The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current, December 22, 1918, Section One, Page 6, Image 6

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Senator Lodge Asks Post-;-
'ponement of Discussion.
Secret Diplomacy, Frerdom of Seas,
Economic Barriers Are
Among Xamber,
WASHINGTON, Dec. 81. Five of
President Wilson'! 14 principles of
peace were held up In the Senate today
fcy Senator Lodge, the Republican lead
er, as questions which might lead to
division among the nations which have
conquered Germany and which cer
tainly ehould be postponed until after
the peace conference. They relate to
secret diplomacy, freedom of the seas,
economic barriers, reduction of arma
ments and the league of nations.
The Senator recalled that no treaty
can become binding upon the United
States without the Senate's consent
and declared that untoward results
could be avoided only if the Senate ex
pressed itself frankly in advance.
"While I think it a grave mistake," he
said, "on the part of the , President to
Ignore the Senate because our ultimate
responsibility in making the peace is
quite equal to his own, I have no fault
to find with his not appointing Sena
tors as delegates to the peace con
ference. Views Should Be Known.
"In the present situation," he said,
I think it is of last importance that
those concerned in the actual negotia
tion of the treaty should at least know
theviews of the Senate, so far as the
Postmaster-General, in control of the
cables, and Mr. Creel, in control of the
news, will permit,"
In his discussion of the freedom of
the seas the Senator called attention
to "the strange development" In con
nection with the pending naval Appro
priation bill the advocacy by Rear Ad
miral Badger of a programme calling
for a Navy as large as that of England
by 1925. "We need a powerful fleet in
the Pacific, and I feel sure we will have
a Navy sufficient to furnish that fleet
to the Western Coast."
Of suggestions that a great Navy is
needed for police duty In connection
with the league of nations, the Senator
aid he would "not stop to ask who is
t- order that Navy about the world.
"Peace being our'object, terms must
te exacted which will make it, so far as
human insight goes, impossible for Ger
many to break out again upon the
world. This oannot be done by treaty
engagements and signatures to docu
ments. Heavy Indemnities Demanded.
"In addition to these guaranties there
must be heavy indemnities paid by Ger
many for the ruin she has wrought in
-P.elgium and Northern France and in
Italy, and for her destruction of ves
sels, both neutral as well as belliger
ents, through the use of submarines.
In those Indemnities the United States
must have its proper and proportional
bare. ,
"It will be for the peace conference
to determine what disposition saould
be made of the German colonies, but
one thing is essential, and that is they
should not be returned to the tyran
nical misgovernment of Germany and
that she should be deprived of those
means for extending her commerce and
fcuilding up military outposts in all
parts of the world."
Of the league of nations. Senator
Lodge said no definite plan has yet
been put forth that would not cause
Indefinite controversy.
"The attempt to form now a league
of nations with power to enforce Its
decrees," he said, "can tend only to em
barrass the peace that we ought to
make at once with Germany. If it
were successful and .... were to
come before the Senate, It might en
danger the peace treaty and force
amendments. . . .
"Are we prepared to allow any asso
ciation of nations by a majority vote
to order the troops and ships of the
United States to go to war? Unless we
are prepared to do so, we are not pre
pared to join a league of nations which
le going to enforce peace."
In urging the postponement of the
question of freedom of the seas. Sen
ator Lodge said it was another unde
fined question.
Treaty Cannot Exist.
Discussing secret diplomacy, the Sen
ator said this point of President Wilson
need not be incorporated in the peace
treaty, because eecret treaties never
have and cannot exist in this country.
Urging postponment of action in the
matter of economic barriers, he said it
"opens a wide field of discussion," and
"its settlement is not in the least es
sential to ending the war by a peace
with Germany."
Russia, Senator Lodge declared, pre
sents an important problem in connec
tion with the world peace and recon
struction which cannot be shirked. All
civilized nations, he urged; must aid
In restoration of Russia.
"We have no present government In
Russia," he said, "with which any ona
can deal Intelligently. The thing that
calls Itself a government is no more, fit
to be dealt with in negotiation than a
band of anthropoid apee.'
Resolutions Are Considered.
Before Senator Lodge spoke, the for
eign relations committee met to con
sider the resot tion cf Senator Knox of
Pennsylvania, Republican, proposing
postponement of action on the league I
.i - . . . i
ui uauuiis ana ireeoom ot las ecu a
also the resolution of Senator Johnson
of California, Republican requiring an
official statement of America's policy
in Russia. Action on both resolutions
waa postponed and probably will not
be taken up until after the holidays.
Occasionally Senator Lodge digressed
from- his prepared remarks. He re
ceived close attention from both sides
of the House.
In one of his extemporaneous state
ments Senator Lodge said:
"The only alternative, if we are to
have a league of nations, to travel all
over the world settling disputes, Is
that all nations would have to be on
the same footing and the Monroe Doc
trine would have to be abandoned."
