Image provided by: University of Oregon Libraries; Eugene, OR
About The Corvallis gazette. (Corvallis, Or.) 1862-1899 | View Entire Issue (Feb. 14, 1890)
THE COltVALLlS GAZETTE, FlilDAY, EEBRUARY 14, 1S90.
WEARERS OF !AS3 EYE3
Dow Artificial Eyes Are Made and Who"
Uses Them Fact of Interest.
Upward of 5,000 New Yorkers wear
artificial eyes, and of this goodly number
the majority are ladies, whose sole ambi
tion to supersede the works of the Creator
is centered in the hope of becoming at
tractive. Artificial eyes may be classi
fied into two distinct kinds, viz., glass
end composition. Until recently those
who had the misfortune to lose an eye
have provided themselves with artificial
ones of gloss to hide the deformity. Eyes
are to a man what the vestibule door, is
to the house an indication of what is
inside. - The idealistio part of the glasa
eye contains without doubt more fact
Oculists and opticians say that thou
sands who make use of this valuable and
important artifice show no evidence ex
cept to an expert of any impaired sight.
The glass eyes which are "manufactured
in this country are really made of glass.
They have many defects, among which
may be mentioned their liability to be
broken, and the hard pressure of their
edges upon the fleshy parts. A fall or
blow will often break them, or they will
sometimes crack spontaneously, and in
addition to the loss of the artificial eye,
the patient's eyelids are 'frequently
wounded. This accounts for the fact of
children being rarely provided with glass
eyes on account of them not being able
to handle them without danger.
The composition eye, which i3 made of
a substance resembling celluloid, is now
in universal demand. It is much worn
by ladies and children, as it prevents a
' distortion of the face. After the human
eye is once impaired and total blindness
itets in, the face will be distorted if no
artificial eye is worn, by the falling of
the eyelids. The composition eyes ore
imported from Germany, and have de
stroyed the market of the glass specimens
which are exclusively manufactured in
this country. Some of these are remark
able for close imitation, wliile others are
beaulifal specimens of art. They are
generally worn by those who have an in
jured eye extracted, but the majority of
artificial eye wearers are recruited from
the ranks of the fair sex, who xerchance
are squinted or possessed of some other
trifling ocular deformity.
In certain diseases of the eye it be
comes necessary to extract the orb so af
fected, as the eyes are 60 intimately con-
nccted through their nervous structures I
that one diseased eye will ultimately ruin I
Jhe other by sympathetic ophthalmia.
The operation of removal u known aa
"enucleation." by which the muscles are
left behind to assist iu moving the arti
ficial eyes. ,
These are not round, as is popularly
supposed, but shaped like n shell, and
cause" little or no trouble in being intro
duced. They are generally removed at
night and the parts washed with water
or lotion. They generally last three
years, aster which they lose their polish
and become unfit for wear. New ones
ere then introduced after the same fash
ion, and when once accustomed to this
routine the wearer experiences very little
inconvenience in their adjustment. The
composition eyes possess the advantage
of lightness, and the composition may
be trimmed with a penknife or a file to
cdjust it accurately and comfortably to
the parts. No artificial eye is of perpet
ual duration, because by it3 incessant
movement it loses its smooth surface.
One of the largest manufacturers cf
glass eyes in this country said to th
writer a few days ago: "It is surprising
to think of the vast number of persons
who wear glass eyes. The largest per
centage, of course, are ladies, who an
nually expend large sums in the pur
chase of those translucent optioj, and un
less a person thoroughly experienced in
handling those eyes no other could dis
cover that they are imitations. Glass
ryes cost all the way from $ 8 to $25
each, but composition eyes which are im
ported cost extravagant sums, though
some may be purchased at comparatively
low prices, depending, of course, on the
quality of - the material. You know
cattle also wear glass eyes, and thou
sands of men find themselves the posses
sors of horses and other animals orna
mented with those eyes which they pur
chased on the supposition that they were
free from defects."
