Image provided by: University of Oregon Libraries; Eugene, OR
About The Eugene City guard. (Eugene City, Or.) 1870-1899 | View Entire Issue (June 30, 1888)
Hlch thinking more, IiIkIi living lew,
Tniili telling though the sky ntiouUl fall,
Woulil ailil to human happlim-is
Under tlie heavens, tint - all.
Tin- lofty tctniuliuil i if IIih JiLt,
The courage lo d 'fijl the rl'lit,
Would move us further from the dust,
Anil lift mi nearer to the light.
George W, Bungay til Youth's foinpuiloa.
AS A FOREIGNER SEES US.
II Think Americans Are ( ontnidli tiry
Mortal Common Sense Nw.i.
"You Americans," mid (ioorge Q. Taylor,
a foreigner, In a group of Now Yorkms, "are
tile most fuitrnhctirv sot of mortals in the
glolie. You slave all day ami h'w1 ul night.
You submit t all soils of iniKMturi nd ex
tuition, yet you are terrible lighter when
aroused. V.tila things do nut sceir. to fret
you an they do foreigners. You lire cheerful
and courageous in the fin of hopelcs din-
aster, yet never scent unduly elated if you
make n million or two, Now, why iliouM
inch a fioople ciiiKwe to wear t tic lllll'kl.st uml
most gloo.nv looking clothingr
A bystander ventured tliu remark (hut he
didn I w-0 anything particularly soiulMVubout
the uveruge American nttirii. '
"You don';.' JI.-vo yon over boon upln tho
Western I'nloii towcrf Well, you otht to
go up tliiTi-. I mudo tin ascent tho other
day, dilllcult as it is. Tin view i oiitru ncj ji ir.
But when I lookud down into llroud'Auy jt
made mo shiver, lliu hurrying crowds on
the sidewalks linked like two unending
funeral processions moving in opjiosite ui
rection. Illrck, block "Very where. All the
red hair ! girls must have liocii up town, fur
there witnii t it white horse to be i'i. Tlio
only relief to the eye huh an occasional
Broudnay surface car. It was lliu imsst
gloomy spectacle I over Itsikisl ilnH'ii iqioii,
yet I knew that Ix-iiouth tlio dark rxterior
thi're ni-ro wiinu hearts, noiivo brum uud
bunds equally ready to llt;lit or work."
" Well, what would you liavo us do Dres
In bright colors during tliu winUrf" wus
"Not nt nil. Use romuion wimp, that in all.
KiiniKinn generally do not see. the uooosHity
for dark colors in winter. Ho long as the
clothing in heavy and warm the color doesn't
limit"!-. You can wear black over tllero if
you like without exciting remark. Hut here,
if a limn wourxa heavy plaid suit in winter
he In cunt .'iiiptuously regarded by a native,
even though his critic! limy b shivering in
bin thin, black clothes. Take a Nuw England
town, iNew Haven for instunce, If you want
to we till" provincial Hpirit in an oxuggerutoii
form. A fault (uMly dressed New Yorkur is
anobjivt of auiversiil mlinii'iitioii. l'eopln
run out of Htoreiit.) liHikut him. A sluililnly
drwrnxl mull, even though Ihh clolhen lit him
butter tliuu thime of tho average New Haven
duili), in ut mica uud on all Kidex regarded iih
a mii'iik thief who ouht to bo in tliu lockup.
Hut an KuL;liliiimii ar other foreigner in a
plaid milt is ail object of horror. To nee tlio
ommi inoutlH, unci uplifted haiuli one wouhl
tliink llnruulu'n rhinoccri wan looxu in tlio
HtiiM-t. 1 alwayN put on u black Milt when 1
go to Nuw Haven, fur 1 cniiuol do Iiumiick-i
there in any other wirt of clothing." Mow
York Kveniiig Sun.
An KiltOirS riireoii lluliu.
When, in the midst (if my wriliu;', bhiio
tiling turnN up tlmt "umt go'' in or In-fore
the next i;lT, I hliove it illl'i n U,'roii hole
marked "iiniiiediiiUi." Tills pl;:iiin bole
ciuiina lif t, at.eutioii when I liuvo hi'ealhin
pace. Alter thin in cleared 1 turn to one
marked " Advance" matlein liiat mssl time
todevel ip, and want to Ik Ktiuiiil well in
tine i -larked "Current" it devoted to mat
U'is that uuvlit lo be attcinli fi to re;;uhil ly
with every iv.ne, though not ikmshniiiiIv lie
foi'n a given day. Tilings' necuinuhtc here
koiueiiiiii'ii, h.it MKiiier or Inter they me
ground twredllii; Hue.
Ilestof all Is a pigisin hole lulsliil "C'ou
tiii'v'nt." It is practical, comprehensive,
Hiid -"ithlii Imniaii liuiils iit. -n lie:; It Is
a"l.cd with heads ami tails lor which I know
the iiiimIii exti einiti.n will wuue day !e
ikying: "Here Is a curious iMiilnvaiice; I
want u description oi' it; 1 hiiw one once;
then I shall Uud it h.'iV I do. "You
proiuhisl." "(Ih, no!" "Oh, yes! I have
your Idler hcii';" and I have. "What is the
Hum's i!ddi'iNi' 11 I ever had it It will lie
here;" it is, What data was it wut There
was a receipt. Look here," "Where I tlmt
I'ircnhir; that price list; that funny Icttcrf
What was tliu sic of Hint pc.gcf I low ninny
did 1 count Here!" "(Mi, you want your
'O lo to a Violetf 1 don't remeiuU'r it; but
if you inclosed stump we shall suivly Hie I it
here, without any niune ntluchisl."
