The Eugene City guard. (Eugene City, Or.) 1870-1899, June 20, 1885, Image 7

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fho Kind and Quality of Food Rwjulrad
far Working IIorsM.
Of the many millions of hones on
farm and elsewhere in this country. It
U certain that a large portion lose
much of their effectiveness from lack
of proper feeding. This is especially
true of farm horses, which are more
commonly fed with that which is most
easily secured or least easily sold, rath
er than whn that which carefully con
ducted experiments have shown to be
the best and cheapest. In the food of
boivei at active work the best will al
most always prove the cheapest, be
cause tho efficiency of a team is paral
leled by that of the men engaged in
using it. Farmers who complain of
dear help can not afford to keep it era
ployed either in iiBing a poor team or
one so badly fed that its natural effi
ciency is seriously .inpairad.
This subject has received most atten
tion from the managers of the street
car companies, city liveries und omni
bus owners, who all depend for their
profit on the cheapness and effective
ness of the'r team labor. Some of
the e have made many exp:r'ments in
iecding. and the result of these can be
profitably studed by farmers. The
work of street-car horses is more se
vere than is found at long times on the
farm. A horse that will thrive and do
cood work on hard paved streets can
be trusted with the same feed ng any
where. In fact, fa lure is never allowed
to arise from imperfect feeding. As
long as a horse's feet stand soundly
under him he can do a full day's work.
All this is done with street-car corapa
n es on a daily ration of sixteoa pounds
of ground corn and oats, mixed with
sixteen poumU of tincly cut hay for a
horse weighing 1,200 pounds. This ra
tion is varied somewhat to suit the in
dividual peculiarities ot different ani
mals. There are large and small eaters
among horses as among human beings,
but on the average this will be suffi
cient for horses of this weight.
Most farmers feed more heavily than
this and with a much greater propor
tionate increaso in bulk. . This consti
tutes a very common mistake in feed
ing. Kelying largely on hay to furnish
nutriment, the strength required to bo
exerted can not be hud without so largo
bulk as greatly to impede the horse s
freedom ot movement. We have known
farmers to feed more than tw ce as
much hay as is given in th's tation,
while diminishing the grain to tho low
est po nt or even giving none at all.
The horse, of cour.-e, cau live on hay;
but it is very unprofitable food to be
given him while at work. If hay is
given in excess at other t'.mss, or as
the main portion of his food, it will
cause unnatural, distention of .the
stomach, which will impa r h!s ellio en
cy afterward.
Ground grain is the cheapest form in
which nutriment ca:i ba given to work
ing horses. But to produce tho best
effect it should bo mixed with cut hay,
not to give greater bulk, for this the
horse's stomach does not require, but
to make the food more porous in the
Ftomach, so that the gastric juices may
more freely work through it Meal
alone, especially of corn which ha
scarcely any chaff, will compact in the
stomach and be less easily digest ble.
The heavy chaff of oats is one of the
reasons why this grain is so valuable
for horse feed. Another is the oat
abounds in n'trogenousormuscie-'orm-ing
food, and is therefore worth more
per pound where strength s required
than corn or oil meal, whose chief con
stituents are carbonaceous or fat-pro-duc'ns.
Regard must be had to tho kind of
work to be done. Liverymen, whose
horses are required to make fast time
on the road, feed more concentrated
food than the managers of street oar
horses. that porousness
of the food in the stomach is all that is
neoded to insure good digestion, the
meal ration may be proportion If in
creased. Just eno.igh hay cut up to
keep the mass of food porous, like a
sponge, is sufficient If oats are ground
alone, the hull of the oat will furnish
so much of bulk that little
cut bay will be needed, and
for a pait of this wheat bran may
bo substituted. Four or tivo pounds
of hay per day may t.ius bo mado ti
Ferve to givo bulk to a m.xiure 01 con
centrated food, consisting of torn and
oatmeal ground together with an addi
tion of bran, and perhaps a small quan
tity of oil meal, say a quarter to one
half pound of the latter in each feeding.
