One trouble Is that thu
girls, who ought to be at homo doing
housework, have taken the places of the
boys. I might mention dozens of Hades
where uo great muscular elfort is requir
ed that are taken up by girls and which
huuld le hebl by men uloiie. How can
the UysH'urtiippiciiticcnliipnwhcn the
places are already tilled by giilnf While
the girls are at work the Isiys are idle for
want of it; some of them sit around the
house, while others are lulling, stealing
rules on Hums or ilc voting themselves to
other forms of mischief. A friend of
mine bus no work, but bin two sclera are
down town in a More. I know of a hus
band that is idle, while his daughter and
sisicr-iii-luw aro t.tnjilavi J. Cor. Detroit
KsrllMl rural of Ijwllr. IWa.t.lrsM.
The earliest form of ladies' headdress
Is said to have Ui-u theoverchief or head
handkerchief. Then came the hood, mil
versally worn dining the Fourteenth
oeutury, a revlvul of the Anglo-Saxon
head covering. The close lilting cap Is
said to have originated iu dn kr the
comers of the hood for the sake m com
fort and convenience, Chamber ols
serves that "the era of caps and bats is
referred to the year HID, the liist teen
ill these parts of the wurld Is-mg at the
ntry of Charles II in Rouen; from
that time they beg m bv little au l little
to take the place of hoods or chupciiiuiis
that had been ueU till then, New Vwk
ht4 Nu fcmg.uih
A Thorn a.t on wood chopier ho, when
h cut a torrible gash in bis leg the other
day, got a needlu and thread and delib
erately sat do u and sewed the wound
up himself, had good grit, whatever his
accomplishments aa a surguun. Leaia
The Bntte City Workinirmrn'i Union
and the contractors of the Montana Cen
tral railroad are in conflict, oaing to the
wages paid. Two hatchet each of '.MO
men to work for the contractors have
been taken charge of by the nnlnn, and
a boycott It being instituted against the
ireat Northern road by the anion of
WARflANTlNG f IP.EARM3.
Aa lularralliif Null ftliunliii Ilia IUea
ibllli nt a Waaler l i:iH.
A sK)rtsiiiaii has nvoM.- .J t'l.OOo
damages from u lit m in loinlon for breach
of warranty us to a rille purchu-'-d by
the plahitih. The ru us Milled in
Court, after the plaintiff case had been
opened and a certain umoiintof evidence
called, by thu defendants submitting lou
verdict of i'l. 000 and co- Is. The P-sult
of (his compromise u that certain in
teresting insues and legal (mint in the
cane were not ihr.nhi d out. What llume
xilntn Mere will U- w-eii from a sketch of
the cailne of union.
Theplaintiirin Xlr. I". II illowelll 'arew,
a genlieiiiaii on tiie sunny side of thirty,
and K.ncHM'il of coimi'ieralilu private
liieann. He has gone in freely for sport
since ultaiiiiiig liii majority; ho lias II.'
ured in the pig-kiii Is t ween the Hags,
and in he U-tliought bimni.'lf of that
reputed HMirtniiian's Eden, Soiitheant
Africa, and its resource of big game.
The ilefeiidaiiln urn Itowland Wurd &
Co., the iialuiuli-t" and taxiderminls of
l'ici.'iidilly. Mr. (.'arew, prior to starting
on his African trip, vinitcd Memrs.
Ward's establishment and bsik some les
sons in skinning animals.
In the course of conversation with Mr.
Ward he mentioned that bu contemplat
ed obtaining bis rilln from Holland's,
the well know n giiiimakern, and one of
thu Ward linn lhereiiK,n volunteered to
him that they could supply him w ith thu
weaHinn w hich he would need, of equal
quality to thoxj w hich ho could obtain
nt Holland's, but ut half the price. Mr.
Curew accordingly consented to deal
with them, end ordered from them the
rifles w hich they suggested for his ow n
Use, together with the live-iinil twenty
Knideis for the Use of bin African native
stall; he also bought his uuiinunition
from the defendants.
Thu rilles were delivered to him, the
invoice Ix'ing made out in the name of
thu defendants. He then took the rilles
down to Nonhead to test tlieiu as to
sighting, and on that "cca-lon, and not
previously, according lo bine Hence, tho
name of some lliird party an the manu
facturer of them was mentioned to Iiiin
by some one shaking on In-half of ile
femlantH. The trial with the nth- satis
fied him; be lircd from the oun which
wus (bu cause of nciion ulioiit ten trial
shots. He did not icrwiiiallv inform
himself lis to the charge w hich he lined
in thu trials; but it seems that be used
ammunition supplied by the defeudantn,
and similar to thai w liich bu wan taking
from (hem for his use in Africa.
In duo time Mr. (,'aicw sailed for .an
tibar, and started up couiilrv, M'iiiliiig
almiit i' 1. 000 on bin trip, Ilcforu long
one of these rillen burnt in bin bauds,
causing him most serious injury, maim
ing hi in mid disligiiring him inure or
lens for life. His left hand in perma
nently crippled; powder has burned into
thu skin of his face, and bin hearing ban
U'en impaired by the evplnsion. I lis
trip was, of cotiiw, hniileil by the catan-tropin-,
and the outlay uhiii it was
wusted. It appears that he had fired
thu rifle which had burst mine doen
times alter be reached Africa. On the
occasion of (he aeeiileni it was loaded
w ith a cartridge supplied by ilefeiiilaiits.
