Image provided by: University of Oregon Libraries; Eugene, OR
About The Corvallis gazette. (Corvallis, Or.) 1862-1899 | View Entire Issue (March 28, 1884)
CORVALLIS, OREGON, MARCH 28, 1884.
Published every Friday Morning
BY GAZETTE PUBLISHING HOUSE.
SUBSCRIPTION RATt :
(Payable in Advance.)
Per Year, 2 SO
six Months, 1 SO
Three Months 1 00
Single Copies 10c
Per Year (when not paid in advonce) 3 00
A DEMORALIZED PARTY.
The attitude of the democratic party
on the only issue upon which thev
have pretended to have any distinct
policy, the tariff, has thus far been
singularly weak and discreditable. The
election of Mr. Carlisle and the choice
of 111 c fnmmittpp rn wo trc inrl momc
All nntieeff and advertisements intended for nub-
atian ahoald be handed in by noon on Wednesdays. gave the Country reason tO expect that
Rates of advertising made known on application.
some measure of a definite character
To all of onr subscribers we ask to carefully note
he great improvement in the Gazktte during the
ast year, and after reading it carefully hand a copy
hereof to some friend or neighbor who is not taking
t. and who needs a 'paper, &.J ask them to suLyrib
At the same time ir. ite treir attention to tne
-that fKa fl tteMtfflBSfer iflftfcr va' ifcr of
graphic, general news and miscellaneous, fireside ana
.family reading than any other paper published in
Oregon. To all persons who receive sample copies of
the Uazfttk, we ask to read and examine it carefully
nd decide if they can afforJ to do without it when a
paper containing so much interesting reading can be
obtained for the small sum of two dollars and fifty
:ents per year in advance.
A man should subscribe for a newspaper just ex
actly for the same reason that he buys a dollar's
worth of coffee, or transacts any other kind of busi
ness. When one buys sugar or coffee, in the first
place it is because it is needed, and it is bought where
the best article can be had for the money. So you
should subscribe for your paper, because you need it
and it docs not pay you to do without it. And when
you subscribe you should get the one that is the best
and the most valuable to you for your money.
We propose to furnish to all desiring, the best
news and general family paper in Oregon and ask all
who need such a thing to come forward and subscrbe.
THK AMERICAN FARMER
tnA t.h p(o v ir.i.iu 11 TirrTir fur "- DO ii vi'iir iit n1-
vanna Wo Itava i u-r f .i -f ;r ) a rn i r , i 1 1 1 . nt .a uith tllf
nil that etcih e as to o.Tet our suijserioers a nrst-
i.ionthJv inarazinR which is ran-
idly taking rank a, one . thc latdiQg a(fricuUurai
jiublications of the country fcacn ,ir w!j CHI1
tain useful information for the farmer, nil wilt,
.sons and his daughters. As it corts you almost noth
ing, suppose you try it one year. Parties de-dring
valuable reading matter on farm, stock and agricul
tural subjects, will And this the must profitable and
cheapest way to (ret it.
and of substanj
for the speafe
and oa 1
would at least
. I itK
The New York Times of the 20th
says: "It was stated in railroad circles
yesterday that there were likely to be
important developments in the affairs
of the Oregon and Transcontinental
company soon. Elijah Smith has de-j
clared that he would accept the presi:
dency of the Oregon Improvemen
company, but not of the Oregon and
tial . ellect
eTsKsraH rnaae on
uffif institute for the third
will be held in Albany,
, and 4. By request we
following from the Albany
;t of our legislature in es-
institute work was to ad
educational standing of our
teachers, and, through them, the public
At a conference between the com- schools' of the state. It was thought
mittees of the St. Paul and Minneapo- that the teachers needed more thorough
lis chamber of commerce antv Vj&ru visuJh,tWi ia their work, and that the
general freight iHiPro,-.4jers' association would afford
the Northern Pa- them the means of making this prepa-
o w.Mch it is printed.
rami r is 10 p...
At the Worlds fair committee in
San Francisco last Friday, the secre
tary reported progress as follows: Pe
titions asking government aid to the
amount of $2,000,000 have received
9000 signatures in thirteen days.
With few exceptions, governors of the
respective states and territories have
appointed commissioners where they
have had power to do so, and where
they have not such power, the favora
ble attention of the legislature will be
called to the matter.
