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About The Albany register. (Albany, Or.) 1868-18?? | View Entire Issue (May 21, 1870)
ALBANY, OREGON, SATURDAY, MAY 21, 1S70. .
PUBLISHED EVERY SATURDAY BT
ferries ox corker or ferrt and fibst-sts.
ii. ..Three Dollar
Transient advertisements per Square of ten
lines or less, first insertion, $3; each subsequent
Largor advertisement inserted on the most
Having received new type, stock of colored
Inks, eards, a Gordon Johher, etc., wo are pre
fea ed to exeeuto all kinds ot printing in a better
manner and fifty per cent, cheaper tnan ever ba
tore offered In this city.
Agents for the Register.
The following gentlemen are authorized to re
ceive and receipt for subscription, advertising,
etc., for the Register :
HIRAM SMITH, Esq ....Ilarrisburg.
Judge S. II . CLAUGHTON- Lebanon.
PETER HUME, Esq -Brownsville
W. R. KIRK. Esq
E. K. AVHEELER. Eq Scio.
T. II. REYNOLDS, Esq- Salem.
Oio. W. CANNON, Esq Portland.
L. P. FISHER, Esq 'Frisco.
Attorney at Law,
LEGAL INSTRUMENTS OF ALL KINDS
made an attested. Conveyances and col
lections attended to. I2'6D
BURMESTEK & BELLIXGEU,
LTTORNEYS AND COUNSELORS AT LAW,
Okfice Iu the Parrish Brick. 2S
Attorney and Counsellor at Law,
FFICE On Main street, opposito Foster's
Brick. , 1-09
HDSSELL & FERRY.
Real Estate Brokers & Collectiiis Agents,
Portland, - - - - Oregon.
SPECIAL ATTENTION GIVEN TO THE
Sale of Real Estate. Real Estate Litigation,
aud the Collection of Claims.
Office, North-west corner of First and Wash
ington Streets, Portland, Ogn. feb26-T0-25
S. P. SMITH. GEO. B. COOK.
Corner First and Morrison streets,
Messrs. SMITH A COOK have taken this
well known house, refitted and refurnished
it throughout, built a large addition, making
thirty more pleasant rooms, enlarged the Dining
and Sitting rooms, making it by far the
Best Hotel In Portland.
A call from the traveling publie will satisfy
them that the above statements are true.
SMITH COOK, Props.
N. B. Hot and cold Baths attached to the
house for the benefit of guests. SO
Portland, August 15th, IS69.
Front and Washington Streets,
Xa. P. W. Quimby, - - - - Proprietor.
(Late of tho Western Hotel.)
Hiltabidel & Co.,
rkEALERS IN GROCERIES AND PRO
visions, Wood and Willow Ware, Confec
tionery, Tobacco, Cigars, Pipes, Notions, etc.
Alain street, adjoining the Express office, Albany,
E. A. Frecland,
DEALER IN EVERY DESCRIPTION OF
School, Miscellaneous and Blank Books.
Stationery. Gold and Steil Pens, Ink. etc.. Post
offiee Building, Albany, Oregon. Books ordered
"from New Y'ork and San Francisco. I
S. XI. Clanghton,
""TOTARV PUBLIC AND REAL ESTATE
AGENT. Offico in tho Post OSce building,
Will attend to making Deeds and other convey
ances, also to the prompt collection of debts en
trusted to mv care. I
. B. MITCHELL. X. DOLPH. A. SMITH.
Mitchell, Dolph & Smith,
ATTORNEYS aso COUNSELLORS at LAW,
Solicitors in Chancery and Proctors in Ad
miralty. Office over the old Post Office, Front
street, Portland, Oregon. I
JAMES A. WARNER,
Civil Engineer & Surveyor.
IS PREPARED TO DO SURVEYING AND
Engineering. Uses improved Solar Compass.
Orders by mail promptly attended to. Residence
on 4th St., opposite Dr. Tate's residence, Albany
rOWKLL. t. TLIS5.
Powell Sc Flinn,
A"" TT3RNEYS A COUNSELLORS AT LAW
and Solicitors in Chancery,
(X,. Flinn, Notary Public,)
Albany, Oregon. Collections and conveyances
promply attended to. I
m. n. RrnriELD. r. ir. spixk.
