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About The Eugene City guard. (Eugene City, Or.) 1870-1899 | View Entire Issue (Oct. 29, 1887)
MOUNTAINS OF SUGAR.
Til Trcnifinilous Unmitlilrs or Hitocharln
t'oniuind In Tlila Country.
Americans ought to be tlio sweetest
people (in earth if, its 1ms been assorted
food goes U make the race. The quail
tity of sweets landed at this port tltir
j Ing a year would annuo any ono w ho
lias not pi ven tlio subject spicinl nttcn
tion. It wonM appear that Americans
are preserved in sugar, nlloat on rivers
of saccharine. From West Indies Mack
strap to ;ol( Km syrup, from dainty
lady-li liters to solid pound onkn, from
molasses candy to t ho most delicious
bonbons, Americans boat all other pen
pies as absorbers of saccharine, tlio
French not excepted. No adequate
idea of tlii! enormous inanlity of sugar
consumed in this cu . ry can bo con
veyod by a statement iu pounds. Tlio
figures, however, indicate that Undo
bam has a tremendous sweet tooth.
Tii total sugar Importations for tho
year 18S3 amounted' to 2, MS, 132. 000
pounds, or about 1,000,000 Ions, valued
at f71.0!)l,(JJS. To this tremendous
aggregate Cuba alono contributed
1.201, iiO.l.OOO pounds; Brazil sunt 223,
0I!2,0K) pounds; Giirniany (beet sugar),
20;t.'JSS,000 pounds, and tho Sandwich
Islands (frue sugar), 191,022,000 pounds.
Smaller quantities worn imported from
tho West Indies and other countries,
To tho aggregate of import: must bo
added the domestic product to find the
total consumption of sugar in tho
Tlio best imported sugar is the cen
trifugal, in form of coarso crystalline
particles varying in smi according to
tho grade or quality of tho artlclo. The
lowct form of the product is called
melada, a thick sirup, of which com
paratively little is now imported.
Samples of sugar aro taken from a
specified number of casks of every cargo
by Government samplers and sent to
experts, who determine the grade as a
ba-isof fixing the duty thei noli. The
instrument employed to indicalo the
degree of variation in tho quality of
sugar is called a polariscopn, and a
variation of ono degree means a diller
enee of 1-1 1th of 1 per cent, duty, a
small fraction, but on millions of pounds
it means thousands of dollars.
Tim manner of handling sugar in tho
port has recently undergono a change.
It is another instance of tho condensa
tion of business methods, whereby tho
same results aro obtained by fowor
workers. Formerly tho great bulk of
sugar was stored In tho warehouses ami
withdrawn by rellners from time to
time a method which gave employ
nient to ft great number of coopers and
laborers. Now the bulk of it goes di
rect to the relineries, and a good many
workmen have lost their occupation in
In the busy season, which usually bo
gies about March 1 and ends about the
middle of July, as many n twenty-live
r thirty vessels aro distributed atone
time along tho Brooklyn water front,
discharging their cargoes. An idea of
the bulk of an average sirg.ir cargo can
only be formed by seeing, say 1,000
hogsheads of an average welghtof 1,500
pound'', spread out upon tho dock. Ono
hundred of such cargoes, if piled in
the form of a pyramid, would mivko
n sugar Cheops, Fveiy package is
weighed by a Government olllcer or a
sworn special. The former receives i
a day, six days in tho week; the other
!)0 cents an hour f ir actual service.
The weigher's position Is no sinecure,
lie is a worker, lie must stand at tho
scales from seven a. m. until sunset; ho
iuul endure blamg suns and faco the
What leeome of tho million tons of
imported sugar, not t. mention tho do
incKtic product? Ask the ladies, ask
the children, ask tho baker and the
confectioner, ask the housekeeper.