A huslnc m man would have nil these cltLssd
llisl, Is'i-au-e of a uieut ipiantity ; but I have
only aa "inllult variety" of 'Youtin
gencies," w ith porhai two or thrtsj of ouch
kind; anil It is easy to milslivldv when the
quantity pnsiMsi, Every memorandum or
msr which I want to forget until culled
for, and then tlnd handy, 1 put here; those
which niv likely not to bu cnlhsl for ..sm I
put in it big drawer, which 1 label ri mv
mind "Keinote (.'iintiligeiit." it is thick
with the dust of ugtst. Wolhtnn ll.voy in
1 1 tin's 1 wo Meals I ) n .
Only two meals a day are nerved at CuImiii
hotel. They live much an people do in wuiid
purls of l'r.ince mid SwiUerl'ind. Yon tnko
an orange or tw o ith a cup of coffee ami a
rdl in the early morning; a Itlieral lircakfaxt,
In couiimsi, l M.'rVd at II u'oloek, uud a rere
mouioui dinner at i or 5 In the afternoon.
Thin mode of living in iidmirahly suited to
tlie climate, and you fall in with tliu custom
and like it itt once.
The breakfast opens with (mall olive and
frwilt raduhisi oerved lu the aiuue dish; the
licit course is flsh, then egg, mivits, etc.
You are not asked what you aefer, but each
course is set U'fore you and you (wirtake of it
or not, Instead of beginning with fruit, the
C'ulsiu breakfast ends with it- pinenpplea
rut from the stalk the suliio iihsnlug, ls
nauas fivshly picked, sadillaa, a faint and
rather over sweet moinvl, w ith oranges d
In Florida, and lu many other part of the
oouutry, the orange is rut in halves mid its
juUw and pulp aix stsl to the inouth w ith
a teaspoon. In Havana the orange is served
whole on the table, lcd down to the Juicy
"meat of the fruit, and you present the gol
den liall to your ll on the prongs of a fork.
At any and every American hotel the mo
ment you sit down the ipiretlon is almoxt
flung nt you, "Tea or 00111 r I'ulwns U-V
ter uudeistinid what is healthful. They fid
low nature's plan and take their meals more
as the lower auiuiaisdo. Culsvu do not fill
their stomachs with tlui.ls during iiieala,
Alter brra fust is over, then tea or rotleu is
scrvnl cottc in h'rctieh stvle, at leasl ene
lm!f the cup being tilled with milk. Home
A Trulest A(luat (irwniniar.
It 1 to be wished there was law prohibit
ing the use of spelling books ami granimam.
I tu I il grammar In the onluuuy way
a)Kut tlirra wivks, just lmg enough to
flud out abut a genius some miple i-nn show
iu putting asunder wliat U1 bath iimsl to
get iter. It Is a splendid device lor luung up
a (sir Isiv's lime and souring bis disiutitn:
but It Mill Hot ks'i him out of the :rave, lit
belli bun pay n ut and butcher's bnU, Kov.
C It. i'olkuUlsl.
DANGER SIGNALS THAT
OF TROUBLE AHEAD.
We Are Loath to Fee the Knot That the
Human Marklne Is Wearing Out A
Vkeisry llearl Urny Hairs Other Warn
Nature is one of the kindest of motbui-s.
h'lic. is ever on the ofTuc tiouuie alert to let her
million children kuuw of the ills that nienaet
them and to hoist the danger signal liiut bills
of trouble ahead. Kor yuan you huvu txuu
occuHloMiml to reail uu hour or two or three
hours at night without your sight being in
lee least affected. You can still see the do
tails of the Oakland bills and make out
wb'ire the few red woo. Is bid lelt back of Hun
Miitco. No type bothers you and you huve
uo particular fis-usof vision, j Latterly, bow
ever, you have begun to notice that toward tb
end of your seances your eyes lsti;ine a trifle
blurred, that the Mack of the ink grows
grayer and that you require u not her gas Jot
or tho lamp a little nearer to your elbow
There is your warning, and he alone is
wise who hood it. You have received
tsilnter of the most valuable descriptioa It
means that you are wearing out your eyes
and that the lihww.1 gift of goes! sight is Isj
1113 trifled wltlL To let Ibis warning go by
uubeodud is criminal, both in intent and
The trouble with us Is that we will not
orcpuru for the tornado untd it is titsiu us
that we want a clubhiu,; to llud out tiiut oui
s!;ull can ls cracked. We are loath to bring
ourselves fuiw to faco with the fact that tin
machine Is wearing ou;, and wo alnest ta!.i
It as nu insult when told that wo are not m
youi'S r.. we might l. So it baTi'M-ns thai
ne Ihul -.u enu.iot run up a bill with tin
lilino degree of eliuiticky that we were wo:ti
to have, und that when weurriveat the to
we have bellows to mend, v.u usci ibe thssi
facU to a hiiavy dinner, tho stalo of the at
iiiosplierc, tight Iku, or to any other causi
.ccpt the right one lucreusmg years.
tlliTTUl AVOID A ttt'MU.
That boavily bi'ating heart that thu:ni.
ugaiiuit your nljs wiiun the run is over is o.i'
of nature's pointers, and one given with .
gissl ileal of scrioUNmus, too. It indicat"
Hint tho heart stock is weakening; th.it tlier
is too much fatly debris in the cardiac dix
trict, and that unless you want a smash ii.
lliu market you had better avoid anytime
like a rush. Physiologically, tho fawn
11 only a big musclo, but it is b!m
lie great clock of tho human system
;:s tick tick goes on from tho cnull
'o I ho colTiii, and it lieats olr tho seconds 1.
mr II von, tangibly, audibly and ceaselessly
so Ion;; as ear lionjei.-ope H-rmits. Hut iiiik
if till should we remember that It Ihiiii alanr
ihs-k, its warnings being vuried, but uniiiis
takabiu There is tho intermittent beut. th
llutter, the rattlo and the wild throb :
jointers oiVeri.'d us by nut urn Something t
wrong. I eruuM It is only p euiteef indi
;er.lion, or the luck of a little iron in tin
ileal, or t'.ie presence of an extra amount o;
;i::i'.iluiit, but whatever it In, we uro ben
t.ionlisi an oiMionuiuty of llndni'' 0111
.vlietlu r t!iu trouble is teiiisrury or s'rina
nt. Tho one with euro run Is) removed
the other with euro can lie ulleviated. Kui
to heed the wnruiiij',, and souie time whei.
vo l .ne milking 1111 after dinner sccrh you
'.v.ll lull forward 011 the tulilu uud never reai.
mr oliitimry notice.
