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About The Eugene City guard. (Eugene City, Or.) 1870-1899 | View Entire Issue (Aug. 22, 1891)
EUGENE CITY GUARD.
EUGENE CITY. OREGON.
suiabllahw rrwelleabllltr of a !w Farm
ut Charitable Work.
The charity organization societies of
tome of our large cities are gmduiUly
extending their work union the poor
and pitting bcyoixl the linen of simple
benevolenoe. The Iiultiuiom society hi
eo-operutuig with the Industrial edilea
tion omociatiou and cooking schools in
effort to teach the practical principles
of social science mid to apply them to
ewry day life, and in Boston an excel
lent work haa been done by the estab
lishment of home libraric.
A gionoe at this plan will serve to
show at once It simplicity and the
amount of good which It can undoubt
edly aoooinpliith. A bookcase large
enough to hold fifteen book and live
bound periodicals Is fastened to the
wall in the living room of a poor fami
ly, boy or girl of the house, thirteen
or fourteen years old, being made li
brarian and held responsible for the
cure of the library.
A club Is formed of ten of the chil
dren of the neighborhood, who meet
together once a week at the house
where the library Is. At these weekly
meeting a visitor from the Children'
Aid society, which supplies the books,
is always present. The children then
return the books which were given out
at the hint meeting, und tako out others
to be rood at home. When this has
been done the visitor, who is generally
a woman, tries to draw out the chil
dren's opinions of the books and to
quicken their Interest in what lias been
Hhe also nlavs Karnes with them, and
sometimes teaches sewing to any who
tnv have a likiiiLf for it. The books
Include fairy Me, stories of travel ami
the lighter kind of history, and so
when the children reach the age at
which thev are permitted to use the
publlo library they have learned to
read a better class oi boons man uiey
would choose if they had not had the
training of the home library.
The cost of a library complete, with
forms for keeping the records, is only
U5. This plan i undoubtedly an ef
fective means of b lilting the poor.
At an age when their character is form
ing, when their ordinary pursuits and
amusements bring them into close con
tact with all that is worst in the byways
of a great city, they begin to rculize
that there is something better and
brighter beyond their own daily rou
tine, and are given an opportunity of
enjoying a legitimate und elevuting
The books which they tako home to
read are rend by their parents and by
tholr older brothers und sisters, and the
little librarian in whose house tho library
is placed awuken to a sense of responsi
bility and orderliness. Tho Improve
ment spread to the rest of the family,
and the home Imhuiiics brighter and
The tlrst of these libraries was started
in Huston four years ago and they now
niimlier forty six. The society which
hits charge of them says that "good
temper, good manner und cheerful
nesswhat we must look for in chil
drenfollow directly in tho train of
the work. Interest in reading tho best
books Is developed, the children's pride
Is stimulated by a sense of organization
and proprietorship, home umusemeut
and occupation become realities, the
family tie is strengthened and Indi
vidual character developed." Phila
Variation of a I'opulnr (lam.
There Is a favorite game called "Who
Wrote Itr in which the titles of books
are given or bit of verse are quoted,
and the company are cvpctod to give
the authors' names. Hut people have
played tills for some time and are be
ginning to lh id out who wrote them,
and so the giuuo hits lost a little of the
first test Why not make a change for
onee and take thoiiiunesof the author
of the operas? "They're too well
known." you say. Are they? Of
course you who say so know all of
those then. Who wrote Alumni, JSor
ma and Aidaf Who wrote Lucia. Tho
Crown Diamonds and The Mitgic Flute!
Who wrote The Queens Uice Hand
kerchief, Oberon, The Hurlier of Se
ville, FraDlavolo, Homeo and Juliet,
Hamlet, The Merry Wive of Windsor.
The Prophet, The Black Domino. Th
Siren, The Huguenots, The Queen of
Hhaba. Zaintta. Don Juitn. ttsclunv
tuonde, The King of V, Carmen, The
African. Othello. Truviatit. Iliiroletto,
The Daughter of the Hegimeiit, The
Bohemian Uirl, Fideliof ew tork
Power of Kiprtialnu.
Our language ho a wonderful liower
of expression. Ou one occasion, we are
told, a doctor of divinity rang the
changes on "lie that huth ear to hear,
let him hear." "lie that 1 aooewdble
to auricular vibration," said the doctor,
"let him not close the gates f his tym
pana," Then again we have that old
fashioned saying, "The more the mer
rier," delightfully translated iu thi
way: "Multitudinous awmblages are
the most provocative of cachiiuiatory
hilarity."-1 Aiudon Tit Hit.
A Kur Hlf.
Young Man Mr. TacliiH can you
put a uew right sleeve in this coat f This
one Is getting badly worn.
Tailor Certainly, Mr. Downey. Al
low me to congratulate you ou the en
la Fair Way to lo lb
Friend (sympathetically) It won't
be so very tied after all ; it will toou be
Criminal Oh, I've do doubt of it I
eliall get the hang of it Haul's lloru.
The 8t. Paul office of the Great North
ern hn been gathering statistic of grain '
grown along the line. Reports from Mi
points show that liefore January 1 the
road ill have to convey d.OOO.tlUO bush-'
rls ol wheat The great Ked river crop 1
is immense, I
PSOM TBI DURT Of I.HBPECTOt ITKIfM.
By JULIAN HAWTHORNE, Author f
"Tie Great Bank Robbe" "An
American Penman," Eta
(Ooprrtftbl bjO M. Dunham, and cubuibad,
(anuf a special erranawnetit bf Uie americaa
mas AasaciaUoa wlia Caawll Oa, Maw Vark
"It was stopped by my orders." said
Pauline, turning her eye again on Du
pee. "The money will not be a!d."
