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About The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current | View This Issue
THE MORNING OREGONIAN". SATURDAY. OCTOBER 23. 1920
Noted Medical Men Urge Ore
gon to Stand Firm.
PUBLIC HEALTH AT STAKE
Kaperts Say Passage of Proposed
Anti-Compulsory Bill Would
Be Step Back to Dark Ages.
WHAT LKADI.NG PHYSICIANS
AM) SC1KXTISTS THINK OF
Dr. Milton Joseph Rosenau.
noted bacteriologist Adoption
would put civilization back into
the dark ages and be a serious
blow to preventive medicines.
Adoption would militate against
work of health authorities and
place Oregon far below stand
ard of progressive states.
Simon Flexner, director Rock
efeller Institute of Medical Re
search Adoption would mark
Oregon as a state opposed to
the advance of medical science
and the protection . of public
Victor G. Heiser. Internation
al Health Bureau Adoption of
anti-vaccination measure would
be taking serious risk with the
lives of citizens and children of
Committee of public health of
the Association of Life Insur
ance Medical Directors Failure
to continue protection of public
health which vaccination af
fords would be criminal.
J. W. Fisher, medical director
Northwestern Mutual Life In
surance company Adoption of
measure would not only seri
ously affect health of people in
Oregon, but lives of persons
living outside your state would
also be jeopardized.
A f1rnt i rirt of t h en-cnllfrl anti-vappi-
natfnn hill u-hinh 1: rn thA ctatp hul- f
lot for the November election, would
be a step back Into the dark ages, an
infringement upon the rights of other
states in the nation and a serious
blow against the health of Oregon's
school children, according to leading
surgeons, bacteriologists and physi
cians and directors of health conser
vation departments of leading Insur
The sentiment expressed by these
men was obtained in telegrams re
ceived yesterday in respon.se to a
message sent by The Oregonian. in
. which the text of the proposed
anti-vaccination bill was quoted ami
an opinion requested on the effect of
adoption of such a measure.
Most emphatic was the warning
that came against the adoption of
the measure from such men as Surgeon-General
Cummings of the United
States Bureau of Health: Dr. Milton
Joseph Rosenau, considered one
of the leading bacteriologists of
the world, . a scientist - who has
given the major . portion of his
time during the last 20 years to pre
ventative measures with which to
combata disease: Dr. Simon Flexner,
director of the Rockefeller institute
for medical research: Dr. Victor G.
Heiser. director of the international
health board, formerly director of
health for the Philippine islands, and
Plexnrr Opinion In Valued.
Thcopinion of Dr. Simon Flexner on
the proposed anti-vaccination bill is
of particular value, inasmuch as di
rector of the Rockefeller Institute
of Medical Research, it is incumbent
upon him to do everything possible
to conserve public health. The Rock
efeller institute is not a mercenary or
ganization. Its particular function Is
to serve the human race by devising
means by which to lengthen life and
prevent premature death.
The telegram which The Oregonian
dispatched to these authorities is as
"Following constitutional amend
ment to be voted on In Oregon. No
vember 2: 'No form of vaccination.
lnnocul.it ion. or other medication
shall be made condition In this state
for admission to or attendance in any
public school, college, university, or
other educational institution: or for
employment of any person in any
capacity, or for the exercise of any
right, or the enjoyment of any privi
lege.' "If compatible, please wire briefly
your opinion of effect adoption of
this amendment would have on public
health in Oregon and particularly its
wisdom in state' having ocean ports
where bubonic plague, cholera, typhus
or smallpox might enter."
The seriousness of the adoption of
this measure by the voters of the
state of Oregon Is emphasized in the
telegram received from Surgeon-General
Cummings. which reads as fol
lows: "The proposed amendment to the
Oregon constitution, if adopted, would
seriously militate i-.gainst work of
he4..th authorities in preventing the
spread of disease by lemoving one f
their most effective weapons.
"Would Be Long Step Backward.
"Such legislation would be a long
step backward and would place Ore
gon far below the standard of pro
gressive states. Apparently it would
be in contravention to federal laws
and regulations enacted to prevent
the introduction of such diseases into
the United States, and' to prevent their
spread from one state into another.
