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About The Corvallis gazette. (Corvallis, Or.) 1862-1899 | View Entire Issue (Dec. 29, 1882)
FRIDAY MORNING, DEC. 29, 1882.
Ill M'f r( 10 A "L' D ma-y fooni on n'e M
iHiO A iii Jjll Geo. P. Bo-yell ft Co.'s
Newspaper Advertising Bureau (14 Spruce street),
where advertising contracts may be made for it in
Mew York, at not lass than our regular ad. rat is.
Short announcement of deaths published free.
When accompanied by an extended notice or reso
lutions five cent per line will be charged. All poetry
published by request will be chargec for at the rate
at five cents per liue.
Genuine pebble spectacles and eye glasses
. or sale at P. P. Greffoa.
Panel pictures, chromos, oil paintings in
large variety at Philip Weber's.
A fine variety of holliday goods just re
ceived at P. P. Greffoz.
If you wane decorative furniture to beau
tify your houses, go to Weber's.
A fine selection of goods at W. C. Craw
ford's suitable for the holiday trade.
We are requested by Nick Baesento here
by notify all persons indebted to him to
come forward and settle up without any
A sample of job printing just received
executed by D. C. Ireland & Co. hook and
job pinters of 118 Front St., Portland, Ore
gon. It i bill head printed for" Frank &
Co., painters of that place, and is in at least
four different collors requiring as many dif
ferent impressions to complete it. On one
side of it is a large square with blue back
ground representing Booster rock and the
surroundings. It is certainly a fine speci
men of work.
A Christmas tree was held at Indepen
dence in the hall at that place. Many cost
ly presents were upon it and a large crowd
in attendance, A variety entertainment
was part of the programme.
The river on last Saturday and Sunday
was again threatening to be very high but
a, frost on Sunday night started the water
to falling very rapidly,
i Vicks Flozal Guide for 1883 has again
come to hand. Although the founder of
this great enterprise during the year just
closing passed away but the business is be
ing continued by his four sons who survive
him. The present work bears the apper
ance of the same energy and workmanship
as former edditions.
Marion L. Starr started the first of the
week to his home near Spokane W. T. He
ajmach pleased with hit new hom e.
The latest improved sewing machine
not to beat. Also guns, revolvers, ammu
nition, fishing takels etc., etc., at G. Hodcs'
gun store, at bedrock price.
We keep constantly on hand at this office
a large lot and variety of at-tienery letter
heads, bill tieads, envelopes, and papers of
different kinds which we furnish at the
lowest possible prices.
Mr. R. A Belknap, of this county, was
in town last Friday to meet his daughter
who arrived on the cars from Spokane W.
T., to visit with her parents during the win
Mr. Joseph Emerick last week sold his
boms near town and his place in the hills
and intends to go oast of the mountains to
try the bunch grass country.
A number of rafflers on Christmas evening
attracted the attention of many of our citi
zens, and caused considerable excitement
and fun. Some of the prizes were quite
The Clackamas paper mill near Oregon
City came near burning recently on account
of the late high water getting so high as to
Wet a barrel of lime which soon developed
into a fire. It was extinguished after dam
age of five or six hundred dollars only.
Mr. John Spinglaf, of Independence
who worked for many years upon the States
Bights Democrat for Mart Brown, and who
also assisted npon Gazette for a time, came
tap on the train last Tuesday and remained a
On last Monday afternoon the families of
Mr. West, Mr. Woodruf and Drury Davis,
assembled at the residence of George Mer
cur about six miles southwest of town where
they enjoyed a Christmas tree which had
been prepared oy them to please their little
folks. They all had a good time and did
not have to travel a long distance through
mud and storm to enjoy it.
The dance given at Bryant's, the other
side of the Summit, on Christmas night was
an enjoyable affair and the attendance was
If you want bargains in merchandise go to
A J. Langw.irti.ys cash store Corvallis,
opposite the ferry.
About the 15th of January, Lieutenant
Fred Schwatka II. S. A., will lecture on his
Arctic exploration in the Evangelical church
in this city.
The pulpit of the Evangelical church of
this city will be occupied by Rev. Mr. Han
na next Sunday morning.
Mrs. J. R. Bryson was taken quite sick
on Christmas day and has been confined to
her house ever since in conseq uence thereof.
At last accounts she was improving.
F. H. Sawtell wishes to announce that on
the 1st day of January, 1883, be takes the
agency of the Daily Ofegonian and will be
. prepared to deliver the same to parties at
their place of residence or business at 25c.
per week. And in addition the Sunday
Oregonian a 56 column paper free of charge
will be delivered on Mondays with the regu
Jar daily issue. He will also take sub
script ion for the Weekly Oregonian and all
the principal papery and magazines in the
We have a few extra copies of the Ga
zette containing the report of the Benton
county teachers institute which parties de
siring them can get by applying soon.