It goes into millions of cups of eolTco
and tea daily; into cakes, preserves and
pies; into fruits and sauces and a hun
dred other thing:". Tlio Western flap
jack swims in saccharine fluid; it per
meates the luscious griddle cake. The
running confectioner and skilled house
wife mold the crude article into multi
form artistic shapes and invest the sul
stance with a delicious consistency.
If the supply were suddenly stopped,
society would be ((inverted into sauer
kraut. .V. 1. Evening Sun.
City Editor "Just, in time. I want
you to rush out to the fair grounds, go
up in that balloon, and write "
Reporter "Balloon! Well, now, I
don't know about that: I havo a family
to support." "That's so; I didn't think
of that. I'll scud young Jones, and
you take his job. Hurry up ami stop
him." "What, is his job?" -I want
him to write up a live-column article
on the small-pox hospital." Omaha
A new plant, said to havo electrical
properties, is described by some of the
German journals under tho name of
Phytolacca eloclrlea. -It gives a slight
electric shock to the hand when its
stalk is broken, and it affects the mag
netic needle, disturbing it considerably
if brought very near. Its energy varies
during the day, being strongest at
about two o'clock in tho afternoon, and
fading away to nothing at niirht. A'.
It is not a bad rule to keep orchard
lands in as good heart as the coru-lield.
To do this some manure Is necessary.
If largo crop of fruit and grass aro re
moved, considerable manure is needed
to keep up the fertility. Tillage serve
partly as manure in tho corntleld, but
old orchards that aro seeded down are
not thus benefited. - Prairie farmer.
A certain farmer sticks clothospins
through a Imard, nails up the board and
bangs his whip in Ui0 pin. gaVe4
money mid whips.
SHE, TOO, COULD SHINE.
How 'Krl,c MlllloimUVf Wife Cleaned
Out FiMhlonsbl Ilotol.
A few days ago a lady from San Fran
cisco, who had a very solid batik as
coiint, went to Lake Taboo on a pleasure
trip with her daughter. She concluded
that she would havo a good time, and
accordingly took along some plain, serv
iceable clothes and no jewelry. When
she struck one of the fashionable resorts
she found herself in the mid.st of a lot.
of people making a vulgar display of
clothes and diamonds, and every time
she turned around she was the subject
of the most unmerciful snubbing. She
was put offin an obscure corner to eat.
and not ono of tlio fashionable guests
condescended to show her tho slightest
civility. Tho lady tit her lips for a few
days, took in the situation ami with true
feminine instinct decided on revenge.
Sho dropped a lino below, and presently
there were deposited at tho hotel twelve
Saratoga trunks wavbilled to her ad
dress. Sho and her daughter retired to
their rooms, and that evening came
lown to the dining-room in a bla.o of
lace and diamonds that took everybody's
breath away. No such corneous or
tasty toilets had ever bewildered the
guests at that hotel before. It blinded
the eye to look at tho pair as they quietly
entered tho room. The steward, after
recovering his poise, rushed forward
and pulled out two chairs from tho most
fashionable tamo in the hotel. Sin
shook her head ami replied: "Tho old
table will do," ami went to the obscure
corner, whei'o site had oaten all tho
Tho utmost consternation spread
through the dining-room, and tho low
hum of voices rose to a fashionable
bu., as they warmly discussed the situ
ation. Wnsn t it awtul? J hey had
been snubbing a woman anil her
daughter all the week who could out
dress them all. In the evening they
attempted to hodgo, but couldn't to
any considerable extent. Tho dudes
tried to shino up to the girl, but she
wouldn't have it, and those who tried
to scrapo an acquaintance with the
mother found it like trying to run a
tunnel into an iceberg. For awhilo she
flashed liko a comet through that
hotel into n constant change of ravish
ing toilets, each more costly and be
wildering than the others, until, liko
the kings who pedestrianized in Mac
beth, they threatened to stretch out
till tho crack of doom.
