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About The Eugene City guard. (Eugene City, Or.) 1870-1899 | View Entire Issue (May 12, 1877)
ESTABLISHED FOR HIE ClSSEfllMTKN 0PDES0CRAT1C flUSClPLEMXD TO EARN AN H0XEST LlYft'G BY TUB SWEAT OP OCR IB ROW
ft 1 El I
WHOLE NO. 497.
F. R. ALEXANDER, W. H. ALKXAIIDKB.
Publishers and Proprietors.
OFFICE In Underwood's Brick Building,
over Craiu'i Jewelry Store.
KATK3 OF ADVEUTISING.
advertisements Inserted as fulluw. :
la square, 10 lino, or lew, one iusertion 13; eui-h
), icqaeut insertion 1 1. Cuh required in advance
Time advortisert will be charged at the following
One square three months 16 90
" one year
Transient notices in locul column, M cent per line
t r each insertion. - '
Advertising; bills will he rendere4 qearterty.
All iob wu- aut b r.ki eea ox mxiVKur,
Ifllee ITours Fniin la. m. to 7 p.m. Bandars
Ir. m S:M to p. ro.
Mail arrives (mm the south and lento, going north
10 a. ra. Arrives from tlie north ami leave, Join
rath at 1:3) p. ra. For Hiuislaw, Franklin and Long
T tin, elwttat S a.m. oa Welneiay. Fur Craw ford.
"V'llo, Camp Ci-eek and Rruwnsville at I P.M.
f nftten will be realr fiiv delivoi y half an hour after
rival of trains, letter, should be left at the olio
X-u hour before mails depart.
A. 8. PATTERSON, P. S.
Kimex lmnflc No II. A. F, and A. M
Meets first and third WeWiesdays in eiuh
Bpr.xi-Kft Bitttk Iiwir No. I. O.
rtO. t. Meets every Tuesday evening.
WlMAWHALA EifCAMFUKNT No. 6.
meets on the Aland 4th Wedaes lays in each mouth.
OOMS OVER MRS. JACKSON'S Mil
J has opened
' Dental Rooms per
manently in the
Kugene City, and respectfully solicits a Bliareof
the public patr.mv.fe. Refers by permission to
J.ll Cardwell, Portland.
G. A. MILLER,
DUCTAL UOOMS in DUNN'S
jlJl'ILDINU, EUGENE CITY.
fr.feses DENTISTRY AND ORAL SCIiGERV
A. IF. PATTERSON,
PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON,
AITIre on Ninth Street, opponlte the St.
Charlea Hotel, an ft at Kcsldeiice,
KlTOKNK CITY. OKKCxON.
'' ' B33. NICZLIN& SHIELDS,
HAVING ASSOCIATED IN THE prac
tice af Medicine, olfer their profus-sloiud
services to the citizens of Eugene City and the
aurrouadiai country. Special attention iHveii
t all OHS I'E 1'RlCAL CASES and UTE11
tXK DISEASES entrusted to their care. Bills
! when the service is rendered.
OlBcas on Ninth street and at the residence
' of Dr- .Nicklin on Willamette street, between
Niuth anil Tenth streets. se'2
TLR. JOSEPH P GILL
C AN BE FOUND AT HIS OFFICE or res
ilience when not professionally engaged.
Olfiee at the
POST OFTICE DRUG STORE.
Residence on Eighth street, opposite Presby
terian Church, .
Chas. M. Horn,
' PRACTICAL G VX SMITH.
.DEALER IN GUNS. RIFLES,
"and materials. Repairing done in
the neatest style and Warrantcil
Sewing Machines, hales, j,oe!i,
Guns loaned and ammunition furnished.
fihopon Ninth street, opposito Star Bakery.
Purchasing : Agent,
' JEWELUV ESTABLIS.MKXT.
J. S. LUCKEY,
Clocks, Watches, Chains, Jewelry, etc.
ll'.'aiiin Promptly ExwuUmI.
- tJ .tllWsrk Warranted.
