Published every Friday Morning BY ft S. WOODCOCK. SUBSCRIPTION RATES : (Pavablo in Advance.) Per Year ? Six Months f Three Months 1 10 rn;rle Copies ? ! Per Year (when not paid in advontq 3 00 All notices rod advertisements intended for pub atiou should' be handed in by noon ou Wednesdays. Rates of advertising made known on application. Miscellaneous Business Cards, M. S. WOODCOCK, ttoriiev - at - Law, CORVALLIS, - - OBEGON. " b. R. FARRA, M. D, lliysioian &Surgeon. OFFICER-OVER GRAHAM, HAMILTON CO'S Drus Store. Corvallis, Oregon l25yl t.v bSreeTntoT Physic: .; t n fc Surgeon. Office 2 doors south of H. E. Harris' Store, CORVALLI'-, - - OREUON. Residence on the southwest comer of block, north mil west of the Methodist church. l!):21-vrl. F. J. ROWLAND, Blacksmith & Wagonmaker, Philomath, Oregon. Mr Rowland is prepared to do all kinds of wagon ng, repairing and blacksniithing to order. He uses the best of material every time and warrants his work. Wg-lyt W. C. Crawford, JEWELER. KEEPS CONSTANTLY ON HAND A LARGE assortment of Watches, Clocks, Jewelry, etc. AM kinds of repairing done on short Dotted, and all work warranted. Real Estate Agency. have some very de-:ii able property on the Bay for ale in lots from 10 to 237 acres. Some of this is ear the O P. R. R. tei minus. Persons within to invest will do well to call on me when prices ale rea soluble. Address with sumps to pre pay postage. R. A. Bkxsell New Benton County Or., LADIES WISHING TO LEARN THE Rink System of Dress Cutting w'U pla se call on me as I am the only author cd agent in Cwval . 20.11m3 Mrs. W. H. Huffman. L, J. Hendrichson, Boot and Shoe Maker, Philomath, Oregon. I always keep on hand superior ma rial and warrant m'v work. I ask an examination of mv goods before purchasing elsewhere. iO-32-lyr F. J. Hendrichson. FOR SA LE AT THIS OFFICE THE YAQUINA HOUSE! Is now prepared to accommodate travelers in first-class style at all hours. Meals Only 25 Cents. Horse feed constantly on hand, at the lowes liv ins rates. Situated on the Yaquina Road, hal way Iiom CoivadistoNewpoi 20:12yl. p- R ANT- KELSAY & HOLGATE, Attorneys - at - Law. Col. Kelsay and myself have formed a copartner ship in the practice of the law. The Col's ex perience at the liar and on the Bench and b:s studious habits is a sure guarantee that all business intrusted to us in te line of suits or actions in Court will be well attended to. I will continue other business and give prompt attention to the seme as heretofore. Such as Cl Meet ing. Being a Notary Public will attend to convey ancing in all its branches, Deeds, Mortgages, Keal and Chattel, Leases, Releases, Powers at attorney, Contracts, &c. &c. Buy sell and lease Heal Estate both farms and town property, collect rents, ne gotiate loans, search and examine titles, and a gen eral agency business. Ain now in bru-k building and have fire proof safe for the safe keeping of notes and other valuable papers left for collection &c. Office in Burnett's new brick, first door at head of stairs. 19;l7tf K. HOLGATE. E. I TAYLOR, DENTIST The oldest established Dentist and the best outfit in Corvallis. AH work kept in repair free of charge and satis fac on guaranteed. Teeth extracted without pain by he use of Nitrous Oxide Gas. 3Titoons up-stairs over Jacobs & Neugass new Brick Store, Corvallis, Oregon. 19:27yi qWwoou To the goat raisers of the State of Oregon: I am perfecting an arrangement to handle all the Goat Wool in the State aud will say to all who have Goat Wool on hand PLE1SE SEND ME SIMPLES from several fleeces, (aveiage) and I will see what can be done with the same. I dui't expect this year to be able to only make a start and the price will be nominal, but will increase the price and grade from year to year. State How Much You Have. Address, Newport, Or, hm w r ' 16tf AGENT. Boots and koesI Protzman & DeFrance Masonic Temple, 3rd and Alder Streota, PORTLAND. OR. THE LARGEST Retail Boot and Shoe House In Oregon. OCCUPYING TWO STORE ROOMS. Send for Catalogue and Price List. 21 -m mtttt VOL. XX. CORVALLIS, OREGON, JUNE 15, 1883. NO. 25. NEW FIRM! i6llIH IMPLEMENTS We have in stock the Deering Twine Binders, Deering and Standard Mowrs, Minnesota Cliiet Threshers, Morrison Plows, Minnesota Giant and Stillwater Engines, Elwnod mounted Horse-Power, Centennial Fanning nill, cel ebrate.) Buckeye line of Seeders and Drills. We also keep the celebrated Whitewater and Ketch tun wagons. .iune2yl W. H. M1LLHOLLASD. II . . HAREIS, One Door South of Graham & Hamilton's, COKVALLIS, - - OREGON. Groceries, Provisions, DRY GOODS. Cora.