An expert examination ,,f the burst
rille disclosed the cause of m w eakness.
The hole for the extractor pin had been
in (he lirnt Instance bon d into thu wall
of the barrel.
Tin) workman ha I then plugged the
hole with steel w ire ami had relmred the
hole. Tlie etfect of thin during had Ih cii
to make the IiiiitcI lefeclie iu slivir.lh,
leaving only one sixty-fourth of an inch
oi lin iai w m re mere hIioiiIiI have Ih'cii
one-eighth. The explosion wan due to
thin defective workmanship, accoidin;
to the expert evident f Mr. S. II. All
port, the celebrated giiumaker, who in
also chairman of the lliriiiiiigham proof
Isiard. I,oiiiloii l n-M
Tin 1Vliiliiini. In ('i-iiiiui.
The telephone service in inimitable, un
is teslilieil by the public appreciation,
thero being over I il. Hod iiistruiiienls in
Use In llei lin. Tin re are no private tele
phonu companion iu (ieiinany, the tele
phone, like the telegraph, In-ing a brunch
of the sisl.il service. The price for tele
phone scrvi"u in low, thu annual char
lor un instrument is ing l .'il marks, or
something less than 10. The long din
tance service Istween the principal cities
of the empire in being rapidly introduced.
A telegram leceived for a pel sou w ho ban
a telephone in at once delivered orally
from (lie central olllee, and the written
message t lien lorn aided by the lmai post,
Likewisu a telegram in Ir.uismiiicd by
the sender to the telegraph oliice by tele
phone. The telephones in use are mami
factored by .Siemens & ll.ilske, the great
electricians, ami are said to Is- a great tin
provemeiit i j h .ti tlie Hell patent, iihii
which ihev ate based, Cor. Mexican
A rmsrr.Nlva Young Man.
An amusing incident hapHued In one
of tlie local churches on Sunday morn
ing. A young married man and his
riuher limited family went to divine
services, sud when seated they did not
till tho pew- into which they had been
ushered. I'lescinlv another family came,
and were ushered into the same ev, the
young married' man stepping into ths
aisle to let them iu. The new coiners
filled the kv, and they. in. in. took the
seat ahead, lie hud hardly become set
tied than he again found it necessary to
get up while another family tiled into
tlie s'v, occupying all of it. Once more
did the y. m. in. go forward.
A hymn was sung, a prayer offered,
and the Scripture rending had com
menced when still another family came
up the aisle; and the . in. in. once more
stepped into til.' aisle only to see that
pew, too, completely tilled up. Again
he went forward, but by this time the
ervicea were well under way and no
more people came. To this latter fact
aloue does (he y. m. in. attribute his
failure to resell the anxious scat at that
ervice. Buffalo Express.
Intatitliina ami t'srui Murhiurry.
Every trade, profession and employ
uientcan show- hundred of inventions
which have bionlit fovtuin-s (utile iu
ventorn. In a,;i culture the inventors
have made a complete revolution. Work
that was done by hand in a very la
borious way don-i.s of years s -o it now
done In one thud of the time by steam
Lv-o within tiie memory of hvinif
farmers there hue been such a trans
formation iu their work that their inetu-
Oils appear antiquated ami useless. H im
drvds of new Inventions in the same line
are annually being patented, and the
farming of the future will be reduced to
such a science that one 1 unable to pr-1
diet how our crops will be raised and j
harvested.- ' I
Mexico Will Soon Have
ANOTHER FEMALE EXPLORER
An Elevated Railroad to bu Built in
Rio Janeiro Atheism In
Money gm-t liegging in London with
few borrower! at any price.
The rrisnch clergy are wrought up
over the spread of atheism.
It is said that France Iir lost Itt tu
premacy as a fashion authority.
Negotiation) for the cession of Cux
haven to Prussia are nearly concluded
In Europe the grip it more prevalent
and deadly at the seaside resorts than
This evil winter of font, plague and
(amine bids fair to be lung remembered
The Japanese have returned to crema
tion alter trying for a time the European
custom of burial
A party of Instructors for the projected
new Mexican navy have le t Liverpool
for New lork en route for Mexico,
(ienernl liootli's visit to Calcutta I
said to have proved very successful, lie
will establish social brigades there.
It is promised to unite all of the icl
amis of Japan by a system of submarine
telegraph cablet at an estimated cost of
Eugene Kichter, the leader of the Lib
eral party of (leriuany, has the most re
markamu memory oi any member of tlie
The " imperial diamond," a hich was
recently purchased liy thu Nyzam of Hy
derabad from a 1iudon dealer, it valued
The London (iovernment Hoard bat
issued a memoraitduiu to the isnitary
authorities detailing precautions to be
taken agaliiHt Inlluenza.
A letter from Koine received at the
City of .Mexico says that the Archbishop
of Oaxaca will lai mado a Cardinal at
the next papal consistory.
In Ireland lcn than K00 tiersont own
one-half thu land; 4:J memlsrt of (he
House of Lords own 11,11.) 1,01'J acres,
which rentt for .r)7,Wil,tk'U.
The l iernuiiiH tirotione to send an ex
pedition of A.iHHI or 0,000 men from Zan
zibar to establish dia'kt and launch a
steamer on Luke Victoria Nyaiizn.
