The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current, July 04, 1920, Section One, Page 4, Image 4

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Bright of Starvation Said to
Cause Death Harvest.
Counlrjsido Scoured for Miles
Around Illegally but Author
ities Wink at It.
Formrr Editor of th London Dally News.
Copyright by New York World. Published
by arran-ement.
FRANKFORT. July 3. As I crossed
the open space In front of the fine
station here last evening- I eaw a
strange spectacle. There poured out
of the station a great stream of peo
ple bearing burdens upon their backs
and in their hand rucksacks, baits,
boxes, sacks, obviously heavy. The
people were of all classes, all aKes and
both sexes. But women and. children
Some of the children could hardly
stagger along under their loads. They
were barefooted, like most of the
urban children and practlcall all of
the country children in Germany to
day, boots beinir one of the many un
attainable commodities of life how
unattainable you will understand If
you go down any poor quarter and
see the pathetic little crowds standing
round stalls where the most incred
ible wrecks of boots are being treated
with a composition that will hold the
wretched fragments together for an
other day.
Food la Forasred.
I asked the meaning of the heavily
laden crowd that I had met, and
found that this nightly spectacle con
sisted of the returning foragers of
the city who go out to scour the
countryside for 20 miles round in
search of potatoes to eke out the mis
erable ration. It is illegal,' of course,
but the authorities wink at it, for life
on the legal ration Is Impossible, and
those who can afford to forage for
themselves are permitted to do so.
Those who can't afford it have to
tighten their belts and wait. Most
cannot afford it, for no one travels by
rail today who can avoid it, owing to
the enormous increase in fares.
In this general dead level of pov
erty it is the children who are most
to be pitied. It is a tragic thing to
bo born a German child today. He
is born into a hungry world and to a
hard life. As you go through the
schools, stand in the classrooms,
watch the children at work, you have
the sense of a whole generation
stricken by a blight. It is revealed
in the puckered brows, the lusteriess.
uncertain eye, the anemic faces, the
bandy legs, the dry, cracked, flabby
skins, the swollen abdomens, the uni
versal air of exhaustion. It is a gen
eration which has never known what
a sufficiency of food means.
Children Are Starved.
For five years that Is, for al
most the whole of the life they re
member they have been starved.
They were never worse starved than
during' the nine months' blockade that
followed the war. They are still
starving a whole nation of children.
The fortunate ones die (60 per cent
more infants died in Berlin alone
during 1919, a year of "peace," than
in 1913); the rest aro starting their
life with a physical and mental in
efficiency that will make life a bur.
den. The "English sickness" alone
(rickets), the result mainly of the
post-war blockade, has claimed hun
dreds of Ihousands. Tuberculosis In
all its variations has swept the child
life like a plague.
In Leipzig there are 8000 tubercu
lar children: in Cologne, 10,000: in
Berlin, 30,000. The mortality among
small children has reached 25 per
cent. The mortality of older children
has gone up 85 per cent nearly dou
ble. In the 115th public school of
Berlin, out of 650 children examined,
305 had no proper sleeping space,
370 had no heating In their homes,
341 had not a drop, of milk from
week-end to week-end. The number
of children who have died of tuber
culosis and hunger in Germany had
reached a million in April last. These
are not facts that are in doubt. They
are established, not by the German
authorities only, but by every outside
investigation, whether American or
England Given No Help. 1
Against such a sea of misery the
utmost that could be done would be
like a drop in a bucket. What is
being done is being done by America
mainly, by Sweden and other coun
tries. Apart from the work of the
Quakers, England is not soiling itself
by touching the children of the de
feated enemy. Even the splendid
work of the "save-the-children" fund
except for a few trifles at Leipzig
and other places does not reach here.
It passes on to Austria, to Bohemia,
to Poland. Broadly speaking, Ger
many is left out. I inquired the
cause. It is this: For every 1 raised
by the fund, the British government
adds 1 but not for German relief.
And so the fund, anxious 'to get its
2 for 1, spends the money where
its power is doubled. Oh, brave Brit
ish government! I see from the pa
pers here that it is going to spend
three millions to p.ut its soldiers in
red coats again. It is a fitting ac
companiment to the organized star
vation of its late enemy's children.