The insertion of artificial eyes requires
great skill on the part of the operator,
as tho comfort and stability of the artifi
cial orb to the patient are dependent on
the process of transformation. The eye
is taken between the forefinger and
thumb of the right hand, while the other
hand is placed on the forehead and its
extremities used., to raise the upper eye
lid. It is then introduced under the up
per eyelid, the lower one is drawn down
by the disengaged fingers, and behind
' this the piece at once places itself. .
In extracting a glass or composition
eye the easiest way is to catch holcUof it
between the fingers and draw it outward.
Should any difficulty be experienced " the
head of a pin or some blunt instrument
inserted under tho head at once removes
the obstacle. This is where the folly of
using glass eyes becomes apparent, for if
not allowed to rest or fall on a handker
chief or some soft material they break,
and their replacement at frequent inter
vals costs a considerable amount.
' Glass eye making requires judgment
in the selection of proper glass. . This is
composed of eand, soda, saltpeter,- pot
ash, lime and chloride of lead. All these
ingredients are put into a melting pot
for a period jor twenty hours and sub
jected to a heat of 1,800 degs. The sand
and other chemicals then unite in form-,
ing a liquid. The glass blower then uses
an iron pipe heated enough to make tha
glass Gtick to it. This is stirred in a cir
cular direction until a ball is formed.
The pupils, which are made in the same
manner, from glass of different shades
and colors, are now
inserted into this
globular mass, and allowed to cool, after
which the congealed substance is paired
ff in any form or manner required.
Joseph W. Gavan in New York Press. .
The Flavor of Milk.
t Milk is altered both in taste and ap
pearance by the character of the food
supplied to the cows. It is colored by
madder and saffron, scented by plants of
. the onion tribe, and changed in taste by
such articles as turnips. - Certain food
may give it medicinal " properties, " and
milk thus medicated is proposed as a
method of treating disease. Arkaaeaw
THE KANGRA NOSEMAKER9.
Hindoos That Mend the Komm of Tljelt
Opium Katlns Country men.
A corresjiondent of the Allahabad Pio
neer gives an account of tlie Kangairas.
a people who have long enjoyed a repu
tation as noseinakers. They live chiefly
in Kangra. a small hill canton in the
Punjaub. Altogether there are fourteen
families remaining, out of which only
two individuals are practical noseinakers
Their reputation still remains People
come to them from the remotest parts of
the Punjaun, and even Afghanistan,
actuated by the sole desire of having
their facial promontory repaired or re
newed The Kangra nost makers 'con
sidei theii an as one sjecially granted to
them by the. (Treat Bajresliivu Devi of
the place. They therefore ierform the
operation in strict serecy. The writei
"It was only with great difficulty that
1 procured Uie following information re
specting the modus operandi of this plas
tic oeraiitin for restoration of nose from
an old bald and. habitual opium eater
My friend thinks nothing of daily con
suming forty -five grams of opium, and
whenever he can afford, just to keep
aglow the sunshine of his mind, adds
considerable amount of bhang and charus
(Capubis InJica. leaves and. extract) and
arsenic They say the laid is well versed
in the science of physic and astrology,
besides having a denizen of the other
world at his beck and call, by whose as
sistance he is able to open the gates of
the unseen. .When sent foi to advise on
difficult cases, he never fails, before
going to summon and consult his ghostly
servitoi a to the prognosis of the disease
he is called to cure. In the event of an
unfavorable prognosis he declines to at
lend, but furnishes hi? would be patient
with the exact dale and hour of his de
Ths old baid. it seems, was a kind of
family doctoi or professor of medicine to
one of the nose maker, and in this ca
pacity has more than once' witnessed the i
operation of nose restoration, tie there
fore considers himself in possession of
the secrete if secret it is . His uarrative
ran thus- After drugging their patient
with some narcotic, the Kangairas forth
with proceeded to paint the forehead
with a medicated lotion as a preliminary
step On asking the composition of this
lotion, the only answer vouchsafed was a
grave shake of the head. The next step
is to cut a piece of leather to the shape
and size of the reijuirecj nose. This being
done, it is placed on the forehead and
n.setl to mai k out the lines of incision.