"Why won't It be paid?" retorted Du
pee. "Do you mean to deny that it is
-I owe you nothing." she replied.
"Oh! we'll see about that! Do you
wish me to tell your husband what it
waa you bought of me and paid eighty
dollars on account?"
"1 owe you nothing and shall pay you
nothing." was her answci " You are an
Impostor and a thief. Your name is not
John Orush. but Horace Dupee. I have
waited for you a long time."
"Never mind what my namo Is or
what I am! I know what you are and
what you have done! And unless you
pay mo, here and now, not eighty dol
lars but eight hundred, your husband
shall know as much as I dol"
"Not so loud, sir, if you please," Inter
moral tlm (mlro. "I don't think you can
toll me anything about Mrs. Kctclle that
I do not already know. Put if you think
otherwise I am ready to hear you. and I
fancy Mrs. Kotolle will not object."
Pauline inclined her head contemptu
ously. "Let him speakl" she said.
"Oh, fm going to speak don't make
any mistake about man uup
claimed, beside himself with mingled fear
and rago; for he was wholly unable to
account for the security of Pauline's de
meanor. "I'm going to speak, and what
I say shall be heard not only by your
husband, who Imagines you to be a virtu
ous and reectablo woman, but by all
Now York, or wherever elso sho may go
I tell you, Judge Kctello, that the sooner
you turn that woman Into the street the
better it will bo for your credit and repu
tation! Slio has doceived you ever since
sho was married to you! Let her deny it
If sho can! Lot her deny that she visiU
a follow-her lovor In his lodgings in
Harlem, and drives with him in tho park I
Let her deny that If she darcsl Khe
meets him every day: he la a younger
muii than you are, judge, and better look
lug, and they laugh at you for an old
fool when they are together. And they
are together every day. 1 say. the sooner
you kick her Into tho street the better, or
you will huvoall New York laughing at
you! I've got the facts, and 1 11 make
out known, and prove em, tool
"Are you prepared to maintain," said
tha Indira. In a auict tone, "that there is
anything unseemly In the relations of!
the gentleman you speak or and Mrs
Dupee luughcd harshly. "Ask him!"
ha returned. "Brina him and her to
gether and ask them what their relations
i am fortunately able to do that,"
answered the judge, "because the gen
tleman in question hapieus to be at
hand. 1 will summon liiiu. And step
ping to the door of the inner room, he
urtly opened it and said, "Come in."
The next moment theltgureof a tall
young man apcared on the threshold
and advunced into the uparlmeiit He
was the very man whom Dupee had seen
in the park and uflerwards traced to the
Harlem Hut. Hut how cume he to be in
waiting here? What was the meaning
of it all?
"la this the gentleman you sicak ofT
Inquired the judge of Dupee. indicating
"Oh, i supnme they have fooled you
with some clever lie or other." said Du
pee, with a snarl "All the sume, w hut
1 tell you is the truth; and the world will
believe it, if you don't!''
"You seem to know so much, sir," an
swered the judge, "that you probably do
not need to be informed thut Mr. Ketelle
was formerly Miss Nolen. and that she
hud two brothers. One of thorn died
from the died of injuries received mys
teriously, while In the comiiny of one
Horace Dupee. several years ago The
other brother. Percy by naiiie, was ac
cused, a year since, of a robbery at Qui
tellmii's Jewelry store. He left New
York and was reported drowned, but the
report turned out to have liecn an error
He returned to New York about ten days
ago; but his presence wits not generally
made known, owing to the fact that the
true purpetrutor of tho robbery hud not
yet been identified The identification
has now been made, however, and there
fore the neccHHity of concealing Mr
Percy Nolen s presence no longer exists."
"Well, aud what has all this rigma
role to do with me?" demanded Duee
defiantly "Whut have I to do with
"I am Percy Nolen," said the gentle
man In questiou, regarding Dupee with
a very stem expression, "and this lady
Is my sister."
Dupee saw at once that he had been
outwitted and trapped The check had
been stopped In order to Induce him to
ooiiie to Judge Ketcllo'eotllce; and it had
been previously arranged that Mrs K-
telle and Percy were to meet hlin there
and etTect his discomfiture. There was
nothing left for him to do except to re
lire like the battled villain in the melo
drama, muttering, "Foiled! but 1 will
yet be avenged!" or words to that effect
Diiiee, however, failed to grasp the
dramatic oportunitics of the situation,
but he said, as he moved towards the
door, "You have been known as a pick
pocket Percy Nolen. and it'll stick to
your With that he oened the door,
and would hare gone out of it had he
not been confronted there by a broad
shouldered, athletic gentleman, with a
brown mustache and piercing eyes, who
was acconianicd by a dejected person
age wearing the familiar aspect of Mr
John Orush. the only true and genuim
proprietor of thut name.
The bread shouldered man. after hand
Ing Orush into the room, followed him
and cloned the door "Good morning
Mra Ketelle and gentlemen." he aaid,
oheerfully "Well. Horace, you ate I
have a friend of your here. Jack has
been complaining to me of you He
says you cot only stole hi name, hut In
fringrd his potent bl.-u kmail scheme
And so, by way of retaliation, he hat
been telling very bad tale of you I'm
afraid you are in for a good deal of
"There's no nerd of making a fus
about this affair, Inspector," said Dupee,
assuming a nonchalant air. "There,
been no blackmail that I know of It Is
true thst Judge Ketelle paid me a worth
ies check the other days but there has
been no pecuniary transaction, properly
speaking, and I don't know what this
omn," Indicating finish. "' grumbling
about I know very little of him."
