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About The Albany register. (Albany, Or.) 1868-18?? | View Entire Issue (Oct. 16, 1874)
THB DKUSK RD'S BHIDK.
BT AWN A OKAT.
Baser she listened to the pattering alee
Out in the lone deserted street ;
Listened to her the well-known tread
Of one whom others had already said, J
Better, far better, she had never wed.
Beside her lay, in all its grace.
Her long white veil of marriage-lace
But the face it bad decked was sad arid wan,
Aa if that day had long since gone.
Days have wrought, with their blighting tear J,
Changes not to be erased in years.
Still she listened, as her heart beat low :
Why did he linger away from her so !
Only yesterday morn she stood by his side
And breathed the vows of a happy bride ;
But to-night ahe prayed, in that lonely room,
For one ray of sunshine to break the gloom.
Then, still, as she listened to the driving sleet
That seemed on her very heart to beat,
Distinctly she heard the" heavy tred
That told her heart bore home the drad .'
Wildly she watched them, though without a fear.
Bearing in the heavy, unsightly bier ;
And listened on, with eye unblurred,
To each unfeeling, thoughtless word,
Aa they whispered round, in a careless way,
" Good for her that he died In this drunken fray 1
Then they bore the form from the lonely room
That seemed too small to bear its doom.
And smoothed her tresses of silken hair,
And told her, 44 life would yet be fair."
Yes, they bore her away, and Bhe never stirred ;
The grief in her heart they never heard ;
But she who loved him too well to dread
The frightful looks of the ghastly dead,
Xit her lamp and slipped away to bis side.
Where, briefly before, she had stood a bride :
And, kueeling there, gazed long and well,
Aaked if those Una would no secret tell.
Mid the horrid scenes of the drunken strife.
Bid they breathe no sigh to your lonely wife?
Was there no thought of her whose unfaltering;
Would have mingled her own with a drunkard's
Bid'st never think, O dearest dead !
Of the plighted vows you had lately said?
Then, kissing the death-lamp from the icy brow
Is there no way to answer me now !
Must I wait and watch, and never kaow
The secret that wrought this heavy blow !
Must think that 1 was forgotten quite,
In the short, short hours of a single night !
Mo white-winged vision thrilled her soul.
As a strange, wild tremor o'er her stole ;
-No broken whisper sounded near.
But the very air breathed iu her ear,
I know and feel thy presence, dear,
Which, though loved of earth, is more so here ;
X feel thy breath fan lip and cheek
In the same old way, but they cannot apeak ;
I feel thy tears fall for my sake.
But the seal of death they may Hot break ;
But to thee, who wert earth's idol dear,
Id tell the secret that brought me here :
My palt: y gold lured the tempter's snare ;
I forgot thy loving word, 'Beware;'
And, though I loved tuee as I ought,
I drain, d the cup of its bitter draught.
M ado ess came ; but God knows well
That I loved thee then more than words can tell ;
And as heavy grief as may meet me here.
Is to see thy heart b:eed at a drunkard's bier ;
And to know tnat thy mind, so like a child.
Must leave Reason's throne in ravings wild ;
For God, whodoeth all things well,'
Will consign my bride to a maniac's cell."
PUT YOURSELF IN MY PLACE.
" I cannot wait any longer. I must
have my money, and if you cannot pay
it I must foreclose the mortgage and
sell the place," said Mr. Merton.
" In that case," said Mr. Bishop, " it
will of course be sold at a great sacri
fice, and after all the struggles I have
made, my family will again be home
less. It is very hard. I only wish you
had to earn your money as I do mine ;
you might then know something of the
hard life ot a poor man. If you could
only in imagination put yourself in my
place, I think you would have a little
mercy on me. "
It is useless talking ; I extended
this one year, and I can do so no long
er, " replied Mr. Merton, as he turned
to his desk and continued writing. .
The poor man rose from his seat and
walked sadly out of Mr. Merton's office;
his las-t hope was gone. He had just
recovered from a long fit of illness,
which had swallowed up the means with
which he had. intended to make the last
payment on his house. Triie, that gen
tleman had waited one year, when he
had failed to meet the demand, owing
to illness in his f amilv, and he had felt
very maeh obliged to him for doing so.
This year he had been laid up for
several months, during whih he could
earn nothing, and all his savings were
then needed for the support of himself
and family. Again he had failed, and
now" he would again be xiomeless, and
have to begin the World anew. Had
heaven forsaken him and given him over
to the tender mercies of the wicked ?
After he had left the office, Mr. Mer
ton could not drive away from his
thoughts that remark to which the poor
man in his grief had given utterance,
" I wish you had to earn your money as
I do mine."
.In the midst of a row of flgmres, "Put
yotarself in my place " intruded.
JBnce after it had crossed his mind,
he laid down his pen, saying, " Well, I
think I should find it rather hard. I
have a mind to drop in there this after
noon, and see hew it fares with his
family ; that man has roused my curi
osity." About five o'clock he put on a gray
wig and some old, cast-off clothes,
walked to the residence of Mr. Bishop,
and knocked at the door. Mrs. Bishop,
a pale, weary looking woman, opened
it ; the poor old man requested permis
sion to enter and rest awhile, saying he
was very tired with his lang jeurnej,
for he had walked many miles that day.
