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About The Eugene City guard. (Eugene City, Or.) 1870-1899 | View Entire Issue (Jan. 29, 1887)
EUGEIJE Cm GUARD.
t, L. CAMPBELL, . rraprlatar
EUGENE CITY. OREGON.
TIME AND DISTANCE.
Why dr'rrn jon eahman ew on
Ho rapirllr lu daunilraa tl'ttliVf
Hut kersone moment and he's tout
The m it awav, tar nut of mvlit.
Why, tell mil wlijr bo hurried huc
wlh ri-ailraa, hiirrmd pace.
(Iln but auccpltol nrijr cent
To drive cue to certain place.)
And whrdoci rnnilrr eahman creep
o aluwlr thniimh the tiuay throng
HI (Iitv atewJ la half aal-p
And like a anail he iwivca alonir.
The irraaa. beneath hla fnit ilixh irrow
Vet cio ha crawl wild llatli.aa mw'r.
He bldm hi to-i for. airnnirer, knoir
Hi cab la chartered bf (lie turnr.
"TOWERS OF SILENCE."
Malabar Hill and Pareoe Homea of
The riva fllmlirt of Illark Oranlta
t'il for Thoae Worthy of Raered
Iturlal A square Tower Bel
Apart for Crlmliml.
One must bo bom a Parsce, for, like
the Brahmin, bis inured fititli admits of
no proselyting. On purity an the found
. atlon-stono l built tho superstructure
of his belief, and Zoroaster's threo
precepts, "good thoughts," "good
word," "good deeds," are bin rule
of life. That ho may be constantly re
minded of his duty to move within the
clrclo of these preempt, ho wears his
girdlo triply coiled. A I'arseo child
should be born on tho ground floor of
the homo, that by humility at tho be
ginning and correctness of after-lift) ho
may merit advancement, not only in
hls world, but In that which is to
When seven days old an astrologer Is
called upon to caxt his nativity. Ho
first gives a lint of names that tho child
may bear, ami allows tho parents to
choose one of them; then drawing a set
of hicroglj phles with chalk on a wooden
tablet, ho predicts the futuro of tho
Infant, which the relatives receive with
Implicit faith and admiring reverence.
This document is carefully preserved
among the family records, and often
has a marked Intlticncn on the after
life. Having attained tho ago of about
even years, tho Hist religious cere
mony Is ncrformed. u-hli.li nmL,. l,
child an ac countable being, and brings
him Into full fellowship of tho fuith of
his fathers. The ceremony begins with
an ablution for purification. The priest
then Invests him with the sacred girdle,
and tying tho cord around the waist,
he pronounces a benediction, ami
throws slices of fruit, seeds, perfumes
and spices upon the head. This ktistl,
or sacred cord, is woven only by women
. J at. I i i
vi ui.i priest iy cinss, ami Is composed
ot seventy-two white cotton threads,
the number enihlcmatio of the seventy
two chapters of tho Yasna. a portion
of tho Zend-Avesta. Humid tho child
dlo beforo tho performance of this cere
mony his son) Is supposed to return to
Ahura Manila, from whom It. came, as
pure a when It entered tho world,
not havingjet reached the age of moral
Childhood Is the usual time of mar
riage, though It Is sometimes con
traded beetwen iT.iun.im ,.i..
To the parents of the brldo and groom,
who make all arrangements, the event
Is one of absorbing interest, and Is at
tended wfth much ceremony ami dis
play. The Pari.ee women hold an hon
orable position; they are allowed to
appear In public, to mingle in society
aud to them Is given lull charge of
Hiinnlng out Into tho sea from tho
west,, part of llomhay Island rises
Malabar hill, a picturesque ridgo, ter
raced to the ton. and
teal trees ainl I.. ... l ,i '
I Is a sixth square tower, and here art
t 1 l. . i it j : .... l .
