The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current, December 01, 1918, Section One, Image 1

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    A i "
Section One
Pages 1 to 24
68 Pages
Five Sections
President's Ignoring o
Senate Causes Wrath.
Senators May Send Specia
Committee to Peace Parley.
Several Hand red Persons Will Be
Taken to Europe by President
w on Georje Washington.
WASHINGTON. Not. 0 Seldom has
any utterance of President Wilson been
awaited with greater Interest than the
annual address be la to deliver Monday
at the opening- of the Winter aession of
Congress and on the ere of bla de
partura for Europe to attend the peace
conference. Members of the Senate and
House expect to bear something- of
American plans for the conference, as
well aa an outline of the executive's
views of legislation needed to aid In the
task of readjusting the war-organised
country to a peace basis.
Arrangements were made today for
a Joint session in the hall of the House
Monday afternoon at t o'clock after
Congressional leaders had been notified
that the President desired to be heard
on the first day of the new session in
stead of on the second day as usual, in
order to hasten his departure.
SaWas Date Taeadar.
The address will constitute bis
goodbye to Congress and through it
to the people, for he la. expected to sail
Tuesday. .
No official comment was forthcora
leg during the day- on the personnel
of the peace delegation announced last
night at the White House. No one
would undertake to say whether the
President himself would be regarded
aa a part of the delegation accom
ranylog hlra, or what might be the
"9rral -i'lt accorded the four dele
rates Secretary Lansing. ex-Ambassador
Henry White. E. M. House and Gen
eral Tuker H. Eltss.
'The State De. irtment made public
the names of the chief officers and at for the delegation. Including the
secretaries, and Dr. James Brown-Scott
and David Hunter Miller, expert advis
ers la International law. The Wa De
partment announced the personnel of
the group of assistants to General
Bliss, among whom will be a number
of officers detailed from the American
expeditionary force.'
irewespersaea to Ge Ahead.
All of the party, which with Its large
clerical force and corps of experts will
number some hundreds, will sail on the
steamer George Washington with the
President. Preceding then on the
steamer Orizaba, leaving New Tork at
noon tomorrow, will be several hundred
American newspaper correspondents.
Resentment among Senators over the
President's failure to take on of their I
number on the delegation was apparent I
today, although no statements on the
subject were Issued for publication. Sev
eral of the Republicans discussed plans
for Introducing resolutions Monday pro
posing to send a special Senate com-
-nlttee to France to remain during the
conference, particularly to keep Con
gress advised regarding- the proceed
ings. Crftleiaaaa Axe Cxaeed.
Senator Cummins, of Iowa, was one
ef those who prepared to offer such a
resolution. The others were under
stood to be making ready speeches on
the general subject of the President's
-Mllcy. and there were predictions that
(Concluded oa Pag 6. Column 1.)
i ' 1 .h
) vr . V --' : : :
GH 106.2
Aid of Germans Never TVonld Have
Been Asked Had Results
Been Foreseen.
BERLIN. Friday. Nov. 2. (By the
Associated Press.) The Ukrainians
are longing for intervention by the en
tente to eject the Germans and protect
the country against the Bolshevlkl. ac
according to a statement made to the
Associated Press correspondent by cn
Ukrainian delegation now In Berlin.
-When we threw off the Russian
yke," said the delegation's spokesman,
"our alternatives were to Join the
Bolshevik! or summon the help of the
Germans. We chose the latter course,
but we would never have done so if
we had known what would be the re
The Ukralnaln representative told
how the Germans dissolved the Ukrain
Ian Parliament and installed their tool
as hetman. When the German revo
lutlon came, the Ukrainians attempted
to secure their independence. They
were prevented from seising control o
Kiev only by the German artillery, he
declared. The German aoldlerr coun
cils In the Ukraine have restored re la
tions with their officers he reports.
snd the old spirit now rules among
them, the orders from the revolution
ary government at Berlin being dlsre
The correspondent's Informant Insist
ed that the present revolt is anti-Bol
shevikl and directed solely to securing
the independence of the Ukraine. Their
hope is that the entente will police the
Ukraine and make the summoning of
a constituent assembly possible.
Short, Boxy Models and Toutbfu
Skirts Dae, Not Too Tight.
CLEVELAND. Nov. 30. The National
Association of Cloak and Suit Manu
facturera closed a two days conven
tion here today.
Manufacturers believe that prices of
ults and cloaks for next Spring and
Fail may be 25 per cent higher than In
1518, due to the Increased cost of labor
and operating expenses.