Then they beat the furehead with an old
slipper until the part -marked out be
imea swollen anil prominent. Zinc
lules. with a plate between them to
serve the purpose of septum nasi, are
then lodged in the nostrils. The next
proceeding is to dissect a (Lip of the
swollen Mesh with a razor, leaving the
lowei part, attached to the forehead. In
doing this they take a vein with a flap, .
the name and position of which is a pro
found secret known only to himself and
the nose makers. The success of tlie
operation depends entirely on the pre
servation and careful dissection of this
secret vein. The next, step was to turn
up the flap with the secret vein a partic
ular way over the tubes. This being ac
complished, the other parts of the nose .
are (tared and fastened to it with silk lig
ature, and the whole thing is brought to
in end by the application of a special
Kor several days, until the wound Is
bealed. the patient must keep a recum
iient position. On union taking place,
the piece which was left attached to the
forehead is " severed. . and" the patient
comes forth with a new born nose. 1
ought to have mentioned that the re
moval of the zinc tulw is effected as
soon as convenient-- Thus ended the nar
rative of the medical adviser to the nose
. -It only remains now to inquire how
far their work is successful and if their
skill be on a par with their: reputation.
That they have many opjoitunities of
exercising their profession is beyond
lirestion. The wearing of baloo or nath
mwe ring) by the married women and
girls to distinguish them from widows is
a source of injury to the left ala nasi.
This is specially the case with the hill
women of Kangra. whtse rings are far
heavier than those of women dwelling hi
the plains, consequently one often sees
the left ala nasi completely split open,
giving a more than slight disfigurement
anil preventing the distinguishing mark
from being kept up. Many of these
women make use of the uose makers;
but. as far as my otxst-rvation goes, and I
have had many opportunities of seeing
their work, I have never seen a satisfac
tory result. On the contrary I have
known 'many cases where uie operation
has simply left the woman in a worse
plight than before.? -St. James' UazocUa.
Winning at the Lottery.
Travelers who have found it hard to
win at- trente-el-quarante will probably
try to recoup themselves by backing their
fancy in the Italian lottery. An infalli
ble plan for winning has been communi
cate! I to me by a learned Florentine, but
1 forget some of the details. After in
cantations, which you can get up for
yourself in Petrus de Abauo, you have a
little dinner for two- laid on Christmas
eve or the eve of St. John. One
of the plates must be blackened with
smoke on the bottom. You sit 'down
and utter Aves and Pater Nosters till the
door flies open and in rushes Saint Pas
quale somebody (I forget his highly re
spectable family name). He is dressed
all in red and fetches you two swinging
boxes on the ear. for he is angry at being
summoned from paradise. " As he is do
ing this p hand him the plate with
the ftmokeMMtoouom, on which he writes
a terno of figures with his finger. You
plank vour bottom dollar on the terno
fnd " the government pays up) you are
a made man. This is only a rough
8letchof how to win. I have discovered
no other way. English Monthly.
, Origin of the- Ezprem Business.
The vast express business of this coun
try may trace its origin to the small car
pet bag which a young man named Will
iam F. Harden, a- native of Reading, in
Massachusetts, began to carry forth and
back on the Long Island Sound boats, be
tween New York and ISoston, via Provi
dence, exactly half a century ago. That
r famous traveling bag was kept in Boston
as a memorial . for many years, perhaps
is today. -The Argonaut. . 1 ;
School" and church.
-What the church wants is the under-propping
of solitary prayer, the
strength that comes from secret com
munion with Heaven. Christian at
Work. . . - -
The Catholic Bevieit) of New York
estimates that there are now about
70,00c colored Roman Catholics In the
United States, and that the number of
converts from communions varies from
"five per cent, in soma dioceses to
twelve per cent, in others." . : " . -
A messenger boy was seen to walk
up the aisle of a church during service
and call out a prominent physician.
The pastor who was about to begin his
sermon, hesitated and said: "Brethren,
let us pray for a sick man who is in
great danger. Dr. Grosgraln has been
called to see him."
The institution of a class of work
ers to be known . as "deaconesses" by
the Methodist general conference Is re
garded by the Zion's Herald as a great
gain to the church. "The work which
these consecrated women will do," it
thinks, "will be an inestimable adjunct
find relief to the pastorate." -
The total number of city mission
aries In New York may be set down at
266, who probably make 800,000 visits
a year. Besides these there are hun
dreds of tract visitors and hundreds
of poor visitors and other voluntary
agents of various churches and socie
ties, who are going about continually
doing good. .
