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About The Albany register. (Albany, Or.) 1868-18?? | View Entire Issue (Sept. 11, 1874)
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ALBANY, - - . OREGON.
THE YOUNG FOLKS.
Pretty Tolly Pansy
Hasn't any hair
Just a ruff of gold down
Fit for elucka to -wear ;
Merry, twinkling, blue eyes,
And a pair of plump lips
Innocent of teeth !
Either sido each soft cheek
A jolly little ear.
Tainted like a conch-shell ;
Isn't e a dear !
Twic; five little fingers.
Ten tiny toes ;
Polly's always counting,
So of course she knows !
If you take a tea-cup,
Polly wants to drink :
If von write a letter,
What delicious ink !
Helps you read your paper,
News of half the town ;
Holds it just as you do.
But, ah '. it's upside down !
Polly, when she's sleepy,
Means to rub her eyes.
Thumps her nose so blindly,
Teu to one, she cries I
Niildlf noddle uumpkin,
Pretty lids shut fast,
King the bell?, and fire the guns,
Polly's off at last :
Pop her in the cradle.
Draw the curtains 'round,
Fists are good for sucking,
Don't we know the sound ?
Oh ! my Polly Pansy,
Can it, can it be.
That we ugly old folk
Once resembled thee!
How Willie Fell Into the Cistern.
An old straw hat lying on the ground,
and right ont of a hole in the straw hat
grew a little tuft of curly yellow hair !
How did it get there ?
Two little shoes kicking in the air,
and right out from a hole in one of the
little shoes grew a wee dusty toe.
How did it get there ?
Ask Willie's mother.
There were blue eyes under the straw
hat, too blue eyes that were almost
black from looking way down in a dark
hole ! And for all their looking, they
could just see the piece of white bone
with bits of red meat hanging to it, that
"Willie had dropped into the cistern.
Poor old kitty was looking down, too,
and mewing for her dinner, for Willie's
mother had said :
"Now, Willie, take it right between
your thumb and finger, just so, and go
and call the pld cat. Be quick, for
poor kitty is hungry."
And Willie meant to do it all right,
but kitty did mew so hard he thought
it would be a good plan to teach her
Johnny Clark's dog's trick.
" Now bark," said he, holding it
away off; "bark and oo s"all have it,
But kitty couldn't bark, and so she
jumped, and Willie jumped, too, and
forgot to jump the bone, so down it
went with a thump that showed at least
there was a bottom to the cistern. It
wasn't much of a cistern, to be sure
only a great "hogshead" sunk down
in the ground, and not a particle of wa
ter in it.
Still it had that awful name, and
wasn't Henry Scheid's little brother
drowned in a cistern ?
Poor kitty, how she did mew ! What
a mean, mean boy to lose the old cat's
dinner ! Willie thought he would
never dare to go into the house to eat
his ewn, for wouldn't she come in and
mew it out to everybody ?
Willie got a long stick and poked,
but it only made the white bone go whirl
ing around. He wondered what made it
so dark down there. What an awful
giant hog it must have been to have such
a head ! Perhaps they kept such pigs
at circuses. He meant to ask the show-
Jast then kitty mewed louder. Willie
gave a great push with his stick and
tumbled right down into it ! Into the
darkness ! into the cistern !
The bugs all ran, but great worms
came crawling over his hands to see if
they knew him, and big black spiders
got on his head and shoulders to haul in
the lines he had broken through Up
above kitty's two eyes shone like fire,
and Willie thought he was drowning,
and began to call, " Mamma, mamma."
And mamma way off in the kitchen fry
ing doughnuts that sang very loud,
heard the call and ran to the back door.
"Mamma! mamma !"
She looked into the barn, she looked
into the shed. No Willie, but
" Mamma ! mamma !"
She ran up stairs, she opened all the
closet doors. No Willie, but
She looked in the sugar bin and flour
barrel, she went down cellar. No Wil
lie, but now it came plainer
"Mamma ! mamma ! I'm drowning !"
" Willie, where are you ?"
" In the cistern."
Poor mamma. She caught a new rope
and ran out to the real, new cistern; all
was fast screwed down, but she ham
mered away until she got it open, and
looked in. No torn straw hat floating
on the water ! No little fingers reach
four legs kicking him on the head.
"O myl there's a horse tumbling
down here !"
" No, only Willie's high-chair ! Climb
up, little boy, and mamma will reach !"