J.S I.U' KKY.
post OFncE puii.mso.
Wills Telle A Kighth riU.. Ku.neiie I'ily.
M and Stationery Store.
POST OFFICE BUILDING, EUCE
I'itw T h nn hind and am constat
rocelvin? an aMrt!nnt of the Best School and
MioeU.ue Book., Stationery, Blank Books,
Portfolios, Card, Wallets. Blank. Pnrttnou-,
Bart, etc., etc. A. S. rAl itiuw..
LIFE OF TRADE !
WILT..DO WORK CHEAPER taaa say other
hup ia to..
HORSES SHOD FOR SI 50,
WilV, mw wiVnI, mil nmtl. Eettin old .hoes !
All warraatea la jive aatUlaellaa.
Shop ea Eighth st, opposiB Harn-
parey'B siaoie j
HARDWARE, IRON and STEEL;
- lint, poke, Ulms j
Oak, Ash and nickory riant.
SORTHHTP TIIO.nDSOf ,
roan A.TD, . - otmoy.
The Naturalists' Agency
Minerals, Shells, Birds, &c
rnitE NATURALISTS' AGENCY HAS
X been established at 3725 Lancaster Ave
nue, Philadelphia, for the purpose of giving
....IT.... l . . r m a . .
uuuuuuir. uiiji oi iimnrm History
an opportunity of buying, selling or exchane-
in; their duplicates or collection, Tlease state
nui ro you mw mis aoveniserueni.
Specimens sent to any part of the world by
mail. A monthly bulletin of 8 page sent free.
My Mi.veraloqical Catalogux and table of
species, by which most minerals way be identi
fiid, illustrated iy over $500 worth of Engrav-
excellent checklist containing in the price list
iii'.. i. now reauv lor aisiriDution. it i. an
tics arTaned alnhalietieallv aii,I nnm,ln ht.
every species ana an me more common varie-
; the SDeaies number. The mwi... nnmU
tthe place of any mineral in the table of
pecioa, after it will bo found the suedes name
oompoiiUin, streak or lustre, cleavage or frac
oru, naruness, sp. gr. lusability ami crystaliw
tion. tVee to all customers. To others on re'
ceint or ten cents for postage, Sc."
lhelnre increase of mv hii.inoKA hiu vim
pelled me to rent the store No. 3727, and use it
entirely for birds, Mammals, Shells, Plants.
Books, Fossils, Mound Builders' Relics and all
objects of Natural History except Minerals.
I have secured the services of one of the best
taxidermists in the country, a gentleman who
wno was emnioyed by the hnntlisonian Institu
tion in Sotfln America for three vearn. I hv
very large stock of Western and Southern
birds on hand. Also, Heads and Antlers for
Museums, Dinina-1 looms, Halls and Libraries.
I have now over 38 tons, and nearlv RISjKM
woHh of Minerals on hand. T liavn ol,l .
U,UJO worth since the 17th day of January,
when the first box was out into mv establish.
inent. November 13th, my rash sales were over
i,oii" ana ca'h reccits over 1,200.
I have t!ic best specimens ever seen of Amn
ion Stone, Ruby Silver, Samarskite, Amcthyst-
uroo tite. i o unioate or v ttrm .im....hi,.n(j
Cliileuito, Chalcedony. Rutile in Ounrtz. Hv.
drotitanite, Itaoolinnite, Nijfrin, Green Wavel-
green), Emboiite, Melanitn, Ozaikite, and Chlo-
rasuoljte. . ,
Collections of Minerals
For Students, Amateurs, Professors; rhysi
cians and other Professional Men.
These collections illustrate all the principal
species and all grand subdivisions in Dana aim
other works on Mineralogy j Every Crystalline
system ; nil the principal Ores and every known
element. The collections nre labelled with a
printed label that can only be removed by soak
ing. The labels give Dana's soecies. number.
the name, locality, and in niont cases the com
position of the mineral.