-llis, June 24. 1SS2. 10-19yl PORTER, SLESSINGER & CO,, Manufacturers- and ToTlers of THE CELEBRATED IRON CLAD BOOT & SHOE. These Coods are Warrant ed not to rip. All Genuine have the tiade mark "IKON CLAD" stamped t'.iereon. 117 Battery Street, San Francfsco, Cal. GOOJJS FOR SALE AT MAX FRIENDLY' S Corvallis, Oregon. WANTED! lOOO MenandBoys AT J.W. HANSON'S. CLOTHING ANQ TAILORING EMPORIUM To fit them out in the latest style of ready made Clothing. Also the finest lot of Pants Patterns and Suitings Ever brought to Corvallis. Call and. Examine Goods. No trouble to show goods. Two doors South of Post Office, CORVALLIS. . OREGON. " THE ST. JOHN LAND & IMPROVEMENT CO, Directors : . P. THOMPSON, P. T. SMITH, L. A. BANKS, W. BY RON DANIELS, JAMES T. GRAY. Office, corner First ami AVagliiilfrtoil Stst Portland, Oregon. Capital Stock - $375,000 Parties desiring a safe and profitable investment should call or w rite for information at once. Messrs. Buford & Waggaor are agents for the Company in Corvallis and can give information on value to persons seeking first-class investments. 20-1 lm2 H i i c 3 3 3 8 El rr- M - c n5 - 9 o cD fL,.rt X fed C CO UJ CO CO J o o CO 0 c CO E CB ui C BE xa r" CQ C2 3 m Tfl O I " AT GUST KNIGHT, CABINET MAKER, UNDERTAKER. Cor. Second and Monroe Sts. , CORVALLIS, : OREGON, Keeps constantly on hand all kinds of FUENITUEE Coffins and Caskets. Work done to order on short notice and at reasonable rates. Corvallis July 1, 1S81. 19:27yl. AT SEA. One does not really ssem ta have 2jot out of doors till he goes to sea. On tlie land he is shut in by the hills, or the forests; or more or less housed by the sharp lines of his horizon. But at sea he finds the roof taken off, the walls taken down; he is no longer in the hollow ol the earth's hand but upon its naked back, with nothing between him and the im mensities. He is in the g eat cosmic otit-of-doors, as much so as if voy aging to the moon or to Mars. An astronomic solitude and vacuity sur rounds him, his only guides and landmarks are stellar; the earth has disappeared; the horizone has gone; he has only the sky and its orbs left; this cold, vitreous, blue-black liquid through which the ship plows is not water, but some denser form of cos mic ether. He can now see the curve of the sphere which the hills hide from him; he can study astronomy under improved conditions. If he was being borne through the inter planetary spaces on an immense shield, his impressions would not perhaps be mnch different. He would find the same vacuity, the same blank or negative space, the same empty, indefinite, oppressive out-of doois. For it must be admitted that a voyage at sea is more impressive to the imagination than to tlie actual sense. The world is left behind; all standards of size, of magnitude, of distance, are vanished; there is no size, no form, no perspective; the uni verse has dwindled to a little circle of erumpled water, that journeys with you day after day and to which you seem bound by some enchant ment. The sky becomes a shallow close fitting dome, or eN a pall of cloud that seems ready to descend upon you. Yon cannot see or real ise the vast and vacant surroundings; there is nothing to define or set it off. Fhree thousand miles of ocean space are less impressible than three miles bound by rugged mountain walls. Indeed, the grandeur of form, of magnitude, of distance, of propor tion, etc., are only upon the shore. voyage across the Atlantic is only a ten day sail through vacancy. There is no sensible progress; you pass no fixed points. Is it the steamer that is moving, or is it the sea? or is it all a dream and illusion of the troubled brain? "Yesterday, to-morrov, you are in the same par enthesis of nowhere. The three ban fred or more miles the ship daily makes is ideal, not real. Every night the stars dance and real there in the same place amid the rigging; every morning the sun comes up from be hind the same wave, and staggers slowly across the sinister 6ky. The eye b"comes a-hunger for form, for pel mai'ent lines, for a horizon wall to hit up