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About The Eugene City guard. (Eugene City, Or.) 1870-1899 | View Entire Issue (Nov. 26, 1887)
TIMES HAVE CHANG FO.
BOYS OP THE PAST AND 8POVTS
OF THE OLDEN TIME.
The "rr'ifrulnnul Nine" of Tm!tI.
TenoIv-VmliU fur Money M-ikera T'i
Hollil Way of JYgoiiti lti-llnw
C'liiigcil Are Oar Iileu.
Tint Micro nro boy of the oMon tiinenomo
whore lit tint country I dare say, nud I dnro
ny there irowimo Im-itlilloti where xrf of
the olden tlnio pre in vogtin, but It In evident
to tin cv.iiul ohoorvyr that u the fry, by
which I mmii !iv!, liavn changed in looks, in
strength, In hitbite-, in iut. m liava tlio
port v( tlio count!') material; and signifl
cutitly biuntl during the post twouty-flvo
No linvjivill tlionl
liTln-i.'i.v, baseball. Every boy played bnse
balL Vi us-d to go out in tlio field in tho
coun.:-y, ji viv-di.t lot lu lle city, or to
the piayproun -I Ini'k of the tcbol, tut our
bihc umi iih.y our game, ami a nullity good
time wo hud of it.
Hut who play baseball today)
Oil, no. The professional nine. ?Iim who
re j'uiil to ..sMIilt their power:, men whom
to n oir.cllme n many n 10.000 or l.'.OVO
people avfiuhle In a vast area with prepare I
Mli nml imerved choirs, uud nil Clio pur
pint nuiii u( a first rhvn race course. Lit
tle xiv allll piny baseball in tlio utiwt,
m'IiiI l:ny piny it on their grounds, but base
ball lieixuno a national game, ami rolunin
Afttrroliimii tells the lniy of this blue, that
nine, these giant, 'I'0"' Indians, until the
rcniUr who lm no Interest In this sort of
IU'ii,; throws down bit xipcr i:i disgust, anil
won lrr if tlit'i't wiisevor such n mania in
tL'.-. i'1.1: iw'sl to have tulioi piMKitjoii of
tWAf TiirMtt rai'iirh.
K'am J'! you 3t luur o.' Iwn tonnil
T. c;.ii-irs lo ilirco ivnt piwo Hint you
d'.d, Sii-or .f it In n j 0'i iters n Uiy. 1'irr
hi yrfj 1K11 1 kiit wjmi it i n m: but fur
til (bat Ch a.o lliounan Is of hum anil
i:i'cr, b.) an I clrl. rilv.itr'll- dres-icil,
jri-l-quol;' iia;i'0!ioil, devoting tlioir i t
li'tj i it'itiili:.'i.' to throwing bull iicv r.iiln'r
I till t,.LI. Ilud llUVIIIg (ii'll lli'-0 tVJlOH nil
'( t n try.
I:..vu r.u "y Men bow mtiny yncbU tlioro
e;t In t: country, ruiigiiij; fi-nm twenty
t.n i t u cnliiior of a fl.it I'biM ociaii
vurr'U t I a i Informcil thnt llicrcnroio
liw tli-n O. t;9. That rep:i cnti nn Imnwii
lilyo liiv-sliiii'iit am! vast niuby nml iuili
eatM n lunitby lvo of lifo, wbiili iiimt of
litHiwiity Iihvj ! ulfact uihiii tint hi owtli nml
M-"ii!;lli if tlioio wbo Indulge bi ynclitlu.
U. ti'i ;; bad cnlboata, ynivN, wii.
bo.'ktn; no r. oii of millioimiiin liuo yuebU
wbicii but it fi ymiii Ajji) would linvo bevn
Ciiii-i li'ie.I linppiiiil, nml tbeir fntlioin belt
the glolie in nU-iiinvn on trliosa din-k it rvi
input mllit c:illy nmnouver. Tlio tiioiin-nt
a nmii'j bund loomi nbovo the ordinury lovol
ho r'ui':liiUHi a yitobt,
Ociiuiully boi, tarfly plrauri.
And tbiit t p.v.'tioubi: ly true mid particu
larly Mi'.nlllcnnt in ruslnf of Willi jtivot,
Btiilii uti'iwt, u:id o her money cmiut'.
Win n brokon iiinko moiii'y at n l they
nuiLe It fast. "Ka.it cnim, lit go, ' li it well
iiHo'tilwd rule, and broker n(ur broln-r bun
wiLliin lh p.iht tcu yearn (h.mted nl priviito
linal froiii tlio iniut of bin private yaebt.
l'licn Im finis, koinebndy elm t(.kci Ilia yac''t
and a ililForeiit nlfiml fliiuiith but it (luuuU
All tin kiiihs
TU OLD AND ROMD W',
I Imvea bock lit my work library called
"Uivns Fortune'," prmU'il ear.y tnenly
yeni ny, tvliiob tells of tlio slr.i,''' of tlio
nicivli.uiii, cnplliilisti, invent ji iltorury
men, wlia iav altiilned phenomenal good
Anion olhem 1 dud tbo nanien of Stephen
Ciirnld, Jiibn J. Amur, A. T. Stewart, Anion
Iiwivinx, Joii.i Cliiokorin?, Oeorgo Tn
UmIv, Clmrlci Gnodyear. Eiiiw Hone, Jr.,
lUcliaiil llovvi, S-iinnel Colt, Jninen Ilurpor,
Jaim-i (birdou r.ciine! t and Holiert lloiinur.
It will intoient iny rsador to ntudy t!m
lives of tli(o men.