Bishop Fowler, of the Methodist
church, began his career as a lawyer,
but after he became converted he stud
ied for the ministry, a "calling for
which he has shown marked ability.
His early training in the law, however,
has stood him in good stead, for -a
Bishop must be a man with a judicial
as well as a theological turn of mind.
Tho following advertisement recent
ly appeared in an English religious pa
per: " Wanted, before Advent, unmar
ried priest (earnest Evangelical High
Churchman), for small country church,
the congregation of which is large
ly composed of men. The six points.
Choral services. Open-air preaching.
Cricket, football and working-men's
clubs. No mustached or lawn-tennis-playing
priest need apply."
S win ton's history has been with
drawn from the public schools of Bos
ton, on the ground that it misrepre
sents the Roman Catholic doctrine of
indulgences. The following is the pas
sage which was objected to: "These
indulgences were, in the early agei
of the church, remission of penances
imposed upon persons whose sins had
brought scandal on .the . community.
But in process of time they were rep
resented as actual pardons of guilt,
and the purchaser of indulgence was
said to be delivered from all his sins."
THE NUMBER OF STARS. -'
Only Six Thousand of Them Visible to aa
Ordinarily Good Eye. - - -
The total number of stars one can
see will depend very largely upon true
clearness of the atmosphere and tha
keenness of the eye. There are in the
whole celestial sphere " about 6,000
stars visible to an ordinarily good eye.
Of these, however, we can never se
more than a fraction at any one time,
because a half of the sphere is always
below the horizon. : If we could see a
star in the horizon as easily as in th
zenith, a half of the whole number, or
8,000, would be visible on any clear
night. But stars near the horizon are
seen through so great a thickness o!
atmosphere as greatly to obscure their
light, and only the brightest ones cai
there be seen. As a result of this ob
scuration, it is not likely that more
than 2,000 stars can ever be taken in
at a single view by any ordinary eye
About 2,000 other stars are so near tha
south pole that they never rise in our
latitudes. . Hence, out of 6,000 sup
posed to be visible, only ; 4,000 ejrer
come within the range of our vision,
unless we make a journey towards the
equator. ' " '
1 As telescopic power is increased, wt
still find stars of fainter and faintec
light. But the number can not go on
increasing forever in the same ratio as
with the brighter magnitudes, because,
if it did, the whole sky would be a
blaze of starlight If telescopes with
powers far exceeding our present ones
were made; they would no doubt show
new" stars of the twentieth, twenty
first, etc., magnitudes. But it is highly
probable that the number of such suc
cessive orders of stars would not in
crease in the same ratio as is observed
in the eighth, ninth and tenth magni
tudes, for example. The enormous
labor of estimating the number of star?
of such classes' will long prevent the
accumulation of . statistics on this
question, but this much is
certain, c that in special regions
of ",, the sky, which - have been
searchingly examined by various tele
scopes of successively increasing aper
tures, the number of new stars found
is by no" means in proportion to the in
creased instrumental power. If this is
found to be true elsewhere, the conclu
sion may be that, after all, the stellar
system can be experimentally shown
to be of finite extent and to contain only
a finite number of stars. In the whole
sky" an eye of average power " will see
about 6,000 stars, as I have just said.
With a telescope this number is greatly
increased, and the most powerful tele
scopes of modern times will show more
than 60,000,000 stars. Of this number,
not one out of 100 has ever been cata
logued at alL ; j : In ail. 314,926
utars from the first to the 9 1-2 magni
tudes, are contained in the northern
sky; or about 600,000 .: in both hemi
spheres. All of these can be seen with
8-inch object-glass. Prof. E. S.Eolden,
in Centum. . : r-,r--. r -fi-.
Goroallis Grange, 242,
CORVALLIS, OREGON, 1890.
i:30 :e- '
. .)i irggga :
OPENIXQ EXERCISES. -
"BUSINESS SESSION. r . .
