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About The Corvallis gazette. (Corvallis, Or.) 1862-1899 | View Entire Issue (July 1, 1898)
CORVALLIS, BENTON COUNTY, OREGON, FRIDAY, JULY 1, 1898.
Happenings Both at Home
A WEEK'S NEWS CONDENSED
Interesting Collection of Items Jf:
Many l'luces Called From the Pro
Reports of the Current Weak.
Thursday a detachment of 170 Cu
bans collided with the Spanish rear
guard. The Cubans lost two men kill
ed. The Spanish loss is not known.
The navy department has received
a cablegram from Sampson, saying the
Spaniards at Santiago report that Hob
son and his companions aie well. They
are confined four miles from Morro.
Thursday night, the American army
of invasion had reached on its advance
the edge of the table land on which t lie
harbor of Santiago de Cuba lies. Here,
seven miles from Mono castle, the
main body of troops united, and the
Spaniards were in full rotrcat toward
Adiniial Sampson is now in con
stant and practically immediate cable
communication with the navy depart
ment. Six dispatches wero received in
rapid succession through the early
hours Friday morning. They showed
that only half an hour elapsed between
the filing of the message by the admiral
and the receipt of it in Washington.
General Law ton's brigade, which
rested Thursday at Demaj ayabo, four1
miles west of Daiquiri, rcsamed its
march at daylight. Before noon his
brigade, consisting of the Second Mas
sachusetts, the Twelfth infantry, the
First battalion of the Fourth infantry,
two companies of the Tenth infantry,
and tho Second battalion of the Fourth
infantiy, occupied Juragua, five miles
beyond, and tho American flag was
hoisted there. The Spaniards retired
before the advance of the Americans,
which was covered by Cuban skirmish
ers, burning the block houses as they
A dispatch to the New York World
from Santiago de Cuba, June 24 via
Port Antonia, Jamaica, eays: One
man was killed today and eight
wounded on the Texas. The battle
ship at the time of the landing of the.
' troops went to Matamoras to make a
feint attack on the fortifications therf
in connection with a land force, of Cu
bans under Raid. The Texas silenced
the Socapa battery. Just as the action
ended a shell struck the battle-ship and
exploded with the result given above.
The dead man is F. R. Blakely, oi
Newport, R. I., an apprentice of the
first class. The wounded are: R. C.
Engle, H. A. Gee, J. E. Lively, G. F.
Mullen, J. E. Kelson, R. Russell, W.
J. Simonson, A. Soogvist. Russell it
very seriously wounded.
Owing to the continued strike in the
Welch coal mines, England's coal ie
running low, and steamers are forced
to turn to America for their supplies.
A serious riot attendant upon a strike,
in which women took a leading part,
occurred at Oshkosh, Wis. Kon-union
men were shut out of a sash and door
factory and the plant was ordered closed
A Madrid dispatch from San Joan
says: An American cruiser appeared
off the harbor and the cruiser Isabella
and gunboat Terror sailed out to attack
her. The American withdrew immedi
ately. One Spaniard was killed and
No revenue stamps will be required
on money orders, according to a con
struction of the new law. Instead, an
additional charge of the amount of the
stamp provided for will be made for
the money order upon its issuance from
Surgeon-General Van Reypen, of the
navy, has received a number of letters
from officers with Admiral Sampson's
squadron testifying to the gratefulness
and appreciation with which the deli
cacies sent for the sick and wounded
have been received.
A Madrid dispatch says: News ol
serious fighting near Santiago has been
received here. Cervera cables that the
situation is critical. The governor ol
Santiago admits that the Spaniards
have been obliged to retire, but a Span
ish victory is claimed.
A Cuban scout has brought news to
the United States camp at Daiquiri
that Cervera's ships are now in battle
array. The positions have been
changed to make tho guns command
the harbor entrance. Both Spanish
torpedo-boat destroyers have been to
tally disabled by the incessant firing of
the American ships.
Colonel Torrey's regiment of rough
riders have loft Cheyenne for Jackson
ville. This regiment is made up of
the pick of the mountain and plain,
men skilled in the use of the rifle and
revolver, and will unquestionably make
a valuable addition to the mounted
forces to be sent to Cuba.
Cornell won the university boat race
at Kew London, Corm. Yale crossed
the lino four lengths behind and
Harvard came in third. It was a pretty
contest, but was Cornell's race, almost
from the start, her crew taking tho lead
before reaching the half-mile line and
maintaining it until the finish line was
Minor News Items.
O. Q. Tow, a Chinaman, has enlisted
in tho army and will join company L,
now at the Presidio, San Francisco.
The total assessed value of equalized
property in Kentucky is $552,977,967,
on which $3,000,000 state taxes will
The new French chamber of depu
ties is composed of 254 republicans, 104
radicals, 74 radical-socialists, 57 so
ciality, 38 rallies, 44 reactionaries and
10 free lances.
Last year the Italian government, for
non-payment of taxes, confiscated the
property of 40,862 peasants, although
many of them owed no more than 25 to
Tobias Von Steenburgh, 70 years old,
known throughout the United States as
tho mad lover of Jenny Lind, the
famous singer, died in a wretched hovel
at Glasco, N. Y.