Parties desiring to borrow from' the school
fund will have no extra expenses to pay
except the usual fee for making and record
ing the morgage and a reasonable compensa
tion only for the time actually employed'
in searching the records and making ab
stract of title. These expenses the act of
the legislature under which the funds are
loned requires sueb to be -paid by the
Two Persons Perish la the- Flames A Third
Seriously If not Fatally Injured.
We are indebted to Mr. W. C. Wood
cock, of Monroe precinct, for the following
very sad piece of news: The accident hap
pened at David Inman's saw mill, situated
about tea miles west of Monroe, on a branch
of the Alssa. Our informant writes that
at the mill was a building used for the mill
hands to sleep ic; and about eleven o'clock
last Saturday night the buildinr eaught fire
while four men were sleeping in it. One of
the occupants, Mr. Holgate, was atrakened
and as soon as he could take his trunk out
of the burning building, he rushed back and
found one of the other mem, a Mr. ohepard,
standing at the foot of his bed and Mr.
Holgate helped him out of the building.
The other two men wefe in other and diff
erent rooms from where Mr. HoJgat and
and Shepard had been sleeping. By this
time Mr. Inman and several other persons
arrived, but the building was so far envel
oped in flames that they could not get into
the building and the two remaining men
were burned to death. The names of the
two that perished were Blake and Frank
Leonard. Mr. Shepard at one time, it is
said, worked for Mr. G. B. Smith and it is
thought doubtful whether he will recover
from the injuries received.
Photograph albums at Buford's.
The largest assortment of folding chairs
and folding patent rockers at Philip
Autograph albums at Buford's.
Taxes, Loos Out for Costs.
Mr. W. H. Lesh dep?ty marshal of this
city requests us to inform the public that
the delinquent tax roll of the city must be
returned before the first day of January
according to law, and all persons who desire
to save such expense will please call and
pay before that time at the Starr bakery
where the roll can be found.
Fine selection of tea sets at Buford's.
Brackets, flower stands, work stands,
comb cases, wall pockets, at Weber's store.
W. C. Crawford has the largest stock of
silver plated wire in the city; also a large
and well selected stock of fine watches and
jewelry of all kinds. Prices to suit the
We can furnish at this office, to any per
son desiring a thorough business education,
a certificate for a scholarship in the Colum
bia business college Of Portland, Oregon
which will entitle the purchaser to a thor
ough course of instruction at this school.
Fire; Fire; Fire-Water.
Mr. Frederick L. Draper, of Monroe, in-
formes us that T. D. Hinton "Sen. is now
very low with erysipelas rendering the pros.
pects of his recovery very doubtful. In re
gard to the burning of the building at In-
mans' mill an account of which recorded in
another column. He states that Frank
Leonard, one of the men who was burned to
death last Saturday came to Monroe on last
Saturday and procured a gallon of whiskey
and returned to the mill with it in the eve
ning before the fire occurod. Other reports
states that the parties in the burned build
ing were gloriously drunk having been on a
Christmas spree until a late hour; except
Mr. Holgate who was sober and who
W53 first wakened by the fire. Our inform
ant winds up his letter by stating that ' 'this
is another temperance item."
Dolls of any style at Buford's.
De yeu want picture frames made to or
der T Go to Philip Weber he has a large as
sortment of mouldings.
MOTLEY On Wednesday, Dec. 27th. 1882
near Corvalks, of lung fever, Rudolph
Victor Motley, aged 7 years.
Khristkingle unloaded at Buford's.
Gene. J News.
Mr. G. Stoltz, a gentleman of Salem, has
rigged up institution for the manufacture of
fruit into apple butter, cider vinegar, pick
les, etc., an -3 has succeeded in making quite
a business of it. The boiler exploded last
Friday morning tearing its way out through
the upper story of the building. No one
was hurt except a Chinaman who was at
tending the engine.
Late San. Francisco charters ste thirty-
five shillings to U. K.
A $7,000 tire at Seattle last Saturday,
burned the North Pacific brewery.
A Jacksonville farmer raised cane enough
on one acre of land to make 270 gallons of
Fred Wilken, a German carpenter of Port
land, fell from a building corner Front and
Clay streets, last Thursday, and was in
Hansen Bros, are putting up a sash fac
tory 50x80 feet near Kinney's cannery, necr
Astoria which will be ready for business
about the 1st of next February.