MUSIC. ' . .
SOME OF THE BENEFITS DEBITED FEOM THE QEANOE," , Ltoturer
' '"-.' Discussed by Member Present.
SELECT EEADINO. '- - - - - - Mas. L. WlMOir
FEBRUARY IS. ;
MUSIC " ' " . - .
"READING MATTER FOR THE HOME." -ESSAY,
"HOME AND ITS AFFAIRS," -SELECT
READING, ' - -
INSTRUMENTAL MUSIC, - -
PAPER, "HOW SHALL OUR ROADS BE IMPROVED?"
DISCUSSION, LED Bt A. G. MULKT AND E. ELLIOT.
DECLAMATION. " .
MUSIC. . " "
"PRUNING FRUIT TREES," - - - - - Paor. E. B. Laki
DISCUSSION, LED BY GEO. TAYLOR.
SELECT READING, - - - - Mu. Geo. TATioa
MUSIC. ' .
MU8FC. . -
BANQUET AND SOCIAL MEETING.
"BENEFICIAL BIRDS AND INSECTS,"
"FARM CROPS FOR WILLAMETTE VALLEY."
ESSAY, . . -
music. ' ;
V All papers and essays
M. E. Grimm.
I H. T. Kbbnch.
A. S. L. Y. Wilson.
T. W. Crees.
ft E. Elliot. -
F. Mrs. J. D. Johnson.
L. A. S. Mrs.
3CTAIl kinds .of extra fine job
printing, such as Wedding Invitations
and Cards, Ball Programmes and Tick
ets, Calling Cards, etc., done in excel
lent style at The Gazette office. Call
and inspect samples of stock.
PRor. W. W. Bbutow
Mrs. H. T. Fremgu
Mbs. S. L. Sbbdb
J. D JOHNSOK
Prot. F. L. WARDtBRii
.Discussed by Members Present.
Mrs. J. D. Jouwsor
- - Worthy Mast rr
Discussed by 8. L. Sbedd and others
Mum Alicx Horsiko
are open for discussion.
O. J. D." Johnson. '
S. S. L. Shbdd.
Chap. VV. VV. Bristow.
Sec A. G. Mulkey.
P. Mas. L. Wilson. -C.
Miss A lick Horning.
H. T. Fbench.
OVEKLAD TO CALIFQRMA
Southern Pacific .Company's
LINE,- - -
THE AIT. SHASTA ROUTE.
ALBANTand SAN FRANCISCO
- California. Express Train Sua Sally
PORTLAND ami 8AN FKANCISCO,
Lr PiHlarU ... 4:00 p. ni.
LV San Frisco . ... 7:00 on
LT Altai:y......B:lS p. m
Lr Albany.. .. . .k4S am
Ar San Frisco.. .7:s p.m. Ai l'ortland..'.. 10:46 a ni
t Local Passenger Traiii, Daily.except Sunday
T fortlaud..,.:00 a. m. I Eugene...... 0:00 a. tu
v Albany 12:40 p. m. I Lv Albany 11:35 . ra
Ar Kuyeiie...... 8:40 pro Ar Portland ... 35 p n)
8:20 p m, ..Lv,.. Albany. , ,,Ar,..6:30 a irt
' 9:06 p m. .Ar, . . Lebanon. ,.Lv.. 5:45 a ni
1:50 p m...Lv. , .Albany,, ,.Ar. ,.9:25 p m
2:36 p m. . Ar. .. Lebanon. ..Lv... 8:40 p til
7:30 a m, ,Lv , .Albany Ar. . .4:20 p tn
8:22 a m. .Ar. . .Lebanon. ..Lv . ,.3:40 u m
Pullman Buffett Sleepers;
TOURIST SLEEPING CARS,
For accommodation of second-class!
passengers, attached to Express Trains.
The S, P. Co.'s Ferry make connection with all
the regular trains on the East Side Division trow
foot of F street.
Wst Sila Slvbien. .
BETWEEN PORTLAND AND CORVALLIS.
Ibll Train. Idly Eicopt Saa&tf. .
Portland....... 7 JO a. m.
Corvallis 1:30 p. m.