Non-Sectarian Meeting Called.
Held under auspices of the Falls
View mission of Oregon City, the an
nual non-sectarian mass meeting of
that city will take place next Tues
day at the grounds of some .member
of the mission. The principal speaker
of the day will be Rev. John Ovall
pastor of the Temple Methodist church
of Spokane.
Gathering Postponed Because of In
ability to Obtain Use of Li
brary Hall.
Postponement of the meeting night
of Portland post of the American
Legion "to next Tuesday instead of
tomorrow was announced yesterday,
due to the impossibility of obtaining
library hall tomorrow night. This
will be' one of the most important
meetings of the year, for delegates
will be nominated for the state con
vention of the legion to be held at
Astoria July 30 and 31 and August 1.
. Commander Convill of the post, has
sent out an appeal for a large at
tendance at this session to insure a
selection of delegates representative
of the post as a whole. The election
will be held Monday night, July 19.
There are to be 23 delegates
selected by Portland post, 'which will
have the largest voting body at ' the
convention of any city in Oregon.
Portland post will not have enough
voles to control the convention, in
which 87 posts will be represented.
Under a ruling by "William B. Follett,
state commander, interpreting the
state constitution of the legion, each
pest is entitled to at least one dele
gate and one more delegate for each
100 paid-up members, or fraction
The new home of Portland post is
the Flatlron building. Sixth and Ash
streets, where clu brooms are being
fixed up for the ex-service men.
Though post offices have been located
there already, the. city employment
bureau, which occupies part of the
second floor to be taken over by the
legion will not vacate In time to
permit formal opening July 15. The
clubroom opening is now expected
about August 2.
Open-Air Vaudeville to Be Given
for Home for Aged.
The annual . open-air vaudeville
given for the benefit of the Home for
the Aged, ' Mount St. Joseph, East
Thirtieth and Stark streets, will be
held on the grounds of the institution
Tuesday evening, July 20.
The tickets are now being sold, and
it is hoped that the former successes
of this benefit will be continued. The
following are the names of the men
of the committee on arrangements:
Michael Driscoll, John McEntee, H.
Gilbaugh, J. Callaghan and Fred
Read The Oregonlan classified ads.
Is in most excellent condition; and
that this year's crops will be larger
than ever before. About 53,000-acre
feet of water has been stored in the
district reservoir and practically all
of the 30,000 acres contained in the
project are row subject to irrigation.
Land values there have about doubled
since the development of the project
was completed, according to another
letter received by the state engineer.
Road Actions May Be United Be
fore Supreme Court.
SALEM, Or., July 3. (Special.) It
was announced here today that the
sponsors for the legal action filed
in the Multnomah county circuit court
to compel the state highway commis
sion to construct the West Side Pa
cific highway through Dallas and In
dependence, will make an effort to
join with S. H. Rockhill of Riddle
In the appealed action Involving the
construction of what is known as the
Canyonville cutoff section of the Pa
cific highway. The latter case has
been set for hearing in the supreme
court Tuesday and is said to involve
questions similar to those presented
in the Polk county action.
The Polk county case was heard by
Judge McCourt of Portland and the
findings of the court were favorable
to the state highway commission.
Physician Locates In la Grande.
LA GRANDE. Or.. July 3. (Spe
cial.) Dr. E. G. Klrby of Elgin, who
recently purchased an interest in the
Grand Ronde hospital from Dr.
R. E. L." Holt, formerly of Portland,
has moved to the city from his lower
valley home. Dr. Klrby has prac
ticed medicine for the past zo years,
and will take up active practice here
Chchalls Women Return.
CHEHALIS, -Wash., July 3. (Spe-
vfw 41 TV li pti n irntt and Mrs.
Dan W. Bush, who arrived home early
today from the annual meeting oi
tk. B(al. ffffatlnn- fif women's clubs
at Wenatchee. report a most interest
ing and proritaDie session, xney rep
resented tne au iieiens ciuo oi ue
Warm Springs Project Landed.
SALEM, Or., July 3. (Special.)