I feel in duty bound to make this
statement in the interest of the pub
lic health of the entire United
Passage of the proposed measure
would be a direct blow to the health
of the entire United States, accord
ing to the opinion of Dr. Rosenau.
who. from 18m) to 1909. was surgeon
of the'United States public health and
marine hospital service, a director
or the hygienic laboratories in this
service, a professor of preventive
medicine and hygiene in Harvard
medical school for many years, and
is acknowledged to be one of the
K-;tiluiK bacteriologists of the entire
Dr. Rosenau's opinion of the pro
posed bill is as follows:
"The proposed constitutional
amendment concerning vaccination,
inoculation or other medicines as
a requisite for admission to public
schoola. etc., is a step backward.
Such a law would put civilization
back Into the dark ages. It would
be a blow to preventive medicines
and would surely seriously . affect
public health. The state of Oregon
is exposed through its seaports to
bubonic plague. cholera. typhus,
smallpox and other exotic pestilences.
The prevention of smallpox depends
upon preliminary vaccination. Typ
hoid vaccine has been successful in
the prophylaxis of that disease. Sal
varsan (606) is a specific medicine
and Its prompt adm.yfVtration de
stroys the infection and helps prevent J
the spreading of the greatest cancer
of humanity. The control of other
Infections, such as diphtheria, depends
largely upon the use of antitoxin
and prophylactic inoculations which
protect susceptible individuals. No
state has a right to endanger the
health of other states by permitting
pestilences to enter and spread.
School children should not be sub
jected to the danger of contagion be
cause one or more persons do not
believe or understand the blessing
of preventive medicines."
J.avr Would Menace Country.
With the benefit of years of re
search work behind it, the Rocke
feller institute is considered authori
tative on medical prevention and the
following telegram from Dr. Flex
ner of this institution is particularly
"Replying to your, telegraphic in
quiry of October 20, I would state
that any law which interferes with
or prevents the use of vaccination,
inoculation or other medication by
properly qualified physicians would
deprive the citizens of a state advo
cating it of some of the most effective
ways of preventing disease and sav
ing life, and mark such a state as op
posed to the advance of medical sci
ence and the protection of public
health. The menace of such danger
ous legislation would be particularly
great in a state with open ports and
at a period in the world's history in
which destructive epidemic diseases
threaten from every side."
A community which fails to employ
vaccines, serums and other biological
products in the prevention of disease
is taking a serious risk with the lives
of its citizens, according to the opin
ion of Victor G. Heiser of the inter
national health board. His "telegram
is as follows:
"In reply your telegram. Careful
observation shows that vaccines,
serums and other biological products
are powerful weapons in the preven
tion and control of disease. A com
munity which fails to employ these
approved preventive measures , is
taking serious risk with the lives
of its citizens and children. It is
also endangering health and ljves
outside its borders, as disease re
spects no state or national bounda
ries. In the Cuban war more Amer
ican soldiers were killed by typhoid
fever than by bullets. In the world
war over 4.000,000 American troops
were inoculated against typhoid and
only a few dozen deaths occurred
from this disease.
Philippines Are Benefited.
"In the Philippines, before the in
troduction of effective vaccination,
40,000 lives a year were lost from
smallpox. This disease was wiped
out in every section of the Philip
pines in which vaccination was main
tained. No deleterious results" to
health followed?the vaccination of
the 7.000,000 people of the Philip
pines." In wiring to the various health de
partments of leading insurance com
panies of the United States, The
Oregonian simply sent the text of
the proposed measure and requested
an opinion of the effect the adoption
of such a measure would hare on
public health in the state of Oregon
and its possible bearing on insurance.