Mrs. Bishop cordially invited him in,
and gave him the best seat the room
afforded. She then began to make prep
arations for tea. The old gentleman
watched her attentively. He saw there
was no elasticity in her step, no hope in
her movements ; and pity for her began
to steal into his heart. Wheat her ins
band entered, her features relaxed into
a smile, and she forced a cheerfulness
into her manner. The traveler noted it
all ; and he felt himself forced to ad
mire this woman who could assume a
cheerfulness she did not feel for her
husband's sake. After the table was
prepared, Ihere was nothing upon it but
bread, batter and tea. They invited
the stranger to eat with them saying,
" We have not much to oner yon, but a
cup of tea will refresh you after your
long journey. "
He accepted their hospitality, and as
they discussed the frugal meal, he led
them, without seeming to do so, to talk
of their affairs.
" I bought this piece of land, said
Mr. Bishop, " at a very low price, and
instead of waiting as I ought to have
done, until I had saved the money to
build, I thought I would borrow two
hundred dollars. The interest on the
money would not be nearly as much as
the rent I was paying, and I would be
saving something by doing it. I did
not think there would be any difficult
in paying back the borrowed money.
But the first year my wife and one of
my children wre, ill, and the expenses
left me without the means to pay the
debt. Mr. Merton agreed to wait an
other year, if I would pay the interest.
I did that. This year I was for seven
months unable to work at my trade and
earn anything ; and of course when pay
day. comes arour; d, and this is very soon,
I shall again be unable to meet the de
"But," said the stranger, "will not
Mr. Merton wait another year, if you
make all circumstances known to him ?"
No, sir," replied Mr. Bishop, " I
saw him this morning, and he (aid he
must have the money, and should be
obliged to foreclose."
" He mat t be very hard-hearted, re
plied the traveler. .
"Not necessarily so," said Mr. Bish
op. "The fact is, these rich men
know nothing of the struggles of the
poor. They are men jnst like the rest
of mankind, and I am sore if they but
had the faintest idea of what the poor
have to pass through, their hearts and
their purses would open. You know it
has passed into a proverb, 'When a
poor man needs assistance, lie should
apply to the poor.' The reason is ob
vious. The poor only know the curse
of poverty. They know how heavily it
falls, crushing the spirit out of a man ;
and to use my favorite expression, they
can at once put themselves in the un
fortunate one's place and appreciate his
difficulties, and are therefore always
ready to render assistance as far as they
are able ; and if Mr. Merton had the
least idea of what I and my family had
to pass through, I think he would be
willing to wait several years for his
money, rather than distress us."
With what emotion the stranger lis
tened may be imagined. A new world
was being opened to him. He was
passing through an experience that had
never been his before. Shortly after
the conclusion of the meal, he rose to
take his leave, thanking Mr. and Mrs.
Bishop for their kind hospitality. They
invited him to stay all night, telling hun
he was welcome to what they had.
He thanked them and said, " I will
trespass on your kindness no longer.
I think I can reach the next village be
fore dark, and be so much further on
Mr. Merton did not sleep much that
night. He lay awake thinking. He
had received a new revelation. The
poor had always been associated in his
mind with stupidity and ignorance, and
the first poor family he had visited he
had found far in advance, in intelligent
sympathy and real politeness, of the ex
quisites and fashionable butter Hied of
The next day a boy called at the cot
tage, and left a package in a large blue
envelope, addressed to Mr. Bishop.
Mrs. Bishop was very much alarmed
when she took it ; for large blue en
velopes were associated in her mind
with law and lawyers, and thought that
it boded no good. She put it away
until her husband came home from his
work, when she handed it to him.
He opened it in silence, read its con
tents, and said frequently, "Thank
"What is it, John?" inquired his
" Good news," replied John; "such
news that I had never hoped for, or
even dreamed of."
'What is it what is it? Tell me
quick I want to hear if it is anvthing
"Mr. Merton has canceled the
mor'K"-e. inleased me from debt, both
the interest and
any tini 1 need
nrinHn.il. nnri ruts
any further assist-
ance, it 1 will let rum Know i snail
" 1 am s.? glad, it puts new life
into me," t-aid the. now happy wife.
" But what can have come over Mr.
" I do not know. It seems strange
after the way he talked to me yesterday
morning. 1 will go right over to his
office and tell him how hapy he has
lie tound Mr. Merton in, ana ex
pressed his gratitude in glowing terms.
" What could have induced you,"
he asked, " to show us sj much kind
" I followed your suggestions," re
plied Mr. Merton, " and put myself
in your place. I expect that it would
surprise you very much to learn that
the strange traveler to whem you
showed so much kindness yesterday was
" Indeed !" exclaimed Mr. Bishop,
" can that be true ? Eow did yon dis
guise yourself so well ?"
" I was not so much disguised after
all, but you could not very readily as
sociate Mr. Merton, the lawyer, with a
poor wayfaring man ka ! ha ! ha !"
laughed Mr. Merton.
" Well, it is a good joke," said Mr.
Bishop; "good in more senses than
one. It has terminated very pleaaantly
" I was surprised," said Mr. Merton,
" at the broad and liberal views yoa ex
pressed of men and their actions gener
ally. I supposed I had greatly the ad
vantage over you in means, education
and culture ; yet how cramped and nar
row minded have been my views beside
yours ! That wife of yours is an esti
mable woman, and that boy of yours
will be an honor to any man. I tell
you. Bishop," said the lawyer, becom
ing animated, "you are rich rich be
yond what money can make you. You
have treasures that gold will not buy.