An eiiiestrinn statue of the Emperor
Frederick is to be erected on the hills in
Alsace on a spot overlooking the Held ol
Wierlh. Tlie diitiiH it to cost ifiiO.OllO.
.fel'oi ttiL'id is openly discussing the ne
cessity of selling some of her colonies.
The proKisitioti hat been mailt) ill the
Cortes, imd newspapers are approving it.
Thu llritihli government lias decided
to appoint, a commission to study the
subject of Inllueiizu and to determine
the U'st method of treatment of the
An elevated railroad is to Isy built In
Kio Janeiro soon. Tho oflicial permis
sion has U'en granted, and all preltml
italics for tlie construction have lieen
Although Russia (Missesses almost in
exhaustible mines of platinum, theie
are only two lalsiratories in the country
which prepare thu precious metal for
A steamer from Auckland recently
landed iu London a cargo of 40,000 sheep
and 2,000 cuttle, fro.en and dressed for
thu market and at prices lower than
charged for American meats.
A serious breach of treaty obligation
has been committed by the Chinese of
llcials at Canton. The property of a
I'.ritish merchant has Ihcii conlWiitcd
and his Christian servant arrested.
Accord ing to Huron llirsch tho scheme
fur Jewish colonization in Argentina has
not collapsed. On the contrary it it in
full vigor, an I the emigration of '.'.1,00.1
Jews tliiH year is Ix'ing arninncd for.
Herlin's Society for thu Homeless last
via provided shelter for loO.IHH) men
aim IS, 0, 0 women. In the eleven years
of its existence it has furnished lodgings,
fond and medical care for 2.Si)J,00J per
tout. The imperial Ktissian ukase prohibit
ing the exportation ol wlieat from Rus
sia, lias throw n :'.tkH men out of em
ployment in and near () lessa, and has
driven a large amount of shipping from
the lllack Sea.
Tho Spanish Minister of Public Works
In the l ories nt Madrid declared that,
while the government hud heretofore
been content with siniidy dispersing the
VtmrehiHts on May day, they had re
n dved to decimate them,
A London correspondent who writes
from HuehareHt, and who appear to lie
well informed, says that the project ol
marrying the Crown I'rince Ferdinand
of Hotimauia to a daughter of the I Hike
and Puchess of Edinburgh baa not been
The additions to the Hritisli navy last
year were greater than for a mimticr o:
previous years, The total vessels
munched iiumlsred nineteen, aggregat
ing 107, IK'S tons and representing an ex
penditure in their completed etste of
Keplying to uuestione in the Italian
Senul l.uzattt. Minister of the Tress
ury, siid the government foresaw dan
ner to the silk indu'try arising from tlie
bounties given by France to silk io-
dueors, hii.I therefore intended toslnilinh
export duties on silk.
The French government contradicts!
the stcrr that IV lltsrii. the famous
eipl.cer, who is now tar into the inte
rior of Alrtcaon un unknown mission,
has 2,000 armed men w ith him. and that
bis purpose is to reach Lake Tchad and
annex that region to French dominions.
The Franco-Spanish treatv of com
merce has expiied, and so far no ar
rangement ban U-eri concluded. The
whole population of the southern Span
ish provinces depends on the wine in-
duntrien, ami gicat exasperation will re
sult from a check to business intercourse
with trance by Spain.
Another woman has decided to risk
the hardship of a j mrnev in Africa.
On one of the hint vensels which arrived
at ZnniUmr a few week ago was llaron-
est Anna von Wtinghoit Sbeel, the
daughter of a well-known tierman n v
bleman. Ibeltsronest Intends to loin
an ex!Hdition to the interior of the
Furious storms, plaving havoc with i
hipping and shore property, are rsgirg 1
uw iiuc i lie oaimve lo prop
rrty it enormous, and much Ions of lite
is remrted. Restock and Swinemund
ar the worst sufferer among the port.
Score of vessels have U-en wrecked, gnj
others are adrift In the ios and likely to
i , . i . . i. ,i. .
froituc. rrult, r.r.
Wuiat Nominal. Valley, LM ALoX);
Walls Maba, fl.frn 1- per cental.
Ftora Standard, .'i.OO; Walla Walla,
M.-iO; (iraham, 4.00; bupertlne, 3.0
Oats New, 42l,al43l1,c per buthel.
Hay ll'ul3 pur Urn.
MiLurri'rra ilran, 10; eiiorta, l-'i j
ground barley, 22..V)'25; chop feeil,
liltt per ton; leed barley, 2U; mid
dliniit, 2H per ton; brewing barley,
11 IU(tf 1.16 fr cental.
UirraK Oregon fancy creamery, 37,W
rt4ncj fancy dairy, 32','(3.x!j lair to
good, Wwillc; couimon, 10(322lKCi
Eastern, 2.rj'it31,'c per pound.
Ciikksa Oregon, lhe Eaatern,
15(17c per pound.
Emit Oregon, 25c; Eastern, 25a per
l'oi'Lrav C'bickeiis. $4.fi0; tluckt, 17
9j geeiie, 11 per douu; turkeys, 12lij"i
He per pound.
VkOkTAiii-Ka Cabbage, nominal, $1.60
per cental ; caulillower, )l per dozen ;
Onions, 75c(fl per cental; potatoes,
355i)c per sack; sweet oiaUjes,
4o M)r pound ; carrots, 70c M-r tack ;
parsnips, fl.uu per sack; asparagus, 25c
per pound; pumpkin, 2c per pound;
greeu peas, lbc per pound.