In mamma's arms, with all the tears
kissed away ! How bright the sun
shone ! How green the grass looked !
" Here's oo bone, kitty. Needn't
never bark no more."
ing up to it ! But still the
' ' Mamma ! mamma !"
" Willie, tell me where you are."
"In ee pig's head, mamma, drownin'
all dead !"
And when mamma poked her sun
bonnet down there she could just see
little Willie all doubled up.
"Johnny Clark can have my top,"
wailed he, " and give kitty a1! my din
ners. How long will it take to get
drowned, mamma ? Will oo wait ?"
No, mamma went away. It sounded
as if she was crying out loud ; and a
great bug crawled up Willie's nose to
see if he was good to eat ; then came
There was a great smoke in the
kitchen, for the doughnuts had sung
themselves black in the face ; but Willie
sat upon the table and ate a great one
from oft" the pan All dusty and dirty,
working the little brown toe that peeped
out from his shoe, thinking how scared
pap would be when he read in the
" How Willie fell in'o a cistern!"
A Talk About Electricity.
" Do look here, Miss Horton ! Isn't
it curious ?" And a group of eager
children gathered around the desk
where their teacher was sitting. The
kind teacher laid down hr book and
said : "wen, Ji,ady, what is it that is
so curious ?"
"Why, I was rubbing this piece of
glass to make it bright, and when I put
it near some pieces of paper they came
right up to it, just as a piece of iron
to a magnet."
"It must be a magnet," said Phoebe.
" I thought, though, that they were al
ways of iron, and would attract nothing
else. Isn't it the strangest thing you
ever saw ?"
" No," said the teacher, "it is not a
magnet, nor is it any stranger than that
the magnet should attract iron."
" Then what makes it draw the paper
to it ?"
" There are many other things be
sides magnetism which tend to draw
bodies to each other. In this case it is
due to electricity."
" But all glass doesn't attract paper ;
nor will this now," said Eddy, vainly
attempting to repeat the experiment.
' No ; it is only when rubbed with
woolen silk or some such substance
that it will do so. Electricity is of two
kinds, called positive and negative,
which exist in all bodies, generally in a
neutral state, that ip, as much of one
kind as another. When a piece of glass
is rubbed ith a woolen cloth, the fric
tion separates the two electricities ; the
negative going to the cloth, while the
positive remains in the glass. Now,
because all bodies have a tendency to
become neutral, each kind attracts the
opposite and repels the same kind; and
it is the same with any body which
is charged with electricity. Such bod
ies will also attract those which are
"If," said Joseph, " all bodies con
tain electricity, why do they not draw
the paper when rubbed? Iron or wood
" Because these bodies are conduct
ors that is, they will allow the elec
tricity to pass through them freely, and
as fast as the electricity is separated
one kind flows off through the hand or
whatever it rests on, while the other
kind flows into it, keeping it neutral
all the time. But glass is a non-conductor
and will not allow the electricity
to escape readily. It is a partial con
ductor, however, and if charged will
return slowly to a neutral state. This
was the case with the piece Eddy had,
when it would not pick up the bits of
"But I thought 'lectricity was fire,"
said little Jennie. " Father says light
ning is 'lectricity, and it was lightning
that burnt Mr. Mead's barn."
" When tlie tension of electricity is so
great as to cause it to pass through a
non-conducting substance it has the
appearance of sparks ; or, if the tension
is very great, or the resistance small, it
gases like a flame. When at rest or
passing through a conducting body, it
is invisible. 11 we were to rub a piece
of guttapercha or sealing-wax it would
become charged with negative elec
tricity. Then if we should hold it near
a piece of glass, positively charged, the
tension would be' so great that the
electricity would escape from one to
the other throuch the air, which is a
on-conductor, in the form of sparks."
I should think you might light a
fire in that way," said Eddy.
So you could," replied the teacher.
" Sufficient heat may be produced by a
electrical current not only to light fires,
but to melt metal and even turn it into
vapor, so that it will pass off into the
air like steam. The most brilliant arti
ficial lights which can be produced are
made in the same way. In the case of
Mr. Mead's barn, a cloud charged per
haps with negative electricity passed
over it. This would draw the positive
current to the surface of the ground,
and when the tension became
enough the electricity would escape
from the cloud with a loud report, an!
striking the barn would of course set
it on fire. Sometimes it passes from
the earth to the cloud."