Gov. Powers, of Maine, rather than
call an extra session of the legislature to
eaake an appropriation for the mobil
lization of the militia, is defraying the
expenses out of his own pocket
Gen. Shatter reports that at 9 o'clock
Monday night the army was within
three miles of Santiago and in plain
sight of the city.
The United States embassy has re
port from several sources to the effect
that Spain has purchased the powerful
Chilean armored cruiser O'Higgins,
la3t heard from at Cape Verde, where
a transport with Spanish soldiers is
Baid to have gone to take her over.
Admiral Sampson reports that the
auxiliary cruiser St Paul arrived off
Santiago Monday and discharged her
troops. Captain Sigsbee reports that
on Wednesday afternoon while off San
Juan, he was attacked by a ' Spanish
unprotected cruiser and the Spanish
torpedo-boat Terror. The Terror made
a dash, which was awaited by the St.
Paul. Shots from the guns of the St.
Paul hit the Terror three times, kill
ing one officer and two men and wound
ing several others. The Terror drop
ped back under cover of the fortifica
tions with 'difficulty, and was towed
into harbor in a sinking condition,
where she is now being repaired. Later
the cruiser and gunboats started out
again, but remained under protection
of the forts.
By proclamation issued Tuesday the
president gave notice of the intention
of the government to assume the for
midable task of blockading about 500
miles of the Cuban coast line in addi
tion to the section already blockaded,
and also to blockade San Juan, Porto
Rico. This increases the extent of the
blockade on the Cuban coast fully four
fold. The demands upon the navy
will not be nearly so heavy in propor
tion Jo the territory coveted as in the
case of the initial blockade, for the
reason that the new blockaded coast
lies entirely within the great bight on
the south coast of Cuba, in which wa
ter is generally very shallow, and the
ports are few into which a vessel could
enter. The most important of these
ports are Manzanillo, Trinidad and
Orders have been issued for the im
mediate sailing of another large expe
dition to reinforce Shafter. The sol
diers will sail from Tampa and will
number 9,000 men. It is understood
they will be taken from General Sny
der's second division of the Fourth
army corps. Eight transports will carry
the expedition to Key West, where
they will be joined by a strong naval
convoy and proceed to Santiago. Prep
arations have been proceeding vigor
ously for some days, but the rigid cen
sorship at Tampa prevented a word go
ing out regarding the expedition.
Snyder's Second division, the Fourth
army corps, looked upon by the war
department as the one best equipped
for an Immediate start, is now at
Tampa, and is made up of three brig
ades and nine regiments, which include
both regulars and volunteers.
A belief exists that the true objec
tive point of Camara's fleet is not Ma
nila, but Hawaii and finally San Fran
The navy department on Monday
posted the following bulletin: "Com
modore Watson sails today on the New
ark to join Sampson, when he will
take under his command an armored
squadron with the cruisers and proceed
at once off tho Spanish coast." Wat
son's "Eastern squadron" consists of
the Newark, Iowa, Oregon, Yosemite,
Yankee, Dixie and three colliers. They
leave Santiago immediately.
Four batteries of American artil
lery and a gatling gun have been
placed on a hill overlooking the basin
in which Santiago lies. The American
troops were within 200 yards of the
Spanish entrenchments last Sunday
night. It is believed that more
artillery will be necessary before an
assault can bo made upon the Spanish
works. All the hills about Santiago
are covered with block houses. There
are 34 lines of intrenchmenta and be
hind them are four lines of rifle pits,
while the fronts are secured by rows of
A dispatch from Port Antonio says
that while the dynamite cruiser Vesu
vius was making observations along
the inner harbor of Santiago a few
nights ago, ample evidence was dis
covered that the sunken collier Merii
mac does not completely blockade the
channel. Further information develops
the fact that two battle-ships can enter
the hrarbor abreast, one passing on
each side of the Merrimac. This will
be of great advantage to Sampson when
the final attack on Santiago begins.
Lieutenant Hobson and his men are
still in communication with the fleet.
Theie is little prospect that they will
be exchanged before the attack on
Santiago is made.
Blanco has issued a proclamation an
nouncing that any one daring to ex
press an unfavorable opinion of, or sus
pected of being dissatisfid with the
present policy of the government, will
be summarily shot without trial or
investigation. This proclamation, it
appears, caused dissatisfaction among
the members of the police force, who
threatened to revolt if full rations were
not given them. It is expected that,
as the police is a numerous body, tiou
ble will result. Spanish infantry and
artillery soldiers are maintaining guard
Over them at every corner. Famine, it
seems, is imminent, and stories of sup
plies for Havana coming via Batabano
are reported to be untrue.
Cleveland, O., will be the headquar
ters of the Brotherhood of Locomotive
Engineers for the next 10 years begin
ning with 1900.
Bcjamin B. Comegys, the president
of the Philadelphia National bank,
has just completed 50 years' service in
that prominent financial institution.
In New York a flag 120 feet in
length, the largest ever made, was on
exhibition. It is intended to raise it
over the walls of Morro castle when
Havana is taken
Mr. Madeline Vinton Dahlgren, and
a well-known authoress, died in Wash
ington, aged about 63 years.
John F. Parkburst, vice-president
and general manager of the Globe Iron
Company, died in Cleveland, O., sud
denly of heart disease, aged 68 years.
Mr. Parkhurst was widely known on
the great lakes.
Mrs. Julia Dent Grant has been
chosen president of the Women's Na
tional War Relief Association. The
widow of the great general will be un
able to do any active work, bat will
use her influence in furthering the endr
of the organization.