urouKiii. i"c uuuirai vi criiinn&ift, ostra
cized in death as in life, for their bones
must not be allowed to touch those of
On ttio iron gates which guard the
entrance to the garden Is a notloe that
only l'arsees are allowed to enter the
sacred precincts. Could we pass be
yond the gates and approach one of
the towers, we should lind it to consist
of solid masonry for somo twelve or
fifteen feet from the ground solid
save In the center, where a well six
feet In diameter leads down to subter
ranean cliambers beneath the stone,
where are four drains crossing at right
angles, and terminating In holes filled
with charcoal. Tho top of this solid
cylindrical structure is divided into
seventy-two compartments or stone
coffins, arranged In three circles
around the well, their common center,
from which the divisions radiato. Here
again wo see the sacred numbers three
and seventy-two. A narrow ridge of
stone separates them one from the
other, and each circle is divided from
tho next by a pathway, tho smallest
lying around the well. Leading from
the single door which admits theNasa-
salar, or corpse-bearers, from without,
is another pathway crossing the others,
thus giving easy access to all the divi
sions, in tho outer clrclo of which arc
laid the bodies of men, in tho second
those of women, and in the third and
smallest those of little children. Ris
ing from this solid masonry, and join
ing it in tho samo lino, is a wall or
parapet some ten feet high, also of
stono covered with chunam, which
quite conceals the interior from view.
After the solemn ceremonies conso
crating the towers to their special use,
only the corpse-bearers may enter, and
an otner persons are forbidden to ap-
proncn wiiuin mirty lect.
When a medical attendant decides
that a Parsoe can not recover, a priest
is sent for, who approaches tho bed
and repeats various texts from the
Zend-Avesta calculated to afford con
solation to tho dying man. Prayers
are also said for tho forgiveness of his
Dins. When he dies a funeral sermon
Is preached, exhorting tho friends of
tho deceased to live puro anil holy lives
unit uiey may nine, mm in paradiso.
They are reminded that they must one
day bo called from this world to the
presence of (iod to givo a full account
of their deeds here, and as they do not
know how soon that may bo they are
urged to prepare for death, and to
meet it wilh a resignation and willing
ness. Kiches, wealth,' influence and
friends have no avail In tho next world.
Thoso who desire to reneh tho eternal
paradise, must spend thoir days hire
In holiness and prayer, and in doiu
good to their fellow-creatures.
Tho sermon lasts about nn hour, and
concludes with the words: "May God
have mercy on the dead!"
Tho body is brought down to the
ground-floor (where It was born),
washed, iiorfumed, wrapped In a white
sheet and placed upon an iron bier. A
log is brought to gaze at the dead face
of his master to drive away evil spirits.
Several priests attend and repeat
prayers for tho repose of the soul of
mo departed and that it mav aafidv
roaco it destination, which it is sup
posed to tlo on tho fourth day after
The relatives and friends all
in token of rcsnect. and tin.
..I .I I . a
ciati in puro who far
THE HAT BUSINESS.
Prarlta of Taavd In Wtilrb Chang ea la
Style I'lajr aa Important Fart.
A reporter desirous of information
asked a Brooklyn gentleman formerly
engaged In the retail hat business in
tills city whether exceptional profits
were made in that line of trade. He
"The profit in the bat business ranges
from 25 to 50 per cent. There Is more
money in cheap hats .than high-priced
ones. For instance, when I was in the
business I sold a five-dollar bat (Derby)
on which I made a little over a dollar
profit For the quality of hat named I
paid $15 per dozen. 1 also sold a bat
for i'i 50 which by the dozen cost me
vtmio on a cheap bat I made
profit of 1.60, on a better duality I re
ali.ed much less money. I would rather
sen mrce one-dollar oats tfian one
three-dollar one. WhyP liecausc there
Is more money in tho cheaper quality
of hats. Wool Derbies which sell for
one dollar each cost from five to eight
dollars per dozen, ror a tnno a wool
hat will make as good an appearance as
- f.l. I.... .l . .1 . .1
u ii'ii one, out wnen ine rain si rises ine
wool the hat loses its glossy appear
ance. Probably you don't notice it,
but silk hats are not worn so much now
as formerly. Certain sets of Americana
or Anglo-maniacs havo discovered that
hnglishmen in a measure have tabooed
the high or silk hat. This fact may
have somo thing to do with it present
unpopularity, ui course, for dress oo
casions, the silk bat is the thing, but I
think a fine quality of Derby makes
almost as good an appearance Jn com
parison with former years but few high
white hats have been worn during the
past summer. High hats are unwieldy
for business, and should only be worn
by elderly men in tho day time. What
can be more ridiculous to a man of taste
than to see a high silk hat worn with a
short coat or a Norfolk jacket? Yet
men who pretend to know how to dress
often commit this breach of good form."
"What is the prevailing stylo In
trees ami s iruba and it i k u ft
among which are scattered the luxtiri
ous homes of the more wealthy real
dents of the city, both Indian an.f Kuro
poan. Ine summit of this hill (.om.
mand a view of surpassing beauty
At its foot, on the right, lies the sea
side village ofllrcacli Candy; on the
left the city of llombay, with its beau
tiful bay and harbor studded with rooky
Island, the blue water of the Arabian
ea widening out in Hie distance on ono
hie and tho ranee of ti... v..i....
