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About The Corvallis gazette. (Corvallis, Or.) 1862-1899 | View This Issue
OFFICIAL PAPER OF TKE STATE
OFFICIAL PAPER FOR BENTON COUNTY I
Corvaliis, May 9, 1879,
W. B. CARTER,
THE SCHGCLJjQCK MUODLE.
At this writing it is difficult to tell
just bow this school book question,
in Oregon stands. To say the least,
a misunderstanding seems to exist
between the State authorities and
Messrs. Bancrolt & Co., publishers
of the Pacific Coast TSeries, which
has been almost universally condemn
ed by prominent teachers in this
State, and we might add by ail
iriends of education, except, perhaps,
a few interested parties. The Pacific
Coast Series was thrust upon the
public schools of this State by fraud
ulent means, and never gave satisfac tion
in any school district, that we are
aware of. The publishers, realizing!
the worthlessness of the series, were !
compelled to issue a new series for !
California, but continued to crowd
their refuse trash upon the public j
schools of Oregon, under an alleged
State Superintendent Powell holds !
the opinion that theft; is no contract, j
and acting upon authority derived
from action of the last legislature,
issued circulars to county superin
tendents, with a view of making a
change in the so-called standard
books of this State. We have not
sufficient data to condemn or approve
Mr. Powell's course, in this matter,
but are clearly of the opinion that
some relief should be extended to
the suffering educational interests of
Bancroft & Co., realizing the ,
worthlessness of their Pacific Coast j
Series, and seeing that a " golden j
opportunity " was about to slip from J
their grasp, have flooded our State i
with a sixteen page pamphlet, enti
tled, "The Pacific Coast Series of
Readers a Full statement by the
Publishers," which are addressed to
County- Superintendents of schools.
Mr. R. C. Corbaley, agent of the pub
lishers, olaced one of these in oui
hands, last Sabbath. We have had
only time to give the same a cursory
In this they make a new proposi
tion, and agree to introduce their
"new series," which they claim is far
superior to the old, in many respects,
by making an even exchange to child- j
ren holding the old ones, by giving
new books in their stead thus mak
ing the change from old to new, with
out additional expense to pupils.
This seem fair enough, but why was
this change not proposed, when the
new, or second, alleged, contract
went into operation ? It is a little
peculiar that this school book mono
ply company, from another State,
should become so much interested in
the poor children of this Slate, so
suddenly. Of course it would take
thousands of dollars to make an ex
change for the -Appleton, or any
other series;" but if we secured a
cheaper and better book, no one
would regret the change.
We have no disposition to do
Messrs. Bancroft & Co., or any other
parties injustice. What we have
heretofore written, in the Gazette,
has-been with reference to the old
Pacific Coast Series we have never
seen the new. We have nothing to
retract, however, regarding the fraud
by which they were palmed upon the
district schools of this; State, and
their inferior quality. If the new
series is air improvement upon the
old. as claimed, we have no sort of
objection to their coming in compe
tition with other publishers. Let this
school book question stand or fall,
upon the merits of the books, by
fairly and honestly obtained expres
sion of the county superintendents of
this State, or those having charge of
the matter, and- we are content.
En. Gazette: The Astorian says
the loss of the Great Republic is an
other reason for making the .mouth
of the Columbia a marine asylum.
Br. Ireland, usually "sound on the
goose," had better said this disaster
showed the necessity of an asylum
for foolhardy men. Had Capt. Car
rol remained outside of the bar until
daylight, his vessel would have been
running to-day, and he would have
been free from t iie unavoidable charge
of extreme recklessness. None can
help but admire the Captain's cour
age, during the last days of the Great
Republic but his judgment may be
seriously questioned. If Capt. Car
rol can be justified in losing a vessel
and cargo, worth three hundred
thousand dollars, and jeopardizing
hundreds of lives, to gain five or six
hours over a rival steamer, how7 much
can the people of Portland, and those
south of there, afford to do, that
THIRTY HOUR'S TIME might be
gained between Portland and San
Francisco, by making a harbor of
refuge at Cape Foul weather, 21 G
miles nearer the center of the Slate,
connecting directly with ocean stam
crs, that can come and go without
waiting for tides? A place free from
the dangers of a bar, and so guarded
with light houses that vessels of the
largest size may enter and depart, at
all hours of the night, in safetv. A
place free from occasional interrup
tion by ice, a circumstance that has
seriously interferred with commerce
several times in Oregon's history.
No finespun theories can do away
with this stubborn fact. Time will
soon be money and time loft will
be money lost. The question is, when
shall we commence saving both?
