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About The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current | View Entire Issue (June 28, 1914)
THE SUNDAY OREGOXIAT. POKTLAJTD. JUNE 23, 1914.
SERVES ONE YEAR
Many Faults Are Brought to
; Light but System Is Not
Held to Blame.
FIVE MAYORS AT HEAD
Apparent Lack of Co-operation and
Harmony Between Departments
,' Thought Main Rea9on for
Trouble That Has Arisen. -
' BY H. M- WHITE.
Wednesday will mark the end of the
- first year of commission form of gov
ernment In Portland. It was a year
ago July 1 that the old Councllmanic
form gave way to the present commis
sion charter, and the present adminis
tration, comprising: a Mayor and four
- Commissioners took the places of the
old Mayor, the City Council of 15 mem
bers, the Executive Board of 10 mem
bers and a number of other boards and
'commissions having the administrative
supervision of several of the principal
The question, "Has commission gov
ernment been successful In Portland?"
is a difficult one. To the person who
has followed closely the workings of
both forms, objections can De cited to
either. The best that can be said of
commission government during its first
vear in Portland is that it nas Dee
only moderately successful.
Character I Factor.
One thins has been made very clear,
and that is that the whole proposition
of successful government resolves it
self into the personal equation the
character of the men in charge. With
nroner men. either Councllmanic or
commission government would be a sue
cess in Portland. With improper men
neither would be a success. Weak
nesses which have been noted in Port
land's commission government are not
necessarily weaknesses in the system,
nr it least the most of them are not;
they are weaknesses in the methods of
the men in charge.
Obiections or weaknesses as noted
during the past year might be sum
marlzed as follows: Too wide a dis
tribution of administrative power and
authority: no distinct head of the en
tlra eovernment. or. in other words,
Ave Mayors instead of one, or virtually
Ave distinct governments within one
lack of co-operation and similarity in
methods and application or rules ana
regulations in various departments and
between departments; too mucn un
Beneats Are Mentioned.
- 'On the other side of the ledger,
standing in favor of commission gov
ernment, are the following important
points: Ability of the public to trace
responsibility; more careful supervision
nf the cts affairs by responsible
- heads: greater dispatch in the transac
tion of legislative and administrative
affairs; the concentration or power ana
Councllmanrc votes into a few hands,
thus concentrating responsibility; the
absence of ward or local representation
and its consequent over-representation
of some districts and under-representa-
tlon of others; the reduction of possl
bilities of Councllmanic cliques or ma
chines for "steam roller" purposes.
Individual members of the commis
sion and the commission as a whole
have made mistakes. This fact is not
disputed. However, this is not entirely
due to faults in the system excepting
insofar as the system concentrates the
power into a few persons who must
measure up to a very hlgH degree of
capability. With the men now in of
fice, who are given credit for being
men ot substantial caliber, mistakes
have been made which have reflected
upon commission government. With
Inferior men the entire system, ' it is
apparent, might collapse. The same can
be said to an extent of Councilmanic
government, although the wider distri
button of responsibility under that form
makes collapse less possible.
Administration Paves Way.
In considering the success of com
mission government so far there must
be taken into consideration the fact
that the present administration has had
to Dave the way. and, therefore, has
been hindered by many serious ob
stacles. It was up to Mayor Albee and
the four Commissioners Bigelow,
Brewster, Daly and Dieck to over
throw the old forms and build up new.
a KiEantic task. This was in addition
to the regular routine of business
which had to be transacted.
Unfortunately for the commission, the
umaking of the old and the building up
of the new apparently was undertaken
on too large a scale. The impression
Beemed to prevail that the function of
the new Council was to cast aside and
make over everything that existed when
the new men took office. That policy
brought about much trouble and has
been the foundation of most of the
criticism. The policy has caused fric
tion in all branches of the service and
has detracted more or less from the
efficiency of employes.
Details Too Bothersome.
