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About The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current | View Entire Issue (June 28, 1914)
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"OKTLAXD, SO'D.iV, JVXJS 8, 1814.
ABOLISH THE FORK BARREL.
A demand for investigation and sys
.emization of river and harbor ap
propriations is made with such force
y leading- newspapers and by force
ful men in Congress that it cannot be
much longer ignored. It has been
voiced by such newspapers as the
Jhicago Tribune, the Washington
rimes and the Saturday Evening
?ost. A denial that the river and
larbor bill is a pork barrel has been
nade in the Post by Representative
iumphreys of Mississippi. This has
:alled forth a more severe denuncia
ion of the bill by Representative
.rear, of Wisconsin.
Mr. Frear stated that the total ex
Denditure for rivers and harbors in
curred at the present session of Con-,-ress,
in cash and new projects au
horized, will exceed .$100,000,000;
hat the total for the five years end
.ng 1914 will be J236.232.926. He
stated that the total of past appro
priations has been $884,465,489, to
which must be added $273,000,000
for projects heretofore adopted and
begun and $92,500,000 for projects
adopted but for which no ap
propriations have yet been made.
He said that this year's appropria
tions include "scores of private and
vicious projects," such as the Kisslm
mee, "which is dry eight months In
the year and gets $47,000 for a real
estate project, or the Oklawaha,
which gets $750,000 to help out some
orange-growers and real estate inter
ests," or the Ohio River canal at
Louisville, which he denounced as
uselesss, only 10 per cent of the river
traffic in 1906 having gone through
the canal, while 99 per cent could
have gone along the open river.
Attention was called by Mr. Frear
to the fact that increased expenditure
on improvement of the Ohio, Missis
sippi and Missouri Rivers .- coincides
with a great decrease in traffic on
iiiu rivers which he styled "desert
ed, muddy, valueless ditches a last
ing monument to the grim, relentless
progress of railway traffic." The
Oregonian cannot agree with him that
money spent on river improvement is
wasted. .We hold that much of it has
been wasted because injudiciously ex
pended. . To admit that all has been
wasted would be to admit that we
are incapable of doing what Germany
has done with eminent success make
our rivers into economical arteries of
traffic co-ordinated with f the rail
roads. We should not cease to im
prove our rivers, but we should make
a radical change in our methods.
The decline of transportation on
our navigable rivers and on rivers
which can be made navigable at rea
sonable cost is due to our neglect of
water traffic during the era of rail
road construction. Free from Gov
ernmental control, the railroads con
ducted a competitive war not only
against each other, but also against
water lines. They bought steamboat
, lines in order to kill them and they
bought water terminals in order to
prevent their use as such. Facing
uch conditions, owners of steam
boats, instead of keeping pace with
the 'march of Improvement, as have
German water lines and as have
American railroads, are still doing
business with the facilities of forty
years ago or have retired from the
field. Having to meet the relentless,
exterminating competition of the rail
roads and being deprived of the best
sites for, water terminals, they can
not procure the capital to bring their
vessels and port facilities up to date.
They are in the same position as a
railroad which should attempt to haul
'traffic today with the "Puffing Billy"
of primitive railroading days. At the
same time the clearing of forests has
brought alternate periods of flood and
extreme low water, with the choking
of channels by the alluvial soil
washed down from the hills.
The Government so far has done
.nothing to remedy these conditions
except to improve those channels on
behalf of which political pull was
exerted. Those Congressmen who
sought funds to improve actually
navigable rivers could not succeed
unless they agreed to vote funds for
rivers which never could be made
navigable or never could develop
traffic enough to Justify their im
provement. The Kissimmee and the
Oklawaha, to which Mr. Frear allud
ed, are examples. When the rivers
have been improved their port facili
ties are either non-existent or anti
quated; in fact, they resemble a rail
road without terminals. Competition
In rate-making between railroads has
ceased with the tacit consent of the
Government, but not between rail
roads and water lines. The litter are
therefore shunned by investors, and,
having out-of-date facilities, cannot
compete. Governmental lack of pol
icy, having reduced them to this
plight, holds them responsible for Its
causes, and such' men as Mr. Frear
mould seem to favor abandonment of
the whole policy of river improve
ment as the penalty to be visited on
There is an opportunity for the
great rivers of the United States to
become as crowded with traffic as
are the great rivers of Germany if we
go about their development in the
same businesslike way. Senator
Newlands has proposed a plan for
utilization of the Nation's water re
sources for all their varied purposes,
which will gain this end if wisely and
persistently followed. He proposes
to Intrust all branches of the wort
to one commission and to appropriate
a fixed sum of $60,000,000 a year for
the purpose. He asks an initial ap
propriation of $500,000 in the pend
ing bill to begin the work. Under his
plan the commission would care for
water resources In all ways for nav
igation, power, forest and soil con
servation, irrigation, drainage and
urban consumption; would guard
against pollution and would co-ordinate
river with rail transportation.
