WEEKLY MTAUB UIEIB. Qorvallis, Fe!. 28", 1879. THE HARBOR OF REFUGE ! A Commercial Necessity OFFICIAL REPORT 0 f. The' Sutfrey of Port Orford ! BXAittNAtlOX OF PORT ORFORD HAR bob, oregon. TJihtbd' States Engineer Office, Portland, Or. Sept. 23, 1878. Gxxebal: T have the honor to transmit herewith a chart of Port Orford Harbor, Oregon, and to sub mit; the following report ot an exam ination made bv me in accordance with tne act of Congress approved June 18,-1878. OBJECT 6f THE EXAMINATION The object of the examination of this harbor was "to asccrtpin its adaptability for ar harbor of refuge." I left Portland, Oregon, on the morning of September 2, 1878, for Port Orford, 330 miles distant, reach ing the latter place on the evening of September 4, the journey requiring I fortunately had a fine opportuni ty to judge of the capacity and avail ability of the harbor, as I entered it from the PaciBc Ocean during a north west gale, and our vessel anchored in ! fathoms, opposite " Battle Rock," in smooth water. I remained two days at the harbor, during which I made a careful exam ination of it and its surroundings, and conversed freely with all parties who were acquainted with its general Character and the force and direction of the seas from which it needs pro tection. DESCRIPTION" of the harbor. Port Orford, the most westerly Jwrt of the United States south of Alaska, is situated on the western coast of North America, in latitude 42 degrees 44 minutes, longitude 124 29 minntes, and according to the Coast Pilot of Oregon, published by authority of the Coast Survey, is by fkr the best summer roadstead on the Pacific coast between Los lieyes and the strait of Fuca. The harbor is deep and capacious, and is formed by a headland boldly jutting out into the sea, nearly verti cal ou its water face, the portion form ing the shelter from westerly pales attaining altitude of about 350 feet; from the outer point the ground elopes gradually down to an elevation of about 60 teet above low-water, near the northern part of the bay, oppo site which the town of Port Orford it situated. The survey made by the Coast Survey, and plotted on their chart, is imported as follows by the Coast Pilot: "From the extremity of the south west point eastward to the main shore the distance is two miles, and from this lino to the greatest bend of the shore northward the distance is one mile. "The soundings within this space range. from 16' fathoms close to Tich enor's Rock, forming the southwest point of the bay, to 3 fathoms within one-fourth of a mile of the beach on the northeast side, with 5 fathoms at the base of the rocky points on the northwest side toward Tichenor's Rock; one mile of the shores of the bay the average depth is about 14 fathoms, regularly decreasing in shore." From my own examination and all the information I could collect, I find the bottom' of the harbor to be. of sand and mud, presenting a good holding-ground, and that there are jto sunken rocks or hidden reefs to endanger vessels after getting inside the head. It is said that northwest fogs-seldom, if ever, enter the road Stead, which gives it, consequently, a' great advantage over other harbors on the coast south ot the Colutnbta River. From my own observation I am led tobelieve this is so. While off the coast, between Cape Arago and Port Orford, a dense fog enveloped the shore; but when we reached Cape Blanco this seemed to veer off and follow the line of the reef north of Orford, and we entered the harbor where it was perfectly clear. On the following day, while examining the Coast north of Orford on shore I found a dense fog enveloping Cape Blanco, seven miles north, while at Port Orford it Was perfectly clear and pleasant. - , tides. The mean lise and fall of tides is .l feet; of spring tides, 6.8 feet; and of neap tides, 3.7 feet. DANGER IN ENTERING THE HARBOR. Between Port Orford and Cape Blanco, and about 3 miles off the coast, there is a group of rocky islets and sunken rockscalled Orford Reef, which renders the approach to Port Ortord from the north somewhat dani gerous; there is, however, a erood wide ship-channel between this reef and the main shore. GENERAL REMARKS. In reference to the present condi tion of the harbor during winter gales the Coast Pilot notifies mariners as follows: ln winter, anchor far enough oat tcvpot to sea when a southeaster comes tipV during a protracted gale in De cember, 1851, a terrible sea rolled in so that no vessel could have rid den out. "The old steamer Seagull was driven northward, and lost two weeks in regaining her position, and the mail steamer Columbia hardly held her own for many hours off Orford Reef." In the tall of 1872 Major H. M. Robert, Corps of Engineers, made a careful examination of this harbor, and in January, 1873, piesented an