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About The Corvallis gazette. (Corvallis, Or.) 1862-1899 | View Entire Issue (Sept. 15, 1882)
PITTS' CHALLENGER THRESHERS,
FRIDAY MORNING, SEFi'. 15, 1882.
PVITH LATEST IMPROVEMENTS TO KEEP UP WITH THE TIMES)
M'Cormiek's Twine Binders,
GENUINE IMPROVED HEADERS,
CHAMPION AND MCORMICK
Sulky Hay Rakes, and a full stock of the best Havinsr and Harvestinc
Tools, WITH A FULL LINE OF ALL EXTRAS FOR THE MA
CHINES WE SELL.
WOODCOCK & BALDWIN"
C. H. WHITNEY & CO.
Having recently located in Corvallis, we take pleasure in annovncing to
the trading public that we have just opened our Spring stock of
Boots and Shoes,
Hats and Caps.
ALSO A FULL LINE OF
Fancy Dress Goods,
The Dairy vs. Oleomargarine.
lhe loirowing bill has been intro
duced in Congress which we trust
will he considered favorably and
passed at the earliest possible mo
ment. The bill provides for the
stamping the name on all oleomar
ine American aairy is hardly a
third of a century old. Starting in
the eastern counties ot New York
it raised people and land from pover
ty to thrift, until the industry now
embraces almost the entire area of
New York, much of New England
Pennsylvania, and Ohio, Southern
Michigan and Wisconsin, Northern
Indiana and Illinois, Northern Mis
souri, Iowa, Minnesota, Nebraska,
Northern Kansas, Colorado, and
California, with parts of Dakota,
Wyoming and Washington Terri
tories. It is the great national industry.
The money value of its annual
product is greater than the wheat
crop, more than corn, more than
Our stock has been selected with the greatest care, and for quality and
cheapness is second to none. Having a resident buyer in the leading markets
we are enabled to purchase latest style goods at lowest prices. Call and ex
amine -our stock before purchasing, and save from
lO to SO
ON PURCHASES BY DEALING AT OUR
ONE PRICE STORE
C.H. WHITNEY & CO
E. R. MERRIMAN,
AGENT FOR THE WORLD-LENOWNED
DECKER BROTHERS PIANOS,
Acknowledge now to be the best by all musicians, ami used by the celebrated
queen of players-Julie Hive-King in preference to all others.
J. & C. FISCHEE'S PIANO,
The leading and best second-class Piano on the market.
Old and Established Standard Mason & Hamlin Organ
or "iiSd? SSS?SS2ZS2J?!5&E2 &"23 instruments
. t rl-.F . .v uiv vuiimuj iramKntll(li
cotton and wool combined, reaching
to between four and six hundred
millions of dollars.
From five to eight millions of our
people are interested in the industry.
The capital invested in dairy lands,
cows, utensils, etc., is estimated to
each from $4,000,000,000 to $6,000,-
Once 100 pounds of butter to a
cow was a fair average. Aow from
250 to 300.
Onco tho grass upon the land,
worn out by overcropping with
grain, would hardly pay for cutting.
Now 3 tons to the acre is not an un
Butter and cheese are the only
commodity for exchange which
brings money to the dairying farmer.
Once, w ith butter at a shilling
pouna, ana tneese at 5 or 6 cents
Heavy mortgages tor the purchase
money of the land, the fa.mers were
impoverished and their families with
out education or home comforts.
The extraordinary demand created
by the war brought remunerative
p rices. Debts were paid, the land
1 ,1 j a . . i
uiiouruwea ana me aairy larmers
became the first yeomanry the world
In 1869 a Frenchman by the name
of Mege Mouries, took out a patent
in England for making butter from
In 181S, one Paaf (another chem
ist) patented the process in this coun
try, and organized a large company
m ths city ot New York, known a
Oleomargarine Manufacturing Com
Later on, in the same year, the
Mege Mouries patent was issued in
this country, by Mouries himself,
and reissued in the following vear
The points covered by the patent
First. Tho rendering of tie oil
from the fats at the low temperature
of 120 thereby avoiding the animal
or tallowy odor in the product which
would obtain with a higher decree
Second. Converting the oils, by
churning them with milk, into butter.
