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STATE RIGHTS DEMOCRAT.
SATURDAY, J AM Alt Y is, 1S06.
Democratic State . Central
A Meeting cf tto Democratic State
CntrJ Committee will be held in the eitj
Portland, on MONDAY, JANUARY
22, 1SCO, t 11 o'clock, a. m. The
Members, of the Committee are respect
fully requested, upon this public notifica
tion, to b present t the appointed time.
By order of J. B. STEPHENS,
. - ' : President of Committee.
Portland, Dec. 20, 18G5.
THE IUPLIC'ITY OF THE ABO
LITION PARTY IX ItFOAKI) TO
THE A?IE.OMEjrT TO THE
- Last week we ga-re some attention to
Che extraordinary construction now given
by the Abolition leaders to the second
section of tha Amendment to the Consti
tution, and which had not been publicly
suggested or mentioned until after the
official announcement by the Executive
that the Amendment had been ratified by
thd required n amber of States..' We
propose to still further ixpose the fraud
and duplicity which the Abolition leaders
have practiced with reference to this
measure. The Amendment is as. follows:
Section 1. Neither slarcry nor Involuntary
servitude, except as punishment for crime,
wherof the party shall Lave been duly con
vkted, ahall exist within the United States
or any place subject to their jurisdiction.
. Sec. 2.: Congress shall have power to en
force this article by appropriate legislation.
The last section seems merely to invest
Congress with the authority to enact laws
o enforce the previsions of .Section 1,
o-wit! that neither slavery nor involun
tary servitude, except as a punishment
for crime, shall exist in any part of the
United States. Not one out of every one
. hundred voters who read-and re-read the
Amendment daring the many months it
sras before the people for consideration
-ever imagined that the last eectron was
ruseeptible of any other construction than
this we. have just repeated. Yet, no
sooner is the oEcial announcement of the
ratification of the Amendment mada than
Senator Wilson presents a carefully pre
pared Bill in the Senate, by which the
people are informed, fur the first time, i
.that the interpretation given the con
la'ndincr RPrtirm hv iht
r. tx. j
id this effect t-hat it empowers Con-
gress to enforce upon all the States of the
Union without regard to the wishes.
Tiewa or voice of the people of the sev-!
-ral States, a uniform, system of Negro I
Equality, by whieh the negroes are in
Tested with every civil and political right,
privilege and prerogative, possessed by
white citizens. As we stated last week,
..had the people ever fancied or feared that
tfach .an interpretation could have been
tven tothe Amendment they would
have repudiated it from one end of the
Union to the other. The Abolition lead
ers were well aware' of this, and therefore
withheld from public channels every inti
"mation of their real purpose in proposing
the" Amendment, and the peculiar inter
pretation they aimed. to put upon it in the
event of its ratification, so as to more
"rarely accomplish their nefarious ends.
v But if none outside of their -own treas
onable circle suspected all the inquiry
which this Amendment wa3 made to con
tain and to conceal, there ware those who
feared lest the plain construction appar
ent oa its face would be ignored, and that
another and very mischievous interpreta
tion would be given to it by the party
srhich proposed it. ; Among the eminent
citizens who entertained a fear of this
j-ind was the Hon.' B. F. Perry, the Pro
.visiooal Governor ot South Carolina. In
"rritiig officially to President Johnson, in
reference to the feeling in the Legislature
f that State on the Amendment question,
he nied the following language :
There is ao objection to the adoption of
ie proposed amendment to the k eaerai Jon
tdtution, except an apprehension that Con
gress might, under the second section of that
Amendment, claim the right to legislate for
the negro after slavery -was abolished.
To this he received an' official ' reply
from Secretary .Seward, by direction of
the President, dated Nov. 6, 1865, from
which we quote as follows : f '-
tThe objectioa which you mention to the
East clause of the Constitutional Amendment
ii regarded as querclous and unreasonable,
. -because that clause is really restraining in its
-effects, instead of -enlarging the power of Con
gress. ; , . i -. . -. '
? 5Here, then, we have the assurance of
the President, by his first Cabinet officer
ithat the 'last clause of the Amendment
w&3 intended as u really restraining"
inpoh Congress, instead of enlarging its
power. ; Accordingly, if there be any
faith in the Administration, no other in
terpretation than this intimated by the
President-and Mr. Seward can be received
en ihe "part of the Government."
But from another source we derive the
Information that either the President and
tlr. Seward differed widely, from some of
ith -"'spicuoas leaders of their party, ia
.i", .ieas as to the intention of this
js--iiarly mitten seeond clause of the
Amendment, or they were leagued to
gether; with those leaders, in & very base
end fraudulent scheme to conceiJ from
tha people the actual purposes of the
Atgeadinent nntil its ratification were
-eectsed. Tie New York, Tribune,' in
commenting upon the language of Mr.
Reward in hia rade reply to Gov. Perry,
assayed that ihe objection urged by the
latter geseman was well founded. But
we will quote the Tribune very words.