The tide is flooding, shall we take it,
Of follow " Dundee's," 12 percent,
flag to destruction ? The people of
Oregon, suffering for competition,
can now throw off the yoke that, for
years, has galled unwilling necks,
and labor untramltieled for cheaper
rates of freights and fares, by secur
ing a shorter route to the sea. Don't
cease to work because Nature has
done so much, and because every
reasonable argument is in your favor.
Those who have grown fat and sleek,
and learned to grieve for more, arc,
diligently trying, by all kinds of
misrepresentations, to defeat your
wishes and interests. This is emphat
ically a fight of capital against labor.
You gentlemen who talk so loudly
of moneyed combinations working
disaster, thousands of miles away,
can find the undisguised enemy at
home. Now, do not throw away the
opportunity of " bearding the lion in
his den ;" but let me beg of those
who wield the pen for the alleviation
of human suffering, to understand
me I am not opposed to capitol. I
simply wish to see it invested where
it will do all classes the greatest good.
Concentration of capital in places
where selfishness predominates, and is
always ready to injure the best in
terests of the laborer and producer,
is not a pleasant sight to look upon,
and :he quicker Central Oregon be
comes independent of that element,
the belter. Rialto.
Newport, May 6, 1879.
RAILROAD TO THE EAST.
Much has been said recently, about
connecting the Union anil Central
Pacific railroads with the Columbia
river, and numerous plans suggested.
The Evening Telegram, of the 5th
i net., has the-following :
"It is authoritatively stated that Mr. H.
Thielsen, chiefngiaeer, willatarton Wednes
day next, for Umatilla to make a reconnois
sance from that point to Fort Hall and Og
den, witli a view to the selection of a route
for the line to connect with the Union and
Central Pacific Railroads. As the business
in which he is to be engaged in is one of
great importance and demands much time
and attention, the report will probably not
be mad 3 public for several weeks. The in
tention is, however, to make the reconnois
u nice with all possible dispatch. During the
present week a surveyor with an able corps
of assistants will leave Portland for the
purpose of making a survey of route henoe
to Celilo, the road to connect with the pro
posed railway from Ogden."
Diphtheria has almost disarpeared from
the west side counties.
Editor Gazette : Several of our citizens,
deeming it necessary for the preservation of
fish, game and singing birds of our state,
that some organized action should be taken
to further this end, have taken the required
steps and organized a Sporting Club in this
city. The purposes of the Club, as laid
do-wn in its constitution, are to protect fish,
game and birds, by all leal means ; to en
cour.ige the propagation thereof ; to influ
ence, so far as is practicable, the enactment
of such laws ami ordinances as may be
needful to accomplish the ends in view ; to
see that these laws and ordinances are en
forced, and to generally attend to and guard
such matter.- and interests as shall accom
plish these resnlts and secure and perpetuate
our game and fish ; thus making our state
attractive to all sportsmen and lovers of
game. The association has already secured
a small, but valuable, library, and it is one
of its purposes to increase the same as fast
as xossible by the addition of sum books as
give information on subjects pertainin" to
the interests of the Club. They alao have
subscribed for, anil are receiving weakly
copies of the Forest Stream Rod Gun.
one of the best sporting papers in the United
States ; which, with the books, are open for
the use of the mernbi rs at all times. The
Club is called the M Benton County Sportin"
Ciub" and any resident of Benton County"
sixteen years of age, may become a member,
by receiving a majority of the votes present
at any regular meeting and paying the sum
of three dollars, with monthly dues at
The regular meetings of the Club are held
on the second Tuesday of each month, and
the -attention of all lovers of "field sports and
fishing, and all those who desire to promote
the interests for which the Association is
formed is cordially invited. The officers at
present are T. J. Buford, President; Wal
lace Baldwin. Secretary; Z. Job, Treasurer;
and T. J. Buford, Librarian.
Further information will be cheerfully
given on application to any of the above, or
other members of the Club. Farmers will
also bear in mind that this Association has
in view the protection of their interests and
invite3 their hearty co-operation. Should
our proceedings prove of interest we shall
be glad to furnish the same for publication
in the Gazette.
One of the Club.
Corvaliis, May 7, 1879.
Sheriff Baker of Marion county collected
po 1-tax from eleven Chinamen this week by
putting them in the jail They also paid
20 costs. They will probably pay the tax
next time without the costs.
FROM THE CAPITAL.
Salem, May 7, 1879.