' The New Jersey men whtf have bought
th tract of land near Ilwaco. for the culture
of the cranberry, evince their faith in the
enterprise by putting up $30,000.
Ihe new ship Henry Falling, 145 days
from Philadelphia, passed Port Townsend
last Tuesday with 2,633 tens of railroad
material to be discharged at Now Tacoma
Nick Baesen, proprietor of tire
Palace and St. Ilc las mar
kets, takes this opportunity to
inform the public that he has
not sold out any of his interest
in the business, but he wants
all those indebted1 to him to
call just the same as if he had
jold, and pay up immediately
what they owe him. A word to
she wise is snfflcfent to warn
them, so that they will save
trouble and cost.
Cars Off Track.
An accident occurred last Monday to the
north bound freight train on the east side
railroafi about six miles north of Albany.
Five loaded fears by reason of a defective or
loose rail left the track and were ditched,
demolishing three box ears and damaging
the other two. The freight, which consis
ted of wheat and flour in sacks, was not
damaged to any great extent. There was
no injury to person. The engine and two
oars passed over in safety and the five ears
following wars thrown off. Through ps
seuger trains north and south transferred at
the wreck. The evening train arrived at
Portland an hour late. -
Yaquina Say Items.
Al. Pygall returned home last Wednesday
morning at the hour of three o'clock from
Newport where he had been to visit his
sick sister, Mrs. Geo. Stevens. She has
been confined to her bed for several months
from the effects of inflamatory rheumatism.
When he left on Tuesday she was a little
Nothing has been found or heard of the
three men who recently drowned while
crossing the bay from the government works
The water was so high recently at Elk
City that it stood three or four feet deep on
the floor at Marsh Simpson's.
Business at Newport is said to be good
and money more plenty than flour.
Flour is extremely scarce on the bay,
some of the inhabitants are very short of it
occasioned by the two schooners having
laid in Baker bay for some time awaiting
the coming of better weather.
The schooners loaded with provisions are
expected in soon.
The government tug is going to be taken
around to Portland as soon as the weather
will permit her being taken out over the
bar as she is considered of no particular use
on the government work at Newport until
better weather in the spring.
The steam launch "Mary Hall" is started
up and will again make regular trips on the
bay under command of a new captain.
E. A. Abby is captain of the steamer
B enton and is making her a grand success.
The roads between Here ana the bay are
so muddy that they are the next thing to
impassible. They are so badly damaged
torn up and washed away that it seems to
be nearly impossible to get the mails out
to and from there on any thing like time.
Everybody traveling that road complain of
its bad condition.
TEACHEKS' tJJSl'lTUTE. ""
greatest person that ever lived. The teach
er's desk must
which we live.
be in sight of the times in
The headlights must be out
to keep the cars of Practice along the track
of Right Method.
Mr. Joseph Bryan introduced "Methods
of teaching fractions. He favored the au
dience with many interesting points con
cerning various fractions.
E. A. Milner: How would yon teach
compound fractions to beginners? Say re
duce one-third of one-fourth of one half.
Mr. Bryan explained by a blackboard
J. B. Horner: I would divide an apple
into two equal parts. The student sees each
part is a half. Then subdivide that half
into four equal parte he sees that each
part is a fourth of that half; but to enable
him to understand the relation that exists
between the one-fourth of the half of the
apple, I subdivide the other half, when the
apple is divided into e'ght equal parts and
the pupil sees that each part is one-eighth.
Then by a blackboard exercise perform the
work. So on with one-third of each of
these parte. Result one-twenty-fourth.
Methods of teaching Grammar, by A. F.
Hershner. There is not one in five hundred
who make no mistakes in speaking not
one in a thousand who uses no slang phras
es. Need less technical grammar, but more
practical grammar. Oral lessons should
precede the text book. Hurried pupils
become bewildered. Pupils should be re
quired to make Sentences of their own. By
care the current of good grammar would
in a few years sweep away error. Students
in third and fourth readers should recite
oral lessons during the year preceding
grammar. Then the student is ready to
study the text book. His fund of informa
tion will enable him to comprehend the
subject. Most pupil j should study English
grammar three or four years.
Importance of book-keeping. Methods ot
teaching it by J. B. Horner. Everyone
should possess a history of his own business
transactions. Bookkeeping as a business is
an honorable one. Recommended the intro
duction of bookkeeping in all public schools.
Some methods were then presented.
Pres. Walker, oi Philomath, college, in
troduced the "Auxi'iary Verb." The stu
dent ought to be taught that the auxiliary
verb is not used to darken the expression,
but to give light and strength to it. The
snglish language is destined to be the "one
language spoken on this planet. Take the
sentence, I read.