elaborate report, with plans and esti mates for a breakwater. In the sum mer of 1876 the board of engineers for the Pacific coast made a similar examination, and in February, 1877, presentented a report, with a plan and estimates: these very interesting reports were laid be-free Congress, and to them I respectfully call atten tion for details. CONCLUSIONS. After a careful examination of this subject I beg to report that, in my opinion Port Orford is a very availa ble point for a harbor of refuge. It rs easily accessible, occupies a position nearly midway between San Francis co and the strait of Fuca,. presents a deep and capacious roadstead, offer ing secure anchorage from gales from all points except south, southeast, ami southwest; is not subjected to north west fogs, has no shifting sandbars or hidden reefs within its limits; the land around is high and prominent, and presents all the necessary materi als, easily accessible, for a stone breakwater. All that is now needed to make it a secure harbor of refuge at all seasons is a breakwater, behind which vessels can ride safely at an chor during gales coming from the southeast, couth, and southwest, from which it is not already protected by nature. A careful examination of the chart of the currents and the general direc tion of the gales leads me to the con clusion that a breakwater about 5,000 feet long, running from the outer point of the head toward Coal Point, would give ample protection to a large fleet during the heaviest gales; for present purposes 2,000 feet would be sufficient, and this could be ex tended whenever it became necessary. A breakwater 5,000 teet long would secure a harbor of about 300 acres, with a depth of from 4 to 12 fathoms outside the three-fathom curve, while one of 2,000 feet in length would secure an available anchorage of about 90 acres with the samn depth. The plan of breakwater recom mended is that proposed by the board of engineers for the Pacific Coast and described in their report of February 14, 1877, as follows: " We propose to build the base of any breakwater up tothe height of 15 feet below the level of low water o; small stone, that, is to say, of such stone as any quarry will furnish, and while quarrying out this great mass' to lay away all large stones of 5, 10, or 20 tons tor the construction of that portion of the breakwater from 15 feet up to low water. Upon this foundation we propose to build a ma sonry wall, faced with granite, 25 feet wide and 20 feet high, including the foundation, protecting the sea ward side by blocks of artificial stone (if natural stone cannot be obtained) of large size, (20 to 30 tons each), and thoroughly paving the harbor side with large blocks of granite to receive without displacement the wa ter that will be thrown over the wall in great storms." I think this breakwater should, be connected with the headland, and that the United States should pur chase so much of the Head as will be necessary for the works of defense af ter the harbor is completed, and for stone quarries, buildings, &c, tor the construction of the breakwater. The proposed breakwater of 5,000 is estimated to cost as follows : 108..333J cubic yards of ashlar ma sonry, at 18 1,950.000 70,000 cubic vards of rubble ma sonry, at $9 630,000 295,000 cubic yards large stone, at So..... 1,475,000 2,247,500 cubic yards small stone, at 2 4,495,000 Contingencies, 10 per cent 855,000 Total 9,405,000 A breakwater 2,000 feet long is es timated to cost as follows : 43,333J cubic yards ashlar mason ry,, 18 , 3780,000 28,000 cubic yards rubble mason ry, at 9 252,000 118,000 cubic yards large stone, at 5 590,000 747,000 cubic yards small stone, at 2 1,494,000 Contingencies, at 10 per cent 311,000 Total. 3,427,000 GALES. The prevailing winds on the coast from November until April are from the south ami southwest1; in May they veer around to the north and northwest and continue from that di rection until about October; the gales mostly dreaded by mariners are from the southwest and are at times fear ful in their severity ; on the whole of this northwest coast between San Francisco and the strait ot Fuca, a distance of 750 miles, there is no har bor that a sailing vessel will attempt to enter during a southwest gale. A harbor of refuge is absolutely necessary, and natnre seems to. have indicated that Port Orford by its lo cation and natural advantages should be selected for man to complete, and thus present a safe harbor to which mariners can run for shelter in any gale. Port Orford is in the collection dis trict of Southern Oregon; it is no longer a port of entry. In the range of hills in the rear of the harbor there is said to be an inexhaustible supply ot coal, and between the town and the Coqnille river there are for ests of the best cedar timber. The nearest port of entry to Port Orford is Ellensburg at the month of Rogue river, about 25 miles south of the harbor. 