The style committee's recommenda
tions for next Spring as announced to
day shows short, loose banging, boxy
models with braid, cording or embroid
ery trimming will be popular In- suits.
Others are mors simple of outline and
will be worn with white or colored
vests or vestees. " '
The skirts for Spring will be built
on youthful lines, not too tight and
avlng the appearance of tapering at
the foot line.
early Normal Temperatures Pre
dicted by Weather Bureau.
WASHINGTON. Nov. 30 Weather
predictions for the week beginning
Monday, issued by the Weather Bu
reau today, are:
Pacific States Frequent rains over
north portion and generally fair weath
er over south portion; nearly normal
ative of Ireland Dies at Home of
Daughter In Berkeley. .
BERKELEY. CaL. Nov. 30. Mrs.
Mary Irwin. 103 years old. died today
at the home of a daughter here.
Mrs. Irwin had lived at points on the
Paclflo Coast for 43 years. She was
born in Ireland.
McAdoo Announces Concession for
Returning; Soldiers.
WASHIXOTOK. Not. 30. Dollar
meals in railroad diners will be' served
for 75 cents to soldiers returning; home
after being; mustered out. Director- i
General McAdoo announced today. I
Shipping Board Has No
Halted Work.
Some Deals on Atlantic and
Gulf Called Off:
Indications Are That Board Soon
Will Permit Building Here
on Private Contract.
Ington, Nov. 30. At a conference with
Charles R. Page, a member of the
United States Shipping Board, today,
Representative McArthur was advised
that no orders have been Issued for
cancellation of wooden ship contracts
on the Pacific Coast, . although the
board has ordered an investigation as
to the feasibility of going ahead with
the wooden ship' programme' and has
suspended the. preliminary work of as
sembling machinery and other ma
terials pending this investigation.
The board has cancelled contracts for
48 wooden ships on the Atlantic and
Gulf Coasts, but in no instances had
orders been placed for the material
for these ships. Contracts are out
standing for 100 wooden ships, besides
those now on the ways, and these are
the subject of the present investiga
tlon. Included in these are a large
number In Oregon and Washington.
Ccatlnued Werk Is Urged.
Mr. McArthur urged upon Mr. Page
the desirability of completing the
wooden ship programme without inter
ruptlon, not only to increase the Na
tlon s tonnage, but also because of
pressing economic conditions that re-
quire cvnuuuuus employment oi laDor,
He urged that It .would be most un
fortunate to terminate the wooden ship-
ounuing programme at the present
time, or at any time during the Winter
months, for sucuactloa would throw
thousands of men out of employment
at a' time when they could not be ab
sorbed In other Industries. . .
Mr. McArthur told Mr. Page that
men In the shipyards In the Northwest
subscribed largely f6r liberty bonds of
the last Issue upon the theory that they
would have continuous employment for
many months to come, and if the ship
yards are shut down after the launch
ing of vessels now on the ways, many
of these men will be unable to meet
the obligations assumed.
Private Contracts Likely.
It developed during the conference
between Mr. Page and Mr. McArthur
that there is strong probability that
the Shipping Board wilL soon permit
the wooden shipbuilding plants of the
country to build for private contract;
both domestic and foreign.
Xr. McArthur doubts, however, that
this will bring any great measure of
relief to the wooden shipyards for the
reason that British yards already have
Deen mrown open to private contract
and have agreed to build a large num
ber of ships for the Norwegian govern
ment. Mr. McArthur says the Shipping
Board must act in this matter immedi
ately if satisfactory results are 'to be
Ne Drastic Acts Expected.
Mr. Page advised Mr. McArthur that
no drastic action will be taen in can
cellation of contracts until the board
has full Information on every phase of
the subject, although in the meantime
the work of assembling and fabricating
materials will be suspended. Mr. Mc
Arthur will bring the wooden ship
building question to the attention of
(Concluded on Fage 7, Column 3.)
Daily Casualty Report.
WASHINGTON, Nov. 30, General
March gave"cut today amended
casualty reports from General-Pershing
giving the official total to November 26
ar 262,723, exclusive of prisoners. The
figures on prisoners were unintelligible
In the cablegram.' General March said
the total under, this . head would be
practically the same as announced last
Saturday. ' ,
General Pershing reported the follow
ing official casualties to November 26:
. Killed In action, SS.363.
Died of wounds. 12.101.
Died of disease. 16,031.
Difd ot other causes, 1080.
MlfRlnr In action. 14.200. -Prisoners,
Wounded. 1S9.U55. divided as follows:
Severely wounded, 54,751: undetermined, 48.