Apparently too much attention has
been given to unimportant Retails. For
Instance, one Commissioner spent a
lot of time and energy in an attempt
to oust from the service an aged
Janitor because he was unable, in this
Commissioner's opinion, to give the
city a full S0 worth of work each
month. The proposition even went so
far as to be tested in the courts.
Then again the Commission met with
financial troubles. Such glowing ac
counts of the success of commission
government had been published that
many expected taxes to drop to bed
rock the first year. Unfortunately,
the Council found itself virtually with
out money at the end of the year,
principally because of the expenses
contracted before it took office. This
made it impossible to reduce the an
nual tax levy below the 7.7 mills,
which was the levy of the year before.
This caused criticism.
It has been demonstrated that It
costs about as much to operate under
commission government as under the
old form. Maintenance expenses have
run about the same and the salary
rolls have been as high in spite of the
fact that. about $30,000 was clipped off
the salaries of employes the first of
Salary Roll la Large.
The Counoilmen all receive large sal
aries, running the Council cost thou
sands of dollars higher than that of
the old Council. Heads of departments
such as the City Attorney, the City
Engineer and the City Auditor have
received salary increases, and a large
new department the purchasing bu
reau has been added. With it has
come the municipal shop, taking in a
number of new men. Men have been
added to the public works department
making maps, plats, drawings and
studies of more or less importance, but
of questionable necessity.
An important thing in favor of com
mission government as it stands at
present is the concentration of re
sponsibility. The acts of each Commis-
sioner have necessarily to show and
the limited number of men to TOte on
various questions simmers the Diame
for the action down to such a point
that indiscretion cannot be indulged
in safely. .
Partly because of this fact and the
fact that the honesty and integrity of
the .present officials can hardly be
questioned, the usual cries of graft
and fraud which are applied to mu
nicipal government of almost every
kind have been missing elements dur
ing the past year. '
Form Lacks Real Head.
The worst fault with the new" form
has been the lack of any strict head
of the government, Each department
has been a government of Its own
There have been five Mayors Instead of
one. Each Commissioner has operated
his department apparently Just as he
pleased, without regard to the wishes
of the other members of the Commls
si on. The result has been a wide vari
ance of the methods In the various de
partments. This has caused much fric
tion and trouble.
When a campaign was being made.
about 14 months ago, In behalf of
commission government, one of the
points of objection to the new form
was the unusual power supposed to be
conferred upon the Mayor. As it has
worked out, the Mayor now has far
less power than he had under the old
form. Possibly this would be true what
ever course the present Mayor should
have followed, but it has been very
clear that if the Mayor has any great
power it has not been exercised in the
past year, so far as the admlnistra
tion of the general government of the
city is concerned. He has confined his
efforts to his own- department.
Co-operation la Lacking;,
Lack of co-operation between the de
partments has caused considerable
criticism and friction and has militated
against the success of commission gov
ernment. This is traceable to the
proposition of five mayors. When the
municipal shop was established all city
repair work was to be done there. The
place thrived for a time . and then
gradually the departments quit their
co-operation and the shop became a los
ing proposition. The : possibility of
municipal shops was a strong feature
In the campaign for commission gov
ernment. The shop is virtually
An efficiency system was established
to govern all city employes. Although
the rules and regulations of the system
were all set out In black and white, the
system was followed in as many differ
ent ways as there were commissioners
to enforce it. This, too. has been a fail
ure and is about to be cast into the
One commissioner decided to revise
the entire water collection system.
process involving a big question t
policy and considerable expense. He
failed to get the consent of the rest of
the Council and later his proposition
was turned down. This was the out
come of the five mayors' policy. No
commissioner, including the - mayor,
seems to want to interfere in another
department. . . .,
Five Mayors in Power.
Each seems to want to run his de
partment to suit himself without seek
ing the advice or co-operation of the
others. Under the old forms the mayor
sat as guardian over all departments.
Now each commissioner assumes that
task, with the result that there are
variances in methods.- Herein is one of
the basic faults.