All collections accomuanicd bv mv Illustrated
Catalogue and table of species.
100 Crystals and Fragments for Study CI
109 Specimens, Student's Size, Larger fi
100 Specimons, larger, Amateur's size 2j r 1 j
Collections of Gems. Oros. Earthv minerals.
Minerals used in any Arts or Agrioulture, on
hand or put up to Order.
We sell Minerals by weidit. for the Chemist
and blowpipe use, at very low prices, as Samar
skite 25c. per lb.. Brookito Pure Crystal Mc
per lb., Itutils pure 23o. per lb., "Wavellite
23c, nor lb., Blende.lOc. per lb., Lepidolite 20c,
I desire especially to call attention to my re
markably fine specimens of Amazon Stonk, of
which I nave or have had nine-tenths of all the
specimens ever found. I have made six trips to
the locality, and think I may safely say no
mora will be found. Good crystals from 15
cents to 31 each.
I have just purchased the bost of. the Buby
Silver exhibited at the Centennial by the Chil
ian government These are the only specimens
weighing lea than three lbs. that ever brought
anything like $1,000 each. 1
My Titanium Mixtrals are the finest ever
known. Besides the Hydrnted Tetanic Acid,
Hydrotitanite, a mineral recently analyzed by
Dr. Kienig, of Pennsylvania University, I
have also remarkably well crystulized Perof
skitcs, Brookites of enormous size, ii utiles gen
iculated till, they form a circle, Schorlsmite,
I have the most beautiful green Wavei.lite
and Peganite ever known, colored by Vunadic
I am selling Amftiiyst at far lower prices
than it was ever sold at before. Over 52,500
worth sold since the 10th of July:
I have just bought the famous Chilton Col
lection of Minorals and Shells, which have been
on exhibition at Tilfany'i for the past two
Tears. The original price asked was frVCK).
It contained a numtwr of unequaled thinir,
ainnn-' them a Rutile in 0 lartz. for which Mr.
Clinton was ofered $850 g'lld. A twin crystal
of clear calcite continuing pint of water,
weighing over 10 lbs. The only perfect spiny
murex in the country.
My collection of plants is very fine, compris
ing many that are rare, from the far North and
West I haye just secured the Northern an 1
Middle States (including Va.) collections of A.
H. Curtis, who will no longer deal in them.
I have several hundred volumes of rare old
works on Mineralogy, Chemistry and tlr
natural sciences. Among them are many
the mo-it interesting of the SUte and Govern
A. E FOOTE, M. P.,
Prof, of Chemistry and Mineralogy,
3725 Lancaster Avenue,
V .-itches, Clocks aul Jewe.i)
SEWLYG MACI1LV ES
,e.v- try n A N K ING
WfX'i. J- the public for
ifd'-Sfl- patronage, we now
$.- -1 K-'jTlO I V" nvit tlie,a 10 0411
- y'i r'lA i ' I n ii. at fmr moms
it'rJ, 5 l' it F- . I'n-lcrwood
- i n new im:K.
where njay 1 fnund
a full assortment uf
I .rrwul. in tit.. tt.MjVe line.
ytches, Ckcks r n 1 Jewelry Repaired in the
best manner, A.MJ V AuliA.Mr.iJ.
Willametta Sf, Zgcne Citj.OrffT.
70It SALE -A STANDARD ORGAN,
I' entirely new in-trumettt: eort t'M. A bar
gain otlerei Apply to
A I?rge Stock of
T)J ' f,OOL)S,
UOOTS AND SHOES,
- YANKEE NOTIONS,
AT REDUCED PRICES.
Hud.. mrk price r ! f1 krode of
PRVDK'K, HlPfca and Ria.
EUGENE CITY, OR., SATURDAY, MAY 12, 1877.
Washisotom, D. C, April 17, 1877.
The Arlington Estate It Is a small Pic
tuj-e of Our Politics Changes In the
Departments Southern Affairs, etc.,
The suit of the Lee heirs for the possession
of "Arlington." rails atlfntion to that fine
property. It tel.inged to the wife of Oen.