P. M REDFIELD & CO..
ONSTANTLY on hand and receiving, a
large stock of
Groceries and Provisions, .
Wood and Willow Ware, Tobacco, Cigars, Con
fectionery, Yankee Notions, Ac., Ac., Wholesale
and Retail, opposite R. C. Hill A Son's drug
store, Albany, Oregon, 5oct9
ST. CHARLES HOTEL,
Corner First and Washington Sts.,
ALBANY, - -. - - OREGON.
H. BRENNER, Proprietor.
WITn A NEW BUILDING, NEWLY
Furnished throughout, the proprietor
hopes to give entire satisfaction to the traveling
publie. The beds are supplied with spring-bottoms.
The table will receive the closest atten
tion, and everything the market affords palatable
to guests will be supplied. Jan2-2I
Main street, - Albany, Oregon.
meats or All Kinds,
'.. . a r
OF THE VERY' BEST . QUALITY,
THIS HOUSE is tbo most commodious in the
State, newly furnished, and it will be ths
endeavor of the Proprietor to make his gueste
comfortable. Nearest Hotel to tho steamboat
;55g"- The Concord Coach will always be foui
at the landing, on the arrival of steamships ar
river boats, carrying passengers and their bar
gape to and from the boats free of charre.
House supplied teith Patent Fire Extinguishers.
Front street : s s Portland, Oregon.
THE UNDERSIGNED, HAVING PUR
chased this well known Hotel, are now pro
pared to offer the traveling publie better accom
modations than cru be found elsewhere ia the
Board aud Lodging $2 OO per day.
The Hotel Coach will be in attendance to con
vey Passengers and bnggage to and from the
Hotel free of charge.
J. B. SPRENGER.
Office Oregon & California Stage Company, B.
G. Whitkhouse, Agent. 2tf
JVew Columbian Hotel,
N-s. IIS, 120 and 122 Front street,
PORTLAND, lis OREGON
ED. CARNEY, PROPRIETOR.
The Largest, Best and most Convenient
Hotel in Portland!
Located in the center of business and near all
the steamboat landings.
Board and Lodging'
From one to two dollars per day according to the
jgw Rooms newly furnished and well ventil
ated. Supeior accommodations for families.
The New Columbian Hotel Coao'' will be
in attendance at all the landings to convey pas
sengers and baggage to and from this Hotel
17 J&r- Free ol Charge ! E9
Constantly on hand.
G. B. H.AIGHT.
ALBANY SHAVING SALOON.
mHE UNDERSIGNED, HAVING OPENED
fi a New Shaving Saloon, on First street, Al
bany, Oregon, invites all those wishing a Clean
Share, Hair Dressing, or Shampooing, to give
bun a eall.
JT. H. BACEENSTO.
Albany, April 2, 1870.-30
'AIsDAIVlf BATH HOUSE.
mtlE UNDERSIGNED WOULD RESPECT
JL fully inform the citizens of Albany and vi
cinity that be baa taken charge of this establish
ment, and, by keeping clean rooms ana paying
atrict atfntic 3 to business, expects to suit all
those who may favor him with their patronage,
Having beretofore-earried on nothing but
First-Class Hair Dressing Saloons,
he expec's to give entire satisfaction to all.
Children and Ladies' bair neatly cut and
nampooed. JVSKJfH WJiiiU.fc.K-
- MRS. A. J. DUNIWAY,
Fashionable Millineryaiift Fancy Goods.
Follows Dress and Cloak Making in all
their varied branches.
BLEACHES AND PRESSES STRAW GOODS
In Latest Style and best manner.
ST A 31 P FOR BRA ID AND EMBROIDER Y.
Corner First and Broadalbin streets, Albany,
C. ME A LEY
DEALER IN A MANUFACTURE OF
CABINET WARE !
136 deling-, Xto.,
Corner First and Broad Albin streets,
J&t- PARTICULAR ATTEHTIOJT PAID TO
ORDERS OF ALL KINDS
in his lino.
rURXINCr. - TITRATING.
n- i'TvJU. -Si" ' -c:
F ALL KINDS, printed at the very lowest
-- vmerea, at tuis etnee.