1 was' unable to learn what, if any, revenue was collected at Ellensburg during the last fiscal year. The nearest lighthouse is on Cape Blanco, 1 miles distant, and the near est works ot defense are at the month ot the Columbia River, about 220 miles distant. Since completing the foregoing I hate received a very able and inter esting communication from Captain William Tichnor. an experienced sailor and old resident of Port Orford upon the great stream setting from the Japanese Islands northeast to the northwest coast of America, and its effects and changes on our shore line in eddies, shoals, drift sands, &c. Captain Tichnor has gone into the whole subject, and gives his opinions as Id the effects upon our coast from Cape Mendocino to the strait of Fuca, and particularly at Port Orford. I quote from the closing portion of his letter as folHws : "Port Orford has the following ad vantages: it is the central point be tweeti San Francisco and Puget Sound; it is the most western harbor on the coast, and it is therefore not liable to calms; it is exempt at all times from black fogs, and it is very seldom visited by gray or cabn fogs; it is the most capacious roadstead on the coast, and large enough to accom modate our rapidly growing com merce for all time to come ; it is ex empt from all sunken dangers, either in it of its approach ; it is shielded from all danger of being filled with drifting sands; it has the very best holding ground of any roadstead up on the coast, composed of sand, loam and decomposed slate ; it affords im mediately at hand all the material, and of excellent quality, for any im provement desired. "Its approaches are unsurpassed, having on the east of the harbor a prominent sugar-loaf nJbunUun of eighteen hundred feet altitude, laved by the waters of the bay, and four miles east of this mountain another, with an altitude of twenty-three hun dred feet, thus presenting to the nav igator landmarks that cannot be mis taken in approaching the shore. The country in the interior isnndoubtedl v as rich in resources as any portion of our coast, with inexhaustible deposits of coal, iron, copper, silver, and gold, extensive bodies of timber, and fer tile valleys, all teeming with nature's riches, but, like the major portion of our iron bound coast, destitute of a place of shipment. "At the same time, important as .are these internal resources, they should be considered but secondary to the great commercial demand for a port of refuge for the safety of the lives and property engaged in our coast traffic. We have only to refer to the said detail of the sacrifice of life and property during the last win ter, to raise our voice in prayer to the Government to look to our safety. All shipmasters on this coast, those commanding our magnificent steam ers as well as sailing vessels, unite in lecommendir.g Port Orford as the place adapted for an improvement of this kind." A chart of Port Orford, showing proposed breakwater and the dirction ot the heaviest seas and currents, is transmitted. I am. General, very respectfully, your obedient servant. JOHN M. WILSON, Maj. of Eng. JJrev. Col. U.S.A. Brig. Gen. A. A. HuMrREYS, Chief of Eng. U. S. A. CARD FOR VOI fit i AS'i'OR. First of all let every church begin the work of 1879 by resolving to give its uastor a united and just, sup port, and by support we mean not merely efficient aid 'in church work, but such a salary as shall make it possible for him to live comfortably, and joyfully to give his whole time and strength to his work. This is the first duty of every church. We would be the very last to discourage liberal giving for missions and all other necessary benevolent objects, but a church that gives its money for such purposes and leaves its pastor in want is as culpable as the lather who should give his children's bread lo strantrers. Both thinrs ousht to be done, but the pastor ought to be, J J JS 11..-. -11 iM l provided lor in si oi an. hilarity oe gins at home, though it should ex tend to the ends of the earth. Not only is it the duty of a church to provide well for the pastor, but an enlightened self-interest would dic tate the same course. A business man wdio wants his interests well looked after pays his employes a fair salary, and considers it poor econo my to do otherwise. So it is the poor est kind of economy for a church to neglect to make proper provision for its pasloi's support. No man can study well or preach well or do pas toral work well, unless 1iis heart is free from anxiety about his daily bread. If he is obliged to give his mind to the question how he shall keep the wolf from the door; if he can not look the butcher and the gro cer squarely in the face because