Not ono of tbeiu 'prnns Into nl upend -in
triuinpli, not ono of ilni'.int bis fruit witli
nii t Hist tillin:; hU i.iou.id, not oik of Ibeiii
flow bin kite until be ninilo it. Tliey wero ull
rirli men, fiiilntanl al men, and their tureen,
their iriuuiph'i. aiilitl ilia upbuilding of eon;.
Iliutiiiies, tlio ildviiii'Viui'iit of neionee, tho d
vib'piiuiitof trval, lirond ideas, tho uplifting
of humanity nnl ihn devt lupmeul of int.
They wer nil of koiiiu n-rviee In their i!.i",
and not one of thorn over failed for $'J.,Co6,
OOJ. Their money win In mdid, lulntantiul, get
' atnlilo ouh.
Their property won built upon tbo rook of
honor mid integrity.
In everything chunked t
When tb Mood liri lus; but and tho high
flying ImiII worn transformed into ft witud fur
making money and a golden aplim for which
to ti j;1 it ; wbon tutilUat.t wero trunvfornie.'i
into unlit uprodiiiK uteitmeni; when our boya
beeiime dnden, nnd tho ainukiiig bean wn
c)ian,;iU into o cigaivtti, did cvoiyihiug
Did tho code of inornli In Wall at root? Did
the hiihiU and euitonw born and tentovl by
tb vxporieneo of n century In tiiulcchan Jo
s Wo think nothing now of rcaJIn; In tb
piin'r that by doit manipulation Mr. Gould
made an a. Mil ion to Ilia tremendous pil of
t.V(M),00l) nt a single tnki; It caun no ur
pi in., iiuikea very littlo talk, when w i-ond
tlint Cyrim V. Kiohl dropped u a ainglo
tiiuiv.-lion t7,(KK,0(Kl. The flippancy with
wbieli t tiponk of nionunient.il nunii of
money allow bow rnmplotoly cbangoit ai
our idea from the tmio when flil,0cX
aoemad an adiHpintti eonipvtem''. Joo How
ard in Hot-tun Uiobo
QUICK LINGUISTS IN ru-a.
llonj HmigA tnmla It
Ill awry "JbintJO boiifo or pi of bol'
liui, ox.ii hi tii) aninpnu that a nl tbo
bip, la tho fhi no, if altar, U-foro wbivh
Jomiiick rrj turned; Iwo a-a lOblHtM.nd
laivaand ;.!.!. a nnd rurloini.y c.i'tid nma
luoiita. Tlio Phi'icno bar a uivei'Hity i f r
li;ioiih, m no r.o, l et nomohow or i,u,i.r I'.-ey
all aooi'i a'iro. I bo goi.tral t-rm for 'it In
pigi on nuilli!; it "Jcli I'igHiii" i.
buint. I ! ir?rd 'Jmll,, like ninny other,
in from the Fatuguiwe, tha Hint Kiiropennii
'.hat cam to CliIliA, ioi.I m n enrruption f
Duo (God or Di-llj), I ludiev. I'igeon or
pijun in r. near nt tho Chinemt mil get tu
"bu!iu." And tin minimi tlinlei't it ouo
of tho Klrnngo tiling lo tliH iieieohi.T.
Miw Uird very in ntly call It baby bilk. It
I a very niugiilnr corruptiun of r.nll.li. Hlio
oalUt it iilMimiiiiible, but I like It. J lie jx-oulo
all fall (uto II citKily, and tbo grave mer
chants, Chii.cso nnd Kugliiili, Oemmu or
AinerViiM. Ml enrry on tlieii I iu!nes ai
tlioii;h ll.rro woro no otlior in tho world.
I lil.o it beenn if aiuuat. u R'nkea
mo Iniib; and anylliing ti.it n.ike
hi nnrry tx'Uv a myX laugh i
gooil, If tbo mail a jiLRt In, and
I nUlail my Mtura, I uliould y 'o my
f.'inipnn insii' "Sum, my wntn:b"o jci; go
biimidc, tbf f k"H'hiing houtM-, i.n l bulteo ha
my wan n.y lottrr chop-oliop!" 'Sata, I
wih on tt go iiii to MrniiK Uuknuli 02 C j. a
anil nk th:'.i. to aond mo my luttur. quiek."
It ll nUk!H.!:i bow readily tbo Cliln.KO Ull'
diTxtond eytlilng you with. Koioigtl
Mwinifiti.tiiro of Cbainpiigno.
ChAiiiuig)io in A ur curt for tbo lioad-
aoho. Tbnt may not bo y.'tir cxiK-rit-uco, bat
it I true i.'ivi rtbeiem," rmarl:nl n promi
nent Cnlifiirningliipegroworiiinl wlneilculer,
a ho tnlkiil of tint ilitTnvnt proeoasea for
niauufiu'iui ieg l;io. "When a follow goea
out tc a MippiT, nint gi'tn up next niorninij
ivitii a bi h. .el, yon i an rent anurml that ho
didn't drink puis I'hinnpaiin. 'It is not nil
gold that gliitoi.' neiiber i it all champagne
(but ijiurkliii. I will put puro chain, agno
ngnint all I lie mednlnen of tho tvorl4 a a
vniwly for neuruigin.
"How do they inal.e champngne! Woll,
you iniii-t reniuiiiU-r thut a good deal '.if what
labeled eliain agiui it doctored with car
olio uelil ga. Lut tlio real ntnfi U made by
a mixtur c( fcoia or n oii different winia
rawlo from oi'rtaln varieties of forvign gr.-iies.
The wine uio flt inudo oiiii'ati, each from
a aearnto ginpc, then they an blended to
gethcr for t.vt'i nnd bouquet In cvrlain pro
(Kfllions, woll underxtood by wiiiotnokcr.