168: sllg-htly, 92,036.
The new casualty reports add more
than 23,000 names to the American total
for the war. The summary announced
last week totaled 236,117. including 2163
prisoners. - v '
Casualties reported today total izi3;
351 died In action. 165 of wounds, 140 of
disease, t of accident, 28 were wounded
severely,. 34 .degree undetermined, 135
slightly and 311 are missing. Following
Is the tabulated summary:
Deaths Reported. Today. Total
Klllled n action is.a sol
Lost at sea SI'S
Died oi wounds
Died of disease 9.51,2
Died ef accident 1.5S3
Total deaths 37.770 5 38.435
Wounded 46.S.V5 237 47.oj
Missing snd prisoners.. .11.000 oil 11.311
Total casualties ...... 95,625
1,213 96.838
Killed In action .
Bricknn. Robert. Weston. Or.
Tlndale. Albert W., Portland. Or.
Reese. L. C. (Mech.), Newbei. Or,
Hartles, Martin, Grande Ronde, Or.
Died of wounds
Ehlen,, Fred, Aurora. Or.
Weese. Guy C. Antone, Or.
Uled of disease
Uonatt. C K. iSerst.). Portland,
Missing- m action
Elfort. James B.. Portland. Or.
- WA8H1NOXOJC. - -Killed
in action
Ecay. E. si. (Lieut.), Port Chester.
Ramey. Wm. H., uiarKsion. vvasn.
Mason, Alf.. Mount Vernon. - Wash.
Died or wound
Benson. Alfred E.. Enumclaw, Wash.
WnnMlMl .HchtlT
Johnston. Leo E. (Set), Colvllla, Wash.
Mlnsinr In action
Freeland, Earl. Empire. Wash.
Rdmiston. James G . Marshall, wasn.
Duane, Victor E Harbor, Wash
Rlllnl In action
Evans. R. (Corp.). American Falls, Idaho.
Garrett. Leo Q... Rig-by. Idaho.
rned ef wounds . .
Holland. C. P. (Corp.). Priest River, Idano.
Hand. Walter C..: Weiser, Idaho.
Missing in action
Barron, Thomas L.. Buhl. Idaho.
Klllad In action
Coston. O. M (Lieut.), Birmingham. Ala,
Cochram Roland li., rort rayne. aja.
Baucum, Oran R-, Masnolia, Ark.
Pearson, William B... Gordo, Ala.
Died of wounds
Boswell, J. A. (Lieut.), Elmore, Ala.
Waldrip, Allen H.. coiunavuie. Ala.
Died of disease
Autrey, Mack. . Brooklyn. Ala.
ounned undetermined
Klrkland. Albert. Abblcvilnv Ala.
Wounded sllgntly .
Smith, Js. A- Uric. Ala, -- -
MiKslna- In action
CI I more. W. O. (LltUt), Birmingham. Ala.
Campbell, W. E. (Corp.). TaHedga, Ala.
Cooper, Joe W Newh'ope. Ala.
Harris. Robert D., ML Vernon, Ala.
Killed tn action
Tillman. Dennle Franklin, Fhoenix, Aria.
Missing In action
Killed In action
Cabe. Floyd C. lone. Ark.
Caldwell, Ernest J., Black Oak, Ark,
Mstteson, Ben W Bog springs. Ark.
Died or wounds-
Green, -M. H., Garfield, Ark. x
Died of disease
Hogue. William Y.,- Mabel vale. -Ark.
Hall, Cloy F.. Rison. -Ark.
tout, Leon. Slloam . foprinirs. Ark.
Wounded undetermined-
Brown, Clarence. Graysonla, Ark.
Wounded slightly
Land. Thomas H., Port, Ark.
Geisler, Robert. Duvallsluff, Ark.
Missing in action
Bright, Marley. Monette, Ark. ''
Bradford. Arvin, Morruton. Ark.
Hamilton. Bert. Ponca, Ark..
Killed in action
lam. Edw. M. (Lieut), Berkeley, Cal.
Beasley. 8. O.-lMaJ.). San Francisco. CaL
Wa?S jno. j sV" fVancisca ell
Sabinl. Lieugi, &an jranctsco, uai.
Luy, R. L (Sergt.), San Gabriel, Cal.
Hooper, W. J. (Sergt.), Alameda, CaL
Lacross, Clarence J., Visalla, Cal.
Catron, Charles C, Los Angeles, Cal.
Del Zoto, Caesar, Napa Junction, Cal.