California is jubilant over her agri
cultural and industrial prospects for
the year of 1884. Up to February
not more than five inches . had fallen,
but since then the rain fall has exceed
ed ten inches. The ground has been
soaked, even the driest parts of the
land have received more than their
quota, and instead of being parched
by drought have experienced some of
the most notable floods and freshets
in the history of the state. One nota
ble result of the change in the weather
has been the heavy exports, particular
ly of wheat, that have gone out since
the first of March; the grand total of
one week's shipment of wheat and
flour amounting to $1,173,490, which
is about equal to the amount ever
shipped in one week of any year. Ii
speaks eloquently for the future har
vest, and the the outlook is for a most
General Rosecrans, from the com
mittee on military affairs reported fa
vorably a joint resolution amending
the acts of June 7, 1882, which pro
vides l'or ascertaining the claims of the
stales qf California, Oregon and Neva
da ronk expenses in suppressing Indian
hostiitiesL The ioint resolution is a
propost '. aendment to the original
act by permitting the state of .California
to prove up claims accrued as far back
as 1856. The law, as it stands; only
permits the payment of claims arising
since 1861. He also reported adversly
from the committee on military affairs,
a bill for the relief .of citizens of Ore
gon, Washington, Idaho and Montana
who served in-connection with United
States troops in the war with the Nez
Perce Indians, and for the relief of
heirs of such as were killed in such
service. The report says: "Informa
tion in the papers accompanying the
would not" accept
contest. He has pers!
to make the work of pre
difficult and embarrassing
heart he cared less for the
party than he did for the personal for
tunes, which were intimately linked
with the beneficiaries of the high tar
iff. Mr. Morrison's committee were
forced to abandon any idea of a ra
tional revision of the tariff, and to con
tent themselves with the proposal of a
horizontal reduction of 20 per cent., a
considerable addition to the free list,
and a limitation of the duties on cot
ton, steel and woolen goods.
Put the committee had hardly got
this bill in shape before it was found
necessary to cut down the free list to
the three articles of coal, salt and lum
ber, thus abandoning nearly every at
tempt to relieve manufactures by re
ducing the duties, on raw materials. It
is now reported that before the bill
rm;h3s the house to 20 per cent, re
duction will be made 15 per cent., and
coal may be omitted from the free
list Even on this measure, whittled
down to almost nothing, there is grave
doubt ot a democratic majority. What
ever Mr. Randall may admit or deny,
he is practically the leader of a com
bination between a minority of the
democrats and the majority of the re
publicans to defeat any tariff legisla
tion, and he has practically kept back
the appropriations until he is in a posi
tion to oppose them to the propositions
of the ways and means committee.
New York Times.
a - tm
THE AU2N LAWS.
Complaint having been made to con-
.1 . . 1 1 ' 1 r 11 ,
grcss uiai me anen law or ia4 nas
been grossly abused by the foreigners
to the detriment of American pilots
and engineers. Under the law any
alien who has legally declared his in
tention of becoming a citizen ot the
United States, and has had a perma
nentresidence in this country for six
months prior to his application for
license, may be licensed as a pilot or
engineer of any steamboat as if he had
already been natuualized.
It is alleged that on the Atlantic and
Pacific coasts and the Canadian bor
der, a large proportion of aliens get
their license as pilots and engineers by
declaring their intention, but never be
coming bona fide citizens; that their
only residence in this country is during
the navigation season, and that when
that season is over they, having served
as American captains, pilots and engi
neers, return to the Canadian homes,
where they pay taxes and own alle
giance to their foreign power. These
aliens get their licenses renewed year
after year by simply exhibiting to the
inspectors the papers they held the
previous year. An American pilot or
engineer cannot act in that capacity
upon a Canadian vessel without being
a British subject, the law being strictly
enforced against him.
To correct the abuses of the Ameri
can law the commerce ..committee of
the house has recommended that the
law be amended so that, to obtain a
renewal of a license as engineer or pilot
applicant must exhibit to the inspector
satisfactory evidence, under oath, that
he has continuously resided in the
United States for one year preceeding
the application, and that no license
shall be granted to any person who
has not been a resident of this country
four years, or who has received a fourth
eific recently, some misapprehensions
f the tenor of the meeting at which
fte" Minneapolis committee had been
ppointed, were dispelled on one
hand and the workings of the new
tariff were explained up on the other.
