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About The Albany register. (Albany, Or.) 1868-18?? | View Entire Issue (Feb. 12, 1875)
ALBANY, OREGON, FEBRUARY 12, 1875.
, S3 -4
c. r. reran.
A. HtIJ dc CO.,
Dealers In Merchandise and Produce. A
food assortment of all kinds of Goods al
ways in store at lowest market rates.
Agents for sale of Wagons, Crain Drills;
Cider Mills, Churns. Ac. c.
CASH pttU for WHEAT. OATS, PORK,
BUTTER, EGGS and 1'OUI.TRW
II. JJ. BOITGIITOX, 31. I.,
GRADCATR OF THE rXIVriWITY
Medical College of New York, late
ineralier of Bellovlen H spilal Medical Col
lege, New York, jkkick- In A. Cnrothers
Co.' drug Store, Albany, Oregou.
V CEO. It. H E EM,
Attorney and ('oanwlor nl Utwt
f -t ,?Al.DAXT. UREGOX. .
"tl7TLBtR ACTtCE hfALL THE Conrts
t T at t bt S' am. Offu-jc In fox's briefc.;
(tepstairsj First street. . 6v,
Has Just opened a fine stock of
Boots tib Shoos
California made, to which he invites the
attention of the citizens of Albany and i
cinity. bafGoods luannfactu red to order,
in latest styles, wiih lx-t of stock.. Store
corner Broa-lalhtn and First streets. Chas.
Mealey's old stand. Call and examine my
stock. Lul IS Rfc.HW ALU.
Albany, Oct. 16, 187-3 v7
rjHE CELEBRATED W. A. WOOD'S
REAPERS & MOWERS.
Ilitlne'a Headers, (Wood's improved.)
CqullIarrB Indlaus Farm Wagon
The Buasel and Vibrator Threshers,
(best machines on the coast.
Mta team nil Foreefeed Drill.
Htar Plows, and other niachines. -
Call. see. and get price and terms before
buying elsewhere, at my Blacksmith Shop,
corner seuouu anu i-usworin sts., AiDany,
SUV5 FEAXK WOOD.
It ROOM FACTORY !
W. D. BELDINC,
"TfTHO MAXCFACTURED THE FIRS!
II mmrrt U ...... M ..... -1 1.. lliu.,,.-
has returned from California, and located
permanently in tliir city, where he lias
aoaln commenced the manulacture of ail
Brooms, Brushes, Wisps,
e. at his factory on First street, at John
JHetEler" old stHii'l.east of Ma?nolia Mills,
where lie invites thone wtsliinsa tirst class
broom to call and secure it of him.
W. D. BELDING.
Albany, Oct. If., 1874-5v7
CHAS. B. XUKIAOCE. BOBT. 3t'CAI.I,ltT.
MOXTACiJiE & SI c ALLEY,
ARE NOW OPEXLVCi A M AGNIFICKNT
FALL & WIXTER GOODS !
selected wiih care, and bought for coin at
Scandalously Low Figure I
and as we bomrht low we can and will sell
them at prices that will
Come and sec our selections of
Kibbons, Collar, Collarettes,
Lacen, &e., Ac,
for tlie ladies, aud our complete lines of
of ail descnrtfons for men and boys. Also
full assortments of .
Groceries, Crecfcery & Glassware.
. for everybody.
The lwt poods, at th la west rates every
time. eirTJome and se.
Lebanon . Oregon, October 30, 1874.
AH. BELL A PARK KB, late of Oresron
. City, beg leave o inform the public
that they have nnrchased the otitlrp stottk
nt drns, medicines. Ac., formerly owned
by R. C. Hill A Son. and that they design
continuing the business at the old stand,
where thev pnrnose keeping lu the future
m full assortment of
' Toilet Article.
and everything usually found in a flrst
das dru store.
While earmtstlv soliciting a continuance
of the lioeral patronage heretofore extend
ed to t he cld house, we hope at the seme
time, by fair and liberal dealing, and care
ful attention to the wants of customers, to
merit the esteem of any kkw friends who
may favor us with their orders.
Pari icn In r attention will be given to the
compounding of physician's prescriptions
and fittnily recipes, at all hours of the day
A. II. BELL A PABKER.
Successor to K. C. HILI. A Sojr.
Albany, October 9, 7J-n41f
WAR CLAIM AGENCY.