(.hauls rising on tho other, tnworin"
pndly to the height of six thousand
fee and stretching along the lino of the
maln-lMiid coast as far as the eve can
There, In the midst of a garden of
loveliness, where the silence seems sa-
..... every suggestion is one of
peaceful ret, u, lltrs,.,.si have erected
heir Mtgris r Houses of Prayer, and
J' I (.wento Silence In which "they lav
their dead. In the largest Sagnwlth
rvlig Ion. ceremony, they kindled years
ago he sacred lire, which, being,,,
l-n ly fed with Infuse and fragrant
wood, is never allowed to go out.
the larsees emphatically deny the
c.mimo.. imputation that th"ey worship
...r. u. c an ng u,Mt they hold it saeivd.
a u. v ' 0,11 l"".v " mlH.I of
.. ..... .,.n.Mer latignt that "earth.
..r nmi water should never bo defiled
IllltlVfvill.. it.... I. l...a
es should be dissipated as rapidly as
LT:r,:iu.,,,' .h.t neither
.-.." i .nn nor the Im nga h0 .,.
Ishe should be !n tU nluXJ ."
contaminated." Tothe U.t ... ...
incuts (which arealwavs furnished new
for every funeral), raise tho bier ami
bear the, body from tho house, while
me mourners niter loud cries and
lninenlatio:,s. Priests in" full dress
lead the procession, in which are only
the male friends aud relatives of the
tieceased. ihev, too, are dressed in
while, and walk two by two, each
couple joined by holding 'a white hand-
korcnicl lielween tin m.
mien the hearers reach tho path
leading to Mio door of the tower, they
place the bier upon the ground and un
cover the face of the dead, that the
menus may tako a last look, and all
reverently Dow, after w hich tho mourn
it turn nacR, and enter ono of the
nagn, ami pray for the departed spirit.
1 he bearers proceed to the tower, and
unlocking the door, carry their burden
within, and quickly lay it uncovered in
ono of tho stono receptacles. In two
minutes they appear with thd empty
bier and white sheet, and tin. tli Mir tai int
sooner closed behind them tlnn numer
ous vulture, that have Im-cd sitting nl
mo.t motionless In a circle on tho ed"e
of the parapet, swoop down upon (Ce
bodv, and in a few minutes return and
azily settle themselves njrain, having
eft nothing behind but a skeleton. The
bearers, on cHing t!( tower, proceed
to a building shaped like a huge barrel,
where they balhe and change their
clothes, bringing out their polltud
funeral garb and casing it aside tipmi
a receptacle of stone prepared for this
purpose. None f ti,eS Knm.nts ,.
u-iiio ine gamen, let th
lamination with them..
I he skeleton is left to be bleached
mm wasiic.1 i.y sun nml rain, and w hen
mice or lour Week have paed, the
jianio bearers return, and with gloved
hands and Instruments like ton.rSdroi
lit., Iu...- I..... !. .: I . . . .. n . I
..... ....,., ,,u ,s5 resting place
the central well. The peculiar dlltiei
of the Nasasalar are considered so in
separable from dclilcnient that, form
lug a distinct class, they are compelled
to live quite apart hum' tho rest of the
community, and as a partial romi.na-
...ni mr inetr isolation they are line-rally
yam r.r their services. llarvr't
cy cany con
I. i... i ., nkscarce-
T 'belongs tho name of towers, sopeeti.
ir are their prt-Hrtion. H.,iir
, 'ade of calcined
she! s they gleam aun.ng the luxuri-
olid masonry. The largest of theTive
J abonl forty f,v, in diaLter. and 5
more than twenty-tive In height. The
alleat .nd oldest w a, bniir,,;,,,
Sr. t iy,iT ,f;"h,,,, iU v
first set led in lt.,mbay. and has Invn
ust donlyb, hi. def endants. The.,-
ond wm riveted In lT.-tt, .ml ,10
r"J.-ning th,.. at in.erv.is during Z
follow ing century.
bUud.i.g quite, , a, t f,vm ti,0 othm
.-iiosi persons havo opinion. Now
and then a person has convictions. A
man w ith an opinion is of small con
sequence for or against a cause
about which ho has an opinion. A
man with a conviction Is always a
power in the direction of his convic
tion. A a rule, the men who have
opinions are wailing to be led by men
who have convictions. Commonly one
man with a conviction can lead, av
from one hundred to live million, men
who merely have opinions. In ,
great thing t httVR t W.u j.,,,,,,,,
conviction -on any subi. t t; and it it
comparatively . rare thing.-.S. S.