his bills are unpaid, and he has no pros pect ot paying tliem ; how can he be expected to do anything but half hearted work? So we say to the churches, if you want your pastor to look after your interests well, do you look after ids. Another thing: pay the pastor promptly. A salary of $1,000. paid promptly in installments, as agreed on, is worth $1,200 paid irregularly. A cash buyer always gets the lowest prices, and can therefore live on less than the man who lets his bills run weeks or months before payment. See to it that your pastor is able to pay cash, or has a credit as good as cash. If his last year's salary is in arrears, now is the time to make it up. This is the holiday season, when even the crabbed1 are genial and the stingy generous. Make your pastor's heart glad by paying him what is due him to the uttermost farthing. Then take account ot ways and means; and whether his salary is raised by subscription or peW-rents. see to it for the future that he is paid promptly. It tfill do your own hearts good, and cheer his more than yon can tell. Any church that pur sues this policy will find its aggres siveness and its power doubled. Ex, Labor, Money and Transported tion. ' Ed. Gazette : Human prosperity, and the material and intellectual de-. velopment of society are promoted through the production and distribu tion ot wealth. Before the resources of nature can contribute to the pros perity and development of society, they must undergo, 1st, a change of form, 2nd, change of location, 3rd, change of ownership. The first is accomplished by labor, the second, by transportation, and the third, by money. In the morn ing of civilization, when labor was unskilled, and unaided by machinery ; when the absolute necessaries of Hie in their most limited, crude and rude form occupied nearly the whole time of man in their production, exchanges were few, but limited transportation facilities were necesary, and there was but little need or use for money. What exchanges were made were mostly in kind one kind of products exchanged for another, while the raft and the pack-mule were the principal modes of transportation. As skill in creased and machinery took the place of bones and muscles, increasing the quantity, quality and variety of pro ducts to meet the demands, needs, tastes and luxuries of a higher social development, the pack-mule had to give way to the wasjon, and the raft to the canal and keel boat, and a me dium of value exchange became nec essary in place of simple barter. For this purpose, society selected the so-called precious metals, as they possessed value in small compass, and comparatively light weight and from their divisibility into very small portions, and their capability of re union or restoration to larger bulks and values without loss. Still this was nothing but barter an exchange of value for value. But it was the best the age could produce as private credit was unknown and uo government possessed suffi cient stability to give its credit cur rency even among its own subjects. The reader should keep in mind the three changes necessary for nature's resources to undergo before they im part their blessings to man, form, lo cation and ownership, for no man can produce all he needs, any lack of fa cility or means, to effect either one of these changes effectually blocks and obstructs the other two. Lack of labor or production deprives trans portation of business, money of use, and society of blessings. Lack of transportation facilitates, slackens and cheapens production, and produces high prices and a death in the market. Lack of the medium of value ex changes produces stagnation all along the line, prevents both production and transportation, throwing labor and machinery out of employment, and opens the door wide to crime, vice and moral degredation. The era of hand work, the pack-mule, and simple barter gave way to the wind and water wheel, the canal boat and stage coach, and gold and silver. During this era, but little com para tivcly was produced, the needs of man were few ; no individual or na tion had sufficient credit to get large ly in debt ; but little money was nec essary and the precious metals were ample to perform its functions. In 1G90,$12 would buy a horse in Eng land. A pound of silver was eigh teen shillings, or about $4 15, now we make $10 of it, and England makes 66 shilling of it. In the wilderness of Judea. eigh teen hundred years ago, the disciples estimated that 200 pence, equal to about $30, would give a square meal to 5,000 hungry people costing but three-fifths of a cent each. (See Mark 6:37). Then came the era of steam, by the aid of which one man could perform the labor of ten or a hun dred. Production increased rapidly, and the labor that was thrown out ot employment by machinery, must seek