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About The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current | View Entire Issue (June 28, 1914)
THE "STUTDAT' OKEGONIAN, ' PORTLAND.-' JT7VE 28, 1911.
VOCATIONAL WORK PREPARES THE STUDENT FOR LATER LIFE
0. A. C. Plans to Meet Need of Boys and Girls by Offering Special Short Course in Many Important Lines. '
5"- & ' "
7 $ V
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OREGON AGRICULTURAL COL
LEGE, Corvallis. June 27 (Spe
cial.) What is the value of a vo
cational education? .This question is
uppermost In the minds of thousands of
Some two years ayo the Massachu
setts Commission far Industrial and
Technical Education made a study of
about 2000 actual case a. Their investi
gations, reduced to the individual,
showed - interesting; results.
Two boys, age 14, are interested in
mechanics. One goes into the shop, the
other Into a technical school. The boy
In the shop starts at $4 a week and by
the time he is 18 he is getting J7. At
that age the other boy is leaving the
school and starts to work, at $10 a
At 20 years of age the shop-trained
young man is getting 9.50 and the
school-trained young man $15. Two
years later records show that the shop
trained man has increased his weekly
wage to $11.60, while the technical
graduate has jumped to $20 per week.
. By-the time they have both reached
their . twenty-fifth year the weekly
wage of the technicaly graduate is $31,
while the man who has learned his
trade as an apprentice finds but $12.75
In his weekly pay envelope.
. While the average Oregon boy who
joes to work as a shop helper is a
2ltUe more fortunate In the matter of
wages than is the Massachusetts ap
' prentice, yet the principle Is operative
In both cases.
Technical Education Pays.
Accordingly, it is difficult, if not Im
passible, to avoid the conclusion that
from the financial standpoint a tech
nical education pays. It carries other
rewards, such as a right appreciation
of the dignity of labor, a respect for
productive industry rather than for un
productive leisure, a high standard of
living and a professional attitude for
High school students the country over
have come to see the trend of society
In this direction and to recognize that
vocational training Is the safety-valve
which relieves some of the overcrowded
professions. Consequently, every year
in Increasing numbers young men are
choosing the line of work for which
their natural ability and Inclinations
fit them and are demanding that the
schools offer them at least a fundamen
tal training in vocational subjects.
This is not only true In Z.0 case of
the boys who expect to specialize as
electrical engineers, civil engineers,
mechanical engineers and agricultur
ists, but it la just as true that the still
larger number who wish only general
Instruction in a single phase of one of
these subjects In order to prepare them
selves for successful careers as elec
tricians, surveyors, skilled mechanics
or general farmers, are justified In ex
pecting provision to be made for giv
ing them preliminary training in their
Likewise, the young women and girls
ef the state have discovered that school
training In domestic science and art is
of Inestimable value whether they put
the knowledge to immediate use as
business women and bread-winners or
as ' home-makers. Consequently, there
r 2 s 4
is a general demand on their part for
. v. in thAA hmnnhes as
auuii mevtuvuvu .u . .. '
will meet the special requirements or
gins ana women unuuia w ub.ww - - -years
to college work.
young people who are beginning to
reel tne aavantases ji wnuunai
cation are directing their demands to
. ij..i..i rn)U The
college officials are constantly con-
rrontea witn ine quetsnuii m " n&t
JK li uv 1W v o "
and women In the state who have left
the public scnoois lor me iraow f
industries, and have broken their con-
. . 1 1 n,Av that it will
be Impossible for them to return and
get tne worK tutsy oeuu.
There are constant petitions for help
. . i. nAnnlA t! .mallar
towns and the . rural districts of the
state, wno are not wjliuu riatu
schools prepared to give vocational
training. The question Is what shall
be done for these young men and
Practical Training Offered.
The college has attempted to answer
by. establishing several vocational
courses designed to give practical
training and useful information to the
men and women who are unable to
qualify for the regular degree courses
or who cannot afford to devote the
necessary time to complete a fuller
training and earn a degree.