It says.: ;-- '.;:.'.--
The Constitutional Amendment aims at the
. Vbsoiate, unconditional abolition of slavery
throughout this United States ; but it does not
("" h Hitherto, the personal liberty and
civil rights of' each citizen worn held and rn-
joyed, under the protection of the States re-
specuveiy ; hereafter, thev are to ho upheld
and guarded by the nation. Hitherto, a
State might cruelly oppress anv portion of
her own people; hereafter, Congress is
charged with tho duty of protecting in the
full enjoyment of his liberties each inhabit
ant of our eountrv, and clothed with tho
power requisite to its fulfillment of this high
obligation. Ours must henceforth and for
ever be a Union of free States and a nation of
freemen, or Congress will bo grossly delin
quent and culpable. Governor Perry's ob
jection to the second section of tho Constitu
tional Amendment may indeed have been
" querolous and unreasonable," since it is
unwise to resist the inevitable or to objeet t
the strongest possible guarantees of individ
ual and general liberty ; but tcecaimot regard
his construction of tfte great Amendment as
strained or illogical. If Congress shall for
bear to "legislate for the negroes," or for
others, it will so forbear simply because the
States act so wisely and justly that no further
legislation is needed. ,
The construction here given to the
Amendment by the Tribune is sufficiently
startling, yet even this is mild and harm
less in comparison with that now put upon
it by the Abolition leaders in Congress
through their accredited mouthpiece,
Senator Wilson. Greely is honcsttnbttgh
to say that the Amendment does not stop
at the absolute, unconditional abolition ol
slavery throughout the United States;
but he does not say, or permit his readers
to know his views as to just where it does
stop. lo it observed however that he
nowhere intimates that tho Amendment
is liable to the construction now given it
by his party in Congress.
Readers will bear iu mind that, although
the Amendment had been before the
people ever since the last session of Con
gress, not the slightest idea was ever put
forth by the party which proposed it, and
which so zealously sought to effect its
ratification, that it contained any such
ingredient as that now developed in Sen
ator Wilson's Bill. It was not until Gov.
Perry raised the question of the possibil
ity that Congress might construe the
meaning of the second clause differently
from that which it seemed to bear Upon
its face that the people were permitted to
know that any such ambiguity or vague
ness of expression was Relieved to lurk in
i the Amendment. But. by that time
nearly all the States across the mountains
jhad voted finally upon the thing, and
therefore, at that late dav, when
, ' . ,,
people of those States could not revoke
their ratification if they would, th Tri
bune did cot hesitate to avow, what it
had studiously refrained from revealing
while the Atlantic States were yet to pass
upon the Amendment that it did clothe
Congress with supreme power over the
States, even ia their domestic affairs-
And now, let us call attention to another
peculiar fact in connection with this mat
ter. Thi3 official correspondence between
Gov. Perry and Secretary Seward occurred
early in November, and the views of the
Tribune npon the subject involved were
given broadcast to the public & few days
later. The Legislatures of California and
Oregon were to meet in December. Tin
vote of one or perhaps of both of these
State3 was then deemed esseutial to secure
the ratification of the Amendment. If
the people of. either of these two States
suspected that the second clause was at
all susceptible of the construction barely
intimated in the Tribune, ia the face of
Secretary Seward's disclaimer to Gov.
Perry, beyond doubt they would have de
manded its rejection at the hands of their
respective Legislatures. The loyal tele
graph was the only medium through
which any intimation of the highly im
portant secret could be divulged to the
people of this coast, until after California
andOregon, or either of them, had finally
passed upon the Amendment. Accord
ingly a stopper was put upon the electric
wires. No intelligence could have been
so important to our people, or eo eagerly
sought after by them, aa that pertaining
to an amendment to the Federal Consti
tution, and especially when so vital a
question concerning its real intention had
been sprung as that developed in the
Perry-Seward correspondence, and in the
Tribune article. But not a whisper, not
a shadow of a shade of an intimation was
ever permitted to reach onr people by
telegraph of all this most material matter.
We simply get it now, by due slow course
of mail, after the ratification is secure
and final, and when, if the people find
themselves deluded and betrayed, they
also find themselves firmly held in the
Abolition meshes, without the hope or
power of, redress or relief.
And let the few really sincere and
honest men in the Abolition party of
Oregon observe further that, although
the organs of their party, and their
leaders in the State also, are now aware
of the fraud and duplicity and treachery
which has been practiced by their great
chiefs--at 'the -East, they refrain from
offering one word of censure or regret,
and by their silence give at least tacit
assent and approval to the atrocious
wrong. They, cannot, as sincere and
honest men, any longer continue with the
party which sustains and applauds, or
even permits such outrages npon the
rights' of the people and the States.
Their only hope, to preserve the country
against this monstrous iniquity, must be,
where the hope of, every true patriot
rests, in the strength and ultimate triumph
of the Democratic party. There is no
time to hesitate.; Men must take sides
now. If they really desire the preserva
tion of the Union as it was under the
Constitution as the great fathers made it,
their place is with the Democratic party.