(Xo. St Montgomery Block.) :
8 AX FR AXCISCO, CAL.
W. H. AIKEX, ATTORXEY-AT-LAW
and Commander of the (.rand Army
at the Republic in California and Nevada,
will give prompt attention to the collec
rion of Additional Travel Pay, now Une
Caiilornia d Xerada Tolunteers dis
charged more than three hundred miles
fMu home. Soldinrs can depend on fair
rieaiing. Information given free of charge.
WiHsn writing enclose stamp for reply and
state onmmnrand regiment, and whether
?'M have a discharge. Congrexa has en
endad the time for tiling claims for Ad
ditional Bounty nnder Act of July 28, Wfio.
to January 187A. so all such claims must be
made liefore that time, ttriglnal Bounty
of two has bmm allowed all volunteers who
enlisted before July 2iL 151 for three
veara. if not paid the same when discharg
ed. Land Warrants ran can be obtained
for services rendered before but not
for service. ) in I he late wr. Pensions fol
iate war and war of 1813 obtained and
increased when allowed for less than dis
ability warrants, but no pensions are -allowed
to Mexican and Florida war soldiers,
atateof Texas has granted Pensions to stir
tiir raters tis of Texas Revolution. Sow
mmai and Mobile Prize Money Is now
1U to (JBral Law and Collection Bnsi
peB. , ..... 4-6m f
SAM'Ij. e. young,
Wholesale and Retail Dealer in
BOOTS & SHOE?,
REAPERS & MOWERS,
First street, Aluanjv Oregon.
. jTenn. Oassh.
- MUv7 -
llertVs . tbe Place !
Hajs received and Is offering for sale a well
' selected stock o'f , ,
' Which he is -determined to sell
AT THE LOWEST PRICES
Cash, or MercliaiitalJle Produce !
Please give me a call, and examine
Goods and Prices.
S. M. LAl'UIITOX.
LclMiion, Or. 13v7
O. S. S- CO.
FROM ASD 'AFTER DATE, CXTIL
fuitbcr notice, freight from
POKTLAXI) to ALBAM
OXE DOLLAR PER TOM
ATI down freisrbt will be delivered at
PORTLAND or ASTORIA
Free of Drayage and IVharr
ge. At Reduced Rates.
Boats will leave ALBAXY for COBVAL
L1S or POUTLAX 1
For further particulars, apply to
BEK II Si MOXTE1TII,
Albany, Xov. 21, "74-12 AKenta
PARKER & MORRIS1
ITew Elevator !
IS SOW READY FOR THE REITP
tion of wheat and onrs. We call theat
lention of farmers to the fact that we have
erected the finest warehouse in the Slate,
n' a itirre exnense,-ancl are in poilloii to
'istndle sai isfactority an ituinense qnnn
ilty of gratn. Our bouse has a capacity for
200,000 tuslicls of Wheal
at one time, and Is located on the margin
of the WlliametteKiver.snd provided with
a side track from the u. & C. It. It., so that
shimnents may lie made dally by rail. ami
as often by wuierasiMMitmgfaciiifiesonVr.
We have two large suction ltins, in addi
tion to other funs, attuclied lo the house,
run by water power, and are thus pre
all the wheat received. Can take In and
clean 10.0(10 bushel per day. Cleaned wheat
is worth much more in all foreign markets
than foul wheat, and none should be ship
ped witliotit cleaning. Ourcharges will lie
Ave cents a bushel on wheat, and four
cents on oats. Wo have
SIXTY THOUSAND SACKS
to furnish those storing wheat with us,
free to those whose wheat we purchase,
and at the lowest cash price to those who
sell their wheat from our house to otlier
buyers. Persons storing with us are at
lilierty to sell lo whom thev please. Those
who reside on t he west side of t ho river
will have ferriage free. Will be in the
market as buyers, and exnect to be able to
pay the highest possible price. Having
prepared ourselves to do a large business,
we hope for our share of the public pat
xonage. PARKER MORRIS,
JurySIn47-S ; Albany, Oregon.
Bath Hous? & Barber Shop
rpHE CNDERSIGXED would respectfully
X. thank the citizens of Albany and vi
cinity for the liberal patronage bestowed
on lifin for the past seven years, and hopes
for the fin urea continuation of their fa
vors. For the accommodation of transient
customers, and friends in the upper part
of town, he has opened a neat little sbop
next door to Taylor A Montgomery's Sa
loon, where a good workman wtil aiways
be In attendance to wait upon natrons.
lec. 1U 1874. JOE WEBBER.