This new service offers a vocational
education to common school graduates
and high 6Chool graduates who for any
reason do not' take the regular college
work and to men and women of ma
turity who are desirous of changing
vocations or wish better preparation
so as to insure advancement.
The student will be permitted to spe
cialize in the vocational work, accord
ing to his individual preference and
qualifications. While It Is not the prt
rtmrv aim to train foremen and super
intendents, it is believed that students
after completing the course and gain
ing a few years of practical experience
will be able to assume positions or re
sponsibility or to go into business for
- Some Coarsen Are for Tear.
The college shops are equipped with
the latest approved machinery and are
well adapted to carry on practical
courses. This work Is open to those
who have completed the eighth grade
In the common schools or equivalent
and are IS years of age or over. All
who complete three years of this work
and take other supplementary work
outlined will be entitled to a diploma.
Toung men of other tastes and aspi
rations but of similar educational
standing may select a one-year voca
tional course In agriculture, a one-year
course in dairying, two-year business
course or the foresters' short course
of five months.
The one-year course in agriculture Is
designed to meet the requirements of
those who wish to take up agricul
tural pursuits in Oregon and who feel
that they can devote but a single year
to study and preparation. Major stud
ies pursued in this course ar agron
omy, animal husbandry or horticul
ture. That the prospective farmer may be
capable of applying business methods
to farm practice he will be required to
take a supplementary .course in farm
accounting: that he may learn to do as
much of his own repairing as possible
and care properly for ' his farm ma
chinery he must also take a course in
shop worki that he may. be acquainted
with some of the important economic
and social problems in which all pro
gressive farmers are Interested he will
have to take courses In rural economics
The other vocational courses for men
such as dairying, commerce and for
estry have the same entrance r
quirements as do the mechanic arts
and agriculture courses and are out
lined in the same practical way.
The vocational classes in all sub
jects except forestry will be organised
when college opens next September.
Bhort-course students of forestry begin
their class work November 1 and con
tinue until April 15.
WOMAN SOLVES PROBLEM
OF GOOD HOUSEKEEPING
Discovery That Everything Was Out of Its Rightful Place and Home In
Disorder Opens Eyes of Woman, Who Devises Plan to Correct it.
The average woman who has not had to
aaeume the whole reponsibllity of house
keeping at any time during her unmarried
career, even though she may know how to
prepare a rood, palatable, tasty meal, on
occasions, or to- make bar ewn ahlrtwaiata,
or rearranse furniture artistically, finds
herself, popularly speaking, "up against It"
when she tackles the entire proposition of
kepins all of the wheels of her own house
hold running smoothly. Here are the ex
periences of on hoasewnTe:
WHEN I married I had been used
to doing housework, but not to
keeping house, having always
worked where each had her- own de
partment, and for years It was the
hardest kind of work to keep things
in order; so It was not long before the
whole house was In a sad mlxup.
Bureau drawers were running over,
the ones to the sewing machine would
not close, cr if they did happen to then
something bunched up Inside and they
would not open.
And, although the pantry was not
over-supplied, it was always so crowded
that there was no room for anything:
neither could one ever find anything.
Indeed, the whole house began to
remind ma of David Copperfield's at
the time dear little Dora preHiili-.i, that,
while they m-ere so crowded for spa. e
that there was no room for anything,
yet there always seemed to be plenty
of room in which to lose IhlnKs."
My little new spice cupboard had In
it everything but spice. I found that
out one day after looking for an hour
after the nutmegs and giving it up and
Ublng allspice Instead said allspl' e
being, after a long search, found on
the dishpan shelf reposing on a dis
uced pancake griddle.
I eventually found the nutmegs alt
ting under the alnk beside the stove
About that time I began to sit up
and take notice.
Where was I to begin?
So I Immediately set about to
It took just one week to go over It
Well, when the week was done. I
could. If I liked, begin all over again.
Well, after again "fitting up and
taking notice" -1 gathered up a bis
basket of mending, got needles, thread
Every chance I had after, before anil
In between doing my other work I
mended Just mended.
I didn't do much cleaning and dliln t
straighten up other disarranged arti
One day .towards the rlose of the
week, I put all those mended clothes
away In their places.