At tho end of tho week it was learned
from the chambermaid that she had
only gone through half of her immense
Saratogas. There were several women
there who had displayed at least a
dozen different toilets, and they felt
that they would just dio if sho beat their
record. But sho kept right en and
when sho was threo ahead of their
scoro they packed up and left. Ono by
one she vanquished tho lenders, and the
rank and file capitulated, displaying
the rarest generalship imaginable. If
Mrs. appeared in any special color
to mako a spread in the morning, she
adopted that color at once, only in a
dross that eclipsed the other as tho sun
outshines the dog star.
She was the absolute John Sullivan
of the toilet ring, and knocked out all
who had the temerity to stand before her.
lhe last of her opponents was a rod-
faced, vulgarly dressed woman from
San Francisco, whose flashy toilets had
attracted general attention and admir
ation from persons ignorant of har
mony and color. Whatever dress this
woman donned in the morning the fash-1
lonable Nemesis was on her trail with
a color that literally killed the other.
lhe heretofore cock of tho walk was
unable to stand her defeat, and, pack
ing her trunks, started homo.
The army of snobs was routed, and
ono by ono dropped out of sight. They
just settled up and quit. Then the
quiet little lady resumed her plain
lollies, put on an old straw hat with her
(laughter and went tishing. As thu last
gang left, sho absolutely had tho cool
ness to be down at tho wharf tishing in
an old calico dress, cotton gloves and
Tho landlord considered that sho lit
erally cleaned his place out, and she
thinks sho had an awful lot of fun.
Canon (See.) Appeal.
Til Cnllfurnlit MtltloimlrVa Ounulue I.o
for Fine Hied Humes.
Stanford's only passion is for fine
horses, and this taste he has gratified
on his estate at Palo Alto, in the heart
of tho Santa Clara valley. There he
has a largo number of lino thorough
bred horses, and when ho goes down to
his country home it is his uleasuro to
it in a large chair in the center of a
ring and see his favorite young flyers
brought out for trial.
It was while watching ono of these
fast trotters an animal which had tho
enormous stride of twenty-three foot
that the millionaire conceived tho idea
that in some part of his courso the
horso must entirely clear tho ground
and have all four feet in the air. So ho
decided to havo his horse photographed
while in motion. Ho secured the serv
ices of a skillful photographer
named Muybridge, and ho arranged
an ingenious system of cameras
worked by electricity by which
an instantnneous view of tho animal
was given as he passed tho homo line..
About $ 10, 000 was spout on these ex
periments; but they overthrow all pre
vious notions on tho subject, and the
work which Stanford had written and
published, entitled "Tlio Horso in Mo
tion," is a valuable contribution to
seUnce. Senator Stanford has also
done more than anv ono else to im
prove the breed of horses iu California
and to demonstrate that the climate of
that State is superior to Kentucky for
me breeding of swift trotting and run
ning stock. IWntxx'iiafi,
THE PROMINENT CITIZEN.
A Queur Character That Flourishes Whr-
er Man IXhis Congrasaie.
It js tho ambition of soma men to
figure In tho role of prominent citizen
They have an insatiablo craving to see
their names in print. Ihoy attend an
meetings in which "our moro promi
nent citizens" tako part, and nothing
p.easoa them more than to have their
names appear in tho morning papors in
tho long list of vice presidents.
Tho prominent citizen signs requests
to a thoatrical manager or star to ac
cept a complimentary benefit, after
scrutinizing the list of names to make
sura that there is a preponderance of
prominent citizens like himself, though
it has been remarked that he rarely
buys a ticket.
It is for tho accommodation of the
prominent citizen that chairs aro placed
on tho stago on public occasions, and
wo havo seen him swell up with the
consciousness of his own importance as
ho marched proudly to his seat, look
ing as though the whole affair - was ar
ranged with thu solo view to lifting
him up for tin admiration of tho multi
tude of ordinary citizens seated below,
who had no pr imilonca to spoak of.