Ii and ramn lolo possession ol the Govern-
nont at a snlc made ond- r one of theennfjs-
rutinn la. The Guvernthunt also holds a
"Isx tiile'Mo the property. This is abemt
Dim bst of the real estate so acquired by the
GoVHTiiment, which has not been rstorcd by
fht IJ S. Courts to the original owners or
their ilewndents. 1 he siuie result in this
'use mny he looked fur. The estate Is vari-
onsly occHpietl now, and presents minia
ture picture of our present American poli
First comes the inevitable African, for
twelve or fitleen hundred of these citizens
are there squalled, nndct protectiqp o( the
Government, They arj a bud lot. They
are rery ignorant. Few of them will work
Modi of them steul, so that to own and cut
tivate a place near them is found to be im
possible. They are supposed to pay final I
rent to the Government hut do not.
I'hen there are thousands of Federal sol
dieurg buried in a "Xuliunal Cemtlcry"
there, a place made. more and more beauti
ful Ironi year to year by the bunds of Iriends
nd strangers alike, and which is hold sucred
in thousands upon tbouumla of Northern
I here i no doubt the legal right to tho
properly is with thii Lees j all the decisions
in similar places are thut way ; but no soon
er will thecomts so decide, and tho Gov-
eminent begin to curry out the decision, than
thousand t'liillusne, (Jarrisotis and Bluints
will appeal to the passions of the people
against the proceeding. Il is useless to as
sure them that the negroes will be better off
if put where ho must work for his living, as
hue men do, or that the dead shall remain
undisturbed where they rest and no hand dis
turb a flower over one of their . graves; it Is
useless, for the whole stock in trade of these
rut ns is ti e r I old upon the blind hatred
and credulity of their of their followers, and
e leul adjustment of riiiht would laive
them without ineuns of support. What a
ty that such iigitutors could not cbtnge
places with the bruve men who sleep ut Ar-
iiijtOM.Aiid who fought and died, not in n-
aguinst brethren but lli.sW the thing
iglit occur that long ago occurred that
the Union might be restored.
Secretary Schurz dismissed sixteen of the
employes ql the Pension office on Saturday,
most of them ladles. Dlsmissuls will also be
mude from the other Bureuus of i be Depurl
iifeiit, the Land, Indian and Patent Bureaus.
he dismissals were not preced 'd by any
examination as to the efficiency of the par
ties, slid il is understood that the plucts will
e ul I i'd without competitive examination.
miliar changes will soon bo madu in the
res jury and Post Olfiee Departments.
This week promises to be lust of l'uckurd's
ign as Governor of Louisiana. ' The I'rosi
ni's conservative appetite grows by what
lueds on. so that the swallowing ol Cbuin
rl.iin only makes 1iim more hungry for an
other v;ctiin. When lie commences to tie-
iiir the radical portion of his party in the
North, he will peilinps find some of(tliem
morn iiidigestilile than his Southein food.
The Iriends of the President say Packard
Ins only this week in which to get out ol the
Ifr. C. V. Allans to .11a. Tilden.
The 'following remarkable letter
was recently made public for the first
lime. As will be seen, il was written
on-the day of the inauguration of Pres
ident Hayes :
Boston, March 5, 1877.
IIox. S. J. Tildes, New York
Dear Sir: On this day, when you
ought to have been President of the
United States, I seize the opportnni-'
ly to bear my testimony to the calm
and dignified m inner in which you
have passed through this great trial.
Il has been many years since I cared
to be a p.uty man ; hence I have en
deavored to judge of public affairs
and men rather by their merits than
ly the nitne they take. It is a source
ot gratification to mo to think I made
a right choice in the late election. I
would never have raised to 'elevation
by the smallest bid ot mine a person
however respectable in private life,
who m ti t forever carry upon hit brow
the stamp of fraud. It is its first tri
umph, and, in American history, no
su.Mii'q'ieiit action, however merilori
our can wash' sway the letters of that
record. Very respectfully' yours,
CHAKLKS BANC'S ADAU8.