I tell you, yon owa me no thanks.
Somehow, I teem to have lived years
since yesterday morning. I have got
into a new world. What I learned at
your house is worth more than you owe
me, and I am your debtor yet. Here
after, I shall take as my motto, Put
yourself in his place,' and try to regu
late my actions by it. "
THE SEVEX SLEEPERS.
For more than a thousand years the
legend of the S9ven Sleepers has been
told in pious song and story. Who were
those Seven Sleepers ? Is it only a
monkish legend, an invention of the
"dark ages?" Or is the story true?
or has it at least an historical basis ?
It was in the year of our Lord 250
that Decius, the most inhuman of all
the Roman Emperors in his persecution
of the Christians, in making a tour
through his provinces, arrived at
Jiphesus, in Asia Minor. Christianity
had already obtained a foothold there,
although the great majority of the
people still adhered to the heathen re
ligion. Upon his arrival, the Emperor
ordered a sacrificial festival to be held
in honor of Jupiter, Apollo and Diana
In this festival, every one was com
manded to take part under the penalty
of incurring the imperial displeasure in
case of refusal. Among the Christians
of the city were seven youths, descend
ents of noble families. Their names
were Maximinian, Dionysius, Joannes,
Scrapio and Constantino. These deter
mined to die rather than obey the man
date. As soon as Decius heard of their
determination, he commanded them to
be brought before him. " Go," said
he, "and procure incense that yon may
offer to the highest ,powers. " The
Highest Power," they replied, " has his
thi one in the heavens, and is the living
and Almighty God, who hath created
heaven and earth. Hin we worship,
Father, Son, and Holy Spirit, and we
can never again bow down to dumb
idols that are nothing."
With terrible glance the Emperor
measures the youthful confessors.
Then suddenly changing his manner, he
endeavors to win them by his promises
and his arguments. For he knew well
that martyrdom would pour oil on the
flames he was trying to quencn. x ail
ing to obtain his object by threats and
by promises, he tells them that he will
graciously accord them time to consider
their resolution until he should again
return to Ephesus, and informs them oi
the terrible consequences if they
should still continue their stubborn re-'
With a calm courage the young men
departed from the presence of the Em-
peror. By the citizens of Ephesus they
were proscribed ; by many, however,
secretly admired. Determined not to
renounce their faith, they, however, de
cided to avoid the monster as much as
possible. With this object, they be
took themselves to a range of moun
tains in the neighborhood of Ephesus.
There they discovered a cave, the en
trance of which was concealed by thick
foliage. In this cave they hid them
selves, and one of their number, Mal
chus, the one least known in the city,
was appointed to supply tliem with
The day of the Emperor's return ar
rived. One of his first questions was
concerning "the stubborn youths."
" They have escaped," was the reply.
But their concealment had been dis
covered. Spies had followed them, and
purchased the Emperor's favor by re
vealing the place of concealment.
Decius, knowing well that he oould not
hope to change the purpose of the
youths, gave command to close the
mouth of the cave by a wall, and thus
inclose them in a living tomb. No
sooner said than done.
There was one man, however, who,
though still a heathen, had heard the
gospel and was not far from the king
dom of God. Desiring that future gen
erations might know whose bones rested
there, he took a roll of parchment and
writing on it the names of the youths,
and an account of their courageous
bearing, inclosed it in an iron casket,
and unobserved by the workmen, slipped
it into the cave and then quietly with
drew. Many a scoffing " good night" was
called after them by the brutal popu
lace that evening' in the street of
Ephesus. Many a tender "good night"
did the Christians send after them in
their prayers. And he who preserved
David in the cave of Adullam, and res
cued Daniel from the den of lions,
heard their prayer. The light of day
had for them faded away. But they
remember, " Ho giveth his beloved
sleep." They lay themselves down and
sleep. Soft is their slumber and no
danger is nigh. It is as though holy
angels had encamped round about
them. We will leave them to their
sleep, and write over them on the dark
rock the words of David : " How ex
cellent is thy loving kindness, O God !
therefore the children of men put their
trust under the shadow of thy wings."
Time passes on swift wings. Gen
erations come and go like phantom
spirits. About 187 years later we are
again in Ephesus. But how changed
is the scene ! Decius, the tyrant, is
moldering in his grave. The world is
A wealthy land owner desires to
make some improvements on his estate.
In searching for smitable building ma
terial, he finds an old wall with large
square stones. The blocks are easily
removed r-r.d the mouth of a cave is
revealed. It is the cave of the Seven
Sleepers, whose history had long since
passed into oblivion. The rays of light
entering for the first time after so maty
years awakened the youths. They
thanked God that deliverance had come
so soon. For they supposed but a
single night had passed since they were
Malchus was again sent to the city
for bread. But the way seemed very
strange to him. And what was his
astonishment to find over the very gates
of the city a glittering cross. In the
city itself he can scarcely trust his
senses. The images of the gods wore
removed. In the. plai'P of the heathen
temple he notices buildings with proud
domes :tnd glittering crosses. And in
the forum he hears the witnesses swear
by the omnipotent God, yes, even by
the name of Christ, instead of Diana
and Apollo. He thinks it is a dream.