and kep off the sky and give it a sense of room. One under stands how sailors become an imag inative and superstitious race; it is the reaction from this narrow hori zon in which tney are pat this ring of fate surrounds and oppresses them. They escape by invoking the aid of the'supernatural. In the sea itself there is far less to stimulate the im agination than in the varied forms and colors of the land. How cold, how merciless, how elemental it looks I GETTING IN AND OUT OF THE ARMY. Mothers and fathers are constantly applying to the Secretary of War for the discharge of their sous from the army, says a Washington corres pondent. Secretary Lincoln has absolute power in this matter. As a result he has to talk to a dozen or two agonized parents every day. As a general rule they represent that their sons were under the lawful age when they enlisted. If they can prove this their sons are discharged. When they canTt they comrdain lht it is unjust to hold a young man to a contract which he concluded im pulsively in a moment of desperation. Sometimes it was the result of money troubles, sometimes of love troubles, and sometimes of family troubles. You would imagine, if you heard all these tales, that this was the popular method of committing suicide. Most of our young soldiers appear to have taken up arms because of a sea of troubles. In almost every case the young man is just about to desert. He sees nothing before him in the army but the slavish monotonous life of a soldier without a future. He sees about him if he is in the West, as he usually is splendid possibili ties for a young man. They want to get out of the army. They want to gel at the possibilities. So thy write to their people in the East that they will desert unless they are ban orably discharged from the army by a certain day. Thereupon the half frantic mothers and fathers and uncles and aunts flock to the War Department. The War Department holds on like grim death to the few soldiers it has. The army grows smaller day by day. A year's de sertions decimate it as a battle would. They are only 20,000 men in all. There are dropping out by twos, threes, dozens every day. The fas cinating recruiting agents do not charm enough recruits to make up for the losses. So the War Depart ment fights for its soldiers as its sol diers ought to fight for it. When they desert they are chased, if enough soldiers remain in the gar rison. If the deserters are caught they are tried by court-martial and sentenced to two years' imprison ment at hard labor in the military prison at Foit Leavenworth, Kansas. At the expiration of his term of im prisonment he is dishonorably dis charged from the service of the Uni ted States. I would advise young men to keep out of the army until at least the army grows better. Per haps it will never grow better unless they grow better., and unless mere of them go into it. ADVISE ON THE BAYONET QUESTION. Texas Sif Aa'p. We perceive in a Washington pa per that there is some talk in mili tary circles of introducing a new style of bayonet into the army. It is a painful thing to the soldier to have a new kind of bayonet intro duced, particularly after he has be come accustomed to the triangular, or trowel bayonet heretofore in use. The short, broad, triangular bayonet has several advantages possessed by no other implement of death. After a hostile Indian, or any other foe of Uncle Sam's has been bayoneted with the trowel bayonet, he may not like it at first, but he never will use any other kind in h's family. In case of necessity, the trowel is intended to be used as au intrenching tool. If a company of infantry, armed with the trowel bayonet, is about to be attacked in a large open prairie, the soldiers can, in a few moments throw up a breastwork almost as high as their heads. Instead of do ing away with the trowel bayonet, other weapons that might serve two or three purposes should be furnished our gallant soldiers. For turning flapjacks the trowel bayonet has no rival. With the ordinary long, nar row bayonet the soldier cannot pos sibly turn his flapjack without mak ing a mess of it. In digging up mes quite roots for fuel on the boundless prairies of the West, the trowel bay onet is a perfect terror, so the sol diers say. Excellent as the trowel bayonet is, it might be improved somewhat. We