So long as ho maintains a dignified
composure and discreetly holds Ids
tongue, ho is safe, but sometimes the
prominent citissjn tlio kind wo are
writing about, of .course is betrayed
into the weakness of making a spoech,
and the shallowness of his claim to any
consideration above his fellows becomes
painfully evident, leading silnplo peo.
pie to inquire how he got to bo a
prominent citizen, anvhow. It is em
barrassing to havo a question of that
sort put in motion, and no prominent
citizen who feels at all insecure in his
position should over do any thing to
There is rarely a procession without
a carriage at the disposal of tho promi
nent citizen. It would bo extremely
undignified for hira to walk like com
mon mortals; besides that, In a crowd
he might bo mistaken for ono of tho
most insignificant in tho procession,
and no suspicion of his greatness.
Seated in an open hack, with a flaming
badge pinned on his coat, strangers
on tho sidewalk might bn led to inquire:
"Who is that man?" and ho is m hard
luck if there isn't some ono at hand to
reply: "That is Colonel Blank, ono of
our most prominent citizens."
No ono enjoys being interviewed by
tho nowspapor reporter liko tho promi
nent citizen we aro describing. He is
ready to givo his opinion on any and
all subjects, from ft fracturo in the side
walk to a break in the Cabinet. If a
series of interviews should appear in a
newsaper headed, "What our promi
nent citizens think of It," without his
namo appearing it would make him sick,
and he would probably call upon the
editor demanding an explanation. In
stances havo been known of his writing
outan interview with himself, unasked,
and putting it in the reporter's hands.
It is on an excursion to some other
city that the prominent citizon shines
in his greatest glory. To have his
coming announced iu the, papers; to bo
received at the depot by a delegation of
proniinont citizens, some of them as
transparent humbugs as himself; to
ten to speeches of welcome, and
make a speech himself, if some friend
is kind enough to write it for him; to
be feasted and treated to freo drinks,
and taken around in u hack to see tho
prisons, poor-houses, public libraries
and brewories, with a lunch and
speeches at each stopping-place; to be
stared at by barefoot boys; to have the
band play "See tho Conquering Hero
Comes;" to bo introduced to people ns
tho man "who has given so much prom
inence to his city," tho introducer not
embarrassing himself or others by en
tering into any details all these are
what give tho prominent citizen such
exumsite joy. Ihon it is that he is in
his perfect element. Tomi Siftinjs.
Driving Away Mosquitoes.
Various substances aro used to drive
mosquitoes away. In somo parts peo
ple anoint their bodies with fish oil ns
a protection against them. Tlio Chi
nese aro said to be very clever in the
use of such protective uurruents. In
India, mosquitoes aro smoked out of a
room by burning chips of wood and
incense. A few sprigs of wormwood
placed nbout tho pillow sometimes pro
tect the sleeper from their attack. A
correspondent asserts that if a piece of
raw meat is hung over tho sleeper's
head tho mosquitoes will fasten greedily
on to it, leaving the human being in
peace. In the morning scores of tho
gorged creatures can be destroyed by
dipping the meat into a bowl of boiling
water. Dark, damp or ill-ventilated
rooms are tho favorite haunts of mos
quitoes, which seldom molest you when
you sleep in tho veranda or on the
house roof; or if you havo tho punkha
going all night over you, with the doors
and windows wide open, you aro pretty
safe London Graphic
An Ancient Family.
Thero aro more ways than one of
calling a person an old goose. Perhaps
the neatest is that adopted by Kosciusko
Murphy. Miss Esinerelda" Longeoflin
is very proud of hor relations to the
Longcollins of Virginia. Taking offence
st somo remark made by Kosciusko, he
said, in a cold, haughty tone of voice:
"Sir, I wish you to understand that I
belong to an ancient family."
"Yes," replied Kosciusko, yaw ning,
"I've read of that family. They saved
tho Roman capital." Texas Silings.