The bleiulol wlni'b uro then bottled nnd cork-
ed, and uudero a procoraof fermentation for
two yea in. Tho bottlea are then opoi ed, the
odiment blonu olf, the wine U relwittlcd on I
aweetetiud with a rwk randy sirup In propor
tion as It I wanted for dry or extra dry. It
U tlioii eorl.iii up and allowoil to stand for
six mouths, w hen it Is ready for use.
''No, ihey don't inal.e liottlesintblscountnr
strong enough to hold champagne. Tho
prcKsuro In the flrxt fevnioiitut.ou is from
ninety to 100 pound on ibo fqunro inch of
gluM, so you niny know it takes a strong
quality of :1iim to hold the liquid. Tb cork
ued in a cbnuiiagiio bottle la brought from
Spain. "-St. Tuul Globe, '
THE STAFF OF LIFE.
HOW BREAD 13 MADE IN VARIOUS
PARTS OF THE WORLD.
Flmt Great llnllrund Accident.
The first great accident on anv railroad oc-
eurifd Dec. 1!4, 1M1, on tho Orcat Western
railway in England. That day a train carry
ing thirty-eight passengers vtna moving
through n thick fog nt n high into of apoetl.
A iiin.w or enrui lnnl slipiej down from tho
slope nbovo and covered ono of the roils to
the depth of two or thmi feet. The engine
pliiugeit into this and was immediately
thrown from the track, and lustnntlv the
whole rear of the train was piled n;i on the
top of tho Hint carriage, which contained all
the passenger)), eight of whom were killod
and seventeen wounded. The Coroner's jury
returned a verdict of "Accidental death in all
tlio com, and a dcodund of 1,0X) on tho en
gine, tender and curringtu."
This feature of "deodaud'' beloii" to tho
old common law, which declared tbrt when
ever nny personal chattel wag tbo oocurioii of
death it should ho forfeited to the king, not
only that part which immediately gives tho
wounds lint ail tilings which niuvo with it
are forfeited. Down to 1817. when nnrliti-
incut abolished the practice, coroner's jurice
in England always assessed adcodatid ngidnsc
the locomotivo Involved in nn accident,
which, of course, tho company had to payoa
a fine. Chicago Triliuuo.
The Swelling of tlio Oyster.
Oysters, it seems, inny bo swollen very con
siderably by allowing them to lie nt.LIlo in
water. IW this nienim, Frofessor Atwater
tells us, "tho body of tho oyster ncqcirts such
a plumpness nnd rotundity, and it biiiic and
weight are so im rensed, as to materially in
crease its sellinsr value." ,
Now, tbo tiniplo oystermnn, ns will ns the
unsophUtlcntid cui,toii(fr, bns supjiosed that
this swelling t r "fattening" of the oyster rep
resents mi in.tunl gain of tlesh nnd fat. Hut
the professor rudely dipels this tln-ory by
the crushing explanation that tho iucivaso of
volume is lu-t nbut would lie expected from
the osmose of dialysk Subjected to this ter
rifying pince a Avo quarts of oysters grow to
six, but the eitr.i quart Is wnter and not fut
liesn, mid the denlor "olTein his customeis no
more nutritive material indi-ed, a trifle leas
iu the six quarts tknn bo would have douo in
tbo five quarts if ho bad not (looted thcni."
tavern ot plump mid juicy saddle i-ca Us end
other "soloeu," will plejiso hml thi discovery
of the wise innn, and act aivoiiliugly. New
lora commeivi.il Advertiser.
Tlia I'utnre of Enrmnh.
There eun be no reaiionab'io doubt 'that
there is a prosperous futur awaiting tlint
rich and b unt il ul country. The marvelous
rhitnge that baa come over Mnndalay, even
In the few months since annexation, Indicate
what may Ik bxiked for over the wholo land,
regit, will, a surface of about -'7,(100 squiu-e
mile, hinl In ISM. or live years after iu an
liexntion, a population of only about 750,000;
in ISM Ibis had Increased to S.iWVtuKl Alumi
HXVXHt aci ur reclaimed every year from
Ui juiikle and brought under cultivation,
and Ibia province is now t': grcatimt rice
lu-oihn iiiir iimntrv In the eat. hiuI H i,i
pr;:cei.ia mid pioK-r.i, imrtlnu cf the
Indian empire. Upper llurmeh and the
siibonlinato ituUx. with an an of itcm-lv
S),0tiO u,iin miles. -that K a eot.ntry a
liir;-,e a rrnnee liave a population i-stiniatcd
nl only !l Is 'ft si Unnor lliirmah ! i.nl liLo
lter Ibirmah, a giwit rice Odd; but there
are large traeta under rice eullivitCen, And
then. ! Imiilly a imihIii.-I of a tni.i.l or
a t iiH rnte climate for abh-li . pint of
ihoctMiim yor other may 1st .i.;M.-
loo-ioii I uo,-t.
The Kng'.i.di cittab; Shtiimt Uenartunl
.t.i uvoueiv a!;lii.-l. ii lsenvlr Uinta
isUr U u no cIcuk guiitt.J letolxr.
re' Cuneeriilng Suicide.
Ot the tula! suicides ill a Vear. over V) nor
cent oci i.r auring the hot months of June,
July and August. Tbo melancholy days of
autumn, the suddost of the year, arc's! raiigcly
not condemned to self destruction, yet one
would think so. I flirur it out Hint men
drink more in the summer, and consequently
tuey aon t. s;eep wen. lou win noti-e that
niit suicides occur In the early morning.
The testimony always shows that the act bns
been preceded by a sleepless night, with con
sequent brooding over real or Imaginary
trouble. Irishmen rarely commit suicide.