think a kind of com bined battle axe and pitchfork bay onet might be invented. It should be somewhat after the style of those table knives made for one-armed men, with a fork on the back of the knife, with which to impale the chunks of beef-steak that have been cut into by the blade of the imple ment. A weapon of this kind in the hands of our soldiers would be very effective. It is also our opinion that a combined spade and revolver, a kind of revolving spade, might be invented, that would deliver a dozen shots a minute, and dig np a ten acre field while ft. is being reloaded, We have very little practical mili tary experience, and merely call the attentiou of General Sherman to these suggestions in a casual off-hand sort of way. We do not wish to be understood as dictating to the mili tary authorities. Horses at rest have a normal pulse of about forty beats a minute; oxen, from fifty to titty-live beats; and sheep and pigs, from seventy to eighty. A material change from these rates may be considered as an indica ticn of disease. CATCHING WILD ELEPHANTS The highest mental faculties are more developed in the elephant than in any other animal except the dog and the monkey. The general fact that elephants are habitually employed in parts of India for stor ing timber, building, &c, shows a hisrh level of docile intelligence. But perhaps in no labor in which they are employed do they display a more wonderful sagacity than in helping to catch wild elephants. A herd of wild elephants is driven into a corral, and two tame ones ridden in among them. Two decoys will crowd up on either side of a wild one, and piotect the nooser until a rope i. fastened round the wild elephant's leg, when the tame one to whose col lar the other end of the rope is fas tened, will drag the captive out and wind the rope round a tree, while the olhr decoy prevents any interference from the herd, and pushes the cap tive to ivard the tree, this enabling the first one to take in the slack of the rope. The conduct of the tame ones during all these proceedings is truly wonderful. They display the most perfect conception of every movement, both of the object to be attained and of the means to accom plish it. On one occasion, in tying up a largs elephant, he contrived, before he could be hauled close up to the tree, to walk once or twice around it, carrying the rope with him; the decoy, perceiving the ad vantage he had thus gained over the nooser, walked up of her own accord and pushed him backward with her head till she made him unwind him self again; upon which the rope was hauled light and made fast. One could almost fancy there was a display of dry humor in the man ner in which the decoys thus play with the tears of the wild herd, and make light of their efforts at resist ance. When reluctant they shove them forward, when violent they drive t bean back; when the wild ones throw themselves down, the tame ones butt them with bed and shoul ders and force them up again, and, when it is necessary to keep them down, they knell upon them and pre vent them from rising till the ropes are secured. HOW HIS WIFE MANAGED IT. When she will she will, and there's an end on't. Writes the Washing ton correspondent of the Boston Traveller : I herd a good story the other day about, a venerable ex- member of Congress from Pennsyl vania, who had been married twice, and has for his second wife a I'vely young lady who is extremely fond of social gayeties. Not long ago she made an engagement to accompany a young naval officer to one of the fashionable balls, and told her hus band she was going, but neglected to say she had secured an escort. He appeared to be pleased, and said he would accompany her. This was more than she had bargained tor, and she resorted to various expedi ents to get him to stay at home. The more reasons she gave, the more he was determined to go. Things were getting desperate, when a bright idea struck her. She took the old gentleman's false teeth and hid them, and when the evening came he was still without those necessary ad juncts to mastication. He wondered and raved, and raved and wondered, but it was no use, be couldn't find them, and finally was obliged to re main at home, while his wife tripped g3yly to her carriage, and spent a most delightful evening. The Burial Place of