Tho bran and meal are excellent to
keep the bowels in good condition,
though just at the times of severe work
tho oil meal had bitter be omitted. It
is wiser policy to keep the bowels
working freely by judicious feeding,
rather than to allow tho horse to be
come constipated and then dose
physic. There is much more virtue in
bran and wheat middl ngs as food for
working horses than is "commonly sup
posed. In many places bran is sold as
cheaply by the ton as hay. For giving
strength it is more valuable pouud for
pouud, and it is nearly as good as cut
nay as a divisor of more concentrated
nutriment. Wheat middlings are also
excellent, but they need to te mixed
with a larger bulk of cut feed to insure
compaction in the stoma h. If hay
can not easily be obtained straw w.ll
answer as a divisor, though the quanti
ty of hay absolutely required is so
' rau.-h le s than is generally used th:it a
very little wdl sullieo for a horse's food
during the working season, pro.idcd
grain or meal can be had in abundance.
Owners of horses in cities have long
learned economy in the use of hay feel,
which might be profitably imitated by
many farmers. Having to buy every
thing that they feed, city people kooh
learn to calculate closely as to rompar
aiive cost and efficiency of feed. Too
many farmers act as if hny was pro
duced with little or no expense. Should
they reckon the interest on high-priced
land and the labor in securing the crop,
they might easily find their home-grown
hay the costliest feed their teams could
eat M.ost farmers are averse to sellirg
hay, which is usually proper enough,
as this has a tendency to exhaust their
Foils, but they have no such prejud ce
against sellirg the coarser g ains that
Uke from the toil a greater vah e than
t ic r ume we ght of the best timotbv
Lav Hence they feed hay and sell
C-a' n under the nJjtaken notion that
this is tha best way to maintain the
fertility of their farms. Tlioy should
know and consider that the manure
from a ton of wheat bran or wheat
middlings, contains more of the valu
able elements of plant food than the
manure from a ton of t mothy hav.
We are not advising farmers to sell
hay, but a plan of feeding which sub
st.tutos gra n or wheat middlings for
less valuable feed will enable them to
get more work from their teams, make
more valuable manure from their stock,
and thm enable them to do better farm
ing in every respect American Culti-cator.
Ihe Various Cses to Which They Arc
pllrd Tho Trade In New York.
What a marvel of skill and beauty Is
comprised in the mechanism and adap
tation of feathers, and yet how little
are these points regarded by those who
wear them and throw them carelessly
aside! Few persons ever have any con
ception of the extent of the trade and
the capital involved in the collect'on,
commerce and preparation of these ex
tensive spoils from the feathered tribes
which are now so eagerly sought for
by merchants and traders, who pate
the skins of feathers into the ultimas-
sier's hands, to be prepared for the use
of tho ladies; for the fair sex secure the
most clio ce and costly for themselves,
although they have not the exclusive
use - of feathers, as military eagle
plumes w.ll testify.
In New York c ty alone there are
about one hundred persons largely and
spec ally engaged in feathers, as im
port ng merchants, dealers, feather
manufacturers, plumassicrs, natural
ists, etc. The declared valuo of the
foreign feathers as received was in 1874
a little over $2,270,000. Fashion
causes great changos. To what var.ous
uses noes the ue .trover now applv the
covering of birds in different countries
tor quills and leathers in the arts and
industry, for upholstery purposes, for
adornment of the person, or for more
absolute clothing in garments, whethet
as muds or cuffs. "As light as a feath
er," has passed into a proverb, and the
commerce in bird skins and leathers,
extensive and valuable as it is, is nei
ther bulky nor ponderous. The largest
quill of tne golden eagle weighs only
sixty-live grains, and tho entire plu
mage ol an owl out an ounce and a
half, whde the feathers of a common
fowl of two pounds and a quarter will
only weigh throe ounces.
In the ostrich both barbs and bar
bulcs are long, soft silky and . apart,
and the barbulcs thus disposed charac
terize that form of the feather called
a plume, and which constitutes in a
commercial point of view the most val
uable product of b.rus.
The natural color of feathers is pro
duced by the internal arrangement of
tho colorless plates of horny matter
and not by a iy p'gment. This is also
tho cause of tiie iridescence of varying
shades of color on some beetles' w.ugs
and nacreous shells. - The different
thickness of tho horny fibers interferes
with the 1 glit and produces the play
of colors. Almost any artificial color
can. however, be given to feathers by
dyes, and taste, skill and artistic ar
rangement have done much to supple
ment the rich natural beauties of the
stolen plumes we appropriate so reck
lessly. The principal foathers entering into
commerce into any quantity are those
of the, vulture (so called i,
egret, osprev.'goose, swan, turkey and
Seacock. Ihe chief downs are eider
own, goose down, swan's down ar.d
estridge or ostrich down. The feathers
and down of many other birds are
used, but are of less importance. Al
though horsehair, woolen flocks and
a numb r of vegetable stuffing mate
rials have come into extensive use, the
feather bed as an article of luxurious
ease still holds its own in many circles.