Fhuith Sicily lemons, 10.50(37.00;
Calilornia, :i.0uw4.t0 per box j oranges,
1.75".4.0J; apples, 75cw.fl.25 per box;
banauat, f3.oOta4.UO a bunch; pine
apples, ftmo per dozen; cranberries,
fl0.50JI1.5iJ per barrel; Smyrna figs,
10c j citrons, 27c per pound.
Ni'Ts California walnuts, H.'tftlZ'aC;
hickory, berlOc; llrazils, 13(15.:;
almonds, lOiulHc; filberts, 10;; pine
nuts, 17l'lSc; jK-cans, 17cjl-'i cocoa
nuts, He; peanuts, 7."c per pound.
Honky 17ja(!?18c per pound.
Ha i.t -Li verpool , f 1 5.00 f 1 7.0U ; stock,
fllMlJ pur ton.
CoKKkK C'oeta Kica, 21c; Kio, 21c;
Salvador, 21c; Mocha, 30c; Java,
25c; Arlmckle's, 100-pound cases, 2UJ.,c
Kick Japan, to.00; Island, fo.SO'J
5.75 er cental.
BkANS Small white, Ilc; pink, 2,sc;
laiyos, 2'iic; butter, ac; liuiaa, 3'nC
BtoAii D, 4'Jc; (iolden C, 4'g'c;
extra C, 4 '...c; grunuluied, 6S4i:;
culsicrusbwl and Kwdered, 5 ec j con
fectioners' A.S'uc; uuiple sugar, 15aj
1 c er Kund.
Svki'I" Eastern, in barrels, 42;S4.ic;
hulf-barrels, 44iu47c; in cases. 35'uWc
per gallon ; f2.2j per keg. California, iu
barrels, 3iic per gallon; 1.7j per keg.
Huikd Fai irs Italian prunes, Hoch'c;
I'etite and (ierman, ti.(7c per pound;
raisins, fl.200il.IHI er box; apples,
I'luunner-drieil, H.0'llc; evaHo-ated
peaches, tw lie; Sinyrnu tigs, lidtixtc;
Calilornia tigs, 7c per iiound.
Ca.nnkd Uoonn Table fruits, fl.tiOol
1.H0, 2'utJ ix'tiches, fl.K0('(2.tK); Hart
lett iears, fl.H0nrl.lni; pltinit, f 1.37'jK,
1.50; straw Ix-rries, fJ.25; cherries, $2.2j
(t2.IO; bliu-k berries, f I.s5(a LIS); rasp-U-rrien,
f2.40; pineapples, f2.25nt2.H0;
apricots,fl. 00(i' 1.70. I'm fruit: Assorted,
fl.lllnil.2i); peaches, fl.1'5; plums, flue
1.10; bliicklH'rries, f 1.2'ira 1.40 per dozen.
Vegetables: Coin, fl.10iM.T5; omaloet,
5cMl.lHi; Btigar peas, V .c(i($l.ti0;
string Ikmiiis, IS"cdi ftl.iiu n-r dozen.
Fish: Sardines, 75c('f 1.115; lotdJiers, $2.30
(u.'!.5o. laiiulenwHl milk : Eiiirlu brand,
f8.ll); Crown, f7.0o; Highland, f(l.50;
I'lii.mpion, f.".2t); Muiiron, $0.75 per case.
Meats: t orneil luff, fl.lM; clnppe I Is'ef,
2.1U; lunch tongue, f :t 0 1 In, f55i2t;
leviled liatu, f I.r0ar2.0.i per 'I i'.-ii
Nails Ihien (niotations. Iron.
steel, f3.00; wire, $3.50 er keg
Iiio.n Par, ie er oniid.
Stkul Iti.'.c pur pound.
Tin 1. C. charcoal, 14x20, prime rjnal-
ity, fH.uuucs.hU per Ikix j lor crosses, f:
extra per tmx; roollng, 14x20, prime
ipinlity, fii.,d jer Isix ; I. C, coke plates,
I4xai, primo (imutty, 7.7.) per Imx.
J.kaii licper pouuil; bar, li'u.
Soi.dku UI'uMG'iC per Kiund,
coriling to grmle.
Shot f 1.8.5 per sack.
Naval Storks Oakum, $5 per hale;
rosin, f4 KiH.r.i.iH) per 2SD pounds; lar,
Stockholm, jr.'.oi); larolina, ,.Ud per
parrel; pitch, pi.tni per Parrel; turpen
tine, hoc per gallon in carload lots.
Hides, Wool anil I1i,i,
Hums Pry hides, selected prime, 7 'si
ium-; 'uc less for clillt; green, selected,
over 6o Kiun.l.n, 4e; under 65 iounils,3c;
sneep pelts, snort wool, ;i(itoOc; me
dium, litldtHOc ; long, VOciif f 1.25; thear
lings, 10((C2tK:; tallow, good to choice, 3
(ti.i V per pound.
WooiWiihunette Valley, 17iifll)i;
Enslern Oregon, 10cU7c (air pound,
according to condition and age.
Hoi's Noniiual ; lS..f2Jc ht pound.
Thu Moat Market.
1'kkp Live, ll.fli'.c; dresseil.tiiif 7c.
