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About The Albany register. (Albany, Or.) 1868-18?? | View Entire Issue (Jan. 22, 1875)
WIUUU ITIIT VKTDAT BT
COLL. YAK CLBYE.
AIDANT. - - - OREGON.
- I TAN THE TERRIBLE.
Precisely at what time the faithful
.. mad affectionate subjects of his MaieatT
ui me aubsim, oon
f awed upon him his pet name, "The
- Terrible," history neglects to inform ua,
Ttut we are left in no uncertainty as to
the entire appropriateness of the title,
which is - now inseparably linked with
lus baptismal name. : He inherited the
throne at the age of 3 years, and his
wjiy eonoBHon was eareznliy attended
to by Jus faithful guardians, who snnb-
bed and seared him, in the hope that
hey might so far weaken his intellect as
. to secure a permanent oontrol over him,
end through him govern Russia as they
pleased. They made a footstool of him
sometimes, and a football at others,
and, under their system of training, the
development of those qualities of mind
- and heart fox which he is celebrated was
remarkably rapid. He was always Ivan
the terrified, and he became Ivan the ter
rible before he was old enough to have
played a reasonably . good game of mar
wes, or to have become tolerably expert
.W us jx mum uimg me peg. indeed,
would, seem that, the young grand
Prince was wholly insensible to the joys
3f these and the other excellent sports
ut which onunary youtn aeiignt, and.
being of an ingenious turn of mind, he
invented others better suited - to his
tastes and character One of these
pastimes, perhaps the first and sim-
pteat one devised bv the vouthfnl nina
consisted ta the dropping of cats.- does.
. and other domestic animals, from - the
sop 01 tne palace to the pavement below.
Mmumenar Historians nave con-
struct ed these interesting experiments
upon uie law 01 gravitation into cruelty.
oauwer 01 uu young uzar s amuse
ments was to turn half -famished pet
bears loose upon passing pedestrians,
and it is the part of charity to suppose
that nis purpose in this was to study
the psychological' and physiognomioal
way he had of accomplishinir the same
au: . j. 1 j.i - .
uuuk was uj luruwiug, or, as youuiiui
Americans phrase it, shying stones
at passers by, concealing himself mean
while behind a screen. He cultivated
his skill in horsemanship by riding
over elderly people, cripples, and chil
dren. In short,- his boyish sports were
au ox an original ana Highly interest
XTp to the. age of 13 . Ivan was under
the tutelage ,of a council, of which the
. -frtnce snuisky was chief, and it was
' this Prince who domineered over the
a. .. .3 J J L 1 3 i 1
- - wj uiu uiauB iuursiiooi ana a iootDaii
of his body. At that acre Ivan asserted
... . bis independence in a very positive and
', emphatic way, which even the Prince
Shuisky- could not misapprehend. The
young Czar was out hunting, accom
panied by - Shuisky and other Princes
And hnTAnlfL finnnff vhnm was Pnnna
utiaisxy, a rival oi onuissy s, wno was
prejudiced against that excellent crentle-
xdan. At his suggestion, Ivan addressed
bis gnanhan Shuiskv in lanc-nacn whir-.h
the latter deemed insolent. Shuisky re
plied angrily, and Ivan requested his
aogs to remonstrate witn tne .Prince.
which they did by tearing him limb
from limb, ri . -
Having thus silenced the dictation o
-fthimky. the? young Prince became the
ward nf fhn nn Irani nTmllnnt fllnint-ir
and was carefully taught that the only
way in which he could effectually assert
- authority was by punishment. It was
made clear to bis budding intellect, too,
that the shortest, .simplest, and al-
... together the best way to get rid of dis
agreeable people, was to put them to
UqUl, UU UUDOgBOBi A1S IX1U XYELH
' never forgot this lesson fer a single mo
ment.. Power, he was told, was worth
less unless it was used. and. the onlv
: way in which it could be really used was
. by oppression. For three years no pains
run bubuiju au mm a.ii i m hvhu'ui car
. ethics - and politics, and the young
Prince, in his anxiety to perfect himself
in the art of governing, diligently prac
ticed au inese precepts. y
.Whenjhe was 17 years of age he was
xormauy crownet uzar. xne citizens,
, ignorant of tne truths of political econ
' my and the principles of governmental
science underlying the ! young Czars
l ii jt j 2 ' j
:;. mjautia, unwue uwawu uu ueu wo
tw one nvht. , When Tvan ftvntA ha
. -was tetrised, . being of an abnormally
' nervous temperament, ' and the appari-
wivu va av w m iiiiift imvm ivgviatv ntwt
- - 4-Vi.ca iftAnAtina- at Anao4.afa a 1 WAnrtv
I fivn Af av wsrAmt-rt tnAnV wurnfftAv wifh
- U9 mil wjxv a a j ? iw wi wuv j uug
Czarina, led the . Czar to abandon tne
srimnla and. miraiarhtSarvrarA mMJirclit tit
r government in which he had been bred,
and for thirteen years, under the dicta-
tion of Alexis Adascheff and the monk
Bvlvester, Ivan devoted himself to the
AnmmoiiTthuse emnlovments of develorv.
ing Russia politically and Boci&lly. He
dismissed his Ministers and put others
in . their places. . He reorganized the
army ; revised tne ooue . in tne in teres
m "V a. , ' X ' . 1 " a .