Silver-PIated Ware !
TCST RECEIVEI, A FULL IX VOICE
(J of Roffrs' MIver-Pla4ed More,
Mirer fcteel alery, etc.. direct from
the Factory. We will sell Table Spoons at
t3 per sot, and Teaspoons at tl AO, and oth
er goods proportionately low.
IiSTET ORGANS' SOLD AT THE M. .
'J Parsonage, Alliany, on the most favor
able terms. The ESTEY OhOAN has been
pronounced the best by tha most compe
tent Judges. Lot.'t buy any other until
you nave seen and beard these In'sutiful
uil'rumenU. L WILfeOX.
Neatly executed, ,
Call at the Register OQee.
Some weeks ago we Informed the
readers of the Kegister that we had
been for some time past engaged in
gathering facts and statistics with re
garJ to Linn county, ot general In
terest, which we proposed to give to
them through the columns of the pa
per as soon as we could properly ar
range and write them up. We have
striven throughout to give a "plain,
unvarnished tale," withtn$ exaggera
tion or deviating a hairs breadth from
the truth ; and while we have claimed
for Linn county the first and highest
place among the agricultural counties,
not only in Oregon, but on the Pacific
coast, we, believe Vie fact will bear us
out in our claim. A Jarge amount of
partially gathered statistics remahi iu.
nr -hatiUd until - some , future .day,
When time ami opportunity and means
haa enabled us to. make them f&tf nnd
complete. W preferretl to do tub.
wither than to mar the picture by a
half-told tale. We therefore submit
the subjoined, feeling that If the mat
ters treated of have no otlier merit,
tliey at least have the stamp ot a genu
ine purpose to write nothing but the
IJXX COl'STY TASIOCS IXFOR
I 9IATIOX. -
.Linn county, lying on the east
bank of the Willamette river, itr' the
heart of the Willamette valley, when
compared with other localities of the
same extent of territory, for fertility
of soil and capacity of agricultural and
maunf;ictiu-iug resources, is not
equalled by any other county in the
State of Oregon, or even on the Pacific
coast. Bounded on the north by
Marion county, east by the Cascade
mountains, south by Lane county and
West by the Willamette river. Linn
county covere an area, of 1.764,480
acres, almost every foot of which is
rich arable land which, when culti
vated, produces in Immense quantities
not Only the finest wheat in the world,
but oats, barley, flax, fruit' of all
kinds, and. hi fact, almost all the ag
ricultural productions of industry and
wealth. About 200,000 acres of laud
are hi cultivation, producing of wheat
aloue last season, a crop variously
estimated at from 1.000,000 to 1.200.000
bushels. From 78 to 85 bushels ot
oats per acre of ten acres, weighing
from 41 to 43 pounds to tlte bushel,
luive been realized in Linn county,
while 43 busltels per acre of witeat
hare leen yields of frequent occur
rence. But, owing to -I'm- ftiMrcW'0
manlier in which land is generally
cultivated in Oregon, the average
yield of .wheat per acre is put at a
lower figure than in some of the older
Suites, aud will hardly exceed 13 to 20
bushels. With better farming the
average will be from five to ten bushels
"The general geological features of
Linn county, give indications of a sed
imentary formation, with but Mule of
a mineral character till you approach
the Cascade range ot nionntnliis. The
soil along the banks of the rivers is
composed of sand, vegetable matter,
and various decomposed earth, and
may be considered strictly alluvial,
being washed : by the current from
above. The soil is very fertile, pro
ducing all the cereals,' corn, tobacco,
and the various kinds of vegetable
and roots, of! the most luxuriant
growth. The prairie . lands which
compose a large portlon-of this county,
are a dark, calcareous loam and vege
table mold, of exceeding tine quality,
specially adapted to the production of
all kinds of cereals, altltongh roots,
vegetables, fruit, and the various tame
grasses flourish correspondingly wel'
with grain. The soil is easily worked,
very mellow, and but little affected
with dionth. The general character
of the soli of the hill lands Is a reddish
clay loam, of good quality, producing
vegetables, fruit and grain, when cul
tivated, hut generally is better adapted
to grazing and stock raising than
otlier farming purposes. Gold, silver,
and other metals are to be had hi the
Cascade range, but so tar, at least, the
agricltural wealth of the county practi
cally exceeds tlie mineral resources,
and the people have ' wisely turned
their attention to the cultivation of
the soli." ';'; '
Tlie Oregon & California Railroad
runs the entire length ot the county,
near forty miles affording. In addition
to ihe Willamette river on its western
boundary, splendid transportation fa
cilities. - ; i -
Tlie Albany & Santiam Canal, con
necting the waters of the Santiam at
Lebanon with the- waters of the Wil
lamette at Albany, a distance of about
fourteen miles, and 'passing through
the rich and productive soil of Albany
Prairie, affords facilities tor the trans
portation ot lumber from tlie moun
tains and the products of the soil along
iu banks that have proved largely
beneficial during the past season, and
will prove more and more advan
tageous in the coming years. The
Canal Also affords an almost inexhaus
tible water power, which is destined,
we believe, to build up a vast manu
facturing interest in this city at no
distant day. I .