The dressed feathers chiefly used are
those of tho white, gray and common
goose, and what are termed in the
trade poultry feathers, which include
those of turkeys, ducks and fowls. 'J o
fill a small-sized three-foot bed-t ck and
pillows about twenty-seven pounds of
feathers are necessary, according to
tho kind used; of poultry feathers the
most are required.
It has been aptly observed that a
love for feathers is among the prett est
vanities, the daintiest whims ol men
and women, i rora a str.ctly pu lo
sophical po nt of view it may be con
sidered exceedingly absurd to rob a
bird ot his clothes, and use them as
additional adornments to our own at
tire, liut fashion, both in savage and
aivlized circles, enforces strange va-
garies. 1 lie aoongnai races oi roriu
and South America, Africa, the islands
of the Pacific and Indian Archipelagoes,
eloried in their feather plumes and cor
" tt i.'. .. i.. .ii-. i..
OnetS, long ceioro ivuruj:ii wiius m-
areasod commeroo so largely in this di
rection. The jaunty hat has given a
great impetus to every novelty in the
jhape of feathers for decorating it
First, the pheasant plume wos intro
duced as an ornament for hats; then
followed the ptarmigan, peacock,
trogon, impcyan and argus pheasants.
lhlM heron, sea mill, black cock and
owl, and now almost every variety of
plumage may be seen in the nais oi m
Hi. H and childien. According to scarci
ty and fashion, some kinds of feathers
nnoasionailv command a fabulous
price. Thus certain s irts for hats have
reached fortv dollars to s xly dollars
the pound weight, relican leathers,
fmm their soft, velvety appearance and
their taking dyes readily, are in much
request; so are tuoso oi lue iiamingo,
anrl what are known In commerce as
lnnr and short osprev, which included
ihn''miioh-Drized short egret These
fpnthers ransre in price from four dol
lar to sixteen the otitic?, according to
the whiteness of color. A new ana very
nrntiv ornamental application of bird
Lin in that of the entire head and
plumage of some showy bird for fans
and Kr screens: and the brilliant little
h.l nf the hummine-bird family
handsomely mounted as necklets, car
pendants, brooches, eic. jonn novui
siMjf.ies of bird jewelry. Brooklyn
Even thieves and murleiers should
h treated humanely, but to serve
term in the Penitentiary ought not to
be to attend a picnic Kashvilk Amtr-
Fertlsa aad. Doaatotlc.
The Grooklyn Navy Yard has discharged
all its employe.
Forty carloads of ttrawbu-rlea are ar
riving dally in Chicago.
Doth of the Garfield boys eraduato at
Williams Colleee next month.
4 Small parties of tourists are now Kolna
through the Yellowstone Park.
Abe Butzard. the Pennsylvania outlaw.
has surrendered to the authorities.
The eloslnn ceremonies of the New Or
leans Ex posltioon took place on tha 1st lost
The Austrian Government will hereafter
prohibit ;the publication ot Sunday papers.
Durlnsr May. twenty-fnur vessels cleared
from San Franciseo tor Kurope, with flour
and wheat
At Aurora. III. Juue 1 James Palmer
and his hired man were fatally iujured by
Locusts are aDDearlns in great swarms
In the Southern States. In Texas a famine
is predicted.
A severe storm visited Chicago. June 1
Three men were struck by lightning and
instantly killed.
The seventv-flMt annual meeting of the
Baptist Missionary Union was held at
Saratogo, June 1st
The number of sulfides at Monaco, the
gambling resort of Europe, thus far this
season is placed at fifty-four.
Fred. E. Ilessitig. aired twenty-six. shot
himself through the heart in the univer
sity grounds at Madison, Wis.
Preparations are being; made at Fort
Worth, Texas, for a grand Confederate
reunion, to be held In August
There are MO 303.179 acres of land culti
vated by the farmers of the United States,
which Is valued at ?10,107,OUO,770.