Elimination of ward representation
has been a good thing. Under the ward
system with its wide distribution of
responsibility and power, councilmanic
machines or cliques were common. -The
result was that the ward representative
not in the clique found difficulty in
getting what he wanted for his ward
while those within the clique were suc
cessful. The commissioners under the
new form are each responsible to the
entire city and for the entire city. The
difference ls""very noticeable. -
The concentration of power and re
sponsibjlity has reduced the amount of
lobbying and logrolling. The agents
of paving and other interests who were
noticeable up to a year ago are absent
fiflniD rrriflplMYn Unmerited.
the individual members of the
Commission there has been more or
less criticism from time to time. Some
of this has been merited, while at other
times it has been prompted by improper
motives. With a certain element
which had much influence up to a year
ago there, apparently, has been a con
certed effort to embarrass commission
government. ' Even now, while it Is in
its experimental stage, there is a move
ment to overthrow It. The concentra
tion of power and responsibility has
made special privileges very difficult
to grant, even if the Commissioners
had desired to grant them. Therein is
the basis of many of the unwarranted
criticisms of commission government
- Business Uulckly Handled.
Expediency of business has been anhan( fire department. . who was killed
Important feature for commission gov
ernment. The Commissioners are on
hand daily and a meeting of the Coun
cil can be called within a few minutes.
Questions of importance can be given
immediate attention. Under the old
system Council meetings were held
every two weeks and there was a great I
amount of business to transact. -All I
matters failed to get proper Investiga-
tion or consideration. Under present
conditions there have been as many as
six Council meetings in one week.
The next 12 months will be a much
more opportune time to gauge the suc
cess of commission government than
has been the past 12 months. The ma
chinery is in working condition now
and many of the big troubles have been
settled. The new machine, fully oiled
and adjusted, with each Commissioner
knowing his place and his work, is ex
pected to make a much more creditable
showing than has been made hereto
fore. It is fully believed that, at the
nd of the second year, commission
government can be given the credit of
a complete success.
EDUCATORS COME TODAY
California Delegation to St. Paul
Meeting to Stop Here for Day.
A delegation of California educators.
en route to the annual meeting of the
National Education Association at St
Paul, July 1 to 12. will arrive In Port
land at 7:20 A. M. today and remain
until 10:30 tonight. The Commercial
Club will co-operate with the School
Board In affording entertainment to the I
visitors. They will be taKen on an
auto ride around the city.
City Superintendent Alderman and
School Director Plummer will leave this
week to represent Portland at the con-I
vention. The finance committee of the school of Nurses were held Wed
Board recommended that the expenses nesday anj diplomas were presented to
of the two Portland men on the trip
be paid by the Board, but Directors
Smith and Sommer objected and the
scheuled appropriation was "nipped in
Mr. Alderman and Mr. Plummer will
make a general inspection of schools addresses were made by County Com
while on their trip, particularly at I mift,inn4,r Liirhtner. Dr. A. W. Baird and
Gary. Ind., where the continuation
school system, suggested for adoption
In Portland. Is in vogue.
Columbia Highway Viewed.
At the invitation of county com-1
missioner Holman. City Commission-1
ers - Dieck and Brewster and of- I
flclals of the City Engineering depart-
ment went by automobile over the
new wiuiuwu, ii.suTi j--'-' 1
day. Accompanying the party were I
jonn n. 1 nun, .uuiiijr iuu iwnsrer, 1
ana samuei wmcwiior, wiuniy zxiga- 1
way Engineer. The party paid espe-1
cial attention to the engineering fea-
turcs of the new highway. -, The trip 1
required the entire day.
SCENES AT MEMORIAL SERVICE
Mi ill-..:. -. -v' -.v. -.v. . . -. alw.a .-. .-.tr t ; .vj
David Campbell's Grave Cov
' ered With Flowers. :
lpirmn t-.i.t. Pin r.nrlnnHi
on Bier of Leader Who Sled In
Discharge of Duty Three Years '
Ago at Oil Plant' Blaze. .