His scheme is broad and statesman
like. If it should be sanctioned, that
fact will "take the curse off the
KOOSEVEXT AT FIFTY-SIX.
Theodore Roosevelt will be fifty-six
years old on October 27, 1914. He Is
In the maturity of his intellectual
power; but he has passed the summit
of physical vigor. Yet it is a remark
able fact that in the past five years-
after he had passed the half century
mark he has successfully under
taken feats that might well have de
terred a younger man. Within a few
months after he retired from -the
Presidency in 1909 he went on a
long hunting trip in Africa, traveling
thousands of miles and enduring
many hardships under the blazing
equatorial sun. Within the last year
he has completed an eight monms
exploring tour through the wilds of
From the time when he "was four
teen, and with his father made a trip
up the Nile, to his most recent hur
ried Journey to Spain, Colonel Roose
velt has been a great traveler. He
has been more. He has been the most
conspicuous apostle of the strenuous
outdoor life in all the world. He is
horseman, boxer, - wrestler, hunter,
pedestrian, traveler, explorer, natur
alist, soldier. He is many other
things too. What a man! What a
Now at fifty-six, with traces of
Jungle fever in his system and the
deBnite symptoms of laryngitis to
warn him. against the free use of his
voice. Colonel Roosevelt is told that
he must rest. Probably he will not,
but it may be imagined that he will
slow up somewhat. He has reached
the period when he must conserve
his vitality by inactivity, after a long
and consistent campaign to build it
up by constant activity. Other men at
forty-six are less vigorous than
Roosevelt at fifty-six; but even he has
learned that the human machine can
not go at high speed forever. '
We are told by a great philosopher
that "all men deem all men mortal
but themselves." So it has been with
Colonel Roosevelt. He is immensely
surprised, no doubt, to discover that
he is subject to the universal law of
decline and decay. So it is. Tet he
is not an old man. But be must
cease to regard himself as a young
HOW TO SATE MONET.
A onsDlcuouslv learned Democratic
contemporary offers the argument
that because Democratic Governors
a record of vetoing
a greater total of appropriations than
Republican Governors, it is a measure
of economy to elect a Democratic
Tes indeed. John D. Rockefeller
saved more out of his income last
ooi- than rUrl Ttieodore Roosevelt.
Mr. Rockefeller is a Baptist; Colonel
Roosevelt is not. Therefore, if you
would save money become a Baptist.
If the illustration be not ciear, just
recall that the last two Democratic
Governors have been In office during
the period of the state's greatest de
velopment and largest appropria
tions. In the eight years of Chamber
lain and West the appropriation bills
passed by the Legislature, Including
those vetoed, exceeded the appropria
tions for the preceding eight years by
about $12,000,000, and were two and
one-half times as great.
The last Legislature appropriated
more than $6,000,000, including con
tinuing appropriations and hew mill
age tax levies. Approximately one
third of this total was recommended
specifically by Governor West. The
$2,000,000 in appropriations he recom
mended exceeds the total appropria
tions of either the 1899 or 1901 ses
sions. In 1905 the Democratic candidate
for Governor was a member of the
State Senate. In that session Dr.
Smith voted for every law that
specifically carried an appropriation,
or slanted or squinted at one. His
record in other sessions is the same,
substantially. Great is Democratic
economy! But It seems to be of two
kinds. Is It now offered as the Smith
type which winks at everything or as
the West type which vetoes for spite
only and counteracts with gross exec
OUR ' GIFT TO CANADA.
. The attention of those "who Imagine
labor derives no benefit from the
Republican tariff policy and suffers
no injury from the Underwood Dem
ocratic tariff Is Invited to the condi
tion of affairs In the shingle industry
of Washington and British Columbia,
..n..iiv.iv Th situation Is forcibly
stated in a report of a committee to
a meeting of Washington smngie man
ufacturers. In 1909, when the duty on shingles
was 30 cents per thousand, about 580
carloads of shingles were shipped from
British Columbia into the United
States. In 1910. 1911 and 1912, when
the duty was 60 cents per thousand,
innrt. wore nnlv about 200 carloads
a year. In the first four months of
1914, when shingles entered auty-iroe,
nnn.- 14 89 carloads, and In
April alone were more than in the
flrst four months of 1913. tseiore ino
duty was removed many British Co
lumbia shingle mills were either closed
or running half Urns. Now practically
all are running full time and many
are running night and day, and from
125 to 140 new machines have been
British Columbia shingle manufac
turers pay 12 cents per thousand
for Oriental and 15 cents for white
sawvers and 90 per cent of the saw
yers are Orientals. In "Washington
sawyers are paid 17 to 19 cents per
thousand. British Columbia pays
packers 6 cents per thousand and they
nail their own bands. Washington
pays 9 cents for packing and 2 cents
additional for nailing. British Colum
bia pays laborers $1.60 to $1.75 per
day and employs Orientals; Washing
ton $2:33 to $2.50 per day. Washing
ton pays $80,000 for a section of tim
ber on which Interest at 6 per cent
is $4800 a year and pays taxes aver
aging $1500 a year on each section.