W'e lean from the Yamhill fporLT that
there is a eompany organized to build a nar
row en ign railroad from navigsbl." water ne
lh YemhHt river to the coast in Till imook
eo'iiiiv, via the South' Yemhill, to be r.lhd i
the-Ysrnljill and Coast Narrow (Jusge It.il-1
rol " I
The Clackemss eoooty wnni jury bat l-
I A ...jt , . ...I-j:..-.......
dicUd several ana for woaodiug callie.
Wendell Pbllllpa Interviewed.
Ccrrofpondcnl What do
tliink. sir. of WaJo II .'imntrtn 7
WADK UAJirTOX MILL CftACKlNfi THE
81, A VK HOI. PINO WHIP.
Mr. Phillips Iu every sentence ht
has uttered oil his way'to Washing
ton I can hear the crack of tho oi.l
idayeholdiiig whip. Since 1SG0 I have
noi heard the crack of that whip until
Hampton sent that insolent letter to
Oram. If wo had to day a uiun in
tho While House Hampton would
ODver be admitted there after snub in.
solence. If I read the
the people have mote sell respect t1 an
Hayes has, and he will soon hear a
warning growl alonpr tho ground tier.
fir.ueiuiii.l..nl HTk.. !.
vv.iiomuuuii iiui iiiiL waiL. air.
and let tho Adininistvation have time
to try its experiment?
A TKKACIIKIIOUS IlAUGAt.V.
Mr. Phillips For two reasons. The
Presiileni's friends have sold us out.
Il is no experiment, but a treacher
ous bargain, and, besides, the steps
...... : . - '
nicy uie juiu io iaKe aro very peril
ous, and onoo tiken aro rrevoiable.
There is no doubt of the bargain that
sold us out. The Republican piipers
very properly held Tilden respoimiblo
for his nephew's (Peltonl acts, tltomrli
Tilden never knew each detail. So 1
hold Hayes responsible for his friends
when they sold him out to the white
South. Tho bargain is phi . On one
side tho Democrats were to stop fili
bustering and let Hayes be counted in.
On his side his friends agreod to with
draw the troops; second, to recognize
Nieholls and Hampton as Governors:
third, to charter the Southern l'aoific
railway, giving away millions ol na
tional acres and millions of national
bonds. This last item won Jav Gould
and his pockerpiece, tho Tribune. We
Khali eo the bargain carried out soon
This delay and commission are onlj
to let ua down ensily and accustom
tho ptiblio mind to the descent. Tho
troops once withm-awn bloodshed and
starvation will rule the South. There
will be no HeiMiblican Stato south of
the rotomao. Of course no Demo
cratic Governor or Legislature will
ever call for the national tnops, and
hence no soldier can ever cross the sa
cri'd boundary lino of a State. Henry
WiNon confessed to me that our great
mistake was in lilting those Territo
ries, alter the war, into Slates. There
will be a "Solid South the old slave
power under a new name. Tho next
Congress and tho next President will
bo Democratic unless the North be
comes a volcano, then you will see
millions added to the national debt in
tho shape of pensions to tho Confed
crato soldiers, loans to Southern
States and railways, payment of half
the State debts, etc. When that hell
opens you will see Lamar and Hill
put off their company clothes and
their disjjuiso of gDod behavior. They
will appear in their own proper per
sons, lou will not see Lamar, the
actor, performing rhetoric over Sum
ner's dead body. But you will see
Lamar, tho Southern white, shameless
ly proclaiming an excuso for that eu-
ogy of Suiniier,;'You understand. I
saw the carcass and used il to hood
wink tho Yankees."
One of the most remarkable features of re
cent magazine literature is Mr. John Green-
Laf Whittiur's poem of "Red Riding-Hood,"
which opens the May number of St. Nicholas.