A Mighty Squadron Will
MAY LEAVE ON JULY FOURTH
Magnificent Opportunity to Strike m
Crushing Blow Carrying the War
Into Africa and Thus Securing a
Naval Base at Ceuta.
Washington, June 29 The admin
istration finally came to a decision to
send an American squadron to the
Spanish coast and into the Mediterra
nean. Several times since the war
broke out, rumors to this effect have
been circulated, but the project had
not materialized it required the Span
ish movement toward the Philippines
by Camara's squadron to decide the
navy department to adopt this bold
stroke. This first announcement to
day through a bulletin posted at tho
war department of the government's
intention was received with incredul
ity. There was a suspicion that the
story was given out to deceive the
Spanish government. However, when
later in the day, the detail of the ves
sels selected to constitute . Commodore
Watson's eastern squadron was an
nounced, and official orders were given
to provision tho fleet for four months,
it becamo apparent to the last doubter
that the government was in earnest in
this purpose to dispatch the fleet to
Tiie three vessels selected as colliers
have started already on their way to
Newport News to take on a large sup
ply of coal. It will require a week to
get them down to Sampson's fleet, so
that if the start is to be made from
that point, ' it will be impossible for
Commodore Watson to get away before
the Fourth of July. This would seem
to be an auspicious dato for the begin
ning of an expedition that will for the
first time in the world's history start
from the New World to attack Conti
nental Europe. No attempt is made
to deny that the government is influ
enced in ordering this movement by a
desire to check the progress eatsward
of the Cadiz fleet. It was not believed
that the Spanish admiral could be
guilty of the folly of uncovering his
home ports in this fashion, but inas
much as he seems determined to do so.
the naval startegists could not do less
than take advantage of tho magnificent
oportunity thus afforded these to strike
a crushing blow at Spain, and thereby
perhaps save much time and loss of life
and money in the conduct of the tedi
ous campaign in Cuba.
The determination to send this
squadron against Spain was the out
come of direct official advices reaching
the state and navy departments as to
the progress of Admiral Camara's
squadron. These advices give a list
of the Spanish ships now nearing the
Suez canal, which differs somewhat
from the list given in the press dis
patches and by Lloyd's. The official
list is as follows:
Pelayo, Carlos V. Audaz, Osada,
Prosperina, Patriota, Rapido, Buenos
Ayres, Isla de Pane y Colon, Covan
donga and San Francisco.
lhe additional information comes
from official sources that this squadron
is at Port Raid, and expects to take on
board 10,000 tons of coal before enter
ing the Suez canal. Such a heavy coal
ing will take, some time. It discloses
also that the admiral expects to make
a long sail, and is doubtless headed for
the Philippines, a point which the
officials here doubted at first
The squadron is the most formidable
Spain has afloat, in total tonaage,
strength Of individual ships, armor
and guns. The Pelayo is the strongest
of the ships and is the only battle-ship
in tho Spanish navy. She is 9,900 tons,
with a speed of 16.7 knots. She car
ries 35 guns of various caliber and has
Bevftn torpedo tubes. The largest guns
are the 12-inch Hontorias, one forward
and one aft, and 11-inch Hontorias,
one on each beam. .The Carlos V is
of 9,050 tons, with a speed of 19 knots.
She has 28 guns, the largest being 11
inch Hontorias, worked electrically,
one forward and one aft. She has six
torpedo tubes. The Audaz and Osado
are torpedo-boat destroyers, finished in
England just before the war began.
They are 400 tons Bach and are 30 knot.
Each carries six guns and two torpedo
The Eastern squadion which the
United States will send against Spain
far outranks the Spanish squadron, tho
Iowa and Oregon exceeding the Pelayo
and Carlos V at every point, while the
other United States vessels are far su
perior, ship for Bhip, to those of the
Spanish squadron, with the single ex
ception of the two Spanish torpedo-boat
When the American fleet sails for
Spain it will take with it complete in
formation as to the entire stretch ol
Spanish coast with detail maps o!
every harbor and its fortifications.
The war board had a mass of this in
formation before it, and spent most of
the day studying Spanish charts and
fortifications, with a view of ouilining
the series of blows which are to be de
livered to Spain at home.
The Spanish coast is divided into
three captain-generalcies, namely, Fer
rol on the north, Cadiz on the south,
and Cartegena on the east. At Ferrol
is the naval school and the school of
naval application. At Cartegena is
the school of ordnance, and the torpedo
school. Cadiz is the point where most
of the fortification guns are made.
Each of the three naval provinces has
a certain number of ports and coast
jtowns under its care. The total artil
lery of these ports under tho normal
conditions prior to the war is as fol
lows: One hundred and nineteen Krnpp
puns, 55 Armstrong guns, 90 Ordonel
guns, and a large number of Hontoria
The inform ation is In minute detail
as to the defense of each port.
barking of a dog on the earth
i can be distinctly heard by a balloonist
' L. i i t i i
ARE UNDER WAY.
'easels Will Tie Hushed to Manila at
San Francisco, June 29. Another
fleet of transports has sailed out
through the Golden Gate, to the broad
Pacific. This afternoon the third fleet
of vessels loaded with soldiers and
supplies for the Philippines hoisted
anchor and amid the screaming of 100
whistles and the clanging of bells and
the booming of cannon, proceeded
down the bay toward the ocean, and
by tonight will be well n their way
to the Philippines.