Y i:;r bu.'ni r one day wndsthe wild shiver.
:ov:i your li.vk liy tolling you tlmt ym:'
liuir i i Uiiig Una on the toil of your head
'011 had known it ulready; you had noiieei.
ir very many wi-k-. piu-.t that your bruslui
irried o'T u sad lot of your crop in it:
.ii i',:lcs j.-iiry time you used them, and b
l.j iwi ol your huml i'Iilss und the uiirroi
v.i had found out that the sculp on Hi
sown was iHiuinning to show through, thai
he psrtin; was getting very broad and the
on-ln ud very uign. All this you had known.
ml you had thought It a secret Uitiveeu
uisu'lf and your mirror, so that when I lie
ar!Hr lii'iitally U lis you (hat the effects of
he thinning out process are plain to every
"lie, you cannot h.ilp tioln slux-ked. When
111 jj. homo you put yourself in a strong
l.:hi ind go 111 for a regular iucctioii ul
nines .uvage. 1110 roitult IS .teplurablo
.'.-. in thrt teiiisiral locks, cunningly hid
Ion away under the darker hair, are two 01
wm breads if gray, while, as though the
Mtieiiuin with the hour glass had struck
hi In he back of the neck, lu the short
inirs tt tho uasj two r tlinsj mure whiu
u: is are seen.
put awat roousii tuincis.
It is, tvrnaps, Impossiolo to imagine any
no f nature's s. intern that Is moru unwili
mg.y nsviveil than this. Unwillingly re
vi ved Iss'iuiso it means that tho tune ha
.vino when you must put away foolish things.
nut tlio frivolities not tho pleasures, neces
tut ily f y mth, give up the assumption ol
j .venility ami settlo down to tliu scnou
I'lligs of middle age. Kirtunateiy tnidille
A '.e lias its ple.'irant us 'well as its scriom
l ings. In fact, it is a tpiestion w hether that
si'.KUer time when the leaves are beginning
orurn. when the noon heat is over: when
he passions are suUlued and when the quiet
v, ilight is coining 0:1 is not after ull the ls.it
voi'tMii or a man s life ami of a woman s, too
EijiecMlly is It likely to lie so if wo pay
nn.i uttentlon to nature's pointers and Is'
aivlill without coddling ourselves.
The si'heilule of thtie pointers is by no
iiejns exhausted, however. The tailor has
uie or two of them lu store for us. When.
for instance, he tells us that we are adding to
our girth below the waistband uud not abovr
it; that the legs of our trousors are growlm:
shorter und thai the Map of our vests
bad better be made a little longer to
look well these are a few pointers
that are full of meaning. Thou there
is tho fuct that we cau l stand getting our
eel wrlas we used to; that we have to U
careful when coming out of a warm room
Into the cold air; that we want our moult
it regular hours; that we cannot stay up at
nights without sleeping corresiwiidingly
Utter in the morning; that the birds do not
slug quite as bomuly as in lung syne; that
wo begin to think uf slippers ana dressing
gowns us the pleasures uf uu evening, that
our feet grow cold if w sit too luug; that
we uuy a tinnier cm-Jiry of awks; that out
daughter's head is L.ruiuui to reach our
wauh pocket; thai U-cim uiv l.Ulj c:vasa
W.tUug tuto Ce cuiuem uf our eyes
that the lilies from t.itf Uuj uf Uu
nose to Ui angles uf tin) uiou'.U are
growing heavier; that we do not
kwk as fresh in the morning as formerly -
these are a few of the tips wmcU Motiier .Na
ture gives us to reuuud us Uu:t her cuutl
but irruuslible laws are iu t .icru-JU :iil
iat the machine we call oursvlvtis Is surely
ruimiug dowu. San Kraucisoo CUroiUc.e.
Am Ktsuiple of rrtss Airsuey.
M1! mamma having been very IU in the
ritiJ, I presume some 0110 bad told bitu that
nkt bad sent tlie Illness, for, in the suuuner.
fb-r irukmg a little t,o freely of water
mIoii, he came and stood by my aid and.
v'Uii.g very uucoiufortAbiA, said: "Ik
i.lu't send this stomachAclie, did he I That's
v ntii limine, 'cue ale too much water
w ion IUli hood.
DIDN'T MIND THE BITE.
Aa Old Chap la Arkansas Who Uasn'
Afraid of Hydrophobia.