Accosting a man on the street, he asks
i him the name of the city. " The name
of the city is Ephesus," was the reply.
" Can it be that this is Ephesus, where
but a few days ago we were proscribed
by the imperial edict," was the thought
of Malchus. But mindful of his errand
he enters a baker's shop and offers in
: payment for the bread a silver coin.
I The baker took the coin and carefully
examined it. " This is a very ancient
'coin," said he; "why, it bear3 the
I image of Decius. Where did you ob
tain it ?" " Where is Decius?" was the
reply of Malchus. "Has he left the
city, and if so, when ?" The baker and
the crowd that had meantime gathered,
looked at Malchus and seemed to regard
him as one who had lost his reason.
One of them demanded to know where
he had discovered the hidden treasure.
Finally Malchus was taken before the
Bishop of the city.
The Bishop was a reverend and dig
nified man. In a kind manner he asked
Malchus who he was and whence he
came. Malchus replied that he was
one of the seven youths who had re
cently been immured in the grotto at
the command of the Emperor Decius,
but that the Dord their God had again
given them light and freedom. " The
Emperor Decius? It is nearly 200
years since Decius sat upon the throne.
Many Emperors have reigned since
then. Theodosius now reigns by the
grace of God. Heathendom has long
since fallen. The cross is everywhere
victorious. But tell me, where are your
six companions? Show us the cave. "
Thus spoke the Bishop. And Mal
chus led him to the cave, followed by
an immense concourse of Christians.
In the cave they found the iron casket
with the parchment roll, containing a
full account of their history. For two
centuries the youths had slept, and now
they awoke to see a regenerated world.
The Bishop hastened to send an ac
count of toe matter to Theodosius at
Constantinople. The Emperor himself
hastened to Ephesus to behold the won
der. But the youths, obedient to an
inner voice, in the same hour that
Malchus returned, had again laid down
and the Dork took their souls to heaven.
Lutheran Home Monthly.
Titers are 5,671,000 smokers in
France, and their average consump
tion is 11 lbs. 2 oz. of tobacco each
yearly. Out of 15, 8 smoke pipes, 5
cigars, and two cigarettes. The
total number of cigarettes consumed
is estimated at 204 milliards a year ;
or 805,000,000 per day, 33,000,000
per hour, 559,000 per minute, and
9,323 per second ; put end to end, they
would give a length ot z.uov.yau kilo
metres, or i.isvo.aib miles, wnicn is
about 514 times the circumference of
English Railroads.- At the end of
! last year there were in England and
Wales 11,309 miles of railway lines
open. The total capital paid up, in
eluding shares, loans, etc., was upward
of 490,000,000; and the total number
of passengers conveyed, including
season ticket holders, stood at upward
of 400,000,000. The total traffic re
ceipts of the year amounted to 47,
000,000; tbe working expenses were
nearly 26,000,000, and the net traffic
Embalming among the Egyptians.
The Egyptians, nowever, carried
their process to perfection by introduc
ing antiseptics into the vacated interiors
of their dead, thus embalming hi their
catacombs, it is estimated, not less than
400,000,000 persons. Herodotus and
Diodorus Sicolus, especially the former,
have minutely explained the method of
preservation, and from them we learn
it was a regular trade, The embalmers
removed the brain and intestines, sup
plying the emptiness with myrrh, cassia
and other spices, and then placed the
body in natron for seventy days. Sub
sequently it was carefully laved and
wrapped with bandages of fine linen
smeared with gum, and put in a wooden
case shaped after the human figure.
There were other modes of embalming
less expensive, the rate varying from
81,800 to $400 in our currency, which
was so much money in these days that
we cannot now see how Egyptians of
the ordinary class could possibly afford
to die. They doubtless lived longer
than they would have done otherwise,
prompted by a prudent economy to
avoid the extravagance of burial as long
The cheapest way of embalming,
adopted usually by the poor, was to free
the abdomen of the intestines by means
of a clyster commonly the oil of the
cedar-tree and let the body lie in na
tron until the fiesn was impregnated.
Recent investigations indicate that heat
must have been applied to the corpses
after they had been filled with some
bituminous substance, and creosote
generated and diffused through all the
tissues. The reason that heat was not
mentioned by the ancient authozities is
supposed to be their desire to keep
the process secret, and enhance the dig
nity and mystery of the art.
Embalming is still employed. The
means adopted by Chaussier and others
have been to eviscerate the body and
keep it constantly saturated with pro
tochloride of mercury. The salt, com
bining with the flesh, not only gives it
firmness, but renders it incorruptible
either by internal or external agencies.
The injection into the veins of concen
trated solution of sulphate of alumina,
or of chloride of mercury and wood-vinegar,
or of sulphate of zinc, has been
found very effective not only for ana
tomical purpose, but also for embalm
ing. Junius Henri Browne, in Harp
er's Magazine. .
Bridges of the Thames.
The bridges across the Thames are
eleven in number, and over them go
more people in a year than across any
bridges in the world. They are fine
specimens of architecture, made either
of stone or iron, and some of them cost
huge sums of money. The cost of Lon
don bridge was nearly $12,000,000.
Over this bridge 20,00 vehicles and
107,000 persons on foot pass daily.