But if they want a Despotism, ruled over
by negroes and fanatical Puritaus jointly,
they hate only to give present support to
the party in power, which will then soon
be able, not only to dispense with their
aid," but to crush them if they dare refuse
to bow to its every arbitrary mandate.
The devilish duplicity revealed in their
action on this Amendment matter ought,
ot itselt, to disgust and sicken every
honest man with the Abolition leaders
and that party.
Dr. Tate and 1 1 in lefeuse.
Two weeks ago we animadverted npon
the extraordinary and very censurable
conduct of Representative Tate of this
county in the late special session, with
regard to his action in the matter of the
Charter of this city. The following de
fense of Dr. Tate appears in his organ,
published at this "place :
" At the late special session Pr. Tate, one
of tho Abolition Representative! from this
count v. introduced a bill toproride a charter
for the city of Albany. . ' ' Confederate Organ .
Well done J That is nearer the truth thau
voii ever came before. The words we liave
italicised aro false : tho remainder f the
sentence is true. lr. Tate,, in neeordance
with a request sent him by several of the best
citizens of Albany; introduced a bill to
change tho time of holding our city elections
from IVvemln-r to June. Because there was
no further petition sent, the IWtor, we pre
sume, tabled his own bill. Why the request
was made to have the time for holding the
election changed is simply noue of the con
federate man's business.
Very good, Doctor granting that what
you quote from our " Confederate organ"
is fulse, the responsibility rests upon the
loyal reporter of the State official organ,
from which paper we quoted. And now
to the other portion of your defense.
What right had you. as the public servant
of the people, to propose a change of the
time of the Charter election in Albany,
without, first having been warranted in
some sort by the publicly expressed desire
of the citizens immediately interested ?
No such desire h.iJ been expressed
therefore you usurped a power you had
no just warrant to u?e. But how comes
it. Doctor, that it "is simply none of the
Confederate man's busiuess why the re
quest was made to have the time for hold
the election changed ?' The Con
federate Ditn is a citizen and voter in trie
eity of Albany. He is invested with
every right and prerogative of citizenship
equally with even the mighty Dr. Tate.
Abolition Representative. It ia as much
his right to know why the request was
made to change the time for holding the
election as it is the right of the most
lordly of the voters of the city to be in
formed thereof. It is indeed come to a
pretty pass nur public affairs if a Rep
resentative, servant of the people, shall
first proceed to an unwarrantable assump
tion of power, and then, when properly
censured for hie behavior, retort by say
ing it is none of the voters business why
he acted as he lid. Dr. Tate may suc
cessfully attempt that kind of reply to
wards any of his own slavish party fol
lowers, but we can assure him it will not
be permitted to pass unrebuked when
tried upon Democrats. He acted badly
in trying to have the charter chanced
without the consent or knowledge of the
citizens of Albany, and bravado upon the
subject illy becomes him.
Clergymen Arrested. The arrest
of clergymen in Missouri, for practising
their sacred caliing without taking the
infamous test oath prescribed by the new
Constitution, is becoming more frequent.
From a late St. Louis paper we learn that
in November the Rev. Mr. Rush, of the
Methodist Church South, was arrested in
Plattsburg, upon complaint of a' Northern
Methodist, after having preached a ser
mon from the words " Have faith in God."
It must be an ofiencc, then, in Abolition
eyes, in that State, to have faith in Ged ;
and, from all indications, this cannot he
wondered at, for they certainly ignore
Him. The Rev. James Morton, a Pres
byterian clergyman of Boonville, was also
arrested on a similar charge, and held to
answer at tho Circuit Court for- Cooper
county, under bonds of $500.
Or Cotjese. The Missouri Legisla
ture has passed resolutions approving the
fiendish murder of Judge Wright and his
four sons in Platte county last fall, by
Col. Babcoke and his gang of imtchers,
and p"raisiug Babcoke for the act . The
chief murderer was himself a member of
the House, and made a long speech, ad
mitting the butchery, but justifying his
conduct. The Radicals applauded his
remarks. Won't some Puritan pulpit dem
agogue or pious humanitarian of the Ab
olition party here in Oregon tell the peo
ple how righteous and tender-hearted
they believe this Col. Afabooke to be
The Traitor ! Tho Abolitionists as
sert that every citizen who did not favor
" going to war for the Union" k a trai
tor. Very good. We present for that
stigma from their own lips the name of
Salmon P. Chase, present Chief Justice
of the United States. We have the high
authority of the New York Times, the
Administration organ ot tnat city, lor say
ing that "at the first Cabinet meeting
after the fall of Sumter, Salmon P. Chase
opposed raising any troops or making
war." He must be a very great traitor,
accordingly, in the estimation ot his own
war-howling brethren. e
them in this beliefs .'
Goon Luck, to It. The Jacksonville Re
porter has entered successfully upon its
second volume. Better fortune still to it-
may it keep on prosperin jr. for it is worthy,
The Democracy of Southern Oregon will, we
hope, giro it abundant substantial aid.