That is because they ar brought ipln uiue
rases out oi ten ns tatholiea, and have tb
iear oi mo muire before them. Americans
commit suicide to avoid diurraco. or whit
broken up nervously at the end of a debauch.
i nere is no ense on record In this olllce of a
negro committins suicide, nor bnve I mrrr
heard or read of one any where. Coroner iu
riionia fcUrena Tells of Bread lie ITa
EaUn In Various Cnnntrlr Purlnf Ills
Fainons blryele Tour ln Alntlo Coun-
llorlng a Squara Hula.
A man in Iowa has spent fourteen years in
Solving the lUXbk'ln of ImriniT k ni,.r,u 1...I..
and be ha unweded. A company is orgmi
m to put ins invention on the market It it
simply on oscillating bind with -hiel ed;;m
and projecting lip. which cut out the CHiicrs
111 advance o( the chisel. The
machine is nn n!ni..t exact couuteritai t of !
oia sty,.-, Is.i nig niaclime. It w ill mi a two
by Tour mortise in from four to live .h,u!-
and dulug it with iierre.-! ncvuracT, thtt a car
penter cannot il,ly cojupku" la Ui t'tu
aalf an hour.
Tb fact is there are no two countries In
the world where the people make and rat the
tHino kind of bread. This Seems a rather
broad assertion to make, but is. nevertheless a
true one. Even in such cloiely kindred coun
tries as England and America there exists a
decided difference of opinion In regard to the
consumption of this staple artirlo of food.
The American custom of eating buculls hot
as they ran be handled from the oven U re
garded by Joint Bull, Eq., with even a
greater measure of disfavor than that of
swallowing big tuinbleiaof ice water at our
meals. lh: Cull, ho of the ccllurful of due
old dusted port, the daily round ot roast
liecf, carrots, mince pie and Gorgouzola
cheese, thinks the thinness, tit nervousness
and the dyieia of hi Cousin Jonathan
comes largely from these twin evils of hot
bread and ice cold wnter.
In France the ordinary loaf assumes the
proportions of n roll the size of a man's fore
arm, and four feet long. Iu nny French vil
lage, about meal times, grown ieople and
children may lie seen walking sedately along
the streets willi a four foot stick of bread
thrust under each arm. A careless youngster
sometime forget himself to the extent of
letting the hindmost end of the stick trail
along the ground.
Not until one gets down to the principali
ties of the Balkan enlnsula does any really
noteworthy Innovation occur. Here ono
Amis the medium liel ween Asiatic and Euro
pean methods of making breid. The mo-
dium, however, Is far from being n happy
one; no moro execrable bread Is to U found
the whole world round than is served up to a
traveler at the wayside mehaiias of Bulgaria,
Brides being villainously heavy and well
nigh black, it is conrso and repulsive, almost
as wet saw dust to the palate; (ami, more
over, enters very largely into its conqxisition
from carelessness in handling and milling the
This style of bread confronts the disgusted
European traveler for the first 200 miles bo
yond the Bosphorus, nutil one gets pretty well
out of the Greek nnd Bulgarian ft tllemenrs
in western Apatolia, where another decided
change is experienced. Here wo come sud
denly into the realm of the simon pure un
leavened variety of Asifl. Bread i now called
rkmek, and takes the form of flat cakes or
sheet about two feet in diameter and the
thickness of ordinary blotting paper. The
necessaries for the preparation of this ckmek
are coarse wheat flour, water, mixing trough,
rolling pin, a large thin gridulo and a slow
burning substance called tezek tor n flro.
Taking these simple ingredients outside the
house early lit the morning, the Turkish or
Armenian female kindles the fire, mixes tbo
dough, roils it out, hakes it uud stacks enotipi
ot it up to serve her household for tho day.
When fresh and warm this oread is tou'h nud
c'.nggy; a few days later it loses something of
its clogginess, but retains its toughness, and
as it advances in age it tiecomes brittle and
hard. It is as Indestructible, healthful and
useful an article of food as the hard tack
issued to the ancient mariner and.tho old man
of the sen.
In Asia Minor, as In all other countries,
however, the luxurious requirements of city
bred ieople demand some kind of improve
ment on the ways and methods of country
bumpkins, camel dt ivem and goat herds.
Therefore, In gratification of tbeir epicurean
tastes, the ingenious oriental baker bns con
ceived nnd prepared littlo hoops or rings of
bread about the size of toe rope quoits aboard
nn Atlantic steamer Tbeso novel prepara
tions aro made of ftuor nnd w hiter, flour than
tho ekmek, and mo rendered li;;ht and aristo
cratic by the addition of sour dough or other
This sort of bread prevails throughout the
cities of Asia Minor, and the uso of ekmek
estendj eastward among tbo peasantry of
western Ferula as fur ns Tabrcez. Here tho
staff of life undergoes another trnnsfoinm
tion, and In many respects a change for tho
better. Tho mine ot tho Persian ciiy bazars
is really very excellent bread, most Euro
peans giving it preference over every other
kind they are acquainted with. Nune is
turned out for proper consumption and ap
proval in tho forms of flat cakes a foot brcud
and three to four feet long. Tho baker tokes
n lump of dough of the proper sizo and rolls
it dexterously into the proper shape and thick
lion on bis bare forearm. Ho then flips a
'light shower of water over its surface, and
witli a masterly toss spreads it over a bed
of heated pebbles.
Contuct with the almost redhot pebbles
quickly converts it into a cake of nicely
browned Indentations and spongy risings,
that render it almost as light as if leavened
with yeast The peasantry of eastern Persia
nnd Khornssan make a coarse imitation of
this saiuo form of bread, which U nlro very
palatable and wholesomo when enteu fresh.