7 1 met. "
"What i Ihn .11..
J. mi yon
ohnson. you bark so?'' "til, ,.'...k.
Ing. only I slri.t OUt lindxp a. If... I...
hats?" was asked.
"The stylo differs but littlo from last
year. Tho brims nrc, perhaps, curled
a littlo more, and in many cases tho
crowns are made lower. Mill, a man
who boiiL'ht a hat Into last snrinsr
might wear it through tho winter, that
Is, if ho doesn't wish to follow the stylo
in the minutest particular. Theptih'lio
have an erroneous idea that a hat be
comes a man and not that a man be
comes a hat. It Is nil nonsense that
certain men can't wear different shaped
hats simply because their uhysiogo
mics are peculiarly formed. When
you go homo take down a bar, if you
havo preserved it, that you wore say
lour years ago, put it on and look in
tho glass. In your own eyes and thoso
oi oiners you cut a ridiculous nruro,
but still you wore that hat four years
ago and no one remarked any tiling
odd in your appearance. by this
. ...n.uu IIIMMIl H mieiu mice, VO(l
nuL9 w;...i.. i..w...r.n. l 1.1 I. .. . ...I.' I.
on. k7iiiiMJ .1(1.111 lilu OKI 1111. WI1IUI1
you put on is out of style, and tho
styles since you bought it havo been
so different that it appears old fashioned
in your sight. If you observo closely
ine nuts worn ty your friends von will
find that it is not tho hat which be
comes tho man, but the man who be
comes tho hat. Do you remember some
years ago when tho Knglish curled
brim hut was so much worn? Tho style
tho previous year was not nearly so
niucn cun. and hatters who had stock
left over simply curld their hats to tho
prevailing stylo. It is seldom that
hatters can disposo of their over stock
in tno manner named."
"What becomes of the hats left over
In stock each season?"
"They are sold or given awav.
Farmers who are on to the trick will
on entering a store ask for tho last
season's style. They don't care if the
hat is just a trifle out of stylo if they
can buy it fifty per cent, cheaper. Ir
responsible hatters who do a transient
business often sell a countryman off
season styles at the samo prices ob
tained for prcvailim? ones. Hats which
can't be sold are sent to male institu
tions. Hatters often sustain heavy
losses in stock left over. Stock left
over and big rents have much to do
with the high price of hats. If I should
leavo tho country for ten vears and
hold no communication w itli those at
home, I could lind out whether times
were good or bad bv a visit to a hat fac
tory. When times are flush manufac
turers make tine qualities of hats, and
when they are dull the poorer qualities
have the lanrest sale."
Do not manufacturers chance their
styles for the imrtiose of cimincllimr
fashionable men to purchase new hats
In a measure, yes. If the styles
were not chan:ed each season the fae.
lories could not be kept running. Soft
leit hats nre popular with many men.
1 hey are cosily, ami are worth from
live to twelve dollars each aecordln"
lo quality." l!iwk'i;n A'dy'c
THE SOLDIER'S REST.
On of tha Mnat I'ulqa Institutions
Drought Into KiUtcnca bf tha War.
Among the many institutions which
were brought Into existence by the war
in this city was the Soldier's Rest and
Retreat Many citizens are now en
tirely Ignorant of this institution.
Thousands of those who were refreshed
therein by food and lodging when on
the way to the front have now forgotten
even the location. The institution was
located near the north end of tho Haiti-
more & Ohio depot, on tho line of North
Capitol street, between C and D streets,
and was established immediately after
tho first battle of Bull Run, July 21,
1HG1. Tho building takon possoss:on
of s a retreat is still standing, although
In i dilapidated condition, and is now
osmj as a store house. It tad previously
been nscd by Mr. J. P. Crulchett as
tho Moimt Vernon cano factory, where
mementos from tho resting placo of
tho father of his country wore
prepared for the market. It cov
ered a spaco of about 40 by ICO
feet of ground and whs mado into a
dining hall, where often as many as 600
of the boys in blue took meals standing.
