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YOU XXXVII NO. C
rOICTLAXD. OREGON. ' SUNDAY MORNING, FEBRUARY 10, 1018.
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
ARGENTINA RENT BY
300 WALK OUT IN
PEACE WITH HONS
BY BRITAIN'S EHVOf
BE U-BOAT PROOF
WILD DISORDKKS TIIROf GHOtT
HCCE FROZEN" " MASSES MOTE
DOWN MONONG-lftELA RIVER.
EMPLOYES GO ON" STRIKE TO
ENFORCE CLOSED SHOP.
.. COVNTHY REPORTED.
tm I II r I all X
Greatest Problem cf War
TORPEDO SCO! OBSOLETE
Official of Wava! Consulting
Board Makes Unequivo-
"VALUE OF DEVICE" PROVED
Honeycombed Airtight Cells
Are Important Factor in
NEW YORK, Feb. 0. Means have
been found to maVe t ran? porta un
inbable by supmarine. according to
a statement made tonight by William
I Saunders, rice-chairman of the Na
val Consulting- Board, in an address
at a dinner of the University of Penn
sylvania alumni in this city.
Mr. Saunders said" that one of the
hips recently commandoered by the
Government "now at a.) Atlantic
Iort. and. in such aliape that (he can
not be sunk by an exploding torpedo.'
Enemy Should Know It.
"I can conceive of no reason why
this information shouM be withheld,"
be added. "On the contrary. I believe
it L well that the enemy may come to
realixe that the time hit been reached
hen American transports ar ready
for the transportation of our troop
hich that enemy cannot sink.
"This shin may have a hole 50 or
40 fet in diameter blown in ber side
and she will remain afloat. Such
ho'e would waterlog but one-tenth of
the honeycombed airtight cells."
Ship Will Stay Afloat.
Mr. Saumfera described in detail the
plan to keep ships alat after they
had been torpedoed and the manner
in which it had been developed by
William Donnelly, a New York ma
rine engineer, working under author
ization of the Naral Consulting Board.
"Of course it will take some time to
Huip similarly the Urge number of
transports we have." continued Mr.
Saunders. "It is m belief, however,
that nothing will be left undone by
the) Administration to safeguard the
live of large troop contingents to be
moved across the Atlantic."
Statement Made Heretofore.
Mr. Saunders, in a statement
credited to him la.t May. asserted
that a solution of the submarine prob
lem had probably been found by the
Hoard and in the opinion of the Board
members the scheme as approved
would put an end to the submarine
menace. He did not enter into details.
Other members of the Board, in
cluding Robin, its secretary, and
I"rank J. Sprague, a member of the
committee on submarines, took issue
with Mr. Saunders that the solution
fCne'u.l ail Pes S. Column -
"TiTl " " i ftf &s
HOUSE i Lr f,T- Afsr IK--f9 ft 1 i i,'i fc tiC-,. .ViyOl
-J I ' I I f I " I v it II Ol .W.-V -"T " ' - - :r r&f .-- T m i r -v .
; ' ' ilf
Trains Wrecked, Tracks "Detrojed
and Much Wheat Burned; Troops
Are Ordered I mo Action.
BUENOS AIRES. Feb. 9. A Son
era! railroad strike was called today
throughout Argentina. Immediately up
on quitting; work the strlkrra began a
Id anarchistic demonstration through
out the country.
Trains were wrecked, tracks de
stroyed, cars laden with wheat were
burned and wires were cut. preventing
nea from the interior frvm reaching
- Troops are being ruined to points of
greatest disorder. The larger yards
in tlie ouUklrta of Buenos Aire, which
cover city blocks, wars set on fire
by strikers who fought off the fire
men. Exploding tank cars added to th
The strike Is a fresh outbreak of th
labor troubles which have been dormant
since last October.
In the riots during; the first day of
tbo strike th destruction of property
in the city of Buenos Aires alone
amounted to l.OoO.Oo pesos, fully one
half of this loss was In wheat, corn and
Unseed, which was burned at the sub
urb of Sin Martin.
Efforts are being made to spread the
strike to all classes of - workmen
throughout the republic Great uneasi
ness Is felt because of the danger
hundreds of thousands of tons of whea
pllrd and awaiting shipment to tne
DRAFT COINCIDENCE QUEER
Brothers, Taken From Different
Towns, Have Same Serial Number,
TACOMA. Wash.. Feb. S- (Special.)