Editor Gazette: Rather late in
the day to commence a ietlerfor pub
lication in this week's issue, but, not
withstanding the indisposition of cor
respotidants, Isuppose you will expect
something all the same; which fact
will account for me sitting here this
morning with my pencil in one hand
anil the fingers of the other rambling
listlessly through my golden hair in a
vain endeavor to stir up some la
tent idea or recall some startling
piece of intelligence as would serve
to cause wonder and astonishment
among your readers. Failing in this,
ho wever, I revert back to the report
er's most steadfast friend, the weath
er, and with due regard for my repu
tationi for truth and veracity I do
solemnly aver, and am perfectly wil
ling to make affidavit to the fact,
that myself, mine, and the public
generally, were never more thorough
ly weary of clouds anil storm, nor
ever looked forward with brightei
hopes for a gleam of sunshine. "The
oldest inhabitant" oh! well, never
mind. I wont get that off this time
for really I can. call to mind any con
versations with them very recently
on that subject. These cold rain
storms, however, are to be deeply re
gretted as it checks the growth of
vegetation and therefore has a damag
ing effect on our crop of cereals. Il
also has a dampening effect on pic
nics, May parties, boat rides, moon
light excursions and buggy riding
pastimes, peculiarly adapted to the
gratification of the young people.
Tlte " glide wife also files her pro
test as it delays her house cleaning
and sets things amiss around home.
In view of all these objections, now
placed on record, it does seem as
though old Plavtus would " tumble
to himself" as slang expresses it,
and give his scepter of power into
the hands of genial old Sol and per
mit him to straighten matters out
Salem mourns to day, the loss of
an old friend of this State, and one
who has done much towards advanc
ing the interests of the place. The
tolling of the church bell, yesterday,
announced the demise of Edwin N.
Cooke, a man well and favorably
known throughout tlte State. He h id
lived his allotted spell and his life
has been one of marked ability and
fransrht with good deeds. lie has
been ailing for some time past but
was not taken down until one week
ago tc - lay, since which time he has
been sinking fast and his wearied
soul took its flight to unknown realms
above, yesteHay about 11a jr. He
was surrounded, up to the last mo
ment, with family and friends and
passed away without a struggle, con
scious of his surroundings and ap
parently welcoming the change. He
was at peace with all mankind and
felt the fullest trust and confidence in
the hereafter, entering the dark vale
of death without a shudder, Mr.
Cooke was born in Jefferson county,
New York, on the 2(Jlh day of Feb
ruary, 1810, and came to Oregon in
1851; having married Eliza Vander
cook in 1835. They settled in this
county,-where they have resided ever
since. Of his public Iff your readers
are already acquainted, he having
served them as State Treasurer from
1862 to 1870. He has filled various
positions of trust and ever proved
faithful and efficient in the disc ha rare
of his duties. In his home life, how
ever, his numerous good qualities
were more beautifully exemplified.
Surrounded by the luxuries of life,
he devoted his entire attention and
bestowed his warmest affections upon
his fai hl'ul wife, devoted'' daughter
and husband, and his grand children,
their home being home in the fullest
acceptation of the term. In his daily
walks through life he was looked up
on as a devoted Christian, and his
devotion to the Church was some
thing beautiful to contemplate. He
was oneof the charter members of'Che
fneketa Lodge No. lT. O. O. F.; and
proved an O. F. in every sense of the
word and for 20 long years has 'up
held and advocated the princi
ples of our noble Order. He was,
in a word, one of the noblest works
of God a man; and there are none
who with truthfulness can say aught
against his name. Would that we
had more like him in. this world of
ours. Peace to his ashes.
His excellency the Governor has
made the following appointments
since I wrote you last : Notaries Pub
lie, C. D. Latonrette, Oregon City;
Thomas Patterson and C. A. Sweek
of Portland; T. B. Odeneal, Albany;
Henry Harren, McMinnville ; J. W.
Mack, Prairie Gity; James A. Yantis
Esq. of yonr city.
Articles of incorporation filed: The
Church of the United. Brethren in
Christ of the State of Oregon and
Territory of Washington; incorpora
tors J. W. Harritt, P. 0. Hetzler and
J S. Osborne. Seaside Lodge No.
12 Ancient Order United Workmen,
Astoria; incorporators C. J. Trench
ard, Columbus Brown and George
We have had the Hyer Sisters and
the Bergers with us recently and as
entertainments they are difficult to
excel. The " bare biondes" are the
next in order, after which will come
a. reign of quiet for a short time.
The Oreconiai, of the 7th inst.,
contains some very cheering railroad
news, which will be read by every
person interested in the prosperity
and growth of Oregon. It harbin
gers brighter days, in the near future,
for our young State. We have al
ways felt a great interest in the Win
nemucca railroad project, and have
had something like a presentiment
that it would be the first connection
of the Willamette valley with the
Central Pacific. With a harbor of
refuge and commercial entrepot at
Cape Foul weather, it would need no
prophetic ken to locate the western
terminus of the Winnemucca road.