Tho components and process of
the manufacture are as follows:
The caul, omeutum, and all the
intestinal or offal fats of beeves are
purchased of butcher?, the average
amount being about 100 pounds to
the animal. They are then trimmed
from pieces of intestines and other
fleshy substances that adhere, which
are cartea away.
After washing in cold or tepid
water (and, of , course, without soap)
for the removal of any blood, dirt or
fecal matter, the fats arc put through
what is called a "hasher," by which
they are finely divided and reduced
into a pnltaceous or jelly-like mass,
then passed into a kettle, where they
are submitted to a heat 120 or less,
when, after various manipulations, it
is placed, in small quantities, be
tween cloths, in a large press, where
the oil is pressed out. From 100
pounds of the crude fats is obtained
about the iollowing products:
Soearine f8r candles n
butter. It is then churned at a tem
perature of 100 to 120 by steam
power in an upright barrel churn,
in the agitator making about 175 to
200 evolutions pel minute. The
time of churning is about 40 minutes.
In this way the oil and milk are
beaten into an emulsion. It is then
drawn oft" into a vat. partly filled
with ice, and fro7en into what ap
pears to be) from its color, beautiful
spring or june butter. After the
salting a product.for packing is se
cured amounting to 610 to 612
pounds, So there is no loss from
the making, but by the admixture of
100 pounds milk, and say, 30 pounds
6alt (cheap materials) there is a gain
on the oil (the only expensive article
used) of 100 to 112 pounds.
Formerly a small percentage, say
5 per cent, of butter was used to give
it a flavor. But when the cows are
well fed, the milk alone does that
now. the coloring, of course, is ad
ded, to make it resemble dairy but
ter. Midc in this way, it very close
ly resembles genuine dairy butter.
It smells and tastes like it. The
imitation is so much like the gen
uine in appearance and sensible qual
ities that it is impossible for any ex
cept the most skillful experts todis-
tinguish the difference,
IZctent of is manufacture Be
tween 1874 and 1878 its manufacture
made a little headway. But during the
past three years it has advanced
with alarming rapidity. One estab
lishment in the city of New York has
nine churns; 610 pounds is the pro
duct from a singie churn. Product
of 9 churns, 5,490 pounds in 40 min
utes 200,000 pounds per week
for year 10 400.00
uirter city lactones (es
Other New York States
factories about . 5 000,000
is asked to do what the States cannot
do, and that is to aid the consumer
to identify the imiialion by requir
ing the manufacturer to place upon
each package the stamp of the gov
ernment, and requiring the retail
dealer to sell from the stamped pack
age. Ihe competition is now unfair
ine imposition of this tax will tni
to equalize it.
Ihfi butter producing district of
our country, with a thiu, light, quick
son, ana never-tailing abundance of
water, and specially adapted to grass
and pasturage and the production of
the sweetest butter. Stock and
grain raising cannot be prosecuted
with profit. The people are intelli
gent ana thrifty. The world has
never seen a better middle class.
They ask that their business be pro
1 n H ( C r.rY.M.tf 1" ...3 m . .
agawn uniiu. J.IIIS IS the
first specific protection this import
ant industry has ever asked at the
hands of Congress. State and mun
icipal legislation have proved ineffec
tual for the purpose, and the taxing
nower of Congress is invoked.
Cf. T . -w- -
ot. mollis Journal of Agriculture and
Common tallow. . . .
The oil Is then ready to make into
Formula for making imitation
butter. Take of the oil 500 pounds;
take of milk just on the point of turn
ing 100 pounds; coloring matter
(compound of annatto) sufficient to
make the co'.or equal the best June
Or about one-fifth the total dairy
product of the State.
Loss to dairy interest each year is
variously estimated from 50 to $200,
Under the Mege Mouries patent
alone 15 large factories prior to the
spring of 1881 had been established
in or covering the cities of New
York, Boston, Philadelphia, Balti
more, Pittsburgh, Cincinnati, Saint
Louis, Chicago, Buffalo, Cleveland,
Albany, Louisville, Detroit, Omaha,
and San Francisco.
Possibilities for .its manufacture in
the city of New York alone:
Number of beeves killed per
Per year 520,000
Allowing 100 pounds offal fat per
hoed, from which 35 to 40 pounds of
"oleo" is extracted, which, by the
addition of such inexpensive mater
ials as milk and salt, increases the
manufactured product about 25 per
cent., the fair average yield of but
ter is about 45 pounds per head.