Charles S. Batchelder, secretary of
the Warm Springs irrigation district,
has written to Percy Cupper, state
engineer, to the effect that the project
In Addition, Six Machines Lost
Prior to June Recovered, Lieu
tenant Thatcher Reports.
Of the 20 automobiles stolen in
Portland during June, 16 were recov
ered, according to the report of the
police auto theft bureau, which was
made by Lieutenant Thatcher yes
In addition six machines that had
been stolen previous to June were
recovered, making the number of ma
chines recovered two greater than the
number stolen.
Lieutenant Thatcher reported the
Dureau had made 43 arrests in June
The offenders were fined a total of
3520 and received an aggregate of 636
days in jail.
The arrests included three persons
charged with larceny of an automo-
Diie, tnree charged with the larceny
of automobile accessories and 11
charged with violating the state
motor law.
Lieutenant Thatcher praised the
work of the auto theft bureau of the
Automobile club of Los Angeles, Cal.,
and the auto theft bureau of Seattle.
Each of these bureaus recovered one
automobile which had been stolen in
Proper Precautions Not Taken
When Going Into Vinegar Vat.
HOOD RIVER. Or.. July 3. (Spe
cial.) A coroner's Jury today attrib
uted the death of Frank W. Dutton,
who perished yesterday in a vinegar
vat, to his own negligence or over-
Brothers Meet Alter 2 8 Years.
For the first time In 28 years. John
B. Easter, deputy county clerk in
charge of naturalization work, met
his brother, A. C. Easter, former
mayor of Bartlesville, Okla., Tester
day, when the latter arrived in Port
land, accompanied by his wife and
children, for a visit.
Militia Chief Named.
WASHINGTON, July 3. Colonel
Jesse Mcl. Carter, who served as chief
of the militia bureau throughout the
war, has been appointed to that posi
tion pending the selection of a per
manent head under provisions of the
new army reorganization bilL
Phono your want ads to The Orego
r.ian. Main 7070. Automatic 560-95.
Voodard, Clarke & Co.
Woodlark Building
Alder at West Park
confidence. The formal verdict of the
jury was:
"Frank W. Dutton- cams to ' his
death by not taking proper precau
tions and not following instructions
previously given him by the superin
tendent of the Hood River Apple
Vinegar company before going Into a
vat to clean same. Death was caused
by being overcome by-fumes and gas,
of which deceased had previous
knowledge, and that immediate death
was caused from drowning in a liquid
or semi-liquid in bottom of the vine
gar tank."
An autopsy proved that Mr. But
ton's lungs were filled with the liquid
sediment when he fell face down
ward when overcome by the gas. The
funeral will be held tomorrow. Rev.
Linden Leavitt, Christian minister of
Eugene, officiating.
Amendment to Be Sought.
SALEM, . Or., July 3. (Special.)
Amendment of the present law pro
viding for the transfer of patients
from one state institution to another
probably will be sought at the next
session of the legislature, according
to a) decision reached at a meeting of
the state board of control today. At
the present time patients are trans
ferred with a formal court hearing
and can be held only for the term
of their original commitment. The
amendment probably will provide
that previous to making a transfer
the patient shall be taken before a
court and legally recommitted.
Hospital Population Largest.
SALEM. Or., July 3. (Special.)
The population at the state hospital
here reached its high mark today
with a total of 1"41 patients. During
the month of June 76 patients were
received, this being the largest num
ber ever committed in any one month.
Salem Not to Celebrate.
SALEM, Or., July 3. (Special.)
There will be no July 4 celebration in
Salem and hundreds of residents are
planning on spending the day at
Woodburn and other towns in the
Speaker Presents Facts Obtained on
Trip ot Inquiry Lasting
Several Months.
"I believe we should ratify the
league of nations covenant, but I do
not believe we should do so with our
eyes closed to the importance of the
action." said Charles Upson Clark.
noted lecturer, speaking before a large
number of persons who attended the
regular luncheon of the Civic club
yesterday at the Benson hotel.
"It is absurd to suppose." he said,
"that the league will bring about
harmonious conditions throughout the
world, eliminate discord and unite the
great nations in a spirit of brotherly
love immediately. In the course of a
generation the league will be of enor
mous good."