A Georgia man, while standing In front 0;
I blacksmith s shop, was bitten hy a .log
"Oracious slivel exclaimed the buicksnntii
"rim home and pray for the saivatiou uf yum
suiU. rot yoiil budy Is lost,"
'How )" tlie old fellow asked as In
rublssj in plucf wtiere the dog bad biilei
Why. Uiat dog ia ouid Look bow b
Icmiii at the misjth Ihat's the dog tlu
utugnisirs uuve lii itsikiug for"
A pull of .iiioKecnine (rum tne iiushesneol
uy tlx- "Ising' uf a gnu aw heanl and tlu
dog lell ileml III UirriKiil
".Neighlsirs iieeu ItsiKin' lur bun, eh!" said
the old fellow wtiu tuel lieen Intleu. "Wall,
I unit imwii iisikm fui nun. out it 'peait
sortel like be's Imiii lis .Kill' lur llie"
"Ituu to a doctor, iiuiil"
"No, i kisui I ailui'd it. I hire.) one lasl
spring to curr tne ciulls on uiy daughter
.Nun, an' I thougM It would break 11 te boda
tiously up agm I got linn paid Nuu, you
know, munie.! Aiw hluter shortly after
want au I suys to Aim, s'l, 'Abe, you
ouglitei psy a Hirt of that chill bill' 'Whul
chill o,ll 'soys he VV'y .aus. s'L 'Oh,
says lie. I didn't marry tlie chills too. I
only married .Nau. an' I uucbiially expetitwl
the chills not ter cut no Hgger iu the traiuac
Hon. An , sir, A is? lie uerer would pay 1
i-eni 011 that chill lull, but putty soon "long
come the yaller uger, eixpm' dowu the big
rd VS tilt. sun. It lio.i a-Ntruddie uv oit
Abe an rid Hint putt) uign btr death."
"Hut Uiat am t gol iioiuiug t do with thui
mssl doi( You II na deud inuu iu Iuis ii
nine ilays "
"(Vail. I'M wait an' sto, an'ef whut you
say ts niies true, wv I II own up I am tin
nun lei .lispute alter lie-acks nave dun goie
agin me 'I ain't lluiter way witn Als'
llioiigh He II urgy wtieii be known lie 11111 1
got 110 show I like lei see a n an stick 111
f fir wliul tie 1 s-l lev hs. but then when a telle
tlnils lies wrong, w'v lie est uuchully oilgli
er cave U ull, K'sxl mawmii I've got
kmk trade on nun over yander cross tn
nruncli en I ivlieve I'll tlx It up Isjlo' 11,
b'llei gits uulen the notion." AikttiiM.
l.lfe In a ltuslan Prison.
A Kiissittti army ollliwr wh. was n.
leiuued to "kor toga" for an assault id..
united in a moment of excitement, and wn
as fiai'doned by the call' after several yem
letciitiou, descriliee the Onega prison, whei
le was confined, as follows:
"For smoking and minor offensos of tin
hi t. a prisoner could lie made to kneel ft-
1 wo hours on the bare, frozen flags. Th
.cxt punishment for the same minor ofTen
us the black hole the 'kurier' the ivuri
.lie uml the oold one, underground, with .
eiiiis-rnlure at freezing sint In Isu
i-risoiwn slppt on the stomn, and the term
m alice des udisl on the will ol the directo:
evcrul were kept there for a fortnight, uft.
inch they wore literally dragged out in:
i.ivlight and then dismissed to the Inn.
' here pain and suffering are not. Durii.
;ie 1 011 1 years of my conllnement the nvei
;:.e inortality In the prison was t cent
er ainiiiin It must not ls thought tha
ao-eoii w hom penalties of this kind were in
Itch-d were hardened ilesS'i'inlis's. We I:
Hired i.hein if we suved a morsel of breu.
"nmdiuuey lor the supHir, or if a loa:c
if found on. a prisonr. The 'despei
iiiiuctcrs were trent.'d after another f:n.:.
.11 Dne. for iiistiims-, was kept for nil.
lontlis in sulitary ennliueuieut in one of th
11k cells, and came out blind and insane.
'In the evening llie dins-tor went Ic
11 in N, and usually Ih'.iii Iik iavorite hs-i
.i ion --Hugging. A very narrow liench ;:
011,-nt 01R, and 81 sin the place risouiu!c
ith slineus, while the director hsikeil o:
ul ; unlitl the lashes, smoking a r::t
ne 1 1 eh roils were of exce;itiomd size, u.:
in'ii not iu use they were kept immerse. I 1
atci soils 10 make them more pliant. Aii
in tenth lash the shrieking ceased, an
othmg was heard but groans. Kloggir
1. u.-.:iallv nppliisl in batches, to live, b
ien, or more, and when the torture w.
ver.11 greut pool of blood would roumin 1
iark the smiI. After every such scene "
.id two or throe days of comparative peac,
ie Hogging had a soothing influence on ti:
ii'S'tor's nerves. Soon, however, he weul
ss line lumsi'If again. When hewosdniu.
ml his lelit mustache was drooping 1111.
nip, or when he went out shouting un
auie home with an empty bag, we km i
nut the same evening the rod would Is- -e
t work."-ilifhuul Mulkotr in, Chu-ug
Why r.lrls Ymt ( andv.
American girls eat more randy than tin
4I1U of any other uutiou," said au observin.
ravoler recently to a reporter. "Thoy coin
lence on New ear s day and then continue
atd New Year's eve. Alwnyi candy, some
lines localise it is a birthday, sometimes be
'ituse they meet a friend, sometimes because
t was scut to them. Thev have as many e.v
iisi's for eating ruudy as a muii has fui
"Iiou't fotvign girls eat candy f
"Oh. yes, uud they are learning very fast
o fulow the example of the fair sex ou this
ud of the water. In this country tho Yan
eo girls were tho first to start the fashion.
11 halnt, as it should be more properly culled,
tnd fi-om the east it has spread all over the
iMinii'T now I think the western girls can
10I1I their own against all comers. In Eu-
Mie Uermans, Italians and 8iaiiiards are
reut euu-rs of pralines, chocolate a la
I'reme, sugared almond and crystallized
iruits, French women eat fondants, and
her a man, wheu he escort a lady to the
theatre, must cars with hint a packet of
louceia-s. In Knglund candy eating surted
with sucking caramel or nibbling creines.