He hiw the advantage of you. then."
returned the Inspector, "for he knows a
great deal about you. I have been waitr
Ing for you for a year I knew you'd lie
back hero, so I didn't bother to disturb
you In Ban Francisco; but I've got that
thousand dollar note up at the office; and
Crush has lilled up any little gap In the
chain, though we could have du..e very
well without him. Hold out your
The last words were spoken In a voice
so different from the good natu red ban
ter of the foregoing sentences that Dupoe
gave a start and mechanically extended
his wrists, and the next moment the
handcuffs were round them. The mo
ment after that, however, ho seemed to
take In the significance of what the In
spector had said He turned and cast a
very malignant glance at finish.
"You will find evidence against me,
will you!" ho cried, in a grating tono.
Vnii rliil tliat lobon the lady In the
lewelry store, and put It off on him." re-
. . i l : . .l nn-..
turned urusn, noouuig
and speaking with a swagger. "You
know It, and I'll take my oath to It any
day. You played a low down game on
me, and that's what you get for it!"
"Vnu'll rive evidence that I'm a pick
pocket, will you?" repented Dupee. star
ing at the man wim a airunge
inn half leer and half acowL "Well,
you may do ft or you needn't. Just as
you please: for I did rob the woman, and
I don't care who knows it, nowl Rut
you gave it away too quick. Jack Crush;
this Is the worst day's work you everdid;
It would hove been worth something to
you to have found out, first, whether I
had any little stories to ten anoui youi
The inspector, who hud been on the
point of putting an abrupt end to their
dialogue, seemed to change his purpose
ii it. a InQt anntence: and the others pres
ent involuntarily listened to what might
"You enn't tell anything to hurt nio!"
retorted Orush. "I've got my medicine,
and I'm going to take it You can't
"We'll see If I can't I know some
thing; I've known It for years for years,
An vnu hear. Jack Crush! I haven't
said anything about it; it was too good a
thing to giveaway until the tunocumoi
It wns a whin I could drive you with
any time, and I kept it till 1 should want
it Little you Imuglned Hint I nave naa
the whole thing, pat by heart, ever since
tho lirst montli I was out of the prisoner's
dock! 1 knew better tnan to lei you
suspect it Hut I've waited long enough,
and you might as woll have It now as
"Illessed If I know what he's chatter
ing about!" said Crush, addressing the
coiminnv In ireneral with nn air of per
plexed innocence, "1 suspect he's gone
off his head a little.
When I left the prisoner's dock, ac
quitted of murdering Jerrold Nolen,"
Dupee went on, with Intense emphasis,
"you were oiip of the first to make Op to
me anil say thut, since society had kicked
mo out. 1 was instilled In kicking against
society and living by my wits. But, all
the time, if I had been convicted, you
would have let me bane, you hound.
sooner than nay a word to save met and
yet you were the scoundrel who crept up
to a drunken man Hold him. in
Crush, in fact, had suddenly miulo a
lean at Dm we like a wild beast. But the
insNX'tor's hand was stretched out like a
flash und gruMied him by the back or the
collar willi an iron hold. The fellow
mado one tremendous but vain effort to
break loose, and then stood still, shaking
all over, hut dangerous no longer. The
inspector gave a sharp whistle; n ser
geant entered the room, und at a nod
from his superior had (Irtish manacled in
a jiffy und stood up against the wull. The
inspector straightened Ins Blurt cuti and
said, "Come, Horace, mako an end of
this business, we can't stay here all the
morning to lieur you two scoundrels
abuse- ouch other."
"1 wty." said Dupee, with a sort of ex
cited shriek in his voico, "that after I
took Jerrold Nolen to lliodoor of his
house and left him, bo help mo Cod,
alive in the stoop there, though so drunk
he didn't know what he was about, that
devil there cume up to him and robbed
him, and gave him the blow behind the
ear thut killed him! I say it, and 1 can
prove it! And when lie feels the rope
alxnit his neck, let him remember that it
was Horace Diiee put it there!"
"Take tliem out, sergeant," said the
inspector, abruptly, "I will tie at the
tlice presently. They're a puirof them,
and, to my thinking, hanging Is too
good for either of them!"
Tho little audience which had been in
voluntary sNi'tators of this violent ana
ugly scene drew a breath of relief when
the door closed Miind the two convicts.
It was a long time before the nightmare
"That last turn was unexpected."
observed the Inspector, deprecatiugly.
"It wasn't on my programme. I
think Dupee proliably told the truth
alwut it You remember. Miss Nolen. 1
always doubted his having committed
the greater crime. But ou the whole I
think we may congratulate ourselves on
having made a very good end of the af
fair. You will not have to return to
Harlem, Mr. Nolen, unless you wii.li to.
Aud, on the other hand, when you go
back to Mexico I fancy you will find no
difficulty in currying with you all the
guarantees, social or business, that you
"Thanks to you, inspector," said the
young man, with feeling, grasping the
officer by the hand.
"Oh, no; that is where your thanks be
kmg." the latter returned, bowing toward
Pauline with a smile. "She deserves
moet of the credit for the successful is
sue of Ui is affair No sister, I'll make
bold to say, ever stood by a brother so
faithfully as she hits by you. I have
done little beside I sick her up now ami
then. and. if I hadn't 1 belirvs she
would hare done the whole thing alone
by herself!" and evading further tlianks
and praises the chief detective made 4
comprehensive salute to the company
and vanished from the room.