Waterloo bridge, which is the finest of
them all, is said to have cost 5,000,
000. It is 1,380 feet long, and consists
of nine elliptical arches, 120 feet span,
and 35 feet high, suppor ed on piers 20
feet wide at the springing of the arches.
In six months there passed over it
2,244,910 persons, which would be at
the rate of nearly 5,000,000 per year.
The toll each way is a half-penny. Be
neath all these bridges is a constant
stream of boats plying upon the water.
They go and come, up and down
stream, and across in every direction,
and in such numbers and confusion
that the stranger cannot see how they
escape running into and over one
another. And such a noise as the steam
whistles and the oarsn-en ::iid those
connected with the boats keep up was
never heard anywhere else. Jn addi
tion to all these bridges and boats,
there is another mode of crossing the
Thames. It is the tunnel, two miles
below London bridge. This stupen
dous work extends bt ueath the bed of
the river, and connects Wapping on the
left bank with Redriff on the right. It
was begun in 1825 under the directions
of Brunei, the aichitect, and finished
by him in 1843. It consists of two
arched passages 1,200 feet long, 14 feet
wide and 16 feet high, all below the
bed of the river. Whoever walks or
rides through the tunnel goes under the
River Thames, and nowadays it is used
by the East London Railway Company,
whose locomotives thunder along with
ships and fishes swimming over them.
Defrauding Life Insurance Companies.
The Cincinnati Commercial has been
hunting up frauds in life insurance
business, and in the course of its in
vestigation has unearthed a conspiracy
for defrauding insurance companies
widely extended and carefully organ
ized. It is composed mainly of conn-
den tial agents of companies and their
tools. The method employed is to pro
cure a policy in the name of a third
party, who is kept in ignorance of the
fct, and collect the insurance at his
death. Being in the ring, the agents
have no trouble in obtaining certificates
of death satisfactory to themselves,
and are enabled to make money with
great rapidity. One Cincinnatian re
turned to his native city from St. Louis
a few months ago to learn that his death
had been widely circulated, a report
having been set afloat that he was
frowned in the Mississippi. He after
ward learned that his life was insured ;
that his wife had been influenced by
one of the conspirators to procure a
policy ; and that this money had actually
been collected, his wife getting a small
share commensurate with her connec
tion with the fraud. Other cases have
come to light in which healthy persons
were insured through agents, in the
name of confirmed invalids, while a
bint is thrown out of murder by the
ring. It would be interesting to policy
holders to know precisely what allow
ance is made by the companies for loss
by fraud in estimating rates of in
surance. The Pulse.
Every intellectual person should know
how to ascertain the state of the pulse
in health ; then, by comparing it with
what it was when he is ailing, he may
have some idea of the urgency of his
case. Parents should know the healthy
pulse of each child, as now and then a
person is born with a peculiarly slow or
fast pulse, and the very case in hand
may be that peculiarity. An infant's
pulse is one hundred and forty ; a child
of seven, about eighty ; and from twenty
to sixty years it is seventy beats a min
ute, deciining to sixty at four-score. A
healthful, grown person's pulse beats
seventy times in a minute ; there may
be good health down to sixty ; but if
the pulse always exceeds seventy, there
is a disease the machine is working too
fast ; it is working itself out ; there is a
fever or inflammation somewhere, and
the body is feeding on itself, as m con
sumption, when me pulss is quick
that is, over seventy gradually increas
ing with d ere ised chances of cure, un
til it reaches one hundred and ten or
one hundred and twenty, when death
comes before many days. When tb
pulse is over seventy for months, and
thre is a slight cough, the lungs are
Connecticut can't sell all the clocks
she makes at present.
In Brooklyn 256 church spires point
solemnly to the place of final judg
ment. There has recently been an advance
of 20 per cent on railway fares in Ger
many. Some money. The railway system of
hug uluwu o tares represents a capital
Savannah, in the matter of the cash
value of her exports, rates the fourth
city in this country.
It is asserted that if the comet had
hit Chicago 1,106 divorces would have
been nipped in the bud.
Thb best tailors in Paris are said to
be Englishmen, and the best milliners
in London are'from Paris.
It takes 373,959 cars and 14,939 loco
motive engines to run the railroads in
the United States and Canada.
Thb furniture in Northumberland
House, London, which is being torn
down, was valued at $1,590,000.
Bayard Taylor and other distin
guished persons were obliged, by Brit
ish red-tape, to register as regular sea
men when they went on the Albion to
A boy in Hudson, N. Y. , while dig
ging for fish-worms, a day or two ago,
unearthed his grandfather's jack-knife,
which had lain in the ground over
Japan has many mines now open and
being worked, in a primitive way, but
much new machinery has been recently
ordered. A native report gives the
following as now being operated : Gold
mines. 82 ; silver, 118 ; copper, 300 ;
iron, 20 ; tin 6 ; lead, 52 ; plumbago,
3 ; coal, 412 ; kerosene oil, 182 ; sul
phur, 12 ; alum, 5.
Recently published statistics show
that 700,000 Germans, for the most
part natives of Prussia, have embarked
from Hamburg and Bremen during the
last five years. The whole country is
up in arms to put a stop to this whole
sale exodus. Laborers,. prticularly
agricultural laborers are getting to be
too few to supply the demand. A dis
inclination of "many of the young men
of Germany to serve in the German
army has not a little to do with their
leaving the country.
A young man, either crazy or wild,
was recently captured in Tennessee.