DATES TolrANUART 3.
Proclamation of Ratification.
The following Is the proclamation of Sec
retary Seward declaring tho abolishment of
To all whom these presents shall come,
greeting: Know ye, that whereas, the Con
trress of the United States, on the first day of
February last, passed a resolution in words
following, namely :
Section 1. Neither Slavery nor involunta
ry servitude, except as a punishment for
crime, whereof the party shall hate been
duly convicted, shall pxisc within the Ifr.ited
Slates, or any place subject to their jurisdic
tion. Section- 1. Congress shall have power to
enforce this Article by appropriate legislation.
And whereas, it appears from the official
document on file in this Department, that
the Amendment to the Constitution of the
United States proposed ns aforesaid has
been ratified by the Legislature-! of the States
of llliuni, Rhode Island, Michigan, Mary
land, New York, West Virginia, Maine,
Kansas, Massachusetts, Pennsylvania, Vir
ginia, Ohio. Missouri, Nevada, Indiana,
Louisiana, Minnesota, Wisconsin, Vermont,
Tennessee, Arkansas,. Connecticut, New
Hampshire, South (orioni, Alabama, North
Carolina, ami OhfSis dfjfill twenty-seven
States And wA'I "-Vrhiilo. number of
And whereas, the before Kiieciailv name.
States, whose Legislatures have ratified the
said proposed Amendment, constitute three-
fourths of the whole number of States in the
United States : Now, therefore, bit known,
that I, William If. Seward, Secretary of
State of the United States, bv virtue of and
in pursuance of the second section of the Act
of Congress approved 20th of April, 1818 (?),
entitled "An Act to provide for the publica
tion of the laws of the United States and for
other purposes," do hereby certify that the
Amendment has become valid to all intents
and purposes, as a part of the Constitution
ot the tutted Mates.
In testimony whereof, cU
Wk. II. Seward, Secretary of State.
New York, .Tan. ,1. The Fenian Congress
organized to-dav. ratrick Corbet t of Syra
cuse, wa elected permanent Chairman, and
.Mr. I'uum ot Illinois, was chosen Secretary
About five hundred delegates were present.
seventy-live of whom are from the district of
Manhattan, embracing this eitv, Brooklyn,
and Queen - county. The members from
Manhattan received all rights to any position j
in the organization. Speeches hy Corbett j
and all others nk for a thorough investiga
tion of the troubles between O'Mahony and
the Simalr. It is about certain, pays the
Post. tha. tlw Congress w ill favor O'Mahony.
It will close its business this week, but it'is
douhtfulwhether the persons decided against !
will idtthc decisi m.
From the South.
New Orleans, Jan. 2. The restriction un
der which the Kpiscopal clergy have been
laboring in Alabama, are fornierlv with
Some comtneticti lt;is created a feT nights
a o in the Mobile theatre b seme persons
hissing Yankee iModle, while soldiers were
applauding. Nothing ferien occurred. Tho
iuue has !een ordered played by themiiitarv
Wilmington, N. C. Jan. 1. The celebra
tion by the negroes t--day passed off with
perfect order and propriety.
All the civil o racer in tne Mate appoint
ed bv the Provisional Government, includ
ing Ministers, Commissioners, .Judges, and
all others', comprising the whole machinery
of the UoTemmetit, t n-?ed to exercise snv
autboritv. their terms of ofiice having come
t. an end by the Provisional Governor hav
ing given up his office. All power now tem
porarily rests with the Military Governor,
who is taking steps to have a legislative rem
edy for the difficulty ; meanwhile its milita
ry authority will direct officers heretofore
acting for the State to continue to esereise
their functions. ,
New York, Jan. 2. The steamer "Wil
mington from Galveston with papers to the
24th ult. hn arrived. Governor Hamilton
issued a proclamation restoring, ns far as he
has power, to their full civil rights all per
sons recommended for special pardon.
llaleigh, . L.., Jan. J. Governor Worth
issued a proclamation calling the Legislature
to meet ou the 8th of January.
Chicago, Jan. 2. The Ohio Legislature
was organized yesteriiav. in tne oenate
joint resolutions were adopted providing for
an amendment to the Mate Constitution by
omitting the word " w hitc" in stating the
qualifications of electors.
Madison, w is.,-Jan. 6. this evening tne
new State officers were sworu into office.
Governor Fairehilds, iu his Inaugural, says?
" Not until Jeff. Davis shall have been tried.
convicted and hung for treason, and the fact
that treason is a crime which cannot be com
mitted with impunitv shall havte been fairly
demonstrated, will the American people be
content. The American people demonstrat
ed that the Union is one and indivisible
that its people, of whatever race or color,
shall be free forever."