Tbe-Caliponia river, which empties
into the Willamette river , at the ritv
of Albany; forming the western Hue
of the city for a short distance, fum
es a splendid power, which is being
utilraeil by the Magnolia and Citv
Mills two of the largest and most suo
cessful flouring mills In the State.
The population of tlie county Is now
estimated at between 12,u00 and 13,-
000, with an assessable property val
uation ot about (4.500,000.
Coal deposits have been found in tlie
southeastern portions of the county,
but a3 yet their true value has hot been
fully developed. ? -f .
"The navigable waters of the Wil
lamette river form the river line of the
western bounds ry of the county, a dis
tance of nearly forty milts. Tlie
western portion is' a level or gently
undulsting prairie, .about '' forty-one
miles from nortb to south," with an
average breadth of' fifteen miles from (
east to wet. .The prairie lands are
frequently ntersectedT by small rivers
and creeks, of pure living water, with .
occasional beMs"Qt timber, and com
prises thehros I hkkly settled portion,
of the couwty. The'fiice ot the county
iheii gradually rises into hills, as you
approach: the eastern boundary, till
yon reach the summit of -the Cascade
mountains covered with dense forests
of fir, cedar and pine. The hill lands
are settled a distance of about ten
miles eastward, and almost tlie entire
length of the county from north to
sou ill. giving an area to the-settled
portion of the county of over six hun
dred thousand acres.
"Linn county has three natural di
visions, the first of which is that por
tion lying betweea the Xortli and
South Stintiam tivers known as tlie
'Forks of the Santiam.' This por
tion is again almost equally divided
by the Thomas and Crabtree forks.
The general nature of Ihe soil here
is rich and fruitful. It is better ad
apted to the growtiig of wheat and oats
than any other kinds ot grain ; while
as to stock raising Oregon cannot pro
duce a better locality, and vegetables
and fruit grow to an enormous size.
Here are to be found fir, cedar, pine,
oak, ash. maple and alder, conven
iently located, and well ad-ipted to
farming, lumbering aud general bus
iness purposes. The water in this
portion of the county is excellent, in
tact not surpassed perhaps in the
world, and is abundantly supplied by
creeks permeating the county hi every
direction, from three to four miles
apart only, while the finest of springs
abound everywhere. Tlie general
health is good. The forests are inex
liamtible, furnishing the very best of
lumber, while the mountains and
gulches are believed to be rich In
uiiucraU wealth. The "Forks of the
S.tiiliam Li doubtless more equally di
vided with timber, and water to the
amount, of prairie land, than any other
portion of Oregon. The Forks con
tain nearly one-third of the entire
population of Linn county. There
are a number of sawmills in this divis
ion. The second division of the county is
embraced between tlie Santiam river
aud Callpooia creek, a stream that
rises iu the Cascade mountains and
runs west and northwest, emptying
into the Willamette at Albany. This
division, as a farming region, cannot
be excelled on the Pacific coast. It Is
rich as cream,' aud almost a level
plain, from the river on tlie west to
the hills on tlie east, an a verage dis
tance ot fifteen miles. The general
nature of the soil is a black loam with
a clay subsoil, , producing large crops
ot grain, ' such' as ' wheat, oats flax,
etc., and is well adapted to stock rais
ing, producing both wild and tame
grasses in abundance. The water for
family use is equal to tli.it of other J
portions of the State, and tlie climate
is mild, temperate aud healthy. Tlie
advantages for common school educa
tion are not surpassed by any other
section on tlie coast, a every district
has a good school-house and maintains
a good school. Most of the different
religious denominations are fully rep
resented, and neat church edifices dot
Ihe country everywhere, and religious
worship is held tn a majority of them
every recurring Sabbath. Tlie price of
lauds vary with location, quality aud
improvements, ; front- $15 to $40 per
acre. . -''. " '-"
The third division is located be
tween the Calipooia and tlie south line
of tlie county, having an average
length of twenty-five miles, with a
breadth of about twelve miles of level
land, with a valley extending up the
Caltpoota a dlstnce of say fifteen
miles. Settlements extend back Into
the hills, aud some of tlie finest timber
common to the Willamette valley Is
found in this locality." ,
The., grounds of the Linn County
Agricultural Association, located about
one mile south of tlie corporate limits
of tlie city of Albany, are noted for
their extent, convenience ana beauty
of location. Here each recurring sea
son exhibitions of tlie industry, skill
and agricultural wealth of the county
are exhibited that are not only an
honor to the people of the county, but
would really be a credit iu any section
iu the older States.