The first movement of the vessels
comprising the fleet was the signal for
the crowds which had gathered along
the docks to commence cheering the
departing soldiers, and for the steam
whistles along the city front to scream
their good-byes to the ships and men
who are going to Manila to protect the
interests of their country, and to spread
the doctrine of freedom on the other
side of the world. Steamboats, yachts
and small bay craft of all kinds hover
ed around the big steamers, and some
even went close enough to permit their
passengers throwing oranges and other
things to the soldiers gathered on the
decks of the transports.
The scene on the transports was
thrilling one; the men were perched in
the rigging like so many insects, and
handkerchiefs and flags waved and
fluttered from every porthole and spar
As the vessels proceeded sjowly down
tho bay the noisy demonstrations of
the people on the shore became more
pronounced and increased until the din
was awful and added to the noise of
whistles and bells, was the booming of
many cannon from the batteries at Fort
Mason, but the farewell given the sol
diers was no less hearty than the wel
come given them when they first land
od within San Francisco's limits.
The ships which left today carried
about 4,000 men, under command of
General MacArthur, who has made the
steamer Indiana his flagship. The
City of Para, the Ohio and Morgan
City were the other vessels to sail with
the Indiana. Tho steamer Valencia
was not ready for sea todav, and will
probably sail with the steamer New
port on Wednesday. General Merritt
and his staff will proceed to the islands
in the Newport, which has been espe
cially prepared for the service.
Army officers in this city are much
perturbod rogarding the movements of
the Spanish squadron, which is report
ed to be bound for the Philippines via
the Suez canal. It is said that the
transports which left here today will
be rushed through to the islands at top
speed, in order to have as large a force
as possible ready to receive the Dons,
should Manila be the ultimate destina
tion of the Cadiz fleet.
Ic Is Thought That Re Contemplated
Off Santiago de Cuba, via Kingston,
June 29. It is believed Admiral Cer
vera contemplated making a dash out
of the harbor late tonight. Four col
umns of smoke weie seen at sundown
advancing toward the mouth of the
harbor, and two small boats, believed
to be torpedo-boat destroyers, were ob
'served in the neighborhood of the
sunken collier Meriimac. Conse
quently, Rear Admiral Sampson ordered
extra precautions to be taken. The
torpedo-boats Ericsson and Porter stood
very close into the harbor all night,
but no ships came out. Shortly after
in id nig it, the dynamite cruiser Vesu
vius fired three guncotton shells in the
direction of Morro castle. They ex
ploded on the ridge behind the eastern
hills. The damage done is not known.
The blockade continues without inci
dent. The'Cubans, with the advance forces
in spite of the good behavior oi their
comrades at Guantanamo, seem to be
utterly worthless. All day they sit in
the shade of their palm-thatched
camps, and at night they smoke cigar
ettes and gorge on Undo Sam's ra
tions, while in sight of them Uncle
Sam's boys, with empty stomachs and
not a bit of tobacco for their pipes,
build loads all day under the blazing
sun and sleep on their rifles under the
sky at night.
Accident to the Yankoe.
Washington, June 25. The details
of the accident on the Yankee on Deco
ration day have just reached the navy
department. Whilo the ship was at
sea. a trial was made of the guns. One,
a six-pounder, using English smokeless
powder, bung fire after the trigger was
pulled. The gunner, without await
ing, threw open the breech just as the
oharge exploded. The rear blast killed
Corporal J. J. Murray and severely
wounded Private Jesse Fuller, both of
the marine corps. The powder is be
lieved to be defective, as other hang
fires have been had with it, and if
usted at all in the future it will be with
great care. None of the naval militia
men, who in large part man the Yan
kee, were hurt.
Sagasta Will Resign.
London, June 27. The Madrid cor
respondent of the Daily Telegraph
says: When the cortes closed martial
law was proclaimed. The Sagasta cab
inet will resign and make way for a
new government, which will open ne
gotiations for peace.
Suspicious of Insurgents
London, June 29. A dispatch to
the News from Port Antonio, -Jamaica,
says: The Americans appear to be sus
picious of the insurgents, who could be
used in bushwhacking.
"But how can we be sure," says an
American officer, "that any one of
them is not a Spaniard ready to lead
ns into trouble. We can't talk their
nigger Castilian, and when they guide
us we iiave to go it blind. We should
trust them completely or not at all."
London, June 29. The Times, com
menting on the movements of Admiral
Camara's squadron, says:
"This singular naval promenade
is probably of a theatrical charac
ter, designed to serve the double pur
pose of impressing the United States
and satisfying public opinion in Spain.
It will certainly fail to attain the first
of these objects. The money required
to pay for the passage of the squadron
tnrough the Suez canal might be more
usefully employed than in a demon
stration that alarms nobody, and it ie
too late to relieve Manila."
I WfiEGK AI IS
Two River Steamers Go
UNDER TOW TO THH YUKON
Sternwheelers Gamecock and Stag
hound. Kuined All Provisions Were
Washed Overboard No Lives Lost
Property Damage, 8125,000.