At the time it came into existence the
city was full of soldiers, many having
been stampeded from liull Run. Iho
terms of servico of many had expired,
whilo others had just arrived on their
way to the front. It was iriven the
name of "Soldiers' Rest Receiving and
Forwarding Depot for Troops" bv
Captain Ucckwith, Commissary of
Subsistence, who appointed as Su
perintendent Mr. James H. Soarlo,
now living at No. 9 Sixth streot,
northeast. Mr. Scarlo continued
during the entire war. A force of
cooks and waiters were employed, and
in kitchens erected outside the prepara
tions for tho meals were mado. In
theso kitchens wcro tho cauldrons for
soups, etc., two of a capacity of 140
gallons each, and twenty-five others
ranging from 30 to 00 gallo'is. Tho
bread was at first obtained from tho
npitol bakery, located in tho rooms on
the west, front of tho Canitol base
ment, and afterwards near tlio observatory.
It was not long beforo it was found
necessary to enlarge tho depot, and
General (then Colonel) Rueker caused
to bo erected frame barracks east of the
"Rest" from tho timber from tho old
Lincoln inauguration ball building n
Judiciary square. Then Captain Kd.M.
Camp (afterwards Major) was j laced
in charged of the depot
Tho capacity of this depot was simply
wonderful, for on one occasion, with but
a few hours' notice, 20,000 men were
M.. J ...-il a . s 1
iuu wiinin iweiiiy-iour hours, - soup,
broad, coffee, ham pork, tongue, beof
ind hard-tack being on tho bill of faro.
This was dono without any friction
whatever, for, as near as possible, 00
wcro marched ta tho tables at a time.
Tho serving of meals and lodging sol
diers was not all that was done, for tho
exigencies of the serv o ! often required
cooked rations to bo furnished, and to
1:11 tlie.-e orders tho forco had to be
augmented often so as to work night
and day. It is estimited, from tho re
ports made by Major Camp, that during
tho four years' exit.cnco of the depot
20,000,000 meals were served to sold.crs
dur ng tho w ar.
Sometimes bailors and exchanged
prisoners wore regaled here, and to
wards tho closo of the war when Con
ilarate prisoners were sent here, they
were also entertained. Near the end of
hostilities a number of Confederates had
descried and come within tho Federal
lines, and when they readied the
"Rest" they were so pleased with the.r
entertainment that they asked the priv
ilege of coniplimcntng the ollieers un
Asr whom tno Rest was established.
This request was irranted. and Maior
Camp, General Rtickcr, Secretary Stan
am and tho President were serenaded
bv a band mndn nn i,t riesnitintr mnii.
cfans. Washington Star.
A TERRIBLE DISEASE.
Farming in America.
Farming in America is to a creat ex-
Minerals in New South Wales.
New South Wales abounds in miner
als of commercial value. Tho aggre
gate value of mineral raised in New
frwith ales up to the end of 1.S8.5 was
i.'M.tM.fi'.i.s, made up of the following
amounts: Cold i.:i(i.UV..x;U, silver
oW,i, coal JCi;,oi:i..')04. kerosene
shale X'Ki.S.4;i7, tm iu.y.'U.so;). copper
14,7!i.5M, iron :;', 1. MS. anlinw.nv
Ai--217. silver lead i'.s;.7,r.'6. asbestos
I'm bismuth illo.oio. aud other
mineral i'jn.iot,. During ix,s5 19$
miners were cuiraced in minim. t.Jtv.
f. J , I-." - V 1IV
ollowme minerals: (ioid .V'lii
coal and shale 7.10. tin s S'l.', -il.-...
1.513, copper l.t.. 1. slate 20. ir.., ian
llandrt. KrnilH. Me.elrlar.hn;
llmiilrl, W. mlfl. J.i.l..olin:
Wuilrr. Ililtf r. Ilriu-r, Kram;
fmitiow, Ikilow, lluiow. Cams;
lUnfcMt, jansrn. JrnMn. K el:
f iii.l... (ia.lr. luad. m rl:
Naiimaiin. Nruinano, II unrif rfurat!
rnmnn. II eniauo. l tuvr, Wursi.
Korhlrr. IWhlfr. I ut astoln
Kinitnrl. Hummd, Uumtisiv b'
laiirr. Ilau-r vk;
Hoiutwnr. I'Nimtwnr. K norke.
Mfirrr, llarrr, Matrrtwr;
Mrfr, Wrvrr. kt-irirr. lrr;
Mm, W .11. Mrn, Crw. It II. K rwi RlM
tent carried on by machinery, the farm
laborers are often tho farmer's own
sons and daughters, and it is by no
means uncommon to seo a male agri
culturist in a "claw-hammer" coat ami
"stove-pipe hat rirdmsr the plow.
while several young Indies with 'Lanir-'
try bangs to their ha r and dress-improvers
to their skirts are shucking
peas in the barn, or churnine cream, or
squeezing curds lor clieeso 111 the dairy.