Prophets On the ascent of the Mount of Olives adjoining the Jewish Ceme tery, is a plot of ground which has been preserved to the Jews from time immemorial as the burial place of the Prophets Haggai, Zechariah and Malachi. Hebrews the world over have been distressed by the re port that this sacred spot was about to be sold by the Turkish authorities to a Christian sect which intended to build a church upon it. At last ac counts the completion of the sale bad been deferred by Raouf Pacha at the urgent solicitation of the spiritual heads of the Jewish community. The intending purchaser is said to be the Russian Archimandrite in Jerusalem, and the price agreed upon is 80. WONG FAT BEWILDERED. Not long ago Wong Fat's estab lishment was dazed by the appear ance of a tall and powerfwJ built stranger, who was dressed in the most .frantic attire Loo Fun had seen in the land of the "red eyed devils." The wonderfully attired person wore a fiercely twisted black mustache, a brown sack coatr an abbreviated pet ucoat, fong dark stockings and strong shoes. Betwee he tops of his hose and the end of his skirt many inches of bare legs obtruded in a manner that made Mrs. Wong FatV mahogney cheek turn a shade darker. A large stick in one hand and a bundle under the other completed the stranger's costume. Having di vested himself of the bundle, he de parted, but presently returned on the jump, aidr seeing Wong Fat in specting his parcel, emitted a wild yell that scared Mrs. Wong Fat into hysterics and set all the dogs ft;r three block round barking. "Hi, ther,'" roared the athletic stranger, "kep yer bans off me duds. Dinna ye ken, ye haythin, I lef some thin' in ma purse." Wong Fat fell back in terror and the burly stranger took a long wool en stocking from the bundle, aud having carefully extracted a ear ticket from the toe of the "purse" sauntered off As soon as Loo Fun recovered his breath he asked ol Wong Fat: "Wha' you callee him petticoat, slockliu', alleesanie woman; mustache allee same Mefican man. Wha' you callee him ha?" "Me no sabbe him him velly big, velly stlong. Mee thinkee him stlongee-ruind woman allee same woman say 'Wha' fo' me no votee. me no get office me good as man, anyway; me betta as man; me can workee like man; me can dink an' cussee good as man; whe man him be but fo' me; why me no vote ?' m The entrance of Scotch in sear h of his spare picnic collar gave a new turn to the conversation. "You sabbee big stlangee man leavee he' while go ?" inquired Wong Fat of his distinguished patron. "Fwhat ! D'ye mane the big lum niix wid the bigh-wahter pants that jist went down the shtreet- Why, ye ignorant idohlathur, that was Donald Dinne, the famous Scotch wrast ler." "Whi him no way him pants?" "For :he same raysin, I spose, an Irishman does wear 'em. Because because look here you squint-eyed rice aiter, you're ashkin too many queshtucs." "Sposc him go out whe wind blow velly stlong; spose him climb a tlee?" "I dod't think he will climb any threes; it's a long time since he was caught." "Spose." "That'll do wid yer blarney; give me me collar." Real Estate AgeiicyJ corvallis: oregqjT rWSllB & 1B!B?5J Real Ratafee- Agents, will bivy, sJ, or lease frnior farm property ou. commission. FEN CLEANING. A writer in a German paper states that it is a custom in office in that country to have a sliced potato in the desk in commercial houses. He does not state whether the esculent should be raw or not, but the proba bility is that it is not boiled. The use of the potato is to clean steel pens, and generally acts as pen-wiper. It removes all ink crust, and gives a peculiarly smooth flow to the ink. He also statesj that the Hamburg clerks pass new pens two or three times through a gas flame, and then the ink will flow freely. Having made arrangements-' for co-operation with agents in Portland, and bein hil ly acquainted, with real property in 1 teuton, county, we feel assured of giving entire sat i patronage. all who may ftanrorns with their G. A. WACiUONEH,. 