The cakes are uunller and thicker thnn those
of the city baker; and their baking appara
tus' U altogether different The oven Is a
huge, upright earthenware jar. This it
heated to the proper consistency by inserting
live coals and covering up the top. The
dough being patted out Into a coke by the
hands, the woman sprinkles it with water,
dal it against iho iusido wall of the jar nnd
then quickly replaces this cover; in a few
uiinutts the enko fa nicely baked. In Af
ghanistan the people adopt the Toman
method of bread muking, without possessing
tho same skill or exercising the mi mo care and
troublo in its preparation. Thomas Stevens.
Life Saving Apparatus of lielndeer Hair.
A Norwegian cuclneer. Herr V. P. Mot lor.
of Drauimen, Norway, having bad his atten
tion drawn to the extreme buoyancy of rein-
ueer lia.r, lias succeeded In constructing
various articles of this material for life sat
iuctatsea. with which soma intrn'raiinnr .
perimetits were recently made. The first lifo
saving oojecv trieu was one which can lie
used on board ship as a choir, bedstead or
couch, but which in cast of need mav be con
verted into a small boat This apparatus
was louiia cnpnoio or supporting three full
grown men iu the wnter, nlthouj;h only In
tended to bear two. Another object tried
wa a suit made entirely of refiideor hair,
and covering the entire Uxly except tho face,
and iu which a man floated on the water
without hnviiiL' to niako tlio ih-l.t.-it
meut It was found perfectly iinpossiblo to
uivo m i ue uross. i bo Uilrd object tried was
a doormat made of reindeer liflir. nml Ihitt
supported a mnn easily, although be was
dressed ill full outdoor clothing. On com
paring lifo belts made of reindeer hair with
similar ones of cork, it wns found that the
lorinor wero much bchter than tho b.ttnr.
very inirtant advantage to nn exliuus.1
drowning p, rson wneti he has to put it on in
the water. Heir Mollert assertion that ivln
divrMr ij capaSl of su:norii:,-n w.iM
ten times its own was fu.iy home outly
mose experiments, u vhould Ik- ,miod out
that j n-kt belts, etc., made or reindeer hair
a;v so.'t and pliable, and lliat they impart I
k'si mai oi wai uua luiuou trou.
"ON THE ROAD."
Eiperletiee of Jlen Who Are Koreed t
Travel Kvery Day.
Then there is another large group who are
on the road" nearly every day. These nit
the men whose mixine, trades or calling nit
in town and whose dwelling nouses or fniiuly
placet of abode for the time being are out nl
town, nt the shore or In the country. On thij
class olwerviitioiis may be made. 8onu of
them make a dreary and tiresome job of
their dully Journey to and fro, especial y II
the ride takes an hour or two. They bury
(lmHves in iln", or they mnke futile ef
fort to rend prolltlen and trashy "light liter
ature," or they resort to the smoking ar,
or they piny cards all the way; or they nt
once set to work to try to go to sleep, and nil
"to kill time," And so make a wearisome labor
or fovcruh fret of the trip. And, in fact, It
is a monotonous, dull nud very tedious bind
nesswith them as they work it a profitless
expenditure of time. moMs of thorn getting
very tired of It before tbo summer l over.
There Is a "remnant." however, who go
"on the road" to Ijetter purpose, who ilnn'l get
tired and who don't try to "kill titno" iu nny
of the ways already mentioned. 0'ioof tins
group we havo in mind at this moment. Dur
ing several months of tho year it happens
that he is obllireil to bo on the rond twice
every day, bit workshop and his d'velling
place being In Uiose months two hours' truve!
apart He miikts the trip to the city early Id
the morning uud back in the evening, and
while he is by no uicnns a youth he never suf
ff.ni ennni In the train, never seem to be
tired and, in fact, never is tired on tho ron'L
When asked bow that cornea ahout ins on
..... .... -.... i
swer is: "iii-oii' .o. ine most a.vuriiv rat i
get, exec t when 1 am m bed asleep, is lUiri'ig
the two hours of the railroad ride homo in tbo
afternoon mid evening. When I settle down
In the car chair I throw olf evervH:;:;g tl.nt
has nn? sJnin of thougl't in it I look t the.
Ilelds nnd foe, the coin .wl tho clover, the
pencil orchards and tho mlalo pat-l;e, t'.tn
berry Holds and the vineyards, tlio gapJvi'a,
lie barnyards and the cnttl j-twu-w. inu
snug farm homes and tho cozy ci;tiago nomcs
ulong the village roads, tho vtH ilo.vers
and the wild birdR. the pretty r. wc-
stntions, the. parterres, and tln virl ! inn-
curious jrroups of peoplool nil dejrrip.i. ns
coiigit-gnte'l nt the Ktiitions. I bavo a 'pati-
Ing ai qui'.titunce' with everything on uat
road, unltiuite nnd inanimate, and every d i.v
I see tbein under sorao frosh aspect ftome
new lutere.t is nlwuys coming to notice. T.io
restfuliie-s of it all Li so iierluci nnd a olule
tlint you must try it liefore you can under
IVh.'ii asked about the "time" taken up m
the two daily trips he said: "Yes, of course,
there's a great cxpenso of time, j could not
allord to siiend four hours out of the working
day that way, so I divide them, devoting tho
two hours to the shore uf tor the day's worn is
over to perfect rest, nnd putting tho two
hours coming up In tho morning to worlc,
and I can do three hours' work easily in those
two when fresh 1'. tho morning. It is won-
lerful to find how letters and pni3r and
memoranda about business nlTairs tlint were
puzzles and diffleullies to know what to do
w lib during tho busy hours of the day before
clear themselves up nnd almost dispose of
themselves when the mind is fresh and mi-
and active in tho early morning on the road."