Theso damsels would, as a rule, spurn
tho bare idea (if go ng into domestic
service; and when they lack tho cu
pac ty to becomo "sell ol-marnis,"
they contentedly slay m the r country
home, where they wo'rk ten times harder
nan tho farmer s daughter does in Kn-
lan.l. They cook, they wash and iron,
they do doincst.o "chores;" but they
are all young ladies, they all have par
asols, and own carte-doVs te albums
and birthday books. London TJt-
Tha Spread of Glanders and Practical
Meant of Liotretlng Its Praaanca.
The prevalence of glanders in many
States, and especially in some stables
of our larger cities, the contagious na
ture of tho disease, and the difficulty
in disinfecting a stable carrying the
contagion, call for tho utmost care in
buyinir horses, and the necessity of
having a thorough inspection when the
disease is suspected. Tho loathsome
nature of glanders, its virulence there
being no known cure for the disease
and the fact that It is freely communi
cated to man, and when communicated
there is no hope of recovery, mako it
doubly important that the disease be
detected at the earliest possible mo
Unfortunately, this disease assumes
various forms, all fatal, and often a
long time elapses before the most viru
lent and fatal form of the disease shows
itself. In the incipient stage, as farcy,
for instance, there is no chance of
eventually saving the life of the ani
mal. Hence the necessity that the ani
mal be killed as early as possible.
Tho horse with glanders or farcy is
dangerous not only to every other
equine in the stable, but also to all that
an lnicctcu. annual may come in con
tact with. A stable once infected it is
lillicult to eradicate tho contagion,
'lenee it Is criminal to sell tho horse
.nee tho disease Is suspected. The
.Iain duty is to have a careful lnspcc
lion made by a competent veterinarian
i'o enable every horso owner to judge
.or himself, measurably, the symptoms
t. ....... 11., ..i.:i,:....i " ..!. j
"i iir.iu.iij cAiiiuiiuu may assist in uo
ictniining whether a disease may be
glanders, even though the horse may
'ie able to do bis work, and with noth
ing appearing wrong to a casual ob--crver.
twitbstandiiig this he may
be able to communicate the discaso if
lie be infected himself.
In the acute or pronounced stato of
tho disease, thcro will be a staring
coat, the pulse will be nccleratcd,
eyes watery, appetito impaired, and
with general prostration. Yellowish
or purple streaks may be found in the
fw nibrane of tho no.se, and with a dis
charge from one or both; first watery,
and at length sticky or mucous. Snia'll
elevations may be observed upon the
memorane uy turning tip the nostrils,
moo win eventually change into ma.
iignant nlecrs of irregular form and
color. W hen theso symptoms are pres
ent, any horse-owner may determine
tho disease as well as the practiced
veterinarian. Glanders and farcy are
one and the same disease; a specilic
innnuu ailCf llllg 1110 WI1O10 System.
When it attacks the membrane of the
nose.thc lungs andthelymphaticglands
ueiwevn me oranciics ot the lower jaw
it constitutes glanders. If tho lym
phatic glands and other tissues of "the
legs and body are swollen it constitutes
farcy, and while the two forms of the
disease may occur separately, us
ually the symptoms of both will
show in tho Ranieaiiihial. Tho virus is
contagious and lasting, but only by ab
solute contact, and the contagion is by
the virus of tho ulcers of glanders or
larcy, each being capablo of inducing
either form of tho disease. This virus
is so lasting that a year even mav
elapso after a hitch, ng post, manner,
etc., have received it. and yi t the ob
ject be capable of communicating the
Farcy Is recognized bv one or sll of
U. l: 'l. . 1 : " .. . ...
mu ninos ueingswoiien, Dy swellings
along the lymphatic veins of the limbs
or any part of the body. Small nodules
called farcy-buds will appear and
eventually break and discharge
glairy matter, dry up and leave a bare
spot or scar, which remains. Others
successively appear, follow the same
course, and the disease eventually as
sumes the fatal form of p-landers. "
There is no possible cure for the dis
ease, whatever empirics may pretend.
Tho only successful issue is to destroy
the animal, bury deeply or burn in a
furnace, and then thoroughly disinfect
every portion of tho stable. "A prepa
ration of corrosive sublimate will do
this when applied under the direction
of a veterinary surgeon; but where it
may be applied a jet of highly heated
(dry) steam is the surest agcut known.
