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About The Corvallis gazette. (Corvallis, Or.) 1862-1899 | View This Issue
OQRyALttS QAZKfKtor XMiXZ Bn$A$ U 4690.
Benton county has nn area of about twelve
hundred square miles, and extends through
from the Willamette river to the Pacific ocei-n.
The coast mountain traverse the county north
and south through the middle, thus giving it
widely diversified characteristics. On the
western slope there are a number of small
valleys that are considerably improved. Chief
among these is the Alsea valley, in the south
western part of the county,: which is flout
fifteen miles lone and four miles wide, and isJM
well adapted to general farming, frnit growing,
dairying and st'-ck raisins. There are located
in tli is valley two prist mills, two salmon nun
neries, and several sin ill lumler ami shingle
mills. Coststing vessels ascend the river a
numher of miles and ply a lucrative trade.
The Yaqniua valley, further north, is a similar
country, and it has the advantage of leing on
the railrond. which runs down the vallej to
hav. Yaqniua is a town of ahont four
hundred inhabitants, situ.ited on the bay of
the same nnme at the mouth of the titer, and
its shipping facilities as the terminus of the
Oregon Pacific railway nn tide water make it
an important place. It has the list harbor
on the coast between Sn Francisco and the
Columbia rier, and the nearest haibr to the
Willamette river. The government is im
proving this harbor to meet the growing de
mands of commerce. The railway company
has a line f steamers plying between Yaqniua
and San Francisco, and coasting vessels do
more or Icsh business there. The only bank in
the county outside of CorvwlH is located there.
A few miles di.wu the be -.rh is the Seal Rock
summer resort, which is we'l patronized every
season and is rapidly gaining in popularity.
Newport is an incorHrsted town about the
same size as Yaquina. It is a few miles nearer
the ocean and is quite widely kn.iwn us a sum
mer resort. The Siletz Indian reservation
takes in a snail portion of the northeastern
part .of the county. The western slope of
Benton county is not so well settled as that
pwti-in in the Willamette val'ey, bnt it con
tains many choice tracts of farming laud and
vast forests of valuable timlier.
In the Willamette valley portion of the
county there are several sub-valleys, separated
by low hills that are not too rough for culti
vation. In the t.orthern part of the county
are Blodget's and King's valleys, drained by
the Litckiainute river. The King's valUy
Settlement is the larger of the two, and in
cludes a considerable area of well-developed
country. The Mary's river valley is the
largest in the county and comprises the
country about Corvallis and extending west
ward into the mountains fifteen or twenty
miles distant. Then the Long Tom country
occupies an important portion of the south
eastern corner ol the county. AH thesn small
valleys are merely pottions of the rich Willam
ette valh'3', the divisions between them being
somewhat imperfectly defined watersheds
trending from the mountains to the river.
On the Willamette slope the forests decrease
as the river is approached. The mountains
are, fur the most part, heavily timbered with
white fir, cedar and yew, and down the slopes
are m iple, ash, oak, alder and balm. Nearly
all localities of medium altitude bear a li jht
growth of oak and maple. All tie creek
bottoms have ash, aider and balm. This entire
list, of wood is suitable for manufacturing
purposes, such as lumber, furniture, wooden
Benton county hng by no means reached a
state of full development. - Its agricultural
resources, which are chief, are susceptible of
great growth, and it needs many more people
than it row has to till the soil. The land is
very productive. No section of the west ex
cels this county in the abundance and variety
of its farm products. The climate is mild and
healthful, with the same pleasant features that
characterize the climate of the Willamette
valley in general. The nummers are dry ai.d
moist and extremes of temperature are un
known. The climate of the portion west of
the mountains is a little more moi.-t than in the
valley, and vegitation is gn en there the entire
year. Sometimes there is snow in the valley
for a veiy brief time in winter. During nearly
half a century that Benton county hits lieeii
cultivated there has not been a single f iilnre of
crops and the ordinary yields art proverbially
largo All the common grab s, vegetables and
fruits are raided, and even the ' more sensitive
grapes and peaches are successfully grown.