J AST PRBPABED TO DO
ALL KINDS OP" TUBNIKG I
I ke'p on hand and make to order
Shop bear the "Magnolia Mills.".
JOHN it. METZLER
. Albany, Not. 28, rs8-I2
Judge Them by their Fruits.
The great cry of the Democratic party,
almost from time immemorial, more par
ticularly oo the eve of an important elec
tion, has been " economy in the public
expenditures." The present canvass is
no exception to the general rule. Every
little cross-road politician in tho State
constantly and persistently harps upon
the word " economy," claiming that the
Democratic party is now and always has
been' " wedded to economy." Yet in
making this assertion they aro entirely
without facts to prove it. Facts and
figures are all against them, as we
have showD, time and again. The
tacts are, wherever tho burdens of
debt and taxatioa have fall most' heavily
upon a State, wherever great wrongs and
absolute thefts have been committed upon
tho people of a State, the originators and
connivcrs at, and accomplishes of, these
wrongs, in every case, are traceable to the
Democratic party. You may look at the
history of any State in the Union, where
the Democracy have had control of the
finances, and in every instance you will
find that the burdens of taxation have
been increased, without any adequate re
turn. You will find that instead of using
economy in the public funds, every spe
cies of robbery has obtained to put money
in the pockets of tho " faithful." During
the late session of the Legislature of Cal
ifornia, which was overwhelming by Dem
ocratic, the doctrine was publicly an
nounced in the halls of the Legislature,
that to the " victor belong the spoils,"
and the doctrine enunciated was carried
out to the utmost. The history of the
outrages and corruptions perpetrated by
that Legislature in the name of Democ-
racy, will forever remain as indelible
marks of the meaning of Democratic
economy and honesty. Xo pledges made
to the people previous to the election
were deemed too sacred "to bo broken,
aud promises and pledges and sworn duty
were all cast aside at the dictation' of
party plunder. So palpably dishonest
and venal, outraging all precedent even
in the history of this party of broken
promises and unredeemed pledges, were
the acts of this Democratic Legislature,
that bed-rock journals of the party died
out with very shame and disgust. And
when this corrupt and rotten Legislature
closes its session, the universal opinion of
every respectable journal in the State is,
that it was the most corrupt, dishonest
and venal body of men that ever assem
bled at any capitol to transact the busi
ness of a State.
Where will you find a worse tax-ridden
people than are the denizens of New
York ? Yet this great city, the metrop
olis of the country, holding it may be
one-half of its wealth in her coffers, is
now and has been for years under the
iron rule of the "economical and honest"
party the Democracy. Under Demo
cratic rule, in every instance, the burdens
of the people have been increased, and
that too by the most useless and extrava
gant expenditure of the public moneys,
to call it by no harder name. When
the great voice of the people took the
control of Jhe State of Indiana out of the
hands of the Democracy and gave it into
the keeping of the Republican party,
with it they gave as a memento of the
" economy and honesty " of years of
Democratic rule, a depleted treasury and
a debt of ten millions of dollars; and this
debt was further increased three millions
of dollars by rebel Democratic warfare
against the Union during her late troubles.
To-day, by an honest and economical
administration of the finances of the
State, the Republican party stand credit
ed with having paid seven millions ef
this debt, created by a Democratio " eco
nomicaL" administration, and before the
first day of next January will have paid
the entire : debt. Tho State Roard of
Sinking Fund Commissioners give notice
to holders of State stocks, that said cer
tificates of indebtedness will be redeemed
in full, on and after July next, upon pre
sentation at the office of the State agent
in the city of New York. Thus we might
go on giving illustrations, showing that
this Democratic cry of "economy and
honesty " in the expenditure of the publie
moneyes iinply means an increase of offi
ces under Democratic patronage, and an
increase of salaries and fee bills for the
benefit of Democratic office-holders.
Wherever Democracy rules there you
find proscription of the most persistent
and radical type, and any measure that is
thought to be demanded for tho perpetu
ation and security of its power and euiol
ument is adopted, no matter how wrong
or unjust, o what its cost to the people
The facts of history, the recorded events
of the times, bear us out in these asser
tions, and they cannot be successfully or
i . 1 4 11 1 1 ,-
trutnruuy ueniea. '.
Scio, May lltb, 1870.