Mr. Oakes showed that in making up
the tariff, graduating rates had been
made from St. Paul to Portland on one
hand, and rates upon the same basis
of compensation made from Portland
to St. Paul and Minneapolis on the
other. "It would be suicidal," Oakes
said, "to ruin the Pacific coast trade,
which was governed by conditions of
water transportation, etc.. in the inter
est of cities at this end of the line. In
adjusting the tariff St. Paul and Minne
apolis had been accorded practically
all the territory from the Idaho line
eastward, and Portland all from that
point westward. Walla Walla, Colfax,
Wallula, Farmington and some other
points Irhich were named, were in the
Oregon Railway and Navigation Com
pany's line, and not within their jurisdiction."
ration. This, then, they vere expected
to do, and to take advantage of this
valuable and practical means for self
improvement, becomes the duty of
every live teacher. This is by no means
a new method for the advancement of
the teachers' profession, neither did it
originate in Oregon, but for many
years it has been used as one ot the
most potent educational factors in the
New England States, the Middle and
Western states, and we note here the
gratifying results of their establishment
in most of the Southern states where
they have been well attended and have
undoubtedly produced good results and
are proving to be an important agency
.i. .i ..- r i ,.,.1 1.. rru.
l" uuc u uicil i "'e u,uuIS. tne t;eSj as foJlows.
development of the public school sys- Baker 5 Lake 2
tern in the southern states proves con-1 aeIltun 0 Lane 10
. ... Clackamas 10 JLiuu 12
clusively the recupemon possible, not Clatsop J Marion 18
oniv in tvi,.reii:il wenltli lint, in intol. Columbia 4 Multnomah 35
struction whenever he is disposed to be
careless or lacks information necessary
to distinguish the right from wrong.
We admit that he might by constant
reading gain a good knowledge of the
theory and practice of teaching by
reading school journals and paying
close attention to educational literature
generally, but there will still be left a
work for the institute to do, and one
which nothing else is capable of per
forming. Young teachers especially,
then, should be present at each and
every s-ssioa -o the institute, and with
note-book and pencil in hand, be dili
gent in taking notes of the best
thoughts and choicest methods present
ed by experienced teachers who will lie
Call Adopted by tne Committee.
A KepuWican Convention for the state of
Oregon is called to meet at the city of Fort
land, Oregon, on Wednesday, the 30th day
of April, 1884, at 11 o'clock A. M., for tin;
purpose of nominating candidates for the
following offices, to wit : Representatives
in Congress, Judge of the Supreme Court,
three Presidential Electors, and disrtict
officers for the several judicial districts, and
to select six delegates to attend the Na
tional Republican Convention, and to trans
act such other' business as may properly
come before the Convention.
The convention will consist 206 of dele
gates, apportioned among the several coun-
M. S. WOODCOCK,
Attornev " at - Law,
Corvallis, - - Oregon.
GEORGE A. BROCK,
-A.ttora.ev at Law,
AND NOTARY PUBUC,
CORVALLIS, - OREGON.
Office with P M. ton.
J. B. Lbk, M. D. G. R. ittA, M. D.
LEE & FARRA,
Corvallis, - - Oregon.
( 'oi in fi
lectual wealth as well, and we bid the Crook 5
nili'i- mpn nn.l wnrnen wlin ow l-.iKnr- Curry 2
, ., , , , , , , ILouglas .
ing joe uie development, anu upDiuiaing
WOOL IN CALIFORNIA.
The wool growers of California have
had a great many ups and downs.
They are just now concerned about the
proposed change in thedutieson wool
They want more protection, rather I
than less. In this respect they are in
accord with the wool growers of Ohio.
The wool clip of this Stnte in 1883
was about 40,000,000 pounds. But
most of this product brought low
pricec. There were several reasons
for this. In the first place the woolen
factories of the Eastern States had
come upon a comparatively dull year
in the manufacture of woolen fabrics.