I I V read
Eeal Estate Agency.
I have some very desirable property on the Bay for
sale in lots from 10 to 237 acres. Some of this is
near the O P. R. E. terminus. Persons wishing to
invest will do well to call on me when prices are rea
sonable. Address with stamps to pre pay postage,
B, A BBfSltt
Newport-Benton County Or.,
Proceedings of the Eighth Annual Session
of the Teachers of Benton County -
On Tuesday, December the 26th inst. the
Institute convened in the chapel of the
State Agricultural College.
Supt. E. A. Milner opened the Institute
with an address on the "Condition of
schools in Benton County." He called at
tention to the vast amount of work per
formed by the executive committee, viz:
preliminary arrangements, correspondence
with teachers, preparing and drilling for th
entertainment to meet expenses, etc. He
presented the methods of teaching different
subjects by teachers. We present one
illustration, as the entire ground gone ovoi
by the gentleman would be very lengthy.
The subject of reading. Many teachers
assign the lessons in regular rotation, others
assign lessons to suit the subject under dis
cussion. AH' teachers (with one or two ex
ceptions) give the entire lesson, consisting
of 6 or 6 stanzas for one reidiag. These
methods, he was opposed to. He presented
his method of teaching reading. Begin with
the pupils in the first reader; teach them to
pronounce the vowels properly; the words
the and a particularly. In the second reader,
the ducritical marks are introduced to the
learner; the careful teacher will drill his
pupils until each has a fair knowledge of the
vowel sounds and the marks. In the third
reader the consonont marks are introduced
and the vowel sounds continued. If pupils
are taught properly through this book, the
foundation for a correct pronunciation is
laid indellibly on the mind of pupils, that
will remain as long as life. The 4th and 5th
readers are but a continuation of the work
of th preceeding books. Method of assign
ing lessons: Never give more than two
stanzas; read it for the pupils; explain the
meaning of what is to be read; select some
style as the collqgaial, and drill on it for a
month, or until pupils have a fair concep
tion of the style, then select some other
aid proceed similarly. ' After going over
the different styles, then pupils are prepared
to learn the definitions of emphasis, sylla
bication, articulation, to study about voise
culture, etc. , as presented in the first pages
of the reader. Ihe pupils appreciate what
they are learning. They have had the
practical drill, now they are studying the
the theory. In mathematics we demon
strate principles, and make the application
of them when needed. My experience in
teaching reading is a reversion of this prin
ciple. He congratulates the teachers and
citizens of Corvallis on the feast in store for
Mies Abbie Wright read an excellent pa
per on the "Expression of Thought." It
showed careful preparation and was well
W. H. Holman showed methods of teach
ing mental arithmetic, which he called the
geometry of the common schools. All reason
is, comparison; the unit is the basis of cal
culation. He entered into a very lengthy
discussion and treatment of fractions. The
entire institute participated in the discus
sion. Prof. Sheak, of Philomath college, intro
duced! Botany in a -very attractive manner!
By frequent nse of the blackboard he exhib
ited a breat familiarity with the text book.'
After dividing the vegetable kingdom into
the two divisions flowering and flowerless
plants he subdivided these departments
into various departments. Delving into the
truths of geology, hie' proved that the first
plants' were comprehensive types. Such as
sea weeds that plants became more import
ant gradually until the close of the Carbon
iferous age. The animal kingdom gradually
improved also as ages rolled on each
period witnessed vast improvements the
same may be said of the mineral kingdom',
Mrs. Belle Horner read an essay, subject:
"The Teacher's Mission." As the Christian
church looks on Christ for a perfect pattern,
go the schools look on the teaenw Bis the
Prof. Hawthorne, of the State Agricul
tural college. I may read, indicates future
time, but no one shosld o call it, as it is
in the present tense. Yet I am not reading.
Present tense but not present time. We
compromise probability and call it poten
tial; can means know. We say love: 1
loved. That is as far as we can go without
adding another word the auxiliary, In the
original languages there is one form for each
tense. In the English language' there is
only one form of the verb for all the tenses.
To make distinctions in completion, c
tinuance or time we use the same verb and
indicate the same by the assistance of an
other word which we call the helping word,
or auxiliary verb.
Wc should learn good language in the
beginning. One may learn text books, but
years afterward he will become excited . and
say what he learned from his mother. If he
learned "Yon bet," he will say "You bet.