Except peaches, which are almost a total
failure, all kinds of fruit in the lladson
river valley promises enormous yields.
Kentucky whiskey distillers have to pay
112,000,100 taxes on 14,000,000 gallons ot
Bourbon whiskey. The amount is now
Rev. Allen Wrlehl a Choctow Indian,
has been elected President of the alumni
of the Union Theological Seminary, at New
xerk. i
Fire at Ducansville, Pa., destroyed the
residence of Samuel Black, his two beys,
aged eight and three, perishing in the
W. II. Sutherland, proprietor ot the In
diana Dental College, at Indianapolis,
committed suicide with morphine at the
latter city.
An explosion in a colliery at Durham.
Eugland, caused the death of twenty-two
miners. The lives of over 300 men were
Two lives were lost by the bursting of
tile dam of Beaver Park reservoir In St
Vrain canyon, Colorado. . The damage is
estimated at f 10,000.
The trial of Louis Kiel will probably
commence at Reglna, Canada, about the
22d of this month, before Colonel Ulchard-
son, stipendiary magistrate.
The two newsDSoer correspondents who
have been excluded from the White llonse
for teleirraDhing stories of domestic diffi
culties will eontest the President's right
to bounce them.
Sealing is over for the season. The
avtrage ot thirteen Victoria vessels is 4lO
skins. The largest catch by one vessel
was 1.000 seals. The season is regarded
as unprofitable.
Fire destroyed 400 houses and Impover
ished upwards of 1000 people in a small
village in Northern Hungary. A man sus
pected of being the incendiary was seised,
and roasted alive.
At Jasoer. Ind.. Deputy Sheriffs John
Gardner and William Cox attempted to
arrest John and George Reeves, two des
peradoes. During tne struggle tne omcers
were fatally shot
Cameron: the special correspondent of
the London Standard, who was killed in
Egypt, was receiving a salary or fs.uuu
per year. I he stattaara nas arranged 10
care for his mother.
L. M. Reynolds. late First Auditor of
the United btates Treasury, tinea Him
self at the Southern Hotel. St Louis, by
jumping down the air-shaft to the marble
noor oi tae roiunaa.
At Eau Claire. Wis.. Edward Dupuls,
while at work in Walker's sawmill, fell
upon the lower layer of a 4-inch belt and
was carried around the pulley, being
crushed to death instantly.
tin to and inclusive of May 31st Miss
Lulu West, of St Laurens, 8. C had lain
helpless for fifty-eight days without a
particle of any kind of nourishment. She
was prostrated by a stroke of paralysis.
Aa John Newman, a wealthy cltisen of
Atlanta. Ua.. was driving across tne rail
road track when a passenger train was
approaching, the horse balked instead of
continuing forward, and the train rushed
ever the unfortunate nan, mangling him
to death.
Prominent cattlemen of Kansas have
chartered a railway to run from Dodge
City to Englewocd, a distance of 75 miles
southward from the Arkansas river to the
Indian Territory line. The association
styles itself "The Cattle Kings' Railway
"The Cook," a weekly hand book of
domestic culinary art, published by
Messrs. Connelly Curtis, New xork,
ahould be in the hands ot all house
keepers. It is bright and original, and
will be found Invaluable as an assistant
in the kitchen.
Near Wilmington, Del., June 1, Mrs. J.
W. Winn, a widow, and tbreeoinercnua
rpn. and Mrs. Tonv Stefane. were drowned,
The children were wading in the water
and getting beyond their depth. Mrs. Winn
and Mrs. Stefano went to their rescue
when all were drowned.
Near Reading. Pa., a boy 'named Chas,
Smith dropped a knife into a 25-foot well
and went down to get It, when he fell
over exhausted. Isaac Doyle, aged 1(6.
descended to rescue him, and was also
overcome. Both were taken out dead,
having been suffocated by gas.
A Chinese highbinder wsa recently ar
rested at Murphysboro, 111., for the mur
der of Detective Lou Johnson, of St Louis
He coolly confessed the crime, and said
he waa Dald 8'j0t for the Job by the Chi
nese gamblers of the latter city, whom
Johnson was instrumental In bringing be
fore the court.