Editor Register : Sir I send yon an artirlo
on slander, by Rev. F. 6. Cassady, wbich I think
certain frentlcmcn (excuse the expression), writing
for the S. R. Democrat, might find it profitable
to carefully peruse:
Human nature discovers its deep moral virus
in no one thing more than its fearful capability
of slander; and oh the record of its moral obliq
uity this vice is undoubtedly its deepest and
darkest stain. - Slander lives by feeding on hu
man character; and marvel is it that its despica
ble agent is considered, the world over, as a mon
ster iu human flesh. And yet in almost every
community the slanderer is a literal fact; he
takes bodily shape before our eyes and is sewn in
call walks iu life. Representatively, at least, be
is ubiquitous, and therefore absolutely unescap
able. In the analysis of slander several vices are
found to enter into the composition. Its first ele
ment is falsehood. A man can never be slandered
by the truth, however much" ho may be damaged
by it. As his reputation should never be more
tbau his real character be must stand of right on
his personal record ; and if the truth hurts in that
case, the fault lies at his on" door. But not to
speak of the sheer fabrication frequently invented
by the a Rents of this vice, it is very patent to any
mind of ordinary perception that the truth itself
may be so represented as to convey an actual
falsehood. Nor is the tongue, the ordinary in
strument of slander, always necessary to a lie ;
indirection is often tho most efficient method of
accomplishing this result. Bwift portrays to the
very life this species of slander in the following
" Nor do they trust their tongues alone.
But speak in language of iheir own ;
Can read a nod, a shrug, a look, -
Far better than a printed book ;
Convey a libel in a frown.
And wink a reputation down;
Or by the Tossing of a fan
Describe the lady and the man."
Another essential element of slander is theft.
The moral enormity of the slanderer is seen in
what ho steals or attempts to steal ; and judged
ty this standard he is the meanest kind of a thief.
What is more valuable or precious to a man than
bis character? Is it not his life in a sense most
important and as such worth everything to him ?
Life, without that honorable recognition wbich
character gives to a man, is hardly worth the pos
session ; ana ytt it is alter tnis precious jewel,
his very life, that thj sljnderer hunts. There is
a keen edge and pungwit truth in the oft repeated
words of Shukespeare : -
"Good name, in man or woman.
Is the immediate jewel of their souls.
Who steals my purse, steals trash;
'Tis something, nothing ; but he
Who filches from me my good name
Robs me of that which not enriches him :
But makes me poor indeed.
The slanderer, whether successful or not in bis
desperate work, is always a thief in motive and
design. Often there is not elasticity enough in
the bow to send the arrow to the mark, but that is
not the fault of the archer. If the slanderer fail
to wrest the diadem from tbo brow of virtuous
merit, it is from sheer iuipntency that his purpose
miscarries. lie aimed to d so, and is, per con
sequence, a miral highwayman. The limitation
of his influence, as expressed by Her vej-, is not
without its comfort to every true character :
"Slander that work of poison, only finds
An entrance to ignoble minds."
Another ric3 which enters largely into the
character of slander ismaice. "Malice is a dispo
sition to injure others without cause fur mere per
sonal gratification," says W bster. If these
terms describe the character of a slanderer, how
despicable, beyond all utterance, is he? To be
eapablo of hating virtue and of seeking to wrong
I moral excellence and all this from pure malevo
lence of heart argues a spirit that better befits
I pandemonium tbau the pale of human society !
j Aud yet there are such spirits abroad all over the
lafe oi civilization. vi nere aro mey not, reader
Who has not seen them ? In bis portraiture of
the Ui.iboli'S of detraction the great bard has
forcibly as truthfully said : ,
"Slander ! Whose edge
Is sharper than the sword ; whose tongua
Outrenums all the worms cf Nile: whose
Breath rides on the frosting winds, and
Iot!i belie all tho corners of the world:
Kins, Queens, aud States, maids and matrons,
Nay, the secrets of the grave, this ripcrous
We complete our analysis of slander by remark
ing that, iu addition to falsehood, theft, and mal
ice, by wbich it is ever characterized, t animus
is especially mean and ata dly. The most des
picable of all cowards is the slanderer. He needs
to wrap about him the investiture of night before
he can essay his demon-like work. Not unfre
quently, under the sacred name of friendship,
does he covertly aim a blow at the virtue and
purity which stamp him by comparison with his.