The curious coincidence of two broth
ra be In j drafted with the same serial
number in Los Angelra and Needles,
CaL, became known in camp today.
They are Arthur H. and Robert F.
Oefirger. Arthur was from Los An
flea, roth held 0J as their number
In the great lottery.
Arthur was formerly an ad writer In
l-a Angeles and la now a member of
Company P. JUth Machine Gun Bat
talion, while Robert waa in thi" railway
nail service at Needles and Is a cor
poral In the Rase Hospital Corps.
Neither knew that his brother held SOS
until tbey compared notes today,
uonlti after their arrival
RABID COYOTES RAMPANT
Cattle Reported Killed
FAt-KM. Or. Feb. . (Special.)
State Vetcrtnaajan Lytle says ho has
received report of a great outbreak of
rabies In Northern K'ama'h County,
causing heavy losses of cattle. Rabid
coyotes are said to be. running ram
pant In the country there and attack
ing cattle freely.
Petitions have been sent to Fdgar
Averill. of the t'nlted Plates Kiolngieal
Purvey, at Pendleton, asking for hunt
ers, and It Is expected at leat one
hunter and probably more will be aent
lnt the district soon.
The Plate Veterinarian explains the
outbreak by saying that the desert Is
practically bare of sheep at present
and lack of food has driven the coyotes
into the rattle country.
SUFFRAGE ISSUE RAISED
Nebraska to Find Oat Why Regular
Army Soldiers Cannot Vole.
OMAHA. Feb. . Proceedings were
begun today to test the constitution
ality of the law denying soldiers of the
Krxular Army the right to vols in Ne
braska. Under the law members of .the Na
tional Guard are permitted to vote by
mail, no matter where they may be.
but membera of the Regular Army are
barred. If the law is upheld, it is said.
Governor Neville will call sn extra ses.
sion of the Leeislature to amend It.
PICTORIAL SIDELIGHTS BY CARTOONIST REYNOLDS ON SOME LEADING EVENTS IN THE PAST WEEK'S NEWS.
-i 4- CtSC1 Tsszsosy 1 TTFj -T JSPi) I 1 ovGerfci) JF'Air lmW J J
Agreement Reached a
FIRST PACT OF WAR SIGNED
Russia's Greatest Grain Fields
Prize at Stake. .'
VICTORY NOT YET CERTAIN
Bolshevik Deputes Authority of
Itada Over Territory Involved
and Fiflitlog Is. Already in
Progress for Control.
BERLIN". Feb. . via London. Peace
between the central powers and the
Ukraine was signed at 2 o'clock this
morning, according to an official state
ment issued here today.
LONDON. Feb. . The peace agree
ment between ths central powers and
Lkraine was signed at X o'clock this
morning, according to an official Berlin
statement as forwarded from Copen
hagen by the Exchange Telegraph Com
An Austrian official statement re
ceived here says that Deuce with
Lkraine was signed st Brest-Litovsk.
The announcement of an agreement
between the Teutonic powers and
I'kranla. marking the first peace con
cluded by any of the belligerents, may
turn out to be one of epochal Impor
tance. New Unnlr Dlsewaated.
It had been largely discounted, how
ever, by the apparent anxiety manifest
ed by representatives of the Ukrainian
Rada at Brest-Litovsk to sign a peace
of soma sort with Germany and ber
allies and also by the uncertainty as to
the reality of the peace which has been
achieved on paper.
Doubt exists as to ths sxtent of the
ccptrol exercised by the Rads over the
control xercud by tne Rada over the
I'kranian republic, which It purports
That control Is disputed by the Bol-
shevlkl. w ho broke with the Rada rep
resentatives at Brest-Lltovsk and ap
pointed I'kranian delegates of their
own when they fonnd the first set of
I'kranian. whom they objected to as
bourgeois" secretly negotiating with
the central powers.
Grata Provlaeea at Stake.
