The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current, January 26, 1919, Section One, Page 5, Image 5

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income examples'
Principle of Self.Determina
tion to Be Applied.
Present Political Position Declared
Intolerable and Allied Sol
diers Are Desired.
i 1
CopyriSb :. IPin by the New York World.
Published by Arrangement.)
VIENNA, Jan. 25. (Special, by Wire
less.) Protest against the absorption
or German Bohemia by the Czecho
slovak government will be made to the
entente powers, and the right of self
determination win be invoked in order
to enable the people of that district to
elect how they snail be governed. Dr.
Lodgrrfann. who has been active in pub
lic affairs in the district, is about to go
to Switzerland in the hope of laying
the case before the entente authorities
and obtaining relief through them. In
an interview with the World corre
spondent concerning his mission, he
"The Wilsonian principle of self
determination is not applied to German
Bohemia, and we ask that it shall be.
So far the Czechs alone have been ad
vising the entente in regard to condi
tions there. We Germans constitute
an overwhelming majority in German
Bohemia and Moravia. We do not wish
to be annexed to the Czecho-Slovak
republic and we ask to be allowed to
exerciEe the right of self-determination.
People Are Oppreaaed.
"1Czecho-Slovaks have been occupying
one commune after another in our coun
try. They have oppressed the people
unceasingly, pillaging our homes, at
tacking peaceful people with bayonets
and rifle butts and abusing our women
and children. They hope to annex our
land by terrorizing us and to pass it
over to Czecho-Slovania.
"We have sent protests to President
Wilson against the treatment to which
we are continually subjected, asking
' him to save us from new sufferings
and new massacres and demanding that
we be permitted by plebiscite to choose
our political affiliations.
"Our present political position is in
tolerable The Czechs have refused to
let us participate in the impending
elections in German-Austria, e&ying
tney win punish as traitors those of us
who try to hold elections. The terms
of the German Bohemian Deputies in
the National Assembly will expire in
February, and thereafter German Bo
hemia. wlh a population of 3,500,000.
win be lert entirely without Parlia
naentary representation.
Allied Troops Desired.
"Czech troops now overrunning the
country are so undisciplined that we
earnestly desire the presence of Ameri
can or British troops to maintain order.
"Our industrial wealth furnishes one
of the chief reasons why the Czechs
wish to anex our country. German dis
tricts in Bohemia contribute, two-thirds
of the' total taxes raised in the crown
land. A large class that may be styled
as intellectual proletariat has been
produced under the enormous Czech
educational impulse of the last 20.
years. This class has been turning out
politicians, who wish to extend the
Czech boundaries to the utmost, and
they hope to make us subjects of a
Czecho-Slovak state in order to pro
vide some political jobs for themselves,
i They are wholly heedless of the Wil
sonian principle of self-determination,
i "We shall work until we can regain
( our liberty, no matter at what cost.
At present we are too weak to form an
; army. We can nave immediate recourse
i to armed bands, which will increase in
strength as 'our youths grow up. Never
will be consent to live under a Czecho
slovak republic."
(v Tivrn nn nnnr uinnu
Special Atention Being Devoted to
Reconstructs nand Returned
Soldier Problems.
With its committees and secretarial
forces fully reorganized, the Portland
x". M. C. A. now is operating all of its
departrr nts on a peace-time basis and
many of the problems of the day are
receiving attention. Readjustmet mat
ters, such as are furnished by the re
turned military man, are beinu cared
for particularly, says H. W. Stone,
local general secretary.
"With the close of the war," explained
Air. Stone, "the Portland association
tirorriptly reorganized its start and Its
work, and, whereas we were busily en
gaged all through the war in war work,
doing our part to help win the war,
we no-..' have taken up peace-time re
adjustment problems and all of our
efforts will be directed to this end.
A number of the "T" workers who
were engaged in special lines of duty
during the war, have returned, among
them being A. M. Grilley. who was
general secretary at Camp Lewis. He
had charge of the physical deprrtment
here for years and is again directing
that work, but in addition he is execu
tive secretary and al."?j has supervision
of the service department, including
features for military men. In this he
is assisted by F. J. Meyer, who for
months was attached to the Army in
France as a "Y" secretary.