City oficials. members of the fire
department and others Joined in sol
emn memorial Friday at Rivervlew
Cemetery over the grave of the late
David Campbell, late chief or me t-ori-
three years ago yesterday in tne-discharge
of his duty at a fire' on the
East Side. The services were similar
In nature to those held on each anni
versary of the disaster.
Assembled about the riower-coverea
grave were Mayor Albee, Fire Chief
Dowell, Assistant Chief Laudenklos, all
of the fire department battalion chiefs
officers, of the David Campbell me-
morial fund. Mrs. Campbell, widow of
the departed chief; City Commissioner
Bigelow- and a number of fire cap
tains and privates and other persons.
A larire floral piece was placed on
the grave by the officers of the David
Campbell memorial r fund, comprising
Commissioner Bigelow, John F. Car
roll, W.- T. Pangle and A. u. uong.
and roses and other flowers were
strewn over the grave by firemen.
John- F. Carroll gave a short address,
intone those who took part in the
solemn tribute, in addition to those al
ready-mentioned, were James 'Camp
bell, brother of the late chief; Miss
Helen Eilers, H. V. Boardman, Cap
tains Kerrigan, Simpson. Slaughter
back. Smith and Canuto. . of the fire
department, and a number of others.
Tha death of Chief Campbell was
caused by an explosion at a fire in the
building - of the Union Oil Company
on the East Side about- 8 o'clock, in
Memorial services win De neio. to
morrow night at centenary m. a.
Church.- The firemen's band and many
members of the department m uni
form : will attend.
NURSES GIVEN DIPLOMAS
Out Six Graduates.
Commencement exercises of the 1914
,...i nt Multnomah Train-
Misses Pearl - Gibbons, tseuiati n.
wriht. Theresa Glazik. Olive 1. Wil
cox, Helen. D. Krebs and Lura D. Cla
son. The exercises were neia in tne
Nurses' Home,. 755 Second street, and
D . w R. Cliff. The training school is
,n co.nnection " with the Multnomah
Seventy to Sing at Chautauqua.
Neariv 70 '-singers- have agreed to
, at the performance of "Holy City"
at tne Gladstone Chautauqua next
,, tn addition to this number.
laree chorus from Oregon City will be
atiaeci. Tne renearsai w :i i do nei-a
Tnurs(jay at the Siinnyside Congrega-
tnai church. East THirty-second ana
gast Taylor streets,
A B cure. Ask for Insecticide.
plummer Drug Co, 3d and Madison.
s- : ' v . . "tare.-.-
r .WWeP. ,"'fv -t.-- sj
TRIBUTE PAID CHIEF rh:7$M 1
SEE- SERVICES! ' V. tKlvft
FOR LATE FTBJ3 CHIEF CAMPBELL AT RIVEEVTEW CEMETERY
-ifi. i---; 4
1 View of Grave After the Solemn Memorial. 3 John K. Carroll Speaklng
, Words of Praise for the Brave Departed Chief. Mayor Albee, Standing
- to- Left of Mra. Campbell, Widow of Departed Chief. 3 Fire Chief
Dowell nnd Other Firemen Decora tins the Grave. Commliwloner Bige
low, Standing; on Left, and John F. Carroll, Standine on Right.
YAMHILL STREET SKES BIGGEST
TRADE SINCE MART WAS OPENED.
One Farmer Sells 2500 Pounds of Peas
Before 9 A. M., Another 460O Pounds
of Potatoes ftulckly.