, The small boy wishes some of those
people w ho feel so shocked or grieved
because ho goes in swimming without
clothing, would chip in liberally for
bathing suit.--BmIoh Glob.
ADOUT OFFICE BOYS.
Th nly War to lliiv. a Ooort On. I. to
Hire New "n r.rrj "
Thu olllce-bov question has almost as
many sides to it as tho servant-girl
question. Yet it is with dillldenco that
I offer my share in the discussion.
There are certain characteristic of the
olliee bov, however, that ought to be
brought out; and as special instances
arc moro valuable, or at any rate more
interesting than general statement,
let mo relate something about two
individual boys: One of theso was
named Joe. Ho was a genius in Ids
wav, but his way was not my way. His
talents wre of a mechanical order. Ho
ought to have "been made apprentice to
a fashionable plumber or a first-class
burglar. It was one of his duties to
'tend dour. His wat was separated
from the outer door by ft small ante
room. He was a very active boy, but
he would work hard for three hours to
savo himself two or three trips across
the room. The door closed with a
catch, and ho rigged a wiro to that,
passed it through staples around tho
three sides of tho anteroom, aim so
into tho room that he sat in.
When r. knock camo at tho door. Joe,
sitting triumphant on his stool, would
pull the siring, and presto! tho door
was mysteriously opened. This ar
rangement pleased him a great deal
more than it did mo. Ono day I heard
a peculiar grunting noiso in the ante
room.' I called Joo, but ho did not
come. I wont to tho door to see what
was the matter, and there I found him
hanging by the kuc-s from the ceiling,
head downward. He had knocked the
cane sent out of a stool, screwed a pul
ley into a beam overhead, and rigged
up somo ropes iu such a way that when
he stuck his knees tl. nigh the seat of
tho stool and pulled with all his might
on tho ropes, he was elevated, knees
first, toward the ceiling. Then ho tied tlio
mid of the rope fast to the stool. After
doing this, ho found that ho could
neither untie nor get his legs out, so he
had to stay there. Tu.u aro only two
out of many instances that might be
Joo was of very little use to nie, and
lie covered iny rooms with such a lot of
nails, screws, pulleys, wires, strings
and other things of tho sort that I hard
ly knew the place. Ho had to go.
Ned was a different sort of boy. He
was older than Joe, and he did so well
tho first week that I thought I had
found a treasure. I therefore willing
ly advanced him another week's salary.
Ho did noteonio on Monday. Tuesday ,
morning ho said an mint of his had
died, and ho was obliged to attend the
funeral. Tho excuse was accepted. I
did not know thou that Ned had fifteen
aunts, all liable to die at any time; a
sick father and mother, and seven little
brothers and sisters who were constant
ly meeting with accidents.
Neither did I know ihat his borrow
lnz habit was inveterate. When ho
left me I figured up, and found that I
had paid him, in four months, about
twenty dollars more than his salary,
mostly in loans of twenty- five to fifty
cents, lho list might bo extended al
most indefinitely. One boy is an artist
And covers all nvailablo walls with
drawings. 'Another is anxious to im
prove his handwriting, and practices
on the backs of your law papers and
pamphlets, or uses up your best letter
paper and envelopes. Almost all office
boys aro good for a week. After
that they get careless, indifferent, and
sometimes decidedly "uppish." Tho
only way to keep good olliee boys is to
get them fresh once a week. John W.
Penrose, in Epoch.
THE CHLORAL HABIT.
A Drui That Should Not He Taken With
out a l'liysiolHu's Advice.