"He's what I call a mau! said Percy.
"And a general!" added the judge.
Pauline said in a whisper, "Uod bless
Judge Ketelle and his beautiful wife
continue to live in New York, and now
that the shadow is lifted from them they
are the sunny center of a charming so
ciety. Mra Solt-n Uvea with them, In
I th." enjoyment of . ren. old g
: Mwlnn and Is StlJI
Forcy returneu io
living there, having bscom. qui
wealthy; and his betrothal is .reported to
th. daughter of one of the chief men In
; tb. government. Mrs. Valentin. Martin
' U believed to lie In England, intriguing,
i ... . u u,.-i nf auccess. for
witnout muL-ii "i ---
the possession of her late husband s es
tates. Dupe, is behind the bars; Onwh
! contrived to cheat the
pector Byrne. Is hard at work, but bard
! work agree, with him.
Tha Conj-retaloo1 Library.
There are aeveral valuable collections
of books In the library that have been
bought by congress at .. "
1867 congress purchased for f 100 000 the
collection of rare historical books and
pamphlets, files of nowspapers, muis.
engravings, etc.. accumulated by ctcr
Force, of Washington, during thirty
years of antiquarian research. The
u ' .... r,,mia a very
rorce couecuoii u- ,
valuable department of the library or
congress. The collection of books relotr ;
Ing to the history and topography of ,
America la unsurp;ied. Among the
rare works are two great folios, written
on vellum, with numerous illuminations
by hand, executed with the utmost care
.. i. nj.ntnrv- a constitution
in me iiiiru-cm" -
of Pope Clement V, of Rome. U07. by
Feter Hchoeiier at -t
Eliot's Indiun Bible; 800 early atlases and ,
.,,.,, i, lUlwxl. of the Amcri- .
L1JUL), WIUB ""J'""'
can continent; a large number of in-
i i ..-:... ..I .li.rinrv tlia
cunubulu. or boons iuiu.-u wh
Infancy of the art. by the most distm-
:.i..i ...i. nrintcr. representing
every year from 1407 to 1500, and forty ,
. ..... Ulofnrf.nl ailtA !
eight IOIIO volumes ui ni
graphs of great rarity and Interest
A King's Ears.
One night shortly before tho taking of
Maillezais. while d'Auhigne, us was ap
parently his custom, was sleeping with
51. de la Force In a room opening out of
Henry's bedroom, he said to his com
panion, "Iji Force, our master is a skin
flint and the most ungrateful man on the
face of the earth." La Force, who was
half asleep, did not hear, and muttered.
"What do you say. d'Aubignc?" uon
which the king, who was noted for his
quickness of hearing, quietly said. "He
says 1 am a skinflint and the most un
grateful man on the face of the earth."
D'Aublgne felt rather sheepish, but
Dcnry was not In the least annoyed.
Tho story Is unfortunately not quite au
thentic, for it is only given in the notes
of the early editions of the memoirs and
does not appear in the manuscript But
in his history d'Aubigno relates a similar
story In which when his bedfellow did
not hear his remark, the king chimed iu
with "How deaf you are; don't you hear
that he says 1 want to marry my sister
to Bcvcral brothers-in-law at once?" "Go
to sleep," coolly replied d'Auhigne. "we
have plenty more things to say alwut
you." Macmillan's Magazine.
Tha Curlnoltjr nf Wnmrn.
Some time ago there appeared In a
local paper an item to the effect that if a
woman saw a paragraph cut from a
newspaper In her house she would not
rest until she procured another paier to
see what had been cut out A young
married man. egged on by his brother,
cut out the paragraph referred to. and
be had tho satisfaction of seeing his wife
hustle for another copy of the samo edi
tion. That is woman's curiosity. If any
man cuts out this paragraph and gives
his wife the paper she will certainly go
to the nearest news stand and buy an
other copy to see what the scissors have
douo. Chicago Herald.
Tenting II ! Feet.
J. C. Heury.of San Diego, Cul.. through
the columns of The Scientific American,
suggests a novel means of testing the
condition of horses' feet Tuke a but
tery or magnetic machine oue that gives
a light current, say such as can only tie
fell with moist hands. Attach oue ter
minal to the animal's bit. the other to
tho shoo. If the horse suffers from the
shoe or nails, he will squirm under the
test It there be uo Irritation, he will
pay no attention to it. A little electrical
science in the blacksmith shops would
locate much suffering. True Flag.
In some parts of Texas the ieole live to I
very old. An old mini of IW, living quite a
distance from the nearest town, requiring
niiiie family gnnvries, sent his son, a man ol
70 (xlj years of uge. When the mm failed to
show up with tu prevision on time hisfsther
reproached himself by saying:
"That's what comes from sending a kid."
A Mutual Attachment.
Maliel (looking ut the window at a maimed
curl Oh, how ilivsilful: who could have cut
off that pnor dog's tailf
I'liilospliienl Charlie Oh, the dog don't
mind it: lie's ued to it by this time.
MtiM-l don't know alsmt that; before he
lest it lie must have lieen strongly attached
to It Philadelphia Press.
"Johnny, you have lieen a bad lsy today."
"Are you sorry f
"Why nre you sorry f"
"Cos I know thut the elisneesare nlsint
seventeen to two that I'm guiu' to get licked.'
A PiMnlhle KxilHimtliin.
