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About The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current | View This Issue
VOL. XXXVII NO. 13.
POKTLAXD, OKE(iON, SUNDAY MOUSING, APRIL, 14, 1918.
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
LI B K MID
ML BACK ENEMY
Tcwns of Neuve Eglise
end . Hangard Retaken.
French make USES
Substanial Gain Near Orvil
liers-Sorel Made on Front
of Two-thirds of Mile.
HUN TRANSPORT IS HARRIED
Allied Airmen Smash Up Ger
man Supply Columns and
Fell Numerous Planes.
WITH THE BRITISH ARMY IN
TRANCE, April 13. German hordes
thU morning continued to deliver
.letfrrchammer blows in the Bailleul
and Merville sectors in an attempt to
break through and gain possession of
the important railway junctions at
Jtazcbrouck and Aire, but the British
ere still hanging doggedly to the
pateways leading westward. After a
right of desperate fighting there was
tio great change jn the situation since
last evening, but the position of the
defending troops seemed to be more
The enemy's greatest gain was just
to the southwest of Bailleul, where
they pushed their lines forward by
henry attacks to the line of the Hazc-brouck-Bailleul
Enemy Cain Slight.
Throughout the afternoon and night
Germans kept hurling troops against
this point in an attempt to force the
British from Bailleul, but the latter
held the town and along the railway
and the enemy got only as far as
Merris, which represented a gain of
perhaps a thousand yard.
Between Bailleul and Neuve Eglise
the British assumed the offensive dur
ing the night and. after bitter fight
ing, pushed the German lines back
considerably. Neuve Eglise itself has
been the center of a sanguinary strug
gle. British Attack Succeeds.
The enemy last night drove forward
here and captured the village, but a
counter attack early today brought it
bark into the British hands. A heavy
rngagement was in progress here this
morning and at least four German at
tacks were repulsed.
The northern end of the battle front
naturally continued to be the center
of interest, but on the south the com
bined British and French operations
last night gave the enemy a hard
knock. Hangard was recaptured in
n dashing drive by the allied troops
and a footing was gained in a copse
just north of this place.
In the north the enemy is making
desperate efforts to, get the domina
tion of the railway, so that troops,
guns and supplies can be rushed for-va-L
Tia whole trend of the operations
I u1c4 on . Culumn J.
J j GfKSVAr AC? JSr .H$g- y,a?AZSZ a& 1&fce Nl AWAITS - j
.. sssssSA - si a . a ". ssssaj. , s a a a s a .-' --
U. S. DISGRACED BY
PROTEST IS MADE AGAINST
Hundreds of Young Men of Influ
ence Said to Have Gained Safe
and Easy Army Jobs.
WASHINGTON. April 13. In a re
port to the House today Acting fecre
larvof War rrrtwftl defended the ap-
Inolntment of Herbert A. Meyer, former
secretary to Secretary Lane, as a cap
tain In the Signal Corps.
The report, which was In response
to a House resolution of inquiry, said
Meyer was appointed March 21. 1917
anil at no time thereafter had been
subject to the draft.
Representative Anthony again today
declared the appointment was due to
political influence. He pointed out
that Meyer was within the draft ace
and said the country had been scan
dalised by publication of a list of 200
or JA young: men of rich and Influ
ential families who had been appointed
aa officers and assigned to. noncom
FEDERAL BUILDING WAITS
Inlniportant Improvements Post
poned I'm 11 After War.
WASHINGTON. April 13. To save
money, labor and materials during" the
ar. Secretary MrAdoo today withdrew
requests for minor appropriations ag
gregating 4. 300. 000 for extensions and
improvements of Federal buildings,
which are not essentially necessary.
These enterprises will be postponed
until peace times.
Few of the Items withdrawn pro
vide for new buildings and In all
cases. It was aia, oovernmeni .on
would not be hampered. It was ex
plained at the Treasury that with
drawal of the appropriations will not
Interfere with building operations now
VIGILANTES' DANCE COMING
Organization That "Keeps Things
Spotted" lo Give Party.
Vigilantes, an organisation of Port
land people pledged to stamp out sedi
tion in this city, will give a dance at
(he Municipal Auditorium next Wed
nesday evening. The proceeds will be
devoted to financing the Association,
which Is materially aiding the Fed
eral authorities In "keeping things
spotted." There are 1200 Vigilantes InJ
this cl. .