OX KDISbraC JlUUm, UttXUK3Vl HOCBB
' ments ; subdued the Tartars ; establish-
tiers ; laid the foundation for the future
work which was completed so grandly
under; Peter the Ureas ; introduced
printing into Bussia; added greatly to
her possessions ; checked the abuses of
her clergy ; brought artists from West
. em. Europe, and in a hundred ways
made himself famous by doing those
things which historians love to chronicle-
. ...." .-'.y.v
Meanwhile, his genius for governing
. upon the Oluiskian system lay dormant.
It was net dead, but slept, and after its
. nap of thirteen years it awoke one day,
refreshed. . Anastatia, . the beautiful
Queen, whose influence had been su
preme for so long a time, died, and
Ivan was free again, -i Ha recalled an
old .Bishop who had been banished for
; his crimes, and consulted him as to his
future course. tt -' .t ' f t j -i .. ;ii
" you wish to be truly a sovereign,"
sairt this eminent prelate, "never seek
a counselor wiser than yourself ; never
O0lI advice frm ny man. Com
but never obey ; and yon will be
JhA1 toe boyards. Bemember
-5tL; who ls Permitted to begin by
.rtauTto end by ruling hi
Inte01 sort suited to
iTMl wto location, and for re
SyiJg : good Shop's hand,
precepto abundactJytSfts? BlahoP 8
His Ministers and advisers bain
maesUy wiser than he, andUereforf
S kJe pror Mnd ot People X
Ihave about, he straightway Wished
them. He the began a diligent
. search for their partisans, .some of
1 whom h put to death, condemning oth
ers to imprisonment and torture. He
next turned his attention to his own
housshold, which he was resolved upon I
ruling BDsoiuteiy, at least, if not.well.
One of the Princes made himself disagreeable-
bv ' declining In navMnno:
freely in the pleasures of the place, and
for the sake of domestic harmony, Ivan
had him poniarded while he waa at his
prayers. Another so far overstepped
e bounds of eourtesv and rmnn'ut a
to remonstrate with one of the new fa
vorites upon his improper conduct, and
Iyan, in order that there might be no
bickerings and! hard feelings in his
family, slew the discourteous Prince
witfl nis own nana.
-xie was in tne nabitof carrying an
iron rod about with him, and he had a
piayxm way of striking his friends with
it now and then, merely for his amuse
ment." His pleasantries of this and
other ' like sorts, were endless. One
day Prince Boris, a boyard, came to
pay nis respects to the Czar, and as he
oowed to tne ground, according to cus
tom, Ivan, seizing a knife, said : " God
bless thee, my dear Boris ; thou de
servest a proof of my favor," and
with that he kindly cut the nobleman's
"When Prince Kurbaky, whom he had
threatened with death, fled to Poland,
and wrote him a letter thence, telling
him pretty plainly what he thought of
him, the Czar playfully struck the bear
er of the missive with his iron rod, as a
preliminary to the reading of the letter,
and' the blood flowed copiously from
the man's wounds while Ivan pondered
the; words of his rebellious subject. He
- then became convinced that the boyarda
generally sympathized with Kurbsky,
and to teach them better, he put a good
many of them to death by torture,, and
deprived many others of their estates.
His alarm was very real however, for
he waa a phenomenon of abject cow
ardice, He therefore fled to a fortified
place in the midst of a dense forest,
where he remained a month, writing
letters to the people, telling them that
he had abdicated and left them to their
fate as a punishment for their disloyal
ty and their crimes. Singularly enough,
his flight terrified the people. He had
taught them that he was their god as
God was his, and his flight to Alexan
drovsky seemed to them a withdrawal
of the protection of Providence itself.
Business was suspended. The courts
ceased to sit. The people were in an
agony of terror. A large deputation
of boyardS and priests journeyed to
Alexandrovsky, and besought the sove
reign to return and resume his holy
functions as the head of the church,
that the souls of so many millions
might not perish. xac,ting of clergy
and nobles an admission of his absolute
right to do as he pleased, and a promise
that they would in no way interfere with
or resist authority, he returned to Mos
cow. Here he surrounded himself with
a body-guard of desperadoes, 1,000
strong at first, and afterwards increased
to 6,000, whose duty it was to discover
the Czar's enemies and sweep them
from the face of the earth. As emblems
of these, their functions, each member
of the guard carried at his saddle-bow
a dog's head and a broom. As the pun
ishment of the Czar's enemies included
the. confiscation of their propertv. a
large part of which was given to the
guards themselves, these were always
singularly successful in discovering the
disaffection Of wealthy nobles, discov
ering it oftentimes before the nobles
themselves were aware of their own
treasonable sentiments. ,
Feeling unsafe still. I an built for
himself a new palace, outside the walls
of the Kremlin, making it an impregna
ble castle. Then, finding that even this
did not lull his shaken nerves to rest,
he proceeded to put danger afar off by
dispossessing the 12,000 rich nobles
whose estates lay ; nearest the palace.
and giving their property to his person
al followers, bo that he head which
wore the crown' might lie easy in the
conviction that there were no possible
enemies near on the other side of the
impregnable walls- which shut him in.