Eugene Reports 110 New Loans.
EUGENE. Or., Jan. 25. (Special.)
One hundred and ten new loans, aggre
gating $256,8015 w-ere made through the
First National Farm Loan Association
of EugeSe during 191S. according to
the report of W. A. Ayers, secretary of
the association, made at the annual
meeting of the stockholders. The as
sociation has elected the following of
ficers for the coming year: F. H. Need
ham. president; O. L Dunlap, vice
president; W. A. Ayers, secretary
treasurer. Oh (he new board of di
rectors are J. E. Stout, Eugene; C. M.
Emery. Eusene: F. IfffNeedham, Eu
gene: H. L Edmunson, Goshen; O. K.
Aldrich. Coburg; R. E. Brabham. Eu
gene; F. B. Chase. Eugene; O. L. Dun
lap, Junction City: T. C. Devaney,
Elmlra. The loan comfnlttee is com
posed of Mr. Brabham, Mr. Emery and
U. B. Kletzing.
Dallas National Bank Elects.
DALLAS, Or., Jan. 25. (Special.) At a
meeting of the stockholders and di
rectors, of the Dallas National Bank
this week the following officers were
elected for the nauing year: President
R. EjWilllams; vice-president, Eugene
Hayter; cashier," Walter Williams; as
sistant cashier, August P. Risser;
bookkeeper. Miss Pearl Smith. Dr. B
H. McCallon was elected as chairman I
of the board of directors.
Millions Could Be Saved by
Project, Declares Magnate
Committee Hearing.
Ml" I I
WASHINGTON, Jan. 25. J. Ogden
Armour today suggested a monopoly
under Government supervision of the
entire meat industry of the country as
best for producer and consumer.
Testifying before the Senate agricul
ture committee, he declared that by
this plan millions of dollars could be
saved, which would increase the profits
of producers of livestock and at the
same time cut down the cost of meat
to consumers. '.
The necessity of close Government
supervision was emphasized, however,
by Mr. Armour in connection with hi
"Suchija concern must be regulated
by the Government," he told the com
mittee, "'because; few men with such'
enormous power would use it prop
erly." There was no discussion of Mr.
Armour's plan, which he proposed dur
ing; cross-examination by Francis J.
Heney, who conducted the Federal
Trade Commission's packing-house in
quiry. The questioning then touched
upon the alleged existence of a com
bination among the leading packers,
which Mr. Armour denied. v
Mr. Armour explained that the pack
ers contributed to a general fund to
be used in joint legislative action, and
safd he believed this was a common
practice among industries. Payments
were made -on a percentage basis,
which, followed, he added, the basis
adopted during a. pool by these con
cerns many years ago "to prevent an
over-supplied market."
Each of the companies, he testified,
now tried to maintain about the same
share of business as at that time, but
he denied that there was any actual
agreement to that effect.
"Don't you think there is a decided
tendency," Mr. eney asked, "toward!!
eventual growth of only three big
packing companies Armour & Co.,
Swift & Co. and Morris & Co.T'
"I have heard some such statement
before," Mr. Armour replied.
Mr. Heney contended that the coun
try would benefit if the business were
conducted by more small packing
houses, widely distributed. He accused
the packers of wasteful methods, made
possible by their great volume of
Mr. Armour contended that the pack
ers acquired no advantage from their
relationships with banks an drailroads.
He gave the committee a full list of
all banks and railroads, of which he
is director, and of smaller companies
in which he holds stock.
Mr. Armour will continue his tes
timony Monday and' prdbably Will be
followed by his counsel, Levy Mayer,
who will discuss the validity of the
Kendrick bill to regulate the meat in
Paved Road to Woodburn and
Paul Is Desired.
cial. ) Last Tuesday :
Jan. 25. (Spe
delegation of
Dr. B. K. V right
when you are constantly told of the
danger from infected t e e't h and
gums and neglect them.