Yesterday was the biggest day-yet
for the Tamhill-Street Public Market
Records for the number of producers
and consumers and the amount of stuff
sold . were broken. While no actual
count was kept it is estimated by the
market officials that upwards of 60
tons of produce was sold during the
dav. ... - -
The farmers arrived early, "as did
also the consumers. Many, farmers
who expected to spend most of the day
In the booths had sold out by 9 o'clock
and were homeward bound. Some of
them made two and -three trips during
the day. Market officials had a diffi
cult time furnishing display space for
the producers.. Some booths were
occupied by two and three producers,
and at times farmers had to wait, on
side streets until they could get space
in booths. - ' -, -
There is not a' fruit, vegetable or
meat that is in season now that was
not for sale oil the market. Every sort
of produce was on hand in abundance
and sold at ' reasonable prices. : In
cluded in the offerings were supplies
from the gardens-of school children,
the market board having granted
children farmers the right at all times
to display and sell the stuff grown by
them. -r ---.-!-.-
Interesting . experiences - were re
ported by some of the farmers who
came in with salables. John Zurbachen,
of Tualatin, brought in 55 sacks, or
about 2500. pounds, of. green peas, in
tending to spend the day at the- mar
ket He was sold out at 9 o'clock and
went home for another load. He dis
posed of this before 4 o'clock. :
W. U Aula. 01 AXioau, urousni m
about 250 dressed chickens. He and
his wife could not wait on their trade
fast enough. Another producer sold
4600 pounds of potatoes within a short
time. W. H. Head, of Orenco, brought
in double the quantity of produce- he
had a week ago, and sold it quickly.
His supply consisted of meat chickens,
eggs and fruits of various kinds. He
started out when the market was first
established to visit it twice a week.
Commencing tomorrow he will he In
A feature of the trade at the market
yesterday was the buying by autolsts.
Between A. M. and 11 A. M. it is esti
mated -200 automobllists stopped In the
market place yesterday to make pur
REGIMENT PLAN IS LIKED
Formation of Cavalry Squadrons In
dorsed by Brigadier-General.
Formation of a cavalry regiment by
Police Sergeant Lyons, a veteran of the
Spanish war, was indorsed by C R.
Edwards, Brigadier-General in charge
of the Division of the Pacific, U. S. A,
in a . letter received by Lyons' secre
Lyons,- - who has a Congressional
medal for distinguished service, as well
as other medals gained In the Philip
pine campaign, gathered together a
number of his old comrades of Young's
Scouts and started the formation of a
cavalry company for use in case of
war with. Mexico. The apparent sub
siding of the war signs did not stop
his work, because, he said, another reg
iment of the National Guard could
easily be formed of the Portland and
other Oregon veterans.
Brigadier-General EdwardB Informed
Lyons that he had recommended the
scheme in a letter to Governor West
Gardner Funeral Is Tomorrow.
The funeral services of the-late Wil
liam T. Gardner, superintendent of the
Boys' and Girls'. Aid Society, will be
held at the Finley Undertaking Parlors
tomorrow afternoon at 2 o'clock. ,
GASH FARES CAUSE
O.-W. R. & N. Trainmen, Some
Old in Service, Dropped as
Result of Inquiry.
FEDERAL LAW IS VIOLATED
Passenger Equally Guilty In Some
Instances Indictments Thrr-at.
ened, but None Returned.
More to Lose Jobs.
A reorganization of the staff of pas
senger conductors and brakemen on the
O.-W. R. N. lines la In progress as
the result. It Is said, of the discovery
of numerous Irregularities In collecting
cash fares from travelers, yearly
dozen passenser conductors some of
them old In the service have been
dropped within the last few weeks, and
the positions of other men are
Jeopardy. Within the next few months.
It Is predicted, a score or more of oth
ers will be dismissed.
The practices that the company com
plains of are In violation of the Inter
state commerce law. and recently the
United States District Attorney start
ed an investigation. Indictments were
threatened, but none have been re
Brotherhoods Denounce Practices,
So glaring have been the offenses
among certain conductors ana onm
men that officials of the Order of Kali.
way Conductors, and of the Brother
hood of Railroad Trainmen have Usued
circulars denouncing the men guilty of
Irregular practices and appealing to
all members of those organizations to
be "straight" and honest, lest the ex
istence of the brotherhoods be threat
Revelation of tha practices among the
O.-W. R. A N. trainmen was brought
about through one of the regular In
spections to which all railroads peri
odically resort. Detectives were sent
out on the line In an effort to "pot"
the men. While a great majority of
the conductors and brakemen were
found to be honest, it Is reported that
evidence was obtained against 88 con
Probably the most common practice
was that of collecting cash fares from
passengers and retaining the proceeds
In this particular offense the passenger
who participates Is equally guilty with
the trainman. It Is said certain trav
elers were In the habit of paying their
fares to favorite conductors on a half
The familiar practice of freight con
ductors of collecting petty fees from
'box car passengers also has been In
vestigated, both by the railroad and
officials of the brotherhood, with the
result that efforts are being made to
put an end to It.