But even then be could, not sleep easi
ly, and so he repaired again to his forest
strongnoid at Alexandrovsky, where he
surrounded himself - with guards and
ramparts. . Here he converted the pal
ace into a monastery, made himself abbot
and his- rascally followers monks. He
rigorously enforced monastic observ
ances, of the severest sort, and no
doubt became a saint, in lis own estima
tion. ; He spent most . of bis time at
prayers, allowing himself no recreation
except' a daily sight , of the torture of
the prisoners who were confined in the
dungeons of the fortress, His guards
were allowed a rather larger, share of
amusement, and. they wandered from
street to street during the day, punish
ing, with their hatchets, such disloyal
people as thev encountered. - Thnv mn
moderate in their indulgences, however,
in imitation ox tneir sovereign, doubt
less, and it is recorded to their credit,
that, at this time, they' rarely ever
killed 1 more than twenty people in one
day, wiiiie sometimes tne number Was
as low as five.
But a quiet life of this kind could not
always content the Czar. Naturally, he
grew tired cf individual killings, and
began to long' for some more exciting
sport. When one day a quarrel arose
between some of his guards and a few
of the people of Toriea, Ivan saw at a
glance that all the inhabitants of Tor
jek were mutinous rebels, and of course
it became his duly to put them all to
deatn, wnicn ne straightway did.
Up to this time, the genius of Ivan
seems to have been cautiously feeling
its way, and so tne part oi nis history
already aketched may be regarded as a
mere preliminary to his real career..
His extraordinary capacity for ruling
an empire on the principles taught him
by the Prince Gluiskv was now
about to snow itseu in au its greatness.
A criminal of Novgorod, feeling himself
aggrieved by the authorities of that
city, who had incarcerated him for a
time, wrote a letter offering to place the
city under Polish protection. This
letter he signed,' not with his own name,
but with that of the Archbishop; .and
instead of sending it to the King of
Poland, to whom, it , was addressed, he
secreted it in the church oi at. Bophia.
Then going to Alexandroysky, he told
Ivan that treason was contemplated by
the NovgorodianSj and that the treason
able letter would be found behind the
statue of. the Virgin in the church.
Ivan sent a messenger to find the let
ter, and upon his return the Czar began
hia march nnon the doomed city. .- Hap
pening to pass through the town of
Knur on his way to Novorod, he put all
its inhabitants to death, with the pur
pose, doubtless, of training his troops
in the art pf wholesale massacre, before
requiring them to practice it upon the
people of Novgorod. , Finding . this
svstem of drill an agreeable pastime, he
repeated it upon his arrival at the city
of Twer, ana then, in order that the
other towns along this route might
have . ho reason , to complain of par
tiality, he bestowed upon all of them
a. like manifestation. pf his. imperial re
It is not my purpose to describe in
detail the elaborate, ingenious cruelty
practiced in the massacre of the Nov
gorodians. - The story is sickening.
Ivan first heard mass, and then began
the butchery, which lasted for many
days, was conducted with the utmost
deliberation andmostingenious cruelty.
and ended in the slaughter of 0,000
people. Ivan had selected certain
prominent citizens, to the number of
several hundred, whom he reserved for
publio and particularly cruel execution
at Moscow. Summoning the small and
wretched remnant of the population to
his presence, he besought their prayers
for the continuance and prosperity of
his reign, and, with gracious words of
farewell, took his departure from the
.The execution . in Moscow of the re
served victims was a scene too horrible
to be described in these pages. Tn.
deed, the half of Ivan's enormities may
not be told- here at all, and even the
historians content themselves with the
barest outlines of many parts of his ca
reer. jae tnongnt Himself in some
sense a deity, and blasphemously as
Berted that his throne was surrounded
by archangels, precisely as God's is.
Identifying himself with the Almighty,
he claimed exemption from the observ
ance of God's laws, and, in defiance of
the fundamental principles of the Greek
cnurcn, ox which he was the head, he
married seven wives. Believing that
he might with equal impunity insult
the .moral sense of other nations, he
actually sought : to add England's
Vueen, xsaizaDetn, to tne list of his
spouses. And he was so ; far right in
his estimate of his power to do as he
pleased, that the Virgin Queen, head
of the English Church, while she would
not herself become one of his wives.
consented to assist him, and selected
i or nis eigntn consort Mary Hastings,
uu luoguwi ox we xian ox Hunting
ton. She came near bringing about t
marriage between the two, in face of
the fact that the two churches of
which Ivan and she were respectively
ueaa were agreed m oondemmng polyg
amy as a heinous crime.