In portions of the county, hill lands
covered with tlie rich and juicy bunch
grass (and there is, nothing better Tor
fatteniug-stock), can be purchased for
from l 25 to t5 per acre. The
prairie or valley lands are Iield higher.
ud wry little it any can be obtained
now at a less figure than say from $15
to $25 per acre, while lands lying along
the railroad and near the larger towns
can not be obtained, as a general rule,
for less tlian from $25 to $50 per acre.
Orchards abound ; scarcely a farm in
the older settled portions of the county
that does not contain an orchard of
fruit trees such as apple, pear, plums
cherry, etc., while the most luscious
grapes currants, gooseberries, black
berries raspberries and huckleberries
are easily cultivated, and yield enor
mously. Strawberries too, are easily
cultivated, and grow to an enormous
size. ' :-
Our Winters, to new comers at j
least, are rather dreary, as, generally
speaking.:-- there Is a ' '-continual
eeitse'' of cloudy, lalny weather for
three months and some times even
longer fJbat to compensate for this
oar summers ejid Knutainm are dis- 1
tingulshed for their dryness and almost
entire absence'of rain, and tee genera!
prevalence of , brlglit. sunshine . and
even tempetattrrex We are seldom,
visited with "extremes" lh tlie weather
line ; it is only "at long Interval that
we have excessively hot days the
thermometer seldom getting as high
as 90"' during the day, in summer, and
tiien never continuing for more than
three or four days while the nights
are Invariably cool enough to enable
you to sleep between blankets with
comfort. The present has been tlie
coldest winter known in upwards of
twenty-tour years and so far we have
had but one day and night in which
the mercury fell below zero. At the
present writing the mercury indicates
40 above zero.
To the independent farmer of the
East, who has means and wishes to
avoid the biting frosts and blinding
snows of winter, so prevalent in the
States east ot the Rocky mountains
Linn county, as well as almost the
entire Willamette Valley,' offers a
mild, healthful climate, pure water.
the advantages of a navigable river,
and a railroad passing through her
entire length, with a soil tliat for pro
ductiveness cannot be excelled it
equalled by any of the rich and far-
famed valleys of the older States ; and
whilst lauds in these old States com
mand from $100 to $200 per acre, and
even hljrlier figures lauds tn Linn
county,' combining the luxuriant pro
ductiveness of the South with the
health and vigor of the North, can be
obtained at figures ranging from one-
fourth to one-twentieth lower. To
the mechanic, tradesman, manufac
turer, or capitalist. Linn county holds
out inducements for investment tliatt
'guarantee rich dividend? and speedy
Cities nod Villages in Linn county
location, population, resources,
etc., ete. .
First, by right of its location in tlie
heart of the first division ot Linn
comity, aud its being one of tlie oldest
towns in the county, must be men
tioned the far-famed
KCIO. OF THE FORKS.
This Independent little city, the
commercial centre of tlie Forks is an
incorporated city, beautifully located
on the fertile bank3 of Thomas creek,
a tributary of tlie Santiam. "From
its Invincible position as the centre
of the Forks of the Santiam, and the
energetic spirit of its inhabitants, Scio
will ever continue the grand depot of
transportation and for tlie imports and
exports of this truly inviting territory.
Wiiiiln the immediate past, many im
provements have been made in its
business facilities. Two large and
commodious buildings have been added
to tlie list of mercantile houses since
the dawn of 1874. Besides these.