Bolshevik! and I'kranian troops are
engaging each other for the mastery of
the territory, which Includes some of
he best grain-growing provinces of
Russia, and each is claiming success in
Germany and Austria are tacitly ad
mitted to have seised upon the oppor
unity to sign a peace with the t'kra-
lans In the hope thst tbey could work
heir way commercially Into the grain-
growina' territory and thus secure sup
plies of food for their hungry popu
lations. Their own people seem to have built
great hopes on the effectiveness of
this peace with the Ukraine, but appa
rently their leaders are none too cer
tain of the relief it will give for one
thing because of the uncertainly as to
the security ot the Rada's power la
Rasiasaala I art ted ta Jala.
Thus they are reported trying to in
cite Koumanla to Join forces with the
I'krantans in an attempt to defeat the
EoUheviki and to be holding out to the
Roumanians the possibility of their
taking portions of Russian territory In
Bessarabia as a reward, labeling the
(Concluded on Pace 2. Coiumn 1.)
Steamers and CoalTlpnlcs Crashed.
Great Gorge at Brownsville,
Ta., Goes ' Out.
FITTSBCT.G. Feb. 10. An avalanche
of Ice, probably millions of tons in
weight. Is coming down the Monongs-1
he la River toward this city, crushing
river steamers and coal tipples in it
The great gorge at Brownsville, Pa.
that has been threatening to let go
for two days, went'out at 1 o'clock this
morning. The gorge was nine miles
long and the' Ice rack "was piled SO
feet high. '
Earlier In the night smaller gorges
back of the big pack let go and piling
up behind the great gorge forced it out.
. The four-span Baltimore's: Ohio Rail
road bridge, a steel structure at Poin
Marion,-was carried-away- by the ice
when the Cheat River gorge broke.
The -bridge spanned the mouth of the
The-' .BrownBVille Gorge reached
Bridgeport, Pa., shortly after 1 o'clock
this morning when the ice piled up on
abutments. The pack will hold at this
point for a short time when it is ex
pected to give way again.-
MILL WAGES ARE RAISED
Common Laborers in Great Demand
in Shipyards on Coos Bay.
NORTH BEND.. Or, Feb. 9. (Spe
clal.) The Buebner Lumber Company
and North Bend Mill &. Lumber Com
pany announced today that the wages
of common laborers would from Jlon
day. next, -be Increased by 25 cents,
making the wage $3.75 per day of 10
Corresponding increases in the pay
of skilled laborers and workers in the
woods and camps will be announced at
the same time. ' '
The Increase Is arranged to meet the
rain on the mills for laborers for tne
shipyards, where common laborers re
ceive JJ.50 for an eight-hour day.
MORAL VICTORY TO BE WON
F.i. President Taft Says V. S. Will
Insist on Just Tcace.
LITTLE ROCK. Ark.. Feb. J. In an
ddress to soldiers at camp rise v
ay, ex-President William H. Taft said
h.t "n,u now. even tnougn it oe
mads on the bails of the restoration
or the status quo, without Indemnities
and with no annexations. would, be
failure to achieve the great purposes
for which America, and -er associates
in the war are fighting."
He aald a victorious result is neces
sary to give security. He said that
when the war Is won the United States
will wish to be heard as to peace terms.
"The United States will insist on a
lust peace., not,. one of material con
quest. It Is a moral victory the world
4-YEAR-OLD NEEDS $10,000
Court Grants Yonnz Millionaire Biz
Sum for Support In 1918.
HONOLULU. T. HM Jan. 22. (Spe
cial.) Richard Parker Smart, of San
Francisco, whose age is four years, re
quires 1 10.008 a year for his support,
according to the decision of a Circuit
Judge here, who has granted him that
sum for his needs in 1918.
Young Smart is the heir to a fl.000,
000 estate In the Hawaiian Islands.
Fir and Spruce Logging Starts.
ABERDEEN. Wash.. Feb. 9. (Sp -clal.)
Logging of a tract of 25.000,000
feet of fir and spruce timber 0.1 the
Upper WlBhkah River has been started
by the Aberdeen Logging Company. A
crew of about 50 men is employed. The
Mox Chehalis Logging Co ipany is log
ging In Its new workings between
Monteesno and Aberdeen with a ere .
of about 150 men. This force is to be
Increased to 400 men by Summer.
Reading Pays Tribute
to Tuscania Victims.