The schooner Onward, from the sealing
grounds, arrived at Victoria, reports that
on the night of the 20lh ult she collided
with a whale, which was probably asleep
In the ocean, seventy-five miles from land.
The whale struck back, nearly throwing
the vessel clear of the water, and leaving
a piece of his hide on the side
of the schooner. The vessel waa nearly
capsized by the shock, but sustained no
damage, although every one on board
were thrown down.
At Chicago, May 81st, Louis Reume. a
drummer, shot and kuiea roiiceman um.
Barrett and severely wounded Lieut Long-
tin. Reume was intoxicated and bad taken
full possession of a passenger coach when
the train left Kansas City. At El Paso, 111.,
the car waa side-tracked, but Reume
rushed out and compelled the train hands
at the point of his revolver to couple the
car on again. When the train reached
Chicago, the offleere attempted to arrest
him, which was not aecompusnea mnui as
was mortally wounded.
WIIEAT-Per etl. vallev. Il.i71-31.30:
Walla Walla, 1.25l.sni.
FLOUK-il'er bbl, standard brands,
.M: super flue.2.60(a.2.75: country brands.
Di.AiNS-1'er etl small whites, f&fiO;
bayoa, S2.50; pinks. t!50; butter, f 150.
uv i icti-i-er lb, choice dairy, )&2oo:
country store, 10l5c: Eastern, JEJc.
CUKESE-Pr lb. choice local. L!3Uc:
Imported, 1215c.
DRIED FUUITS-Per ft, apples, 5S8c;
plums, d8c; prunes, tkgtilc; poaches, 13c;
raisins, 2.25 ? bx.
iiUUS-l'erdoi, 121ft
LARD Per lb. nails. He. tins. Eastern.
11c; tins, Oregon, lljc.
OAT MEAL Common, 93.50 f cu.
CORN MEAL-Perctl.3.
HOMINY-Per etl, S3.75.
RVE FLOUR-Peretl,4.
RICE Island. 85.S0: China, mixed.
ft.75. .
V EG ETABLES Cabbage, 2s; onions,
fcjc It lb; carrots, 60o V sack; turnips,
ouc; beets, SOc.
CANNED GOODS-Tomatoes, 2,-lb cans
dos, U5c81. gallons. 3.25: pie fruits.
assorted, $1.60, gallons, Ki.75; green com,
cur fcB-y lb, Guatemala, green, 11(9
121c; Costa Rica. 121c: old Government
Java. 20c.
POTATOES Quote In bushels : Garnet
chilis, 15c; early rose, 15c; Burbank seed
lings, 271c; peerless, 15c
POULTRY-Chickens. V dos, 1 1 1.50;
ducks, fo&O; geese, $78; turkeys, ? lb.
PROVISIONS Hams, if ft. ll13c; be
con, 10ei2ic,
I'lUKLES Per keg, fi.ssau.w.
SALT Liverpool. $1020 t ton.
SUGARS Ouotebbls: (A) patent cube:
74c; (A) crushed, 74c; dry granulated, 7Jo;
golden C, 6fc; extra powdered, 74c
CjSEEDS Wholesale to farmers fell, red
clover, 815; alfalfa, $18; white clover, $35;
alsike, $32; timothy, pi tree, $7.50; Ken
tucky blue grass, extra clean, $la; peren
nial rye grass, $15; red top, $12; orchard
grass, f lt4; rye black, fJ; bone meal, r
ton, $3b; bone phosphates, f lo.
TROPICAL FRUIT-Oranges. $1.75
3.00 f 100; Limes, $1.25; Lemons, $7 If
case: Bananas, $4.00: Cocoanuts, 8a.
liUAN I'er ton. IKXaJl.
MIDDLINGS Per ton, $2025.
GROUND BARLEY Per ton $21(123.
OATS Choice milling, 40c; choice feed,
HAY Per ton. $8.509.
HOPS-Per ft. 6(9c.
WOOL Valley, 1018c: eastern Ore-
iron. lOtaiive.
GRAIN BAGS-I'er lb, Calcutta, 0c
HIDES Dry, 16c; salted, 6(al7.
BROOMS-Per dos, $2.25(6.50.
Han Fraaelsee.
BAGS-Calcutta wheat bags, 5Jc.