The fruit interests coo Id easily be quadiuplui
by the "establishment of ' curing facilities.
There are large quantities of cultivable iaiid
still unoccupied on I oth sides of the mountains,
but the western slopn has fewer settlers than
fthe eastern, because it is a newer s-ction and
hag not the modern conveniences of the valley
fFor grassing purposes, the foothills of the
mountains contain the ohuicest lands; bnt for
cultivation the more level surface down in the
valley is preferred, and such farina mav be ob
tained in good I. cations near market for from
$15.00 to $50.00 per acre. "Lnproved farms, of
course, cost more than the wild lands. , Many
of the land holders now own hundreds of
acres more than they can use, and they are
now manifesting a desire to cut up these large
tracts and dispose of the surplus land to irami
grints seeking homes in the west. This sec
tion has superior attractions for home seekers,
and it is that class of people more than any
other that is becoming interested in Benton
A SAD ACCIDENT.
Western Judge: "xou are
charged, sir, With being the leader
of a party that hunted down and
lynched a horse thief. The days
have gone by when citizens of tliis
great commonwealth cau take the
law into their own hands, hence
your arrest. What have you to
sav?" Prominent citizens: 'I
ain't guilty, Jedge. I'll -tell 'you
how it was. We caught the feller
and . tied his hands and feet.
Nothin' wrong about that, was
there, Jedge?" '-No, that was no
noubt necessary." Wall, Jedge,
there was a storm comin' up and
we couldn't spare him an umbrella
very well and so we stood him un
der a tree. That was all right,
wasn't it?" 'Certainly." "Wall,
the clouds kept gatherin' an' the
wind was purty high, and we
didiv't want him blown away, so
we tied a rope around his neck
and fastened the other end to the
limb above not tight, Jedge, jest
so as to hold him and we left him
siandin' solid on his feet. Nothin'
wrong about that, was there?"
"Nothing at all." "Then I kin be
excused, can't I?" "But the man
was found suspended from that
tree and stone dead the next morn
ing." -None of us had anvthing
to df with that. JeJge, You see we
left him standi n' there In good
health and spirits, for we give him
all he could .drink when we said
'good -by;' but you see durin' the
rain came up an' I 'spose the rope
got purty wet an' shrunk r. couple
o leet. 1 hat's how tue sad acci
dent happened, Jedge." New
HOW TO MAKE SHOES LAST WELL.
I have only one hobby, and that
is shoes, or, rather, a peculiar lash-
lon 1 have ot wearing them. 1
used to think that a man got the
best service out of a shoe by put
ting on the best pair a shoemaker
could make him and wearing them
constantly 'until the leather gave
way .somewhere, but now I think
it is the most extravagant way of
dressing the feet. I am never
without three or four pairs of shoes
in good wearable condition. I
nover wear the same pair two
days in succession, and at least
once a month I go over each pair
with a brush dipped in vaseline.
Thus, with three pairs of shoes,
I give eace shoe one day of work
and two days of rest, and the
leather has time to regain its elas
ticity and stretch out the wrinkles
the foot lias made. These wrin
kles become breaks in the leather
when the shoe is continually worn.
The vaseline is better than any
oil for fine leather. I used to
wear out four pairs of $8 shoes a
year, one at a time. The same
number now lasts me two years.
St. Louis Globe-Democrat.
MEASURES AND CONTENTS.
A barrel requires a measure 24
inches long by 16 inches wide and
28 inches deep. . -
One peck requires a measure 8
inches by 8 2-5 inches square and
8 inches deep.
One gallon requires a measure
8 inches by 8 inches square and
4 15 inches deep.
Half a bushel requires a meas
ure 16 inches by 8 2-5 inches wide
and 8 inches deep.
Ilalf a gallon requires i measure
8 inches by 4 inches square and
4 4 5 inches deep.
Half a barrel requires a measure
24 inches long by 16 inches wide
and 15 deer.
Quezon of coal requires a meas
ure1! feet long, 3 leet 5 inches
wide, arid 2 feet 8 inches deep.