employment in extending and multi plying the varieties of products. This stimulated inventive genius, cul tivated a higher order of taste and refinement. A better class of build ings and furniture took the place of old. Better and finer clothes, car riages, equipments, books, musical in struments and works of use and or naments, were then supplied to meet the growing demands of a higher civilization and social culture. Thus were the changes of form greatly facilitated and the possibili ties of production increased. This demanded a corresponding increase in tho facilities for transportation and distribution. The locomotive took the place of the horse the iron rail of the wagon road and the steam ship of the canal boat. So far no legislative obstructions interposed the march of improvement. No mon opoly could control the inventive genius of the laborer, or the enter prise and energy of the men of trade aud commerce. Labor, machinery, steam power and genius found among the growing and developing wants of society ample demand for the pro ducts of their full employment. Transportation, by means of steam, afforded every necessary facility to distribute with economy and dispatch all the products ot labor to far and near consumers. An ample medium for the value exchange of these greatly increased products was all that was lacking to produce a condi tion of material prosperity, social refinement, intellectual development and moral grandeur, never before at tained by man. The barter system was wholly impracticable. The gold and silver medium becaineinadequte from its limited quality and not until the credit of England, from 1797 till 1822, that of the United States, 1862 till 1873, and that of France while recuperating from the losses by the tjrerinan war, were coined into substitutes for the pre cious metals, was the third medium formed, exactly adapted to meet the demands of the highest civilization. T , .. .1,. rmuiere wc meet opposition, x lie love of power, the ambition for su periority and position, the selfish greed of man to control an undue share of the blessings and privileges of earth, have arrayed the monopo hzers of the precious metals against human prosperity, social tranquility and the general welfare. They have taken possession of power, and fortified themselves be hind protective statutes. Kegardles: of the country's welfare, and heart hardened against the woes of want, and the wads of distress, they have banded together, to maintain the su premacy of gold and the monopoly of the most important distributive medium ot the world s wealth. Hits is the enemy which is blocking ' the wheels ot progress and scattering desolation through the land. Labor and machinery are ample to produce, aud transportation to dis tribute ; but while limited to the meager barbaric medium of exchange which was barely sufficient when products were tew, and hand-made; all labor thrown out of employment by the introduction of machinery must perish or seek subsistence by preying upon the peace and safety, and the surplus ot society. The medium of value exchanges must, keep pace with the increase and facilities of transportation, as well as the improvements in production and labor-saving machinery, or the world will return to the pack-mule, the dis taff and the tread mill. W. A. Wells. Corvallis Feb. 21, 1879. . a . Never consult a man on business who does not manage well his own. IMS WHICH ARE BOOKS. "GoodBooks for All." Works which should be found in every li brary within the reach of all readers. Works to entertain, Instruct and Improve. Copies will bs sent by return post, on receipt of jjrice. New Physiognomy ; or Sins of Character, as manifested through Temperament and External Forms, and especially in the Hu man Face Divine. With more than One Thousand Illustrations. By Samuel It. Wells. 7GS pages. Heavy muslin. $5.00. Hydropathic Enclycopedia ; A System of Hygiene, embracing Outlines of Anatomy; Physiology of the Human Body ; Preser vation of Health; Dietetics and Cookery ; Theory and Practice of Hygienic Treat ment ; Special Pathology aud Therapeu tics, including the Nature, Causes, Symp toms, and Treatment of all known Dis eases. By It. T. Teall, M. D. Nearly 1,000 pages. 4.00: Wedlock ; or Tiie Right Relations of the Sexes. A Scientific Treatise, disclosing the Laws of Conjugal Selection, showing Who May and Who May Not Marry. By S. R. Wells. 1.00. How to Read, and Hints in Choosing the Best Books, with a classified list of works of Biography, History, Criticism, line Arts, tiction, Toetry, Keligion, science, Language, etc. By Amelie V. Petitt. Z'M pages. 