Astoria, June 28. When the Elihu
Thompson, towing the sternwheol
steamers Gamecock and Staghound,
started for Alaska Friday afternoon,
the prediction was freely made that
they would never reach their destina
tion. This prediction has come true,
and the three vessels put back into port
this afternoon. The sternwheelers are
total wrecks; their decks are awash,
and, but for the cord wood stored be
tween decks, they would have gone to
Eearly this morning the lookout at
Cape Disappointment reported that the
steamers had crossed in and anchored.
The report also stated that the river
boats were badly battered When the
tide began flooding the Thompson got
under way and slowly towed the disa
bled steamers into port, reaching the
city at 4 o'clock. Never were vessels
more completely demolished by the
sea. The docks were three feet under
water and huge gaps had been rent in
the steamers' sides. Tho upper works
had caved in, and were carried away
by the seas. Baggage washed about on
the lower decks and broken timbers
were scattered over the vessels. They
were docked near the western extrem
ity of the city, whither a crowd of
nearly 5,000 people flocked to view
The expedition met disaster at the
very start. Friday evening, while
crossing the bar, the hogchains on both
the Gamecock and Staghound parted.
Despito this the Thompson continued
on her course. The river steamers be
gan breaking almost immediately. The
situation was not serious, however, till
about midnight, as the weather was
comparatively calm. Soon after 12
o'clock the passengers, of whom there
were 87 on the two steamers, became
alarmed. The holds began to fill and
the t. tubers would strain and give
away 7ith every wave. About 1:30
Captai i Fisher, of the Gamecock, sig
nalled !ie Thompson with a red light,
bnt .N.?'ntinuedlon her course.
By 4 "o'clock in the morning, all the
lower worKS of the boats were rent
apart and there was two feet of water
in the holds. Boats were sent back from
tho Thompson, and the passengers.
who had provided themselves with life-
preservers, were ordered to jump into
the sea. Mr. Knapp, the Kansas City
promoter, as tho first man to obey the
command, and the others soon follow
ed. Captains Lane and Fisher, each
with three men, remained on the
steamers. By 6 o clock, the boats were
aking badly, and it was decided to
put back to port, after having proceed
ed 35 miles up the coast. They crossed
in at daybreak this morning.
Members of Torrey's Rouerh
Tupelo, Miss., June 28. A railway
accident occurred at this place at 3:40
tins afternoon, by which five members
of Torrey's regiment of rough riders
from Cheyenne lost their lives and
others received injuries. The accident
occurred on the Kansas City, Memphis
fc Birmingham road. The first section
stopped to take water and had whistled
to start on, when the second section
roundod the sharp curve in the track
just before the town is reached, and
dashed into it. The rear car of the first
section was the sleeper Seville, con
taining Colonel Torrey and his staff.
This car was completely demolished,
yet, strange to say, every inmate es
caped unscathed, except the colonel,
who is injured, though not seriously.
The chief fatalities occurred in a
coach which stood in the center of the
first section, which carried troop O,
from Laramie. This coaoh was com
pletely telescoped, and the soldiers
within were jammed and bruised be
neath masses of timbers, broken car
seats, and other debris. In the second
section one baggage car was thrown
into the ditch, but in this train few
weie hurt, and none seriously.
Immediate action was taken by tho
soldiers to save their imperilled com
rades, and with axes and ropes, and
buckets of water they worked like de
mons, tearing away the wreckage to
get at the wounded and dead and
quenching the fire, which had started
in the sleeper Seville, which was a
mass of wreckage, covering a steaming,
hissing engine. The wounded were r.e
moved to a vacant building in the
New York, June 28. The torpedo-
boat Talbot left today for Key West.
and will call at Norfolk.
May Abandon Calmanera.
Playa del Este, Guantanamo Bay.
une 28. It is believed in oamp here
that the town of Caimanera. on the
pper bay, is about to be abandoned
by the Spaniards, who are 'said to be
in a desperate condition, owing to lack
of food. The report is that they will
leave this town and fall back on Guan
tanamo. There is a clock in Brussel which
has never been wound by human hands.
It is kept going by the wind:
Third Manila Expedition Sails.
San Francisco, June 28. Four thou
sand men, comprising the third expe
dition to the Philippines, embarked
early this afternoon, and soldiers now
swarm in the holds and on the decks
of the Ohio, Indiana, City of Para and
Morgan City. Tomorrow, the steamer
Valencia will receive her complement
of the military, and these five trans
ports, bearing the balk of the expedi
tionary force, will probably sail tomor
row afternoon, to be followed br the
Newport, upon which General Merritt
is eiDfcctad to del
IN A DEATH TRAP.
Some More Details of the Battle of La
Juragua, Cuba, June 28 The initial
fight of Colonel Wood's rough riders
and the tioopers of the First and Tenth
regular cavalry will be known in his
tory as the battle of La Quasina.
That it did not end in the complete
slaughter of the Americans was not due
to any miscalculation in the plans
of the Spaniards, for as perfect an am
buscade as was ever formed in the
brain of an Apache Indian was pre
pared and Lieutenant-Colonel Roose
velt and his men walked squarely into
it. For an hour and a half they held
their ground under a nei feet storm of
bullets from front and sides, and then
Colonel Wood at the right, and Lieutenant-Colonel
Roosevelt, at the left,
led a charge which turned tho tide of
battle and sent the enemy flying over
the hills toward Santiago.