For one only of all his crimes Ivan
showed regret, if not remorse. His
oldest and favorite son. when the citv
of Pskof was besieged by the Poles.
asked that he might be intrusted with
the command of a body of troops with
which to assist the beleaguered place.
Ivan was so great a coward that he
dared not trust the affection and loyalty
of even his own favorite child, and in a
fit of mingled fear and rage he beat the
young man to death witn his iron staff,
"Bebel, you are leagued with the
boyards in a conspiracy to dethrone
Remorse seizing upon him at once.
his sufferings and fears of retribution
were terrible. Finally he determined
to abandon the throne and seek peace
in a convent, but the infatuated Kus
sians besought him not to desert them.
He died in 1580, and on his death
bed attempted one of the most infamous
crimes of his life, and was balked only
by the flight of his victim and his own
inability to follow her. She was a mem
ber of his family, being the wife of his
jjhi ocneiierezaae nerseix ever im
agine a stranger story than this? And
yet it is plain history, and is only a
fragment of the truth. George Cary
Egglenton, in American Homes for
A Remarkable Insurance Case.
In the Circuit Court, Brooklyn, be
fore Judge Barnard and a jury, the
cause of Peter Boos against the World
Insurance Company was tried recent
ly. In 1870 the World Insurance
Company insured the life of Valentine
Boos in favor of his son, the plaintiff,
for 85,000. In 1873, Valentine Boos re
turned to Germany, his native country,
and there died. The son informed the
company of his father's death, and
they demanded proof thereof. The son
went to Germany and returned with the
necessary documents fully establishing
his father's demise, but the company
refused to pay the policy. After sever
al applications for payment Boos began
an action against them.
The defense set up that Valentine
Boos had procured the insuring of his
life by false representations as to his
health, and had asserted that he had
made no application to any other com
pany and been rejected.- On the trial
it was. shown that' Boos had made no
false representations as to his health,
and that though he had suffered from
pneumonia five or six years before, the
disease was so slight that his relatives
knew nothing of it. ' The defense tried
to prove that because . Valentine Boos
had been a hod-carrier, and occasional
ly had to sit down and rest, he was sub
ject to palpitation of the heart. It was
shown by C. A. North, agent of the
World Insurance Company and also of
other companies, that Boos applied to
North, and he , was examined bv two
physicians, one rejecting and the other
accepting him, the latter belonging to
the World Insurance Company. A
paper purporting, to be an application
to another company was produced by
the defense, in which nothing was filled
out by Boos, and only two questions
were answered, signed by a physician,
who swore he remembered nothing of
the circumstance. It was clearly estab
lished that Boos had made only one ap
The jury gave the plaintiff the full
amount claimed, $5,216.97, and the
Court granted an allowance of 5 per
cent, to his counsel. .
Colonists for Alaska,
The cruise of the United States
steamer Portsmouth among - the Alaska
islands and for the purpose of ascer
taining if any of them are fit settling-
S laces for the Icelanders who are now
iscontented colonists in this country,
is ended successfully, the Danish com
mission having returned to San Fran
oisoc. The Island of Kodiao has taken
the Danish eye, and much of its land
will doubtless be pre-empted by the
Icelanders. Their greatest wish was
for an even climate, and not only is the
island perfect in this respect, but it has
abundance of fine pasture lands ; its
streams are ' thick with trout and sal
mon : its bays with cod ; its forests and
marshes are filled with game, both bird
and beast Several fur agencies are
established on the island, and a large
income is obtained from traffic in pelts.
Two tribes of Indians now abide on the
island. They are the Aleuts and Koyu
kuns, but from long contact with the
Russians have almost lost the original
blood. - The tribe last . named are, in
appearance, low-sized, , heavy-set fel
lows of a copper color, with the broad
flat face and prominent cheek-bones of
the North American Indian. .The Aleuts
are more intelligent and cleanly. They
live principally upon fish. They are
quite friendly, and will gladly welcome
kindly-disposed : colonists. The Ice
landers for whose benefit the voyage
was made are now in Wisconsin, and
will soon be moved to the island.
Bap debts Owing grudges.
Shall a Kan Pay a Eewardjfor His Own
A very singular law-suit has arisen in
our adjoining county, Logan. The cir
cumstances connected witn the case are
tnese : Mr. Marcus Hermann, an Is
raelite and a merchant at Auburn, had
nis store broken open last Christmas
and $4,500 in money taken therelrom.