He is somewhere between twenty and
thirty years old. He has some hair on
his face. When seized he was much
exhausted, and was going through all
the maneuvers of a tired dog, panting,
shaking his sides, and lolling or drop
ping out his tongue to its full length,
and letting it hang out. At times he
would go through the most remarkable
grimaces and distortions of face and
body. His captors succeeded in get
ting a pair of pantaloons on him. He
talked a little, but in a very uncouth
Young Men in Cities.
The Young Men's Christian Associ
ation of Chicago has issued the follow
ing circular :
" City life holds out attractions which
continually draw young men from their
rural homes into our large cities, where
the enemy of souls is ever on the alert to
allure them into sin by ihe multitudi
nous devices and agenetm which abound
in the city, and which are not suspected
by the unsophistocated until too Lite.
We desire to save all such from ruin,
and, in the furtherance of thisi object,
wish to call the attention of clergymen,
parents and friends to our rooms and
the privileges which can be secured to
youug men, strangers, coming to our
city, that they may have letters of in
troduction to us. To become acquaint
ed with proper associates and mingle in
good society upon their first arrival in
the city, is a matter often of vital im
portance. . We are prepared to intro
duce all young men into any church of
the denomination which they have been
accustomed to attend, where they will
be at home at once and under good in
fluences. Our association is as a vesti
bule to the chHrch, to receive and dis
tribute the strangers that come into our
midst, and we shall be pleased to meet
every young man that enters our city -as
a stranger. Our reading rooms are
at No. 148 Madison street, near LaSalle,
open every day from 8 a. m. to 10 p. m.,
having the principal papers and maga
zines on file, and a well-selected library
of 2,500 volumes.
"Young men wishing to spend their
evenings pleasantly as well as profitably,
are invited to the Lyceum for debates,
music, readings, etc.", every alternate
"Our Employment Bureau is at No.
145 Fifth avenue. We would, however,
suggest to young men not to come to
Chicago for work, as there are at the
pesent time thousands of persons with
out employment. But our latch-string
is always out to all strangers visiting the
city, and we4 cordially invite them to
The Birthplace of American Manufac
turing. A correspondent of the Louisville
Courier-Journal, writing from Milton,
Mass. , says : "It was at this locality,
the banks of Neponset, that American
manufactures had their birth. Here in
1673 was erected the first powder mill
by a stock company, two of the incor
porators being clergymen. Here the
first slitting mill, . e. , for slitting iron
and making nails, in 1710, and here
also, I believe, sprang into existence the
first cotton mill erected in America, and
here also the first paper mill was erect
ed in 1728. The locality in latter days
was peculiarly celebrated, however, for
the monopoly of four branches of
manufactures. In 1768 James Bo,es
commenced the manufacture of choco
late, which some years later fell into the
hand of Edmund Baker. This was the
only place in America that could boast
of a chocolate factory, and I belieye, is
the only one on this continent.
Thomas Crehoe made all the playing
cards used in America at his little fac
tory on the Neponset river, and to this
day the Bent water-crackers are made
here precisely as they were made 75
Women Doctors. The Saturday He
view has maintained that sick women
do not usually wish to be attended by
women. An interesting letter in tbe
London Times lately, signed "A Sur
geon," seems to make it quite clear that
it. m n. miHrnlrn. Tt. r.lla tlint. " in tlui
city hospital in London where women
can be attended by female physicians,
the inliax of patients is so great that to
prevent tbe work from becoming al
together too overwhelming to the staff
and the resources of the hospital," it
Has become necessary both to increase
tbe money payment and to enlarge the
White hands are nice, but willing
ones are nicer.
How Timber May Be Multiplied.
One of our exchanges has the follow
ing to say in reference to this important
Much has been written about raising
timber, but all the light that can be
shed upon the subject by all the arbori
culturists in the land will not be amiss.
There is no want in the not distant
future which has so forbidding a look
as the increasing scarcity of timber.
Our forests are not producing one
twentieth of the supply we are annually
consuming or are destroying. More
attention should be given at once to its
propagation and preservation. It was
ijaid by some philosopher that he who
makes two blades of grass grow where
but one grew before is a benefactor to
his race. If this be true, and none
will dispute it, how much more credit
is due him who makes a landmark by
the cultivation of trees? Reference to
this subject brings back to our recol
lection a suggestion we saw some time
ago in regard to a simple
mode by which timber may
be increased on those tracts of
land upon which it is being cut away.
It is as follows : Plant the ground in
the fall with acorns, black and white
walnuts, butternuts, the seeds of the
ash, etc. The nnts should be covered
lightly with the soil and decaying leaves,
so that boys and squirrels cannot find
them. They come up in the spring,
and if cattle are kept out of the woods
as they should be by all who wonld
preserve the young trees they will
make a rapid growth, under the imme
diate superintendence of Dame Nature
herself, who has been pretty success
fully engaged in this business of tree
culture, more or less, ever since the
silurian age. In the same way cuttings
may be put out in the timber in the
spring. The mulching of the ground
by the falling of the autumn leaves is
the best dressing that can be putaround !
such young trees, which in a year or so
will surprise you with their rapid
growth. We would discourage no one
who can do so from planting out groves
Y". t r . i. iu """i
svv. !i.i .-.1 1 l-i . 1 Li m iid i 1 11 ii.i n i-. . 1 . .i
hfnts carried oat will enable many to
utilize places now going to waste, and
get a good return for their efforts.