The replies received were as xo lows:
"We very earnestly oppose the
proposed constitutional amendment
referred to in your telegram and
urgently advise voters of Oregon to
register an overwhelming negative
at the polls, in view of the universal
experience of the human race and
the virtual stamping out by vacci
nation of a pestilence which for
merly at frequently repeated inter
vals decimated the population. Fail
ure "to continue the protection of the
public health which vaccination af
fords would be criminal. In every
instance in which vaccination has
been abandoned outbreaks have oc
curred, usually promptly. Millions
are living today who would not be
aliye but for vaccination, and to
discard the use of this simple, -safe
and sure preventive would be -foolish
in the extreme. Statistics of life
insurance are abundant and exten
sive and all support the contention
of the best medical scientific opinion
of the world.
"Committee of Public Health
of the Association of Life
Insurance Medical Directors."
Other Opinionj Expressed.
"In my opinion the public health
not only of the people of Oregon but
elsewhere will be serloiftly affected
by the adoption of the proposed con
stitutional amendment providing that
no vaccination, inoculat?on or other
medication be made a condition re
specting the enjoyment of certain
rights or privileges therein stated.
Any such amendment would, in my
opinion, be also a serious menace to
the business of all life insurance com
panies transacting business in the
"J. W. FISHER,
"Medical Director, Northwestern Mu
tual Life Insurance companv."
"I regard any effort to lessen value
of vaccination as a dangerous move,
especially as applied to all educa
tional institutions in the state of Ore
gon or elsewhere.
"Medical Director of Conservation,
Kquitable Life Assurance society."
FARM BUREAU TO GO ON
Clarke County Organization Plans
VANCOUVER. Wash., Oct. 23. (Spe
cial.) Members of the Clarke county
farm bureau at a special meeting
here today decided to continue the or
ganization and a membership -campaign
to raise funds for necessary ex
penses will be started.
The bureau appropriation of nearly
$10,000 was cut from the budget by
the county commissioners- this year
and the organization now hopes to ob
tain enough memberships at $5 each
to equal that amount. In addition to
this, the State college will contribute
2700 toward salaries.
A committee of 30 members was ap
pointed to take charge of the drive.
R. E. Gerrard. president of the farm
bureau, called the meeting when he
learned that the county commission
ers had cut out the appropriation for
MILLINERY TO BE TAUGHT
Course Especially for Faculty at
Corvallis Is Arranged.
OREGON AGRICULTURAL COL
LEGE, Corvallis. Oct. 23. (Special.)
A course in millinery Is to be held
especially for faculty women, wives
of professors and other women em
ployed on the campus. The course,
embodying the latest in the art of hat
making-, will be held evenings in or
der that all may take advantage of it.
Miss Helen McFaul, formerly of
Portland, instructor in millinery, will
have charpe of the course. The mak
ing of hats and millinery accessories
such as scarfs, bags and flowers will
be featured. Hat renovation also will
Treaty Revision to Be Considered.
SAN SALVADOR. Oct. 23. Pro
posals for the revision of treaties
with the United States and the defini
tion of the rights of Central Ameri
can peoples advanced by the Salva
dorean foreign office, will be consid
ered at the conference of Central
American republics, commencing at
San Jose. Costa Rica, December 1.
Phone your want ads to The Orego
nian. Main 7070, Automatic 660-95.
IMMIGRATION ISSUE i
IS HELD PARAMOUNT
Representative Johnson Has
New Bill for Congress.
ALIEN INFLUX CRITICAL
Legislator Tells II w aeo Audience
That Foreign Hordes Mast Be
Barred Against Disaster.
ILWACO. Wash.. Oct: 23. (Spe
cial.) Albert Johnson, representative
in congress, spoke here Friday night
to a large audionce in the Ilwaco
theater, devoting much of his time
to the great national problems of
immigration and naturalization, which
problems are before the committee
of which he s chairman. The con
gressman said the United States was
facing a tremendous influx of foreign
population, and" that it was impera
tive to take steps to meet it in a
Representative Johnson said that
until world conditions resumed nor
mal, immigration should be limited to
the relatives of naturalized citizens
of the United States.
"Cheap labor is dear at any price,
and the plan which I shall offer at
the winter session of congress will
provide ' sufficient immigration for
the immediate future and probably
enough for the years ahead," said
Mr. Johnson. "Relatives here gladly
will give guarantees for those whom
they desire to bring, and this will
do away with the congestions and
the uncertain examinations at Ellis
island,- and end the heart-breaking
scenes which occur there every day.
when the poverty-stricken and -the
uninvited are denied admission for
various causes, and turned back on
a dreary trip to the countries they
Immigrants Pouring In.