Btuettlg. Herman (Cook), Los Angers, CaL
Hansen, Louis A., Alameda, Cal.
Garretty, Charles L., Santa Cruz, CaL
D ed of wounds .
Briggs. C. W. (Musician), W. Riverside. CaL
cuip. oeorge x., x iiimore,
Canevasclni, S. L., Petaluna, CaL
Brebe, Edwin, King City,'-Cal.
Atkins. J. H-. Ontario, CaL
Johnson, Fred C. C. Fullerton, CaL
Folites, 6. A., Santa Barbara, Cal.
Died of awident
Barron, Melver. W. (SgL), Los Angeles.
Wounded severely
Rotlriguez, Joe. .Milpltas, CaL
Died of disease
Love, Harry E. (Sergt.), Los Angeles, CaL
Fletcher, Edwin A., Alhambra, Cal.
(Continue!, on Page 20, Column 1.)
Gi 106.2
War Powers. Not Needed
in Time of Peace.
Federal Enterprise Said to
Tend -To ward Inefficiency.
Undne Decentralization7 Declared as
Dangerous to Prosperity aa
NEW TORK, Nov. 30. Charles E.
Hughes, speaking tonight before the
Institute of Arts and Sciences at Co
lumbia University, asserted that "Gov'
ernmental enterprise tends constantly
to inefficiency." He characterized as
"enemies of liberty" all "thoee whose
interests lie simply in extending the
activities of government so as to em
brace all Industry." .
Discussing conditions following the
war he declared that readjustment
should be brought about as soon as
practicable and that war powers should
not be used to control peace conditions.
Such a control, he said, would conetl
tute a most serious offense against
American institutions. ,
War Exigencies Fade.
"The question of government .owner
ship and operation is after alia merely
practical one," said Mr. Hughes. "Of
course there are those whose interests
lie simply In extending the activities
ef government so as to embrace all In
dustry and who are endeavoring to pro
ceed along what they conceive to be
the line of least resistance in trying to
keep in government hands in time of
peace what has been taken temporarily
by reason of the exigencies of war.
"Toe lpstinct of the. American people.
I believe; can be trusted to thwart the
Insidious plans" bfethese. enemies. of lib
erty. who, -If given their way, would
n6t stop short oipa tyranny which,
whatever name It might bear, would
lnave llttj room for preference as com
pared to Prusslanism. . .
Political Control Feared.
It is regrettable, but it Is true, that
Governmental enterprise tends con
stantly to inefficiency. . . It can
not ail to be observed that even in
connection with the war, despite the
endeavor and patriotic impulse of
countless workers, inefficiency In Im
portant fields of activity has been no
"Along with this is the grave ques
tion of putting the direct operation of
these great activities unnecessarily un
der political control. That is the most
serious question. The dovetailing of
Government with business Is apt to in
jure both." -.
It is undoubtedly true," he con
tinued, "that whenever during the
war extraordinary powers were fitting
ly exercised and Governmental control .
was assumed for war purposes the re-1
adjustment to conditions of peace must
be effected gradually and with the
circumspection essential to the protec
tion of all the public and private in
terests involved.
Seund Legislation Needed.
"But the immediate purpose should
be to readjust as soon as may be, not
to use war powers to control peace
conditions, a proceeding essentially
vicious and constituting the mose seri
ous offense against our institutions."
Mr. Hughes added, however, that un
due decentralization would be as dan
gerous to National prosperity as over
centralization. Congress, he said.
(CoueluUecl on Page 4, Column 1.)
Armistice Terms Providing for Res
titution to Belgium, Russia and
Roumania Complied With.
BERLIN, Nov. 30, via Amsterdam.
Gold reserves In the Imperial Bank ot
Germany, in connection with the obliga
tions undertaken under article 19 of the
armistice terms, have undergone a re
duction of 241,700,000 marks, according
to the weekly report of the institution
issueti November 23. The gold reserve
now stands at 2,308,558,000 marks.
Article 19 of the German armistice
terms provided for the restitution of
the ' Russian and Roumanian gold
yielded to Germany or taken by that
The article also Imposed the follow
ing conditions:
"Immediate restitution of the cash
deposit In the National bank of Bel
gium, and In general immediate return
of all documents, specie, stocks, shares.
paper money, together with plant for
the issue thereof, touching, public or
private interests in the invaded coun
Americans Push Southeastward
From Archangel:
"ARCHANGEL. Nov. 30. (By the As
sociated Press.) An American detach
ment, assisted by Russian volunteers,
has advanced 50 versts (S3 miles) up the
Plnega River, clearing the. villages of
Kurtchinska of Bolshevlkl and taking
For the first time since the Bolshe
vlkl revolution the shoulder straps of
the old Russian army have been re
stored to the officers enlisted with the
Russian forces in the Northern region.