British Columbia issues timber licenses
requiring a yearly payment of only
$150 per section and a charge of 60
cents per thousand feet when timber
Is removed, this to be Increased to
80 cents on January 1.
Washington manufacturers say that
a reduction of wages is necessary to
enable them to compete with British
Columbia and will make it effective
July 1. The union will resist and
threatens a general strike in the entire
The net result of the Underwood
tariff is to force American shingle
manufacturers in self-defense to re
duce wages to the Oriental standard
maintained In British Columbia. We
THE SUNDAY OREGONIAN, PORTLAND, JUNE
are fairly successful in excluding
Oriental labor, but if we admit Its
products free, our labor must accept
the choice between Oriental wages
and no job. An attempt was made
by the tariff reformers to console it
with the prospect of lower cost of
living, but any reduction in that par
ticular has been so small as to be im
perceptible. Had the United States gained any
advantage at any other point by ad
mitting Canadian lumber and shingles
duty-free, there might be something
to say for that policy, but we have
gained nothing. We have literally
handed over the shingle industry to
Canada without receiving anything In
exchange. Reciprocity would have been
an exchange of openings In each
other's markets, but the Canadians re
jected It. They apparently foresaw the
advent of a Democratic Administra
tion and reasoned: "Why should we
pay for what Uncle Sam offers, when,
by iwaiting a few years, we can get it
for nothing?" If so, their reasoning
proves to have been eminently sound.
DEFECTS OF PRONUNCIATION.
A suggestion Is at hand that Ore
gon's now famous spelling bees should
Ha flnnnUmAntAH rtv omnrjAtitlonS in
pronunciation. It is pointed out quite
rightly that such contests wouia ao
much to prevent useless cruelty to the
English language. Who is 'there but
can spell many words he does not
dare attempt to use in conversation?
Who is there but has an Infinitely
hlo-cpr vnrAhulArv when seated at a
writing desk than when conversing
with friends? -
The trouble is that the average per-
enn 4a n it BlwflVS nhlA to rACOCnlze his
limitations in this regard. This is
particularly true or a certain type oi
public speaker who takes hideous lib
erties with a word that he feels he
has mastered through continued use
in reading or writing. With a dozen
or two of these errors in his speech
ho mav aneerillv train a refutation for
being illiterate and uncouth. How
can he blame such errors upon his
TPrnniinHiirtnn !. a. real test- of a
person's polish. The correct use of
words the giving to each letter its
proper value and to each syllable its
mnnr RtrAM 1s as rare as it is
magnificent. The person who speaks
n mm?-? until hA has mastered the
sounds that go into its proper con
struction will speedily gain a reputa
tion for erudition. How many of us
pronounce in a proper way sucn
simple words as rinse, alias, recog
ntflnA attache, echelon. asDaragus.
collision, fete, fiancee, boudoir, exit,
not to mention a thousand and one
even simpler words of common use?
Even those who feel that they com
mit no offense with .the simpler
words might experience an occasional
shock by checking up. It Is on such
shoals that persons of superficial
polish often wreck the bark of their
The other day an Important citizen
mAntinnnH in trm riresence of many
hearers the President's "pischologlcal
EVOLUTION OF THE BATTLESHIP.
rAntAnfirlp ire always interesting
and useful in that they serve to take
us back through the vista or years anu
emphasize the progress being made
by the human animal In working out
his destiny. This Is peculiarly true
in the matter of inventions, If not in
some of the fine arts. No more ef
fective exhibition of man's wonderful
tnmnttitv run tia found than in the
evolution of the modern steam-pro-Kottiachin
Th cAntenarv of
this gigantic creation Is at. hand to
morrow and a glimpse or tne super
dreadnought of today and of the first
American steam battleship of one
offers a striking
contrast. It may not reflect especial
credit on man as a moral creature
that he is still building these engines
for destroying human life and prop
erty. But the contrast does show that
vviat -hA iam tArinv is done on a big
ger scale than could have been
dreamed of a century ago.
The building of the first fighting
Dtflm omff wiu lnsoired in much the
same manner as is that of modern
armored leviathans. The noDsons oi
1814 knew nothing of the Yellow
crii ThAn TCne-ia.nd iwas the coun
try's bugbear and with some little
reason. English men-or-war, pro
pelled by sails, were wont to send
New Torkers into the shivers on
frequent occasions, and when Robert
iTnirnn NireAstRd a steam fighting
craft that could wipe out a whole sail
ing navy he was hailed with cries of
joy and embraced as a deliverer.
It was a wonderful boat that was
then laid down on the banks of East
River, New York. The people of that
day looked on in awe as the big craft
grew into being. She had two hulls,
v.) tn nrnivt tri wheels with which
she paddled her way into action.