Sale of Public Lands.
CommVsoner Sparks has mado his
report showing the sale of public lands
for the fiscal year ending June 80. It
exhibits cons derablo activity in public
lands yet, the entries amounting, dur
ing tho year, to i0.9ill.9o7 acres, for
which was received $7,412,967. The
greatest number of acres of land were
taken up in Kansas. 5,636.324, or 17,
615 farms of Sl'O acres each. Next
comes Nebraska, where the entrcs
were 3.511.518 acres, or 10.973 farm, nf
320 arres. Dakota follows. With pntriAQ
amountinjr to 3.075.0M arret nr o fioo
farms of 320 acres. In Colorado' the
entries w ere I. .',(). 4 acres, and in Cal
ifornia 1.34,t78 acres. ln the rest of
me .-sates ana jerntones the entries
were less than 1,000.000 acres, the
rreate.si number be.ng 911.554 acres in
Montana. l"rairie Farmer,
Came to this ennntrr
twenty vears ago S. F. Cross was post,
master here, and when the mail arrived
a very large crowd would gather in the
office and the postmaster would call off
all the lotters,aitl the bystanders would
pass them over heads 'lo the owners.
LvtrybotiT knew then who was getting
a letter sn) various were the remarks
made when certain Hemps were railed!
The l ox swtetu WA.j rli-o-t imknowp
then - S'.jtv (.1,.,.; , n,,-
A STRANGE SAIL.
Curlnua Appraranre ir the lilirantle Sword,
flsli of tha Indian Ocean.
In the warm waters of the Indian
Ocean a strango mariner is found thai
has given riso to many curious rale
among the natives of tho coast there-
.t ri . k
aooui. nicy tell or a wonderful sail
often seen in the calm seasons preeed
ing the terrible hurricanes that course
over those waters. Not a breath then
disturbs the water, the sea rises and
oms iiho a vast sheet of rlass: sud
tlenly the sail appears, glistening with
nn pnrpie an.t golden hues and seem
mgly driven atonrr bv a mio-hir u i...i
Unit comes, quivering' and sparkling a.
if bedecked with gems, but only to?lis
appear as if by magic. Many travelers
had heard with unlielief the strange
iie, out one uay the phantom craft
ncma.iy appeared to tho crew of an
Indian steamer, and as it tinea,.,! k..
under the stern of tho vessel, the queer
was seen 10 ueioilg 10 a gigantic
Buf ,r.l. H..K ....... I . " ..
i ' . .nown as me sailor
hsh. Tho sail was really an enormously
developed dorsal tin that was over ten
tei nign, ami was richly colored with
blue and iridescent tints; and as the fish
swam along on or near the surface of
,U wl,'r. uiis great hn naturally waved
to and fro. so that from a distance it
could easily be mistaken for a curious
Somo of these fishes attain a lenrth
of over twenty feet and ha lr
crescent-shaped tails, and long, swordl
". snouts, capaoie of doinir
In the Mediterranean Sea. a sword
rh ,s found that also has a hteh fln.
...ii is ooes i not cpial the great sword-
.! ! w ,'h.e.In,,hl Owana '. Bolder.
11 , Stcholtix.
-I nsoners at tho stockade in At
work. Orders have been riven th.t n
any more refuse each one shall receive
hirty-nine lashes on the back.-Jana
DlalnUrmlad Advice Whlnh I.
Cheerfully and KnthuilaUeaIlr
. Aminadab writes: "How shall l
to work to write for the papers?"
only on one side of the paper unless
course, you are writing on both giuV
tho question. Don't write on the ed
of the paper, because paper is ton n
Rolled manuscript rolls too easily 0tr I
...Ul It. . JUJ
cuiiui a inuio, nuu uo can t hffn
chase around the room; fold it n..
that tho editor can readily see that
the flattest tbing that ever cam .
the office. Always inclose stamtw. ,
uiuuiy ui luciu, uui ior me purtwwt
i.uuiisiiniK mo siniu ,9, uui as nn .
dence of good faith nnd frienj.hi,
hey will always be acceptable and cc
handy. Always have a margin aroi
your pages often if you leave them
margin it win do Dettcr. Writcleg,t
if you do not write annsibly. n,
every sentence with a capital, ah!.,.,'
there is nothing elso capital in it j
very particular about your "head" lin. 1
tuousrh none of the other lines ..,
any thing like "head."