M i n on Live, sheared, 4 1 c j dressed,
Hons Live, 5'.,c; dressed, 8o.
YkAL 5(iHc per pound.
Smokkii .Mkats Eastern ham, Hal
12i ; other varieties, 12'uc; breakfast
bacon, llw(.rl2c; sides, O'aai'lOo
smoked bacon, ll'.Ciill'.c per iHiiind.
Lahii Compound, Oaf 10c; pure, lO'
yCllc; Oregon, lli's(;C12c per pound.
Itaics ami Itairirliiv.
Hurl.ps, S-ox., 40-inch, net cash, tie;
burlaps, lO-o., 40-inch, net cash, 7c;
burlaps, 12-ox., 45-inch, net cash, 7l4c;
bnrlsps, Iti-oz., 00-incb, lie; burlaps .20-
o., Ttenu li, !:!-. Wheat bags, Calcutta,
22x20, spot, tH" ; three-bushel oat bags,
He. Centals .second hand wheat
Catlrurula Fruit nu Sute.
If you uro not a politician and want to
feet a plum yo i haw to go to California
for it, vicariously, perhaps, but none the
less certainly i.t this season. So when
J on v a let of those bi; purple beauties
lying in little pests of white tissue paper,
listing as titouh they had jttst dropped
from the trct all ready to Ik- bitten,
don't be deceive!. They have all come
from California; t'ley have Un-n handled
In g.nul part by Chinese cheap lulair;
they have taken a long journey over
land, and have grown hiht on the way,
but (hey are tremendously go.nl all the
name. Just buy one and try it.
And tliin coin ribtttiou lo New York's
fomfort from California is a godsend.
For the fruit crops in thee vst here have
fallen off . ry considerably this year,
tome say an much n. Cti is'rcent.or
v, here there niv iiMiallr 2ti0,0iK.) p.ickage
frvmi New England. New York. New
Jersey, IVlaware and Maryland there
are now nveived, even on busy days.
barely 6.K and sometime only 1.000
packagi'n. Hut California, according to
!'"'' fruit inert hunts bei, h;is leaiieil into
the breach like a constitutional Curtius.
aud promis, t, send here this ve.ir 500
car load of fruit, each containing 20.000
pounds of tlie delicious products of rich
soil and plentiful, dew mellowing sun
light All of this fniit comes herein refriger
ating cars, and reaches tho market hers
in admirable it hi litum. all iwady to b
eaten. New York Uerald.
Diversified and Specialty
PROPER ROTATION OF CROPS.
Clover, Po'atoes and Wheat Will Sup
ply Land With All Needed
I do not approve of one-sided special
fanning except in rart instances, says
A. I!, barren in the Albany (N. i.;
Evening Juuninl, but ti sneer at any
thing w Inch has the suggestion of spe
cialty in farming is wrong. When this
term wus tirst used, farmers attached to
its meaning a very restricted idea. They
thought only of growing one thing iu
particular, and make a lite study ol that.
Everything else needed on the farm
must lie bought, for it was not specialty
in farming. The old diversified farming
was to have a few pigs f ir market eacti
year, the products of a email dairy, eggs,
chickens and a few ducks, and of course
corn, potutoes, a best and other grains.
The farmer's time was so taken up with
the various kinds of work that he had
no special time for any one. My own
experience has illustrated this forcibly
to me. Gradually, however, the dairy
wan allowed to go, and only one cow is
kept for supplying the house with milk
and butter, a lew chickens to keep us in
fresh eggs, and the fruit orchard limited
to such Iruit trees which will Dot de
mand too much labor and attention.
The chief crops which have been a spe
cialty are of clover, potatoes and whea.
These three are demanded for profit and
lor a proper rotation o( crops, lliey
keep the i hoi! in go al fertility, and pre
vent any deterioration in the land.
This is not exactly special fanning in
the old sense of that word, but it is one
phase ol the otiestion, which may act as
a com promise between the extremes on
either sale. It Is a paying kind ol spe
cialty. Science teaches us that with the
proper fertiliz-rg tNese three crops will
supply the land with all the ingredients
that they need. Utiu-ttiird ol tlie lar in
is kept iu clover, another third in pota
toes and the last third in wheat. The
separate thirds ate changed altout every
third year, givm the wtieat lands a
chance to impiove by growing clover.
I.esnles keeping the land in a highly
fertilized cmdition this system induces
intense farmers. More is grown to the
acre than by the old diversified system.
I he crops are studied carefully and ex
periments made with them each year.
The cow, the chickens, tlie one or two
pigs and fie small fruit orchards are all
adjuncts to the (arm, which are simply
to sutiulv tlie tanle w itli tood. e have
all the eggs, poultry, fruits, milk and
butter that we need, ami one Ury at
tends to it all. The vegetable garden is
planted bv a hired man ami hoed once
or twice through the summer. The boy
can then til tend to all the rest of the
wink i(') lired, while the lalsir of tho
farm is devoted to the crops of clover,
wheat and Hitntoes.
Silica ti- of I'oIhsIi.