FLOUR-Extra. $1.255.00 V bbl; super
fine. $4.75(23.75. '
WHEAT No. 1 shipping, $1.4Zi1.43
r cU; No. 2, $1.57141.40; Milling, $1.45(aj
BARLEY No. 1 feed. $1.30; brewing.
$1.40 for No. 1; No. 2, $1.30.
OATS Feed, $1.15 1.25 etl; Surprise
and choice milling, $1.35)1.60; Black,
CORN-Large yellow. $1.20ai.22H etl;
small, yeuow, ti.axgii.ict; wmia, fi.KHg)
RYE-$1.27J1.321 Vctl.
GROUND BARLEY-$27i28.50 ton.
MIDDLINGS-2ti22t? ton.
CRACKED CORN-$282tf?ton.
BRAN-$1415 ton.
BUCKWHEAT-$I.25(ai.50 tf cU.
CORNMEAL Feed, $27.5028.50 ? ton.
HOPS-4fc8c ft.
HAY-Barley, $7(11 V ton; alfalfa, $8
12; wheat, $10(o)io.
STRAW-65c&i5o if bale.
ONIONS-New, $2.12ig2.2l f etl.
POTATOES Early rose. new. 80cffl$l;
Peerless. 05Col85o; Garnet Chile, OSfeWlc.
Burbank seedlings. 65c: Petaluraas. 35c
BEAMs small white, ft.6Wiia.Kj r mi;
pea, $2&l; pink, fi.w91.oa; red, f 1.009
1.75; bayos, $2.602.871; butter, $11. 6;
lima, f 1.6091.70.
SEEDS-Yellow mustard, 2124c ft;
brown mustard. 2(D3o: alfalfa, $171i'0e;
canary, 3K4c; hemp, 3; Uax, 2i2Jc;
rape, imsic: iimouny, 0490c.
$33.50 r etl;
Marrowfat 8c.
VEGETABLES Cabbage, 750 r cu;
turnips, 60900c; beeta, 40900c; parsnips,
$1; carrots, 40900c; green peas, lfcUc If lb;
tomatoes, f a.uu9!i V oox.
FRUIT-ApDles. 2030cbskt; lemons.
Sicily, $0r,7: Los Angelos, $11.75;
bananas, flip? r nuncn; oiexican nines,
$11912 if box: California do, 60o$l tor
small boxes; lo Angeies oranges, ouc
1.10: strawberries. ISC 10 cheat; cherries.
309e5e if box; gooseberries. 4&8o V ft;
currants, $4g5 9 chest; raspberries, $109
12 V chest; peacnes, ouctgai r cox.
XJ ll LtU nut 1 UUU-U1 ITO MpiIVD, m,
1? for quarters and 2Jo for sliced; Allien tc
Plummer, 610c; pears, sliced, 6(ft6c;
whole, 4; plums, pitted, 71981c; do unpit
ted, l!(a2c; peaches, unpeeled, 7198c;
peeled, 13c; apricots, 9c; German prunes,
DRIED FRUlT-Sun-drled apples, lie ffl
k ' , Lit 1. LM a r-Kn, CmU-
Derries, iuc; vmuuiumi iK owu, '
fornla raisins, $191.60 for loose and $1.75
2 tor layers; London ao,
NUTS California almonds. 7S8e ft
for hard shell and 11913c for soft; peanuts,
4(o4jc; California walnuts, 794c: peean,
12(oU3c; niberis, lie; itrazn, iuc; nicaory,
KaAU rnrnanuts. 85 V 100.
HONEY Comb. 60lo $ ft for best
grades; candied, 4,(85c; extracted. 44Jc,
LARD-Callfornla, Una, 10-fbs, i0c,
h kjiWAA-&xui2JC v io tor yeiiow.
K.nllna O&Okc.
BUTTER t resh roll, lancy dairy, W9
21c ft; good to choice, 171919c; common
to fair, Itl9l7c; inferior store grades, 129
14c; pickle roil, cuoice new, zic.
CHEESE -California, 69IU0 V D; e
Ynrlr Cream. 17Hl71c.
EGGS 15917c V doxen for California
Eastern, 151916c,
PfHTT.TRY Geese. 11.25(21.50 V pair for
old and $1.752.25 far young; ducks, $59
6.25 V doxen lor old ana o&o.ou iur juuuk
hina. ,ta.7: old roosters, aomo; young,
$7910; broilers, $38; turkeys, live. 189
20c t ft for hens and lHfolUc for gobblers.