Upon an examination of the premised.
it seemed that the outside door through
wnicn the thieves are presumed to have
entered the store was broken open from
the inside. This and other circ urns tun -
ces gave nse to the suspicion that Her
mann had robbed himself for the pur
pose of exciting the sympathy and in
dulgence of his creditors. The dav
after the robbery Mr. Hermann gave a
paper to tne constaoie oi tne Auburn
district, which read as follows :
We, Marcoa Hermann and W. W. Price,
nereoy tuna ana ODiigato ourseivea to pay
tl,600 for the arreat of the person or persona
who took from the atom of Marons Hermann,
ia Auburn, Ky.. on the night of the 25th of
December, 1873, about f 4,500 ; or we will pay
viw iw we Bmt ui vuv uuei witxioaE ine
restoration of the money.
W. W. Faica.
Mr. J. S. Stanley, the Constable of
the district, took the foregoing bond,
and, the same day, he and a young man
named Gabe Lewis arrested Hermann
himself, charging him with having com
mitted the robbery in question They
took the prisoner to Mr. Price, the se
curity on the. bond, and demanded of
him the reward ; bat, of course, Price
refused to pay it. Last summer Stan
ley and Lewis brought suit on the bond,
against 'Hermann and Price, alleging
that they had complied with the terms
upon which the reward had been of
fered : that Hermann himself was the
robber, and that they had arrested him,
etc., whereupon they demanded the
81,600. The suit was brought bv Cald-
woll & Bowder. of Russellville. at the
last term of the Logan Circuit Court.
just adjourned. The case was con
tined to the next term of the court.
when it will be tried upon its merits
before a jury. If the plaintiffs can
prove that Hermann did commit the
robbery, they will, of course, get a
judgment for the reward claimed. Mr.
Hermann has also brought suit against
Stanley and Lewis, claiming $10,000
damages, and another suit for malicious
prosecution, in which also a claim is
set np for $10,000 damages. All these
oases will be tried at the next term of
the Logan Circuit Court, and will elicit
widespread interest in Logan county,
and especially among the people of
Auburn. They will constitute one of
the most remarkable chanters in the
history of litigation in. the Green River
country. Bowling Green (Ky.) Demo
crat. The Story of a Nickel.
There is an old man who lives on
Kickapoo street who has the "rheumat
ics" so bad that he can't bend his bodv.
and walks stiff-legged with a cane. Yes
terday he was down-town, and as he was
coming down past the market he espied
nicaei lying on tne sidewaiK. -His
only way to get it was to stop there and
wait until some one would come that he
could trust with it, and get them to pick
it . up. So he drew it over near tte
building, and took his stand thereby,
with his cane over it, so no one could
see the treasure. Many passed by, and
he either thought them all rogues, or
else that they would not condescend to
favor him, until up came a bright little
boy who looked too good for this world.
and the old gent was filled with joy as
he came, for he thought him his hom
iny. Calling the boy over, he asked
him to hand that nickel up, when the
urchin grabbed it and ran away at full
speed, at every step receiving the bitter
blessings ox about as profane an old
cripple as we ever heard. It was a
shame for the boy to act that way, as
the old man earned his nickel in wait
ing there for about half an hour, and it
is Hardly a wonder that he became
greatly incensed at losing it. Leaven
worth (Kan.) Times.
Wood Seasoned with Salt.
It has been found by long experience
that immersion in salt water while wood
is seasoning prevents or retards its de
cay. In Holland, where active ship
building has been carried on for centu
ries, this fact is universally admitted
and utilized. Other maritime nations
have also known and taken advantage of
it. It is found, too, that piles sunk in
salt water last for an unlimited time.
External causes of decay may be neu
tralized by painting the wood; but,
against the internal dry rot, this is in
effective. In order to prevent dry rot,
wood must be subjected to treatment
when seasoning, and salt seems to be
the most available of the simple and
cheap antidotes. Even after dry rot
has commenced in timber, immersion in
salt water checks the decay and pre
serves the remainder of the wood. It is
said that, in the salt mines of Hungary
and Poland, the galleries are supported
by wooden pillars, which last unimpared
for ages, from being impregnated with
A New Ship-Canal Project.
Late Washington dispatches men
tion a new ship canal project which is
to oe urgea in congress at toe next
session by Baltimore interests. The
proposition, it appears, is to cut a canal
sixty feet wide at top, forty feet wide
at bottom, and twenty-five feet deep,
across the Maryland peninsula, connect
ing the Chesapeake and Delaware bays.
xne national vommerciat wonvenwon
of 1871 indorsed this scheme, and
asked Congretts to have the route sur
veyed, v The length of the work would
be about seventeen miles, and would
cost at a rough estimate from $6,000,000
to $8,000,000. It would shorten the
distance between Baltimore and New
York and New England ports about 200
miles, and would, it is claimed, make
Baltimore as accessible to ocean com
merce as New York. From certain indi
cations it is thought that the Baltimore
and Ohio railroad will take hold of the
enterprise, and give material aid to the
effort to secure for it an appropriation
from Congress. .