" But can a spark be drawn from any
thing that is electrified ?" asked Joseph.
"Yes; and from anything through
which an electric current can be passed.
Wouldn't you think it strange to see
anyone touch off a gun with a piece of
" How funny ! " exclaimed Eddy ;
while Phcebe said: "Could one do
that ? I should think ice wouM put out
" i have seen it done," said Miss Hor
ton. " The person who does it stands
on a piece of glass, and the gun is sus
pended by silk cords. These substances
are non-conductors, and do not allow
the electricity to pass through them.
Then the cone of the gun is connected
by a wire to the negative pole of a gal
vantic battery, an apparatus by which
electricity is produced. The person
who shoots the gun takes hold with one
hand of a wire attached to the positive
pole, and with the other hand brings a
piece of ice near the cone. A spark
will then pass between the ice and the
cone, which will ignite the powder and
shoot the gun. But as it is time for
school now, we cannot talk any longer
this time." Our Fireside Friend.
Harry's I hirkens.
Sammy Brent " lived way down
South," and was just as full of misohief
as a boy of thirteen could be. One
evening he came home after a ramble
through the woods and by the river, and
asked his brother Harry, who was eight
years younger than himself :
" Harry, wouldn't you like to have
some funny chickens ?"
" I'm just sure I would," answered
"Well, you take these three eggs and
put them in a box of sand and set it in
the sun, and after a while you'll have
three of the funniest chickens you ever
Harry followed his brother's direc
tions, and morning, noon and night he
migbt be seen watching for his brood to
poke their bills up out of the sand. At
last, one hot day, just before noon, the
"iand began to move, and the queerest
kind of a chicken came out. It had a
long, horny bill, a long, flat body, with
out feathers or wings, four feet, and a
tail nearly as long as its body. As soon
as Harry's excited eyes could see clearly
he exclaimed : " Oh ! oh ! it's a alli
gator ! it's a alligator come out of an
If Harry had been a little older he
would have known that the alligators
bury their eggs in the sand and wait for
the sun to hatch them, and as soon as
the young alligators appear, the mother
conducts them to the water. Hearth
ITS MIGBTY I Ml1 ItO VIST.
The Irish peasantry have tales of a
parabolic character stories which, by
means of some striking action or cir
cumstance, set forth a hearty moral.
On hearing such, their usual phrase is,
"Oh, it is mighty improvin'." And
that, too, is what Molly Malone, a
worthy washerwoman, used to say and
say almost invariably after hearing a
sermon on Sunday. One day, however,
her clergyman, who was not quite con
tent with this generality, spoke to her
respecting his discourse, and Molly sud
denly became what they call in Ireland
a little bothered. Nevertheless, she got
out of her difficulty with one of those
parabolic answers which are such fa
vorites with her class, and which, while
it completely evaded the question, sat
isfactorily replied to it.
Kev. Well, Molly, you liked the ser
mon, you say ?
Mol. Oh, yes, your riverence it was
Rev. And what part of it did you
like best ?
Mol. Well, sure, sir, I liked every
Kev. But I suppose there were some
portions of it that you were more struck
with than you were with others.
Mol. In troth, please your river
ence, I don't "remember any part ex
actly, but altogether 'twas mighty im
Rev.- -Now. Molly, how could it be
improving if you don't remember any
part of it ?
Mol. Well, your riverence sees that
linen I've been washing and drying on
the hedge there ?
Rev. Oh, certainly.
Mol. Wasn't it the soap and wather
made the linen clane, sir ?
Rev. Of course they did.
Mol. And isn't the linen all the bet
ter for it ?
Rev. Oh, no doubt of that, Molly.
Mol. But not a dhrop of the soap
and water stays in it. Well, sir, it's
the same thing wid me. Not a word o
the sarmint stays in me I suppose
all dhries out o' me but I'm the bet
ter and the cleaner for it, when it'
over, for all that.
Say no more about Europe. She
taking care of Joaquin Miller, Josie
Mansfield, Genet, and two American
base-ball clubs, and if that isn't kind
ness what is ?
FA JIM Aim HOME.
The Hale ' Clover.
BV jTUEOD 'OYiIS.
Tl:t morning sun had canted
O'er the cornices and slauted,
And men and horses panted
As they slowly plodded by ;
And still the day grew hotter,
Till it seemed to reel and totter,
And never a flju of water
j Was iu the smoky sky.