In the language of the act of appro
priation, the harbor of refuge should
be located at a point that would not
only be suitable as a harbor of refuge,
but that would also subserve the best
"interests of commerce, local and
general." The outlook for this por
tion of the State is brightening. We
quote from the Oregonian, as follows:
The Northern Pacific is now reaching an
excellent financial condition. Being entire
ly clear of debt and owning a great proper
ty, it is in a position not occupied by any
other large railway corporation in America.
Its stock of late has been rising very rapid
ly, and the company can now obtain money
to build as fast as they can push construc
tion of the road. From General Sprague,
superintendent of the enterprise for the
western or Pacific division, we learn that
the company has just received an offer at
the east fur the iron necessary for construc
tion of the section fram the mouth of Snake
river to Pen d'Oreille lake, to be paid for in
the company's bonds at par. It is expeeted
that this whole section of 203 mile.3 will be
put under contract during the approaching
summer, and entirely completed next year.
Gen. Sprague's parties are now organizing
at Walla Walla and will tnke the field at
o ice to make final location of the route, aid
lie goes immediately to superintend and di
reot operations. On the eastern slope work
i3 proceeding with all possible rapidity, and
pari ies are now in the field making surveys
for the next sections west of the one hun
dred niles new under contract ;' and just as
soon as these surveys cavwbe finished future
contracts will be let. which will carry the
toad to the Yellowstone.
There ;s a railway enterprise that concerns
the Willamette vallev, which is brought be-
fura our attention. This is the narrow gauye
from Oregon City to Springfield. We are in
formed that arrangments are being perfected
whereby the promoters of the road will pro
ceed at once ; o build from Oregon City, ami
continue on to Springfield, provided the peo
ple along the route will subscribe the $2,000
a mile which they have been asked for. Up
to this time lo0,000 has been sui-scribed,
leaving only about 10,000 to be obtained,
and it is believed this can be secured with
out difficulty or dela7.
Furthermore, tho parties who have this
enterprise in hand expect to reach the head
of the valley within sixteen months, and
arrangements are making', with the directors
of tne Central Pacific whereby, when Spring
field i3 reached, that company will continue
the road eastwarnly to VVii.uemucca. or
from Winnemucca westward ly to Springfield
and complete the connection with Portland
before 1882. We yesterday saw a recen
letter from C. P. Huntington-, vice president
of the Central Pacific, wherein he states
that by the end of next year their force will
be free to build the Winnemucca road, pro
vided the people of Oregon have by that
time comp'.eted it as far as Springfield. Ac
cordingly supplementary articles or incorpo
ration are to be filed to-day extending the
line to Winnemucca and increasing the cap
ital stock. This statement is given for the
purpose ot informing the people interefte'1
that the undertaking ii still in progress, so
that they 'may know what construction to
place on the flying rumors to the effect that
it was likely to bo abandoned.
No. 44,132, if made daiiy, and the schedule
time expedited to about eighteen nous in the
summer time, would give mail facility direct
with the commercial centres of the state
and with the state capital and state depart
ments to a very large district of country
now containing a large and rapidly increas
ing population. Newport, the western ter
minus of the route, is an important sea-side
town, the population of which, with that of
the country surrounding it, is rapidly in
creasing. The country accomodated by this
route comprises a very large and important
portion of Benton comity. In view of the
present and growing necessities for the ser
vice, we, as in duty bound, shall ever pra; .
Astoria Suicide. The Asotian of the
2d inst., in speaking of the recent suicide?
in that city, says : ' ' We understand that
the man Conway, who committed suicide in
this city on Wednesday last, was a tailor by
profession. He has acted strangely for some
time, but not sufficiently 'so as to make it
apparent that he was insane. He came
down on the Ancon last Sunday arid expect
ed to go to San Francisco but was drinking
and left here. He begged Mr. Curry to
write to his wife and friends below in case
anything happened to him', bat Mr. Curry
little expected to be compelled to write her
such news. "
BENTON COUNTY MAIL FACILITIES.
No county in this stat3, perhaps, is more
prosperous or filling up more rapi.ilv than
Benton, bat our mail facilities have not kept
pace with our improvement and progress.
The only daily mail that Corvaliis, the
county seat of Benton, enjoys, is- the one
between this place and Albany. V e have a
tri-weekly mail to Philomath, King's Val
ley, and the Yaquina country, but the mai!
south of Corvaliis has been discontinued.