When the Senator concluded he was
congratulated by several Senators, in
cluding Democratic Leade- Martin and
Senators King of Utah. Simmons of
North Carolina and Smith of Georgia,
Senator Kellogg of Minnesota, Re
publican, recalled the explanation Pres
ident Wilson made on March 18 last, of
the first of his 14 principles regard
ing secret diplomacy. He Said the
President explained that negotiations
might be private, "but treaties public.
"If that is all the President means,"
said Senator Kellogg, "it means noth
ing." Senator Kellogg Insisted that the
people of all nations shall be advised
of, and discuss the great principles be
fore the peace conference and also com
mended Senator Borah's proposal for
open debate of the peace treaty In the
Question Declared to Be Not Relig
ions, but Political Pogrom
Agitation- Propaganda.
WARSAW. Dec 19. (By the Associ
ated Press.) In discussing the political-situation
In Poland, especially as
regards the Jews. Professor P. Tuter
milch, a Polish editor and writer, said
"The present pogrom agitation has
been seized upon by the Jews at the
expense of the Polish nation for the
A inf inom'in c the oeace con
gress. The Jews expect to obtain na
tionality concessions.
in Poland is
not religious, since we have never inter
fered in that direction, n is pouncm.
What they really purpose to do through
their nationalist party is not only to
get schools, but to have their own
f...Hna on1 Stlnn their OWn
(.(111 L9 Jt. juvswwt
parliament. They really wish to form
a state within a state, yei iney miena
also to take part in our own political
life. It is absurd.
"They are now interfering with our
new government and attempting to di
vide our political parties. There are
five Jewish parties. The largest Is the
orthodox, but the Socialist party, which
is divided In Bolshevik! and Radicals,
Is very active.
"As for the pogrom situation, it is
mostly propaganda."
Co-Defendant of Thomas J. Mooney
Slay Escape Trial.
SAN FRANCISCO. Dec 21. A state
ment that the case of Edward D. Nolan,
co-defendant of Thomas J. Mooney in
the preparedness day bomb murder
cases here, might well be dismissed
because of an apparent lack of evidence.
was made by Superior Judge iranklln
A. Griffin here today when Nolan's
case came up before him to be set.
- Edward A- Cunha, Assistant District
Attorney, agreed that the matter should
go over until Monday, when Duncan
Matheson, captain of detectives, was to
be questioned regarding statements he
was alleged to have made that there
was not enough evidence against Nolan
to justify any Indictment.
Major-General Mencher to Com
mand Air Service.
WASHINGTON. Dec 21. Appoint
ment of Major-General Charles T. Men
cher, who commanded the Forty-second
(Rainbow) Division in France, as direc
tor of air service, succeeding John D.
Ryan, was announced today by General
Colonel James A. Mars has been
named acting director of aircraft pro
duction, succeeding William C. Potter.
General Mencher may be appointed
an assistant chief of the general staff
in order to complete military co-ordination.
Congressional Recess Approved.
WASHINGTON. Dec 21. Plans for
Congressional recess, beginning next
week, and continuing until January 2,
were approved today by the House.
Phone your want ads to The Orego
nlan. Phone Main 7070, A 6095.
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Controversy With Postmaster
General Related.
Restoration ol the Mailing: Priv
ilege to Anti-War Liter
ature Favored.
CHICAGO, Dec. 21. Frank P. Walsh,
ex-head of the Federal Industrial Re
lations Commission and later Joint
chairman of the Federal War Labor
Board, was the principal witness for
the defense at today's session of the
trial of Congressman-elect Victor L.
Berger, of Milwaukee, and four other
Socialist leaders, charged with con
spiracy to violate the espionage law.
He told of a controversy he had with
Postmaster-General Burleson in July,
1917. at a hearing in Washington, D.
C. over a request that the second-class
mailing privilege be restored to the
American Socialist and other papers.
Walsh said ho afterward wrote a let
ter to the Postmaster-General protest
ing against the official's action and
the department's method of handling
this class of cases and threatening to
appeal to President Wilson. Postmaster-General
Burleson, tn his reply,
characterized Mr. Walsh's letter as
"impertinent and probably Intended to
be offensive."
Mr. Walsh testified that later he laid
the case before President Wilson and
suggested a number of reforms in pro
testing to the Washington officials was
to safeguard the constitutional rights
of free speech and a free press.
He said he had read several copies
of the American .Socialist and a num
ber of the anti-war pamphlets cir
culated by the Socialist party, but had
not been greatly impressed by them.
On cross-examination he drew a dis
tinction between what ho thought
should be barred from the mails and
what should be excluded under the
espionage law. He expressed the view
that much of the Socialist anti-war
literature might be mailed without do
ing any harm.
He said he did not agree with the
Socialists that it was a capitalist war
and vouchsafed the opinion that many
persons who expect to make great for
tunes out of the war would be sorelv
disappointed when they got through
paying war taxes.
Appropriation of $4,227,300 Asked.
WASHINGTON, Dec. 21. Congress
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Klamath Chapter of the American Red
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Consomme !n Cur Crfsm of Tomato
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Celory Ripe Olives
Choice of
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