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About The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current | View Entire Issue (Aug. 12, 1917)
Pages 1 to 18
VOL. XXXVI NO. 32.
PORTLAND, OREGON, SUNDAY MORNING, AUGUST 12, 1917.
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
KAISER IS BITTER IN
TALK AGAINST U. S.
"America Better Look
OutAfter This War."'
THREATS ARE MADE TO GERARD
"I Shall Stand No Nonsense
From America After War."
SUSSEX BRINGS ON CRISIS
Von Tirpltz Party, Favoring Ruth
less Submarine War, Advocates
Break With United States,
. Which Is Hated, Despised.
. BT JAMES W. GERARD.
American Ambassador to the German Im
perial Court. July 28. 1913. to February 4.
Copyright, 1917. by the Public Ledger
Atout March 1, 1916; it was reported
that a grand council of war was held at
Charlevllle and that in spite of the sup
port of Tirpits bv Falkenhayn, the
Chief of Staff, the Chancellor was sus
tained by the Emperor and once more
beat the propositions to recommence
ruthless submarine war.
In March, too, the "illness" of von,
Tirpltz was announced, followed shortly
by his resignation. On March 19, von
Tirpltz birthday, a demonstration was
looked for and I saw many police near
his dwelling, but nothing unusual oc
curred. I contemplated a trip to America,
but both the Chancellor and von Jagow
begged me not to go.
Germany Divided In Two Camps.
From the time of the Lusitanla sink
ing to that of the Sussex all Germany
was divided in two camps. The party
of the Chancellor tried to keep peace
with America and did not want to have
Germany branded as an outlaw among
nations. Von TIrpitz and his party of
naval and military officers called for
ruthless submarine war. and the Con
servatives, angry with Bethmann-Holl-weg
because of his proposed concession
as to the extension of suffrage, joined
the opposition. The. reception of our
last Lusitanla note in July, 1915, was
hostile, and I was accused of being
against Germany, although, of course, I
had nothing to do with the preparation
of this note. .
Chancellor Is Attaekes.
The Deputies representing the great
Industrials of Germany joined in Au
gust, 1915. in the attack on the Chan
cellor. These men wished to keep
Northern France and Belgium, because
they hoped to get" possession of the
coal and Iron deposits there, and so
obtain a monopoly of the iron and steel
trade of the Continent. Accelerators of
public opinion, undoubtedly hired by
the Krupp firm, .were hard at work.
These annexationists were opposed by
the more reasonable men, who signed a
petition against the annexation of Bel
gium. Among the signers of 'this rea
sonable men's . petition . were Prince
Hatzfeld (Duke of Trachenberg), head
'of the Red Cross; Dernburg, Prince
Henkel Donnersmarck, Professor Del
bruck, von Hirnach and many others.
Arable Settlement Enrages.
The rage of the Conservatives at the
Arabic settlement knew no bounds, and
after a bitter article had appeared in
the Tageszeltung about the Arabic af
fair that newspaper was suppressed for
some days a rather unexpected show
ing of backbone on the part of the
Chancellor. Reventlow, who wrote for
this newspaper, is one of the ablest edi
torial writers in Germany. An ex-naval
officer, he is bitter in his hatred of
America. It was said that he once lived
(Concluded on Page 7. Column 1.)
1 CTOYS rf ?V&- OY
CAR MEN STRIKE
IN SAN FRANCISCO
UNITED RAILROADS EJIPLOYES
SAID TO SEEK 8-HOUR DAY.
Walkout Comes Suddenly Affecting
Three Lines Municipal Cars
Are Not Involved.
SAN FRANCISCO, Ang. 11. Shortly
before 12 o'clock company officials hur
ried to. police- headquarters and stated
that they expected that 800 men would
strike before the nla-ht was over. They
naked police protection to prevent dis
orders. SAN FRANCISCO, Cal., Aug. 11. A
number of crews of three lines, of the
United Railroads here left their cars
late tonight, declaring that by mid
night service would be suspended on
the entire -system. Other crews re
fused to leave their cars when ordered
to do so by men calling upon them to
strike. The employes who walked
out ald they were "following instruc
An eight-hour day and wage read
justments were said to be the de
mands of the strikers. They were
formulating their demands late to
night. Neither the company nor the men had
any definite information as to how
many men were out, or Just what lines
Shortly after the strike reports be
gan to come in, the Police Department
ordered out all reserve policemen and
stationed extra men in districts af
fected. No disorder was reported, and
the presence of the police, their offi
cers said, was precautionary only.
The United Railroads platform men
of San Francisco have not been known
to be organized, although agitation
for organization took place about IS
The United Railroads Compan has
not recognized any union or other or
ganization of its employes.