A TYPEWRITER'S WOES.
COMPELLED TO STAND A BATTERY
OF PITILESS QUESTIONS
How They Farm In Clilll.
Farming iu Chili is conducted on the old
feudal system. Tlio country Is divided into
great estates, owned by people who live in the
itics nnd seldom visit their hni-icndas, as
they nie called. Tho tenants are pei mnticnt,
nud have retainers in the form of little cot
tages and gardens, for which they pny no
rent If tho landlord requires their services
they aro always subject to his call, and are
paid by tho day or month for whatever Inbor
they perform, generally in order upon the
supply storo or commissary of tho estate,
where they can obtain food, clothing and
other nrlicies, and rum especially rum. They
are given . mail credits at these stores, nnd ns
the law prohibits a tenant from leaving n
indlord to v.-liom he is in debt, tho former is
never permitted to settle bis nccouut. Tbs
peons never get ahead. They live and die ou
the samo estates and in the sumo cabins where
tbeir fathers nnd grandfathers lived and died,
nnd know nothing of the world or tho condi
tions of men iii otiiid them. Although they
aro badly treated in most cnse, they nre nl-
wnys loyal to their ninstei-s and tuke their
(leouage ns a matter of course.
The wnr with Fern hnd a demoralizing ef
fect upon the agricultural population, from
which the nrmy of Chili wns recruited, and it
will require ninny yenrs to recover from it
When they returned from the wnr it was
found almost impossible to get the men back
to the estnncins. They were enamored of mil
itary life, and bad got a taste ot city dissipa
tion, nnd a lnrge proportion of thearmy, when
it was mustered out, tiecame thieves, beggnu
mid highwaymen. There is not enough labor
iu tho country to work the farms, and the
lack has not only caused higher wages to lie
pnid, but bus done much to break up the old
system. Im i igrntiou is encouraged, labor
saving machinery is being introduced from
the United States, and new conditions nre
promised. But Iho estancieros who adopt la
bor saving machinery have lo get some Im
migrant to operate it, ns the nalivo can sel
dom be induced to do so, aud when ho docs,
usually smashes tho Implement at the first
trial. Harper's Magazine.
Exerelse During Itot TCeather.
A wheelman it-marked recently that be did
not believe the people who abstained alto
gether from active exertion got along ns well
during tho inlenso bent as those who kept up
then- regular habits of exercise. "My leisure,"
said bo, "conies in almost the hottest part of
the day, but 1 take a spin of eight miles or
so almost every day and get up a glorious
perspiration. hen one Is dressed for it.
fow degrees of additional bent don't make
much difference, and on a wheel one nearly
always gets a breeze. After a bath in water
just from the hydrant, a rub down and the
assumption cf dry clothing, I come down
stairs feeling like one of the neighbors, 50
per cent better than if I had been sitting in
tho shatle funning myself all of that time.
It seems to me my plun is better thnn that c'
the feliow s who choose the cool of the eveuiiic
for their exercises, and then, without a
change of clothing, sit upon a piazza until
they get chilled. Moreover, the plunge into
cold wnter is as much fun as the spin. It is
never too not to take ie's daily exercise, in
this climnte. at any rate." Buffalo Courier.
The N'lclit Clerk's Responsibility.
Manager Shepherd, of Minneapolis, fa
qnoiea ns saying:
"One ot tho most responsible positions In a
hotel is fiat of night clerk, and yet that is
wlieiv Is gtnners serve their apr.rentiecshio.
For lit least eight hours the niht c'.erk has
exclusive control i f the hot! He has no one
to turn to in rose of an emergency. If any
thing hapiiens he mut rely solciv uoon hi
own Judgment, f r be has no lime to call
upon nny one. Tho most serious thing that
can Implicit, of course, is fire. The safetv of
oil the patrons iu the house is dependent utwi
the conlnes nml judgment of the nisht clerk.
A level bonded man who doon"t lose bis wit
w mvuluublo Oi a uigbl tknk."
Esperlenre of Working Olrl While
Uuntlnc for a Boarding MaceMorel
loss OullnB-"No Hoom" for a Well
Dressed Young Laxly.
"I hou!d like to give you an Idea of how
we girls are treated wherever we go to look
for boarding planes in this city," said a young
typewriter to a reporter the other day.
"You men can obtain board wherever you
please, and so long a you pay your Imurd
bills nnd behave yourselves there aro no
questions asked; but with a girl it I differ
ent. When I came,, to New York I was fresh
from Now England, unknown and without
friends hero to give me help or hint. Con
sequently I had to hunt up a boarding place
for myself. After considerable looking
around I found a quiet opiiearlng house where
the sign stated that a hall room was vacant
and that boarder were wanted.
"In answer to my ring a kindly looking
mntron inquired my business, Wheu I told
her that I was looking for a boarding place a
visible change caine over her face.
" 'Who are youf was bor somewhat abrupt
question. Then she scanned me ns if I were
a suspected thief, for whose capture n reward
bad been offered, nnd without giving me time
to answer this pertinent question, she con
"'Are you married I
" 'No, 1 am not,' I said as pleasantly as my
mortification would ullow.
"'Whnt do you export to do for a llvingf
was her next query.
"'I nm a typewriter.'
"'A typewriter P This wns said with a
sneer thnt might menn volumes.
" 'Havo yon a brother in the city orjiny
mnle friend who wiil cull on youf
" 'No, my family all live in Connecticut'
"'Do you keep company with nny young
man!' Ronlly, I was lieginiiing to loso all pa
tience, but I managed to say, calmly: 'I do
not, but what has thnt to do with I he ques
tion of my hiring a room and paying for it
REFEHKNCER CHARACTER fiELF RESPECT.