It lias a pervading charm of rare tenderness
and fouling, as if the good old poet had felt
his heart soften under the consciousness that
he was writing for the little ones. There is
no image but will catch the quick fancy of
the little folk ( no word but apjicaU directly
and tenderly to the child-heart. He paints
a wintry scene in a way to delight all boys
"On the wide lawn the snow lav deep,
Ridged o'er with many a drifted heap (
The wind that through the pina trees sung
The naked elm boughs t wsd and swung ;
While, through the window, frosty-starred,
Agaiimt the sunset purple barred,
V e saw the somber urow flap by,
The hawk's gray fleck along tli sky,
The crested blue-jay Hitting swift,
The squirrel jxiUing on the drift,
Erect, alert, his thick gray tail
Set to the north wind like a sail"
And, further on, we fiml tliyi pretty picture
of the little girl, as
"Half lost within her boots, her head
Warm-sheltered in ler hood of red,
Her plaid skirt close alwut her drawn,
She fl jundered down the wintry lawn :
Now struggling through the misty veil
Mown round her by the shrieking ga'e ;
Now sinking in a drift so low
Her scarlet hood could scarcely show
Its daub of color on the snow.
8t Nicholas has, indeed, secured a treas
ure in this poem, and all boys and girls should
improve the chance of reading it entire.
T. R. Odeoeal will open a hotel in Corral
lii. A whale 99 feet lonj went ashore at Aisca
The Methodists are building church' in
Alsea ralley. .
As elk hat taken op with abend of cattle
in D'liitlat eouo'y.
J. A. Ktratlon has been appointed flnao.
Cil agent of the Willamette University.
Assays recently made of Capital oiioe nre
uf Kantiam fame, ran as high at f 105 SO a
The fi-nf ardr nftha snrin elin ttt woo'.
' received at ttoeebarg oo Thursday v
In? r W 1
Debt of the Southern Slaiet,
From the Saturday Gazette.
, ftgg''sato debts of the eight
Sonthem States, ttot including Geor
gia or Mississippi, amount to about
1195,000,000. How much of this is
acknowledged uobody is able to say,
mo mini ui Dioi Alabama is in roun.
.......1. ftiiP iuit nun .i. .
uuiiiticr c-o,uini uuu. Mio li:is re nn
dialed about half of it. Louisiana has
a debt ol about $27,500,000. About
610,000,000 has apparently been retm
dialed. Wo say appa.ently, for the
Funding Aet reduces the debt onl v to
00 per cent, yet the accounts publish
ed liy the State vjovernment admit on
ly about 12,000,000 to bo due. lie
specting tho other States it is uncertain
iow much is acknowledged. But the
matter is really of verv littlo im
portsncc, for the interest on tho bonds
is either unpaid, of is only paid par
uuuy or luiornmu'iitiy. inns Ar
kansas owes about &17,!iOU,000, but
pays no interest on any psrl of that
amount, lennesseo owes 25,000,.
l .a .... ' '
uuu, btn meets ncr obligations irreu
..I. ..I t. ,v. . .
many or noi ni an. Virginia owes
very nearly $45,000,000. This debt
has been twice cut down by acts of
tlie J.egisiatuie. The first act makes
the coupons of the funded dobt receiv
able for Stato taxes, tho second takes
away that privilege. Il is not easy
to understand now how the matter re
ally stauds. In addition to the $19j,
000,000, duo by these eight Slutes,
Georgia has repudiated about $1'2,
000,000. And . as we said abovo, four
Suites hud, before the-ciVil war, repu
diated, or failed to pay tho stipulated
interest ou WC, 51,000. Thus tho
total debt of States of tho American
Union, legally duo according to the
Federal law, but which is repudiated,
or tho interest on which is not paid or
is not paid in full, anounts to about
8212,500,000. This is exclusive, of
course, ot dents ot municipalities,
counties mid other local authorities.