Local labor leaders professed Ig
norance of the cause for the strike to
night. The United Railroads Company has
of the carlines in San Francisco and
Interurban lines down the peninsula.
None of the municipal lines -were af
fected by the strike move so far as
could be learned tonight.
DR. LIEBKNECHT IS DYING
German Socialist, Weighing Only 84
Pounds,. Released From Jail.
PARIS, Aug. 11. Dr. Karl Liebnecht,
Socialist leader in the German Reich
stag, who was arrested in connection
with the May Day demonstrations in
Berlin in 1916, was liberated a fort
night ago by the- Uerman government
through fear that he might die in pris
on. He is said to be suffering from
tuberculosis and weighing only St
pounds. , ' .
The authenticity of the above seems
certain, says the Temps' Geneva corre
spondent, although the- German news
papers, in obedience to orders, have
kept silent regarding it.
PORTLAND MAN IS OFFICER
H. F. Cabell Commissioned Second
Lieutenant at Fort Meyer.
CHICAGO. Aug. 11. Commissions Is
sued at the officers' training camp at
Fort Meyer,. Virginia, .were, officially
announced today. They include the
following: ' '
Oregon Henry F Cabell Portland,
Montana Inman, P.- - Crutchfield,
Hamilton, Second Lieutenant.
Idaho G. Ainslee Nugent, Boise, Sec
FAIR WEEK IS PROMISED
Normal Temperatures Predicted for
J Pacific Sattes. .
WASHINGTON1, Aug. 11. Weather
predictions for the week beginning
Sunday, Issued by the Weather Bureau
today, are: - -
Pacific "States Generally fair, with
HEW YORK CALLOUS
. TO DEATHS BY HEAT
Scant Notice Given to
Victims in Streets
FOUR DAYS' TOLL IS 878
Murders and Suicides Ascribed
MANY SLEEP IN STREET
Whole Families Spend Night In the
Sands of Coney Island Board of
Health Estimates 9 55 Died
Week Ending August 4.
. NEW. YORK, Aug. 11. (Special.)
New York has Just struggled through
the worst heat wave that has struck
the city in 40 years. For five days
the 'sun 'appeared to be- occupying a
new position somewhere near the back
of a man's neck "and the etreet ther
mometers registered 105 and 107 de
grees Fahrenheit with a painful regu
larity. People succumbed in appalling num
bers an old lady here, an infant
there, and factory workers by the doz
ens in various places until by the. end
of the fourth day 878 deaths from the
heat ere recorded.
Heat Causes Suicide.
-Several of these were suicides. Mad
dened by their futile attempts to get
cool, a few sought a more comfortable
end in the river, while others, in de
lirium, leaped from their windows. At
least two murders, according to the
police department, were attributable
to the heat.
For the most part New Yorkers ac
cepted the heat calamity with the same
sophisticated urbanity that they ac
cept any and every event. Where lifeJ
is plentiful It is not valued very
Interest In Victims Slight.
The first day a slight interest was
exhibited in persons who flopped over
in the streets. A crowd usually gath
ered and .occasionally one heard a sym
pathetic remark if it happened to ,be
a fairly pretty girl or a feeble old
lady, but by the end of the second day
a man could lie face forward on the
pavement for five minutes without at
tracting the attention or assistance of
the hurried pedestrian. Then some
one would say
"There's another poor nut send for
a cop." ' . ' . . ,
Eventually an overworked ambu
lance would arrive and cart the victim
Families Sleep on Beach.
Unfortunately, at the beginning of
the hot spell the city's supply of elec
tric fans ran short. and an emergency
call to the factories revealed the fact
that . for some . mysterious reason
probably the war there were aone.
Curiously enough, the East Side reg
istered fewer deaths than any of the
other crowded sections. This is prob
ably because -most of the .population
slept In the street, while those who had
enough energy add enough money went
to Coney Island and slept,. on the
Here; whole families were found
spread out on the beach tired fath
ers with gaunt, haggard cheeks; wan
.mothers with nursing babies and
hordes of small progeny, who dug
themselves in the sand. Most of these
night visitors did not attempt to cool
off in the ocean. They had no bath
ing suits and the stern rule of Coney
Island prohibits a plunge without
The weekly bulletin of the Board of
Health estimates the deaths from heat
for the week ending August 4 at 955.
NEWS OF THE DAY PORTRAYED IN PEN AND INK
INDEX OF TODAY'S NEWS
Russians drive Germans across Punta River.
. Section 1, page 4.
British gain around In face of assaults.