Corvaliis is situated upon the extreme east
ern Verge of the county, so that the north
ern and southern portions are supplied via
Albany. All the western portion, including
King's valley and the Alsea country, is sup
plied via Philomath, and this mail should
have a daily service.
As we remarked, last week, an effort is
being made to increase this service to a dai
ly. Mr. J. S. Cooper, of Independence,
who owns several mail contracts in this
state, has been looking after the matter, and
if the present contractor, Air. M. M. Crow,
does not choose to put on daily stages, Mr.
Cooper would do so. We understand that
Mr. Crow favors the change, and will put on
a daily, provided the change is ordered by
the postoffice department. The following
petition is in circulation, and should, as it
doubtless will, receive the signature of every
pewon residing along the line. These, with
the signatures and sanction of the various
postmasters, will secure the desired change,
we have no doubt. The petition is as fol
To the Honorable Postmaster General, Wash
ing'on, D. C:
SIR : We the undersigned citizens , and
leal voters, li ing in the vicinity, and to
u.? mmlnt.I bv the increase of mail
UC ,,,wi".... j
facilities on mail route No. 44,1.32 extending
from Corvaliis to .Newport, m Benton coun
,v nrannn tt-nnld most resnectfull v. but
earnestly, pray that services on said route be
increased from three times a ween w a uaujr
service. It will be observed by reference
Jiarmm nf tho Post Routes in this Wil
lamette Valley that two main lines, one on
either side of the river, extend north and
south through the valley, converging into
Thm-A should be at central points
and proper intervals, cross lints. Bottte
The ferry boat at Lincoln i3 rim by a
The Linn county cherry crop has been
damaged by frost. '
Three cougars were killed in one tree in
Lost valley recently.
There is a large and growing open ter. -perauce
society in La Grande.
A party of Chinese robbed the store of a
countryman in Hillsboro last week.
Diphtheria, which has raged fatally in
Eastern Oregon so long, is now abating.
A Mr3. McCarty has been brought before
the recorder at Astoria seven times for
Linn county is going to make a grand
showing this fall when it come3 to figuring
up the wheat crop.
Thirteen buildings will be erected at Phi
lomath. A good school house will be among
the new buildings.
J. S. Cooper, of Independence, has estab
lished a daily stage line between Salem and
Independence, leaving the former piace at
P. G. Buford has bought the Milton
Shearer place in Washington county, con
taining 80 acres, 40 acres of il plow land,
The beautiful residence of Mr. Fletchall,
situated just across the river from Eugene
City, was entirely consumed by fire last
Jacob Hansen, of S dem, visited the wreck
of the Great Republic recently, and took a
sketch of the same, from which he will paint
a large picture.
The steamboats City nf Salem and A. A.
MeCvtly ran a race of six miles on the upper
river a few days ago, the former gaining but
one length in that distance.
Samuel II. Willi ims was arrested in Was
eo county last week on a charge of commit
ting a murder in Kentucky. The authorities
didn't want him bad enough to coma for him
and so he was released.
The fort which the people of the Mead
ows in Eastern Oregon were going to build
" all so fast," is not a success, as everybody
is over their sare, and the enterprise savors
of hir.l work and considerable expense..
The family of W. D. Buxton, on Howe'd
Prairie, have been grievously afflicted the
past four weeks, having lost by diphtheria
lour children. Harriet J. in her fourteenth
year, and Charles W. in his twelfth year,
died on the 12th ult. Lillie M. in her tenth
year, and William A. in his sixteenth, died
on the 1 9th and 22d.
Jos Crain, a farmer of Jackson county,
started for Beading a few days- ago with a
wagon load of produce in compact form. He
took with him five hundred dozen eygs,
packed in grain, and will find a good market
tor both the eag3 and gr;an. Air. Cram
sold two thousand dollars' worth of pro
duce in this way last year.
Fanners and others of Washington coun
ty have been annoyed all winter by petty
thieves, and it is generally believed that an
organized band of robbers exist in that dis
trict. Three men, BuHock, Parsons and
Lander? have been arrested on charges of
theft and will be tried at the uext session of
the circuit court.
F; T. Phillips, near Cornelius, has a force
of Chinamen hoisting t.ie grubs and trees, on
his farm. They take out trees three or four
feet in diameter. William Kane of Forest
Grove has had 30 acres of grub land on his
farm in the northern jyirt of the county
grubbed. Chinamen did the job for 25 per
acre, and doubtless the first crop from the
land will pay the cost of cleiring.