Remarks. Care must be taken that
the acorns do not become dry or they
will never vegetate. They stick out a
pointy root into the ground in the fall.
The same with chestnuts and the like.
Who Not to Marry.
Don't marry a man who wears an eyo
glass, or tight boots with high heels,
who curls his hair or his muBtaciie, who
puts scent in his whiskers, or blenches
his eyelids, who lisps, who has his finger-nails
long and pointed, caref ally cut
in an almond shape, who wears four
button gloves, takes six and three
quarteis and tells you so, who, if he be
dark, wears a red cravat, if he be fair,
a sky blue one there is no surer indica
tion of a man's character than his neck
tie ; I always look at that first who
has enameled visiting cards and a bril
liant monogram, and who always wears
a rosebud in bis buttonhole.
Don't marry a man who keeps bull
dogs. He is sure to be like them.
Don't marry a man who gets up early.
Nothing makes a person so insufferably
Don't marry a man whom nobody ever
says any evil of. Be sure tha,t he is a
Don't marry a good-natured m.:i.
Good nature is to a man what the g'lt
lenf naughty boys sometimes adorn a
sparrow with is to lhat vmhuppy bird.
All the other sparrows get around him
and peck at him.
Birds Scarce in Switzerland.
A traveler writing from this beautiful
land, says of the birds : " Sparrows
and other small birds are caught for
food hereabout, and they are served at
our table in what they call polenta, a
pudding of Indian meal. Tne pudding
is very good and has a pleasant flavor
of Yankee cookery, but the poor little
birds are a wanton sacrifice of life, for
the flesh of a dozen would hardly suffice
for a moderate mouthful. A gentleman
told me that while walking over a coun
try estate he observed many small traps,
and on inquiring of the head-keeper,
learned that they were for catching little
birds, and that there were 27. 000 of them
on the estate, all of which were eaxm
ined twice a day, and the catch sent to
market. In some places large nets are
used to capture these innocents and
the dead birds find a ready sale. After
learning these things, one does not
wonder that birds , are so seldom seen
on the wing, and is also convinced that
the birds that remain alive and come
into such a country are creatures pos
sessing a very blind instinct, and no
vestige or reasoning power. "
A Carnivorous Plant.
A remarkable plant was exhibited
the British Association for the Advance
ment of Science by Dr. Hooker, who
gave the inaugural address as President
biology section. The address was upon
the subject of carnivorous plants, and
Dr. Hooker explained and demonstrated
by experiment some extraordinary dis
coveries of Mr. Darwin's. Among other
things, says a Liverpool paper, he
showed a plant called " Dionial," the
leaves of which were open. A fly was
captured and put upon a leaf, which in
stantly closed, and on reopening it was
found that the fly was completely dis
solved. A bit of beef was afterward
consumed in the same way. The leaf
was then fed with cheese, which dis
agreed with it horribly, and eventually
killed it. Dr. Hooker explained that
the plant's action was precisely similar
to that of the human stomach. The
leaf rejected apiece of wet chalk. Prof.
Huxley, in moving a vote of thanks,
said these phenomena formed a wonder
ful problem. The plant had certainly
a nervous system of its own.
The following table gives the statis
tics of the arrivals of emigrants at New
York since the beginning of the year :
Xuniter of I Kwmber of
arrival from arriottts from
Jan. 1 to I Jan. 1 to
From Sept. 1, '74. from Sept. 1, '7.
Austria 9fl ! Iwlacd in
Australia WiLuxumbnrg 2MS
Africa 1G Malta 10
British America. . .. 4Norway 3,330
fleismm 2:17 New Drunswlck . . . 8
Bohemia 2. 1'29 Portugal 11
t'auada M Iloumania 1
China jKijssia ,
Denmark 2,627 1 Switzerland. 1.840
East India 18 Scotia 3.93U
England 13,514Swedeu 3,108
France I,748j8pain 34
Germany 28,934 1 South America. ... 3
Greece 15) Turkey 10
Hungary united States 1.B49
Holland l,167Walea 1,167
Ireland 32,53!) j West India 16
Me of Man 5S Nova Scotia 48
Italy .328 Total 108,824
Fred Mather, who sailed from this
country a short time ago, having in
charge some 100,000 young shad, in
tended for the streams of Germany,
writes from on board the steamer that
the fish all died of starvation. Another
attempt will be made to transplant shad
from American to German waters.
Crop Movements and Hurt Times.
Out of the gloom and shadow which
settled upon the business of the country
like, a great pall a year ago, we am
surely, if slowly, emerging into a
brighter light and more cheerful pros
pects. It is to be regretted, however,,
that the lessons so harshly learned dur
ing the past twelve months should in
so many important respects be either
forgotten or misapplied And in no
instaace is this to be more earnestly
depreciated than in the present attitude
of the farmers West toward the mar
kets. Whether the result of granger
advice or influence or simply the conse
quence of individual hick of fore
thought, it involves a fatal error, both
of judgment and action, the. fall effect
of which can scarcely be entuiMited. It
is a violation of all tbe laws of trade as.
well as of natural instinct. Providence
in its beneficence having seen fit to
compensate us for our losses of last
year by an abundant harvest, we reck
lessly and ungratefully throw the gift
in His face by refusing to market it.