Recently returned to the United
States from a several months' trip to
Europe, made to investigate condi
tions in the central European nations.
Mr. Clark presented facts which were
Interesting because of first-hand and
authoritative knowledge. While in
Trieste and Flume he studied closely
the effect of D'Annunilo's occupation
upon the people and in the latter city
was fortunate enough to secure an
interview with the famous poet-warrior
"The Italian government had just
requested the revolutionists to de
part from Fiume. taking his troops
with him, to make space for the ad
vent of a body of regular Italian sol
diers. D'Annunxlo told me that he had
taken this request of the government
to the town council of Fiume for the
council's consent or refusal. The coun
cil Immediately decided to permit
D'Annunzio to remain in the city."
At the conclusion of the address Mr.
Clark was asked concerning- the
league of nations, and gave his opin
ion of it.
"The league will benefit humanity
in time, but not immediately after it
inauguration." he said. "First of all.
it is an f xperiment. and it Is eminent
ly worth trying. I sincerely believe
that within a generation the league
will have begun to accomplish great
Mr. Clark and his wife, who but a
few days ago returned from Paris,
will leave for Seattle lomorro
morning, where he will deliver a lec
ture before students of the University
of Washington, as well as members
of the Seattle College club. Mr.
Clark is the son of Kate Upson Clark,
now lecturing under the auspices of
the Ellison-White Chautauqua system,
and Edward P. Clark, formerly man
aging editor of the Springfield Republican.
Ccntralia Has Three Robberies.
CENTRALIA. Wash.. July 3. (Spe
cial.) Three burglaries were reported
to the police Thursday night, tho
garage of C. M. Carter, the paint store
of C. H. Hipes and the blacksmith
shop of Caleb Berg being entered. An
automobile was stolen from the
garage. In addition to the burglaries
six arrests wero made by the police
on charges of drunkenness. Twenty
five Elks have been sworn in as spe
cial police to preserve order during
the city's three days' celebration,
which opened today under B. P. O. E.
Salem Gets Its Prize.
SALEM, Or., July 3. (Special.) A
special grajid prize of $-00 and a
beautiful silver trophy as second
prize have been received for the float
in tha show parade recently held in
Portland. Presentation of the
was made to C. B. Clancy, King Bins'
of the Cherriane, who returned her
from Portland today.
Milk Price Goes Up.
CHEHALIS. Wash., July 3. (Spe
cial.) Milk at the local condenser
will be S2.S0 a hundred for the first
half of July. This is an increase of
20 cents a hundred over the price
paid during the latter half of June.
of the Famous LIKLY
At Greatly Reduced Prices
Vacuum Cleaners
Never Offered Before on These Goods
The "Likly" luggage is the most popular and the best made; most satis
factory that can be purchased. This is the first time that these articles
have ever been sold for less than regular prices. Avail yourself of this
extraordinary opportunity to save money on your luggage for the vaca
tion trip or future travel.
The "Advance"
Kit Bag
A handsome English
style bag; heavy soft
hand-boarded cowhide;
sewed-on corners; fin
est tan ribbed serge
lining; size 20 inches.
Regular price $60.
Special Sale
Grill Stoves
Immersion Heaters
The "Britisher"
Kit Bag
English square-end style ; with all-round
straps; 24-inch size; black leather; ex
tra large and roomy.
Regular Price $75.00
The "Outing" Oxford Bag
"THE J3W W I P ;
y n u s tv rt 't n
Hand-sewed frame; sizes 18 and 20-inch; out
side leather, smooth grain cowhide.
18-Inch Bag; regular price $40.00.
Special Sale Price
20-Inch Bag; regular price $40.00. CJQK f(
Special Sale Price.. tDOtl.vU
- 7MMT
ft 1
Warming Pads
All this week a Fac
tory Demonstrator
will gladly show the
these Labor -Saving
A Few of the Many Specials
$30.00 Bag, special sale price only
$43.00 Brown Bag, special sale price
$35.50 Tan Bag, special sale price
$55.00 Black Bag, 18-inch, special at
$50.00 Black Bag, special sale price
$47.00 Brown Bag, special sale price
$36.00 Black Bag, 18-inch, special at
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