New York, Jan. 3. A suit was commenc
ed to-day in the Supreme Court against Sec
retary Stanton by James II. Maddox, for al
leaged false imprisonment. Plaintiff having
boeu a purchaser in Richmond under per
mission of President Lincoln and the Secre
tary of the Treasury, of largo quantities of
tobacco which was destroyed ny our lorces in
Fredericksburg in 1891," and having been
kept in the Old Capitol prison since Presi
dent Johnson came into office, claims $100,-
000 Aamntron. Defendant claims that plain -
tiff is guilty of a violation of the Articles of
War by treating witn tno enemy ; vnai me
arrest was not made by his order but by the
Provost MarshrK and that plaintiff is still
on parole in flTltdm of $o,U00 to await his
trial on such cwargo.
St. Louis, Jan. 3. Gov. Fletcher took
possession to-day of tho St. Joseph and Atch-
ar-.-n ol tVoainrn Railroads ill COnsCOUetlCe
of default in the payment to the State of
300.000 and interest. The governor ap
pointed State agents to operate the Roads
until they can be sold accordmg to law.
BATES TO JANUARY 4.
'Atchison, Kansas, Jan. 3. The Daily
Champion to-day publishes an accurate state
ment of the amount of freight shipped from
there across the Plains tho past year. Seventy-seven
firms and individual freighters
were engaged in this trade. The aggregate
amount of .their shipments were 21,000,000
pounds of assorted merchandise ; requiring
tor its transportation nearly 5,000 wagons,
17.000 mulaa and horses, nearly 28,000 oxen,
arid employing upwards of. 500 men. Over
half of this freight went to Colorado, and the
reirfainder to different parts ot Utah ana
Montana. Nevada. Idaho and Mexico. Total
capital investod in this business is oyer
$6,000,000. "The overland coaches which
leave and arrive here daily, have taken out
qnil hlln rrV trt firfr 4-.000 nassengers, and
brought here $2,400,000 in specie. Freight
ers think the trade of 1866 will be nearly
double that of last year.
Vow Vn-lr .Tan. 2. John T. Hoffman
was formally inaugurated Mayor of New
York to-day. In his Inaugural he argues
that the City Government should be free
from controfby the Legislature of the State.
New York, Jan. 4. Judge Hughes, one
of Semmes' counsel, yesterday applied to the
Secretary of the Navy to fix the day for the
trial of the accused. The Secretary declined
for tho reason that there was not a sufficient '
number of officers of proper rank now unem
ployed, homines is confined in a room in
the Navy Yard, and no one except one of his
counsel is allowed to speak to him.
' 'eorge Jj. Jjittle, J rensury Assistant, re
cently returned from the South, reports that
tne southerners have abundance- of money
received from Northern Kpeuulntora in ex
change for Southern staples.
The following in an exhibit of the business
of the Pension Department for the year iust
expired : Number of applications admitted
Irom invalid soldier), 18,300 ; number of tho
same rejected, 10,752 ; applications aduiHted
from widows, mothers and orphans, 2I,'G2;
same rejected, 15.000: cases till awaiting
to lie deposed of, 87,000: of which 31, lOo
are from mothers and orphans. During the
last month ot the year, o,0(0 letters ami
circulars relating to cases on file in the office
havn been mailed to parties interested or
St. Albans, Vermont, Jan. 4. Ilubbell,
cashier of the Missiquoi Ihmk of Sheldoti
ville, has suddenly disappeared, lie turns
out to be a defaulter iu a largo sum, stated
as large as $700,000. His whereabouts is
unknown by the officers of the bank.
Chicago, Jan. 4. A fire occurred at Ra
cine, Wisconsin, at four o'clock this morn
ing, which destroyed the Racine Honse block,
Telegraph Office, Kpiscopal Church. ix or
eight More, and other property. The loss
is about $100,000.
Boston, Jan. 4. Governor Andrew in his
valedictory to the Legislature to-day, ven
tures theopiniorHhat the Government should
require tboqrrt"op8: of States lately in rebl
lion to affirm tlour Constitutions iruarautee-
ing to the people of color their civil rights ns
men and women on an equality with the
white jMqmlation j regulating the elective
franchise according to certain laws of uni
versal "application, annulling ordinances of
secession, disaffirming the rebel debt, and to
ratify the Constitutional Amendment to the
Constitution by their Legislatures.
New York, Jan. 4. Rev. Dr. Cunimings
of St. Stephen's Catholic Church, died very
suddenly to-day. :
Under Government regulations' there have
been sent to the various Southern States
from this city (luring December, 7,300 guns
and pistol : over 9.400 Itounds of sporting
powder : over 500.0W pounds of shot, and
lo.lNKi.OUO per. u---i;i caps.
Resolutions have been adopted by the Flor
ida Legislature asking Executive clemency
for John II. Gee.
Kansas City, Jan. 3. Advices by the
Santa Fe coach say that intense cold weather
prevails on the Piains. Snow bound trains
lost nearly all their animals-. Several team
sters were severely frozen, ninl some fatally.
Eleven men were picked up along 4 h if route
in a helpless condition and taken to Fort
Dodge for treatment.