' The successful employment of an an
aesthetic which prevents pain without
destroying consciousness, is a matter of
interest and importance to medical
people everywhere. Dr. W. B. Rich
ardson, in the London Lancet, de
scribes two operations of this kind, by
him performed, for removal of cancer
ous tumors of the breast, both patients
being ladies. A spray of common ether
was directed upon the tumor until
thoroughly chilled. The lighter fluid,
a compound of ether with hydride ef
amyl, specific gravity .720, was then
applied until the whole of the breast was
frozen like a snowball. Instead of
with a scalpel, the incisions and remov
al were effected by means of small,
strong, sharp and curved scissors. The
operations were successful, the healing
speedy, without discharge or trouble of
In the race for seats at Washington
tne legal profession has generally the
inside track, but the home legislative
bodies contain a better proportion ef
other classes of the community.. The
honest farmer, the village doctor, or
an occasional clergyman, in his rural
simplicity, deems it an honor to be per
mitted to write ."Honorable" before
his name, and is allowed the privilege.
In some remote districts where the
caucus is as exemplary in its delibera
tions, as a prayer-meeting, they rotate
in legislative duty, and when they say,
" It's 'Squire So-and-so's turn this
year," that settles it as effectually as if
all the known devices of politics had
oeen Drougm into play in securing tne
nomination. . In Delaware, which has
the reputation of being a quiet and so
ber little commonwealth, the newlv
elected Legislature, it is said, does not
contain a single lawyer, and we dare say
mat me estate will not go to ruin in the
next year or two because of that fact.
After all, the Senate of the United
States is the paradise where lawyers go.
Out of less than four-score members
about fifty belong to that honored class.
and very curious lawyers some of thfhn
are. These last evidently got in there
oeoause uiev nad nothing to do and
they understand perfectly the art of do
ing it. jsevo lorn 'Xribune.
A Child Murderess.
The most diabolical act in the crimi
nal records of tlys county was per
petrated day before, yesterday on Mai.
Wooley's plantation, about a mile west
of Hie firs ton. A negro girl Cass Aro.
twelve years of age, stole some pota
toes. No one save herself was cognizant
of the theft but a little negro boy, aged
two years, a son of Tom Wooley. This
boy told on the girl. The girl after
ward strayed off with the little boy, and
shortly returned alone. The child being
missed xor some time, mere was some
uneasiness concerning its whereabouts.
and search was made, but nowhere
could it be found. Suspicions were
awakened that the child had been foully
aeait witn. capt. is en Hoper discover
ed some tracks on the river bank. The
tracks indicated that two children had
gone down to the river, and but one of
them, the larger, had returned. On
comparing the larger track with one
made by the girl, Cass Arp, the two
tracks were identical. The girl was ar
rested, and afterward confessed to
having thrown the child into the Eto
wah, where it was drowned. Rome
The Nebraska Calamity.
The Nebraska Relief and Aid Society
have issued the following notice, ren
dered necessary by the fact that some
execrable rogues have been trading
upon the sufferings of the settlers at the
West : " The Nebraska Relief and Aid
Society adhere to the policy of author
izing no person or persons, however
reputable, to receive money or material
from Eastern people. ( Its agents will
only act through branch aid societies.
and whatever charity the cities and peo-
le of the old and wealthy States may
esire to bestow upon the unfortunate
homesteaders of western, newly-settled
Nebraska, suffering from the ravages of
grasshoppers, should be forwarded
through local or branch aid societies,
and by their officers directly to Alvin
Saunders, Treasurer, andE. B. Chandler,
Secretary of the Nebraska Relief and
Aid Society, at Omaha. This notice is
published as a caution against im
postors." New York Officials.
The constitutional amendments
adopted in New York, at the late elec
tion, raise the salary of the Governor
from $4,000 to $10,000, with a house at
Albany ; and increase- the pay of legis
lators from $300 to $1,500 a year. The
Governor can veto any item of an ap
propriation bill, and he is required to
pass on all bills left unacted upon the
adjournment of the Legislature within
thirty days. Special legislation is
practically prohibited, and bribe-taking
is punishable as a felony. Every elec
tive officer is required to make oath
that he has neither bribed nor corrupt
ly influenced any one to vote for him,
and no one can hold a State and city, or
a State and ceunty, or' a State and
Federal office at the same time. The
oath about bribery don't weigh much.
Any one who commits the offense will
has been ascertained by accident
that, immediately after a strong wind,
nettles are comparatively harmless.
Some French laborers, having occasion
to work in a field infested with this
noxious weed, on a day succeeding
wind-sterm, found that they could han
dle the nettle with impunity. Their
sting had lost its virulence. M. Nau
din, n explaining the occurrence, states
that a strong wind stimulates the ex
halation of the poison in the stings
of the nettle, and after a time the entire
Btore secreted by the plant will be com
p letely exhausted. Saoh was the case
in the instance recorded. The truth of
the statement is supported by the fact
that, eight days after the gale, the net
tles had refilled their sacks of poison,
and were as vicious as ever.