Dolliver What a peculiar lsk reviewer
Raule isl Oiil you ever notii- how confused
bis Idea aeem to be how rambling and in
Pomsnis Yes; I've noticed it (Struck
with an idea.) Perliai he reads tlie liook
he review! Uppiiieott's Mugaiine.
Schoolmistress Tommy, a hat did you di
oliey me foi l
Tommy 'C I thought you'd whip me.
Sehoohiiitiii-Vlmt did ,Vu aant me to
whip you fori
Tommy Vos n said lie would if you didu't
aud lie hurts. Harper' Razor.
A roiummi Cam.
"What fruit la that f"
"I'm oh, well, how odil. Hi, Jimmy,
What kind of fruit is thisf"
"Tin are dales,"
"Thev are dales, madam. I never eouhl
reiueiiiiier datea." Sew York Suu.
She A I way Laughs.
Mr. Dolley-Oh, I've a retiy iod story
to tell. New one, too. (Tells it.)
Mis Amy (whoowea Mr. Dolley one) Re!
be! t'apilal! 1 always laugh when I hear
that story. 1 just can't help it It'lsucha
food one. Yenowine' Newt.
rakladest Cut nf All.
VUltor to Editor Could you use an entire
ly original poem ou "The Nitreiie Weed."
Editor I could, of courie, but at long a
matches are ft) cheap I dut ara toe use.
, NATURAL (.'AS SUPPLY.
FACTS ABOUT THE NEW SOURCE
OF COMFORT AND WEALTH.
T.rrllorr ut the Culted
r.tor-A tetaatroplia l fblua-Ao la-
rldrnt Olltilal Keporta,
Where iu the United States are the chief
sounw of supply for natural gas! This is a
quwtioii that counties people bavs been try.
ing to answer, and it I id that the people
uf every tte in the Union except the New
England Utah's and the four must southerly
Atlantic acubuard states have quite lost their
equilibrium in attempting to uow that the
chief supply i right under the enwt of real
estate which they themselves liapeu to oc
cupy. East of the Appalachian range of
mountains, measuring the Oreen mountains
of Vermont as their most northern exten
sion, or spur, tlie native have not bored for
natural go ex't. perhaps, furtively, and
In the dark. A similar want of enterprise
bus manifested itsel in North and South
Carolina, (ieorgia and Florida, the people of
those state possibly thinking themselves too
near the earthquake center to take any
chances at iietruting the crust of thU lin
iwrfectly buked globe. But everywhere else
between the Hudson river and the Pacific
cast tlie drills have been working inces
santly, lighted at night, it Is to be pre
sumed, not infrequently, by the electric
' Such a sjiectacle would lie somewhat ludi
crous were it not that the electric illuininant
in the present status of scientific knov 'ledge
is obliged to confess thut dull gas is one of
the elementary lorces to which it owes it
own being. Hut the search has been gener
ally futile. Except iu Kansas go lias been
found iu paying iiuautitie only iu that por
tion of the Mississippi valley which lie east
of the great river and along the borders of
the mysterious geological formation known
as the drift. The main soiree of supply are
found iu tlie western irt of tlie state of
Pennsylvania, extending northward iuto
southwestern New York, and southward into
West Virginia; in northwestern Ohio and the
contiguous eastern part of centra! Indiana,
and iu one mrt of Michigan.
The considerable supply found in Kansas
Is mi fur west of the main source that it sug
gests escaping gas caused by some fissure or
fault In the drift formations. Yet the search
goes forward, though Ksibly witli relaxing
interest. It is felt that the cavernous west
and wuith may furnish still other natural
pipe lilies to convey gas for general distribu
tion over half the continent
Natural gas has been long known. The vil-
age of Kredonia, in this state, near the lower
eud of Lake Erie, ha Issm lighted by it
nearly, if uot quite, llfty ycam, and the
Father of his Country is found to have beeu
the first sieculutor in natural gas. He cume
in iswsessiou a very long time ago of what
were then known as tlie burning springs in
tho Kanawha valley, .Virginia. These so
called spring were only the result of a
natural gas freak, though to the people of
those early day, before the discovery or in
vention of a process for making coal gas,
they must have furnished a mysterious phe
nomenon. The idea of Washington, however, in ob
taining possession of the proijrty was not a
speculation iu light or fuel, but a sieculalion
iu salt, as more properly became the savior
of bis country. In China, too, a country to
which we must always go when we think
ourselves exclusively entitled to the credit of
some new discovery, the ieople have known
all about natural gas many hundred years.
It is even regaii'tcd thut a great catastrophe
once happened In China as a consequence of
the reckless use of this ilhiiuiiiant, the catas
trophe buving been nothing less than the
explosion of an iinuien.se suhteriiineau gas
ometer which uuderraii a country large
enough for several kingdoms. The precise
number of people who perished at the time is
uot recorded, but, considering the population
of the country, it must have been lurge. So
natural gas, it will lie seen, bos played a very
trugic part in the world's history, if an in
animated substance can be said to play
This Chinese story lacks but one element
to give it a horrible Interest, ami thut is the
element of possibility. No uir can go here
gas holds possession; and you could not have
combustion and a consequent explosion with
out air. Some information iu relation to
the natural gas wells of China bos beengiveu
recently to the state department by Mr.