The Clackamas comity Pomona Grange
will meet at the new haliof Ttvalatin Grange
No. Ill, on Friday Junj6, 1.879', at lOo'clock
A. M. Lectures will be delivered by the
following brocherr, : H n. O. F. B:;attie,
s-.il ject, "Education Hon. J. T. Apperson,
subja ;t. " Stock II ii ling. Br-e i Is, etc ;" Brn.
A. '.'.Steer?, " Bjs Culture," and . short
addresses from other brothers and sisters.
Major Rinehart, agent of the Malheur
Indian reservation, received the following
dispatch from Indian Commissioner Hayt,
dated at Washington on 17th ult: "Pro
ceed with farming operations. Request
commanding officer at Camp MoDermit to
turn Indians belonging to your agency over
t- you, excepting such ot the prisoners ar
have been ordered to rorc Vancouver :os
The grass was never better on the Lma
tilla side of the Blue mountains than now.
The sheep men are shearing their sheep, not
on account of the weather being unusually
warm, but to doctor the scab, which the
sheei caught during the Indian excitement,
when they all go; tige-jher. This breeding
of disease among the sheap of Umatill i
c lunty was by far a greater calamity to the
sheep industry of the country than a 1 that
were killed or lost on account of a scarcity
Hillsboro Independent : The Tualatin plains
is to our notion the finest body of agricultu
ral land in the state of Oregon. There is
hardly an acre in a quarter section that can
not be cultivated, and it give3 an average
yield of 25 bushels of wheat to the acre.
These lands, as well as ' the real estate in
every part of the county, is rapidly grow
ing in value. A eat farm houses are being
built and improvements in fencing, etc., are
being made every day. Washington county
is, without doubt, the finest agricultural
county as a whole, in the state.
A farmer writing froth Soap creek to the
River Side says : " We are doing our best
to put in our spring crop, but owing to the
wet weather we are getting along very slow.
The farmers of this vicinity put in a large
part ot their land last tall, which will ue a
great advantage to them ; so that I think
that tne acreage win not be diminished by
the wet spring. The wheat sown last1 fall
looks well, and promises to yield as well, or
better, than common.
Dalles Inland Empire : J. M. Bird is do-
in! more for Wasco county than any other
ten men in it, by his experiments in the cul
tivation of grain. He planted rye last win
ter, of which we have now a specimen, four
feet five inches in height, there being thirty-
two stalks from a single grain. He has 260
acres ot hill laud under cultivation in wheat,
rye and oats ; and he may justly be styled
the leader of hill cultivation in Wasco
county, which will produce as good grain on
the slopes as any region east of the Cascades.
Heavy rains throughout the State of Min
nesota have removed all apprehension of
Trouble is expected from a strike of min
ers at Terre Haute, Indiana.
It is reported that rich silver mines have
been discovered in the Indian Territory, just
south of the Kansas line. Claims in large
numbers are being taken daily.
A general convention of American iron
and steel manufacturers and iron producers'
met at Baltimore on the 6th inst., for the
purpose of considering the present condition
of iron and steel industries, their wants and
the dangers which threaten them. Vander
bi':t, the railroad monarch, was censured for
buying steel rails in Europe.
Gray, who attempted to shoot Booth, the
actor, pleaded guilty of assault with intent
to kill, and was remanded for sentence.
New York State is arranging to hold a
grand exposition in 1883, in honor of the
one hundredth anniversary of Great Britain's
formal acknowledgment of American inde
pendence. One Freeman, an Adventist, of Pocosaet.
M.iss., murdered his four year old child, and
claims that he did so in obedience to divine
revelation. While languishing in prison, he
will have an opportunity to reflect that re
ligious fanaticism don't excuse murder.
Serious labor riots have been going on in
Cork, arising out of a difference between
rival bands. The rioters were dispersed, by
the police, and the doctors rubbed salve on
forty wounded scalps.
The attempted revolution at Panama, Cen
tral America, resulted in an engagement on
April 18th. Thirty-five of the rebels were
killed, and the remainder surrendered to the
government forces unconditionally.
A terrible explosion of nitro-glycerine oc
cured at Stratford, Canada, on the 5th inst.,
killing several men and destroying one hun
dred and fifty cars and sheds.
SiIjVerton Railroad. The people of Sil
verton and vicinity are' very anxious that a
narrow gauge railroad be built from some
where to somewhere so that a market wid be
formed at that point and themselves be en
abled to ship their produce to Portland, the
central market of the North Pacific, It
seems that the recently surveyed route from
Springfield down to Orenon City is beiir
left severely alone and no definite steps ta
ken which will effect the desired result.
The easiest and most practical tiling the peo
ple of Silverton can do. is to turn their at
tention to a shorter and easier route, that of
building for themselves a road to Gervais.