Section. 1. pass 4. .
Industrial exemptions to be mads more
Section 1, page 2.
Kaiser In personal interview with Gerard
makes threats of "after the war." Sec
tion 1. page 1.
Arthur Henderson. Laborlte, quits English
cabinet. Section 1, . page 5.
German admits .'invasion of Belgium not
necessary. Section 1. page 0.
Arthur Henderson. -'Laborlte, resigns from
.British, war council. Section 1, page 5.
Shipping Board will ask Congress for
another half billion dollars for ships.
Section 1, - page 2.
Senator Simmona concludes discussion of
war tax bllL Section 1. page 8. ...
Two members of New York exemption board
arrested. .Section 1. page 3.
Western states petition Senate to take action
against L W. W. Section 1, page 8.
Japanese mission soon to visit America.
- Section 1. page 3.
New York calloused to sight of dead heat
X'ictlms In street. Section 1, page 1.
Arrangements complete for opening of
nautical training school in Portland and
Astoria. Section 1. page 1.
Presidio graduates master rudiments of war
fare. Section 1, page 14.
Streetcar men strike - in San Francisco.
Section 1, page 1.
Bible records tampered with to avoid reg
istration. Section 1, page 1.
Tax. equalization Idaho issue. Section 1,
- page 8.
Tacoman returns home from Navy after
convoying troops to France. Section 1,
Interstate realtors elect Fred Jones, of Spo
kane, president and will go there for
. 11)18 convention. Section 1. page 6.
Clarke County seeks credit for all enlist-
' ments. Section 2. page 6.
Administration back of appeal for'eight-hour
day in Northwest mills. Section 1,
Second annual tennis tourney of Laurelhurst
club opens. Section 2. page 4.
Bathing girls' parade attracts 15,000. Sec
tion 2. page 4.
Hunters blamed for forest fires. Section 2,
O. J. Hosford wins three-mile marathon
swim. Section 2, page 4.
Harness events for Washington State Fair
close. Section 2, page 4.
Cobb raises batting average during week.
.. Section 2. page 2.
Pacific Coast League results: Portland 4,
Salt Lake 0? Los Angeles 3, Oakland 2:
San Francisco 1, Vernon. 4. Section 2,
Walter A. Hummel " keeps up training at
American Lake. Section 2. page 3.
Otto C. Mauthe named new physical instruc
tor at Multnomah Club. Section 2,
Western tourney at Chicago September 12
' 1 1 big golf feature. Section 2. page 4.
'Bird -refuge act will be enforced. Section 2,
page 1. .
Stat;. golf tourney to begin at Gearhart to-
sjvorrow. Section 2. page 3.
Anevican handicap shoot to be held in Chl-
cagj, Augu.t 20-24. - Section 2, page 2.
Play Wuhd sports .are active. Section 2,
44 (events scheduled at St. Louis A. A. U.
. Championships In. St. Louis, August 31.
I -bectlon 1, page o.
Deer eason opens August IS. Section 2,
Commercial and Marine.
Wage Increase asked In shipyards by Metal
Tradea .Counait," Bectlon 2. page 14. '
Plans made for commencement of nautical
. school. Section 2, page 14.
Northwest wheat trade waiting for Federal
. announcement. Section 2. page '13.
Spot corn prices break sharply in Eastern
markets. Section 2, page 13.
Motor shares and steels are heavy on stock
market. Section 2. page 13.
Oregon asked to Increase Winter wheat
acreage iXi per cent. Section 2, page in.
Portland and Vicinity.
Dr. Robert Holt, of La Grande, surprises
. State Board by announcing- he is new
health officer. Section 1, page 4.
New officers of' Engineering Corps enjoy
farewell banquet. Section 1. page 6.
Master plumbers and jobbers -and employes
hold Joint picnic. Section 1, page .
Columbia Highway' ' trip closes successful
- Buyers' week. Section 1. page 0.
Weather report, ' data and forecast. SectlonJ
2. page 14. , ,, , .
Oaks has new. bill. Section 1, page 17.
Committee appointments of State Council of
Defense approved by Governor. Section
1, pager 17.
Broadway . bridge damaged by fire. Section
1. sage 16.
Civil and military honors await General
W. A. White, of British army. ' Section
1, page 6. (
Brief civil war in China described In letter.
Section 1, page IS. . - r .
Girl climber haa skull fractured near sum
mit of Mount Hood. Section 1; page 14.
Exemption denied young dentist with wife.
Section 1. page 14. ,. i-'
Portland boy writes of experiences in French
army. Section 1. page 13. , .. .
Airplane pictures will be shown tomorrow.