Now the weH to do Hritou eau sweets with
lis wine after dinner. They are fond of
'ondunts, nougat, candied mandarins or
laugerlnes and other kinds. Butter Scotch,
mi ley sugar and chocolate are the ordinary,
(very day candies, Soldiei suck almond
ock while doing sentry duty, the policeman
n hi beat usually has a bull's eye orbraudy
all in his mouth, and the Iliitisb tar chews
tn American caramel Instead of the quid of
.ngtail that is-ed to distend his swarthy
:heek in th good old days of England's
'woodou walls.'" New York Mail and Ex
was. Notes ol yurer t lrssluas.
A teacher of Mississippi colored folks has
!wen takiug n'.(s of queer expressious that
ihe has lies id (rum tier pupils aud iu uiwt
nig. and The Autericaun Missionary pub
kslwm tlieio. Here ai- a few; "Uo to the
real physicianer " "1 us consecrated Ive."
.Sheuacrippler." "O Lord, give us good
Sinking tacticHls.' "Th meetiug will bo in
IU Istsiu uf the chun-h." "O Loid. throw
)vwljaid all th load we'se totin, aud th
it us winch iifwt us. "Jog them in remem
brance of their vows," "I want her lo resist
ne witn ttie UTHiing." "1 want all you peo
le to sillier Ui the hell." "Tlier will b no
Swrss'iaiile wople ui beaven n no re
ifwtorol iousi. "I was much diwncour
Igisl "It was said at lu narlment of th
neeting." " take car of three head of
htldren." "W hsv piuj9i through many
bus ssuie aud uuaeeus," New York Suk
CUTTING OFF A LFG.
AMPUTATION REALLY AN EASY AND
I'raelleal urerf In a llo.pltal-A fa
ct,.,,! on th aiirceoii's laid How
ll.morrbaee l l'rev.iild Th Kolf
t Uork The I'ertieps.
Anamputntlon. while a serious If really i
very simple oiieraticu. A layman who sees
an ampiilutioii nf u leg for the llrst time is
sun'""' that there is ubout it so little that
Is slurtling or slioekllig U) hi nerves. He
naturuhy expei'ts U, se serious bomorrungu
and rapid work to prevent the patient's
bleeding to deuth. He is surprised to find
that, on the contrary, it is one of tho most
bloodies operations performed on the ur
goon's labia The llrst leg amputation seen
by th writer was ierformcd upon a man of
middle age, who was suffering from advanced
necrosis, or death of the boiieof the right leg,
just below tlie kuee. Th patient had been
brought into the amphitheatre of the city
h'Mpitol for treatment two week before tb
time of amputation. On tho first occasion
be was not remly to submit to amputation,
illhoiigh the doctor advised It, and the sur
gwin llieii operated upon the bure clianeo 01
Having the limb He found ou examination.
however, that a greut cavity hail formed in
the Isiiie, the first rouse having been au in
jury, and there was hardly a chance of saving
tbr Uuib The patient not having cousonted,
however, to lose the leg, the treatment id
Hint tliu was limited to merely demising tin
wound and closing it up The doctor slated
then that even U the disease was checked mid
acurow o begun. It woum require ai leosi tu
years for enough fresh lione to form to muke
w hole limb.
Mechanical appliance In the way of nrtl
flciaJ limbs are now so skillfully made that a
wisslen leg, as It Is ordinarily culled, is al
most us gotsi as one of tleshtind bone. Il
reriuiuly is not worth two years' time, to a
man in active life to spend in trying to save
a badly damaged leg. At all events, this pa
tieut seems to huve come to that conclusion,
and two weeks after his first uparance lit
was again usin the surgeon's table, and tlit
ntss'ssury instruments for amputation weit
by the side uf the oerulor It wus doomed
uoccNxury to take otf the leg Just alsive tin
knee Joint. The nppliuiice which docs away
with all hemorrhage iu amputation is called
the Diiuarch buudage This is simply a long
belt of India rubber alsuit two uud a bull
Inches wide, which is wound tightly uboul
limb, beginning al a (sunt below where tlu
amupiituliou is to Is? inado. und extending
spirally, lik'. th stripes of a burtsu-'s pole,
but overlapping toward the tssly foi
eighteen incii or more, md then at the
point if the bandage nearest the Issly a stunt
ruhlier "ord is tied vtry tightly ' The rubls-i
bund s then unwound and the limb is left
altogether bloodless uud with the blood ve
tcls 'ightly compressed at the (sunt when
the rubber .urd remains riietirecctf wind
ilig '.lit 'iil ls'i' uluut the liml. 111 this way ii
to drive Hit bi s; 1 Iroiu ail the veins und ar
tern back into the body. 11 id to leave be
hind nothing but '.he Isine 111 1 ti-l:es.
Then 'he eirveon liegins his work. IU
need not hurrv lie has plenty it time to dc
his irk carefully and thoroii.,hiv In tht
.o in sunt lie pr.'i'.ises '.u cut the l.om
nlsmt thrv inches ilsive tLe kias' joint. Tht
flesh was .01111.I ind healthy from the kin
Joint upward md it wus ms-esjirv iu this,
is in ull cues f ainpiitatiou, to so rut tin
tissu s 'hat there would remuin a Hap, as it
urdiuunlv culled, jl llesh which should iniii.
pletcly covir the md of the hone where it
was 'liken otf liking t rather narrow
bladisl sculH'l r surgeou'a knife, diurr
siiuted and vith 1 blade ilxjut I'.' inche)
long. Ii. -il Ily 'Ut the flesh from the knot
nan li igonully upward to the isunt where .u
iroMivxl i, tev.r liu bone md likewise it
he om.sHi'e uli if he limb aia'ting V
shiissl iii'H) in in sich udo f .lu l?g
LhrMib t.1 aj :iss i. a ho bone Nit 1
lrw if blo-sl 'oi'ivvl dj -oursd f th
km'f n 1.. "j r. Vie -urfag if h
tiss'te Ki'irnsti ransiiy iroe m. iuvs. snd
theu .h m.';e,i vis r-id? ise .hj a
T'i s 'iis'.rMin uk il'hmgh. f ourso. if iner
muk. as j'-i vctilr ne mm is -Mt iseil
In 111 v-di.i.irv i.ivu-rs mju tnd r.tit
upf)n 'istsl .5 11 iixnit ,h vim riv ml
vu- ut ruit: is 1 "vivur eouid out
hr nub t ' )f vef This fiiiislfsl '.he vx
ciii' xir ( '.hi iperaciou, and it had
xvupi si si-arHy 1?4 mm res.