And as I wondered whethr
Woul l New York be rolled together
In one final burst of weather,
Like a scroll, and whirled away,
I was very near run over
By a Jerseyman or drover
On a bale of moldy clover
That was perched upon a dray.
I had turned to talk it over
With the Jerseyman or drover.
When a single whiff of clover
Brought a transformation brifrtit.
Straight 1 heard the cattle lowing
And the meadow breezes blowing ;
I saw the grain-fields turning,
The spotted lilies burning,
The lusty robin braving
The cataract and laving,
And all the landscape waving
In a shifting sea of light.
Dow droned the gardens sunny
With the brown bees stealing honey ;
And never a thought of money
Disturbed my vision blest.
But with marigold and tulip
Came, in fancy sweet, the cool lip
Of a Saratoga julep,
And envy filled my breast ;
For I thought with pain and dolor,
As I sweltered in my collar,
Of the limp and ragged dollar
Within my rumpled vest.
And so I banned the breezes
That were born, like lands and leases,
For Dives' sons and Croesus,
Till the sun was fairly down ;
For though his darts he level
Across the cornice bevel,
He loves to stop and revel
Above the fainting town,
Where the summer solstice poises,
And the street sends forth its noises
In a hundred grating voices
Like a wail of agony ;
Till it's oh, to be a-sailing
Like a finny trout or grayling,
Or a lazy cloudlet trailing
Its fleece along the sky.
Hearth and Home.
Ribbons should be washed in cold
suds and not rinsed.
To clean marble rub first with soda
and soft soap, then wash as usual with
The fumes of a brimstone match will
remove berry stains from a book, paper
A little black pepper in some cot
ton dipped in sweet oil is ne of the
quickest remedies known for earache.
To remove iron rust from linen apply
lemon juice and salt and expose to the
sun. Make two applications if neces
sary. As a simple remedy for surface
wounds, such as cuts and abrasions of
the skin, charcoal is highly recom
mended. Take a coal from the stove,
pulverize it, apply it to the wound and
bind up with a cloth. The charcoal
absorbs the fluids secreted by the
wound, resists or corrects putrefaction,
and also prevents the bandage from ir
ritating the flesh.
Coffee Starch. This is an excel
lent starch for black calicoes and col
ored linens, much better than that made
with water, for it increases rather than
lessens the depth of the color. Take a
cup of strong coffee, boiling hot, and
turn it upon two tablespoonfuls of
starch mixed with just enough water to
make it into a thin, smooth paste. Let
boil for fifteen or twenty minutes,
and stir it around two or three times
with a paraffine or spermaceti candle.
When nearly cold, starch dark-colored
calicoes, black muslins, and brown
linens with it.
Black Ants. A chalk mark, at least
half an inch in depth, around the upper
edge of sugar buckets, barrels, etc.,
will sot admit one ant into their in
terior. The same mark drawn on the
edges of shelves will also prevent the ap
proach of an ant, as they are not able
to crawl over the chalk. But if they
are numerous among jam and jelly pots,
take a large sponge, wet it in cold
water, squeeze it nearly dry, and then
sprinkle fine white sugar over it. Place
it on the infested shelf, and next morn
ing dip it quickly and carefully into a
bowl of boiling water. I tried the ex
periment in my jelly closet recently,
and killed at least a hundred in a morn
ing. Have set the trap again, and shall
continue to do so while one ant runs.
Red pepper dusted over their haunts
will also destroy them, but the sponge
is the surest method.
Value of Fodder Corn. At a meet
ing of the Massachusetts Cheese Fac
tory Association, Addison H. Holland,
a Barre farmer, read an essay on fodder
corn. With seventeen cows he experi
mented to see what its value was in
producing milk ; during the month of
July he turned his cows into a good
pasture, after having fed them with
fodder corn, and they showed a large
falling off in milk. He then, through
August, soiled them in the stable, feed
ing fodder corn, and there was a gain
in the production of milk. In Septem
ber they were again turned into the
mowing (full feed) and they fell off.
Mr. Holland cures his corn by spread
ing it upon the stone walls, and regards
it as a valuable feed for milch cows,
when well cured. He thinks fodder
corn the best crop there is to bridge
over a dry time with ; fed sixty or sev-
euty pounds per cow when they were
kept in a short pasture. Rural Xeiv
Hoiv to Use a Bog Meadow.
Mr. John B. Sands, of Vailsgate, N.