Section 1, page 13.
Maeor plans to standardize bread loaf and
price. Section 1, page, 12. ,
Police shakeup to begin tomorrow. Section
1. page 11 ' '
Talk of Increasing salaries sets cfty em
ployes all agog: ' Section 1. page 10.
Industries crying for labor 5000 working
men are needed. Section 1. page 10.
Von Alvenslehen's career romantic. Section
1, page 10. - -
Aliens, not I. W. W.. worry Western Gov
ernors. Section 1. page 1.
SECRETARY OF WAR
URGES 8-HOUR DAY
Basis for Settling Mill
LABOR CALLS OUT MORE MEN
Tie-Up May Extend to All
. Northwest Mills.
PATRIOTIC APPEAL MADE
AVelght of" Administration Behind
Flan to Fut Sawmills of Pacific
- "Northwest Again Into
SEATTLE,. Aug. 11. Receipt of tele
grams from Secretary of War Baker
urging the acceptance of the eight
hour day as the. basis of settlement of
the mill strike In the Northwest, and
the call for a general strike" in the saw
mills, of Oregon and Washington, were
today's features, of the efforts being
made here to effect a settlement of the
strike which has tied up a number of
the Western Washington mills.
Representatives of the mill owners
and the striking millmen, meeting
under the auspices of the State Council
of Defense, continued their delibera
tions today, but were not able to break
the deadlock which began yesterday.
Telegrams Are Received.
Identical telegrams were received to
night by Henry M. White, United States
Commissioner of Immigration;" Edgar
C. Snyder, his special assistant; Cap
tain John F. Blaln, Northwest repre
sentative of the United States Shipping
Board; Dr. Henry Suzzalo, chairman of
the State Council of Defense, and Dr.
Carlton Parker, his assistant, from
Secretary of War Newton Baker, act
ing for the National Council of De
fense, urging acceptance of the eight
hour day as the basis for an agreement
between the lumbermen and the em
ployes in this state..
' Thu Defense Council is composed of
cabinet members and others, and Sec
retary Baker's message thus throws
the weight of the Administration in
favor of the eight-hour day in the
lumber industry. The telegram fol-'
Freedom Is at Stake.,
"Your telegram received. Democ
racy and freedom are at stake in the
winning of the present war. A for
eign autocrat has wantonly destroyed
the lives of our people while engaged
in their usual and legitimate avoca-.
tions at sea. He has sought to turn
friendly nations against us in order
that our Nation might be dismembered
and our great Western and Southwest
ern country placed under the jurisdic
tion and control of an alien govern
ment. " "He has sought to rule over by order
what we should and should not do to
the minutest detail. The German uov:
eminent must not be permittetd to
carry these. designs into execution. Our
first duty as patriotic American citi
zens, having the future welfare and
freedom, of our people at heart, is so
to- compose our personal and Industrial
difficulties as to enable us to use the
highest efficiency of our man power
for the National defense.
All Lumber I Pfeeded.
"Every foot of lumber that can be
produced is necessary for the prepara
tion for the contest. Every impedi
ment that is placed in the wly of its
production gives aid and 'comfort to
"The Council of National Defense
would, therefore, strongly urge the
(Concluded on Page 2. Column 2.)
BY CARTOONIST REYNOLDS.
RECORDS IN BIBLE
' USED FOR EVASION
OREGOX CITY aiAN ADMITS HE
, KNEW DATE WAS CHANGED.
Jefferson New Automatically Joins
Army and Will Have Hearing in
Portland on Tuesday.
- OREGON CITY. Or.. Aug. 11. (Spe
cial.) -When Jefferson New today ad
mitted that he knew hat the records
of the family Bible had been changed
to show his age-vo be more than 31,
thus permitting hm to escape the Fed
eral draft, he laid himself liable to.
imprisonment for one year,, and auto
matically projected himself Into the
New's home is at Jennings Lodge.
Last night Sheriff "Wilson, accompanied
by Special United States District At
torney Earle C. Latourette and Deputy
District Attorney Thomas Burke went
to his home and seized the family Bible,
brought it to this city and examined
it under a microscope. It was found
that the record of Jefferson New's
birth had been skillfully changed from
March 22, 1887, to March 22, 1S86.
New's mother, Mr. Mollis Abbey,
told ; conflicting stories this morning,
and New was brought to Oregon City,
where he was submitted to. a grilling
cross-questioning. He" became hope
lessly tangled in his stories and finally
confessed that he knew off the change
having been made.
The Federal officials at Portland
were notified and this afternoon a
deputy from the office of United States
Marshal Montague took New to Port
land, where his hearing will be held
Tuesday. i .