The fact that all vegetables, especially
thu stalks of grains, contain more or
less sand is known to every farmer's
hoy. He finds that the scythe or cradle
dulls quickly in contact w ith the stalks
only, though, if there were no grit in
them, they should dull only Iroiu con
tact with stones or gravelly soil. If he
cuts straw with a knife having a tine
edge, it is soon dulled. There is consid
erable grit in p:icr, and this makes it
hard on uharp knives, It comes from
the wood, straw or other vegetable ma
terial from which the paper is made. Of
course the sand cannot go into the vege
table unless it is dissolved. The ureat
agent for this is potash. In union with
s in. I it makes a silicate of potash, which
is united with water in the soil and thus
enters the feeding roots. In tlie plant
the silicate separate, the potash going
to form the seed, while tlie sand is left
iu the stalk. Hence silicate of potash is
a good tertilt.er lor making the straw
bright and the giain plump. In most
soils, excepting nearly j. lire sand, silicate
of potaHh is abundant enough without
direct supply. In sand ol course it is
the potash that is deficient, snd itisthis
that makes a dressing of wood ashes
generally helpful to eaudy soil, rot ash
also is Is'iielicisl where an excess of ni
trogenous fertilizers lias been used.
l'erfumed oil sprinkled on library
shelves, such as od of cloves, will pre
vent mold on hook9.
Too acid, too sweet or too w atery fruits
are tho most indigestible, lierries, or
anges and grapes are tlie easiest of di
gestion. Glycerine and rose water, mixed in
the proKrtious of one-third glycerine
to two-thirds rose water, is very good lor
The essence of peppermint will cure
an inflamed eye. Tour live drops in hall
a wine glass of warm water, and then
drop into the eye.
A warm bread and milk poultice with
a heaping tablespoonlul of pulverized
charcoal will cure carbuncles. Apply
warm, and when cold apply another.
Frost injures butter. Butter that has
U'en frozen soon gets off flavor when ex
posed to a warmer temperature, llutter
kept but a short time iu cold storage
soon spoils alter exposing it in a warmer
temperature. Keep your milk, cream
and butter away (rotii severe cold and
(luce when breaking a heifer to milk.
says a writer, she troubled uievery muci:
by moving around. Whenever she at
tempted to move 1 seized her with one
hand around the ankle joint, and the
pail with the other hand. A lew three
legged races were sutlicient, and she
never "gave trouble altera ard.
In butter making it is quite s neces
sary to strain the water w ith which the
butter granu r are washed from the
sides of the churn as it is to strain the
water used in the churn; it is essential
to rememlvr that it is possible to over
wash, says the Xnrlhvttltrn Ajriculiitritt,
Every washing takes away the flavor of
Tlrrd tf th Injunetloa.
"Why ain't yer got yer uniform on, Jim
my have yr left?"
"Ye. I ain't uoia to work for no tele-
graft company where they tells yer to
hurry every time yer goes out to deliver a
Birds bd.I lb lilt Statu.
One morning, shortly after the statue of
Liberty was put up, nrrr a thousand birds
were picked up; but Utterly they seem to
be iwsr of Jht danger, aud not nearly so
mnj rSV..fd asiast this tall obtrno
tlou. Harper's Weekly.
Count P'Or.sy and the Taller.
It la recounted that oil" day, being
caught In hU private ifres-ing room by a
tailor who m-d, and said lie would not
hiive till he hail lieeu puid his bill, Count
D'Orsny lUt. ned thoughtfully for a time,
fixing his eye ujsm a package (hat tho
irate tailor had deHsiti-d upon a chuir.
Thia package wus enveloped iu a Course
sort of canvas.
"Have you much of that stufT in your
ihopf" said Count D'Orsay.
'Wluit kind-that uly canvas? If I
wanted it I could tn-inurrow huve enough
to wrap up ail tho mtrchuiidiao in the
Loudon ilisl i. "
Loudon disks!" said the count;
"don't talk noiisciiwt. Come to nie to
morrow at 4 o'clock imd take, my meas
ure for a jiuir of troiiM-ra cut from this
In vain the tailor cndi avored to dis
Buado tho count, stating that tho canvas
was not suitable f. r a g.tnucut, mid in a
short time Count l'(M -uy was supplied
with the caiivaa tro't-i is.
At 3 o'clock ono aticrnoon ho climbed
tho vast staircase of Cns'liford's, then
one of tiie fashioiiablo clulst of London,
and the first s-rsou whom lie nut was
"Upon my word," naid the noble lord,
"you have a singular garment there
something rure, without doubt. Always
the same original and charming
Tho count received tlie compliment
with some confusion.
"It is iierhaps not exactly elegant." ho
said, "but it is very handy imd fresh,
espociallyMiitoil to riding on horseback."
In a few moments a group of dandies
had surrounded the clever Frenchman.
Lord ClH-stt-rlicld in the main parlor wus
expatiating on tho originality of
D'Oisay's taste, nnd n few day s after
ward the tailor found himself overrun
with orders for the canvas trousers. Lord
Chesterfield himself ordered a dozen
pairs. Count D'Orsay had iiccomplished
his iiurisisc, nnd tho delighted tailor
aimo no more, w ith bis troublesome bili
Edward King in Cosmopolitan.
Wlten AtlaeKril Iir riii'iimnnla.
'riiat is the first symptom of pneu
monia?" was asked a Lrooklv ii physician
the other day.
'A severe chill," was the reply
'Wkat otiirlit a man to do who is
seized with such a chill?"
"lie should get into a bath tub con
tabling hot water so hot that it would
redden tlie skin and slay there as long
as he can.