Socialist Leader Said to Have Slept
Two Xigrbts In ex-Ruler's Bed.
LONDON. Nov. 30. When the corre
spondent at The Hague of the Dally
Mail visited -the royal palace at Berlin
recently, he found the aged servants
there bursting with Indignation over
the fact that Dr. Liebknecht, the rad
ical Socialist leader, had-slept in the
former Emperor's bed. The corre
spondent quotes the servants as saying:
'That cursed Liebknecht slept lor
two nights in the Kaiser's bed."
Allied Jfaval Squadron Anchors at
Russian Base in Crimea.
LONDON, Nov. 30. The allied na
val squadron which recently passed
through the Dardanelles Into the Black
Sea anchored off Sebastopol, the Rus
sian naval base in the Crimea, on Sep
tember 26.
The Russian ships, which were In
the hands of the Germans, and also
some German submarines were surren
dered to the allied naval representa
XaTy's Newest Type Flyer Breaks
All Load Records.
WASHINGTON, Nov. 30. The Navy's
newest type seaplane,, the giant NC-1,
tt. . 1. ,..nt RKBnlflnA in the world.
brokJ aU-recoras for the number of
. ,,, . , iimiane
passengers carried in any airplane
when it made a flight with 50 men on
board Wednesday at the Naval Air Sta
tion, Rockaway, L. L
Territorial Delegate Leaves for Cap
ital Early In December.
HONOLULU. T. H.. Nov. 30. J. Kv
hio Kalaniauaole, re-elected territorial
delegate to Congress, will leave for
Washington early In December.
His first move. It was said, will bp
to ask Congress for statehood for
Warm Welcome Given
Yanks in Switzerland.
Americans Say Treatment
German Camps Fair.
Swiss and American Red Cross and
Young Men's Christian Asso
ciation Commended.
BERNE.Switzerland. Nov. 29. (By the.
Associated Press.) One Hundred and
fftty-six American officers and non
commissioned officers, the first prison
ers of war In Germany to be released
through Switzerland, were repatriated
today. The majority had been captured
about five montns ago. A large num
ber of the men were aviators.
The men rode on a special train,
three cars of which were filled witlt
French and British military prisoners.
Interest, however, centered In the
Americans since they were the first
group to be released.
The repatriated men left Bavaria "this
morning and crossed Lake Constance.
They were met at Zurich by enthusias
tic crowds of Swiss and Americans.
Pleasant A. Stovall, the American
Minister, and ''rs. Stovall, the enflrs
American Legation, members of the
Red Cross, the diplomatic carp other
allied nationals here and high Swiss
military and civil authorities lined up
at the railway station as th train
pulled in nearly two hours late. A
Swiss military band furnished a musi
cal welcome, .-while on all sides were
Swiss and American flags entwined.
The crowd broke Into tremendous
cheering, Thich -s replied to by the
American officers on the tra" wlth
"Vive la Suisse." The train was halted
for hours, during hich the Americans
were showered with delicacies. Min
ister Stovall held an impromptv recep
tion, shaking hands with many of them.
Minister Breaks Down.
The Minister frankly broke down
when some of his native Georgians
appeared. The women of the Amer
ican colony were on hand In full force,
decorated uniformly with American
flags fastened to a white background
bearing the names of their home
states. They distributed every .con
ceivable luxury and necessity, such as
overcoats, bags containing toilet kits,
writing paper, pencils and other things
which the men lacked.
The quiet of the Berne station.
where ordinarily one hears nothing
more exciting than a locomotive whis
tle, resounded for an hour with shouts
and cheers, the Americans improvising
college-style yells, especially for the
Swiss Red Crops, which all agreed had
done wonderful work until tho Amer
ican Red Cross took over the task of
sending food packages. The Y. M. C.
A. likewise came in for tremendous en
thusiasm, while the- sleepy little city
was stirred by recurrent shouts of
"What's the matter with the United
States? It's all right:"
The Americans were overjoyed, par
ticularly at seeing their country-women
again. Some of them seemed on the
verge of a breakdown while talking to
these women gathered on the platform.
The officeis'responded to the gifts by
distributing "souvenirs." which they
had been able to bring along, chiefly
German iron money pieces, and, with
a touch of humor, samples of German
(Concluded on Fuse 7, Column 2.)