Multiply this by 520,000 and we
have 23,400,000 pounds. Allowiug
that one-flf'lh of the number are
slaughtered in New York City, we
have fonr-fif. lis to add to the above
product to represent tho possibilities
of the entire State production, mak
ing an agg vgate of 116,000,000 lbs
or oleomargarine butter. The entire
dairy bu t.-r product of the State for
1875 was 111,180,413 pounds.
The following extract from Apple-
ton's Annual Encyclopajdia for 1879,
and quoted in Commissioner Raum'i
letter to the committee, is also sub
n i . .. : i i
veuiimrjjariiie, wiiicn is now ex
tensively manufactured from animal
f& 1 . . r ...
mi, as a Buusmute ior Duller, is
dreaded as a vehicle for infecting the
human system with trichinae and
utner internal paras le?. I lie tat IS
not subjected to a higher temperature
than 120 Fahr. John Michels, a
New York chemist, states that the
refuse fat of one pork-packing estab
lishment is, to his knowledge, sent
to the artificial butter factories; and
Professor Church found in Oleomar
garine horse fat, fat from bones, and
waste fat, such as is ordinarily used
in making candles."
The degree of heat (120 Fahr)
jppnea in us manufacture is not
sufficient to kill trichinae or other
animalcula and parasite; and it is
feared that when the manufacture is
relieved from the scrutiny of legisla
tive investigation the fats from which
it is made will be selected with less
care and conscientiousness, and the
public will be not only defrauded but
exposed to disease and death.
It is said that oleomargarine fur
nishes a cheap article of food for the
poor in. lit u of the expensive article
of genuine dairy butter; but the poor
can least afford to pay tho price of
genuine butter for a cheap imitation;
and it is to protect the poor consum
er against this fraud that Congress
v Let trie hogs wallow. Make them
a wallowing place if they have none.
They ought to have a running stream
to wallow in; if the water is still it
soon becomes foul and most unwhole
some. But a hog can no more be
healthy than he can be happy with
out wallowing. He gets very hot
about the first of July. He is not, or
ought not to be, emaciated. He is
a short, thick heck, and his lungs are
not as large as they might be. He
cannot fan himself nor use an um
brella. His best way to cool off is
to get in a hole filled with
dilute mud. There, too, he
defiance to the flies. He coats a
hide with mud, in which the vermin
of his body (if ho has any) are con
fined, and when he scratches himself
against the trunk of a tree the ver
min are scratched off with the mud.
Bell's Messenger says of the Short
horns at the late show of tVe Royal
Agricultural Society: "It was a no
less hopeful sign to see the cattle
classes so well flrfed, and especially
pleased were we to find that the ap
pearance of the Shorthorn classes
furnished a most complete answer to
an assertion one often hears of late to
the effect that this particular breed
is losing ground. That they are i
as great ih mand as ever, was man
tested from the fact that there wri
several new names among the exhi
bitors and a most promising 6how of
TO THE SIH jll AFFLICTED!
Those Suffering from Debility,
Nervous Prostration, Loss of
Vitality, Sexual Infirmities,
rpiIE OREAT NEEP THOSE HAVE WHO ARE
A imB irom BEAUAL AND NERVOUS COM
PLAINTS S a physician who can comprehend their
'ii'Nuiii.i aim auccessiuiiy treat mein.
The general practitioner is not sufficiently skille
in these classes of troubles to ik so and it 'must b
leit to the SPECIALIST, who by education, Ion
practice, thorough knowledge and coniprehcuaiv
iiiiuu, is fircparcu to cure tncni.
DR. J. C. Y00H3
Opened his now celebrated Institute in 1850 for the
iturose am anoruing tne ainietecl the certainty of
honorable and skillful treatment and perfect and
permanent restoration, too for over ;)0 years it has
sustained the first rank not only upon this Coast but
throughout the civilized wrld.