Tb ; fleetr" display which was
placrd In the "Au'lttorlum two -weeks
ago by the Electrical Workers Aseocla
Hon will continue to Illuminate and
beautify the building until after the
LIBERIANS HIT BY SHELLS
Casualties Reported as Result
Bombardment of Monrovia.
LONDON. April II. The German sub
marine which on April 10 bombarded
Monrovia, the capital of the African
republic of Liberia. In addition to de
stroylng the wireless telegraph sis
lion, sank the Llberlan armed vessel
President Grant, It was announced here
A number of casualties were In
flicted on shore by the shells from the
After the bombardment lasting an
hour, the activities of the submarine
were Interrupted by a coastal steamer.
Aberdeen Building on Increase.
ABERDEEN', Wash, April IS (Spe
cial.) Two apartments and about 20
homes are under construction here now
and the volume of building promises to
continue throughout the Summer. One
house of 3S apartments is being: con
templated. One building company re
ports that it baa. figured upon 28
dwellings in the past o weeks. The
great increase in the number of labor
ers employed uere mi inae a scnuua
shortage of home"
CHIEF NEWS EVENTS OF THE PAST WEEK DEPRESSED CARTOONIST REYNOLDS AS HEREUNDER SHOWN.
Iff ALL-DAY BATTLE
Huns Badly Mauled in
Struggle Near Toul.
2 BOCHE ATTACKS CRUSHED
Yankees Mow Down Enemy;
Chase Them to Cover.
36 GERMANS ARE CAPTURED
With Splendid Courage, I". S. Boys
Leap Front Trenches When Teu
tons Essay Assault and Drub
Attackers In Hard Fighting.
WITH THE AMERICAN ARMY IN
FRANCE, April 13. (By the Associated
Press.) The battle Friday was the
first all-day struggle In which the
American troops have been engaged.
Two German attacks, which were de
livered In force against the American
positions northwest of Toul. were re
pulsed with heavy casualties to the
enemy. Including 36 prisoners left In
the hands of the Americans. American
losses were slight.
There was much hand-to-hand fight
ing In the open. The American In
fantry drove back the Germans from
trenches In which they gained a tem
The fighting began with one of the
most violent bombardments ever laid
down In that sector. During the night
the Germans kept up a harassing fire,
throwing many gas shells into the
Aafricau Make Couater Attack.
The first attack began at about
o'clock In tho morning, and waa di
rected against the French troops on the
eft flank of the American forces In
the forest of ApremonL
While this waa going on the Ameri
can troops made a counter attack un
the German line, moving forward be
hind a perfect curtain of fire. The
enemy, driven out of his trenches, was
forced to fight lathe open.
A deadly machine gun and automatic
rifle fire waa poured Into the enemy,
who offered stubborn resistance at first,
but later retreated to their second line,
hotly pursued by the American troops.
Desultory fighting continued for sev
Haas Badly Maaled.
The Germans again attacked at 11
o'clock at a point further to the right.
The American barrage fire cut them
off, but the German officers drove their
men through the exploding shells until
a few succeeded In penetrating the
American front line.
A counter attack which was imme
diately launched by the Americans
ejected the enemy, driving him back to
his positions. The struggle continued
to sway back and forth for several
While the action waa at Its height,
the commander of an American ma
chine gun company reported to his
chief that all the machine-gun em
placements had been shot away, but
that "every gun la working like hell."
Haa Aveagera Beaten Badly.
The attacks were made by the reor
ganised remnant of 100 shock troops
who failed to reach the American posi
tions In their gigantic raid on Wednes
day. Their ranks were filled out by
picked men from other units.
The German prisoners, who belonged
to six different organizations, said the
attack was ordered to avenge the
crushing defeat administered to the
enemy on Wednesday. Five of the
urlsoners were Uhlans, and all of the
men taken were carrying haversacks
well filled, as If In preparation for a
protracted stay In the American
t Concluded op Pg 2. Column
INDEX OF TODAY'S NEWS
Y EST BHD AY'S Maximum temperature. SO
degrees; minimum temperature, 37 de
sreea. TODAY'S Rain; increoalnc southerly wtndi.
Allies cheek Huns and recain two towns.
Section 1. pace 1.
Americans victors In all-day battle. Sec
tion 1. page 1.