Y., read a paper on the best method of
reclaiming a bog meadow, before the
New York Farmers' Club :
" A gentleman wants to know kow to
reclaim or improve a bog meadow.
There are different kinds of soil on
which bogs grow, but they grow no
where, except there is an excess of water.
They are a nuisance ; they start grass
early on their hummocks, but it is soon
so coarse and tough that no cow or
horse will eat it. The first thing is,
drain it well, cut a main ditch ; then if
there are springs en its border on the
outside, dig your drains so as to cut
them all off. If you have your outlet,
that is, the main drain, so low as to
carry all the surplus water off, your
bogs will die in a short time, making it
an easy matter to cut them off by using
a stout bog hoe made for the purpose.
Do not pile them up on the ground, but
draw them off, make a pile of old rub
bish, wood and stumps that will make
or start a good fire in the heap ; once
well on fire they will burn till they are
all consumed, making you a fine lot of
ashes. Make your ditches somewhat
in the shape of the letter V, slanting on
each side toward the bottom. Be sure
and not leave the bog dirt to remain On
the side of your ditches, but draw off
to some upland ; it will pay you well
for so doing. The first year plow as
well as you can, harrow well some dry
hay, sow it with turnip seed in July,
using guano, about 400 pounds to the
acre. I have raised them to weigh 15
pounds each. If the ground on the
meadow is pure bog dirt, with marl un
derneath, you can next year venture to
sow onion seed. They are the best crop
to raise on sucn grouna, at least I find
they pay the best. Cabbage is the next
best, cucumbers are the next, but they
are apt to grow crooked if the ground
is not kept dry enough. Beets, carrots
and parsnips I have tried, but they will
not grow to any length, owing to the
continued moisture below. I am now
setting out a large piece with the colos
sal asparagus, as I find it takes kindly
to the soil. Have tried potatoes, but
if the season is too wet the potatoes will
set on the wines above ground, and the
crop will be a failure. Fodder corn I
raise in large quantities, and with but
"It requires deep drainage ; the water
must be got off, or else your labor will
be lost. It also requires good judg
ment, common sense, labor and indus
try to keep it so. Your ditches must be
kept well, and at least once a year
cleaned out. The top of the water in
vour ditches should always be two feet
from the top of the ground ; and if the
soil is deep you can raise crops for
many years with but little manure or
A DUMB DIALOGUE.
It wrenches one badly to step on the
wrong stair, but few can help laughing
at the awful stride he makes. It is
equally fuany to see a man meet the
wrong " customer," and go to talking
and gesticulating at him as if he was
Jones went to the deaf and dumb asy
lum the other day to inspect the insti
tution. Upon entering he encountered
a man, evidently an inmate, and he at
once endeavored to explain to the man
by making signs upon his fingers that
he wanted to look through the place.
The man also made signs, which Jones
could not comprehend. Then Jones
made other and more elaborate mo
tions, which set the man at work with
crreat violence, and for the next ten
minutes they stood in the hall gesticu
lating and twisting their fingers, with
out being able to comprehend what the
othar naeant. Finally Jones became
angry, and in an outburst of wrath ex
" Oh ! sret out. you idiot ! I'm tired
of bothering with you 1"
Whereupon the man said, " That's
just what I was going to say to you."
"Oh! you can speak, can you?
Then why didn't you do so, and not
keep me standing motioning to you ?
thought you were deaf and dumb."
" I came here to inspect the asylum,
said Jones, " and I took you for
" That's what I came here for, and I
thought you were an attendant," said
Here Jones and the man shook hands
and hunted up a genuine attendant and
went away happy. After this Jones will
always use his tongue, no matter where
he is. Youth's Companion.
In one of the Indiana Congressional
nominating conventions, last week, the
final ballot was: Whole number of
votes, 162 ; necessary to a majority, 82 ;
A. B., 81i ; C. D., 80. It was de
cided, alter ueDate, mat i i was a
" majority," and the nomination was
declared. So, again, m one of the
Iowa district conventions, this week,
the final ballot was : Whole number of
votes, 124 ; necessary to a majority,
63 ; i;;. J)'., 62 80-266 ; Q. H., 56
186-266; scattering, 4. It was decid
ed again in this case that the fraction
(80 256) carried with it the nomination.