Thus two keels were required imu
r,riro Hpr boiler, or "caul
dron for preparing her steam" as it
was then olliciauy aescnoeu, rai
in one hull. Her engines were in the
avia KhA vu nrovided with an ar
mor four feet ten Inches thick this
of stout wood. In those primitive
days such a coat was sufficient to
Dtt tit a ntff-flAat pjurnon ball. Such
destructive subtleties as high explo
sives and armor-piercing shells had
not been conceived, .tier cost wm
$320,000, her length 167 feet, her
horsepower 120 and her speed 6.4
knots per hour.
An AvnArtAncArl naval officer who
was detailed to command this formid
able monster of the sea insisted on
supplementing her horsepower with
sails. He does not seem to have been
the most progressive man in the
world. At least no nan uouuus oui
that new-fangled steaftn apparatus
and was' not Inclined to take any
chances. But when the craft was
launched she made her trial trip un
.tAom sm afterward succeeded
irf getting along admirably without
sails. This, of course, gave the sail
ing game a blow from wnicn n nas
rnlttr nunnKd. Bv Way of
armament the new terror was pro
vided with some thirty tmrcy-iwo-
pounders and a couple or pivotal suo
marine guns which Fulton had per
That she never had occasion to use
thAcA iin A-rr-ont for firing salutes:
may prove a disappointment to naval
historians and observers. A combat
with this craft, which bore the un
gainly name of Demologos, but was
popularly known as the Fulton, would
have enriched the History or nava.
warfare vastly. But peace settled
over the country at this period and
the 1814-model dreadnought passed
Into decay a few years later, and was
at last blown up by an explosion of
However, she served to set a new
.(-.ia rf fiehtine- craft which has
steadily advanced with feverish activ
ity in preparedness for naval warfare, j
Today one battleship could sink a
whole fleet of Fultons without losing
a man or incurring the slightest risk.
The new type American dreadnought
is at least three times as long as the
first one, more than three times as
fast, has thirty times as much horse-
power and costs twenty to thirty
times as much.
But the trend of events seems to
show that the battleship will never see
more than this one centenary. There
are Indications that It will not endure
another hundred years of growth. If
It should the dreadnought of today
doubtless would be a mere plaything
for the monster of a hundred years
hence. Aerial navigation bids fair to
do away with the super-dreadnought
before the lapse of another century.
Or perhaps man will have outgrown
such murderous and senseless devices
by that time. Who knows?
THE KM 11 RE BUILDERS.
There is only one possible com
plaint that a reasonable auto-traveler
can make against Klamath Falls. The
asperities of the road between that
city and Ashland are readily forgiven
for the sake of the view of Mount
Pitt which refreshes one at every
urn Tha Whltn TAllMLn Hotel is AS
wonderful in Its way as the lakes, the
mountains and the lava Decs. Ana as
for growth and general progress
Klamath Falls holds its own with any
tnm aA Waatam fireo-nn Tint tTlA
inquisitive visitor naturally looks
around first for those mementoes of
the Garden of Eden which nave maoe
the city famous and he does not find
them at least not in plain sight. No
doubt they are sacredly treasured in
Am a Iririnlnhla Arvnt til A orlfrlnal
fig leaves that Adam and Eve wore
at a critical moment and a scale from
the Arch Enemy's back, but it wouia
be pleasing to travelers If they were
Over the 100 miles which separate
tTlmtti TTnlln frnni T.fl.ltevlaw a car
runs smoothly. The last twenty miles
of the road are especially good and
visitors therefore enter Lakevlew in a
pleasant frame of mind prepared to
make the best of conditions in a town
where railroad connections are poor
as yet and freights excessively high.
jfni- a rinvAn mtlpx before entering
Lakevlew the Journey Is cheered with
the company or an irrigating oucn
which winds around the mountains to
imTm.i. wtftAv tn th a Gooi Lake
country. The dam and reservoir for
this project are twenty miles boutn
of Lakevlew. The dam spans a chasm
in thA Hvinir rock and forms an arti
ficial lake some thirty miles In cir
cuit, which has naturally riooded a
good deal of arable land.
One of the homesteaders whose
farms have thus suffered went Into
that region about five years ago and
nnHartnnlr to raise, crona without irri
gation. He built his cabin and barn
with culled lumber obtained cneapiy
vATn tnA rittfh rnmnuiv. which has a
sawmill near the dam. A well twelve
feet deep gives him plenty of ice-cold
water. To clear orr tne sageorusn ana
plow his land cost him about $10 an
acre. Since frost is to be expected
avat-v month in the year in that ele
vated region, he sowed no grain but
rye, which thrives rainy well upon
the natural moisture. Two years after
this man took up his claim a lad from
the Willamette Valley settled on the
nTi nnarter section and built a cabin
near the common boundary of their
land. They are near neignoors, eacn
without a family, and there are no
other dwellings ror mnes arouno
thAm Nnlther of them had any cap-"
Ital to start with but sturdy muscles
onrf o H.torminpil will. Thev have
earned something every season by
working in the Ditch company's saw
mill and upon the dam. This Bum
mA tViAv -TaaI rich because thev have
a contract to make five miles of new
road through the sagebrush, which
will bring them in $500 in a lump,
with thin nm at their command they
can buy a team, the implements they
need and perhaps a cow. x neir ianu
now produces enough to keep a few
head of stock through the long, cold
Winter. They begin to feel, there
fore, as If they saw victory ahead.