Charles Deuby, the American minister to
that country. Mr. Denby describes a terri
tory about nine mile in diameter, where
brine, suitable f. r the production of salt, is
found at a depth of TUU to t.CUO feet below
the surface, lielow these salt reservoirs
again, atadepthof l,S0UorU',00Ufeet from the
sui fiie ", gas is found. It is reached by means of
rude iron drills fastened to a roie and oper
ated in bamboo pi)es, which are gradually
forced into the ground as the earth below is
displaced by the action of the sharp iron
point H is bamboo everywhere. After the
gas is reached aud brought to the surface it
is led off to the evaporating pans by more
bamboo pipes, aud made to do duty in tam
ing the brine into salt crystals. But, for its
bearing on te is question of danger to come
from the practice of tapping natural gas
reservoirs, here is the chief point of iuterest
in Mr. Deuby's report
During tho Tsipiug rebellion, years ago,
the rebels held possession of the country
where these gas wells are situated, and they
took off the cup thut held the gus iu confine
ment from one of the wells and set the col
umn alTame. It has beeu burning ever since,
and there is not talent enough among the
Chinese engineers to extinguish the lire. But
it is to be presumed that even the bamboo
piping iu the well remains uninjured, or the
orifice must long since have beeu closed.
We need not go all the way to China, bow
ever, for examples. We have seen oil and gas
wells enough ufiunie in the United Suites to
have blown otf the ends of both New York
and Pennsylvania had it been possible for
the flame to penetrate below V surface.
The Chinese incident, however, u uot with
out interest from another point of view.
There has been a theory that the gas wells
must be soon exhausted; but here is a well
that has been running with such force that
the flame is inextinguishable duriug many
years, and there U no evidence of decreasing
Official rerts on the natural gas pro
ducts of the United States are not very re
cent, tlie latest report, iu its main features,
comiug down only to the close of the year
lS.su. It cover a period of less than two
years, the discovery that natural gas could
be fouud in sultlcient quantities to make well
driving protiuble having beeu made iu
Yet at the end of the second year it was
found that gas had displaced U,4j,0UO tons
of coal, estimated in value at tlU.uUO.UoU
This was about double the quantity dis
placed during the first year, 1S."; and a the
natural gas cop,pauiea were rapidly extend
ing their mams at the date of t .:e report, it
is fair to presume that the quantity dis
placed has doubled again during the unre
ported mouths which have followed. New
Ice Water la Itratll.
"The use of ice water In this country is
universal," said an old doctor, "but in
Brazil it Is but little used. It was
thought that a factory for producing arti
flclal ice would be very profitable there,
where the temperature Is very high. An
English syndicate constructed the neces
sary works, but found that the natives
would net touch Ice water. Then, to
tetnpt their palates by creating' an appe
tite for It by constant use, the cot: pan y
placN free tanks of Ice water npoa the
street corners of the cities. It was a
novel pin, and the fruits of the Invest
ment are being borne. The use of Ice
water is Increasing, but it is not vet a
universal beverage." Chicago Herald.
ITALIAN ARTIFICIAL FLOWERS.
rirst invented by IMo... Sl.t.rs-I-
Artificial flowers were first Invented by
pious nuns. In the Italian convent, the
SltaA and shrines of saints were, up to
tha end of the Eighteenth century, decor
Ited with artificial flowers. Uburion. T
put together of paper parchment aud
Ether stiff materials Since then the
"Italian flowers," which are made In
Venetian factories of the Imperfect co
coons of silk worms, have become famous
lor their daintiness, which makes thein
particularly suitable for toilet decora
tion. Beside, these .Ilk flowers other
artificial flower, are made In Venice,
whence nearly all Italy 1 .upplled.aud
whence whole wagou load are exported
to other countries.
I have been over one of the Venetian
flower fuctorlcs, for no sooner has the
visitor to Venice taken his early cup of
chocolate at Florlaua. near the Marcus
place, when the cicerone appears, offering
to show him the "fuuious ' factory of the
"famous Italiuu flowers." This factory
Is situated In one of the gray old houses
of the Frezzaria, and several hundred
girls are occupied in it. In the warehouse
the most wonderful reproductions of
natural flowers are exhibited in glass
cases, and It seems In many cases as If
not only tho richest and most brilliant
colors, but the very scent of the flowers,
had been stolen from nature, for some of
the artificial flowers are steeped in the
perfume distilled from the flower which
ft represents. Any oue wishing to take
home some souvenir of Venice can have
his choice of beautiful and often fantastic
objects at the factory.
In the upper stories of the house the
girls sit at their work, constructing, with
clover nauus, tne uiuiv nuwui
.. nil ii, a nmut exrMnsive arti
ficial flowers are nearly exclusively made
by hand, and their value depends solely
ou the manual dexterity aud taste of the
. i . i .1.. .l1tnu,A Iruttrlniv
poony ciuu auu mouj unnu ,w""o
..i !...,.- tulilaa qiwI Inhnlinir
the unhealthy dust Af the dyed materials.
No machinery could replace tho dextority
aud taste. Last century a Swiss Invented
a niacnuie lor cutting out mo i.-c .