It is now definitely known that 16
men on the American side were killed,
while 60 were wounded or are reported
to be missing. It is impossible to cal
culate the Spanish losses, but it is
known they were far heavier than those
of the Americans, at least as regards
actual loss of life. Already 37 dead
Spanish soldiers have been found and
buried, and many others are undoubt
edly lying in the thick underbrush
The wounded were all removed.
That the Spaniards wero thoroughly
posted as to the route to be taken by
the Americans in their advance toward
Sevilla was evident as shown by the
careful preparations they had made.
The main body of the Spaniards was
posted on a hill in the heavily wooded
slopes on which had been erected two
blockhouses, flanked by irregular en
trenchments of stone and fallen trees.
At the bottom of these hills run two
roads, along which Colonel Roosevelt
and eight troops of tho First and Tenth
cavalry, with a battery of four howitz
ers, advanced. These roads are little
more than gullies, and at places almost
impassable. In these trails the fight
About two and a half miles out
from Siboney, some Cubans, breathless
and excited, rushed into the camp with
the announcement that the Span
iards were but a little way in front,
and strongly entrenched. Quickly the
Hotchkiss guns out in the front were
brought to the rear, while a strong
scouting line was thrown out. Then,
cautiously and in silence, the troops
moved forward until a bend in a road
disclosed the hill where the Spaniards
were located. The guns were again
brought to the front and placed in po
sition, while the men crouched in the
road waiting impatiently to give Roose
velt's men, who were toiling over the
little trail along the crest of the iidge,
time to get up.
At 730 A. M., General Young gave
the command to the men at the riotcn
kiss guns to open fire. The command
was the beginning of a fight that for
stubbornness has seldom been equaled.
rue instant the llotchkiss guns were
fired, the hillsides commanding the
road gave forth volley after volley from
the Mausers ot the Spaniards.
"Don't shoot until you see some
thing to shoot at," yelled General
Young, and the men, with set jaws
and gleaming eyes, obeyed the order,
Crawling along the edge of the road
and protecting themselves as much as
possible from the fearful fire of the
Spaniards, the troops, some of them
stripped to the waist, watched the
base of the hill, and when any part of a
Spaniard became visible, they fired.
Never for an instant did they falter.
One dusky warrior of the Tenth, with
a ragged wound in his thigh, coolly
knelt behind a rock, loading and firing
and when told by one of his comrades
that he was wounded, laughed and
"Oh, that's all right; that's been
there for some time."
In the meantime, away off to the
left, was heard the crack of the rifles
of Colonel Wood's men, and then the
deeper toned volley firing of the Span
ish. Over there the American losses
were the greatest.
Colonel Wood's men, with an ad
vance guard well out in front and two
Cuban guides before them, but appar
ently with no Gangers, went squarely
into the trap set for them by the Span
iards, and only the unfaltering courage
of the men in the face of a lire that
would make even a veteran quail, pre
venter wnat mignt easily nave been a
disaster. As it was, tropp L, the ad
vance guard, under the unfortunate
Capron, was well surrounded, and but
for the reinforcements hurriedly sent
forward, every man would probably
have been killed or wounded.
"There must have been nearly 1,500
Spaniards in front and to the sides of
us," said Lientenant-Colonel Roose
velt today, when discussing the fight.
"They held the ridges with rifle-pits
and guns, and had a body of men in
ambush in the thick jungle at the
sides of the road over which we were
advancing. Our advance forward struck
the men in ambush and , drove them
out, but we lost Captain Capron, Lieu
tenant Thomas and about 15 men
killed or wounded.
"I want to say a word for our own
men," continued JLiieutenant-Colonel
Roosevelt. "Every officer and man
did his duty np to the handle. Not a
Prairie Ordered to Key West.
New York, June 28. The auxiliary
cruiser Prairie, which has been at
Tompkinsvillo coaling and taking on
ammunition and stores, has received
orders to proceed at full speed to Key
West. She will sail tomorrow.
Provinoetown, Mass., June 28. The
ram Katahdin left today for Hampton
Roads. She was followed by the oruis
er San Francisco, bound for Key West.
The collier Southern accompanied the
Spanish Cruiser Bound West.
London, June 28. Lloyd's agent at
Gloucester says tho British steamer
Discovery, from Rosaria, May 11, re
ports that June 10 she sighted, in lati
tude 34:82 north, longitude 14:35 west,
a double-fnnneled cruiser, presumably
Spanish, escorting a tramp steamoi
with a black funnel with a white band.
The vessels were steering west and
were proceeding at a speed of eight
The entire collection of coins and
medals in the British museum consist
of nearly 850,000 specimens.
Cavalrymen Fought the
ENEMY WAS DRIVEN BACK
Twelve Spaniards Known to Have Been
Killed Roosevelt's Rough Riders
. In the Thick of the Flrfht Spaniards
Opened Fire from Thickets.
Off Juragua, via Playa del Este,
Guatanamo Bay, June 27. This morn
ing four troops of the first cavalry, four
troops of the Tenth cavalry, and eight
troops of Roosevelt's rough riders,
less than 1,000 men in all, dismounted
and attacked 2,000 Spanish soldiers in
the thickets within five miles of San
tiago de Cuba.
The Americans beat the enemy back
into the city, but left the following
dead upon the field:
Rough riders Captain Allyn K.