Further, it is to bo remembered that
the debts incurred during tho civil
war by tho government of tho Con
federate States and . by the several
States which formed the Confederacy
havo been entirely repudiated. This,
no doubt, was done, not by these
Slates themselves, but by the victori
ous North. Stil1, by whatever au
thority it was done, it swells very
greatly tho losses ot those who en
trusted their money to tho South.
Leaving out of nooount, however, tho
loans raised in furtherance of seces
sion, tho subscription to which, like
the repudiation, was mainly prompt-
ed'by political motives, wo may men
tion that of forty-eight or forty-nine
millions sterling ot debt incurred in
peace, and now in default, about one
third, as nearly as can be ascertained,
was advanced by foreigners. It is
worth adding that these unfortunate
foreign ventures comprise more than
five-ninths of all the investments of
foreigners in American State secitri
lies. It will thus bo seen that specu
lation by foreigners in these securities
hits been particularly unlucky, since
considerably inoro than half of the in
vestment have beon partially or whol
Curious t'ropa In Germany.
A correspondent writing from Nu
remherg says forest trees are so exten
sively raised in Germany that they
are one of tho most common crops in
tnal country, li.o trees aro planted
in rows as straight as- those of a corn
field, lie says: "There is scarcely
any wood at all in Germany but what
is thus cultivated. Tho land is in
many places so poor that it cannot bo
tilled every year; bo that by taking a
number of years to raise a crop ol
trees tho occupantt effect tho d uble
purpose of supplying themselves with
wood and of gelling nt tho end ol
time, fallow ground again. One can
see pine tree fields of all ages, some
of little trees of one or r-wo years
growth, and others with large ones
ready lor the ax." Tho farmers of
Northern Bav.iria go extensively into
fish raising, collecting the water from
marshy places and drained land into
fish pond. Many farmers In this way
realize as much from their water as
their land ercp. Those of our farm
ers who are troubled with an excess
of wafer might turn it to account by
taking a hint from their German
Federal I.ntkrf eklnck. Refer
ring to this subject not long sincr.lhe
Sacramento JSee said : ''Elections have
been held in South Carolina and Lou
isiana at the time speeifytd by the
Constitution and laws. Whether they
were conducted according to law ia
another matter, but it is not to be
passed upon by the Federal authori
ties at Washington, who have no
more authority to declare who has
been elected Governor of Louisiana
than they have to dcclara who have
been eleoted Second Trustee and Fire
commissioner or f!83ramento. It is
for the lo9l Courts and a-thorUHa to
deoide inch matters.
Cptain Iki.lt Lemeoa h.s Ixen ap-
poo tad clerk of tbe U
S. (JourU at l ort-
$2.50 per year IN ADVANCE.
From the Oregonlan. '
Of the general politics of tbe European
war most readers will be apt to think there
has been discussion enough. Oue oractical
fact of interest to us in Oregon it tbit : The
war closes ports from which more tbao lorty
million busbelt of grain were annually ship
ped to the markets of Kurope. If the war
should prove a long one, as it not tinlikely,
wo shall be prctt sure of a steady call for
Oregon wheat at good prices. Taking
somewhat wider view we shall also discover
like benefits to other parti of ourjeouotry re
stilling from the war ; tor in consequence of
it there will be demand on the United
States for great quantities of maoafactured
articles in lurge variety. For weapons and
munitions the ordeis from tbe, belligerent
countries have already been Immense ; for
provision to supply the deficiency caasej by
tho war, our Kaslero markets are already
largely drawn epon.
Authorities differ as to (be military
strength ol tho belligerents. It is believed,
however.tlm; Iiissia has fully 1,200,001) men
under aims. This nnmber cun be doubled if
Russia could find a way to arm and feed
them. The I u'kish armies altogether coa
sist or about Mlil.OOO mt n, numbers which
may he increased il tho empire cun obtain re
sources to pit them in (ho fluid. In naval
forces the I urks hive decided seporiority.
They have many iron-clad of the first tlas.
built in I'jigland mid perfect in eouinnient.