" A Bachelor " says, in a communica
tion to the New York Times, on the
subject of matrimony practically con
sidered : " I have a good room, for
which I pay twenty dollars a month,
with gas and fire. I cook my own
breakfast, which consists usually . of
fresh rolls and butter with coffee or
chocolate, and a couple of eggs, or a
few oysters, with fruit in season, and,
if I choose, a little pickled salmon,
cheese or caviar, as a relish. ' My break
fast costs me, on an average, fifteen
cents a day, an estimate which looks
ridiculously small, but which any per
son can verify by trying the same plan
himself." This bachelor, however, eats
square dinners and dresses well, so that
his annual expenditure averages 0921.
Of the sixty-one railroad corpora
tions in Massachusetts, according to the
annual report of the Railway Commis
sioners just made, twenty-eight paid
dividends ranging from 1 to 10 per
cent.; eight of them divided 10 per
cent., one, 9 per cent; four, 8 percent;
three, 7 per cent; six, 6 percent; six,
less than six per cent, and thirty-two
made no dividends. There is a mile of
railway in the State to every 878 inhab
tants, and there are 1,790 miles of main
track and branches within the Common
wealth: The average cost of an equip
ped railway is $64,676. The average
cost of running a train is reported at
$1.26 per mile. , The average number
of passengers to each train was 71, and
the average number of tons of freight
was 64. ,
How to be generous think of the
time when a present of six cents made
you feel like an Emperor.
Deposit received subject to check at sight.
Interest allowed on time deposits in coin.
xchanse on Portland. San franoiaoo and New
xora lor sale at lowest rates.
Collections made and promptly remitted.
Refers to H. W. Oorbett. Henry Falun. W. 8.
Banking hours from 8 a. m. to p. m.
Albany, Feb. 1, 1874. 2iv6
D. M. JONES.
jr. unset Hn.1.
JONES & BILL,
PHYSICIANS AND . SURGEONS,
Counselor at Law.
Will practice in aU the Courts in the Seeond. Third
and Fourth Judicial Districts, in the Supreme Court
of Oregon, and in the C. tt. District and Circuit
Office in Parrish brick cup-stain). In office oeca-
plea Djr the late JN. a. uranor, Hirst street, Albany,
P. B. RICE, M. D., . .
SURGEON AND PHYSICIAN.
Office, First-si., Between Ferry and Washington.
Residence. Third afreet, two blocks below or east
oz Aieuioaist unurcn, Albany, Oregon. van4Q
J. O. POWEL.lt. Tj. FIiYNN,
POWELL & FLYNN,
Attorneys anJ Counselors at Law,
AND SOLICITORS IN CHANCEBY.
Ii. Flinn. Notary Publio). Albanr. Oimron. ollm.
uons ana conveyances promptly attended to. 1
Albany Book Store.
Miscellaneous Books. School Books. Blank
Books, Stationery, Fancy Articles, Ac.
Books imported to order at shortest nossible no.
DR. GEO. W. GRAY,
D E :n 'tis
Office in Parrish Brick Block, corner First and
rrry sireeis. r
Kesidence, corner Firth and Ferry streets,
Office hoars from 8 to 12 o'clock a. m and 1 In i
O'clock p. m. 18v8
THE BAY TEAM STILL LIVES,
And is flourishing like a sreen bsv trm. Th.nkfnl
for past favors, and wishing to merit the continu
ance of the same, the BAY TEAM will always be
rouy, uu cmhj luuuu, iu w any tunning wnnin
mw t iij iiuiiw, ivr reuvnBuiB compensauon.
r uelirery or goods a specialty.
20v5 A. N. ARNOLD. Proprietor,
W. O. TWEEDALE, .
Dealer in '
Groceries, ProTisions, Tobacco. Ciors
... 9 I
Cutlery, Crockery, and Wood and Willow Ware. '
tar Call aud see him. 24t5
The Lletzler Chair !
. Can be had at the following places:
Harrisburg Sam Mav
Junction City .' Smith a Brasfteld
Brownsville Kirk Hume
Halsey J. M. Morgan
Brio J. J. Brown
Albany .Graf Collar
A full supply can also be obtained at mv old ahoo
on First street, Albany, Oregon.
. J. U. UE1ZXK. -
Why say this damaolna' and troublesome com.
plaint cannot be cured, when so many evidences of
success might be placed before you every day
cures of supposed hopeless cases T Your physician
informs you that the longer you allow the complaint
to exiat. you lessen your chances for relief, fit.
perietwe has taught this in all ease.
A. Carotliers & Co.'s File Fills & Ointment
Are all they are recommended to be. Will cure
Chronic, Blind and Bleeding Piles in a very short
time, and are convenient to use.
This preparation is sent by mail or express to any
point within the United States at SI. 50 per package-.