" 'Havo you got nny refereiioesr
"I don't see why I submitted to so much
quizzing. That woman could bent a reporter
asking questions. 'No,' 1 replied, 'but if you
want them, I suppose I could get them from
homo in two or three days.1
"'Well, I guess we haven t any room now,
and, besides, I'd rather have gentlemon,' was
the worthy matron's decision, ns she opened
the front door only to shut it quickly behind
me. I think I went to fully a dozen places,
only to be treated in the same way. At lust
I went to the oung Wommrs Christum as-
socintion, where I should have gona first. I
never was more thankful in my lifo than
wnen, after I had been at work for a year
nnd desired to change my place, ono of tho
girls in our olllce invited me to share Inr
room until I was able to find another place.
This mny nil sound very funny to you, but it
was not a funny experience for me: and my
experience is by no means unusual. A man
enn get rooms and board whore he chooses,
without references nnd without questions,
but when a girl tries to got board for herself.
If she is well dressed her character is doubted,
and there fa 'no room' for her; people wonder
where she gets her money. If sbo is poorly
dressed slio is nnturnlly not wanted, becnusa
she will lower the reputation of the liouso.
hlio must, in seir ricrense, marry or at least
becomo engaged if she has no mnle relative
under whoso protection she is. It does seem
nsit something might be done for tho poor
girls who como to the city in this wny.
There ought to lie somebody" will ing to tnku
them nud rnro for them rcspectab v nnd
poonomicully, and do this without snn-ifWng
the self respect of the girl. New York
The Klevutor Man's Memory.
"It is not hard to memorize thehituation of
the different offices." said a ninn who runs tin
elevator in tho Field building. "Tlio difficult
thing is to recollect when tho different iieople
get down to vtol in the morning. When a
person fulls to find a man In his office tho
first thing ho docs is to nsk mo at what time
be usnnlly arrives. If I make a mis'nke or
can't nnswer at nil I am complained of to the
boss, so to hold my job I must not only bo a
walking directory but an oracle ns well.
This building is mndo up entirely of small
office, nnd ninny of the tenants employ no
help. On this account I nm obliged to know
exactly when each man is in tho habit of get
ting down in tlio morning. If a man nhvnvs
comes nt tho same time each day it would be
a simple matter, but in calculating I havo to
make allowance for a queer feature in human
nature which you have probably never heard
"The average man finds it harder to keep
good resolutions than to make them. When
he sits nt homo on Sunday and thinks over
the past week he f:ls thut he could have
done much better than he did do if be hnd
got down to the office much earlier thnn lie
did. Ho remembered that it was almost time
for luncheon when he had finished discussing
his morning inper, so ho resolves to turn
over a new leaf for the coming week. The
result fa thnt ha gets down here on Mondny
morning before we have the steam up. The
next tiny he is hnlf nn hour Into, nnd on
Wednesday ho is nn hour behind. When it
is timo to turn out on Thursday morning he
feels discouraged at being unable to live up
to bis resolution, so be turns over nnd takes
another nap. By Saturday he has returned
to bis lazy habits. Thus it goes on year in
and year out When I'm nsked when n man
will be down in the momiyg I don't look nt
the clock but at the calendar." New York
. STtincwT ...
-'" ufe N
" of th. jt'irrrr'-
Here Is the r..i. Vn"'
lu proportion. A bej LiuJ
ooaru. w. Uav, Bt homl TIU
very snort at the si.u ' Ba l
chin, and ,ol,,ti at tbV'ri.
done In ono of three VL
any pan, i, nt y vt i
straight forward a U N LS
Up on end a la
very long and throwk '-
uik. iuey assume the hnuT1"'
which they have nnt g y
tell a student, ton. bv ilw.i.'Vtvl
which be Invariably rait I?' J
iinmmiiiui wnicn possess "aj
era of otmtl, J !J
stylograph, prltwei; !
would be considered n lndi,i l4
wealth. Tl, 1 '"."'oooltj
however, of a genuine P.,'i"l
larly one of the medical oer,.'!.N
and easy manners. He frT "i
brain will not work any i0n k
goes out in the street and ho.ul
tho immense wlinnii .. ..
sleepers. Then von m ....
singing down the Boulevard rZM
In the evening, with a fcmTlH
ion on eiiner arm.
Gladstone' Vitality and Versatility.
Perhaps it is in privnto life thnt Mr. Glad
stone's vitality and versatility are most re
markable. It is a great sight to watch him
at dinner with a fow friends. He never talks
for the sake of talking, but listens attentively
to every one else, nnd is enger to draw out
from his company ull they can tell him. But
they feel the influence of a master mind in
the smallest details. Mr. Gladstone asks a
dozen searching questions in a few moments,
and presents the subject in an entirely new
light by some exjiosilion that the listeners
never dreamt of. ne is full ot reminiscences.
and seems to imngine that everybody' mem
ory ought to be ns tenacious as his own.
One night when he was prime minister he
sat on the treasury bench with only one col
league beside bun. He was apparently asleep.
and the other man thcught be might indulge
in a doze. But presently a Tory speaker
ventureit upon .some historical statement
Mr. Gladstone was on the alert nt once.
1 liming to his companion, be said: "That is
entirely wrong. This fellow is mixing up bis
facts and his dates. Don't you remcmlierr
Then bo proceeded to explain some otisctira
passage of political history of which bis un
fortunate colleague was oUL-e.1 tn confers cn
I ire ignorance. Mr. Gladstone looked at bira
for a moment in pitying wonder and as soon
ns bo dared the hapless man slunk nwny.
Meeting a f i .n 1. bo said: "I'm going home;
i un i siaa.i nun uenuisii oi.i man any more.