Messrs. Irvine & Morris liave enlarged
and fitted up a flue store-room, which
they are fast filling up with a really
magnificent stock of goods These
new additions have swelled tlie origi
nal number ot stores tf six, all doing
a lively business selling merchandise
during 1874 aggregating nearly $100,
000. Two drug stores supply" the
necessary materials tor preparing the
prescriptions of the three local physici
ans And various otlier articles which
the public demand. : The next in order
follows the three saloons where a
goodly number of the generous, fuhabi
tants imbibe, more1 or less freely, the
sparkling beverages. During the sea
son just past, five furnaces have been
kept in full blast by tlie labors of as
many blacksmiths turning but a con
siderable amount of substantial work.
Still continuing ine enumeration, we
remember the two hotels for supplying
the wants of the inner man ; two liv
ery stables a carpenter shop, harness
tthop, two cabinet shops two boot and
shoe shops & tin and stove store, two
butcher shops and a picture gallery
We would not forget to mention tlie
4'Sclo Flouring. Mills' which enjoy
the pleasing reputation of doing the
most custom-work of any mills in the
State, besides keeping a run of mer
chant burrs in constant operation.
"At present there is but one church
in the place ; but subscription lists are
hi circulation, and hopes are enter
tained of the erection of a flue M.
Church before tlie close of the coming
"The District School, nnder tlie su
perior management of Prof. Hewitt,
assisted by Miss Kirkpatrick, is in a
most flourishing condition. Several
advanced classes have been in attend
ance during the past year, and pro
nounce H thorough In Its coarse.
"The. Masonic fraternity have a -fine
hall on-Main street, where they hold
their regular" monthly meetings and
perform .their aerial perambulations
on the 'goat's back. The Grangers
are also largely represented, and have
full and regular meeting. r-
"Among the noteworthy organiza
tions existing in Scio, is the Hook and
Ladder Company, which lately suc
ceeded so successfully in extinguish
ing a fire that promised a woful des
truction of property."
The country surrounding the city
is of the most fertile nature, and judg
ing from the number of plows we saw
taken from the shops during our so
journ, tne lurmers are utilizing the
fact.' ' ' ' ," ;
First, in the" second division. Is the
sblreWwn r county seas the thriving
eity'of..' ''- ;-: ' " ' '
situated on the east bank or the WD
lamette; tfBotit seventy-five Miles sooth
of Portland, and ls"the'most extensive "
shipping point south of the latter. . In
fact it is to-day the 'liveliest town in
OregoBi' " "It Is particularly noted
for Its hlghmiuded and public spirited
citizens who have spared no pains to
make it a place where moral, religions
and educational advantages may be
enjoyed, And its founders have now
the satisfaction of seeing it one of the
most prosperous cities in the State."
A fine brick court-house, costing near
$40,000. adorns the central portion of
the city. Within the same block may
also be seen one of the hfrndsomest
brick jails lu the State, costing about
$11,000. Just east of the court-house
block, stands the district school-house,
capable of accommodating over two
hundred seliolars and costing $4,500.
A few blocks south stands Albany
Collegiate Institute, " fine two-story
frame, costing some $3,000. In ad
dition to these, there are four neat
churches capable ot seating from four
to six hundred people each ; a large
and commodious public hall, called
tlie Pacific Opera House, capable of
seating probably 1,000 persons re
cently erected," is a great convenience
to our citizens. Buildings generally
are constructed of wood, but there are
on First street,- the principal business
street of the .city, thirteen large brick
business, houses and on Washington
street, corner of 1 bird, an elegant
brick residence. The city owns a very
neat two-story hall, the upper story,
being divided into- two rooms one of
which is appropriated for the meetings
ot AlDany- Fn-e. Company Nott 1, and
is carpeted and nicely fitted up, while
tlie other is used for the semi-monthly
meetings of tlie City Council, and as a
court-room by the City Kecorder.
The lower room is used to house the
fire engine belonging to the Fire Com
pany. A number of fire cisterns lrnve
been dug at the intersection of streets
in the more densely populated por
tions of the city, which, together with
the Albany & Santiam Canal which
runs across the city front on Eighth
street, affords a fair supply of water
in case of fire. A system of drainage
has also been inaugurated which.
when fully carried out, will thoroughly
drain the streets ot water, and greatly
add Ho the sanitary condition of tlie
city. Side and crosswalks checker tlie
city in every direction, affording pedes
trians safe and dry footways at all
seasons of the year.