I am aware that by dwelling upon so uninviting a
Muojcct as tne or aLAUAL 1UUK the
pionnt may asperse my motive, but
lit derire to inform those who arc snflft-r-
injr (Iirougru ignorance cr who by care-
'vne. or Muct 01 knovlediri: ta&t a tore
ran be bad, are not only burrylog them
selves lo an untimely grave, bat elvtae
sexuai weaancss as an inheritance to luture genera
tions, is too great-an incentive to permit ine to bo
IF YOU ARE SUFFERING FROM NIGHT LOSS
ES, NERVOUSNESS, WEAKNESSES, CONFUSION
r"MINI). SLIGHT LOSSES WHEN UNDER EX-
ClTr,i J'.NT, VARIABLE TEMPER. TREMBLING,
PALPITATION, FLUSHES, &c, OR IF YOU HAVE
PRACTICED SELF-ABUSE EVEN IN THE SLIGHT.
EST PARTICULAR you are suffering from the
Dread Enemy of Human Life,
And should not hesitate to seek at once health and
happiness in a cure.
CURES GUARANTEED. FEES MODERATE
UUXSULTATIUN UY LETTER OR OTHERWISE. -
It is not wealth, or fame, or state,
But "git up and srit" that mik mA
T HAVE JUST BEEN TO H a vruimi t .
thet n" tho8e "e"' a" hand-made harness,
where all work is warranted. i,Um
BAY VIEW HOUSE.
erday; i so
Per week 7 )0
Per aini'le mcala
P. M. ABBEY.
Exclusively Vegetable Bmcdles fted.
nu are especially liable to suffering from NERV
OUS PROSTRATION. All your peculiar complaints
are nervous in their origin and hence your sufferings
are terrihly depressing or inexpressibly keen. The
Doctor in his researches and nractice of NERVOUS
lKUUBLES has made your orgpnizatlcn a special
siuuy auu ia tints enaoiea irom nis experience ana
knowledge to aid and cure von in am- of the
I roubles. WeakneMfs. Distresses and Suf-
ierin?sto trhlih yon are liable.
CETlou will mid in the Hoi-tor a friend upon
whom you can rely for comfort, aid and cure.
wr. louns'g Female Keuiwi-es hs.10
attained a reputation for efficiency unequalled by
any iucuicuie or men leal prescription ever offered.
They can be sent by mail or exuress.
Those desiring personal care and attention can have
all necessary accommodations furnished.
Those who cannot visit the citv can bv e-ivino- their
symptoms in their own way. receive advice, and when
desired, treatment at home with every assurance of
LETTERS RETURNED OR DESTROYED.
DR. J. C. YOUNG,
ffo. 7 Stockton St.
San Francisco, Feb. 21, 1882.
MAIL STAGE LINE
CORVALLIS (o YAQUiMA BAY.
For EllCCitr. connectinn- with th M
Newport, leaving Elk City
Obtained, and all business in the U. S. Patent Office,
or in the Courts attended to for MODERATE PELS
e are opposite the V. S Tatent Office, diffused in
. " i-'jo (..wm'oitiiui, anu can OD-
tain patents in less time than thosa remote from
Whin model or drawing is sent we advise as to
paienuiuuiiy rree ot charce: and wo male vn
CHARGU UNLESS WE OBTAIN PATENT.
We reler, here, to tile Post Master, the Sunt of th
Money Order Uiv.. and to officials of the IT s pM.nt
umce. roreircuiar. aovicc. terms, and reference to
actual clients in your own state and county, address
O. A. SNOW & Co..
19,3 Opposite Patent Office. Washinirton. D. f!
Cor. Second and Monroe Sts.,
CORVALLIS, : OREGOil,
Keeps constantly on hand all kinds of
Coffins and. Caskets.
Work done to order on short notice and at
Corvallis, July 1, 1881. 19:27yl.
Stage Office at Vincent House, Corvallis.
lC-27n:3 BRINK & vright.
Main St., Coirallis, Oregon.
Scientists now all admit that most diseases ara
caused bv disordered Kidneys or liver, and that if
these great organs are kept in a perfect condition,
health will be the result. WARNER'S SAFE KID
NEY AND LIVER CURE
Is made from a Simplo Tropical Leaf
OF RARF. VALUE,
And is a POSITIVE Remedy for the following
Pain in the Bnck; SeTere Headaches
Dizziness Jtlontingr; Inflamed
Eyes; A Tired Feeling;
Pains In the Lower Part of the Body;
Palpitation of the Heart- .Tanndice;
(Jrayel; Painful Urination; Ma
larlal Ferer- Fever
And all diseases caused by the Kidneys, Liver or
urinary urffans oemg- out or order.