The nior- d 'licarf in 1 mor 'edious -art
of the 1 win t ion (jUowdd. TS'j wnipn.
tie'jmtug tip r tlie large and imall hlMii
vessids uud '.yimr up r ligiving rhem Tht
ims)rtant arUrtes and lurger reins were
easily diw-overed and the emk of Miem wizeil
with artery foroois. These otveiw were ip-
phed and Kt hanging to Derh.-i) dozen
hloixl vessels U'fors the lignting (vgaa This
work was done by the surgeon's assistant
It consisted iu tying the ends of the v ses
Just ubove the point where they were gnpied
by ttie forceisj, vitb strong catgut thread
Especially in '.be case of the arteries i . was
neivssary :hat this should bo douo with the
greatest "are, for if for any reason one of
these threads should give way there would
ts the greatest duug.T of the patient's bleed
ing to l.'uth Iwfoitthe hemorrhage -ould bt
checked Aftut '.he blood vessels In siuht
had lssn ".hus til up, the rubber cord which
bound the limb n xu the body was loosened.
and then occurred th nly hemorrhago ol
the entire operation. There remained in the
exposed stump nf the limb fifteen or twenty
small blood vessels which could not be de
tected by the eye while th limb was blood
less, end the location of which was shown by
tha now f the blood Itself. When
the bandage had been loosened, tht
surgeon, standing ready with a hand
ful of artery rerceps, rapidly seized the emU
of the exposed bloodvessels as fast as tht
location of them was Indicated, and in two
or three minutes th hemorrhage wus checked,
and the end of the limb was hung with a
great bunch of curious little steel implements.
1 hese smaller vessels were taken up one at a
ttin by ligatures, in the same manner thr
th others had been, and when the lost hati
been tied, and the last pair of artery forceps
bad been removed, th wound was ready to
be closed up.
It was first treated with antiseptic solution
and powder in order to reduce to a minimum
tbr danger of inflammation and to increase
the cbano of the wounds healing by first in
tention. Theu the two flaps above and below
the bon were brought together over it, and
the edges of th skin were carefully sewed
opsjuie to each other, and the operation was
over It bad occupied altogether about fort ,'
five minute. The patient during this time
remained apparently asleep. The operation
had been entirely painless, and when the
ban.lage had been appbed and the ether roue
reuiov! from tb patient's face, he was
amed front the amphitheatre Just as he
Is'gan to show sign of consciousness. iios
ton Cor. New York Sun.
H Is wise economist who doe not wast
more than half an hour a day in idle gossip,
useless conversation, frivolous amuseineut,
or uier vacuity.
Many a Key West cigar ha a Key Wea
FROM OFFICE TO OFFICE;
TagslMiud IVdd ere Who Thrlv on Small
Profits Uulek Hales.
The bulnss sMrtlou of this city ha from
time immeinoriiil been curioifcly Infwted by
a decidedly original and enterprising crowd
of small traders, simulators and other ad
venturers with whom sligni pniuwouu Mo
saic are a maxim. It i uot only the shoe
string ieddler and such like eheup Jack
who thrive by going from ollico to olhv. but
men of almost every craft. While I was in
one office thootherdiiy a iwrlpatetic phrenolo
gist came In and wanted to feel our buniis.
In another 1 found a corn doctor planing
down the tenant' feet. At another still, a
vagrant sleight-of-hand performer did somo
tricks and passed around the hut, and barbers,
furniture menders, gluziers, carpenters and
puinters travel ubout in search of job and
probably find them.
There is scarcely anything a man cannot
buy down town lu the course of a week, with
out leaving his oillce. Tailors' agents will
measure him for clothes, to be nindo hero or
in London. Venders will supply him with
bat and boots and underclothing; ho can
buy cigars and song birds, and beer and dogs,
and whisky and sealskins for his wife, and
tovs for the youngsters, from the vantage
ground of his ofllce chair. There ore drum
mers who go about scaring up trado for shirt
minufttcturers, and others who offer building
lots, and houses, and furniture for sale on
iio installment plun, while as for tho lino
.its mid literature thry bave their Agents
very where, ready to deal f jt cash or credit,
is (H'cxsion may demand. '
Tne customer of these venturesome tradee
.iion are not drawn from the highest rank
of trade. It is imiosible for a peddler M
get nt a greut llimncier, or lawyer, or mer
chant as it would be for him to enter the
kingdom of heaven by climbing a telegraph
;sile. But there are thousands of men who
iro cngnged in minor businesses, running
.fllcos of their own and easily accessible to
, ho public as it pusses, nt l poll these the
soldiers prey. Wit goes greai. way toward
taking truilo. The vei.der who can talk
veil uml crack a joke with 'adlity will pro.
per even iu the worst of t.mes. There is one
young fellow who sells writing pudauloia
dining the artists and other independent oc
cupants of downtown unices, who might own
piito u snug bank account by this time if lie
1:1 ved tho money ho picks up. Hut, like
,,iost of his kind, ihero is a shiftless strenl; i:i
11111, and ho dis?s not try over hurd to seil his
varcs when he does not actually need money
This seems to bo the weakness of nil of these
'.ugubond industrials. Sutllciont for tho tiny
t the gmxl thereof, ami ample for the man
t that fortune which kee; his want of the
.our supplied There do not seem to bo its
uny women among H:es random nior
hunts us tlicro once were. Even tlio female
i.sik agent is not us numerous us she used to
10. But tho litimlier of men so busied con
Junes to increase with years and, to ull up
urunces, to grow in prosperity with time,
too. Alfred Trumblo in New Yoik News.