Then for another week I did the
other work about the same as usual,
but no article of clothing that needed
mending was neglected.
I got so I enjoyed that part of the
work, hitherto the most disliked and
neglected of all.
How true it Is that any unpleasant
task well and faithfully performed
soon becomes a pleasure'.
I even openea tne urnwera
times after all was put away and
gased with pride on the clothes neatly
folded with all the patches and darn
ing so I could see them.
It was not long before I failed to put
.. I m.n4tnr fnr 1
in an my i"w
did not pile up any more, as most of
the clothing was now mnnin
Then I began to turn my attention
to the spice cupDoaro. i arpi inn
. . i. I. . r r t f nr.
cieanea up mi w " - "- -getting
In the meantime the mending.
wen. It la JUII m jmi - - -
devised this revised method of doing
I Just began on one mini . ......
and kent it so nicely that everything
else looked sick.
But when I had taken up a secona.
ri.n.rtm.nt t dl.1 not
imru vi ... - . - -
neglect the first, second or third.
Tis a good pisn. my simer.
cannot but depend lrlv .n forels"
firms for wa rshlp rinul rtl ' I Inn "1
the supply uf matarlala. The reault l
an atinuai expenditure 'f a ry lrs
amount it has been estimated st as
averase of 7.oO ooo on r"ntra-t
placed ahri.ad. and those who hsve had
authority to place these r.mlrncH hav
been templed and have fall-n.
The finding of the prnlimlnaiy e-ourt
In the Mitsui rum a thst r-onimta-.
slnns amounting to not less thxn lf0..
000 found their wav Into th bands f(
Vice-Admiral lliliumul", th-n fllrei tol
of naval ronst ru.'tlon. Th olhfr tet
are all of a piece with this.
The Trusslan stt railways aro
using !00 stores battery cars at lea
cost than steam locomotives or gaso-llne-elertrit-
PIMPLES ON CHEEKS
BACK AND ABBS
Also Chest. Grew Larger, Festered
and Came to Head. Itched Badly.
Ashamed to Go Anywhere. Cut
cura Soap and Ointment Cured.
71 IS Madison Ave.. Chiosjr. TIL "The
trouble bogaa by having It! U pimples on ,
Biy bead and loan on ooe cheek. It spread
oa the ot her eheefc. any chin.
JAPAN'S CONTRACT LARGE
Foreign Xavy Builders G-t PI(t Jobs
for Ship Con st r net ion.
TOKIU. June IT. .tspsil anplr's o
maintain a first-class mivy. By renson
of her own inadequate lesources. she
bark, arms and rhset.
looked Ilk llitie
red spot SI first snd In)
they grew larger and re
lrd sod rsxae tn a bs4.
They Ifc-bed so ravLy Ua4
1 would srrslrh sod Sara
than and mas theca shout
tn times worse. My cloth-
mi Irritated the breaking out oo ray body.
I was ashamed to go snywhere.
"I procured a "SP. a!ve, set
era! creams. snd but none of
shea bsJpad me. I was lust shout dlsnour
ssed ss to what So do wbeo I tried Outtrurs
ftoap sad Ointment and I was wvwrjoyed at
the result. I gently smeared the Cutlcura
Ointment oa the eflwted par, let It ipsjiata
for s whit snd washed It off with hot water
snd Cutlcurs op. I used tare raass of
mtlcurs Roap sod two bote of Cuttrwa
Ointment and tbey cured en ooMrsJy la
little less than smooth snd s half." 'lndi
Mlas Doris Wltteman. tt. M. I0'-
A slcgl sot bath wit ruitrure " sad
ntl anointing with Cutlrnr Olntmaet
sr often sufficient to afford lmoe.1l ralW
In th most distreaslos rs nf sal a!
sralp diseases when all 1 '
throughout th world. IJharal
each mailed fr. with .W p Shin . A4
dr pnt-ord Tuttrurs lT" T "-"
rr-Mea who shave and shampoo wit Os
Hcurs soap will find It bi ' WW's.