"What is the philosophy of such treat
ment?" "xV severechill. which always precedes
pneumonia, indicates that the blood lias
gorged thu lungs, liver or kidneys. Now,
the tirst remedial step is to dissipate this
blood. The hot bath iloon this. It draws
the' blood to the surface, and dissipates it
over a greater urea. After having lain
iu the bath until relief is eerienced,
the patient should step out of it and wrap
himself in a woolen blanket. Don't btop
to dry voui-self w ith a towel, but wrap
the warm wool around von and tuiifble
into Ixi I.
"Tlie consensus of opinion among tho
leading physicians of the day is that
pneumonia is an infectious div. aso. That
is, the disease germ is iu the air, und
when the li-bt physical condition is pro
sented the disease lahcs root nnd fructi
fies. The jKipuhir idea that pneumonia
is confined to cold weather is an errone
ous one. There is no pneumonia in the
Arctic regions. Ii is mainly duo to the
sudden changes in our teniH'iatiife. ly
consulting the litnltli reports of New
York city it will l found that tho high
est death rato occurs in lHtvuilicr nnd
February, but that tliere area good many
cases in August. New York i-'un.
A l.osl 0i;itutiiiii(ya
111 tho memoirs of the Count do Fid-
loux. now Pllblishiii r in Lo L'orrcsnond.
cut, tho following pa sa,;c, referring to
tho coup d ctiit of .apolc.on III. occurs:
"Alnoilsf the pri-oners detained at Mont
Valcrien lVc. ', lSol, was ono Anthony
Chomet. lie gave, to n lady visitor a
number of letters to tal e to IVris, nnd
said: 'Tell my family I mil in no diiiiger,
but that I fu l inconsolable to have held
the destiny of France in my hand nnd to
have let it slip!1 NoUnly understood the
phrase, but the fact was this; In the
constituent assembly preceding tho elec
tion of Louis Napoleon to tho presidency,
Chomet had introduced nil amendment
excluding the inemliors (,f families that
htid reigned in France from the oliice of
president. Louis Napoleon ascended the
rostrum nnd spoke against the amend
ment so awkwardly, so incoherently, and
with an accent so foreign and strange
that ho was all the timo interrupted by
the noi.sy laughter nnd railleries, and
finally 4'ouiK-llcd to desi;4; igiiominiously.
Then Chomet arose and said: 'After the
assembly has heard that harangue, nnd
all Franco will have read it tomorrow,
there is no further need of my amend
ment. I withdraw it."' He that makes
himself ridiculous makes himself impos
sible, is tho Flench say ing, and Chomet
was guided by it. Hut Louis Napoleon
outlived the ridicule and lieeatno nnister
of France, which would not have been
possible if Chomet 's amendment had bo
come law. Faris letter.
Mnlra Himurfil by l:lrrtrtclty.
The fair sex owes slill another debt, rn
the scientist. A ladv who had a mole on
her shoulder nnd who, from this reason,
was Unable to display her otbi rwis.. f:ir
and attractive coiual isessions, has
Uail an electrical ou-ration performed
With IKTfoct h'lil'l SS. The inolu una
perforated with cUvtric needles in every
direction. After a week the mole, which
had lieon buriiod to a black mass fell i(T
and left theskin in good condition. Ths
new skin shows hardly a trace of dis
coloration, and she now weal's the most
fxshionable bull dresses with imnunitv
and success. New York Jlail and Ex
A 1 1 Hit In Mnokirv
It seems to me that ordinary polite
ness, the honest dictates of courtesy,
would suggest to smokers that public
conveyance, public audience i-noma.
public eating plans, public drinking
places, are tor the enjoyment of the
whole public and m t for a selfish ma
jority. Men frequently come ir.to my
ntl'uv will, li 'litisl ri .Ts.ii.o ,,,.,1 !.,.,,.'..
behind tin m trail's ol their offense, w hich
innoy me lor hours thereafter.
liy what right do they do sol-Jos
ward in New Yo'-I; l.r-.'phiir
-1 I p
Purifies Ike BLOOD, Cnrcs CONSTIPATION, IXPKiESTIOX,
filLIOl SXESS, LITER COMPLAINTS, M('K HEADACHE, COLDS,
PIIl'LES, all SkIN AFFECTIONS, tod DISEASES ABI6ING fron
The Gtnuine HAMBURG TEA m puivp in YELLOW WRAPPERS
rtf h FactimiU bignatMrt EMIL FRESE.
. REDINQTON Oa AecwT. 6am FrahosoOl
OLD BV ALL DBCGIHT AAD SiBWCERS.
A Sj.teiu Tlml Was lit Vugim lurur id,
tin I.I Ian ti-si;iml. by lit Ii l.
There was a system of teller.,.,,.
between the site of Chicago m,j tJ.
of tlie city of Mexico lieft.n; tli duv
of Morse; before Franklin's discovt..'v.
before the discovery of Aiin-rira (,,'
Columbus M-rliaps bcfu.T t.. davsof
Christ. Such ure the uss. itiuiis'of ,
L'hicugo Tribune corn-spi indent ttl10
nsks consideration of bis statement on
fie following busis;
Chicago aa certainly tlie northern
terminus of u telegraph liu() w,v,
other end was in M -xico, ut mi reinoto
k H'riod of tiie world's history 1 1 1 jit ilJe
Very inline of the race that biij)t, it
buried in oblivion. It was not dIL. .