THE PROGRESS OF LANGUAGE.
The progress of " languages
spoken by the different nations is
said to be as follows English,
which at the commencement of
the century was only spoken by
22,000.000 of people, is now
spoken by 100.000.000; Russian is
now spoken 68,000,000, against
30.000,000 at the beginning of the
Children Cry for?
century. In .1800 German was
only spoken by 35,000,000 of peo
pie, to day over 70,000,000 talk in
the same language that William
II. does. Spanish is now used by
44,000,000 of people, against 30c
000,000 in 1800; Italian by 32,
000,000. instead of 18,000,000;
Portugese by 13,000,000 instead of
8,000,000. ; , -
This is for English an increase
of 312 per cent; for Russian, 120
per cent; for German, 70 per cent;
for Spanish, 36 per cent. etc. In
the case of French the increase
has been from 34,000.000 - to, 46,-
000,000, or 36 per cent.
TIN SOLDIERS ON A LARGE SCALE
Great artistic excellence has
been reached in Europe in the
manufacture of tin . soldiers. A
German military officer has found
it possible to represent military
operations on a large scale by
their means. He has collected
35,000 tin soldiers belonging to
every branch of the service and
completely equipped, and has dis
played them on a platform in the
Keapten bariacks, to illustrate
a siege conducted in accordance
with the best teaching of modern
tactics. The Scenery and other
appurtenances have all been sup
plied by toys in common use, and
the picture is said to be marve
lously perlect. A French garri
son, ot course, occupies the lor tress
and naturally is compelled, to sur
A SOLEMN CONJUNCTION.
At the club one evening last
week several members were ex
pressing their opinions as to the
probable effect of the Australian
system of voting. One thought it
would help one party and another
t hought it would have the opposite
effect. Another thought it would
decrease the total vote, while an
other expressed the opinion that it
would have no- appreciable effect
in that direction. "I tell yon
what it is, fellows," said one, who
had been listening; ''you don't
know-anything about it.. When a
man is alone with his God and his
lead pencil you can't tell what he'll
do." Boston Budget.
THANKFUL FOR SMALL FAVORS.
One of the church letters read
at the annual meeting of the
Philadelphia Association contaiued
this: "We are spiritually dead,
but we thank God that things are
with us as they are."
The Rev. Dr. Murdock turned
to Rev. J. T. Beckley, D. D., and
said: uThat reminds me of a young
man who arose in my meeting
when I was a young pastor and
said: 'Brethren, I am a great' sin
ner, and I am determined to hold
out to the end."
UNION PACIFIC RY.
"Columbia River Route."
Trains) for the East leave Portland at
7:00 a. in. and 9:00 p. m. d .ily.
rpT'ITT" Orn! to and from prinei
1 lOlVlli L O pal points in the
United 8tiCs, Canada, and Europe. -
ELEGANT NEW DINING CARS
' PCLGMAH PALACE SLKEPBRS.
Free colonist sleeping cars ran through on
Express trains from Portlaud to
and KANSAS CITY.
. Free of Charge and without Change.
Close connections at Portland for San
Francisco and Puget Souud points. .
Far further particulars inquire of any
Agant of the Company or
T. V. LEE, G. P. and T. A.
C. 3- Miller, . Portland, Oregon.
The easiest way for a good wife
to get along pleasantly is to prac'
tice what her husband preaches.
Gorrxxtlis Grange, Ho. 242,
CORVALLIS, OREGON, 1890. -Xi3Q
- FEBRUARY U
OPENING EXERCISES. ,
MUSIC . v
"SOME or TpE BEtfErriS DEBITED FROM THE GRANGE." : , Lacrvsxa
. ( Diseased y Members Prs att
SELECT READING,. ,; - - . '. ' UlUVuk
MUSIC, . ' ' ' '
FEBRUARY Xtt. -
. business session.