DEEP SYMPATHY EXPRESSED
New Ambassadn-VT, w
sage of vurage.-
ALL U. S. ALLIES IN ACCORD
Sacrifices of England Referred To
and Belief Is Expressed That
America Will Prove Equal
v to Any Emergency.
AN ATLANTIC PORT, Feb. 9. A
tribute to the American soldiers lost In
the sinking: of the troop transport Tus
cania "Gallant men who have made the
supreme sacrifice for their country's
sake" was paid by Earl Reading, for
mer Lord Chief Justice of England,
who arrived here today.
As high commissioner and ambassa
dor extraordinary and plenipotentiary
on special mission to the United States.
he will, assume the duties of Sir Cecil
Spring-Rice, British Ambassador at
Washington, who has been recalled.
Earl Reading, who was accompanied
by the Countess of Reading and a suite
of military and naval aides, remained
tonight aboard the British steamship
on which he made the voyage. Tomor
row, with his official party, he will go
As special envoy of the British Cab-
net. Earl Reading:, then a Viscount.
visited the United States in September.
1917. Upon his return to England he
was elevated to an Earldom. In Sep
teraber. 1915. he made his first wartime
vlset to this country as head of the
British Steeled ti Suffering;.
.Assurances that the British people
are prepared to endure whatever suf
fering, privation or sacrifice necessary
to obtain the only possible conclusion
of this war." were given by Earl Read
ing in a statement issued upon his ar
inn tne American people are
equally prepared to make every effort
to bring about this result Is the surest
guarantee that the cause Is Just and
the aim is righteous," the statement
Among those in Earl Reading's party
are Major-General Ernest Dunlop Sa in
ton, assistant secretary to the British
War Cabinet: James Bennett Drunyate.
member of the Council'of India; Charles
Hubert Montgomery, private secretary
to the Under-Secretary of State for
Foreign Affairs; Sir Grtmwood Mears.
who investigated alleged German
trocities and wrote a reply to the Ger
man white book, which had eulogised
the eonduvt of the German troops in
Belgium, and. Major Charles Kennedy
Craufurd Stuart, who has been ac
corded many honors in England for his
military services, and has been re
cently on special duty in tlie Sudan. -
Pro'earnd Sympathy Expressed.
The party was met here by a num
ber of British consular, military and
naval officials. Among- them were
Clive Bayley, Consul-General at New
Tork City, and Commodore Guy Gaunt,
nd Brigadier-General MacLachan, na
il and military attaches at the Brit
ish Embassy, Washington.
The statement issued by Earl Read
'My first thought upon arrival is
of the loss of life oh the Tuscania re
ported to us wnile we were at sea.
May I pay my very respectful tribute
of honor to the gallant men who have
made the supreme sacrifice for their
country s sake and express my pro-
(Concluded on Paje 3, Column S:
Two N'on-Cnion Men' Cause Trouble
When They Fail to Join Local
of Organized Labor.
OLTMPIA. Wash..' Feb. 9. (Special.)
Three hundred or more employes of
the Sloan Shipyards in this city, which
is now beinar operated by the United
States Shipping Board; went on a strike
today to enforce the closed shop. Men
" (S lved are the carpenters and engi
.J. According to reports irora tne
yard the trouble arose over two non
union men. upon one of whom the
union had fixed a fine of 950 in addi
tion to the Initiation fee of 930. It is
reported that both men were willing to
join the union, but were unable to
meet the cash terms.
By local management of the yards
the dispute was immediately referred
to the Macy Commission, of which
Henry McBrlde, of Seattle, is district
representative. No signs of a settle
ment were apparent tonight. The yards
have been under rush orders since they
were taken from Sloan by the Ship
pine; Board in order to finish eight
badly needed ships already on the ways
and to begin work on eight more the
board had contracted for from Sloan.
. With .double time for overtime and
Sunday work the men have been earn
ing as high as $16 a day and in the
higher skilled branches some have
drawn more than 9100 a week. Pay
checks ranging in the neighborhood of
J70 a week have become common since
the Government undertook to operate
the yard. About half the present crew
is Involved in the strike.
The Sloan yards were taken over by
the Government on the epen-shop basis
already prevailing under Sloan's man
JORDAN ASSAILS PRUSSIA
Former Pacifist Strikes New Note in
Speech at San Francisco.