Exercise for tbe llllloiis.
As a simple i!! tstratio:i tal:o the man of
6odei!tnry occupation prone to w hat is culled
biliousness. He is assured that he needs ex
ercise, and so enters Usi:i tho practice of
walking four or live miles, or even longer
.li aances, daily. He improves, it cannot but
bu 11 IsMietit to lis six. Stiil, were be to devote
1 part of t'.ie time given to walking ton more
v: ied form of exercise, ho would Und it less
of u task and the gain still greater. To get
the ro-catest gisid out of 11 walk one must
llmg his urnii around und so carry bimscif us
to bring every uuwleof the body into play.
But few people would euro to indulge in such
un e.hiliit:o.i on u public street, mid so when
tne g.'iieraiity of thou walk they tic soulinost
entirely with their legs, inothti words, only
the lower hu'f of the lusty is much exercised.
Tho bilious patient. eicciiilly, needs to exer
cise all pans ulikc, und so draw the blood
from the liver into the muscular system, re
lieving l liar iui;Kii'utlil organ, whicu is moro
or less congested.
Again, lo mechanically compress tho liver
and ussist it to empty itself is ncccss.'.ry.
When a man rides horseback, the liver is
actually churned, us it were, uud that is why
bilious patients derive so much benefit from
that peculiar form of exercise, if a mini
who walks four or Rye miles a day could
give uo longer ti 1110 to physical work than
tlmt, he would do better if ho walked half
the distance und siient wliat remained of his
time 1:1 a gymnasium, or in sawing wood.
Spoiling Ideas with Words.
In reviewing 11 manuscript not long ago I
had ixi'asion to say: "Y'our subject is good,
and well treated in spots, but your matter
should be bo, led down nt leust half. If you
will do this carefully 1 nm sure you can And
a market for your article."
Tho answer to this was as follows: "Tlio
children of my brain tire sacred to me, uud
the cool manner iu which you suggest a gen
eral massacre is nothing less than shocking.
Uptothedato of your letter no editor or
render has ever suggested so much as tfio
insertion of a comma, or the elimination of a
There was moro of this stuff, but tho above
is a suilicirnt sample. Now I know by the
apix'nrunce of this manuscript that it was a
very ancient mariner, indeed. It bad evi
dently mado a number of temixstueus voy-J
ages, remaining with tbe owner on the return
triw ouly long enough for a new invoice of
postage sUitii8. This aper bad been curo
fully read, too, for it possessed real worth,
and 1 was clairvoyant enough to know that
more than one editor had with reluctance
marked it "unavailable," and with a "Why
will writers string out sol Why spoil idea
"Tho pen is mightier than the sword," but
thosoissors and the bli pencil are some
times mightier thuu either. Eleanor Kirk in
Not Ready for It.
In a lefture recently delivered in London
it was stated that type writing was part of
tho regular course in some American public
tubools. Not yet I Many Ikivs and girls have
learned Just enough shorthand in the even
ing schools to kk.'11 "knife" and "light" with
three letters when using long hand, but in
troducing the type writer to ruin their
chirography is oue of the "improvements"
yet 10 come. The type writer is undoubt
edly of very great assistance to some busi
ness men, but a wise teacher would no more
give it to a pupil with an unformed hand
writing than a seamstress would give a sow
ing machine to a child who could not stitch
well. Those who are at once habituated to
laziness never become laborious. Boston
Four Hours a Week.
Four hours a week devoted to any study
by any young man will make him a thorough
scholar in his Secialty long before be is old
Ileal study for four hours a week will have
the most astonishing results. In Ave year
tbe student will have learned to much that
be will bo inclined. In his astonishment at
himself, to think be know all there is to be
known; in ten years he will know what he
dx not know of what is yet to be learned,
iu fifteen years he will be at the front anion;
those who know all that is know n, it Loui
THE VILLAGE DOCTOR.
REMINISCENCES OF THE TIME WHEN
EVERYBODY PRACTICED MEDICINE.
In Former Hay There Was a I'surltj
of Illnesses "Calomel and J,dap,H
fiwratlnn It Out I'm lent. )Vru,j
Aiealnst Cold Water.
If one could disentangle himself from tb
telegraph wires of today, get the shriek of
tbe locomotive out of bis ours and then tat,
a backwurd leap into old plautoUuu times ha
would lie mightily amused. Among the oik.
jwbi o; interest would be the iwntry of t19
greut house, where the housewife kept her
stores. If be peered curiously about ha
would see a certain rather retired shelf on
which would be bunches of herb and roots,
also bottles of decoctions made thereof.
Those were the household remedies, formula
copyrighted by tradition, proprietary to the
family. In the country, where the doctor's
bailiwick wus of extended area and where
drug store were non-existent, everybody
was to a large extent his own doctor. As
consequence be wanted to be everylxxlyelse'i
doctor, while everybody else yearned to b
A PAUCITY Of AILMENTS.
Alasl Uur repertoire of Illnesses was lim
ited, Indeed, compared with today. There
was 11 paucity uf uvuilabla disease. A man
could not poNiibly huve cerebro spinal men
ingitis; it w'u not to be hud If he 'had
iuiu in his chest 110 one soothed bis unguish
!,y ti lling him bo hud pneumonia. The word
pleurisy wii remorselessly flung at him.