MUSIC -.' ' ' ' . : '
"READING MATTER FOR THE HOME." - - - W. W. Bsistow
ESS AT, "HOME AND ITS. AFFAIRE,"
SELECT HEADING, ' ' - . -
INSTRUMENTAL MUSIC, -' -
PAPER, "HOW SHALL OCR ROADS BE IMPROVEDf -
DISCUSSION, LED BT A.. O. MULKYj AND E. ELLIOT.
MARCH la. i
OPENING EXERCISES. . . s .
BUSINESS SESUOK. '.
INITIATION. ' !
"PRUNING FRUIT TREES,"
DISCUSSION, LED BY GEO. TAYLOR. , . .
SELECT READING - - " '
banquet and socialmeetino. . "
"BENEFICIAL BIRDS AND INSECTS," . . ' P. F. t.
(Dismissed by Msmbsr Present
SELECT READINO, - - - Ms, t. D. hUWI
APRIL 10- ,
BUSINESS SESSION. -MUSIC
"FARM CROPS FOR WILLAMETTE VALLEY." . Wn Uirtt
' (Discussed by f. L. Sbedd and etact
ESSAY. - - - - : Miss Auca Heajruto
MUSIC ; '
XV All papers and sseays art epea tor illseieelns
M. E. Urium.
L. H. T. tFBRNCM. .
A. S. L. Y. Wilson.
O E. Elliot.
F. Mrs. J. D. Johnson.
L. A S. Mrs.
j65tT"All kinds of extra fine job
printing, such as Wedding Invitations
and Cards, Ball Programmes , and Tick
ets, Calling Cards, etc., done in excel
lent style at The Gazette office. .Call
and inspect samples of stock.
CMS & CQNQVER.
Cor valli Oregon. ?
Mas. H. T, Faavca
Mat , U Saaoa
t. O- Jonas :
Paef. X. R. Lau
Mat. Set. Tartea
O.- J. O. JesNMy.
8.-3. L. Shcdd. '
Chap. VV. W. BMSTOW.
See. A, O. Mvlkct.
P. Mmd. L. WiLSON.
C Miss Alice Horkiko,
H. T. Fremcb. ; ,
0 V JiivLAKD TO GALIFOR f A
Southern Pacific Company's
!THD MT. SHASTA KOUTE;
ALBANl'dnd 3 AN FRANCISCO
- Oelfibnit Express Trains Ben Sally
PORTLAND and SAN Fit AN CISCO
Lv San Frtsto....7:00 pni
Lv Albany....... .0:46 sin
L Pbrtlai'd ...4:00p. m
L Albany.;. ...8:1S p. -m,
At Han Frigco...7:4A p.m. Ar Portland 10:46 a nl
Local Passenger Train, Daily, except Sunday
"T furtlanU..:. 8:1)0 a. m. j bugene 0.00 a. m
Albany 12:40 p. in. Lv Albany 11:85 a. iu
Ar Eugene 2:40 pin Ar 1'urtlaiid .... 8:46 pni
8:20 p in. ;. Lv. . . Altiaiiy Ar. ..C:30 a at
906 p in. .Ar... Lebanon. ..Lv.. 5:45 a m
1:50 p m...Lv.. . Albany.. ..Ar; 9:25 p in
2:3d p m. . Ar. . .Lebanon. ..Lv. . .8:40 p iu
7:30aniiiLv. Albany '....Ar... 4:26 p ui
8:22 a m. . Ar. ; . Lebanon. ..Lv . ..3:40 u nt
Pullman Buffett Sleepers.
TOURIST SLEEPING CARS, -
For accommodation of second class!
passengers, attached to Express Trains;
Tbe 8. P. Co. Ferry makes connection with ell
the repilartrains on tbe liast Side Diruiea IroiU
(t oi F etreet.
Vest Siit BivioiSa;
BETWEEN POUTLAND AND COUVaLUs.
Kill Tn.it. Sally Except Stacisy.
Portland ...;...7:S0a.m. i Corvallia ...... 12 :25 p. ai
Corrallig UHO p. m. . Portlaud 6:20 p. tu
At Albaay and Corvallis connect with trains of the
, Oregon Pacific Kailrosd. .