On the sea the Tuiks have fiequerjly prored
themselves ss liutcc fighters as on the land,
while the llu-siuns have no history of naval
It will require in any weeks to concentrate
the vast Uussiai. lorr.es upon the theatre of
fie war. Krmn the Iron tier f Hunia tt the
Uaiiiibo, through Uoumania, thnre is but
ugle line id tail. The lessons of oust wars '
on the same fHd, a military writer says, wilt
not ho lost to Hussla ; she will never again
go to work there up m a small scale. Tbe
army ot luvasioii.on tho huroputu side alone,
consists of 300 0U0 men, supported by a sec
ond line or Till 0(10. Such totcos with their
immense mat riul cannot bo moved on a sin
gle line of railway with great rapidity, and
we shall hardly ln'ur ol the opposing nrmies
meeting In great masses In nilcbod battle for
a considerable time.
The cubau Insurrection.
Tho cane fields on tlireo plantations
near Satrua have been nartlv burnud
by the insurgents. The loss is put at
a thousand hogsheads. Tho plioi pho
rtis balls used by tho Ins jrgents to
ignilo tho cano fields, nre said to con
sist of phosphorus surrounded by a
coating ot tallow. These balls srs
thrown into uano fields al night; and
the great heat of tho sun during tho
day melts tho tallow and ignites the
phosphorus causing au instant confla
gration in tho dry cane.
An Insurgent writes to a friend:
"It is strungu that Martinez Campos,
alter four months ot assiduous work
whilo surrounded by brigadier gener
als, etc., has thus far not been ablo to
clear tho territory of Cinoo Villas nor
to compel the Insurgents to leave any
of their posiiious. It is true somo In
surgents havo surrendered them
selves ; but for tho greater part thoso
woro heads of familios, and men with
out arms working 'hidde.u in the moun
tains. Much outcry has boeo made
by tho Spaniards about their ro estab.
lishmcnt of postal communication be
tween Villa Clara and ltemedios; but
they take good care not to monlion
that from the first named place to the
latter they have established a military
uotiilou of 2,000 men who guard tho
postal service. This is tho way aro
pacifying tho villas. Besides this they
ar. trying to occupy tho territory by
military, covering n with small do
tached toiti, the samo system which
g ive them such unfortunate results ia
tho Camaguoy and Oriental depart
ments. Nineteen Get man merchants of Ha
vana were recently embargoed for
their refusal to pay thirty per cent,
contribution, and tho Voz do Cutta
spoke of their strango behavior in so
refusing. Tho German Consul here
has received a communication from
tho Imperial (iovcrnment, stat:ng per
orntilorily that German residents ia
Cuita were exempt from paying ex
traordinary contributions. It is said
that at tho samo lima Jovellar receiv
ed an order from Spain not to proceed
against the German merchants and
let tho matter rest for the timo.
IK O. P. S. l'luinmer has removed from
Albany to foulai.d.
J. .V. Fronk has opened tbe St. Charles
Hotel at Albany.
Henry B irnside, of Albany, will npeo
hotel al Firh Lake.
The (.ran yen will build a warehouse aid
ball at the ltosetmig depot.
Corvaltis holds a miai meeting today la
arrange for a 4'.h of July C"llrlioo.
Frank Kennedy was bonnd over on a
charge of grand larceny at Cor fall ia last
. The schooner Lizzie went ashore at New
port, B -nlun -ouuty, last week, and wu al
terward told fur fUS.
Ilia new hole) pat op at tSa Albany de
pot by J. J. Uomstock, has been christened
J. M Uamilton, Marshal of Corvaillt, ar
rested on a charge or forgery, was bound
over in the sum of $300.
The Roaabnrg Independent says: 'Witi
tH en, otnnm . - .
p we o w i t kta ri-J. Merchants ia tH
'eirer-ieoi ted at off - mr l 0 p-i ha.
I. aid io O .a iad it b r-ach-l $1 ti.
Tber m ea expre-a.a gna bow to v awa
; ou Uh eotnwuence oi erT viy urn
- -' !