This, not to put too fine a point upon it,
is what the Western farmers, who are
holding back their gram to-day for
higher prices, are doing. And stupidly,
too. As stupidly as the cheap
economic philosophers who at one time
were so urgent with their advioe to
the South to plant cotton short, so a
to advance the price. We know what
happened when the crop was neces
sarily short. Our farmers now invite
similar consequences in respect to
grain. They virtually abandon the
Liverpool market to Russia, France,.
Hungary and the other grain-producing
districts of Europe, where the harvest
has been as abundant as our own, and:
wiin me provincial purpose, narrow
alike in -conception as in the means of
"wri0g w rega-
rules Chicago as readily an it rules Lon
don or Manchester. It ip, of course
annovinrr to tlm tililirtr f.imu, tl,o4-.
! should be cheated of a full price for hit
wheat by the idle
speculator, but he
cannot remedy that state of things bv
holding back his produce : he simplv
loses his market altogether.
Grain should be going forward freely
at the present time, while the canals;
are open and ocean freight exception ally
low. Even if the farmer does not.
get the price he expected, the cheap,
transportation tells in his favor ; but.
to sacrifice the opportunity thus af
forded to occupy the Liverpool market.,
while it is still open. Sot tbe trivia!
satisfaction of cornering the Chicasro
j speculator, is suicidal. It is to bt
j borne in mind, however, that it is onH
in respect to wheat that we have thiV
; great abundance. Corn, outs nd bar
ley are deficient tho fornw, ia fact,
j being so much so a to serious ;tff set
(pork, farmers being unable to afford
j feeding it to their hoys. Ntu? Vor,';
i Herald, Sept. 14.
Long Battle Between Or.en.
The Augusta (Me.) Journal has the
j following account of a protracted battle.
! between two oxen in that State :
" Mr. Corydon Chadwick and Mr.
Sullivan Erskine have a pasture in com
mon at South China, which they use for
the pasturage of cattle. They have the
present season had several yokes of cat
tle in the pasture. Mr. Obadwick ana
Mr. Erskine have each an ox with a lop
ped or crooked hern, the right horn of
one and the left of the other having that
peculiar formation. Thesiv oxen were
turned loose into tho. common pasture
and it was between them on that s; t
that the pitched battle of which we ears
to speak took place. For several dfcyt
these cattle had been misaing ; when
the other cattle came up these were not
among the number. How rtany dayr
they had been missing before search
was instituted is not definitely known,
but becoming alarmed the owners went
in quest of them. Coming to an open
ing in the woods, covering an area oi
about half an acre. Mr. Chadwick, whe
went in search came upon a sickening
spectacle. The lopped horns of the
oxen were clasped, and the exhausted
animals, united compactly, stood face
to face, waiting for death, having appar
ently given up the struggle. It is sup
posed that while they were engaged in
P1? their horns became entangled;
I t .i i I i .1 1- 11 , I , r- .1 . i . . 1 .1 11 Ih.m.
rible struggle of several days took place.
The open space was literally torn up as
though it had been plowed with a sub
sod plow. When they were turned into
the pasture they were large, fat, 7-feet
oxen, but now they had become so ema
ciated and famished that a person could
almost clasp them round with his arms.
They were perfectly docile when found,
but Mr. Chadwick could not untie the
knot. The horn of each was funk into
the other's head, and it was only by call
ing help, and sawing the horns off, that
a separation could be effeoted. There
were festering sores where the horns
went in. Thus a mortal conflict, lasting
eight days, had been going on between
these oxen, who in that time had not
partaken of any substance, and perhaps
had not been able to lie down. Their
jaws had to be pried open, and (ruel
administered to them,
been united so closely
"were bare to the bone,
the animals may liv."
Their heads had
that their faces
It is possible
OppbBssive Brilliancy. "Madame
Podsnap," says the Saratoga corre
spondent of the Washington Capital,
"descends to breakfast with tho dia
monds good society countennnces in
those who owned gems before the days
of shoddy, sparkling as solitaires in her
ears, and representing 95,000 on her
fingers, and beneath her heavy silk, of
a shade dark enough for winter wear,
is concealed a small fortune, say $50,
000 worth of diamonds in a muslin bag.
She dare not leave them in her room, of
course, and cannot put them in the
hotel safe without giving up the pleas
ure of wearing them each evening, so
she conceals them until evening, when
she displays them evc-ry one ; and she
sleeps with them beneath the mattress.
So she is doomed to diamonds for con
stant companions. It is well. It is the
only brilliancy she understands."
How Thet Get a Horse Up. When
a horse falls down, fourteen men put
their hands in their pockets and ask
each other why they don't do something.
r meen otner men advise the driver un
til he is half mad, and two small boys
stand by with their hands clasped and
an expression of determination written
on every lineament. Then several men.
ask why somebody don't hold his head,
until one old gentleman volunteers to
hold it. He steps forward calmly, bends
over the prostrate animal, and puts one
hand gently on his ear. The horse,
getting tired, raises his head suddenly,
the crowd laugh, and the old gentleman
seems to take no further interest in the
proceedings. Then the horse, having
had all the fun he can ha e, rises like a
tidal wave, and the crowd disperses.
Forest and Sti earn.
A bad habit to get into A ooat that
is not paid for.