Language in. the book differs from collogial
language. It is like notes in the book an
immitation of the human voice, Our sjrain
mars are good, but we cannot make perfect
gramarians. In the expression, I can read,
"read is not very much ot a verb, can
means am able; I am able to read, then
read is a verbal noun. Grammar is life
study. Grammarians make no rules, they
put the language as they find it. Various
forms require especial study. Correct
language is a habit. The whole man all the
way through is a habit.
Rev. J. R. N. Bell: Everybody is his pwn
grammarian. Criticised the lack of interest
manifested by the teachers. Get up a little
enthusiasm. Enthusiasm never killed any
body. If you cannot lead, drive. Yon may
force a child to keep quiet, out you cannot
make it learn. Education means "lead out.'
Lead the children out, to study and love to
study. Too many school houses too much
money spent in that way we do not appre
ciate it as others who have never had these
opportunities and will outstrip lis. The
lightning flashed several times during these
Prof. Wlker: To "6each length, allow the
student to draw a line one inch long, anoth
er one a foot long. If the entire class do
this, you can see the different ideas they
have of length. Allow them to weigh
brick or other substances to give them an
idea of weight.
Mrs. Dennick related! an interesting anec
dote concerning thoroughness review every
Friday Fams object lessons.
Dr. J. R. Bailey: Parents can instil
more incentives to study in tbelf children
than auy Professor. There is not a teache;
in this Institute that cannot point out every
student who receives such a' stimulus at
home. The Doctor, after striking terror in
to the hearts of his audience was applauded.
Rev. J. R. N. Bell seconded the motion
and emphacised 3r. Bailey's remarks.
Supt. Milner: The best incentive to
study is a love to study.
rror. waiter gave reasons way the ex
pression "Warming by somebody's else
(not else's) fire" is' correct:
frot. Hawthorne on the other hand gave
reasons why ' 'Warming by somebody else'
fire" is correct.'
Prof. Noftsger asked wheather the gram
mer or ordinary nsage is to be taken as the
Profs. Walker and Milner then analyzed
In the absence of Hon. J,- E. Bryson
the Rev. J. R. N. Bell delivered the address
of welcome at the evening session. Impress
ing a man to make an impromptu speeches
vt a rapid way of domg business. But this
is the nineteenth" century. Teachers' are
free to the city's keys calaboose. We
don't want a meeting to adjourn itself.
Friends are invited to take part in this In
itstate, Ufc ideas your get here are public
prosperity. Take them home and use them,
Then we may hope , that this Institute
may greatly benefit this county. This takes
the place of a normal school to prepare us to
Mr. M. L. Noftsger, of Philomath, re
sponded: Question, why are we here?
These -Institutes in onr popular country are
necessary. They are needtul to make ns
good intelligent teachers. If the end that
this country may prosper, you must educate
the children properly. Educate them to be
Mohamedans and they will be Mohamedans.
Pres. B. L. Arn6ldt of the' Stats Agricul
tural college, lectured on the subject,
'English Grammar." The subject to be
treated under four heads.
1. What is English Grammar
2. Its relation to a course of study.
3. Its relation to scholarship.
A The methods of teaching it.
Of these points, the first order was dis
cussed time insufficient. The first ques
tion involves the definition of English
grammar. Observe that the definition does
uot call for a definition of an English gram
mar, but it demands the definition of Eng
lish grammar. English grammar is simply
the modes of linguistic expression used by
the whole English speaking people, as dis
tinguished both from localisms and front
An English grammar is simply any book
professing to give those modes of expression,
Hence language is not correct because it is
found in a book called the Standard, but it
is found in such a book because the whole
people use it. A localism is not bad because
it is not good language; but it is bad lan
guage because it has not been adopted by
the whole people or a large majority of
them. The lecture was full of good thought.
Pres. W. S. Walker, of PhUomath col
lege, introduced the subject The study of
Literature English literature" and English
grammar have not been divorced. Every
one should be interested in English litera
ture. On Christmas one will seek a poem
for a present for a friend, relying on the
judgment of another as to its worth, Eng
lish literature is exceedingly popular about
the fireside. You can read of even the fire
side discussion when stars, of the social
circle convene. Like accomplishments in
music, everyone can not become nerfect;
yet anyone who possesses average ability
can acquire such ability that will encourage
one everywhere. The history of literature
is a very interesting volume. The oldest
cience is astronomy. Men began to study
the stars before they studied the earth. De
votions to that Science were stimulated by
devotional ideas. Men worshiped the stars.
Identify the Biblical history of astronemy
the star of Bethlehem Teachers as teachers
and physicians as physicians have not writ
ten any classical works an English classic
is a book that is received by the most peo
ple with favor and without criticism.