Chloral hydrate is ono of tho best
Mcep-protlueers known to science. It
leaves few pernicious after ollects, and
Iocs not lessen paiu liko opium or pro
luce the delightful, dreamy condition
that follows tho use of the last-named
drug iu many people. As taken by
some as an habitual dose to induce
sleep it is not freo from danger. Sleep
should be natural in order to bo refresh
ing. The effect of chloral is to induce an
artificial condition resembling natural
Icep in somo respects, but net giving
the weary brain all tho rest it needs in
order that waste of substance shall be
followed by complete repair. Tho
chloral habit is not easily formed, for
the taste of tho mixture in which it is
necessarily given is not pleasant. There
aro instances of it being formed an 1 the
consequences aro mental and physical
dubility, the former sometimes amount
ing almost to complete imbecility. Like
tho other drugs of its class, it should
not bo taken except bv tho advice of a
competent physician. Insomnia sleep
lessness is better treated by exercise
carried to fatigue, by baths, avoidance
of stimulants, including tea and coffee,
and by methodical attention to diet,
ventilation of sleeping apartments, and
massage when necessary, than by any
of tho drugs which produce a condition
more or less closely imitating sleep.
St. Louis Globe-Democrat.
Bradntrert's has a unique statistic
in the presentation of its striko record
for six mouths, from which it appears
that at various times during tho first
half of the year laborers havo been on
striko to the total number of 234,731,
against S(i3,SJo for tho same period last
year, lho number of strikes was 523
to 200, so that tho strikes havo been
mora numerous, but have involved
much fewer numbers than last year.
The number of employes in the build
ing trades who have been on strike is
6S.000. in transportation service 51,000,
in coal mining 13,000, in bootd and
A Mammoth Industry In Whloh Krery To
bacco Consumer Is Interested.
What was that he threw away?"
"Oh, only a piece of tinfoil from his
Only a piece of tinfoil. Did you
ever consider how large a manufacture
of that article, apparently of so little
value, is carried onP Will you believe
it w hen you are told that moro than
1,000.000 pounds of the foil nro used
annually to cover tho smoking and
chewing tobacco manufactured in tho
United "States alone. Tho method of
making it is interesting. Tho tin is of
coiirso"lirst taken out of the mines, the
best of which for this purpose aro in
Australia and tho Dutch possessions of
tho East Indies. Tho metal is found
in veins or fissures called lodes, though
it is also often found in ft dispersed
form in loose stones, which when
found continuously nro called
litre :i ins. Tho rock containing the
ore is blasted with gunpowder and
carried to tho stamping-null, wiicre u
is pounded and washed. It is next
smelted and the tin run into blocks
containing from 200 to 400 weight
each. This is the condition m which
tho metal is kept for ordinary use.
Two means nro used to reduce it to the
necessary thinness. The old manner
of hammering by hand after first being
cut is still used to a great extent By
this process, however, only ono surface
could bo produced, and to obviate tins
difficulty rolling mills were invented.
Prior to their invention nearly all tho
tinfoil was imnorted. but their use has
completely revolutionized tho trade.
Tho metal is now placed between two
heavy rollers, which gives it a finished
surface on both sides. It is then cut
into widths from twelvo to fifteen
inches, rolled upon wooden reels and
carried to cutting machines where it is
cut according to order. It is then
narked in boxes of ono hundred pounds
each, being laid in without pressure.
I hero Is another dilleronce between me
foil which is beaten and and that which
is rolled. Tho former is full of small
holes, but tho foil to bo used for to
bacco wrappers must be airtight A".
T. Mail and Express.
A Surprising Reception.
Book Agent I nm ottering to tho
public a new work, tho "Encyclopedia
Universal, Eternal," only tine
Omaha Man Como in, sir. Don t
stand there in tho hot sun.
'I I guess you didn't understand.
I am selling"
"Certainly. There, take that seat by
the window. I am delighted to see
"Permit me to plain. This book,
glorious work, Is complete in forty-five
volumes, nt iivo dollars a volume, and
I am tho agent for it"
"I nm sorry you brought only ono
volume. Can you get the rest soon?"
"Oh, yes, but" .
"By tho wav, there's the bell. Stay
to dinner, won't von?"
"I I beg pardon. This is very
strange. Am 1 awake or drenming?"