Express Train. Hilly Sxcopt Sunday.
Portland,.. 4: 50 p. m.
llejlinnvlile. . ,.A:4na. m.
MoMinnrille... 8:00 p. til
Portland 0:00 a. id
to all iioints
South and East via California.
Eur full information regarding rats. map
etc., call on company's agent at Corvallis of
E. P ROOKRS. Asst. G. V. Si P. Aronti
a KOKHLEK Manager
Oregon Pacific Bailroad and
Oregon Development Co.'i
235 Miles Shorter 20 Hours Less time"
tkan by any ' otht-r route. First class)
through paasifiger and freight Hue front
Portland all points in tbe Wiihtmeite vallef
to and from Sau Francisco, Col;
The Oregon Pacific ste mlioata Oil.
the Willamette river division will
lenve Portland, south-botliil, Monday
Wednesday and Friday ut 6 airii
Ai-fiVe at Corvallis on Tuesday,
rimVsday and Saturday at 3:30p. m
Leave Corvallis, north-bound Monday
Wednesday nd Friday Ht 8 ft. in
Arrrvc at Portland Tuesday, Thurt
day and Saturday at 3:30 p m
On Monday, Wdnesdry and Fri
day, both north and south-bound boat
be over at night at Salem, leaving
thfcre at 6 a.
TIMfi 5CI1EDTJL1S (ejecept Sundays.)
Lea e Albany 1:00 p. m
Leaves Yaqiiina6:45 a. ou
Leave Cnr.eiKe 10:86 "
uave uoiTainei:4v u a.
Arrire Taauina 6:30 p. m
Arrive Albany 11:10 a. m:
OreiroiiJi California truing connect at Albany anil
0 irvellie. The above trains connect at Yaquria witM
the Orecron Development Co. 'a line of e(emhipe be'
tween Vaqnina ami San Kmncisco.
Thie Coniuanv reaerin tfte rivht La chanar Mltlii
defe without notice.
N. B. PaHgeners from Portland and all
Willamette valley points cu inakajfelosa'
oonnection wfth the trains of the Yaquina
route at Albany or Cirvalli8, and if destined
to Han Frariii.sco ohonld arrange to arrive as
Xaqmua tlie evening lietore date of saihngt
fansenirnr and freight rarps alav tlij
lowest . tor information aunlv to D. VV.
Cunimins, freight and ticket agc-nt. Corral
us, or to . u. U. HOCJUK.
Acting Geo. F. and T. Agent, Oregon Fa
cilic Railroail Co.. Corvallis. Or.
C. n. HASWKLL, Jr.,
Gen. P. and P. Aubut. Orecon DeVelon-
rnent Co.j 304 Montgomery St., S; F., Cal.
(iEEAT 0VEKLAS1) EOUTEI
Two fast trains daily! No' change of carsf
Shortest lino to Chicflizn and all noint
eastj via ST. PAUL and MINNEAPOLIS.
The Northern Pacific railroad is the only
line running Passenger trains, second-class
sleepers free ' of charge)', luxurious day
coaches, Pullman palace sleeping cars, pal
ace dining cars meals 75 cents.
See that your tickett read via the North
ern Pacific railroad and avoid change of
Leave Portland at 10:40 a. m.. and 2 a.
m., dailv; arrive ot Minneapolis or St. Paul
at 5:05 p.- m. third dav.
FAOIFIO DIVISION Trains leavw
Front and G street daily at 11:09 a, m. and
2 a. m.; arrive at New Tacoma at 6:15 p.
m. and 8:30 a. m. connecting' with com pa
Dy's boats for all points on Puget Sound.
. Gen'l Pass. Agent, St. Paul
A D. CHARLTON.
Asst. Geni Pass. Agent, No. 121 First St.
or. Washington St. rorwann, uregon.
yDepot, comer First and G Streets.
Ci UBSO.RIBE FOR THE COR
vallis Gazette, tbe oldest pa
per in Benton co. One yeaf $i