Why.be act uaiiy cross examined me about
Hnrl Ij . .
what mlcht bo ell-i TM
dlsreirnrd of tl, ., '
a -- train
of siniiirr A-ntn . .
o- .? J-'il miTMIL t
gentieman of studious propei'!
billiard table In one of the hraswu
cue in one hnnd and a nl.it t i -
choucroute in the other, haranjnwj
nf mlncnllnnenii. r,..i, "le
you are npt to recoiriiiz ti,.
delightful snns gene which Minimi
AV&r lift flnruinm In , 1
-r, ... uiio, Jo, ft,
yourself: "Well, these few. ?
Jovial, fooling young Km!
fnm.inU ..1 . : . I W
uu"u,,v w uiiiiu lib Hieir D00SS, Xlgfj,
serious enough, they wast, too ns,
cafes nnd brasseries, they keeptnow
eta" Vuit a moment, my friend. J
students are not to be 'ud"d i,.i.'i
into the lecture rooms und tht abmJ
TTTA1. .1 i m
ii utcii mow same nsrutn SCirun tin
the dissecting tablo, or in th gnt,
Talk to them. Find out who the, n,
and the first thing you kiinwycii
cover thnt these "young toon,' (
thought them the other night ttu
watched them caniblhur In tu r.i.
Sourco at 1 o'clock In the motriqJ
enougn bdoug meaiciiie, or dxnuti
somothing else, to make your bni
You see they pla v verv hard Utt.
and perhaps it's the same sheotlnJ
They IuuiHi at the English ituiWbJ
being "always serious," for the extfaJ
sou that tliey Have not enough fdi
anytblng else. fans Uor. e Yorth
Foot 1.000 at Coney Itlail
Again, Coney Island offer npsi
vantages for tho study of tliepmJofc,
tor which for some iuscnttabl m
pleases "Conoy's" visitors to tsnaV
Feople have no sooner settled it tbtthJ
or the Manhattan, to con fine our ifiao
those bostclries, than tliey exhibit tkul
which nmnze and amuse. You of k
self: "These people areall right tasn'i
courteous, amiable, celf reliant, with ihi
reswi'vo about their own affairs ind i k
consideration for tho feelings of otlm
homo they nre the prosperous, bat tsrl
people in the world. But Coney bluin
tho threshhold of New York, and wfcji
they appear different herel" TVluim
in the habit of doing! Nothing ter; cJ
ful, but many things which are rife
Thoy stni-e nnd remark uiion nsssmti
criticiso manners an I dresi In tl m
tones; they end ttnd drink ill puNil
that would make a Frenchman wine
dance in the hotel olllce, flirt on u t
creen crass removed by another :
tho public promenado; they sing amir
and, in a word, tho people who are pfc
nronrietv nt Narrasronsctt rier i
Harbor, ns woll ns in Now York, W
Concv Island ns if It were tue oo
Ctitmrder with tho flag of skip bobsi.
The result is to divido tho arjtocr'
tion of Coney Island into two jr
quiet, soiicitudo loving sojourum1
aciously order their affairs to.
dav. thov are in the habit of win;"
less of their fellow boanlfirs-.thcytwii
wild sand dunes, tho unimproved V
tbo island, or cross tho mareuei in
tho inland roads. It must be renwM
rnnow Tsbind thnt it has come m fnai
reputablo resort to lie reputable aM
"swell. Indeed, it is "sweu mi
altboueh tbo old. bad atmosuhen l!
faintiy perceptible about it, oVaM
thoughtless people a little, jet fc 1
far forward on tho way w
Last snminer two of our artist, W1
Chose, painted on the beach, and m?J
ers havo l-ecoguized it-mucu -
elapse beforo poets sing it-Ik1"
Tl, Smnrl ToUOZ US
A tramp was sleeping sweetly
-1 4i. ,1. Una flncl OB s1
piece oi vuu i-iciii ii ""- , jt
afternoon. A cloud of flies tnpn
him. Three nicely dressed T
,i .1.- , ,i iletermiiw'
.. , ', i... -ill, a rooelC1!
in. iio secureu a wiem-v - u
. . : r. ...,t
water irom iuo river "" - - , j
into tho tramp's face. ThsitartW H
awoke, threw up bis arms, aud TftW
' . j . i.i fithe Itrft.
river. iuecifwu ra" ,,j
while the young man wMPic,""
Wlientno tramp cauw
caiieu itBuiy iu. --
shoro looked ot the tvcti " A
and cried, "Shamel1 Down west w
tunote again with a mournful a if J
ou suoro, iuo jouuii iu - jg
mischief waited no longer. B
tue river, uotu ue aim --7 . 1
at tho same time alwut six yan h J
young man swam for the tramp, -J
to say, the tramp struck
effort he reached tue rug ,fi
bucket was secui-ed and easily J
Thence he climbed to the 0'-J
man followed bim.and thednpPi
.1 ... e o lnii-rhimr throi'J- " ,1
turning to tho young nlfln'
dainful air: "Say. young fel"w4i'
smart, don't yer; but who got u
Iuo young mm uuu "
treated amid the J.rs of the cro J
. i.t .,,iivEMana"
tlUIU'f OL-ii--tn. .
dry k'i elotbes.-New ojX
Tankee InRennltT' ,
Miss Do Fashiou-norrorsl 1
and mr writing pair U all E0"
Little Brothcr-That new ki
something that li.iprieiifvt l-.iV
-.wi. i unaueipuia 1
"1 1 rrviI.-A TOU BOII"-- w
loan yesterday, ond tbe ,1'
Just Ike what you nam'
browiL" , , ifT'
Yes.I know. I U g ViTfaVI
rtzht sizo ar.d .p- we
jaiu." Uinaiia -