New Orleans. .Jan. 3. A number of im
migrants h:ive arrived ia Louisiana from
The Ificific Mail Steamship Company will
re-open steamship communication between
New Orleans and Aspinwall via Havana,
taking mails, passengers and freight to Cal
Letters were received from the eity of
Mexico, stating that ex-Governor Alien is
desirous of returning home.
Judge Dwyer and Col. Luckett have been
released from Fort Jackson.
Chicago. Jan. 4. New Orleans dispatches
snv that the total amount of cotton shipped
North i 1. 00O.OO0 bales. The iif,r en-p is
expected tj amount to 1.500,00 bales.
Buffalo, Jan. 2. Governor Fcnfon's mes
sage is published this afternoon. It advo
cates th.ftt maimed and disabled- soldiers be
cared for and their pensions increased. The
message concludes as follows : " In the
work of restoring the revolted States to their
appropriate tcueral relations, great ques
tions rema'.u for solution which we cannot
ignore ohligatioTis which honor and good
faith impose on the Government towards all
who have been faithful in its behalf. I en
tertain tlie confident hope that enlightened
statesmen will solve those difficult problems
in a spirit at once Immane and geuerous.
The magnanimity and first principles of the
Government will commend themselves to the
approval of all friends of the Government
and peenre the public safety. Toward our
misguided countrymen we should entertain
no feeling of bitterness or unkiudness, and
animated by generous forbearance we should
cordially co-operate in our respective spheres
of influence iu supporting the general inter
ests or all those entitled to mvoke oar pro
tection. With firm adherence to the first
rights of all in a spirit of kindness, all traces
of alienation will gradually and forever pass
New York, Jan. 4. The Fenian Congress
to-day appointed a committee P) confer with
the I enian Senate, and adopted a resolution
directing the President of the Senate to re
port directly to Congress. O'Mahony's ad
dress was read to tho Congress in the after
noon. Col. Median has written an appeal
to O'Mahonyand Roberta to resign. Simul
taneously Roberts replied to the Committee
wdio waited on him, " that he did not recog
nize the legality of tho Congress, and was
willing that the books and papers of the Scn-
ato should be examined.'7 Mr, Williams
financial report is ready for Congress.
At the Cork Special Commission for the
trials of the Fenians, Bryant Dillon aud Jno.
Lynch were arraigned for treason, and a
jury was sworn. ine Attorney uenerai
stated the case lor craven, alter which Jlr.
Warner was examined, who stated .that he
had seen as manv as five hundred persons at
a meeting, and the prisoners were among
them. The Grand Jury found true bills for
treason and felony against V. Dugan, 1',
Donovan, Jno. Carty, Jas. Martano, and A
There has been a slight increase of deaths
by cholera in Paris since the last returns
were made up to the nth.
New York, Jan. 4. -r-The secret organisa
tion of tho French Canadian residents in the
State of New York, have commenced an in
ternal quarrel similar to that of the Fenians.
Ono faction is anxious to plunga headlong
. - ru v l i ; i n j
Into a war wiu jiiiji.iuii, noauo viin;t'ui,
and re-establish a Canadian Republic with a
Capital and Departments . at Elini Caney.
The other faction is opposed to any such rash ,
action. The Head Centre and Chairman of,
tho Convention have published a letter which
takes grounds against any hasty action.
New York, Jan. 4. Via Havana we have
news of another revolution in San Domingo.
Another shock of an earthquake was felt at j
Porto Rico at midnight on the 10th ult. Noi
serious damage done.
Some official news from tho cit of Chi
huahua to the 24th of November is received.
Juarez and his Cabinet Ministers, Supreme
Court and other functionaries, arrived at
Chihuahua, the Capital of the Mexican Re
public, on the 20th ult. and met with a warm
and enthusiastic reception and quite a popu
Tho Minister of the Interior issued on the
21st of November a circular to the Governors
of States informing them that the National
Government will be in Chihuahua for the
present, . '
The people are rejoicing at having got rid
of French troops.
News from tho interior is . represented as
encouraging to the Nationalists.
General Gaeza is President of the Repub
lic, having accepted a military posickm
under the Government.
Eight I undred French troops whose term
of service had expired were to leave Vera
Cruz on the 24th ult. An arrival there of
other troops from France was daily expected.
It is reported that Maximilian's 3Iinister
of Foreign Affairs Romderal stated the
only hope of the Imperial Government rested
on the success of the loan in Loudon,
The University of Mexico i suppressed.
and a public museum of natural history is
established by Maximilian. ,
IJiC imperialist!! claim another victory
oyer th'JUeptiblicau forces near Conilitcfa,
in w hilifesfcjamous leader Gomaz Sanchez
Tho Republican's had taken possession of
the town of La Paz in Lower California.
DATES TO JANUARY 6.
New York, Jan. 4. Advices from Europe
to Dec. ."'0th are received. The cattle dis
ease is spreading in England. Upwards of
30,000 have died, and more than o,OUU are
attacked every week.
The treatv of peace between England and
Austria will be immediately signed.
King Leopold of Belgium is dead. His
successor has assumed the throne.