1 1 in 1 1 . The unci stors of T'ectitiisoh Unj
lliawutlia lire moderns compared with
the earlier nice.
Tlie riot telcirrapliic system v,-a4
employed sonii) centuries ago by
that curious nice of people that
built tho huge inoiimh of enrtli timt
are met with evuywheie in the
Mississippi valley und down to the
Atlantic coast. U'ecalltho people (if
tliut uge simply Mound lhiilders f,,P
want of ii belter iianie. Tlie race is
dead. The last ln.iil of tiieiu had
passed to his eternal rest lung before
this land became the home, of tlie
modern rediiicn. L'.ut the mighty
works of those simple People live utter
tlieiu. We look upon their gii-ut earth
works, ami like Yolney among hi
ruins, can only feel that to tlieiu is
due our veneration. For tlieiu we
must entertain ut least a feeling of it
tpect, being, as they lire, the last re
maining vestiges of u race most re
liiarkuljle und most interesting of ,1
tho men on earth, springing mysteri
ously into existence, living for cen
turies und linally disappearing us com
pletely from the face of the cai'lli as
though they never linil been born.
Hcitig wlmlly unknown to other
H'oplesof their limes, wis have ho mil ,i
on which to base a reliable history of
this peculiar race of men. Oiiruiiit
qiianaiis tell ns that tlicy built sub
stantial cities;' tnat they were tillers
of the soil ; that they knew the princi
ples of aft ; tiiat they hud a written
language mi l a religion ; that they had
u commercial system, und that they
could send ;i nies-age acruxs the coun
try with tlie velocity of light.
A telegraph in pivliistoric times, as
we look back upon it, seems certainly
a myth, yet it is after all the hiinnlesi
thing imaginable. Tlie writer did not
claim for it tlie electric principle of
the Morse telegraph. The electricity
which Franklin found himself able to
control would have been totally un
available in the hands of primitive
Tlie Mott ml Fittililets' telegraphic sys
tem consisted ol :i chain of large
mounds, starting ut Chicago, hence
hearing uci'oss tlie country to Prairie
dti Cliicn. Wis., tlietice ilmvn tlie Mis
sissippi to Arkansas und onward iu a
inoro or le.-s straight lino to the ter
minus tit tlie City of Mexico, then the
capital of the Aztec empire. These
minimis were luiill iu the most suitable
locations, mi that u lire lighted ut ono
point could lie seen distinctly nt the
next, und thus a signal light could be
hastily transmitted from one station to
another over the thousands of miles
which separate the t.vo terminal points
of tlie line.
Tint signal stations arc located often
at a distance of many miles, perhaps a
half dozen spanning a hundred miles;
thus, as limy readily he seen, a danger
signal could be .setilacross a state with
tlie speed of light. Around these sig
nal mounds are usually' grouped thou
sands of a lesser size, and sometimes a
fortiiicatton or other earthwork, indi
cating that a cit y of n large size hud
originally existed on the spot.
Tims nt Toolcshnro, la., in addition
to one of the nu.sl leinurknMo iuelos
ure earthworks of the cutitiiieiit, there
are mounds of all shapes nnd siz -s. the
number running up into tlie thou
sands. No belter selection of a signal
station could have be; :i secured than
this. On tlif very brow of a great
blulf overlooking the Mississippi ure
located the eight huge conical mounds
of earth upon which the signal lircs
were lighted, away back iu another
ago of the world' history, telling a
tale of danger or festivity. A light at
this point would he instantly observed
at Muscatine, the next station, twenty
miles to tlie north, or Flint lldls, now
Burlington, away in the hazy distance,
thirty miles to the south, and thencu
could be transmitted from mound to
mound, from station to station, hun
dreds of iniles in cither direction.
This telegraphic tysl'vu employed by
tho Mound Builders is tiie gtvatcst
wonder of tlie western world. Nor is
it a myth, as so frequently originates
ill tlie fertile imagination of tin news
p;iH'r writer, but tho iiiiuiiuls and
eurtliworksare tliere to show for them
selves, und their purpose is self evident.
Now forests have grown up, so that
between many of tlie stations the line
of observation is cut oil'; hence tin
line is out of repair; but students of
archti'ology assert und believe that the
thousands of mounds in the long line
from Chicago to Mexico City were, be
yond a doubt, signal stations in tlie
first aud original telegraph system.
British enterprise having been de
lighted willi Egyptian cats, is now
turning its attention to the crocodile
pets at Muabeteh, where there is a rich
mine of nitrates of immense extent.
Tlie crocodiles are laid like sardines in
a box, with palm leaves lad ween them,
the interstices being tilled up with
myriads of eggs. The crocodiles are
done up in bundles covered with
cloth. It is believed that beyond tin su
are vaults containing mummied croco
diles, and in which vast treasures are
stored. Chicago Herald.
(liig Uiitiml tlie Karth.
The time required for a journey
around (he earth, by a man walking
day and night, without resting, wouid
be 428 days; an express tir.in, 4iday;
sound, nt a medium temperature, ii'.'i
hours; a cannon bull, 21 hours;
light, a little over one-tcutli of a sec
ond; and electricity, passing over a
copper wire, a littlo under one-lentil
-' ind. F.vchnnge.
S m i!lS'tSWTOWTTSHMfWiggial)W IH H9