Among the English speaking people in the
whole world the best literature is used. TtS
the making of books there is no end. The
first balads were Written about war. The
same may be said of all history you can
see what battle was fought, but you can not
tell what their character and their indua
tries were. First sword against sword
Imagery, in modern poetry is scarce com
pared, with ancient poetry. All read Illiad
and other similar books. Yet different
minds are produced. No one' criticised Job
until the English student, by the various
studies became developed. The first litera
ture written in England was concerning dia
turbances. A poor man with a harp on his
shoulder sang songs on the courts and his
songs came down to us as literature. Chou-
cor and other old writers are not understood
by readers of to-day, but these writings con
tain the very blood of subsequent English
writings. Bryant, Dickens and others are
on the crest of another period. The French
language has irfflue'need the English lan
guage, in tms way tne njigusn nas receiv
ed that French electrical touch. During
the French Revolution there- was a" great
deal of sifting done. The Germans have
not that amount of literature that the Eng
lish and French possess. The Germans are.
a cool, considerate, philosophical mind, well
adapted to the study of deep questions.
English criticism commends itself to the
mind of every American student. Let your
students write essays but keep them out of
poetry, until their education is complete.
Let them first write good strong English
sentences. The speaker then read some
extracts from Shelly with comments and
translations much to the edification of the
Mr. E. H. Bennett introduced "Interest,
Short Methods." Teaches interest by a six
per cent, method. Principle any principle
will double itself in two hundred months at
six per cent. Then take an aliquot part of
this amount. After you find this interest
divide this interest by six to find the inter
est at one per cent then' multiply this result
by eight to find the interest at eight ' per
Rev. J. R. N. Bell said teachers should
abandon all rules but the best one and cling
A. F. Hershner: My opinion is the arith
metic has too many rules.
Prof. Sheak: Have, student to give one
general rule and as a matter of deduction
allow them to learn the other methods.
Prof. it. L. Noftsger; "School Govern
Went." A school is in order when every-
Lthing concerning the school is in harmony
with the end for which the school was in
stituted. The teacher must take care that
he be in order himself Favors impression
rather than repression must teach gov
ernment by his own example. Fifty years
ago teachers controlled the school as a' prison
keeper by force; Cain compel submission
but not 'study. A teacher only succeeds
when he secures a willing interest co
operation of directors and patrons is indis
pensable. Parents hastily speaking some
times say some things that prove to be very
damaging to their own school. So long
a people retain their teacher, let them give
him their heatty Sympathy; and when he
proves unworthy let them dismiss him
To obtain promptness, the teacher must be
on time At the very minute. When the
teacher gets out of order, the school will
get out of order. The teacher cannot leave
his school in session and still retain the
order ar ii he were present, "James" t-4-
Let patience have her perfect work. If any
one in the world should be patient it is the
teacher. An on nee of prevent is worth a ton
of cure. Prevent the children from doing
wrong. Let the teacher make this his
stndy even if he must lie awake during
nights. It is common for people.to look on
teaching as a kind of noble no kind of busi
ness; but I am glad that the tendency ia
upwards. Whitd are the instructions of this
day, (roing to do with this country, the
grandest country the sun of .heaven ever
shone upon. If one must rranish. the
punishment should suggest the nature of
the offence. There is not, on this globe
one perfect teacher. A bad boy is but a
good car off the track; put mm on the track
again. Recommends retaining students in
the room for tardiness. Compulsion must
be a last resort. The teacher should read
the best methods that are presented by the
best teachers. Teach morality, but not
sectarianism ill the echool room1. Educa
tion is not necessary to our happiness but it
is a moans to it. Every teacher must be"
firm and kind. School work must be well
done. Cannot ihe patrons once in a while
say 'Well done thou good and laithful
patrons." This will encourage the teacher
and he will be stimulated to better work.
Teachers must possess decision and allow
the hatchet to strike when it may, but this
must be done in kindessV
Supt. Rigler, of Polk couuty: "Methods
of teaching Composition" Little or nothing
a being done in great portions of our coun.
try to advance students in grammar. Let
the child write on the first day it comos to
school Favor the use of child's speller.
Have them copy pay especial attention 6'
the orthography, capitals and points. They
thus learn the rules of punctuation as a
printer learns ihe rules of composition.
Composition is furnishing thought in lang
uage. The object of the whole curriculum
is to furnish thought for language. Then
teach them form of writing or closing a let
ter. For students in fourth or fifth readers.
give out a sentence such as "Just then the
axle broke;" Then allow them to tell what
then happened. Thus they draw oil their
iimnagination.- After they have written
what they can I then carefully correct the
errors in composition. Readiness in speak
ing and writing fifty be acquired in this
way. For more advanced students, recom
mends Hart's Rhetoric or Sumton't Com
position. Allow students to carefully ana
lyze a stanza in poetry; afterwards write the
same in prose.