"Yes, the house don't look very
pretty, does it? You see, this is a pri
vate lunatic asylum, and 1 am ono of
the patients." Omaha World.
Valuable Discoveries. 1
Tlio Government of Colombia is
authorized to grant a reward of $10,000
in silver to every one who discovers a
new merchantable nrticlo of export
Under this law Senor Rafael Vanegas
has filed two claims, ono for the dis
covery nnd employment of a valuable
medicinal plant; tho second for the
discovery that wild cocoa trees exist in
profusion iu tho virgin forests which
stretch from tho waters of tho Ariari
down to tho River Guyabero. If in
vestigation should prove tho correct
ness of this statement, it will throw
millions of dollars annually into Colom
bia and placo a vuluablo nrticlo within
tho reach of many who nro now de
prived of tho uso of it owing to tho
price. N. Y. Pout.
Dr. Wasliburne, president of the
American College at Constantinople,
brought with him from tho United
States ono of Edison's phonographs,
which ho exhibited to a company of
Turks. Ho talked into the orifice
and tho machine ground out of its vocal
tinfoil long sentences in its .squeaky
way. Tho amazement of . tho specta
tors was kept out of sight They pre
tended that it was no marvel to them
at all, but when the phonograph spoko
iu Turkish they ' could not contain
themselves any longer, and frankly ad
mitted that they could not understand
how tho machine had learned the lan
guage so quickly, sinco it had been in
the country only two weeks. S. S. Cox,
in Youth's Companion.
Tho emergency of weather has
made every body solicitous as to his
heUlth. A very young doctor was in
structing a circlo of friends the other
night, telling them what, how, and
when to eat and drink. "Tho medical
profession is agreed," he said, grandly,
"that a chronic impairment of the di
gestive functions results from drinking
while ono cats; it was never intended
that solid and liquid food should be
sent into tho stomach together." "Ac
cording to that, doctor," said a bright
young woman, "bread and milk is a
terribly uuwholcsomo dish?" The
doctor is still thiuking about it
A Yonkers man is charged with
making this neat proposal of marriage:
"Xow, now dear, you say you have
fo0.000 in your own name; why not put
il .n uiiue?" ... .
Worn-Out !.. ,J"lrtl-
"Are many mutilated n,,,'
for redemption," asked I PrW
Clerk in tho United Stated r'1
on w an street. "Yes m
public has any idea of,''hH!?vhH
the obliging clerk at Z' H
to nit ate the r., . .tuUltM,
lugs of tho department h, vin
of that particular branch. 4 Ch"9
rules regulating the wni ' d
Puraraph 18 reads: Mutilate
notes, Kold ourtillcate. ami ,f ,.m K
are redeemable by lhe Treasure, ' "'S
count Of ten per cent, of the U
tenth of th. original propcrt
purt or place, provided n,t i-. Ml11 .
the whole note la prenentdd, ""HajJ
xiniKrunn is. -Frag-menu leii ih,.v
notua subject to discount B,I.,hilll'll
are redeemable at the f!W9 vaJa; llWpl
notewhon accompanied by Mm ,
owner or other persons having knowil?'
facts that the missing portion, kdw,,i
totally destroyed. -uM
ur Aatioiuil bank notes it sav
Paragraph 1. Notes equallln. L '
threo-flfth, of their original pJS
boarlng the name of the bank and th. 7
Of OUO Of Its OfflCflin rn . '!
foe value. ---wur
Purugruph 21. Notes Of Khlnh I
fifths remain, or from which boib. ij
ure lucking, are not redoemed by the T''
but should bo presented for rfdt)mDti,?
bank of lhsuo. pHoD Hi
Moro 1, $2 and 5 notes arc redt
than of any other denomination. 7
were shown to tho reporter that m
scollowed, torn iu half, with ton
missing, holes the size of A silverisL
lar, seemingly taken out of the ceotw
of tho note, and some so thin thtn.
handling would reduce them to sW
Tlw Hilvm' perrifinnrno r.9 ei
well represented, even though in&
dilation but a year. They were pnV
pany wru, noi worn, as in the oft
ifip4. A lilnnn ,.f nl.icj 4k . .