Capron, of troop L; sergeant Hamilton
Fish, jr.; Privates Tilman and Daw
son, of troop L; Pnvato Dougherty, of
troop A; Private W. T. Eiwin, of
Lroop F. First cavalry Privates Dix,
Yrk, Bejork, Kolbe, Berlin, Lennock.
lenth cavalry Corporal White.
At least 50 Americans were wounded,
including six officers. Several of the
wounded will die.
Twelve Spaniards, dead, were found
in the bush after the fight, but their
loss was doubtless far in excess of that.
General Young commanded the ex
pedition and was with the regulars,
while Colonel Wood directed the opera
tions of the rough riders, several miles
Both parties struck the Spaniards
about the same time, and the fiuht
lasted an hour.
The Spaniards opened fire from the
thickets and had every advantage of
numbers and position, but the troops
drove them back from their station,
stormed the blockhouses around which
they made a final stand, and sent them
scattering over the mountains.
The cavalrymen were afterwards re
inforced by the Seventh, Twelfth and
Seventeenth infantry, part of the Ninth
cavalry and the Second Massachusetts
and the Seventy-first New York.
The Americans now hold a position
at the threshold of Santiago de Cuba,
with more troops going forward con
stantly, and they are preparing for a
final assault upon the city.
Tho officers wound jd were:
Malor Brodie, shot through tho right
Captain McClintojk, troop B, shot
through the right leg.
Lieutenant J. T. Thomas, troops L,
shot tii rough the right leg. His condi
tion is serious.
All the foregoing officers are rough
Other officers who were wounded are:
'aptain Knox, whoso condition is
serious. Major Bell, Lieutenant George
L. Bryam. These officers are of the
The following are among the soldiers
who wore wounded:
Rough riders Troop M, Privates E.
M. Hill, Shelly, Fisher, M. S. New
comb, Fred Beale and Corporal Rhodes.
Troop E, Corporal James F. Bean,
Privates Frank Booth, W. Bert Chart-
ley, Dailey, Ilalvers, E. G. Atherton,
Clifford Beed and Sergeant G. W. Ar
ringo. Troop C, Sergeant Joseph F.
Cavanaugh, Corporal L. L. Stewart,
Privates George Rowland. II. F. Haef-
ner, Michael Coyle, R. M. Reed. M
Russell. Troop L, Privates J. R. Heen,
Thomas I. Meagher, Edward CalverS
Nathan P. Poe.
Tenth cavalry Troop B, Privates
Russell, Gaines, Miller, Cross., Brax
ton. Wheeler. Troop I, Privates Ridd,
Edward Marshal, correspondent of
the New York Journal and Adver
tiser, was seriously wounded in the
small of the back.
It is probable that at least 10 in the
list of wounded will die.
Hamilton Firth, Jr.
New York, Juno 27. Hamilton
Fish, jr., one of tho killed, was a
young New Yorker of good position and
family, who went to the front with
Roosevelt's rough riders. He was of
distinguished ancestry, his family be
ing one of the oldest in this state. His
father, Nicholas Fish, is tho son of the
late Hamilton Fish, who was secretary
of state in Grant's cabinet. He is a
banker and lives in this city.
Washington, June 27. Captain Cap-
ron, ot Koosevelt's rough riders, who
was among the killed, is a son of Allyn
Capron, of the First artillery, and was
well known in Washington. He was a
second lieutenant of the Seventh cav
alry, and was recently promoted to be
a captain of volunteers.
A New York infant has just been
condemned to stagger through lifa un
der the name of Walter Sampson Schley
Denver, June 27. First Lieutenant
George L. Bryam, of the First cavalry,
who was wounded at the battle of San
tiago, is about 44 years of age, and
until about a year ago was military ad
viser on the staff of the governor of
Five is the sacred number of the
Chinaee, who have five planets, Ave
cardianl points, five virtues, five
tastes, five musical tones, five ranks of
nobility and five colors.
Bloody Double Tragedy.
Washington, June 27. One of the
bloodiest tragedies enacted in Wash
ington in years occurred last night in
a little room in the rear of 924 Twenty
second street, Northwest. William H.
Brooks, a veteran of the civil war and
a pensioner, and until recently a
watchman in the navy department,
was killed by his wife, Martha, with A
hatchet, she in turn being fatally In
jured with the same weapon. The old
couple, Brooks being 76 and bis wife 80,
lived alone, and there were no wit
WEEKLY MARKET LETTER.
of the Remarkable
Board of Trade Brokers, 711 to 714 Chamber oi
commerce building, Portland, OregonJ
Leiter's wheat deal has become a
thing of the past. It was a big one
while it lasted, bnt, like its predeces
sors, came to an untimely end, leaving
a corpse in the shape of 14,000,000
bushels of cash wheat and over 10,000,- '
000 bushels of futures. Of the cash
wheat 7,000,000 bushels is in this
country, nearly 5,000,000 bushels be
ing in the Northwest. The greater
portion of it has been turned over to
Armour to liquidate, while the foreign
holdings and those afloat are being at
tended to by Alexander Gedds. The
$5,000,000 in profits have disappeared,
and with them a possibility of losses
of from $3,000,000 to $5,000,000. The
latter cannot be determined until the
wheat is liquidated and all accounts
are adjusted. Some think that L. Z.