. SAN FRANCISCO, Feb. 9. Dr. David
Starr Jordan, chancellor of Leland
Stanford Junior University, today ar
raigned the Prussian autocratic
dynasty in an address entitled "The
Taproot of War," delivered before the
Dr. Jordan, before the United States
declared war on Germany, was one of
the foremost peace advocates in the
country. Today's address was his first
since this country entered the war. .
DIVA BRIDE OF" DIPLOMAT
Genevieve Vix Married to , Prince
Cyril "Narischkine of Russia.
NEW TORK, Feb 9. Genevieve Vix,
one of the leading sopranos of the Chi
cago Grand Opera Company, and Prince
Cyril Narischkine, former attache of
the Russian Embassy in Paris and a
relative of the former Russian Em
peror, were married at the City Hall
here today. .
The bride was attended by the
Duchess of Westminster.
WHALE MEAT MAY BE SOLD
City's Fish Market Likely to Put on
Quantity of Food it Demand.
Whale meat may be added to the
city's fish market. City Commissioner
Kellaher yesterday put out inquiries
which may result in a. quantity of the
meat being shipped here from Grays
Harbor or other whale fishing points.
Portland has eaten whale meat be
fore, large quantities of it having been
sold at a local market a year ago at
10 cents a pound.
free: service ' bureau.
The Oregonian . makes, today,
an announcement of great inter
est and importance to all its
readers. See page 5, section e.
5V PORTIA jl 'vv'.v'
Ht2) IHIlstTrt II' -"
Aid to Survivors.
RED-CROSS PROMPT TO: ACT
Clothing and Equipment for
BRITISH GIVE UP - COATS
Tommies Provide Food . and ' Enter,
tainment Official Washington
Figures Continue to Place
Missing. at Only-113. i
. LONDONDERRY Feb.. 9. All the
American survivors from the Tuscania
with the exception of about fOO sick or
! Injured and a party of 143 who landed
In Scotland were today quartered in
two military camps. ' ,
To a majority of the men the over
landjourney from thii northern coast,
where they were brought ashore, was
their first ride in the native - toylike
trains, and they thoroughly enjoyed it.
The news had spread through the
countryside that the Americans were
coming in special trains.- and at each
little railway station groups of farmer
folk had gathered to catch a glimpse
of the troops and wave, a friendly
greeting, to which the Americans were
constantly making acknowledgment.
Bagpipes Help On.
Scottish troops piped the Americans
from the railway to the camps.
Captains Wells and Smith, of : the
American Red Cross. 'who had visited
as 'many of the landing places as was
physically possible, followed the men
to camp, where they helped to distrib
ute funds to the American officers and
will see that all the men are properly
A' complete issue of clothing was
made to each officer and private. The
outfits came from British stores on
orders from quartermasters and Cap
tains, and payment is guaranteed b.v
the Red Cross. Beside clothing, each
man was. presented . with a raor and
Tomsales, Red Cross Art.
At one camp there were not enough
overcoats in the stores to go round,
so the British Tommies gladly took off
the coats they were wearing and put
them on the Americans.
The Red Cross also sent from the
Belfast branch knitted mufflers, hel
mets and sweaters, which were espe
cially welcomed by the Americans in
their first experience with the Irish
climate. . -
The one thing most appreciated by
the men was, a visit from Miss Jean
Ogilvie, a member of the Red Cross
from New York. She was the first
American woman they had seen 'einoe '
leaving the United States. - - '
She came from Belfast with cigar
ettes, clothing and comforts and food.
Many Lost Money. -
Two-thirds of the -meTi lost air of
their funds except a, little, pocket
change. ' Fortunately, a few carried
money belts and saved their money,
which, once a shore, they promptly
distributed among the others.
The .American. off icers were hit ha rd
est. All lost their kits and tbe larger'
part of their uniforms, which, unlike
the privates, they must obtain at their'
own expense. As for the enlisted men,
townspeople eevrywhere-invariably- re-
fused to accept payment for purchases
by them. .
. Passing through Belfast many of the
privates found it bard to be: "broke"
for the first time in'their lives.
At th camps the American officers
(Concluded on Page 3. Column 1.1