..... -- uio CMCtlii
of a note, divided into squares am
longs, is used to measure the size offc
...,.t.'l..f innj ritii.-l...lf it.. ,
divided into five parts, formed bjliit,
cut horizontal with tlin ends eaohek,
long being one-tenth of the glass.
other half is cut into twenty Bimtn.
each representing one-fortieth of
glass. This glass, when laid hm.
note, at once reveals tho extent f 4(1
Tho money Is received and cjami
by a special clerk, who, after retunity
luu proper amount ui ino person ptv
senting it turns the note or uoteebi
clerk whose duty it is to pack amipo
pare the same for shipment to Vj,
ington. A largo stack of bills wink,
re the last clerk and ho was bmya.
sorting them according t J their ami
inations. They are then put into pti
ages of one hundred notes. Then ta
packages are tied together, forminji
biKidle containing one thousand bilk
Silver certificates are perforated beta
Tho bundles are expressed to WA
ington, where tho notes ure reiluwiti
a pulp, which, in turn, is molded into
various shapes and sold to cunfcit;.
More than $30,000,000 in mutnVi
notes are redeemed each year at Ha I
Suii-Treasury. .V. Y. CommerM M
An Inelileut from tli Early Llfs of
vllst W. II. Howells.
As the dusk w as setting in on be
tiful autumnal day about thirty-sew
years nzo, a man and a boy were dm-
ing a cow along a country rad h
Ohio. Thev had como a long distant!
and were weary; but though the ty
limped, tho conversation did not Jag
thev trudged along.
They were evidently not farmers;
botli had tho nppearanco of linng
citvlife. but had they been observed,
the things they were saying,
their looks, would have attracted
tention; for they were talking of 0
vantes and Shakesneare.
The cow needed much urging, and
was Into at night when they reseM
some white-limbed sycamores bca
the tail-race of a grist-mill on the Lit
tle Miami river, on tho other side J
which was tho small log-cabin in whia
they lived. A question then arose
to how they should get the cow
Tln.vr iw,r. tnow tllO depth
the water, but they knew it tl
cold, and thev did not care t '
i 1 .,..,! (tin bOT W
mill nnwd thn li.iaii.i'iira there, .a
somo back to receive the cow ontkj
thcr side of tho tail-race. But w
all his literature, tho boy was Jl
Ktiiinus. and afr"
of tho dark; and though the
urged him to go, he would not
him. They could see the in. ,
cabin twinkling cheerfully. Ul('
shouted to those within, but no e
heard them. They called and nil
nt tain tititi ncio v.- - - .
tho cold rush of the tail-race, the
ami the bona1'
They then determined to driver w
across from the shore, and then to
up to the saw-mill and down the
K.,u ., ...i, i,.,- o sherea1
m ua i,j uiiiwi mi
it. When they camo there, she wn
to be found, however; sho had inWW
turned again, and during the
i. u..- i...i.. ,im towntro"
IU.IMU ucr wily U.lCfw n'"
...I.: 1. 1. . I i 1.. I...
wiiicu tuey nail Drouio. " .a
The log-cabin was a small one,
a corn-field of eighty acres behind
anil I it-n-s nnnnlif a nil M'tO T of
tury old. The bov who entered it
this adventure whs William Dean B'
ells, and tlio man was his fiitli'f. a
had recently brought' his f1,,liyl;i
Dayton to take charge of the
j ,.".-i, .i... li.Mtv 01
uuni iiiusmues me u"i imi
early life of ono who has since oeo
me loremosi American iu -wm
U. UUleinn. in St. NichoUn.
Oat straw is bVt for filling
0 n VII IrV IIAIIq 1,1- W
once a year.