Corvallis...... 12:SS p, W
Portland , 8:20 p. m
At Albany and Corvallis connect with trains of th
Oregon Pacific Railroad,
Express Train. Ealty Zxeept Sunday.
Portland 4:60 p. m.
McMinnville.. . , 6:45 a. in.
McMinnville... 8:00 p. ni
Portland 9:00 . at
to all points
South and East via California.
Eor full information regarding rate, map
etc., call on company's agent at Corvallis of
15. V RO0ES. Asst. O. f. & V. Ag-ont.
B. KOKIILER Uanaccr
Oregon Pacific liaiiroad arid
Oregon Development Co.'sJ
235 Miles Shorter; 20 Hoars Lens timtf
than by - auy other route. First clag
through (f.iascuger and freight line front
Portland all points in the Wiilaineite valley
to and from San Francisco, C'eL
. Hie Oregon Pacific stPulti boats ofl
the Willamette liver division will
lenve Portland, south-bouii'i, Holiday,
Wednesday and Friday at fl a. m.
Arrive at Corvallis on Tuesday
Thursday and Saturday at 3:30p. m
Leave Corvallis, north-bound Monday
Wednesday and Friday at 8 a.. m
Arri ve at Prfrtland Tuesday, Thuis
day and Saturday at 3:30 p tn
On Monday, Wednesday and Fri
da', both north and south-bound boatt
he over at night at Salem, leaving
there at 6 a. tn ;
TIME SCHEDULE (ekcept Sundays.)
Leaves Albany 1:00 p. ni j Leaves Yaquina6:4ft a. alt
Leave Cer vallisl:40 p a I Leave Cor.allis 10:86 "
Arrive Vaauina 6:S0 p. tn Arrive Albany 11:10 a. m
Oregon A California trains connect at Albany and
O.irvallis. The above trains connect at Yaquiia witH
the Oregon Development Uo.'s line of steouiships bo
tween Yaquina and Salt Francisco.
This Company reserves tbe right to .chars; salUa
dats without notioo.
N. B.' Passengers from Portland fchd alt
Willamette Valiny . points enn lhake closS
connection wfth the trains of the Yaquiui
route at Albany or Corvallis, and if destined
to San Francisco should arrange to arrive at
Yaquina the evening; before date of sailing
Passenger and freight rates alvrafs tb
lowest. For information apply to D. Wi
Cummins, freight and ticket age tit. Corral'
lis. or to C. C. HOGUE,
Acting Gen. F. and E. Agent, Oregon Pa
cilic Railroad Co., Corvallis, Or.
C. H. JIASWKLL. Jr..
Gen. F. and P. Agent, Oregon t)eva!op
meat Co., 304 Montgomery St., 8. F., Cal.
(JKEAT OVERLAND ROUTE!
Two fast trains daily! ffoi change of cars
Shortest line tn Chicago and all point
east, Via ST. PAUL and MINNEAPOLIS.
The Sortherh JPacifie railroad is the only
Ttne rnuning Passenger trains, Sfldohd-claas
sleepers free of charge), luxorioal day
coaches, Pullman palace sleeping cars, pal
ace dining cars meals 75 cents. '
Sea that yoiir ticket read via the North
era Pacific railroad and avoid change of
Leave Portland at 10:40 a. m., and 2 a.
m , daflv; arrive nt Minneapolis or St. Paul
at 5:05 . ni. third day. .
PACIFIC P1VISION Trains lea re
Front aud O street daily at 11:05 a, m. and
2 a. tn.? arrive at New Tacoina at 6:15 p.
m. and 8:30 a. tn. connecting with com pa
toy's boats for all points on Paget Souud.
CHAS. S. FEB.
Oenl Pass. Agent, St, PauL
A. D. CHARLTON
Asst. Geo'l Pass. Agent, No. 121 First it
or. Washington St., i-ortland, Oregon.
' jWDejlnt, comet- First and G Streets. . - j
r UBSOlBWlirTlIli COR
V vaixis GAZKtTfi, the oldest pa
L per in Benton co- One yeart 3
Children Cry for?
Hp (teller's Castorla,