20-ryl H. J. BteTORD, The We Job Printing Office 13 PRKPARED TO DO ALL KIND OK WORK KK-TTLT. SEEDS IN WALKS. As to the clearing ot weeds frim walks an experienced gardener states. "that salS i sorwelintes applied to sjravel walks and roads in a liquid state, or in. the form of stueng brine used quite hot, or as near the boiling point as possible. This r said to bu very cf&ctuHl in pevtkt th growth of' w-ts. Sundry other so lutions are also recomnw-ndfed fan- the purpose. But I know of nothihgr more effectual than a liberal dressing; of dry salt, sufficient to whiten, thts entire surface ot the gravek A slight sprinkling is of little use, and may even increase Farther than dimish the evil which rt ks intended to cure. Im applying such a dressing as has just been recommended it is, of course necessary to exercise caution, in or der to prevent the salt coming n contact with the grass, box or ether plants, which may form an edging to the road or walk operated upon-. Cause and Treatment of Fainting: Fainting, in most of its forms, is a purely natural and philosophical con dition for which there is a good rea son. Fainting from loss o' blood is nature's remedy fo- the bleeding. The heart's action is lowered; the blood withdrawn from, the extremi ties (where, presumidly, the bleeding is going on) into the larger central vessels; the patient lies motionless; there are no struggles to foree the blood out of the wound; there is uo pain felt. In a case of tainting, there fore, from loss of blood, simply lay the patient on the back a liltlo turned to one side with the head low and the wound in a position fav orable to the doctor's manipulation; loosen all fastenings and buttons, about the throat, and then await the doctor's arrival. Do-nt try to bring the patient around by deluding him, with water. Above all give him no brandy unless by the doctor's orders. Brandy will end the fainting quick enough, but it will start the heart afc double quick time and send the blood surging through the peripheral arter ies, breaking down and washing away any protective plnps of dot which have probably begun to close rhe wounded vessels. Iu case of fainting from shock or from patn the patient should be placed in an easily recumbent position, with the head low and the throat free from pressure. The forehead may then be bathed with cold water and brandy cautious ly administered, or ammonia applied to the nostrils. Knew All About It. A colored man was hanging around one of the opera houses the other evening in a manner to show that he was deeply interested in what was going on inside, and a gentle man Anally sal I to him: "Why don't you go in ? Under the civil rights bill you can take a seat in the parquet circle." "Yes, sah, I knows all 'bout dat, sab," was the reply. "Under de cibil right bill I ken take any seat in de house; but under the present strain on my finances I couldn't buy two shingles if hull opera houses war' selling for ten cents apiece, sah !" Old newspapers for sale at this office for 25 cents per 100. Good Grounds for Divorce. There is a gentleman out west who has applied for a divorce for good and sufficient reason. He declares in an affidavit that while he does not care to make a more definite charge against his wife he wonld like an or der of the court prohibiting the in discriminate use of the flat iron. He says that the aforesaid useful imple ment has on several occasions whirl ed through the domestic atmosphere of bis house with alarming force and such close proximity to his head as to be very snggestivc. Such is the fear ful tyranny ot a woman's will that unless he obeys an order instanter, if he hesitates a moment to reason about the matter, this offensive mis sile begins its gyrations, and skilled as he is in dodging, he can not hope to be always successful. Unwilling to fill a early grave he beseeches the court to drop a line to bis wife that there are husbands in the world who prefer to die of old age. He further admits that he knew before marriage that the lady's temper was rather stronger than a zephyr; but when he entered the married state he had no idea that he would as soon be struck, by a cyclone. JV. Y. Herald. Never marry a lawyer's daughter. She inherits the habit of cross-questioning from her father. Upon the same principal a man should never marry an editor's daughter, because she is almost certain to put a display head on him. An old man who had been badly hurt in a railway collision,, being ad vised to sue the company for dama ges, said.- -'Wa'al, no; not for dam ages. I've had enough of them. I've had enough of them. Bat I'll just sue 'em for repairs.