When you think of it and can tin ,
a period or some other solid impedim;
at the end of a sentence to keen it f.
sliding upon the next one and knix-li
it clean off the other end of them.
n .... i. ..i .. .. I"
uv ouiu juu umo pioiuy oi punctual.,
points in your article, even If itconut
no other points of any kind. (ii
plenty of dash thoue-b. the editor.
supply a good deal of the dash if it ft'
into his hands.
After it is finished the proper w;
would be to go through it and here u"
there and everywhere scratch out, it
continue scratching, until there is noli
ing left to scratch out any more. Tt
blots in your MS., to be effectiv,
should be of some artistic shape, so ri
can easily take up your pen and toV
tip their outlines. An artistic edit,
hates unsightly blots. Occasionally J
luipiuwiuu miiu grammar, i
Never sit down to write an article i
a paper without a subject, unless ).
happen to havo nono handy. Nevi
allow personal feeling to bias" you, ur.
less you think tho man deserves i
then go in. Never write any thin
that you would not bo willing to a."
for pay and plenty of it Do not rosk
your articles too long, unless von
wueiu you can get your writing papc
cheap. A largo pilo of manuscript
while it makes the editor' ee glw
with the prospect of how much it i
fetch him at a cent a pound at the pap
mill ami help out his weexly paper biii
is apt to creato mistakes. A melu
choly case of tho kind occurred in the
editorial rooms last weoK. A yotw.
man. with intellectual hair and e'lbon'
intelligently threadbare, entered an
approached tho enrthmiako editn
bowed formally and asked, coulldenth
"Are von the propr ctor, sir?'
The editor had just eot to where th
houses began todancoand waltz aroun
the s(iiares and the earth yawned asi;
was being so rudely awakened from ii
sleep, when with h s right eve follow
ing his flying pencil, his left slowlv wor
i - , "i- ... .
nroonu aim, oecoming stationary, fixe
kscii on me young man.
i i . "... ....
n u iinvo aireauviet ine conirant on
for paporing this room," ho said, as In
let his left eye drift back to keep com
pany with tho other one at work.
"Paper this room!" sad the voum
man, wun surprise ana crease snots a
"Yes, we want no paper-hangers."
"But, sir, I am no pai er-hanger."
"Judging from those rolis of wall
paper under your arm I supposed tha'
j on were, excuse me lor a moment.
"Wallpaper! I beg your pardon
this is a story I have just completed ii
seven chapters: 'The Inendescm
Muskalomre, or. trom French Flat tn
t.ie ht. Clair Flats, by L M. Flatt' "
Then ho turned white exeunt his
shirt and backing towards the door,
fairly hissed through his nose: "Wail
paper! Sir, I would not let vou have
this slory now for double it tiri. I'll
take it to some other ollico, I shall, sir."
Here he tripped and disaDDeared dnwi
stairs, MS. and all.
Yes, Aminadab, the field for vounir
writers is very larjre. and even tr.onrn
you should lind that yours turns out to
be the corn field, vou Van sit down nn
puinpkin and r -m. mberthat these little
nubbins of adv co wcro offered us freelv
as the air that blows or the sweat that
Hows from your nose. If vou nr bml.v
in need of any other informnti nn !o nrt
fail to write, and don't forget the stamp.
A. 11". licllaw, in Detroit Free Press.
A Dangerous Man.
"f understand, SoMcy, that vou are
going to board at Mrs. McCarty's this
season," observed Nibson.
"That is the arrangement"
"You had letter lookout for her hus
band." "What is the matter with h!m? Ho
seems to bo a quiet aud unobtrusive sort
of a chap."
"Ho is a terrible man. He carries a
carvin?-kn fe, and will do you a great
deal of damage if vou don't keep on the
right side of him.''
"Mercy on us! Is he a murderer?"
No; but he dors the carving for tha
hou.-e, and he will be sure to tnv vnu
the toughest parte of the steaks and'the
roasts.' Drakes Traveler'! Mnnnziat.
It Almost Took His Breath.
"Darringer. that was polite in yon to
give your seat to that lady in the car
"Wed, yes, Bromley. I alwa vs f it to
bo polite. I was extremely embarrassed,
"She thanked me. It was an unex
pected thatita'moft took my breath. "
i i..i..uiymu iwi,
Happy Effect of the Climat .
"I have gained threo pounds in one
day," said Robinson.
"How do you account for that?"
"Kffect of the cl mate. I have nut
on all my heavy clothes." X Sun.
The Toronto Mai-', from a rarefnl
study of statistics, has found out that
the people of the I'nited States are com
paratively a sbon-lvcd race.