Prof. Walker Recommends condensing
expressions as telegrams.
Supt. Milner: Composition and other very
necessary subjects are excluded from the
teacher's examination. This is very un
fortunate. Introduce letter writing a light
or ten years of age. Pay especial AMRktion
to capitals. Then teaeh them to Write short
sentences and the se of the period; then
the use of a comma is taught. Allow them
merely to acquire the practical part in pub
lic school and learn the theoretical part in
Mr. Childers said "Brevity is the soul of
wit. Allow student to nse his own lang
uage to express his1 own thought in the
Prof. Emery favors methods of suggesting
thought. Throw a student on his own re
sources for thought.
Miss Spencer: Allow students to describe
some object they have seen such as bird,
A. F. Hershner: 1 read a short story and
let them write it from memory. Then I
M. Li. .Noftsger : liet children Write On
subjects they know the most about.
Mr. Ben Childers : Reading Is the most
difficult art taugl-t in school. Difficulty of
learning d, b, p, g, is learned only by prac
tice. I never say c-a-t spells cat; but rather
teach him the sound of the letters. Favored
the phonetic system. Have traveled from
Main to Mexico and outside of professional
elocutionists have seen not mors than six
good readers. Rules concerning the length
of untrue faulty as these vary iu different
pieces, islack board exercises indispensable.
Write sentences that were spoken on the
play ground as they were spoken there.
Prof. Hawthorne of the State Agricultural
college' lectured on' ' -Shall and Will." A
book is written on those two words their
different shades of meaning. Not necessary
for the teacher to teach, the difference peo
pie know it. Most of our mistakes are
simply blunders acquire the habit of using
these words correotly. The best way to
teach it is by epample. In order to indicate
the first perso'n, future tense use shall, shall
denotes futurity. Best not to have too
many rules in this matter singular, I shall
write; plural, we shall write. When we be
gin with will we complete that. Governing
sentences, I shall g to-morrow, I shall not.
We shall set out early. I shall be present.
Future tense of will; singular, thou wiQ
write and he will write; plural, you will
write, they will write. Will denotes de
termination. In explanation of this tense
confine the student's attention directly , to it.
In case you' have difficulty with would and
should come back to will and shall. I should
like to go is correct. Shall is oftener used
for will than will for shall. I would help
you if I could, is incorrect; it is not a prom
ise. Shall denotes a command; you shall
hear me out, denotes imperatively that the
person addressed is compelled to hear me
out. Yon will hear me out, leaves it dp
tional with the person addressed a mere
In the first person simply shall foretells;
in will a threat, or else a promise dwells.
Shall in the second and the third does threat;
Will simply, then, foretells the futare feat.
Prof. C. C. Hogue introduce "Object
Teaching." Christ was the greatest teacher
that ever lived. He taught by object les
sons. When he did not find an appropriate
object, to compare with, he retold some true
story. Our best teachers are those who
most nearly follow him in this respect. If
von teach grammar to a child without his
knowing it the mote" will he be benefited.
He asked the Institute to describe a. stove
pfoe. After many amusing efforts, it was
defined as a hollow cylinder. What color is
the end of the school room. Answer: white
Objected to as white"" is Hot a' color. The
shape of the end of the school room was at'
first called a rectangle. Owing to the per
spective, the definition was objected to, and
the word trapezoid substituted. Bjr carry
ing out this thought, the teacher may flhsw-'
trate perspective so necessary in paintings
A half dollar was introduced anddefraed
a disc in shape. The various pecnliarltiesf
f&sl beloved coin were mentioned ana"
reasons for them Were3 grven. The reason?
for the "fiilS" edge is to prevent cllppinsf
it for various purposes. Object , teaching id
gradually growing in favor with' the bestf
teachers on this globe, ... .
Prof. Emery, State Asrfcultofal CJollegai
Subject, ''Mental Growth and method tof
accomplish it." The perfection of auy mindf
depends on its full development of all its?
faculties. God gave maif reason it da-"
pends upon himself to exercise these f acul- .
ties. Reasoning develops the mental facul
ties and the organs of thav body. The
amount digestion" ia the measure of ones de
velopment of faculties. Reading and listen
ing replenishes the memory but thinking
makes the mind strong. It is comparatively
of little importance how much we know-
it is of infinite importance what the power
of our mind is. Parents say, why teach my
boy what -Will be of no practical benefit iri
life ? It is the development of the mind
that the teacher is after this5 is trne eiiueaV
tion. a full development of the faculties.