Washington Army officers encouraged by
British stand. Section 1. page 7.
Twenty-sir killed. 62 wounded in latest Ger
man air raid on Palis. Section 1. pare 7.
Brltlah front reinforced and prospects ap
pear brighter for moment, says expert.
Section 1, page 6.
Canada bars two I. W. W. publications is
sued at Seatle. Section 1. pas 3.
Kerensky betrayed by cadets whose cause
no had espoused. Section 1. page 3.
Austrian peace letter now semi-off Icially
blamed on Duchess of Parma. Section
I. page 7.
Siberia suggested an bribe to Japan to join
the German-Finnish alliance. Section 1.
nation scandalised by "slickers." says Rep
resentative Anthony. Section 1. page 1
Over-optimism continues to menace success
or third liberty loan. Section 1, page -
Food Administration directs South Dakota
farmers to market all wheat before May
la. bectlon 1, page S.
Important changes In sabotage bill made by
conierees. section 1, pago 8.
Mor. Y. M. C. A. workers urgently needed
in r ranee ana Flanders. Section 1,
Wife of Chicago T'niversity professor opens
ncr nome to husband s affinity. Section
i. page 2.
Pacific and Atlantic roast shipyards com
pete tor record of fat launching of steel
vessels, beutlon 2. page S.
Thirty-three persons perish in flames at
Oklahoma Hospital for Insane. Section
1. page is.
Senator Owen proposes political and com
mercial isolstton of Germany. Section 1.
Both IdaJio political parties erk harmony
in com in if campaign. Section 1, p&ta 8.
Loggers and mill men told to speed opera
tion. Section I. page 12.
Highway engineers conclude annual meeting
at oeaiite. section l. page IS,
Medford vigilantes give coat of ink and
xeainera to pacifist. Section 1, page 12.
Seattle obtains liberty loan quota at last.
section i, page 2U.
Manager Fisher, of Heavers, making up list
of pin vers to be released. Section 2,
Scholastic baseball nines ready for opening
ot season, taction page 1.
Trapthootlng becomes more popular. Sec
tion 2, page 2.
Superstitious ballplayers fear to face cam
era. Section 2. page Z.
Peninsula and Suppte-Ballln teams, of Ship
builders' League, to clash at Vaugh street
toaay. etc tion -. page -:.
Orover Cleveland Alexander called In draft
to go to Camp Funeton. Section 2. page 2.
Many youngsters playing In major leagues.
Section 2. page 3.
Marty Farrell and Mick King to box six
rounds here April 24. Section 2, page 3.
Trapshooters end J.918 aeries today. Section
2.. page ii.-
War makes changes in National and Amer
ican Leagues. Section 2, page 4.
Portland and BetHnghmm trapshooters lo
day deride Northwest championsbfn. Sec
tion 2, page 4.
Portland and Vicinity.
Great pralscj given to Oregon by Secretary
McAdoo. Section 1, pace 1.
Miss Hunt, anti-war librarian, starts tempest
or indignation, beet ion 1, page 1.
Dangers of street emphasized by traffic of
ficers. Section 1, page 13.
City and fuel aa ministration cooperata In
urging citizens to ouy winter fuel at I
once. Section L page 14. I
McArthur Indorsed as candidate for re-elec
tion to congress. Section 1. page 14.
Youths of Oregon asked to enroll In work
ing reserve. Section 1, page 15.
Homer P. Shay bark In Portland after 368
days spent In British military hospital.
section i. page io.
More than 100 physicians pledge services' to
local Red Cross. Section 1, page 16.
City of Portland may go Into real estate
business. Section 1. page 18.
N'ew detention home to be completed May
ID. section j, page in.
Loyal Legion workers warned against mob
rule. Section l. page 17.
G. L. Rauch condemns council for refusing
to put streetcar measure oerore voters.
Section 1. page 17.
Project launched to plant shrub and flow
ers all along nigh way Xrom Canada to
Mexico. Section 1, page 17
Pacific Northwest leads Nation In produc
tion of airplane spruce. Section 1, page 22.
Thousands Join In celebrating liberty loan
victory. Section 1, page 10.
Wooden shlpmen hold "family" dinner. Sec
tion 1, page 1L -
Eleventh-hour crop of candidates for May
primaries is unusually neavy. section 1,
Portland' first of all cities since claim of
Toledo Is unofficial. Section 1, page 20.