Tha imn urairi nf thA surroundine
mountains look friendly to these
young empire-builders and tney reao
In the desolate expanse of sagebrush
the promise of home and comfort.
What courage Is theirs, what will
power, what Invincible hope! No
hardship daunts them. Solitude, toil,
unkindly nature cannot discourage
them. It was such as they that
founded the commonwealth of Ore
con fn nfnneer times and thousands
like them are laboring inconspicuous
ly In the eastern counties of the state
to make farms and cities where Na
ture made nothing but a barren des
ert. The tract around Summer Lake
has been particularly attractive to
ambitious young men. Artesian wa
ter is readily obtained in this extra
ordinary region, so that farms can be
irrigated inexpensively. The supply
of subterranean water is so aounaani
that in nnA nlfloe it burst UD in the
midst of the arid sand, forming a con
siderable stream, the Anna River.
cifviTiA nf tiA flow from this remark
able spring has been conducted upon
the neighboring land, cut most or it
goes to waste.
Snmmnr Lak is fed by innumer
able small streams which Irrigate the
farms upon its DanKS. it la tnore
fore surrounded by a border of vivid
o-r-AAn Tha farmhouses are well built.
Orchards are seen in sheltered coves.
Schoolhouses are well cared lor. J.ne
QiivnmAi. TiaIca communitv has the
comfortable air' of an old and pros
perous settlement. Tne traveler mi
ting along the road is obliged to turn
mt fF mnv Nil automobile and a
group of machines at a baseball game
between two local ciuds on oununj
afternoon Beemed to suggest that here
man hart fmind the old. historic
struggle with nature neither severe
Summer Lake Is a beautiful sheet
of water shut in by lofty mountains.
The white Incrustations which follow
the shore In a line almost unbroken
aua it' a sininiiar asDect. Thev must
contain thousands of tons of alkaline
material which, if it la useful for fer
tilizer, will some day be a source of
rrn wAnltri. The wonderfully good
highway between Paisley and Silver
Lake skirts Summer Lake ior many
miles. It then crosses the divide to
Silver Lake, whose shore it follows
through wild mountain ecenery al
most to the village of that name. All
through this part of Oregon the peo
ple are building roads. Great sums
of money have already been spent
upon them and they are spending lav
ishly this Summer. The road ap
proaching Silver Lake is a fine exam
niA nt irnnH Ancrlneerine. The bed Is
smooth, the grade Is easy, the track
gives ample space for teams to pass.
Here and there the highway is shored
up with lofty retaining walls, which
remind one of the" scientific road
building In the Swiss mountains.
When the traveler compares the
small area of tilled land in this re
gion with the vast expanse of sage
brush and mountain forest, he won
ders where the money comes from to
do all this fine work. No doubt the
people have mortgaged their future
for it, and they have done wisely.
The worst roads of Eastern and
Central Oregon run through the for
est land, much of which lies in the
National reserves, where It Is no
body's business to see to the high
ways. The heavy freight wagons
drawn by four, six or eight horses,
which still traverse this interior sec
tion, wear the roadbed into deep ruts.
The numerous automobiles Tying
along make matters worse. The
strong Summer winds carry on the
work of destruction by scooping out
the dusty soil tons at a time. Every
body who rides from Lakevlew to the
northeast must Join in wishing that
the Forest Service would catch the
good roads fever t
HEALTH, CLIMATE AND 1JOHTNING.
Dr. Rossiter discusses today (Fifth
Section, Sunday Oregonian) the im
portant and Interesting subject of
climate and -health; and he tells in
his usual clear wfay why Portland Jias
a nearly Ideal climate. It Is because
nearly all the factors for an equable
and healthful climate are present.
There are no extreme temperatures;
great humidity is practically un
known; rains are gentle and rarely
severe; there Is much sunshine; cloudy
days are not oppressive; there are
few wind storms; and so on. The
condition Is quite perfect.
It is to be noted that Dr. Rossiter
says nothing about the tender sub
ject of lightning. Well, we have no
lightning In Oregon never; or, rather,
hardly ever. All the authorities tell
us so; and all the pioneers are united
in their testimony.
But, of course, there are exceptions.
It is difficult to understand why, in
the divine economy of things, it should
have been ordained that there should
be a thunder and lightning storm at
the time .of the recent balloon ascen
sions at the Rose Festival. The usual
chorus of complaint that comes to The
Oregonian, and to the Associated
Press, after a great local news event,
that you rarely see a Portland head
line in the Eastern papers, was silent
on that occasion. The Eastern press
gave adequate attention to the lost
balloons and the thunder and light
ning. But we digress. Oregon is one of
the healthiest places, with the most
nearly perfect climate In all the
world. There are more centenarians
and near-centenarians In Oregon than
an other state of like population.