The utterances of men depend as much upon'
the power hi which they are uttered, as they
do Upon the truth they have. Some men
have the power of the, thunder"' bolt, while;
others are as light is te; snow flake. -i
Plato and Aristottle never dreamed of thf
largo facts known by Sift school boys, bu
their brain power has never been equaled.
To be mentally and morally thriving?
men is better than to possess all of the facto
in the land. Do not crowd memorable facto
into the minds of ybnr pupils. It- ii rob'
bing a child of a treasure given by hie"
Symmetrical drillis the duty of every
teacher. How important of developing the
minds of potential energy. It ia i duty'
uone butmen?and women of tho purest
minds dare trifle with. We want no quackC
and imposters. A mind once ruined fa
ruined forever. "As the" twig is bent the.
tree is inclined,"
All of our efforts are to make mentality
to make men, men and women, women.
Mental energy, mental forge ia iKe" causer
of study. In life the mind is prepared t
work and depend upon its own research'
Wickersham of Penn. has published a .
work on the subject of mind training. te
olasses the study from the first easy lj ona'
for, the child, and gradually leads on
till he leaves the college or Hriiverslty pro-.
pared to cope with the powers and trials of
How important it is, we search as teach"
ers for the full da velopmeut of these powers.
How grand is our duty f Th"? mother firs
begins the mind training around the
hearthstone. The dutiful mother has pier
pared her child for the care' of the trn
If we want to ' do honest and faithful
work, we must make everything bend to this
point. None bat those who study about
the mind are fit to teach and develop those
potential energies of grandeur and glory.
Study your mental philosophy 11 , you dot
riot know anything about the grandest ele
ment of man, how dare you trifle with it
Prof. W, E. Yates, of the Oregon Normal
school: The term normal signified original
patron. It now signifies to show how to
teach. A person may be well educated yet
not a good teacher, may lack communica
tion of thought. One may to prepared with?
a rod and line yet lack the' skill to catch
his trout. Related a very interesting anec
dote concerning a Philadelphia baoArupt.
Cultivation in importing knowledge is moat
generally required." Law schools make
lawyers of their students; theological
schools, prepare students for the ministry f
the office of the normal school is to prepare
young teachers for important positions. A
young teacher should be a teacner
the first day he goes into the school. Ton
do not prefer to risk your business with a"
lawyer of little or no experience. How
much more important is the mind of i child.
One may thoroughly understand arithmetlo
yet not be able to conduct an aritnmetio
school. One method is better than any
other method the teacher should acquire
this method. At a normal school the stu
dent may take charge of one of the claastet
one day. JJ The other members of his grade
may observe and take notes'. In this way
the natural abilities of the teachers' are'
Dr. J. R. Baily "School Hygiene." Di
rectors should employ teachers who am
worthy of emulation in manners, education,'
etc. On account of . violating laws of health
the students break down. Parents are
partly accountable. School houses must be
built in accordance with the laws of health.
Ventilation necessary. Imparl gasses de
scend subjeet he devoted 3tudenf to' asphy
xia. Our national capital, which costs'
millions of dollars, has been pronounced un
healthy and unfit for occupation. This warn1
remedied by .proper ventilation. Carbonia'
acid settles, down. The rarified air arise'
and the pure air comes in. Thus there are
three motions of the air. In houses' where'
there are fire places there is no impure air'
as in rooms where thSre? are1 stoves. The:
Doctor gave a plan by4 which impure air may
be avoided. The reason that while in a'
house your body may be warm' your feet
are cold is because the impure air is down
where your feet are. In old time when the'
houses were not so "close" the children did
not thus suffer. When the body is suffer
ing the mind is partially inactive. Recom -mended
that the people make some improve-'
ments on the buildings of the State Agricul-'
tural College. You better put year money
in your children's heads as'dif yon care for
their bodies your money will be invested.
The people of this county pay enough?
money for extra doctor bills to build a col
lege. We run too many students through"
colleges; but do not run enough college'
through the student. Thoroughness all im-
portant, but health is essential.
Dr. J. R N. Bell, responded:" Tbe-peoi
pie who knowingly live in unhealthy booseaf
gradually commit a slow suicide for iWafchf
we are responsible. Recommended" thatf
the institute be held three days.'
After the adoption of several resolutions
whicn will be published next -seek, attar
remarks by Supt.' Milner, the tnstitas adjourned.-
f . ' . j0
3. B. HoF.ro, Seey-i