Leiter will not have to put up very
much money in final settlement. The
latter, who has taken a hand in the
liquidation, says the losses will not be
as large as the trade expects. He is a
close figurer and is in a position to
know what he is talking about. The
trade may never know what the losses
really are. Prices have reached a
point where buyers need not be afraid
of being badly hurt by the bull side.
September was down to 66, a drop of
29c from the high point. It is now
the price wheie it should be attractive
to buyers were it not for the fear that
there is more liquidation to come. In
the past seven years September wheat
has sold in June between 55c and
87C; the highest was in 1898, and
the lowest in 1896. Last year the
range was 66 l-8c and 66Jc. In 1896
it sold from 55o to 64 3-8, and in 1895
at 70 5-8 to 82. The trade has lost
its bull leader and is completely de
moralized. Liquidation by lonns,
combined with short selling by large
professional traders, has more than
equaled Leiter's holdings, so that they
have liquidated his line for him in one
sense. The selling fever has taken
hold of the speculative crowd and it
will have - to run its course just the
same as the buying mania did. Prices
are liable to be carried too low, and
when it comes to covering, there will
be a big rally. There is one thing
against heavy advances; it is the ab
sence of a leader to absorb the surplus
and take it off the market.
Vegetables Potatoes Yakimas, $11
12 per ton; natives, $810; Califor
nia potatoes, $1.00 per 100 pounds.
Beets, per sack, $1.25; turnips, $1.25;
carrots, $1.25; hothouse lettuce, c;
Fruits California lemons, fancy.
$3;choice, $2.50(3)2. 75;seeding oranges,
$1.50. 75; California navels, fancy,
$33.25; choicek$2.50(.75x ban
anas, shipping, $2T8b2.75 perbnncfi;
strawberries, 60c 75c per crate.
Butter Fancy native creamery,
brick, 18c; ranch, 712c; dairy, 12
loe; Iowa, fancy creamery, 18c.
Cheese Native Washington, 11
12c; Eastern cheese, 1212o.
Meats Choice dressed beef steers,
prime, 7c; cows, prime, 7c; mut
ton, 7c; pork, 773e; veal, 68c.
Poultry Chickens, live, per pound,
14c; dressed, 16c; spring chickens,
$2. 50 3. 75.
Fresh Fish Halibut, 34o; steel
heads, 7 8c; salmon trout, 910c;
flounders and sole, 3 4c; herring, 4c.
Oysters Olympia oysters, per sack,
$3.50; per gallon, solid, $1.80.
Wheat Feed wheat, $23.
Oats Choice, per ton, $26.
Corn Whole, $25; cracked, $25;
feed meal, $25.
Barley Rolled or ground, per ton,
$25; whole, $24.
Flour Patent, $4.25, bbl; straights,
$4; California brands, $5.50; buck
wheat flour, $6.50; graham, per bbl,
$4.25; whole wheat flour, $4.50; rye
Millstuffs Bran, per ton, $15;
shorts, per ton, $18.
Feed Chopjied feed, $1721 per
ton; middlings, per ton, $17; oil
cake meal, per ton, $35.
Hay Puget Sound mixed, $810;
choice Eastern Washington timothy.
Wheat Walla Walla, 6061c; Val
ley and Bluestem, 63c per bushel.
Flour Best grades, $4.00; graham,
$3.50; superfine, $2.25 per barrel.
Oats Choice white, 40c; choice
gray, o39c per bushel.
Barley Feed barley, $22; brewing.
$24 per ton.
Millstuffs Bran, $16 per ton; mid
dlings, $22; shorts, $16.
Hay Timothy, $11 12; clover. $10
11; Oregon wild hay, $910 per ton.
Eggs Oregon, 1214o per dozen.
Butter Fancy creamery, 85c;
fair to good, 32c; dairy, 22)30o
Cheese Oregon full cream, 11 12c;
Young America, 12o.
Poultry Chickens, mixed, $3.50 per
dozen; hens, $4.00; springs, $2.004;
geese, $d.005.50; ducks, young, $3
4.50 per dozen; turkeys, live, 11
12'c per pound.
Potatoes Oregon Burbanks, 80 35c
per sack; sweets, $1.752 per cental.
Onions California red, $1.25 per
Hops 512o per pound for new
crop; 1896 crop, 4 6c.
Wool Valley, 15 16c per pound;
Eastern Oregon, 8 12c; mohair,
25c per pound.
Mutton Gross, best sheep, wethers
and ewes, 4c; dressed mutton. 7c;
spring lambs, 9c per lb.
Hogs Gross, choice heavy, $4.75;
light and feeders, $3.004.00; dressed,
$5. 50 6. 50 per 100 pounds.
Beef Gross, top steers, 3. 50 $3. 75;
cows, $2. 50 3. 00; dressed beef,
66c per pound.
Veal Large, 6c; small, 6c per
Ban Francisco Market.
Wool Southern coast iambs, 79c;
San Joaquin, 68c; Northern, ll13c
Millstuffs Middlings, $20 22. 00;
California bran, $14.00 15.00 per ton.
Onions New. 40 50c per sack.
Butter Fancy creamery, 18o; do
seconds, 17c; fanoy dairy, 17c; good
to ohoice, 1516c per pound.
Eggs Store, 1 2 1 4c; ranch,
Citrus Fruit Oranges, navels, $1.00
2.50; Mexican limes, $4.50; Cali
fornia lemons, 1.00$1.50; do choice,