villainy. He does not take the responsibility of
open opposition : but must needs strike, eoward-
liKe. in the dark, as the serpent bites in tbe grass.
vt nen most a lricud in proiession, men is ue uivs
a fiend in reality. His love is that of Iago to
Othllo Ruin. 1'opo throws tbe character of the
dastardly slanderer in true colors upon the can
vas, when, in speaking of the method he observes
in doing his work, he says of him :
"He damns with faint praises, assents with civil
And, without sneering, teaches the rest to sneer;
Willing to wound, aud yet afraid to strike,
Just hints a fault aud hesitates dislike."
But the real man that man who rears the su
perstructure of character high enough for the
world to gaze upon its noble proportions win
have enemies. It cannot be otherwise. The ex
cellencies and virtues which adorn his character
are in themselves a silent rebuke to the ignoble
and vulgar herd ; and that which cannot be imi
tated will be most certainly traaucea o, mem.
So it has been all along the history of the .ages
and so it is now. These human cormorants fol
low in the wake of manly excellence and virtuous
"As ravenous fishes do a vessel follow
That is new trimmed ; but benefit
No farther than vainly longing."
J. M. JOHNS.
THEIR RECORD, .
From the Salem Statesman of the 13th
instant, we get
GROVER S CHINESE RECORD :
Grover having denied at Portland, in
his publie discussion, that any negotia
tions had been had for the employment
of Chinese in the Salem factory, and pro
nounced the charge made by Uov. Woods
a false, the 9reog7?uiMxf'yesterday (12th),
I he statement is no " slander, nor
was it originated by the Oregonian. We
made the statement in the first place on
the authority of the managers of the lac
tory at Oregon City, who, from the na
ture of their business are likely to know.
And secondly, we called upon the agent
of the Chinese companies in this city,
wl o states that propositions have been
made by the Salem factory company to
the Chinese, with a view ot introducing
this class ef labor in their establishment.
The Chinese consulted their agent about
the matter, and expressed a disinclination
to go, through fear of receiving violent
treatment from mobs at Salem. .
During the discussion at Oregon City, '
Wednesday evening, Gov. Woods repeat
ed the charge, and called on Mr. Jacobs,
of Oregon City Mills, who rose and said:
" I have never addressed an audience
of this size on political subjects,- but as I
have been called on to state what I know
about the matter in question, I will sim
ply state that some time ago I had a con
versation with Mr. Doland, Democratic
Treasurer of Multnomah county, and at
that time agent for the Chinese, in which
Doland told me that Mr. Grovcf had
written him a letter that he wanted to
negotiate for Chinese labor for the Wool
en Mills at Salem, but that he would
delay a final arrangement of the matter
until he could see how that kind of labor
would work in the mills at Oregon City."
Mr. J:icobs avowed himself willing to
make oath to theso statements.
Mr. W. C. Johnson also arose and
stated that Mr. Doland told him the same
We are informed that Mr. Grover did
not find it convenient to, take any notice
of these statements. Of course Grover
had a right to talk of hiring Chinese and
to hire them, and to work them when
hired, but then why need he go and deny
it so fiercely.
The President has nominated N. 6
Store to be postmaster for San Francisco.
To fully aud completely establish the
fact that the manufacturing company of
Salem, in which Mr. Grover is the main
pillar, have been negotiating for Chinese
labor, we publish the following affidavits.
taken from the Oreyonian of May 14th :
State of Oregon, ) M -
Clackamas County, j
I, It. Jacob, dosolctrnly swear that some
time in the fall of 18G8, and at several
times, I had conversations with W. P.
Doland, acting agent of tho Chinese in
Portland I was managing agent of the
Oregon City Woolen Mills. Air. Doland
was extremely anxious to have me take
Chinamen in the mill at Oregon City.
Among other things he stated in the fall of
1868, in his office over Randall's store, in
Portland, that the Salem mill was about
to employ Chinese; that he had just re
ceived a letter from Mr. Grover, the
agent. of the Salem mills, proposing to
take Chinese ; that they were waiting for
roe to do the same, and then they would
go in.. Mr. Grover he said was only
waiting to see the result here, and then
would take them.