Stock market rallies after heavy opening.
Section U page its.
Additional Inspectors recommended for Ore
gon district of U. S. steamboat service.
Section 2, page B.
Women do share to help shipbuilding pro
gramme, beet ion page a.
Weather report, data and forecast. Section.
1, page 11.
PRAISE GIVEN TO
OREGON BY M'ADDD
Message Sent to Kaiser
Is Unmistakable. .
BOYS IN FRANCE ARE BACKED
Heartfelt Congratulations Ex
tended to People of State.
SCORE MADE $22,997,650
Portland's Tola! Is $12,174,500
Not a Single County in State Has
Failed to Reach Quota and
Many Are Oversubscribed.
When the home folks write to the
boya iu France, they will tell them
how it went with the liberty loan in
Portland and Oregon, With that mes
sage thoy will know that they are not
forgotten, and that to the last coin
and resource Oregon is with them. Fo
the state-wide over subscription to the
third liberty loan is an answer to the
query that comes from overseas, "Are
you standing by us?"
Edward Cooklngham received today
from Secretary McAdoo this telegram
of congratulation to Oregon for being
the first honor state:
"Have just received the splendid
news that Oregon has been awarded
the first state honor flag and has over
subscribed its allotment to the third
liberty loan. Please extend to the peo
ple of Oregon my heartfelt congratula
tions on this new demonstration of
their loyalty and patriotism.
Americanism Rlnss True.
"I am delighted to hear that they
are not ceasing their efforts and that
they will work assiduously for the
the largest possible oversubscription,
This is the true spirit of Americanism.
I was touched by A his spirit during my
visit to Oregon in the second liberty
"By continuing to buy bonds, not-
wit hstaiuiing; the state's overeubscrlp.
tion, the people of Oregon will help
materially to send a message to the
Herman Kaiser that the freedom-loving
people of America are determined to
back up with all their resources their
brave soldiers and saflore who are now
risking and giving their lives that mil
itary despotism may be destroyed and
peace re-established upon the stable
basis of Justice and liberty."
Tela! of State $22,897,650.
At, close of one week's campaign
ing- . which Oregon won pre-eminence
&r the first state to fill its quota, the
total subscriptions last night were
scored at t22.997.650. or more than
J4.600.00 beyond the goal first set by
Secretary McAdoo. Portland's total
last night was J12.174.600. Not a single
county remained outside the fold. AH
reported the full attainment of quotas,
and heavy over subscriptions. But few
towns In all Oregon have yet to reach
their quota allotments.
Through Portland last night there
swept the fire of patriotism, kindling
every heart to the sense of duty and
the will to carry on. By thousands the
city's citizens thronged from every
section and suburb to participate In the
six simultaneous "over the top" rallies
that marked the celebration of Oregon's
Streets Are Thronged.
The streets streamed with people.
About the focal centers, where speak
ers talked clean-strain Americanism,
and where bands and soloists woke the
old fighting tunes, with their aodiences
joining mightily, the massed thousands
surged, cheering again and again.
There was talk of Oregon, and the part
she played, but more of the sacrifice
that America's sons are making on the
fields of France. With voices that rang
with whole-hearted love of country
(Concluded on Page 21, Column 1.)
MORE Y.M.C.A. MEN
NEEDED IN FRANCE
rKGEXT CALL SEAT OCT FOR
. ADDITIONAL WORKERS.
Immediate Recruiting Urgred Men
Must Be Above Draft Age and
Follow Firing Line.
CHICAGO, April 13. Out of the des
perately tried ranks of the allies in
France and Flanders came an urgent
call for 1000 T. M. C. A. secretaries
The cablegram conveying the call
was censored, Dut the elisions were
said to be eloquent of the terrific
strain of all engaged in the great bat
tie. The Y. M. C. A. men, who must be
above draft age, foilow the firing line,
bringing such comfort as is possible to
the fighting men. The cablegram was
censored at T. M. C. A. headquarters
"because of revelations which must be
withheld for protective reasons."
"Imperative we meet our full obli
gations in both American and French
armies. Recently have assigned to
French work 73 new secretaries and
have permitted enlistment of 67 men
in the American Army. Never sd un
derstaffed as now. Thirty-eight posi
tions now under enemy fire and 4
near front line. Specialized recruiting
needed to produce 25 men and five
women weekly for French work alone
NEW YORK, April 13. Cable ad
vices from Paris, :.eceived by the war
work council of the Young Men's Chris
tian Association here tonight, says that
250 association workers are accompany
ing the American troops to the Picardy
battle front, making upwards of 50
of these non-combatants at present in
the zone of shell fire.