The distance between those two points is not
to exceed nine miles, with very little grad
ing and bridge building to be don ;. A
great portion of the gra le work would be
performed by contribute 1 days work, as the
Ofc mpia and Tenino road. Twenty thous
and dollars has been subscribed by the peo
p'e of Silverton and vicinity. As much
more will be subscribed by the people of
Gervais and along the line of road, which
will be within ten thousand dollars of sutli
cient money to pay for the entire-road, roll
ing stock etc. If Ai Coolege will step for
ward and commence operations with the
capital already subscribed, the road will be
completed in season to carry away the grow
ing wheat crop. In order to make the
movement a success, some one person must
take the lead, and none is better fitted than
Ai Coolege. Portland S andard. May 3.
Change of Firm. E. Holgate, Esq., lias
become associated with Geo. P. Wrenn,
Esq., in the real eit.ate business in this citv.
New ad. next week.
CORRECT. The Monmouth Messenger of
the 2d inst., says: "Carter & Keady, of
Corvaliis, are now ready to do all kinds of
plain and fancy job printing. See their ad.
in another column.
terest the preparations which preced
ed the execution.
Yesterday morning the doomed
man ate a hearty hreakf'ast at 6:30.
After dispatching his meal Kat-koo'af
sat down very composedly and smok
ed his pipe for some time. About 10
o clock in the forenoon, Ro v. -Vy.t?.
Chattio called at his cell. Mr. Chat
tin, who converses quite fluently in
she Chinook tongne, asked Kat koo-at-after
the usual salutation f ,e was:
aware of the fact that he was going
to die soon. The Indian replied :
" Yes, I know thai; what time is it
Mr. Chattir. said "ten o'clock;" to
which Kat koo at responded :
"Three hours yet before I die."
He askc.l Mr. Chattiin if he waa
afraid to die, to which he answered
This Indian it is said had been a
regular attendant, of the Mission
School of the Greek church at Sitka,
ami has been taught about as much
about God and Christ, and heaven
mid hell, as his nntntored mind can
comprehend. During Ids confine
ment, he frequently' snnir Sabbath
school songs which he learned at
Kat koo at was reminded by Mr.
Chattin how upon the cross Christ
forgave his enernit s, and asked wheth
er he did likewise. Kat -koo at an
swered : '; Annie and Och-kho not
helped trf kill Brown, and were as
guilty as he himself; but I forgive
them ; I have put away all ansrry
feeling; I feel as though you are the
only friend I have, and I want you
to be present with me to the last and
pray for me."
in the ruisoN,
II S. Marshal Waters "had
Fall Rye. Mr. Win. Hood, of this coun
ty, has placed upon our table a bunch of rye
measuring 4 feet and 3 inches in flight. It
was raise 1 in the hills west of this city, up
on land which Mr. Hood was informed, soon
after he purchased it, that would not raise
white beans. This wa3 a fair sample of an
entire Held of grain and Mr. H. is satisfied
as to the productive qualities of the hills."
Proper cultivation goes a long way toward
Accident to the Sijpbkicb:. The IT. S.
lighthouse tender sSvSriek, whose boats did
such noble sendee in rescuing the passengers
from the Grent Republic, had the misfortune
late Frida3- night to run afoul of a buoy at
Tongue point, four miles above Astoria, and
had a portion of her starboard wheel, wheel
house and guard torn away. She was towe I
here last night by the tug Columbia and will
remain uuti. her injuries are repaired. Oregonian.
Time Taitle C'Ianged. The Lafayette
Courier leams that on and after Monday of
last week a train will leave Sheridan, call
ing at Perrydale about 5 o'clock A. M. , to
arrive at Dton at 8 o'clock A. M. , and
there connect with the O. S. X. Co. 's boat,
so that passengers leaving Dallas; Perrydale
and Sheridan in the morning will arrive in
Portland from 2 to o'clock r. It., tri
weekly. Returning, will arrive in Dayton
from Portland at 4 P. M. ; then take the 4
o'clock train for Sheridan and other points
on the roa 1, arriving at the above points in
the evening which will be a great advantage
to ad concerned.
HANGING 07 THE GH I Li GAT INDIAN FOR
THE MURDER OF T. J. BRGWN.
SAYS THAT THE CLOOTCHMAX ANNA AND OKH-KHO-NOT
ARE EQUALLY GUILTY BODY DE
LIVERED TO THE MEDICAL COLLEGE FOR
Kai-koo-at, the Chilicat Indian
who was tried, convicted and sentenc
ed to death in the United States Cir
cuit Court for the murder of Thomas
J. Brown, in Alaska Territory last
January, was hanged yesterday af
ternoon. United States Marshal
Waters performed the unwelcome of
ficial duty of carrying into execution
the sentence imposed by the court,
and vindicated the outraged law.