Aaaress a. uakutmkhh & CO,
27vS Box 83, Alabany, Oregon.
roceries anQ Provisions,
Has just opened his new grocery establishment, on
Corner of Ellsworth and First Streets,
With a fresh stock of Groceries. Pro visions. Candies.
Cigars, Tobacco, tec, to which he invitee the atten
tion of our eitisens. . ,
In connection with the store he will keep a Bakery,
and will always have on hand a full supply of fresh
Bread, Crackers, Ac. . .
sr uaii ana see me.
- ' . JOHN SCHMEER.
February 16. U4v
The Old Stove Depot
Ccot, Parlor and Box Stoves I
. OF THE BEST PATTERNS. .
' ' AL8 0 . '
Tin, Sheet Iron and Copper Ware,
And the usual assortment of Famishing Goods to
be obtained in a Tin Store.
Repair neatly and promptly executed on reason,
Short Reckonhiffs Make Long: Friends.
Front Stbebt, ; Albany. ' '
.' Dec. 8, 1874. : .
Everjrthing ISTew. j ;
GRAF & COLLAR, j
Manufacturers and Dealers In ; A ' ,,
F TT RUST ITUR 3
OF AIX KINDS. ,
Bureaus, Bedsteads. Tables, ' Lounges,
Sofas, Spring Beds, Chairs, Etc., i
Always on hand or made to order on the shortest
.... ..--,.. . nortee.- - . ,. .
. Furniture repaired expsdltlomiy and at fair rate.
Salesroom and Knctarw m JTInt Street,
neatr Schneir'! stekory.
Albany, Feb. 38, 1874-35. GBAF COLLAR;
f v. A. W. GAMBLE, M. T.,
Physician, surgeon, Etc.
Ofilce on First St., over Weed's Grocery Store
Residence opposite lets residence of John C. Men
denhall, near the Foundry, First street, Albany.
October 33 1ST3. -
We bf oo t IVI arket!
Having leased the. Webfoot Market.-on First street,
adjoining Gradwohl's, respectfully asks a ahare of
the public patronage. The-market will be kept con
stantly supplied with all inds of fresh meats. Call
W- The highest cash price paid for Hides.
Albany, August 14, 1874. ,
W. H. LlcFarlanda,
(Late If. M. Harvey Co.,)
Next Door to Conner's Bank,
Force and Lift Pomps, .
Lead and Iron Pipe,
House Furnishing Hardware, -
Tin,C6ppefi Sheetlron Ware.
LARGEST STOCK IN THE VALLEY.
' LOWEST PRICES EVERY TIME.
REPAIRIN0 PROMPTLY 00NE. -June
11, 1874. '
Fonnflir anil He Shod,
A. F. CHERRY, Proprietor,
' ' ..Manufactures .
Flour and Saw Mill Machinery,
Wooil-Worltisg & Agricultural Machinery,,
. And all kinds of
Iron and Brass Castings.
Particular attention paid to recairinir all kimln or
machinery. . 41 v3
A. CAROTHERS & CO.
All, the popular
And- TOILET GOODS.
Particular care snd promptness Riven clivslciana'
prescriptions and family recip.
A. UAKUIULB9 H CO.
Albny Oregon. , 4vs
GO TO THE
. : Notions,
&c, &c. &c,
Cheap ifor Cash. !
Conntry Proflnc& of AT Ms Bought
For Merchandise or Cash.
This ia the-p'ace to Rethe
Best BargIns Ever Offered In Albany.
Parties will alwavs do well to call and in for fhm
elves. . II. WEED.
First Street, Albany, Oregon.
Was first known in America. Tta mr4t am nnrm
well known throughout the habitable world. It has
the oldest and best record of any Liniment In the
world. Prom the millions upon millions of bottles
sold not a single complaint has ever reached us. As
a Healing and Pain-Subduing Liniment it haa no
equal., It ia alike
BENEFICIAL TO MAX AXD BEAST.
Sold by nil Druggists.
Is a purely Vegetable Preparation, composed of
r-aliaave Bark. Boots.. Herbs and Fruita. uuo.
which will be found Sarssparillian, Dandelion, Wild
Cherry, Sassafras, Tansy, Gentian, Sweet Flag, etc.:
also Tamarinds, Dates, Prunes and Juniper Berries,
preserved in a sufficient quantity (only) of the spirit
of Sugar Oane to keep la any climate. They Invari
ably relieve ana care -xua louowiag complaints "
DyapepsU, Jaundice, f Jer Complaints, Loss of
Appetite, Headache, Bilious Attacks, Fever and
Ague, Bummer Complaints, Hour Stomach, Palpita
tion of the Heart, General Debility, etc. They are
especially adapted as a remedy for the diseases to
which . '
Are subjected: and aa a tonic for the Ased. F
snd .Debilitated, have no equal. They are strictly in
tended as- a Temperance Tonic or Hitters, to be
used sa a medicine only, and always aooordin to.
Soio by all Fibst-Class Dbuoqists.