"Much uncertainty as to the size
of the immigration movement pre
vailed all last year, but that uncer
tainty is now removed, for immi
grants are now pouring in many
thousands a day. Not less than 3,000,
000 of the people of Poland are seek
ing transportation to the United
States and nearly as many Italians.
"All available steerage accommo
dations have been engaged for nearly
a year ahead, and plans are under
way to convert some of the idle ships
offered for sale by the shipping board
into immigrant ships. At the offices
of American consuls everywhere in
Europe aliens are begging for vises
to their passports. The consuls have
little authority for refusal to vise.
"Detroit, Philadelphia, New York
and other large cities are faced with
acute housing problems, which are
made more serious by the arrival of
the steady stream of aliens which set
in last August.
Tenement Vlcer Is Spreading.
"The new arrivals are forced to
lodge in tenements already over
crowded, and it is easy to predict dis
tress, suffering and misery in these
cities, 'with long bread lines, before
the winter is over. - Already, is there
unemployment. Quick action by con
gress is necessary."
Representative Johnson described a
proposed new plan of naturalization
which carries, with it annual volun
tary registration, annual examination
and a new form of oath at the time
of taking out first papers, in which
the alien affirms that he is not an
anarchist and that he does not belong
to any society or group which advo
cates anarchy, overthrow of govern
ment by force, assassination, -willful
destruction of private property or
Mr. Johnson's new naturalization
bill provides for the separate natural
ization of the wives of aliens. This
is made nece.ssary by the extension of
the franchise under the woman's suf
frage amendment. The bill also pro
vides that American women, who
marry aliens may retain their citizen
ship as long as they stay in the United
States. The representative is con
fident that the naturalization bill will
pass during this winter's session.
Japanese Exclusion Indicated.
Mr. Johnson said also that an at
tempt would be made to carry a
Japanese exclusion provision' in the
new immigration bill. All other
orientals, Malays and Hindus are now
excluded He predicted that Mr.
Harding would carry the state of
Washington by 50,000 or 60,000, and
that Governor Hart and all republican
nominees would have big pluralities.
The representative discussed na
tional issues briefly and said that the
situation had been briefly summed
up in a lively limerick which is going
around, and which declares that
There once wai a person named Cox,
Who wanted to wear Wilson's sox.
But his friend made a holler
When they found Wilson's collar
Was wrapped in the very same box.
STEVENS TO HELP TUX
EX-FIRE MARSHAL TO RETURN
TO SAVE BUREAU.
Defeat of Three-Mill Levy Would
Cripple Portland's Work,
Says Prevention Expert.
Because he believes that defeat if
the three-mill tax. which the city
council has asked the voters to
authorize for next year as it did a
year ago for the present year, would
destroy years of fire prevention ef
fort in Portland, Jay Stevens, in
charge of the fire prevention bureau
of the national board of fire under
writers, has decided to come to Port
land to aid in the campaign for the
re-authorization of the tax measure'.
Mr. Stevens, who was formerly
battalion fire chief and fire marshal
of Portland, is scheduled to arrive
in the city Monday morning, accord
ing to a letter received last night bv
City Commissioner Bigelow. So that
he might take an active part in the
three-mill tax campaign, Mr. Stevens
delayed the inauguration of several
fire prevention campaigns in eastern
cities and is making a cross-country
journey direct to Portland.
"I have decided to come to Portland
and should arrive Monday morning,"
reads the letter received by Commis
sioner Bigelow. "Although there is
much important fire prevention work
to be launched in the east. I do not
know of anything more important in
my work than to aid in the campaign
to obtain a re-authorization of the
"While I am not so concerned over
the financial difficulties of Portland,
insofar as they affect other depart
ments, I am decidedly worried over
the effect of a defeat of the tax
measure on the fire bureau. Know
ing Portland conditions as I do, it Is
easy to realize that a reduction which
would be necessary in the event of
such defeat would ' demoralize the
Portland fire department.' :
"Much time and effort has been
given to fire prevention work in
Portland and it now looms as a city,
which is in the forefront in this work.