The execution look place in the jail
yard, the same gallows on which
James Johnson and Archie Brown
suffered the extreme penalty ot the
law being used. Notwithstanding
the public was well aware that Kai-koo-at
was to be hanged there was
very little excitement felt over the
event and no guards or military com
panies were ordered out as in the
case of Brown and Johnson. The
stockade which had been erected to
shut otlt public view from the aj
palling spectacle,- did not prevent
many from witnessing it who were
not holders rof tickets. Spectators
were admitted until all the available
space inside the enclosure was occu
pied, and many curiously disposed
persons clambered up to the top of
the fence and looked over, or peeped
through the cracks between the
planks and watched with evident in-
sary preparation for the
The rone had been at
tached to ihe beam above the scaf
fold, the fatal drop drawn up to its'
proper position and all that was
needed was the victim. To prevent
a crowd, the court house doors were
closed at 12 o'clock and about 75'
persons who held tickets of admission'
were allowed to enter. In company
wit h the officers, Rev. Mr. Chattin'
entered the eel) of the doomed Indian1
at 1"J:45 and said (speaking the Chi
nook tongue), '"Kat koo-at, ''on are,,
near yourdeat h." He answ erd, "Yes."1
Mr. Chattin continued, "You know it
is a bad thing to die. Now tell me,
were Annie and Och kho not equally
guilty ?" To which he responded
'yes." The question was asked Kat-'
koo at whet her bis people would be
angry with the whites for his execu
tion, and whether they- would take
revenge for it. Kat-koo-at answered"
THK FATAL DROP.
Precisely 53 minutes past 12 o'clock-Kat-koo-.it.,
followed by U. S. Mar
shal A. W. Waters, Deputy Marshal
VV. P. Burns, Sheriff B. L. Noiden,
Constable M. B. Wallace, and JJev.
W. C. Chattin, left the cell, ascended',
the steps leading to the scaffold, and'
took places ihereoli. As Kat ko at'
took his place in the center ot the,'
trap he surveyed the bystanders and
made a profound lw. Marshal AI'
W. Waters then read the death sen
tence in paragraphs, which was inter-'
pivted to the Indian by Constable M. -,
B. Wallace. At the conclusion of
each paragraph, Kat-koo it nodded''
assent. Mr. Wallace asled him '
whether he had anything to say,
which was answered in the negntive.
Mr. Waters then drew the black cap"
quickly over the murderer's face and
adjusted the noose, while Mr. Burns"
placed handcuffs on the wrists and
Icicklcd a strap around the ankles.
From the time Kt"koo-ntJcame upon'
ih" scaffold until the drop fell, he
maintained a stolid indifference, aud
not a quiver ot a muscle was visible.
However, he was under excitement, -as
ids pulse beat 120 when he' left his
At 12:.rj8, after the noose had beeii
adjusted, air. Chattin advanced, atid
offered the following prayer in the
Chinook tongue :
"Oil, God ! Thou art the Father ot
us all. Lowk in oily on this poor
Indian, who is about'to die. Although
he had been a wicked man, he has"
renounced his sins atid prays forgive
ness." The ''Amen," the cliek of the
trigger, and a thud were then 'heard
almost simultaneously. Kat-koo-at
had stood too close to the edge of the
trap, and as he dropped, Ids body
struck the side of the' trapway and
bounded to the other side. The
breast heaved for two minutes and
then the body was still. At 1:02 tho "
shoulders were drawn up This was
the last perceptible movement of the '
At 1:024 Dr. Litth field, the attend-'
nig physician, felt the pulse and ;
pronounced it very feeble.
At 1:03 the pulse was barely per-'
At 1:04 the pulse had ceased to
beat, but by auscultation the teeble '
heart beats were counted 80 to the
At 1:06, 58 to the minnte.
At 1:09 there was only a slight
murmur. At 12 he was "pronounced
dead, but the body was allowed to'
hang until 1:18, having hung a little
longer than 19 minutes.
The fall was about 5$ feet quite
sufficient to have dislocated the In
dian's neck had lie not struck against
the edge ot the scaffold. An exam
ination was made after Kat-koo at
whas dead which disclosed the fact
that death had been produced by
strangulation instead of dislocation.
Atj.er life was
The body was cut down and placed'
in a rude coffin. Suosequenuy it wa
conveyed to the medical college in
conformity with the order of the
court, and delivered to the professors
and students ot mat institution.