There are also more healthy young
men and rosy-cheeked maidens. We
are fortunate, indeed.
WHICH POLICT SHALL WE CHOOSEf
When President Wilson announced
that his purpose was to uplift the op
niwH ft s nor i-mt of Mexico, he by
implication confessed that the Tam-
pico Incident was a mere pretext iur
interference in the Internal affairs of
Mxieo. He has since been exposed
to fire from two directions from
those who demand that intervention
be made effective by armed force and
frnm thnsa who hold that he has no
constitutional power to Intervene on
behair of the peons.
Among the latter class Is the New
TnrV Sun which Quotes section 8 of
article 1 of the Constitution, giving
Congress power to -provide ior tne
common defense and general welfare
of the United States," italicizing the
words "of the United States." It
quotes article 10, which reserves to
the states respectively or to the peo
ple all powers not delegated to the
United States nor prohibited to the
states. It also quotes the preamble,
which specifies as among the purposes
of the adoption of the Constitution
"to secure the blessings of liberty to
ourselves and our posterity," italiciz
ing the last four words.
The Sun suggests that an amend
ment Is necessary to protect us
against such complications as have
arisen with regard to Mexico. It out
lines an amendment which would
bind every candidate for elective of
fice, as a condition of - having any
votes counted for him, to file an oath
declaring that he has studied the Con
stitution and is In mind to pursue its
purposes. This amendment would
disqualify as a candidate any person
who had advocated warfare for any
purpose other than those Indicated In
the Constitution, or who had advo
cated application of taxes tp any pur
pose other than the common defense
or public welfare. The Sun says such
an amendment "would .automatically
vnpir a a atnnner UDOn all such de
signs as that of 'extending the bless
ings of liberty to tne citizens or any
other country than the United States,
nr that of imuroving the system of
government In any other country than
our own, or that or more inorougniy
carrying out a system already there
prevailing." It continues:
It would also automatically put a stop
per upon every scheme for constituting the
United States . "suzerain of the Western
Hemisphere," or of attracting to us the
honors of a suzerain, or of subjecting us to
ni.ifi.i. mawI anv fnrAlm nower bv
reason of wrongful sets having been com
mitted against tne suojacie oi iuuu turcica
power outside the dominions of th United
States but within this hemisphere and mot
punished by us.
Tn contrast with the Sun's "mind
our own business" policy is that pro
posed by Charles F. R. Flint, whose
irnnwiAriirA nf Latin-America is de
rived from diplomatic service and ex
tended business relations. He advo
cates Joint - intervention by the
TTnttAri KtatAc Brazil. Argentina and
Chile. He argues that this course
would quiet any suspicion among
Mexicans that as-B-randlzement was
the aim, and would avert resistance,
while Intervention by the United
States alone would provoke resistance.
Ha AVAn hAllAVAA ths constitutionalists
might welcome Joint Intervention, for
he regards their final victory as cer
tain and he says that, when they have
taken Mexico City, their aimcuities
nil tinvA inRt hpnin. Thev will not
retain any of the Huertlstas In their
government and thus exclude all of
thA xiAntirlcos who alone have experi
ence in governing the country. Few
of Carranzas ioiiowers nave hj
knowledge of business and govern
mAnt and thpv will need somebody's
aid. The A-B-C nations understand
th. MATlcnn mind as we do not ana
would render us a real service by act-in-
in concert with us. Having
achieved power, Madero failed to or
ganize a government in race or eoum
ern Mexico's opposition to a North
u..ian ruler Reform of the land
system must begin promptly after the
capital Is captured, ano outsiae nia
will be needed. Mr. Flint has aided
.mAAArA rf c.&xTkTii. In studying
municipal government. Jurisprudence
and land tenure in mis country, xne
constitutionalist chief proposes to
change-the whole fabric of govern-
Imtnt. and friendly Intervention would
Here we are offered two extremes or
policy. One, based on strict construc
tion, holds that we must leave Mex
ico to stew In her own Juice. The
other, based on broad .construction,
would have us form a concert of
America to aid Mexico first, and then
other American nations which need
help. In establishing Just, stable gov
ernment. The severest criticism to be
made on Mr. Wilson U that he has
consistently followed neither policy,
nor that of Intervention by this
country alone. He has Intervened by
moral suasion when force alone
would be effective. He has drawn
back from using force after he had
begun. The imbroglio Into which he
has been drawn bids fair to force the
Nation to a choice among three poli
cies mind our own business. Inter
vene for other nations' welfare, or
form an American concert to main
tain the peace of Amerlca.