It is a SAFE and CERTAIN cure for all Female dif
ficulties, such as
Lcncorrhorn: TnflamtHlon of the Worcbt
failing or (he Womb; UecraUon
of (he Worab.
Itwilt control and refrulate Menstruation, and is an
excellent and safe remedy for lemaies during pregnancy.
As a Blood Purifier it is unequaled, for it cures the
organs mat :,ia k i-, tne Diooa. ror
' ; Carbuncles; Scrofula; White Swel
ling; Salt Rheum; Poisoning ty Her
euiy or any other Dr . g
It is certain in every case.
For Incontinence; Impotence; Palca In
the Loics, and all Simi
It is a safe, sure and ouick Cure.
ft is the only known reincdv that has cured namriTs
As a proof of the purity and worth of this Great
Natural Remedy, read the following
S. A. LATTIMORE. Ph. D., L. L. D.. Professor of
Chemistry in the University of Rochester, N. Y-,
knowing the popularity and merit of Warner's Safe
Kidney and Liver Cure, alter a thorouirh Chemical
Analysis, has furnished the following statement:
UNIVERSITY OF ROCHESTER,
ROCHESTER, N. Y., Jan. 8, 1S80.
Mr. H H. Warner has placed in mv possession the
formula of the medicine manufactured anil sold hi-
him under the general designation of WARNER S
SAFE KIDNEY AND LIVER CURE. I have inves
tigated his processes of manufacture, which are con
ducted with extreme care and accordine to the host
methods. I have also taken from his laboratory sam
ples of all the materials used in the preparation of
this medicine, and upon critical examination I find
them, as well as the medicine into which they enter
to be entirely free from poisonous or deleterious sub
stances. S. A- LATTIMORE.
This Remedy which has done such wonders, i nnt
up in the LARGEST SIZED BOTTLE of any medi
cine uiron the Market, and is sold by Druggists and
all dealers at $1.25 per bottle. For Diabetes enquire
for WARNER'S SAFE DIABETES CURE. It is a
WARNER & CO.
Rochester N. Y.
(ism, Nenralcla, and oil Chronic
Nii'i .envns uiiiffni'm, rrcparea oy
DRS. 8TARKEY A PALEN, Philadelphia,;
Pa. Package contains all direc. ions, and is
easily sent by express, ready for USE AT
HOME. H. E. MATHEWS. Forwarding
Agent, 600 Montgomery street, San Fr.-.r-cisco,
C.-iL 49" Send for Free Pamphlets. ,
OWNING ROTH BARNS I AM PREPARED" TO
offer suncrior accommodations in the I.iverv lln
Always ready for a driye,
At Low Rates.
MY stables are first-cla-is in every resoect, aatf aau
petent and obliging hostlers alwar;
rea y to serve the public,
R"Af 3HABLE CHARGES FOR HIRE.
Prtlcnlar Attention Paid to Boarding
ELEGANT HEARSE, CA1 RIAGE3 AND HACKS
We continue to act as Solicitors for Patents-. Caveats,
Trade Marks, Copyrights, etc., for the United State.
Canada, Cuba, England, France, Germany, etc. WO
bave had thirty-live years' experience.
Patentsobtoined through us are noticed In theflcr
Intifio American. This large and' splendid Illus
trated week 1 y paper, $ 3 .20 a year.shows the Progress
ol Science, Is very Interesting, and has an enormous
circulation. Address MUNN & CO, Patent Sollcfa
tors. Pub's. Of SCIENTIFIC AMERICA. S81 li wny,
WewYorfc. Hand boot about Patents free. 9
WE KEEP IN STOCK
THE LARGEST VARIETY OF
OOOD3 IN THE U. S. AND CAN SELL
fYOU ANY ARTICLE FOR PERSONAL OR FAMILY I
USE. IN ANY QUANTITY AT WHOLESALE PRK3E.
WHATEVER YOU WANT SEND FOR OUR CATA
LOGUE (FREE) ANO YOU WILL FIND IT THtsa
MONTGOMERY WARD & uu.
227 & 228 WABASH AVENUE, CHIdAMW.
I a week irt your own, town. Terms and $5 outfit
I frcA Address H. BalleM k Co., PertlanA, Ms
H y .