The United Presbyterians have an
elegant little church on tlie corner of
Washington and Fifth streets, with
Bev, S. G. Irvine as pastor. 3-
The Congregational society have a
somewhat larger churcli, on the corner
of Ferry and Fourth. The Presby
terian society lately united with the
Congregationallsts. KeV. Dr. E. R.
Geary of tlie former Church, officiates
occasionally, we believe, but the socie
ties have not as yet secured the ser
vices of a stated minister. " '
The M. E. Church edifice stands oq
tlie corner of Ellsworth and Third
streets and is presided over by Rev.
The Baptists have a comfortable
church at the northeast corner of
Montgomery and Second streets, at
present presided over by Rev. Dr.
The M. E. Church South, Christian
Churcli, United Brethren and other
Christian denominations are more or
less represented, and liave occasional
Two passenger trains arrive and
depart from tlie city dally except Sun
day, one going north to Portland. 75
miles tile other going south to Kose
burg, about the same distance. Fare
to Portland, $4 ; to Boseburg. $8.
Freight trains pass over tlie road tri
weekly from Portland to Junction
City, about 30 miles south of this city,
in Lane county, during a portion of
the year; at other times li eight trains
pass dally. In addition to these, an
accommodation train leaves this city
each week-day morning for Portland,
remains several lurs and returns
each evening fare, $3 50. During a
greater portion of tlie year two lines
of packets ply tlie Willamette between
Uils city and Portland daily, besides
an independent tri-weekly line. The
independent Hue is building a new
steamer, with the intention of making
dally trips during the coning season.
The rot"1" leading out of !h city in
every direction, dnring the Summer-5
and Fall, are no to be excelled tn any
country; during the Winter and early
Spring tbe mm! is somewhat ot a
drawback, fen no worse than, the
"mud roads Iu the older States In
fact, much superior to many of the
prairie roads in Illinois with which
we were aforetime pretty well ac
. MILLS AND WARinOTTSlS.
The City Mills at toot of Ferry
street, on tbe Willamette river, owned
by Messrs. Thomas Mootelth and
Dermis Beach, nave four run of stone.
with a capacity of 200 barrels of flour
per day. Storage capacity, 105,000
bushels. The mill machinery Is pro
pelled by a 48-inch tmblne wheel.
Water is oVtahsed from tlie Calipool
river, being brought to the mills
ttirongTy a ditch along tlie Willamette
river front. Cos about $30,000.
The Magnolia Mills near the month
of the Cailpoela, at the Westera.tef
minus or First, street, owneu oy .lienors.
Jas. ITariil John Foster, have five
rnn'of stone, With a capacity of about
400 barrels of flour per day. Storage)
capacity, 75,000 bushels. Power fur
nished by 3-43-Inchr Leffel turbine ' '.
wheels. Cost about $40,000. . .
Farmers' Warehouse, between Jack
son and Jefferson streets 40x60,-43
feet high ; capacity 105,000 bushels.
Morris & Parker's' warehouse, at
foot of Jefferson : capacity 200.000
bushels. Cost $12,000. Elevators run
C. D. Simpfott's warehouse at foot
of Ellsworth street. 100x23 ; capacity,
100,000 bushels. Steam elevators
P. 43. Harper & Co.'s warehouse,
on corner Of First aud Ellsworth
streets, 00x66 feet ; capacity ,G5,000
sacks. Cost $5,000.
Jas. H. Foster A Co.'s warehouse.
between Broadalbln and Ellsworth
streets, on bank of the Willamette ;
capacity, 40,000 bushels.
L. E. Blaln & E. Sox, warehouse
between Lyon and Baker streets ;
capacity,' S 00, 000 bushels; cost, $8,
000. ' ', -
BUSINESS ASD TRADES REPRESEXTED. '
Albany lias 7 dry eoods houses 2
hardware houses. 4 millinery stores 5
grocers 5 saloons 2 breweries 1 book
store, 8 smithies 4 wagon shops, 2 -saddle
and harness shops, 2 livery
stablasa hotels and a number of pri- .,
vate boarding houses 6 boot and shoe
manufactories 5 tin turn stove stores
tfroz stores 2 tanors 2 nnuriuz
mills 1 saw mill, 5 grain warehouses
2 plaining mills 1 foundry and ma.
chine shop. 3 paint shops 2 jewiry
tores J barber shops, 2 printing offices
where three weekly papers are printed.
2 gunsmiths 1 cooper shop, 1 turning
U$Uieand2,lieQOHfistorles. .. -
There are ten reshieut i-nnysicians .
and ten members of the legal profes
sion in tlie city.