Subscribed and sworn to before me
May 13th, 1870.
F. O. McCown, Notary Public.
mills, is a question I am unable to an
swer. W. C. JOHNSON.
Subscribed and sworn to before me,
May 13 th, 1870. F. O. McCowK,
Notary Public, in and for Oregon.
From the Statesman of the 13th inst.,
we get a full expose of
SCnOOL FUND TRANSACTIONS SHOWING
WHO SWINDLED TnE FUND.
We give below the names of the only
two men who have ever swindled the
school or university fund by payment of
depreciated currency in place of coin bor
- B. F. BON HAM,
the candidate on the Democratic ticket
for J udge of the Third Judicial District,
having borrowed coin, on the 27th of
Marcb, 1865, paid the County Treasurer
$540, and on the same day' paid the
Slate Treasurer, $378, both amounts be
ing raid dollar for dollar in currency
worm about tico-tiirat a the tnnnrtf-our.
rowed. These figures are taken from the
public records and will not be denied.
the apostle of Democracy in Polk and
Democratic candidate for Legislature,
offers the following interesting record:
The commissioners of the University
Fund, as any one can learn by applying
to the agent of the board have Ben. Hay
den's note, dated Nov. 13,1861, for $164
at that time all transactions were on a
coin basis secured by a mortgage on
." river lot No. 2, section 1, N. E. quarter
of N. E. quarter, T. 8 south, R 4 W," in
Polk county. The only payment on this
note is dated April 5, 1867, (at which
time currency was worth only 70 cents),
and I. R. Moores, agent of the Board,
has certified on the back of the note that
on that day Ben. llaydcn paid him $200
currency. He owed the University Fund
$200 coin and paid currency worth 70
cents on the dollar.
RECORD OF AN HOD EST MAN JOSEPH O.
Republican Candidate r Congress,
gave his note to the University Fund
Commissiotfers.Oct. 12th, 1858, fjrS180,
with interest at 15 per cent, per annum.
The interest was paid up at that rate un
til Oct. 12th, 1861, at which time the
then State Treasurer, Hon. J. D. Boon,
employed his legal services to forclose a
mortgage given the Fund by J. E. Par
rot and wife, for $1,200 for which servi
ces he was to icceivc $50, the same, by
agreement, to be credited as a payment
on his note, held by the Treasurer as
above. This note was settled as follows:
Amouut originally borrowed $170
Interest from Oct. I2tli, 1851 to Dec. 2-'d,
ISCfi, at li per cent, per annum 132 i!i
Total Prin. and Int. Dec. it, i860.
The House Judiciary committee have
agreed on an important bill regulating
the mode of determinating the ratification
of an amendment to the Federal Consti
tution1, based on one introduced by Bing
ham.- The first section makes it the duty
of the State Executive to forward certifl- -
cates of the ratification to the State De
partment, where they shall be on file ; the
second declares that after the certificate'
of ratification has been given it shall be
unlawful for any State officer to certify to
any repeal, nuless Congress shall hate;
proposed to repeal j and if such, certificate
of repeal is received1 tho State Depart
ment shall make no account of the same,
but it shall be void and of ho effect ; thd
third section declares that after thre
fotlrths of the" .States havo ratified ny
amendment, 'persons o attempting to re
peal, either by Color of State law or .by "
ordinance, shall -be deemed guilty. of
misdemeanor, arid on Conviction be sub-1
ject to imprisonment. . . ' "
Terrible Railroad Accident. A
St. Lbdis (Mof.) dispatch of the 13th
says that a train bearing the dead from
the collision at Eureks yesterday, ar
rived this morning. The inquest was
held: The accident was a terrible one.
The engines came together with such Te
locity as to smash them both to audi'
tinguishable fragments. The tender and
baggage car, with two forward passenger
cars, were absolutely splintered." Thef
engineer of passenger train saw the smoke
stack of the freight locomotive as it was
coming around the curve, and whistled
down the brake, which order was prompts
ly obeyed, and the brakes of the passen
ger train were tight when the engines
came together. . " '
The Indians are again at their devlish
work in Dakota. In one family the
mother had been killed arid the daughter,'
thirteen years of age, carried off, the fath
er making his escape: The excitement
was so great that it was feared the coun
try would, be entirely depopulated. : A
fight occurred between Sheridan's troops
and the red devils, in which the latter
were badly worsted, and a large amount
of stolen stock recovered.