At this office dentistry is an
exact science, with the old bugaboo
of pain banished.
I guarantee the best work, gen
tleness and very moderate cost.
Falnleaa Extraction of Teeth
20 Yearn' Active Practice.
IS'ortbweat Corner of Sixth and
WMhlngton, Raleigh Bids.
Phone v.. In 2119.
Office Hours i 8 A. M. to P. SI.
Conanltatlon Free.
Open r: v en I ii hk. Sundnya lO to IS A. M.
Jar : ,
Mount Angel business men, with dele
gations from Woodburn. West Wood
burn and St. Paul, met with the County
Court, the Marion County legislative
delegation, including Senators Lach
mund and Lafollette and Representa
tives Looney and Hughes, and State
Highway Commissioners Thompson and
Booth, relative to getting some state
aid in constructing a paved road from
Aount Angel to Woodburn, and on
through to St. Paul.
Altnough they were given much en
couragement In words, no assurance
was had that funds would be forth
coming Crom the State Highway Com
mission, and the delegation went away
feeling that the only solution would be
a county road-bonding proposition,
with a trunk road across the north
end of the county from Scot's mills to
the New-berg bridge, via Woodburn and
St. Paul, on the county paved road map.
Reason Given for Not Urging Farm
ers to Plant Larger Acreage
Xext Spring.
ST. LOUIS. Jan. 25. David F. Hous
ton, Secretary of Agriculture, today. In
explaining why the Government is not
urging farmers to plant larger crops
of wheat next Spring, pointed out that
c rops planted in the Spring will not be
available for the market until next
Fall, when food conditions will be
"The question is," he said, "can the
crop be disposed of at the guaranteed
price of $2.26 a bushel on No. 1 Win
ter heat?
"The prospects are that the yield will
be at least 1.000,000,000 bushels, of
which amount about 650,000,000 will be
needed at home. Will Europe take the
surplus after a season of producing on
her own account and with Australia
and Argentina in the market? Aus
tralia has been guaranteed fl.lS foi
ls output, and, of course, the Euro-
The Last Opportunity
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You should save a tremendous amount of
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This is the Last Week that this Laundry Team
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pet n nations will seek their supply
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Estimates Show ISO Divers Sunk
With All on Board.
LONDON. Jan. 25. (British Wireless
Service.) Of the 203 German subma
rines lost during the war, it Is esti
mated here semi-of f iclally, 120 were
sunk with all on board, and In the
others on the average half of the crews
The complements of the German sub
marines varied. Some small boats had
only 30 on board, while the crew of a
boat of the cruiser type averaged be
tween 50 and 60.
The British navy during the war lost
52 submarines. 39 of which were de
stroyed by the enemy. Of the remainder
four were interned by neutrals and
some were blown up in the Baltic Sea.
Four were sunk by accident on trial
cruises and five were wrecked In col
California's Action on Prohibition
Displeasing to Some.
SAN FRANCISCO. Jan. 25. Dismissal
of the action here to prevent Governor
W. D. Stephens or his agents from cer
tifying the National prohibition amend
ment "In no way affects the referen
dum." and "steps will be duly taken to
protect same." according to a message
sent to this city from Sacramento by
Theodore A. Bell and made public to
day. Harvard Committee Chosen.
CAMBRIDGE, Mass.. Jan. 35. rDean
Henry A. Teomans, Lieutenant-Colonel
Roger I. Lee and Assistant Professor
Dunham Jackson were named today as
facnlty members of the committee on
regulation of athletics at Harvard. The
committee will have supervision of all
sports until next September, and It is
understood that Dean Yeomans will act
as chairman in the absence of Dean
Lebaron R. Brlggs, recently named as
Special 10
Together with the Low
Balance on Easy Monthly Payments.
Harvard exchange professor to Franca.
The graduate members of the commit
tee are Henry Pennypacker, Benjamin
Loring Young and Lawrence Curtis, and
the undergraduate members David B.
Arnold, Henry H. Faxon and Robert E.
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If you were a pretty girl and had your
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or losing $50,000, what would you do?
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