Wtth a state of high tension exist
ing between Greece and Turkey, the
Greek reserves are ordered to the
colors. At last accounts it did not
appear likely that a conflict would
ensue at this time. But the pains and
expense of such a mobilization r
Justified by the requirements of pre
paredness. Reserves are yver any
too effective and practice in mobilisa
tion is valuable where a country has
to fall back on Its citizen soldiers in
time of war. The United States
would profit greatly by seizing op
portunities to mobilize the reserves, or
National Guard. But then we do not
seem to care especially about pre
paredness, prefering to await actual
hostilities when our unwieldy fight
ing machine Is lumbered out unolled
Thls most pungent analysis of the
Administration's-Mexican policy has
already been printed in The Oregon
ian, but it ought to be repeated and
emphasized. It is the exact truth:
The present Administration haa. with re
gard to slexico, pursued a course waver
lng between peace and war. exquisitely de
signed to comblno the disadvantages ot both
and feebly tending flrst towards one and
then towards the other. l:-unlly it hns per
mitted the free Ingress of arms Into 14
both from this country and from others.
Occasionally, however, It has undergone
spasms of understanding that these arms
might ultimately be us'd against our own
troops, it has then prohibited the landing
of arms, sometimes wobbling bsok again to
its original position, as when it took Vera
Cms to prevent the landing of weapons and
munitions of war and shortly afterward per
niltted the very same arms and munitions
to be landed.
That is Colonel Roosevelt's opinion.
It Is the opinion of a great majority
of the American people.
General Huerta says he has not the
slightest Intention of attacking Funs
ton at Vera Cruz. That bears out our
theory of why the Mexican federals
were getting chesty around the Amer
' Inasmuch as we Intend doing noth
ing about Mexico, why not quit our
diplomatic meddling and give that
country a chance to siraignien out
the mess we've helped make?
Of course when the Japanese see
our marshalling of military force t
ftnarhart next month they will never
so much as give another thougrlt to
the Idea of retaliation.
Don't let the attitude of Japan
make you the leust bit uneasy. The
Administration still has Hawaii, the
Philippines, Alaska and the Pacific
Coast to dispose of.
An Albany editor at a wedding
proudly proclaimed that he had worn
his necktie to a hundred other wed
dings. He was discreetly silent re
garding the shirt.
It is now found that the Colonel has
enlargement of the spleen. When he
recovers from this dire ailment he
may be able to see things In a dif
French noblemen flocked to the big
Aht An maasA Amnnn thOSA DTeSent
were the Dukes of Moran and John
son, but the Count or Ten couia not
SUU those who want the battleship
Oregon to head the procession
through the canal will admit that the
good ship Piffle haa some rights In the
The latest weather rampage In the
Middle West suggests that the Inhabi
tants should add life belt to the
equipment of their cyclone cellars.
Army officers are resigning In con
siderable numbers. Spineless diplo
macy will eventually kill what patriot
ism there is left In the country.
However, a strong police detail
should be provided when the Huerta
and Constitutionalist delegates get to
gether at Niagara Falls.
Never mind the flag. After spend
ing eighteen American lives to en
force a salute to Its folds we've
changed our mind.
One of our nisiono irigates us now
to be sold, despite protests. Need the
nAnA., fn, thA nnrlr hsrrsl. vou know.
If these militants keep outwitting
the royal guards King George will
have to do his moving about incog.
A French balancing device Is said
to make aeroplanes absolutely safe.
Must keep them on the ground.
Bryan's Commoner protests that un
limited Congressional debate delays
legislation. Yes what?
With Japan spouting, Hi Johnson
ought to be able to work hts way back
Into the limelight.
Sixteen saloons have been dropped
In Portland. We'll manage to strug
The doctor says Teddy must have
a rest of four months. Is this a con
spiracy? The vacationist vanguard Is al
ready getting back for a much needed
Columbia oarsmen won after twenty
years. Persistent as the Democracy.
Anyway the Washington crew was
saved from last place by Wisconsin.
Except for exploding auto tires It
will be a tranquil Fourth.
The June bride season Is rapidly
growing to a close.
Wonder If Japan will resort to
Gleams Through th Mist
By Dean Cejlllaa.
A stork, a rooster en. pup
War oa tha lake a-salllag
Within a tue: "twss filling
Aad there was aead ef balling
The pup. with paws fleag te and tra.
To ball It did aeeay;
The stork aad roaster said: "he, set
We kaosr better way.
(This tale, of rears, snar be tr
1 aasraly frame It P for yea.)
"see." aa!4 Ibe stork. " bole I grill.
And then, beyond a doubt.
The tub will promptly ceaea t fill
The water will ran eut."
1 fear yeur plea.- the pap did rata,
"With terror asset pprrslTe."
HtllL- said lbs stork. "It avsM U
Tb achsm seems a pregreaelea."
The rooster aald as wead ta earb.
Tor b waa working ea a speech.
Then rows ef boles lb stork did dslll
T let the water eut.
But la a greater torrent still
The liquid la did epoal.
"Osr said th pup, wub tearful blteh.
"Cms drilling helea I pray.
Or by and by th tub will aim "
Tb tall stork answered: "WarF
"Oh what eare t tha retr crew,
"Chautauqua season's aim est let"
Th water gathered In apae
Ana on ini ' ,. . .