California Crop Prospects.
San Francisco, May 9th, 1870. -Editor
Reoisteb : Dear Sir I
avail myself of the opportunity of penning
you a few lines in regard to the crop
prospects of this State, which I trust you
will give a place in your paper, as it is
no more than right that the farmers in
your part ef the vailey should have the
benefit of the grain market if, there is any
prospects of an advance in prices.
It is now a well settled fact that we
will not have more tnan half a crop of grain
in this State. Should we not have any
more rain, say inside of eight days, we
may not have more than one-third of a
crop. Your farmers will do well to hold
all their oats till, say about the 18th of
July, when they will be able to realize
much better prices than they can obtain
at this time. All kinds of feed grain
will rule higher for the next twejve
months to come.
Very truly yours, II. J. A.
" The burden of Federal taxes " con
tinues to-be one ef many fruitlul themes
with the Democratic press of Oregon.
But they, never give the Government
credit for expending five dollars in Ore
gon for tbe benefit of the people for eve
ry one dollar il lakes from, them in. taxes.
State of Oreoon, )
Clackamas County, f
I, L. E. Pratt, being firftt duly sworn
say : That while I was agent of the O.
C. M. F. Co., in the winter of 1865-66,
W. P. Doland, the thenacting agent ofl
the Chinese in the city of Portland, called
me into his place of business (Randall's)
in Portland, and proposed to furnish
Chinese laborers for the Oregon City fac
tory, and said at the same time he was
negotiating withthe Willamette Woolen
Manufacturing Company of Salem, to
employ Chinese operatives in their facto
ry, lie turtner saia, in substance, that
we (i. e. the O. C. M. F. Co.) would
have to employ them to compete with the
(Signed,) L. E, PRATT.
-Subscribed and sworn to before me, on
the 13th day of May, A. D. 1870.
. F. O. McCown,
Notary Public, in and for Oregon.
State of Oregon,
ri..i. r r S3.
I. W. C. Johnson, do solemnly, swear
that for two or more years before May,
1868, 1 was one of the Directors of the
Oregon City Woolen Manufacturing
Company ; that Mr. W. P. Doland, then
acving agent of the Chinese in Portland,
ascertained from some source, thai" I was
opposed to the employment of Chinese in
said Uregon City mill at that time ,
that several times while I was such Di
rector, Mr. Doland called me into Ran
dall's Music Store, where he was staying,
to endeavor to change my mind on the
subject. In. theso conversations he stat
ed to me more than once that tho Salem
mills were proposing to take Chinese op
eratives, and that we must do so, or they
would run us out of the maiket, by mak
ing goods eheaper than we could. He
further stated jhat these two companies
were afraid of eath other upon this, mat
ter of employing Chinese, but that they
could and ought to agree to' both put
them in at the same time, and that the
Salem Directors and agents were ready
for such arrangement.
Whether or not Mr. Doland in his anx
iety to secure employment for his clients,
misrepresented the maoagcrsof Ike-Salon
By legal services in 1861 $ SO" ;
By coin paid Dec. 22, 18G6.. 100
Bv currency paid Dec. 22d,...;.
"'66, $200 at T6ie.....M 151 50
We call attention to' the fact' that
Judge Wilson paid 15 per cent, interest
at the same time Ilayded and Bonham
were only paying 10 per cent., and that
he paid full inteiest from Oct., 1861, to
Dec. 22d, 1866, on the $50, which should
have been credited at the tiuic. He
overpaid the interest $37 50. He paid
more interest than he ought, and his
case offers a proper opportunity for
The account should have been settled
Oct.12,1861 ,Princ!pal(Tn tcrost being paid)$l 1 0 CO
Cb. By legal services '01 "50 00
Amount at interest,.. S120 00
Interest to Dec. 22d, 18G6 5 years 2 months
and 10 days at 15 per cent 93 05
Amount justly due .......$213 05
Paid coin $100
currency, - 2C0
Leaving an actual cash balance due
Judge Wilson, in coin, after payment of
note and interest or, .