Five Y. M. C. A. buildings have been
captured by the Germans in the pres
ent offensive and two others have been
demolished by shells, according to the
BOOK SCRAPS SHOE TOTS
Printing Office Women Make Bel'
gian Footwear From Bindings.
SACRAMENTO, Cal., April 13. Ap
proximately 200 pairs of shoes have
been made by women employes of the
State Printing Office for Belgian
babies, according to Robert L. Telfer,
The shoes were, made with scraps of
leather and corduroy used in book
bindings. They "will be forwarded to
Belgium soon. '
HENRY WATTERSON IS ILL
Editor of Louisville Paper Said to
Be In No Serious Condition.
LOUISVILLE, April 13. Henry Wat-
terson, editor of the Courier-Journal
of Louisville, is ill here at the Norton
His condition, however, is said by
the attending physician not to be
MEXICAN GENERAL KILLED
Acting-Governor of Tamaulipas As.
sassinated While In Courtroom.
BROWNSVILLE, Tex., April 13. The
Mexican Consulate here today con
firmed the assassination of General
Emillano P. Nafarrate, acting governor
of Tamaulipas, at Tampico Tuesday
No details were given, but it was re
ported General Nafarrate was shot to
death while standing in a courtroom,
the bullet entering his back. No ar
rests have been made.
IRST YANK PRISONER FREE
American Escapes From Germany
and Reaches Switzerland.
PARIS, April 13. The first Ameri
can prisoner to escape from Germany,
says the Temps, has reached Basel,
DISCHARGE OF MISS
Anti-War Librarian Has
BOARD'S ACTION CONDEMNED
Exoneration of Assistant Is
INDIGNATION IS GENERAL
"Action or Library Attendant Insult
to Motherhood of Xation," Says
Mayor Liberty Loan
Workers Fully Aroused.
BRIEF SCENARIO OF TESTER.
DAT'S DEVELOPMENTS IN
By telephone and in person,
protests pour in at liberty loan
headquarters and to the news
papers against the action of the
Library Board in . exonerating
Miss Louise Hunt.
At 11:30 A. M. an indignation
meeting was staged at Liberty
Temple, where a resolution was
adopted asking that the Library
Board reconsider Its action.
At 2 P. M. a second meeting of
liberty loan workers was held at
Liberty Temple to receive the re
port of the committee named to
present resolutions to the Library
Board. More time was asked.
At 5 P. M. Ihe committee re
ported that a second meeting of
the board of directors of the Li
brary Association will be called
Monday night to decide whether
the matter shall be reconsidered.
Miss Louie Hunt, assistant librarian
at the Central Library, who does not
believe in war and is classified as a
conscientious objector, has started as
merry a battle as Portland has seen in
a long time by her reTusal to buy lib
erty bonds. ,
There is a general demand for her
summary dismissal, this attitude of the
public mind oeing aptly and forcefully
expressed by Mayor Baker, who re
sponded to an inquiry for an opinion in
the following languago.
'Miss Hunt's attitude is an insult to
the motherhood of our Nation and to
their boys who are knee-deep in the
muddy trenches of France fighting for
liberty. Nothing short of her dismissal
from an institution where our boys and
girls are compelled to go and must of
necessity come in contact with a mind
that is wholly un-American and un
sympathetic to our common and vital
cause will suffice in this case.
Mayor Urges ftuiok Action.
The Library board must act, and
quickly, too, so as to clear the stain
from the name of our otherwise thor
oughly loyal state."
The liberty loan committee and
workers yesterday denounced the
board of directors of the Library As
sociation, who, on Friday night, passed
vote of confidence in Miss Hunt.
They called upon the library directo
rate to reconsider its action and dis
miss Miss Hunt from the library staff.
W. B. Ayer, president of the library
and. also Federal food administrator for
Oregon, received a committee from the
iherty loan workers, bearing a reso
lution asking reconsideration, and
agreed that a -meeting will be called
tomorrow night. -
I will send copies of the resolution
to the other directors and advise them
(Concluded on Papa 12. Column 3.)