EXCURSION BOAT IS HIT
V. S. Submarine Caves Hole in Boat,
BOSTON, Aug. 11. A United States
submarine collided with the Nantasket
Beach excursion steamer Mayflower,
in Boston Harbor, during a thick fog
late today. The Navy Yard' officials
said the material damage to the sub
marine was slight, but that' the May
flower had. a hole stove in her port side
near the paddleBox. One seaman on
the Steamer suffered a broken leg.
Fifteen hundred passengers on board
were transferred without accident to
the steamer Rose Standish and brought
to this city.
- , -. s
RECKLESS PRINCE CURBED
Guardian Appointed for Fricdrlcli
' . 'Leopold, of Prussia.
BERLIN. Aug. 10, via London, Aug.
11. According to an announcement in
the Official Gazette, the youngest son
of Prince Frledrlch Leopold, of Prussia,
who bears the same name as his father,
has been placed under interdiction by
the Count von Eulenburg, minister of
the. royal house.
The Trince. who is 22 years of age,
is charged with extravagance, and has
been placed under, the guardianship
of Captain von Heyden, his military
KAlSEfc UNDER' INDICTMENT
Grand Jury in Mississippi Charges
rive Crimes Against Monarch.
MERIDIAN, Miss.. Aug. 11. Upon
the sworn testimony of Representative
W. W. Venable, of the Fifth Congres
sional District, the Lauderdale County
grand jury today returned an indict
ment against William, Emperor of
Germany, charging robbery, arson, mur
der, plotting, bribery an'd' conspiracy,
"all against the peace and dignity, of
the state of Mississippi."
San Salvador Volcano Active.
SAN SALVADOR, Salvador, Aug. 11.
The volcano which early In June laid
waste the region around the Salvado
rean capital continues to spout burn
ing lava. Thousands of persons, na
tives and foreigners, daily visit the
scene of the eruption, which offers a
ALIENS, NOT I. W.W.,
Foreigners Fail in
INDUSTRIAL PROBLEM ISSUE
Stern Measures Are Advocat
ed for Agitators.
HOOVER PLAN DISAPPROVED
Executives of Six Western States,
Here for Conference, Protest
"yearling Lamb Idea.
The Governors of six Western
states Oregon, Washington, Idaho,
Montana, Utah and Nevada and a per
sonal representative from the Gov
ernor of a seventh, California, attend
ed?" a war council in Portland yester--.
At this council they discussed war- ,
time problems common to all their
states and agreed to certain matters of
policy in which they will co-operate
during the period of the war.
While It was by no means the prin
cipal topic of their discussion, nor the
reason for the calling of the council,
the I. W. W. situation, particularly in
the Northwest, came in for much con
sideration. I. W. W. Trouble Magnified.
The I. W. W. trouble, the Governors
declared, has been considerably exag
gerated. While recognizing that It is
a problem, and one that requires firm
handling and stern repressive meas
ures, they emphasized the belief that
It by no means is a problem of the
magnitude the public has come to re
gard Jt. '
As one means of dealing effectively
with the activities of the-I. W. W., and
one useful in handling other local
emergencies that may arise in . the
course of the war, the Governors
favored, the establishment of-state con
stabulary forces in their respective
No resolution to this effect was
adopted, nor was their stand reduced
to writing, but as a general thing, it
was explained, the Governors at yester
day's council all favored the constabu
lary plan. Its workings in Nevada
where he declared it had proved a
great success, were explained by Gov
ernor Boyle, of that state.
Special Sessions Discussed.
In connection with the constabulary
plan the Governors talked over the
advisability of calling special sessions
of their state Legislatures to enact ,
this and . other war-time measures. But
it was unanimously agreed that no
special sessions should be called unless
it becomes absolutely necessary.
The Governors attending the war
council were Governor Ernest Lister,
of Washington, president of the West
ern Conference of Governors, who
called it; Governor James Withycombe.
of Oregon; Governor Moses Alexander,
of Idaho; Governor Samuel "V. Stewart,
of Montana: Governor Simon Bam
berger, of Utah, and Governor Emmet
D. Boyle, of Nevada.
Governor Stephens, of California,
was represented by S. J. Lubin, presi
dent of the Commission on Immigra
tion and Housing of that state. Gov
ernor Boyle, of Nevada, was accompa
nied by George B. Thatcher, Attorney
General of the state, who was pres
ent at the council.
Aliens Serious Problem.
The Subject that took up more time
than any other at the council was not
that of curbing the I. W. W., nor of
producing more foodstuffs, but of deal
( Concluded on Page 5. Column 3.)