The new Constitution of Illinois was
I signed on the 12th by all the members
ut nve ol tne convention wnicn iramcu
it, and will be submitted to a vote of the
people on the last Saturday (30th) of
July hext. An- address to the people has
been issued setting forth the prominent
features of the Constitution.- The press
f Chicago generally commend the new
Their Homestead Policy. It is
edifying to find the Democratio press
contending that the public lands should
bo reserved wholly for homesteads for
the people, and that none of them should
be given for the construction of railways.
That party comes up in an entirely
new character, when it appears as the
champion of homesteads. It always re
fused to pass a homestead law ' while it
had power. " It was not until ilay, 1862,
when the Republican party was in the
ascendant, that the bill to grant home
steads to settlers passed. Then every
Democrat in the Senate save oe Toted
against it, and every Senator identified
with the Republican party voted for it.
Senator Stark of this State voted square
ly against it: Senator Nesmith dodged
the nuestion. An examination of the
Conaressional Globe for tbe second ses
sion of tho Thirty-Seventh Congress,
Par Third, page 1951, discloses these
In February precediug the passage of
the bill in the senate it was betore the
House. The only opposition it met was
from the Democratic side. Among those
voting nay, when the bill was put on its
passage, was Ueorge is., fehiel, the l)em
ocratio Representative from Oregon. A
Democratio Representative from a State
whose citizens bad each been given i
souare mile of land by the General Gov
eminent voted against a homestead act
designed to secure to actual settlers the
benefits of a home upon the public dot-
main'. From this it will be seen that
Oregon, then represented wholly by Dera
ocrats, gave no rote lor the measure
which the Democratio press hero now
professes srymuch to admire. The record
ot tbe party on tnis subject is not such
as to inspire the country with much cbn
fidence in its present professions-. Ore
ffomatt. . 1 .. ..
A Portland club has the followng que-'
iiga - proposes ior discussion : tteq
big. maw ache harder than- a little man
Before the House Committee on Appro-1
priations, Maj. Powell has moved the ap
propriation ot $15,000,000 lor the survey
of the canyons of the Colorado river:
Dead. Theo. Clay, son Of - HWry
Clay, who for nearly fifty years has been
da ibthftte of the Lexincton lunatic asy-
turn, is dead.
It is announced that the Varioloid has
broken out among the inmates of the
Deaf and Dumb Asylum, at Jacksonville, .
DiALoabE oSt Newspapeb'S. How
docs it happen, neighbor B., that your
children have made so ranch greater
progress in learning and knowledge of
the world, than mine ? They all attend
the same school, and for what I know,
enjoy equal advantages. : :
Do you take the the newspapers.
neighbor A ? 1
No, sir. I do not taker thfcm myself: I '
sometimes borrow one, just to read.
Pray wbat have newspapers ' to dd with
the education of children? " .
Wby, sir, they have' a vast deal lot do-
with it, I assure you. I should is soon
think of keeping them froni School, as
to wtturia iron mem tne newspaper, ll
is a little school ia itself. Being new 1
every week it attrac s their attention. '
and they are sure to pertise it. Thus .
while they are storm's their mind With
useful knowledge, tbey are at the same
time acquiring tbe art or read rag. I
Rave often been surprised that men of
rmderstanding should overlook tho im
portance of a newspaper ifl a family. .
in truth, neighbor IS.: 1 frequently
think that I should like thenr,- but I can
not afford the expense.
i;au't afford the expense? What, let
me ask, is the value of two or three.
dollars a year, in comparison with the
pleasures and advantages to be derived
from a well conducted newspaper? As
poor as I am, I would not for fifty-dollars
a year deprive myself or tbe happiness l
now enjoy of reading Mdf hearing my
children read and talk about what they
have read in the newspapers. And then,
tne rejection' that they aro growing up
useful and intelligent members of society.
Oh, don't mention the expense pay it
in advance every year,- and your will
think po more of it.
The hair-dresser of the Kiflprcss re
ceives fifty thousand francs a year, salary,
besides perquisites. As the Empress-
getting a Rule bald, & though! that
cuttitfg her hair might sate it; and con
sequently the iottRhtelaine braids are
Coin out of fashion, and the hair will bo
worn short and curled eloeg to the head,
like a uian'sr. -