Capt. McCafferty, late of the Confederate
Army, arrested at Cork and tried for partic
ipation in the Fenian movement, was fomid
Parliament has appointed a committee to
make a searching inquiry into tho condition
of affairs in Jarnaico.
The fact is revealed that Stephens, the re
puted Fenian leader, was all the time in the
pay of the British Government. His arrest
was a ruse, and his escape an arranged trick.
New York, Jan. 5. Ex-President Fill'
more and wife have started on a European
A fund of ten million dollars is cn hand.
forJTjpbeneStof sick and disabled seamen in
An iirirease ana reorganization ct tRettrmv
is being considered at Washington.
Gen. flicker, Chief Clerk of the Senate,
died this morning, aged 70 years. He had
been in the employ of the Senate 42 years
A resolution has been introduced in Con
gres providing that all the public lands in
the feouthorii states bo thrown open to set
tlers, agreeably to the decision of the Land
Richmond, Jan. 5. An exchange of shots
took place in the Capitol between Pollard of
the hxauimer and Coieman of the Enquirer
Six shots were fired without effect. The dif
ficulty grew out of an article in the Examiner
relative to the public printing.
New Orleans, Jan. 4. It is rumored that
the militaj-y will soon deliver the banks into
I h' hands of the owners.
New York, Jan. 6. The detectives ens
ploved to ferret out the counterfeiting of the
. 100 Treasury notes have made a startling
report. Secretary McCulloch has given the
parties implicated aa opportunity to prepare
It is said that the delegation from Tennes
see will soon be admitted to seats in Con
gress, as a concession to the President.
A list of eighty Gonerals, rojiorted to be
mustered out several weeks ago, Las not vet
been acted on. A strong pressure is male
to prevent any more dismissals.
Secretary Stanton has declined to deliver
the'eulogium on the late Abraham Lincoln,
and another eulogist is to be selected.
The contract and management of the
Northern Pacific railroad has passed into the
hands (if New England capitalists.
1 lie amount reciizeu bv the Gurommcnt
for the sale of confiscated cotton, sugar, ie.,
in Mississippi, for the last two years, exceeds
half a million of dollars.
It is asserte 1 that Gen. Grant is opposed
to the immediate readmission of the South
The netrro troops in Texas are to be sent
to garrison the forts along the coast. -
The charges against O'Mahony, head cen
tre of the Fenians, are to be investigated bv
In the Fenian Congress vesterdav a sharp
debate occurred. Gen. Sweeney, President,
was cliarged with not being an initiated Fe
nian, which he did not deny. Important
dispatches from Ireland of a Guttering char
acter were rea l.
Kelt-hum. the forger and thief, was taken
to the State prison at Sing Sing to-day.
Washington, Jan. o. Ihe Sacretary of
War reports that the entire number of vol
unteers called into "service during the war
10,009 w hite and 12,000 negro troops are
to fie discharged this week.
The counsel for Capt. Semmes will to-day
ask for his release ou the ground that having
been paroled by Sherman, he cannot be held
to answer for anything prior to the parole.
The aggregate debt of Massachusetts is
New York, Jan. 6. Gen. Crawford, late
of the Federal service, is a General in the
Liberal army, and is engaged in raising a
large force. It is reported that Gen. Lew
Wallace and Gen. John A. Logan are con
nected with the movement. Crawford is en
listing soldiers spll in tho Federal service in
Texas, promising them discharges from the
Government at Washington. The Federal
authorities do not interfere.
People along the Rio Grande on the Mex
ican side are moving on the American side,
to escape the heavy assessments of the Lib
erals. CALIFORNIA XETTS.
San Francisco, Jan. 8. Win. Maev, the
cashier of the Sub Treasury in this city, is
discovered to hare embezzled a large amount
of the public money. So far the defalcation
amounts to about $80,0tX. Maey has left
for parts unknown.
Major Hensley, noted pioneer citizen, a
man of noble qualities and great wealth,
died this morning, lie was about 50 years
of age, and leaves a wife aud two children.
A Court Martial in Arizona has found
Capt. J, II. Shepherd guilty of calling his
superior officer ' a miserable lying old scoun
drel," and he is dismissed the service.
A terrific gale swept over this city last
evening, doing damage to the shipping.
Tho owners of the Flag newspaper sue O.
M. Clayes of the Stockton Indepeudent, for
$20,000 damages, by reason ot the latter
failing to purchase the llag after ho agreed
to do so.
Judge Hoffman condemned the bark Pass
ing Cloud for smuggling cigars, teas, &c.
Washoe City, Jan. 5. The house of Sen
ator Lambort was destroyed by fire last night,
and his two boys burned to death. His wile
was carried out insensible. Lambert was at
Carson, attending the Legislature.
Legal tenders, 69(.70. . "
E. W. TRACY & CO.,
(SUCCESSORS TO TRACT KINO,)
THE niGHEST PRICE PAID FOR
GOLD DUST, LEGAL TENDERS, ETC.