The asrzregate business or the cuy
last vear.' including the transactions V
of the mills and warehouses amounted
to, if it did not exceed, $1,000,000.
BUILDINGS ERECTED DURING 1S74, AXD
A few of tlie buildings enumerated
below were not completed till the be
ginning of the present year.
A. C. Lavton. one story box dwelling, r
southwest corner of Lyon aud 7th streets ;
M. M. Hart, two storv frame dwelling.
northwestcorner of Lyon and 6th streets ;
Jno. Fmhav. one and a half story frame .
dwelling, northwest corner Lyon and 4th
streets: s, iw-
F. M. Rnmbangh, two story box broom
factory Lyou between 3d and itli streets;
(jeo. W. Young, 1 story frame dwelling,
northwest corner of Lyon aad 3d streets ;
N . Price. 1 X story frame dwell lnor .son th
west corner Lyon and 81 streets ; il.300.
v . l. Mimn. one siory dox uwemng, ue.
tween Sd and Sd on Lyon street ; SVi.
8. Vanwindle, 1 story dwelling. Water
street between Lafayette aud Thurston ;
J. F. McCoy, one story box frame sad
dle and harness shoo 1-t street, between
Ellsworth and Broadalbln ; SSOO.
C. Barnes and O. F. Settlemelr. two story '
business house, corner Broadalbln and 1st
Streets ; S1.J0O.
Collar Atiraf.two story frame, furniture .
warerootrts 1st street between Broadalbln.
and Ellsworth ; 1,000. j . -
A. B. Porter, one story, office. Baker, be
tween 1st street and tbe Willamette river ;
J. r. Hard, SB w-m ill. on bank Willamette
river, between Montgomery and ttaUroad
streets: $7,000. . . ."m ,i
Mr. Kees one story frame dwelling, Sd
street between Baker and Montgomery ;
G."Hoehstedler, X story frame dwelling
norl beast corner of Montoim.ry and 4ln
ii t I'OiJtj 4700
U. w'eed, 1 Vstory frame dwelling, corner
Thurston and Sd "l?LMm
Wm. Huston, one story box dwMNnff.em
street between Montgomery and Railroad;
M'. Bcott. one story box dwelling, corner
Railroad and S'l streets ; 30.
B. MUlsTt wo 8tor" frame dwelling, south
west corner Jackson and 8d streets $1,000.
8. Montgomery, barn, northwest corner
Elm and 8th streets; $150.
E. Sloan, ltf story frame dwelling. Llm
between Hth and Sth streets; with improve
! K. Taylor, one story frame dwelling,
0th street between Callpooia and. Vine;
L F. Conn, two story frame dwelling,
sonthwest corner Washington and 3d sis.;
Goorge Wollor. I V story frame dwelling.
Sd street lietween Callpooia and Washm.
J. M. Merrick, one story box saloon
Washington between 1st anxt l sts.; mm.
Thompson A Irvine, one story box sbop
on alley in rear of brick shop on 1st St.;
J. H. Foster, one story box, business
house, 1st street east ot Kerry ; $0U.
J. H. Foster, one story box barber shop
1st street west of Broadali4a ; $300.
R. M. Roberlon, one story box meat
market -south side of ,1st street, west of
Broadalbln ; $400. , - "
Dr. O. P. H. Plnmmr. one story box
drag store north slue of feebstreet east of
L. Elklns one story frame dwelling, 3d
between Ferry and Broaduiiiln ; $4.10. -
Mrs. 4. M. Flsn, two- story frame dwell
Ing, northeast corner Washington and Hth
streets ; 2.000. , -
Mr. Wooding, one storr box dwelling,
Sth between Washington "and Ferry sts.;
L. E. Blaln and E. Sox-wareltonse-Sth
street lietween Lyon and Baker; ,0MI.
K. M. Robertson, two story dwelling,
corner Lvon iti! w.ts; 4,000. ,
Wra.WcMi" s tirr dwelling, Lyon
bet-ween Stli k.. .',s; 1,000.
Mrs. Kusseh, (te a ' wobing, cor
ner Lyon and 7fh sic :,..
Mrs. Gun land, om t'""'nf.
7th street between Ljt i
Albany Farmers Co... w.uwi, -i ot
Jefferson street ; $1,031. ' j ". . .
I Parker Morns, .sreuwi
Thurston street; SI2,0uO. ,.
fConti.-.ncd on tlghlh paje. , ,