And spread throughout the narrow
And Dlgnt sunmervea in pup.
"Ceass us, and belt." the eanln cried.
"Yo knew I ranaot swlas."
Thea don't," the sad -eyed Stork replied.
And coldly looked at him.
(Tor. Ilk th rabbet or th erk.
Water doe net aaeey a etork
"t'nleea some measare soon w lake.
I'm lost." exclaimed the pap.
"I fear wa'r all doomed te th lak
Th tub Is nigh tilled up"
Then came the aoleaia stork's reply I
"Csss worrying, my pall
Tour fear f wet Instead of dry
Th rooster Interposed t say:
"Chautauqua ssasen ea tedey."
Th moral: which by everyone
should well be understood).
Thst many an awkward thing Is
Deelgned I end I good.
And If It aeeme to work out III,
And ra se the very dear
One finds psychology Is still
A very good esruee.
This makes ths fsbla clear; aad yet
Wet nater doea eeem doggone wet.
Sir." said th courteous office bo.
"If you'll bend your ear. I'll toll yew a
good on I'v Just heard.
I bant my ar. .
of whispering by th C. O. B.
"My on," I gald. "why yen
out to lunch with those men from th
"But It strikes m a good story SI
that" he parried.
'True, perhapa. my in." t retortad.
"but who could put It ovar enywher
outside of vudvlll or on cf our pro
gresslv popular msraslncs without
And then I hld him under th faucet
and sprinkled chloride of Urn ups
his young and untutored mind.
e e e
Milady's gown grew lees and less.
But aftsr all Is e er.
The ratio Is about the eame
e e e
ReSlrrtluaa f Heart we Klfta.
Moat snyons rsn plln bow sssr
it 1 for you to break a bad habit thst
they ain't nvr formed themealvee.
"Nature sbhor m straight lln or s
square." I heard an art lecturer say.
"and sh tends to curves and crooks. '
And X sot to thlnkln" how Matur mad
1111 must bo a plumb amorphous
pUc; I har so many peopis rnntlo
eo many thins that It Is Ilk.
If Teaojeaa Were ea Third asre-s.
Half a block. ,
Half a bloik onward.
into a maze at light
Suddea I blundered;
Arche t right f tne.
Arches t left of me.
Krlgnt liks a chrisima tree.
Mora than six hundred.
There bow it oeemed ta as
There, whll I wondered.
Crowds to the rtsht ef see.
Crowd! to the left ef me.
Crowds all In front of tne
Bellowed nd thundered;
All down the buer ay.
it wae as bright as dav.
Thst was sure some display.
And It's e wonder
That 1 stood and wondered,
e e e
13.211 B C. Jam KharVfln breaks
his father's will and Inherit tha ontlr
estate; th head of the othr lr hav
ing been th Instrument on which tb
will was broken.
110 B. C First Roman Conaul take
office and t one begins to Interpret
to th publlo what ho meant In bis
HIS A. I. Kins John, threatened
with th recall. grant Ih English
Barons a few of ths rudiments ef di
ITU A. D. BnJmln Franklin, fly
ing a kit In a thunder storm, lsys th
foundation for all our prnt woe
over telephones, telegraph and the
electrlo meter that goes round so faal.
1SI0 A. D. National rrohlblttoh
party nominates Neal Dow snd H. A.
Thompson. Thr hsvs slo nominate
a number of other prominent cltlsens
sine that year.
1SS A. D. A psychological condltloa
of depression Is mildly appsrant.
1111-11-11-14 A. D. Mx. sit. In
statu aufl. which Is great stuff for VlUs
and th revolutionists. Mediation com
mission still stalled st th fourth Ut
ter of th alphabt-
Th Investor ef Steel Ralls,
Th first modern steel rail of the
. 1. 1 w . . .1 . hlh eneed railway
operation poeslbl wr dlnd by
Pltmmon Henry lmlly. who was born
at Freedom, Ohio, vt years
i. - i i m r,A tviAtallurfflral n 1
ner. and after four year as chief en
gineer of th City Ol Aaron, vuite. -.
hi. t i n n (a railroading and
transportation problems. Dudley's Hist
invention, th synsgrapn, w.. ..- .
r..-A the track Indicator
In li0 and thr yar later designed
th first flv-lnrb stl rail "
. i - mi ha Introduce! th
first glx-lnch 100-pound rail. Another
of hi Inventions wnn-n iiiu-
...1....." a tndsv Itoeslbla w S
moua iij ci- .
th trmmatograph. an Instrument for
obtaining and regieienne, e.
rails under moving tralne.
nasbaad sad trill.
Tou rn 111 bow a man treat hi
wlf by th manner la which b ear.
"How do you IQ"
Veteea ef tb rewele.
On th other hnd. eom choagee
aren't md because th poopla, who
get mad, can't tay mad.
Oenalet tar .
If on Is young enough. It I oy ta)
find om oeeaaloo for a calibration.