SALT Liverpool. lKcai.BU fn; wui'
fnrni fln tlln: HI- do. coarse. $10(312.
HIDES Dry. t lb. usual selection. 17(a)
18: drv klD. 17918: dry calf. 20c; salted
steers, 60 to twlbs. 8c
Til TO VUT llnnA fu. I It,.
WOOL-San Joaouln, H9U0 f ft
rhalr nnrthprn. lftO(20c.
SUGAR Drv granulated, Bjc: extra
fine cubes, 7c; line crushed, 7c; pow
itaroA ? ir flna nowdered. 8c.
SYRUP American renneryls quoted
at 30c in bbls. 32Jc in ht bbls, 37c In 6-gal
kegs, and 4 Jc in 1-gal tins.
At Lenneaa, Mo., Martha Thornbury
sued the C. B. & K. C. R. It for $5,tK 0
damages for the death of her husband,
John Thornbury, In the Grand River
bridge accident at Sumner, Mo., in June
1834. She was not successful, for her
husband has made affidavit that he is not
dead and was not In the employ ot the
railroad at the time specified above.
At Plymouth, Pa., the body of Adam
Brumm, aged 20 years, who attempted to
murder hie sweetheart, Catherine Bohn,
because she refused to marry him, was
found by bis own Newfoundland dog In
the Susquehanna river and dragged
ashore. Ilruram, thinking be bad killed
the girl, fled to the river and wading
out some fifty feet placed a revolver to hie
head and tired killing himself instantly.
Tho "law of tho road," as under
stood in Pennsylvania, was laid down
by Judgo Kiddle of tho Common Pleas
Court ot Philadelphia a few days ago.
It is to the effect that persons meeting
on the highway must eaoh keep to tho
right This rulo is modiliod in tho case
of a footman or a horseman, who can
not compel a teamster who has a heavy
load to turn out of the beaten track, or
even a light wagon with a heavy
draught If a horseman or light vchf
clo can pass with safety on tho left of a
hoavily-laden team it is their duty to
give way and leave the choice to the
more unwieldy vehicle.
-We had in 1880 nearly 2.00WX)U
'common laborers." Iho number 01
clercrvmen in 1880 was 64,000, against
43,000 in 1870; tho number of lawyers
64.000 in 1880,40,000, in 1870; the num
ber of physicians incrensed during the
decade from 62.000 to 86.000. In 1880
there woro 4,800 actors and 12,000 jour
nalists in the country.
British Columbia is realizing the
benefits of its excellent harbors and
magnificent forests. Two nulling com
panies with an aggregate production of
85,000,000 teot of lumber, are now
cutting exclusively for the export trado.
Thoy ship to China, Australia, Sand
wich islands, and even 10 r.nginnu.
A London firm of pencil-makers
manufactures its shavings and sawdust
Into an artielo which they call the ' Dust
of Lebanon." it is sprinkled upon tho
fire to remove tho unpleasant smell of
cooking noticeable in a room after a
Eugene City Business Directory,
BETTMAV, G.-Drr goods, clothing, groceries
and general merchandise, aouinwoal corner
Willamette and Eighth streets.
BOOK BTORK-One door south of the Aitor
House. A full stock of assorted box papers,
plain and fancy.
CRAIN imOS.-I)a!era in Jewelry, watches,
olooki and musical Instrument. iiiaineuo
street, between Seventh and Eighth.
DORRIS, n. F.-Dealer in stoves and tinware.
Willamette street, between Bevemn auu
FRIENDLY, & H.-Dealer io dry goods, cloth
ing and general merchandise, wuiemeiio
street, between Eighth and Ninth.
GILL J. P.-Phylolan, surgeon and druggist
poatoHlue, Wlllawete street, ooiween oevoniu
and Eighth.
HENDRICKS, T. O.-Dealer In general mer
chandise, northwest corner Willamette and
Mnlh streets.
IIODE3, 0. Keeps on hand fine wines, liquors,
oigara and a pool and billiard table, Willam
ette street, netweea jugnin ana muia.