POTTEUl OF THE MOVND-BUlLD'
Prof. F. T. Cox read a paper "upon tke
above subject before the American
Association for the Advancement of
Science lately in session at Hartford. He
said that the so-called pottery of the
mound-builders resembles in many re
spects that made by the Aztecs or Tol
tecs of South America and Mexico, and
furnishes another link in the chain of
evidence which serves to trace these
remarkable people to a common origin.
The pottery from the mounds of In
diana is represented by a great variety
of vessels, fashioned after quaint de
signs and adapted to multitudinous
uses. Jugs with long necks, and necks
terminated by figures made to repre
sent the head3 of men, quadrupeds and
birds ; pots with ears and shaped like
ordinary cast iron dinner-pot of to-day;
drinking cups ; basins of great size, used
for making salt by solar evaporation ;
smoking pipes, etc., etc.
A great many whole vessels and frag
ments of this ware have been examined
by me from all parts of the Western
States, and I have been unable to find
any evidence of its having been hard
ened by fire, nor do I believe that it
was sun-baked. It is composed of a
mixture of river mud and, most gener
ally, pulverized fresh water shell,
united in such proportions as to make a
cement that hardens in the air, or when
exposed to moisture, like the concrete
of the ancient Romans, and may, con
sequently, be classed as artificial stone.
In chemical composition it agrees very
closely with the concrete made of or
dinary cement stones.
These facts lead to the conclusion
that the art of manufacturing concrete
or artificial stone did not originate sole
ly with the ancient Romans, but that it
was alike understood by the earliest
aborigines of America. Though it is my
opinion that the so-called pottery of the
Mound-Builders was fashioned by hand
without the use of a lathe, yet I am
convinced that the ancient pottery of
Peru and other South American States
was largely made of pieces formed by
pressing the cement into molds, and
these pieces were subsequently united
together to form the entire vessel. The
lines of union are usually covered by a
band or some grotesque image. The
numerous tubercles and other raised
ornaments which cover the surfaces of
jugs, vases, etc., could only have been
formed in this way. I do not, however,
find any pottery of the Mound-Builders
that would lead to the belief that his
skill went so far as to enable him to
mold it in parts or to fashion it in any
other way than by the hands.
WHAT A YOUNG MAN MAY DO.
Mr. Thomas, in an address at Adrian,
Mich., said many good things, and
among them this : " Every person may
have a comfortable competence as he
advances in years. Suppose that a
young man at 21 begins merely as a day
laborer. If he can lay up only $100
yearly, and add interest to interest at 7
per cent., he will at forty years, or at
the age of 61, have accumulated n less
than $20,000. Many will, however, lay
aside $200 a year, in which case they
would have, at 61 years, $40,000. There
are some leaks which a prudent man
will stop and thus add to the accumula
tions. Suppose, for example, he is
willing to forego the use of tobacco,
which may happen to cost him but $20
yearly, this saving alone will amount to
$4,000 in his lifetime of forty years.
These facts show that everv industrious
person may at least secure for himself a
pleasant and comfortable home."
THE RAILROADS AND THEIR EARN
INGS. Statistics of the railroads of the
United States show that during the
past two years the amount invested in
railways exceeded $1,000,000,000. The
cost at the close of the past year of the
67,237 miles of line was $3,784,543,084,
against $3,159,424,057 for 1872, and
$2,664,627,645 for 1871. At the close
of 1873, the total mileage was 70;651,
of which 37,481 was constructed during
the past ten years.
The earnings of the different roads
for 1872 were $465,241,055; for- 1871,
$403,329,208 ; the increase for the two
years being $123,090,729, or at the rate
of $61,500,000 per annum. The rates of
earnings upon the whole investment the
past year have been 13.1 percent. The
net earnings for the past year were
$183,810,562, or 4.96 per cent., upon
the investment. Theearninirs per head
of our population, estimated for the
past year at 41,211,000, equaled $12.80,
against $11.63 for 1872, and $9.80 for
House Windows. The more light
admitted to apartments the better for
those who occupy them. Eight is as
necessary to sound health as it is to
vegetable life. Exclude it from plants,
and the consequences are disastrous.
They cannot be perf ect without its vivi
fying influence. It is a fearful mistake
to curtain and blind windows so closely
for fear of injuring the furniture by ex
posure to the sun's rays ; such rooms
positively gather elements in darkness
which engender diseases. Let in the
light often, and fresh air, too, or suffer
the penalty of aches and pains and long
doctor's bills whioh might have been