Diphtheria was uncomulablo; putrid sur
throat tilled tbut vacuum III the list. If a
man was w beczy and hud trouble with his
bivtithing the rugged word phthisic was
nailed to him; no one dreamed of bronchitis.
Bright s disease luul uot lieeu invented in our
region, and people's hearts never troubled
them save when in love. Hence old time
ieople, when they came to die, hud a con
tracted list of ailments from which to choose,
uud they died us they lived, plain aiid uuru
uiuutio. When the uniateur doctors of the commu
nity desired assistance theu the village doc
tor wasculltsl iu, and becotitliied himself to
two remedies calomel -and julap adinmis
.ercd by Hm shovelful. There must have
Issiii n full in the price of these drugs wheu
the lust of these doctom died. If a man
sprained bu ankle, wus bitten by a mud dog
or hud a sick headache ho wus told to take
calomel or jalap; if he refused and died, it
served him right. If he took them and died,
it was evidence tbut no human power could
save him. Castor oil and paregoric souie
innes upeiired, but they were dwarls com
pared to calomel and julup. The only rem
.slies leiirod were the private remedies of the
sjple. The moment uu old woman thought
-he could make a valuable metiiciuo out of
s ime herb or herbs, she burned to administer
it'lo some sull'ering neighbor.
1 he gissl Sumurilan, Mrs. Perkins, often
walked mile to urge the use or snake rout
tea ill tlie includes to bring the disease rapidly
to the surface. An old negro, Aunt Kitty,
i:,ude a salve for suivs tlmt was very famous.
Its principal constituent wi duck's fui, but
tiiw fowl must Is? Killed at u certain phase of
the moon uud Hie tut melted over a tire
kindled with certain sorts of wood. As this
salve wus said to work miraculous cult's, it
may lie 11 los to Immunity that the astro
nomical and bouiiiicul ccrels of its manu
facture were not H-rK't Hilled.
SWEATING OUT DISEASE.
There was a multiplicity of remedies for
colds, uml they generally wore bused on
sweating out the disease. Boneset tea, tea of
wild cherry bark, onions stewed with sugar,
and vinegar und molasses ull had their warm
dvocut.es, but u highly esteemed remedy
wr. 11 Thoinsoniun mixture Uurin z the rather
indefinite name of "J inssiliun." There
was nothing undefined ubout its taste or
;!riHt, however. It was uf 1111 anient, im
imlsive nuture. It burned the tongue when
tirst tasted, then itchurred the winilpianu
liver as it went down, und finished by par
boiling tlio soles of the feet. Its form was
rausing a sweating, and it did its duty to the
letter. It brought tl.o cold out, and it
brought tbe ofiginul sin out, and the heart'
lecretsoiit. Nothing that could lie moved
rested U-neiith tlio cuticule niter a composi
One old idea of the dix-tors has greatly
changed the objection to their patients
drinking water. No mutter how much the
invalid craved it ho wus told that even a
mislenite indulgence would bo futul mid the
attendants were solemnly warned to turn a
ieuf ear to his entreaties. At tho tender age
if ten year 1 aimed the first blow at the
anti-water regime, and it happened in this
uiHiiuer: I was visiting on a plantation and
the planter's father, a man of advanced
veal's, was at deuth's door, ow ing to a pro
tracted case of dysentery. Day by day the
aid mun drew nearer to the grave, and the
family awaited the coming of the destroyer
with sad hearts. The one desire of tho dying
man was a draught of cold water from one of
the sparkling springs which abounded on the
furm. No traveler, sand blinded oud thirst
stricken iu the arid tlesert, could have cried
more piteously or more unavailingly, for tlie
doctor bad declared a draught of water fatal
to the sick mun, aud had sternly commanded'
the family to refuse his requests.
One morning I was iu his room, for he dearly
loved children, and he begged uie to stealth
ily fetch hi 111 a pitcher of water from tbe
spring. I hesitated, for while no oue bad
forbidden me to give him water, I knew tbe
family refused it to him. Theu the old man
asked me to bring bim his watch from oS
Ihe table. I did so, and he told me I should
have it if I would bring bim a pitcher of
water. Tbe watch was of silver, as large
a small saucer, and I longed to posses such
a treasure, I brought the water. At times
I try to think bemanity made me bring it,
but then 1 think of the watch and doubt
The old man swallowed the pitcher's con
tents at a draught and died teu year after,
of old age, and I have tae watch yet. "J.
r" iu Philadelphia Time.
At tha Haiti of Cill'.furd's Court lions.
There are many incidents connected with
the battle which are mostly embalmed ouly
iu tradition and deserve a most iastiug plo
in history. With CoL Washington's cavalry
was a volunteer tnxiper from Virginia,
Totcr Francisco, a giant in size, and with
the courage and strength of Kichard U
Lion Hearted In a short encounter iu tlut
bloody corner of the field when WashmgwJ
joined the First Maryland in its attack upa
CoL Webster guards, he slew, wilbbJ"3
hand eleven men. His sword was over tul"
feet in length, and o heavy that uot auolhsf
man in the army could wield it. One 0.' U
guards, despite Fraucisco' parrying, ra
his bayouet into tho latter thigh, p. -rcinj
him to bis horse. Francisco forbore to sir.r,
but assisted him to extricate his bayonet. A
tbe soldier t urned and lied Francisco ma
a furious iroke with his mighty blade a"1
cleft the guardman' head U b. sbouHer.
Tbe force of the blow, added to the soluirr
speed scut biia on a number of steps, wia
bis cleft head hanging Uju eoch &t(u!J
before he felL There w.-re many wituo
ol this occurrence. IlaJeih Letter.