Nearly all kindsof manufactured goods
had been ruling low. Metal goods
were low, especially those of iron and
steel. There had been a season of
over-production in nearly all classes of
goods. The wool buyer went to Aus
tralia and to Texas for a number of
grades of wool. It is of prime con
cern now to inquire further why Cali
fornia wools are neglected. The dull
season accounts for a falling off de
mand and for low prices. But it does
not account for the preference which
wool buyers are giving to Texas and
Great attention has been paid in
California to the production of Spanish
merino sheep. These sheep carry fine
wool, which is gummy and very dirty
for the most part. Some complaint
has been made about the weakness of
fibre. But such complaint, we Like it,
are confined to a few lots, or affect
only limited localities. For some rea
son California wool, or a great deal of
it, does not rank high in the eastern
markets. This is evident from the
market quotations, and from the cur
rent comments in eastern papers. When
the fruit growers of this state have im
portant interests to consider, they
come together in state and district con
ventions; and they give the interests
they represent a pretty thorough over
hauling. The wool growers might
take a hint as to the value of such
meetings. 1 he burry ana airty Cali
fornia wool is inevitable in the first
instance; but is it not possible to do the
scouring at home; and ship for the
most part wool separated from burrs
and dirt? Wool growers are compe
tent to answer these and many other
questions affecting their interests. But
it certainly is not too early for them to
of the sunny south Godspeed. While
we are happy, in this development and
progress in our sisir states, we are
more immediately concerned :jour
own educational advancement as a
state, judicial district and county.
Some people are continually looking
abroad for missionary fields of labor
and theij-eagle, gaze oftentimes pene
trates to the utmost isles of the sea in
search of ignorant humanity, forgeting
in their philanthropic zeal, that there
may be a small field near home, and
this brings us again to our subject, the
institute and its purposes. Before in
stitutes and teachers' associations came
into vogue, every teacher taught his
own school and confined himself to his
own plans and ideas, as if that might
be (Squers like) the only school in the
Tillamook . . .
Umatilla. . . .
O. F. WILLEY. M. D.
Physician and. Surgeon,
Corvallis, - Oregon.
office two doors north of gazette
oitice. Residence one door north of office. 2051
Ihysicimn fc Surgeon.
Office 2 doors south of H. E. Harris' Store,
Cobvalli, - - Oregon.
Residence on the southwest corner of block, north
Mid west of the Methodist church.
FINISHED IN BEST STYLE.
LOW RATES. PICTURES REPRODUCED-
Great care taken With Children.
WORK DONE.SATISFACTOU1LY AND PROMPTLY
.1. W. McCOSNELL, Artist,
One door south sf A. Cauthorn & Son.
W. C. Cmwford,
The same being one at large from each
county, and one delegate for every 125
votes, and one for every fraction over one
half thereof, cast for Hon. M. C. George,
Congressicnn, at the last general election.
The committed recommend that th- uri
maries be held on Saturday tw l-i.v. .. c
April, ami the connty conventions on Tues
day, the 22d day of April, unless otherwise
ordered by the proper County Central Com
mittees. The committee earnestly recommend that
the delegates elected to the .State Conven
tion attend in person, and if not convenient
for thein to so attend personally, that they
send their proxies by electors of the county
The ltepublican voters of the state, with
out regard to past political differences, who
are in favor of elevating and dignifying
American labor giving free popular educa-
world. Perhaps, unless a "spelling j turn to the masses of the peoplo, effectually
bee" or a "cornlmsking" chanced to protecting all human rights in every section
bring them together, he never met his of ourcommpn country, and who desire to
renewed license, unless applicant shall
exhibit to the inspectors certificate of inquire why California wool does not
fellow teacher hi the adjacent c'istiict,
and when they occasionally did meet,
it was only to exchange a surly saluta
tion and then they immediately retired
to their respective burrows, where un
der the seductive influence of a corn
cob pipe siesta, they meditated in
peace and quietute upon the hermetical
bachelorism of Mr. Pickwick.
But again something more than a
mere meeting is intended. There will
be plenty of good solid work for the
teachers to do after they cftme together
and care should be taken to inform
each teacher of the topic assigned to
him some time before the meeting, in
order to give him an opportunity to
review it. There is no one that does
not prefer the pleasure of success to the
moiikvaiioii consequent upon failure,
and a desire to excel should prompt
every teacher to study his part closely,
ih at he might be able to use it to the
best advantage when the day arrives.
This will cause research on his part,
and his boundaries of knowledge will
be proportionately extended, Subjects
he had entirely neglected will come
before him for examination, while
others that he had passed over lightly
would be more apt to receive the prop
er amount of attention. The point here
is, that teachers should be duly inform
ed of their subjects, and then they
should make thorough preparation.