12 mo, muslin, $1.00. How to Write, a Manual of Composition and Letter-Writing. Muslin, to cents. How to Talk, a Manual of Conversation and Debate, with Mistakes in Speaking Corrected, to cents. How to Behave, a Manual of Republican etiquette and Guide to Correct Personal Habits, with rules lor LeDating oocie ties. Muslin, 75 cents. How to Do Business, a Pocket Manual of Practical Alfairs, and a Guide to Success, with a Collection of Legal Forms. Mus lin, 75 cents. Choice or Pursuits ; or What to Do and Why, and how to Educate each man for his proper work, describing seventy-live Trades and Professions, and the Talents and Temperaments required. By a. fal- zer. 1.00. Expression, its Anatomy and Philosophy With numerous Note3, and upward of 70 lustrations. 1.00. How to Paint. Designed for Tradesmen Mechanics, Merchants, Farmers, and the Professional Painter. Plain and Fancy Painting, Guilding, Graining, Varnishing, Polishins, Kalsomininz, Paper-Hanging, and Ornamenting, Formulas for Mixing Paint in Oil or Water. By Gardner. 1.00 CojIbe's Constitution of Man. Consid eredin relation to External Objects. 1.50 Combe's Lectures on Phrenology. With an Essay on the Phrenological mode of In vestigation, and a Historical Sketch. By Andrew Boardman. ai. u. $i.u. How to Read Character. A New Illus trated Hand-book of "Phrenology and Physiognomy. With ,170 Jingravmgs. Muslin. 51. zo. How to Raise Fruits. A Guide to the Cul tivaticn and Management of Fruit Trees, and of Grapes and Small Fruits. By Thomas Uregg. lllustratea. $i.uo. Letters to Women on Midwifery and the Diseases of Women. With General Man agement of Childbirth, the Nursery, etc For Wives and Mothers. 1.50. Science of Human Life. By Sylvester Graham. With a copious index and Bio graphical Sketch of the Author. 3.00. Phrenological Journal and Life Illus trated. Devoted to Ethmology, Physiolo gy Phrenology, r'hysiognomy, .Fgycology, Biography, Education, Art, Literature, with Measures to Reform, Elevate, and Improve Mankind Physically, Mentaly and Spiritually. Published monthly, in octa vo form, at 2.00 a year fn advance, or 20 cents a number. New volumes January and July. Inclose amount in a Registered Letter or by a P. O. Order for one or for all the above, and address S. R. WELLS & CO., Publish, era, 737 Broadway, New York. Agents wanted, 7ieoib:tu. STJBSdEIBH IFOR THE WEEKLY FOE VOL. SIXTEEN. OFFICIAL PAPER FOR AND BENTON COUNTY! THE GAZETTE IS a LIVE LOCAL PAPER, Has a Large, and Constantly In- creasing circulation, and is one of the BEST ADVERTISING MEDIUMS in the State, being published in the heart of the WILLAMETTE VALLEY. $2 50 Per Annum, invariably in advance. Advertisements inserted at Rea sonable Rates. All kinds Plain and Ornaiental Printing executed with neat ness and dispatch. Justices' Blanks constantly on handv Tfr. B. CfAETER Proprietor and Publisher, Corvallis, Oregon. RUPTURE ! ANOTHER WONDERFUL CORE EFFECTED BY CALIFORNIA ELASTIC TRUSS! CALIFORNIA ELAS TIC TRUSS COM- Paky, W. J. House, Proprie tor. Dear Sir: I feel that I owe it to you and to humanity to write the fact that I have been SUBSTANTIALLY CUR- r " r " oi your incomparable Trusses, which I purchased from you three Jnonths ago. I cannot describe the sufferiner, both Dbvsf callv and mentally, that I have undergone during that pe riod; arid now I feel like a new being. 1 have worn all kinds of Trusses, both Steel and Elastic and nev er received any permanent relief until 1 tried yours Its simplicity of construction, and facility with which it can be adjusted, and the ease and perfect freedom to the motions of the body with which it can be worn without causing any irritation, are its chief merits and it is a perfect supporter. I have not had any sign of a return of a Rupture since the first day I nut It nn anl foal ,1.-. T n , i , i-, , , ...... J .r . " ...v. l i uil x uui r I . li I CKj 1 Li X UU1U.11. It 18 invaluable, and the fact should be known to the world. You can refer any one to me on the subject of their merits. 1 am yours truly, ALFRED J. BURKE, Chief Mail Clerk S. P. Daily Evening Post. San Francisco, July 20, 1878. ENDORSED BY THE MEDICAL PROFES SION. California Battle 7.r My ' 1878 After practicing medicine many years in this city during which time 1 have had an extensive experience in the application of all kinds of Trusses, I can and do recommend yours as the best in every respect, lor it is as near perfection as modern science can lnnke it. It has many advantages over the torturing steel-hoop Trusses, which inflict great injury on the hips and spine, bringing on other distressing ailments, such aa lumbago, morbid affections oi the kidneys and numb ness in the lower limbs, all of which are avoided by wearing the California Elastic Truss. It is not only a perfect retainer, combining ease and comfort, but the pressure can be changed to any degree. It also re mains in its proper place at all times, regardless of the motions of the body, and is worn night and day with perfect 'ease. It is superior to any of the Elastic Trusses now in the market, while "it combines the merits of all. 1st It is easily adjusted on and off with snaps, doing away with straps and buckles. 