But a reduced fire bureau, inadequate
in equipment and manpower, would
wipe out all effects of fire prevention
work. It would even affect the fire
prevention bureau, for I cannot Bee
how this department will be able to
escape uncut any more than any
Mr. Stevens until "recently "was in
charge of the fire prevention bureau
of the Pacific operated by the board
of fire underwriters. Recently he
was placed in charge of fire preven
tion work throughout the United
According to Commissioner Bige
low. Mr. Stevens has kept a close
watch on Portland and conditions
.-. BURS .
Complete line of
' Dental Instruments, Supplies
and Office Equipment.
Get Our Price.
OREGON DOTAL Sl'PPLY CO.
31. 1 SelllaK Bids.
Display Stock for Your
the upstairs idea in a nutshell
Everybody knows that you get a good price on any
thing you buy in large quantities. Likewise, if you sell
goods in large quantities, you can afford to sell at a very
small individual profit.
By being content with extremely small profits and Hy
cutting the cost of doing business successfully to the bone,
we are able to mark our goods at such attractive prices
that thousands of men and young men make this their
Clothes Headquarters. They wouldn't think of going else
where, and they constantly bring their friends.
That's what we mean by the upstairs idea that and
our guaranteed saving to you of $10 on every garment in
our three great stores -and satisfaction is guaranteed
with every garment on a money -back basis.
Of course, the QUALITY must be there, too. That's
why we carry only the best quality in standard-made
clothes of national reputation.
Satisfaction or Your Money Back
RALEIGH BUILDING, Sixth and Washington
Fahey-Brockman BIdg., Seattle. Arcade Bldg., Seattle
here, especially In the fire . bureau.
It is probable that meetings will be
arranged for Mr. Stevens in various
parts of the city, although definite
plans will not be made until he
arrives and has had a conference
with city officials.
Strike Holds Vp I,iner.
LONDON, Oct. 23. In consequence
of the coal strike the sailing of the
Cunard liner Kaiserin Auguste Vic
- Established 20 Years in Portland
C. GEE W0 Chinese Medicine Co.
The C. Gee Wo Chinese Medicine Co.
162 2 First Street Portland, Oregon
J5uy up-stczirs and scnfalO
toria for New York, scheduled for to
day, was indefinitely postponed.
Voters Must Bond County.
PRINEVILLK, Or, Oct.' 23. (Spe
cial.) One of tJie local measures to
come before the Crook county voters
on Nov. 2 is whether or no there shall
be issued bonds to fund warrants
drawn on' Its treasurer, to evidence
'debts and liabilities imposed on it
by law and which the county is pow
erless to prevent. These bonds would
No operations. No poison used in our -wonderful
remedies, composed of the choicest
Oriental roots, herbs, buds and baric, many
of which are unknown to the medical science
of this country. Our remedies are harmless
and have made many sufferers from ca
tarrh, asthma, lung and throat, rheumatism,
nervousness, stomach, liver and kidney trou
ble, female disorders, etc., happy. Many
testimonials given unsolicited by persons,
male and female,, -who have used my root
uid herb remedies.
O M V
be In the sum of .1100,000, bearing
per cent and their life would be from
six. to 15 years. The county is in
financial straits, due largely to war
A poor fitting- truss by not
properly holding- rupture is dan
gerous and worse than no truss
at all. Anyone can sell a truss,
but it takes an expert truss fitter
to fit one. We specialize in fit
ting tresses, guaranteeing satis
faction in every instance. The
Seeley Spermatic Shield Truss is
the best, usually closing the open
ing in ten days. Send for illus
trated circular and measuring
Also Abdominal Supporters. Elastic
Stocking", Shoulder Bracea, etc
td and Tarn hill Sts.. Portland. Oregon
Our Store Cloud Sunday.
rants Inherited when the county- was
last divided, and there is no way to
pay off these warrants except by an
issue of bonds.
ttfm avenue; ,