...-t.. i... i a..., n.ilv lu iiupH for tho
UtJLBlB, out. IV vM '""J '
smallest kinds, such as are wanted for
hyacinths, lilies of the valley, aud other
small flowers. In larger petals the Ir
regularities Ol munuui worn it
. !. .iiT ...null nrma nmdured hv
lu l n u mill auu ii", " ... .
machinery. The material of which tho
potals are made la woven In special fac
tories: the scissors and other tools used
by the girls, as well as ine presses iu
which the veins are traced on the leaves,
are of a shape specially adapted to the
Each part of a flower is made by special
ists. In oue room, for Instance, only
stalks of flowers and leaves are made: in
another fruits and berries of all kinds are
cant, if they are of wax, or blown, If of
glass. The cleverest workers are em
ployed In making blossoms of the single
petals, and bouquets, wreaths, aud gar
lands of the .ingle blossom.. It is very
1 . . ! . . ll.ii. marutAoa and t
interesting 10 ssiuu ima jiiwcm
see how, first, the center of a flower Is
constructed, then the petals put round,
next the green leaves, and so forth, till
a flower or a branch is complete. The
Some Things to Retnenibefb
I have been told, even iu cultivated. In
tellectual circles, thut a young woman
had hotter be in the kitchen or laundry
than iu the laboratory or class room of a
college, "Womeu taould be trained,"
such persons say. "to be wives aud
mothers." The finger of scorn has been
lightly pointed at the mentally cultivated
mothers aud duughters who are unable to
cook and scrub, who cannot make a mince
pio or a plum pudding. Such persons for
get with surprising facility ail the cases
of women who ueglect the kitchen to in
dulge iu the love sick sentimentality to
to which they have been trained; who
think too much of possible matrimonial
chances to endanger them by scrubbing,
or by giving ground for tlie suspicion thut
they cultivate any other faculty than the
power to apostrophize the moonlight aud
to long for a lover. They do uot care to
remember that It is no whit better to
wither under the influence of Ignorance
or sentiment, to cultivate a fondness for
"gush," thau to dry up the sensibilities
like a book worm, or grow rigid aud prig
gish as a pedant.
It is as bad to stunt human nature as
to over stimulate it to stop Its progress
lu oue way as in another. The danger i.
in going to extremes. The mass of men
choose the goldeu mean, and we may
trust women to avoid extravagance lu the
pursuit of learning. We may and ought
to give her every help iu the direction of
life that her brothers possess. It Is no
longer doubtful, it is plain, that what
ever other rights woman should have,
those of the intellectuul kingdom ought
to be hers fully and freely. She should
be the judge herself of how far she should
go In exploring the mysteries of" nature
aud of science. Arthur (iilman In The
Fermented Juice of the Crape,
Wine Is the fermented juice of the
crape, and is distinguished from other
fermented aud alcoholio liquors by con
taining bi tartrate of potash, a constitu
ent of the grape. Blackberries, currants,
and other berries, by fomentation, will
yield a wine, but the naae of the berries
from which obtained is always appended
to the vinous product. When the term
wine alone is used the fermented juice of
the grape Is signified, aud anything else
Is a misnomer. Tlie numerous varieties
of wine are occasioned by difference of
soil, climate, season, and by the kind,
quality and condition of the grapes as to
ripeness, the mode of fermentation, and
by the mauuer and temperature at which
the wine is preserved, aud by its age.
The strong wines, such as sherry, port
and Madeira, are made from grapes
that are thoroughly ripened, and which,
on account of containing a large amount
of sugar, yield, when fermented, a greater
amount of alcohol, which will range be
tween 18 and 23 per cent. Claret contains
about 12 per cent, and champagne about
10. Sweet wines, like tokay, are made
from grapes so ripe that they are almost
shriveled up to raisins, and therefore con
tain much sugar, and the fcrmentatiou is
arrested before all the sugar is converted
Into alcohol, which will hardly reach 10
per cent. Champagne is bottled before
the fermentation bus ceased, and hence
some of the carbonic acid resulting from
the fermentation is retained In the wine,
to be given off only when the bottle I.
opened. It Is, perhaps, not too much to
say that most wines exported from Euro
pean wine countries are adulterated.
Professor W. P. Tonry in Baltimore Sun.
The Graaa Cloth Plant.
The French Academy of Sciences and
certain experts appointed to Investigate
the claims of the grass cloth plant, or net
tlewort. have reported that the tissues
made from it are much superior to cotton
pods, both In point of appearance and
lasting qualities. The discovery of the
uses of the net tie wort fortextilo purposes
is creating much excitement, as the plant
grows abundantly both in the south of
France and In the French colonies. Chi
Aa Appropriate Liar.
A photographer of Yi&tcrloo, lUch., re
ports that he found ia Tana county, oftci
the recent hail stora and cyclo-e, a hall
stone eighteen icclcs lorg.' It had been
lying hi the underbrush, tea, rxd had lost
considerably la sue bv melting. TL
photographer is needed In New York. Th
campaign managers are looking for a liai
about Lis depth. Gdcago Times.
MILLIONS OF MONEY LiQ By.
-be lavtuc Han's Dollar, ,
Houses It la Uuttoa Bank.-
tbs Crowd uo a llusy Day-D, "S
At the beginning of the tm, ,
1888 there were fifteen saviC
Boston, having lu charge about 2S
000 belouglng to nearly 32J OonjJ,
Since the first of the year' two
lugs bauk. have been estsblL.U?
city, so that these flgure,
rather than over the facts at th,
momeut It may truly be aaid tf tt1
city in the couutry, or. fur tLu
in the world, are savings buk
conservatively, houorubly saduT,
ducted than lu boston. These wL1
have, as a rule, had public conaTL
their reputation leaves nothlZr
sired. Au ouicer in one of the -
bauks Inform, the writer that ilT"9
portion of the depositors at.
Vheu asked why this Is so h,
hi. opinion that the women in ,
much given to making
the men. Ihey nreferto put their '
in a reputable Institution whw.T'
know it will be "safe." aud where
draw a certuln interest.