IHIXIXG STOCKS BOUGHT AXD
OFFICE 58 Front street, first door
north of Arrisroni s.
Portland, Dec 20, 1865.
Direct From the Refinery I
r f HF BARRELS SAN FRAN
ciseo Refined Sugar.
100 Kegs Syrnp ; which nr ar sellinz
J. FLEISCHXER t CO.
Albany. September 30, 1865.
rn TOJV8 OF SALT, FOR SALS
JJ cueap, try J. iXEJ.SVll.NER ft CO.
GOOD NEWS rGOQI)jNEWS!
THE WAR IS ENDED I
OUR COUNTRY IS SAVED FOREVER!
RALLY! RALLY! ONE AND ALL
'AT TUB - ' . I,
OPPOSITK THE POST OFFICE, ,
IX ARAIY, OREGOIf.
I II EG I,EAVE"TO IXFORA-nus'
Public that I have jut received oc pf ttm
J.artret and J.et. selected Stocks of MerelmoiM
.' ... . i - w i j;.n.f f ... .
ever t.roneht to mis ...... nr
York and ati Frao'-isco, conautiog oi etery
icription of i - '
LADIES', CHILDREN'S, GE1ITS .
AND BOYS' DRESS AND "
. gnch aa ' ;-' -
Delaines, Cashmeres, Iff ohaiiv, ,
Ciermania ClotU, ChenomtJiOr
Scott Ij Plaids, Wiueejs,
DeBaize, Poplin, t Ukn,
Poil De Clierrc, Corsetls, K bUs,
La Priese, Merinos, Alaer
Slinwis, Cloth Cloaks, II -$d Siy -
Kid Gloves, Hoop Starts,.
Breakfast Shawl ,
Balmoral Skirts, Collars and CaBb,
Embroidered Baads, .
Merino and Colion Hose,
"Laces of All Kinds,
Latest Styles Fall and Winter Hat
THE CLOTHING AND GENTS FURM
CONSISTS OF THE TERI LATEST STYLES OF
Black Cloth Dress Coats-
Slack "Beaver Cress Coats,
Silli mixed Cassimere Coats,
Black Doeskin Pants,
Fancy Cassimexe Pants,
Silk BXized Cassimere Pants,..
Cloth. Silk and 'Velvet Vests, -Fine
Overcoats of All Finds.
LIXEX B. SHIHT3, FAXCT OVERS HIKTS,'.
MERTXO AXD COTTON POCK 3,
SHAKER FLAXXEL rXDEESHIRTS AXD '
SILK POCKET nAXDKERCHIEFS,
KID GLOVES. BUCKSKIN GLOVES,.
.BLACK AXD FAXCT XECK TESS,
SILK AXD JIERIXO AXD COTTOX GLOVES,
BOOTS AXD SHOES OF ALL KIXDS.
Alo, a Good Assortment of
Paints, Oils, "Lead,
"Looking Glasses, Carpets, -
Wall Paper, Oil Cloths,
Window Shades, Curtains. -
Hardware, Tool, Table and Pocket
Crockery, all binds,
And manv other article?, too numerous to mention.
THE HIGHEST PRICE PAID FOR
of every description.
Come' and Examine My Steels.
Ilcfore Purchasing Elsevrltere.
NEW BRICK STORE! -I
Opposite tho Post Office, Albany.
Albany, j?cpt. SO, 1S65.
GOOD NEWS FOR
1. FLEISCHXER. BEX J. BBCXXEK.
J. FLEISCHNER & CO.
4 RE STILE AT THEIR OLD
2. STAXD, Corner of First and Wishingte
Where they are selling their large and ml selected
stock Goods .
Cheaper than any Other FJoase
Our Stock consists of
Dry Goods and Groceries, of all kind.
Ready Ulade Clothing,
Boots and Shoes,
Hats and Cmjm, &e.
Glass and Crockery Ware,
Paints and Oils,
Hardware, Nafils, 4e.
In fact, eTerytbrez the Farmer 'scedi. All of
which we will exchange for all kinb of
At the highest market price. W would not refute
Zf Yon don't believe We an SeSiajr
Cheap, call and see. '
an3 J. FLEISCHXER CO.
LOOK AT THIS !
GOODS BELOW COST!
KOHN & RICE,
SELLING OUT !
TO CLOSE BUSINESS!
IIVTEXDIIfG TO RETU1XX TO
the Sutes as early as practicable, w are deter
mined tt ' .
CLOSE OUT OUR ENTIRE KEY STCCX,
Which we brought on here in the Sprinj,
AT BELOW COST. ,
We wish the public to- grre ns a call Wore pur
chasing elsewhere, as we assure them we will offer
bargains for Cash or any kind of
Call at our Store in Nat H. Lane's old stand.
under Craoor & Helm's Law Office.
K.0IIN k BICE.
Albany, October J8, 1365. -. ;, ,
AT THE IWTIY STORE OX
10,000 Pounds Furs,
For which I will pay the highest nmrket price.
Albany, January 6, 1866.