2d The universal spring between the plate and pad prevents all irritation, which is a god-send to the suf ferer. 3d. The pad is adjusted on and off in an in stant, and can be changed for any other size and form most suitable to the case. In fact it combines every quality essential to comfort and durability, and is un equaled in lightness, elasticity, natural action, and artistic finish. Many of my patients who are afflicted with hernia are wearing them, and all shall in the fu fure, for I think the great ease with which these purely scientific appliances are made efficacious, is trulv remarkable. Vou can refer any parties to m on the subject of their merits. I remain truly yours. L. DEXTER LYFORD, M. D., Physician and Surgeon, 600 Sacramento street, San Francisco. It is constructed on scientific principles and sells orv its own merits. If you want the best truss ever man factured, don't forget the name and number. Trusses forwarded to all parts of the United States, at our expense, on receipt of price. Send for Illustrated Catalogue and Price List, Giving full information and rules for Measuring. CALIFORNIA ELASTIC TRUSS COMPANY, 720 Ma i ket Street, S. F. 15:30yl. C O NSUMPTTO 1ST Positively Cured. ALL SUFFERERS FROM THIS DISEASE THAT are anxious to be cured should try Dr. Kissner's Celebrated Consumptive Powders. These Powders are the only preparation known that will cure Con sumption and alJ diseases of the Throat and Lungs indeed, so strong is our faith in them, and also to con vince you thai? they are uo humbug, wc will send to any sufferer, by mail, pot-paid, a free Trial Box. We don't want your menev until you are perfectly satisfied of their curative powers. If your life is worm saving, uon tueiay in giving tliese rowuers trial, as they will surely cure you. Price for larg-e box, .S3 00, sent to any part of the United States or Canada, by mail, on receipt of price. Address, ASH & RObBINS. 16:Syl. 300 Fulton street, Brooklyn, N. Y fp A A a week in your own town. $5 Outfit free Tifo r''1 Reader, if you want a business UU a wmun lersons of either sex can makf great pay all the time they work, write for particulars to H. Hallktt & Co., Portland, Maine. 15:12yl. THE TIIIItTY-VOi;R'iriI 1K.1K, THE MOST POPULAR SCIENTIFIC PAPER IK THE WORLD. Only 83.20 a Year, including Postage. Weekly. 52 Numbers a year. 4,000 book puges. Tim Scientific American is a large First Class Weekiv Newspaper of Sixteen Pages, printed in the moit beautiful style, profusely Illustrated with splendid engravings, representingthe Newest Inventions and the most Ueeent Advan.es in the Arts and Sciences; including New and Interesting Facts in Agriculture, Horticulture, the Home, Health, Medical Progress, Social Science, Natural History', Geology, Astronomy. The most valuable practical papers, by eminent writers in all departments of Sci ence, will be found in the Scientific American; Terms, S3.20 per year, 81.60 half year, which in cludes postage. Discount to Agents. Single copies, ten cents. Sold by all Newsdealers. Remit by postal order to MUNN & CO., Publishers, 27 Park Row, New York. DATCMTC In connection with the SCIEN lAICniOi T1FIC AMERICAN, Messrs. Mi'NN & Co. arc Solicitors of American and Foreign Patents, have had 34 years' experience, and now have the largest establishment in the world. Patents are obtained on the best terms. A special notice is made in the Scientific American of all Inventions patented through this Agency, with Jkhe name and res idence of the Patentee, liy the immense circulation thus given, public attention is directed to the merits of the new patent, and sales or introduction often easily effected. w Any person who has made a new discovery on in vention, can ascertain, free of charge, whether a pat ent can be obtained, by writing to the undersigned. We also send free our Hand Rook about the Patent Laws Patents, Caveats, Trade-Marks, their costs, and how procured, with hints for procuring advances on inventions. Address for the paper, or concerning Patents, MUNN & CO., 37 Park Row, New York. Branch Office, Cor. F & 7th Sts., Washington, D. C. 15:49tf. CORVALLIS LIVEJfcY, FEED AftD ' HAIJ STREET, CORVALLIS, OREGON. SOL. KING, Proprietor.- -VWNINO BOTH BARNS I AM PREPARED TO' yj offer superior accommodations in the Livery Una. Always ready for a drive, GOOD I'EAMS At Low Rates. Mv Stable, are first-class in every respect, and com petent and obliging hostlers always ready to servs the public. REASONABLE CHARGES FOR HIRE. Particular Attention Paid to Boarifor Mi ELEGANT HEARSE, CARRIAGES AND HACKS FOR FUNERALS. Corvallis, Jan. 3, 1879. 16:lyl.