Post yourself lu a convenient eon-,
oue of the loading suvingj buati
busy day and watch the crowi i'
opportunity to study huuiamitv tbklL?
hardly be excelled. Attbenaio C
depositors come by dozens, some to U.
money and some to take it. Thw.!
leave the moucy seem to have the 7L j
It, if oue may judge by tlidrficTl
man always draw, ou his deposit iria
air of regret, or. at any rate, ttet.
few cases iu which this will not l
true. At the head of tlie line there k
little old woman who Is not at ill ml!
ease. The line behind presses m, iT
and she does not relish beinrfunu
nltlimurli It ia nvl,li.,.l tl,. .'i
- n -- -- - 1 " - mfti
nothiuir loath to leave tlm ni
bus completed her transaction. S1U
come. It apjiears, with au order from l
sou, who bus au account here thi tU
at home ill, aud she wunts (10. Bat i
order is not properly tilled up, mj
toller tries to explain the error md iiim
her with as much courtesy and pj,,
time will permit, that she must ro ha
and have the mistuke rectified befon a,
can have the money. This 8hedoaH
understand, and you can plainly
she entertains her "suspicion!" of t,
bauk. "It's her Jim's mouey, in' aLe'i i
right to It when he tells her to couku;
get it," and .he half threaten! to
the law on the place" if the cishietr.
not stand and deliver.
Time Is being wasted, and the m:
becomes Impatient, and, finally, tout
In the line assures the old lady that tat
matter will be "all right" if the r.
follow the a It ice of tho cashier. Sooj
she goes, mumbling.' Then comet ik
of about 30 r ifj, looking quite prwjr
ous, and holding a hank book in whica i
number of bills are snugly recount.
"You can'l. deposit any more mow
sir, your account is full," ut thtrt
. "No more money! Whv, wbatdora
mean by that? Thought banks iJu
take as much mouev as vou'd trive 'a
"We are not permitted to allow ui
to deposit more tuau fi.iw, andjonu
couut has already reached that amwim
J'Must I draw It out then!"
"Oh, no; you cau allow it to remilin
til, with interest, it accumulate! to tt
extent of 1 1,000. After thst timet
though you may let the money rami
here, it will uraw no more Intern.
"Queer business, that," exclaims l
prosperous man, who thereupon tab
This may seem "queer business" toli
person who knows nothing of mriu
banks, yet it mny be explained bju
fact that savings batilts were not inieu-.
for well to do people, but for folk of kit
ble means. Of course, if you are (ut.
nate enoueh to huve $ 1,000 ui oue tfc
you can go to another bank audoput
account, but ir tne omciuis uave sujn
son to susnuct that vou are a au
means they may questiou you verydo
ly, and, If they are not satisfied witkif-'
replies, they are at liberty to reject
financial offering altogetuer.
Here conies a mother askiiu If ihtr.
be permitted to deposit mouev it kfj
child s name, although tuecnuuuu.
two or three mouths old. She finds ta.
she can do so, aud she is deli
Tlioro ara . irront 111R1IV C:ill9 at tUll'
lngs banks for purposes of this sort nj
rents, also, frequently deposit smau
on the anniversaries of their chiluit
birth, and they allow the money u
main in the bank and accumulate a-
Ilia vuuurcu v un.u v t,w- - ,
often use theso banks to deposit sf
funds of an estate during the two m
the law allows them lor settlmgnpij
fairs. Religious aud charitable onjia,
tions are exempt from tlie ifl.OOOresr
tion. The average rate of iuterfttH
by the Massachusetts savings baab'i
year was 4.00 per cent. , J
Two lines of people come streams
the bank, one Hue going to the kw
teller and the other liue to the pr-(
teller. Meu, women, boys and guiijj
up the crowd. Sometimes, especiu!
Saturdays, a wholo family iU tmf'j
the place while "dad" drawn sowH,
for the marketing, or for dotaap
young ones; or perhaps there is a ,
celebration of some kind on WMJ
they all want a .hare of the epoU ,
are generally very proud wheatWT i
their first deposits. They
to feel like capitalists, and they r
erally pretty faithful to tkeirwupr
Clerks, bookkeepers, office wpj
girls, newsboys, bootblacks, yoJj
qulsites whose fathers have gi"
some pocket money on conOiuai
they will put by a certain i ' - J
week, mechanics, masons. " f
young maids and old ones, o d 1
oil nt the most of tne" t
i w- t,air nxnecUve 1
iuk luaiu vi hk" .r- . tfla
inetr iraues, i-ouie t
inline. It is easy enough to jt
the habitues, so to speak, from jj
comers; the first go about their
in a very matter of fact if
others fidget, ask all sorts of w
questions, and are often as W r
signing their names as if they :
Ing their own death rranU-n:nVT f
and middling classes most g ,
tronize the savings bants e"
sums they have ou hand are w ,
to warrant them In taking tM
invest in real estate, or '"jy
There are thousands of wafi i
names are on the bank boo
them treasuring the remnant ,
ance mouey. or little dividends.
tient pensions, and others b-b i
weekly earnings.-Beston ua t
HlWi. MX.' "TLj
Close observers have fp':
rivers running throogh trK Jf
country are nearly, if not Je'
ef fish, and that fish will
from which timber has war
although they previously swa.
In. In the proportion of :f
der tree, and insure -
water and food by pref "VW J .
whence the supply of 9
new forests are cultivated ""
ranges, many a stream no
during the dry v0 .CTX
with fi5h and food tor 0 " )
i - a nTPdU
enough to place the try
must be provided with fool
means to do this is to pr !