Again, in teaching, as in architec
ture, the stronger parts should sustain
the weaker, and the teacher just assum
ing the responsibilities of his first
school should have some means of avail
ing himself of those who have been
longer at the work. There are numerous
byroads liable to lead him astray, and
bill is too indefinite to justify the com
mittee in recsmmending the passage of admission to citizenship of the United command better prices in the Atlantic . errors and mistakes without number
the bilL" ! States. i markets. Bulletin. readv to crecm into his methods (fin-
promote friendly feeling and permanent har
mony throughout the state by maintaining
EPS CONSTANTLY ON HAND A LARGE
assortment of Watches, Clocks, Jewelry, etc.
All kinds of repairing done on short notice, and all
9 work warranted.
Real Estate Agency.
have some very da-iiiuulc; property on the Bay for
ale in lots from 10 to. 237 acres. Some of this ia
ear the O P. R. K. terminus. Persons wishing- to
invest will do well to call on mewhen prices are rea
suitable. Address with-stamps to pre pay postage.
R. A. Be.NSELL
v-ewport Benton Conner Or. - . ,.IJM
F. J. Hertdrichson,
Boot and Shoe Maker,
I always keep on hand superior ma
terial and warrant my work. I ask an examination,
of my goods before purchasing' elsewhere.
19-;2-lyr F. J. Hendrichson.
FOR SALE AT THIS OFFICE.
Notice is hereby given that the undersigned, Will
iam Masters, has been appointed aoministrator of the
estate of John W. York, deceased, by theCounty
. ,, i i i i i court OI tsenton county, urction. A l persons navmir
a government pledged to these objects and I . ..
proper vouchers to said administrator, at the law
offieeof MS. Wood cock, in the city of Corvallis, in
said county of Benton, within six months from the
date of U.ib notice. IJated this the 29th day of Feb
2110ft WILLIAM MASTERS,
Administrator of the Estate of John W.York, dee'd.
privileges, are cordially invited to unite in
selecting delegates to the Republican State
Convention. SOL. HIUSCH, Chairman.
Portland, Oregon, Feb. 21, 1884.
The following was unanimously adopted.
Resolved, That the committee earnestly
recommend that the delegates elected to the
state convention attend personally, or that
they send their proxies by electors of the
county they represent.
State of Oregon, 1
Salem, Feb. 12, 1884. )
To All Whom it may Concern :
Whereas, the following Joint Resolution
was duly adopted by both Houses of the
Legislative Assembly of the State of Oregon
at the sessions cf 1880 and 1882, to-wit :
"Be it resolved by the Senate, the House
concurring, that the following amendment
to the Constitution of the State of Oregon
be, and is hereby proposed :
The elective franchise in this State shall
not hereafter be prohibited to any citizen on
account of sex."
Now, therefore, persuant to said action
of said Legislative Assembly, and in com
pliancejwith the provisions of Senate Join
Resolution No. 9, adopted by said Legisla
tive Assembly at the session of 1882, pro
viding for the submission of said amend
ment to the people of the State.
Proclamation is hereby made that said
proposed amendment to the Constitution of
the State of Oregon will be submitted to the
legal voters of the State of Oregon, for rati
fication or rejection, at the general election
to be held therein on Monda3 the 2nd day
of June, a. d , 1884.
Witness my hand and the great seal of
State of Oregon hereto attached,
this 12th day of February, A. n.
Z. F. MOODY, Ccvernor.
R. P. E.vrhart.
Secretary of State.
THIS OPT, and return to
The Uazeue rublishinj Htmse with an order for
j any amount of Job Printing, such as bill or
Le.ter tiuads, invitations, Lulling and ttusinesd
Cards, Programmes, itUl Tickets, Note, Order,
j and Receipt hooks, Circulars, Labels, Muppmg
lairs, rosters, or nay class ot Job Printing.
Prices as low as Good Work can be done for.
STEINWAyI'sSnVnD KRANICH & BACH
Pianos. Tuning and repairing of Pianos
and Organs a specialty.
HKAB ALDER, (.20-23m6) Portland Or.
Cor. Second and Monroe Sts.
Keeps constantly on hand all kinds of j
Coffins and. Caskets.
Wo. k done to order on short notice and at
Coivallis July 1, 1881. 19:27yl.