HORN, CHAS. M.-Ounsmith, rifles and shot-
f uns, hreecn ana muinio loaacro, inr hmo.
topalrlng done in the neatest style aud war
ranted. Shop on Ninth street.
LUCKEY. J. S.-Watohmakor and leweler,
keepsa nne stock of goods In Ills lino, lllam
ette street, in Ellsworth's drug store.
MoOLARKN. JAMES-Choloe wines, Honors
and cigars, Willamette street, betwoen cignin
and Ninth.
PATTERSON, A. S.-A fine stock of plain and
fancy visiting cards.
PRESTON, WM.-I)ealery in saddlery, har
ness, carriage trimmings, etc, wiiiameiie
street, between Seventh and Eighth,
POST OFFICK-A new stock of standard
school books Just received at uie poet 011100.
RENSHAW, WM.-Wines, liquors and cigars
of the best quality Kepi oonaianuy on aauo.
Too beat billiard tauio in town.
T. C. Hendricks.
Having nurohaaed tho store formerly owned by
T. Q. Hendricki, we take pleaauro in in
forming tho ptihlto that wo will
keep a well aelected stock of
Dry Coods, Coots, 8hoes.
Crockery andrIbaccoH
In fact our atock will be found to be oompleto,
By honeet and fair dealing we hope to be able
W icoure a uuerui anaro wi m
publlo patronage.
and examine our stock and prices before
purchasing elaewnure,
Ws can always be found at the
Where we will take all klndi of Produce
. in eichango for goods.
Feb. . 1881.
HcClung & Johnson
Ws would announce to the citizens of this
county that having purvhaaud the entire UxM
of murclmndlae of the Lane County Mercantile
A au-iiit inn inniilralilr bolnw the orMnal
coat, and having added largely thereto by re
cent purchaaet for cash.
Our Stock is now Complete
And acond to none in this county. We cor
dially invite a careful eiaminatlon of our
ato:k, aa we snow we can giro yuu kwoiuuwuii
both in goods ana prioea.
ar Alsa Is to eU tho Best tioodsi
for tho lai Honey.
Call end examine our (foods and be con
vinced, even If you do not wish to purchase.
We always take pleasure In showing goods and
giving prices.
All Mi iMu UM a! W& KartetEates
Liberal Dlstoants for Cash.
Boot and Shoo Storo.
A. HUNT, Proprietor.
Will BOTMftor knp a eonpUU ttook of
Misses' and Children's Shoes!
Slipper, White and Black, Sandala,
nirz no shoes,
And In fact everything in the Boot aad
Shoe .line, to which 1 Intend to devote
my eapevlal atUntlon. .
And guaranteed as represented, and will
be etld (or the lowest
article can be atforde
prloea that a good
jV. Hunt.
Is the Life of Trade!
Will do work cheaper than any other shop '
lu town.
Horses Shod for $2 Cash
With new material all around. Reaettlng
old ahoe SI. All warranted to
give sallafacUon.
Shop on tha Corner of 8th and Olive Sti
C. 31. HOIIIY,
Practical Gunsmith
Fishing Tackles and llaterlala
Sewim Midlines anil Mil of All llnds for Sail
Repairing done in the neatoat stylo aad
Gum Loaned and Ammunition Furnished
Shop on Willamette St., opposite Poatofflco.
Book and Stationery Store,
rostofflos Building, Xugsnt City.
I hare on hand and am constantly receiving
aa assortment ot the best
Blank Boohs, Portfolios, Cards, WalUts,
Repairing of Watches and Clocks
axeoutod with punctuality and at a
reasonable coat.
Wlllasaetto Mtrect, JEageno City, Or.
Pumps, Pipes, Metals,
Eoqss ForMim Goods Generally.
And Satisfaction Guaranteed.
Eugene City,
- - Oregon.
Central Market,
Will koop constantly on hand a full supply (
Which they will stll at the lowest
market prices. .
A fair share of the publlo patronage solicited.
Wo will pay the hlphost market prlco for fal
cattle, bogs and sheep.
Shop on "Willamette Stfeet,
Meats dollrered to any part of tho city frro
of charge. juolt
TlTifintinnl Tlminrfrint 6 Hlinmint
HMUll Ullll3Uil0iIIIDl
Brashes, ralats, iilaas. Oils, Lrada,
Physicians' Proscriptions Compounded.