Freight Men To Be Promote.
Officials of the O.-W. RAN. Com
pany declared yesterday that they pro
posed to weed out all dishonest pasnen.
ger conductors and replace them with
experienced freight conductors or with
passenger conductors recruiter rrom
Officials of the brotherhoods sre
making an endeavor to save the posi
tions of some of the men, but admit
that there Is no hope for them, even
by appealing through the grievance
committees of their respective unions,
if the company chooses to dismiss
Following Is an extract from a cir
cular recently Issued Jointly by the
Order of Railway Conductors and the
Brotherhood of Rsllway Trainmen
touching on the subject:
'Some time ago the company ssw ill
to check up their employes (conduc
tors and brakemen), and as a natural
consequence adopted a system that
was almost perfect In Its results. Op
eratives were sent out both In pairs
and as Individuals: neither operative
being aware that there were other op
eratives in the business on these par
ticular trains. Reports were compared
thus giving the managing officers of
the company an exact Klea as to wno
the employes were that were using dis
honest methods In. handling the rev
enues of the company.
Irregularities Are Recorded.
"Out of the conductors In service on
the system that were checked In this
manner, 38 have numerous checks
registered against them. Freight con
ductors were checked up; also brake-
men who collected from boxcar passen
gers something that no railroad in me
country can compete with. Others were
holding out tickets and selllnr them;
others were pocketing the full fare.
These and many other Irregularities
were recorded against the men, Includ.
Ing drinking both on and off duty. In
terminals and at other places while on
"It Is safe to ssy that If the company
takes action In all cases where the
rules were violated and men removed
from the service where sufficient cause
Is proved, the service on this road
would be demoralized.
When these facts were made known
to the sub-committee, Messrs. Gregg,
Mclntyre, Hanley and Rhodes, It Is
needless to say we were dumfounded,
and means of saving these men who
had virtually thrown away their post
tions were discussed with the man
agement, with the hope that In ssvtng
at least a portion of them we would
at the same time be able to put a stop
to the practice that is sapping tha life
of our organizations, and Is a corres
ponding detriment to the railroad.
through the necessity of having con
tinually to place new men on the
trains of this railroad, and In many
cases the same operation oeing noces
aarllv reDeated from time to time.
"In connection witn tnis matter, it
Is well known that there Is at the
Dresent time a Federal grand Jury sit
Ing in the city of Portland, ami It Is
possible that some of our men will have
Indictments returned against mem lor
violating the Federal laws.
Men l'rn-ed to Forget Past.
This should be well known to each
nd every trainmen, as we are fully of
the opinion that every man knows full
well that he Is subject to fine and Im
prisonment for carrying a passenger
for less than the legal rate; and It Is,
or should be, equally well understood
that It Is a violation of ths Federal
laws to carry a railroad man without
the proper transportation.
We realize the great nandlcap some
of these men would be placed under,
especially those who are alleged to
have been splitting fares with pas
sengers, and we have asked the man
agement to . give each and every man
fair chance a chance without a
trlng to It and with that end In view
we ask that each of you make no ef
fort to offer an apology to any person
you may have been doing business
with and to pay no attention . to
threats; to look up, not down, and go
ahead and do business In a business
like manner and forget the past."
Butterriy Collection Unique.
The technical room of the Central
Library has on file some of he month
ly magaxlne of various Industrial ,
firms, such as the Brill M1ne.
Crane-lug. the Bulletin of the rr'fio
Power Light Company, the r-lf-Telephone
Company, the Viilve W erld
and others. The rare collection of hat
torf lies, loaned lo the Llbrry by Wre.
W. M. Lnd.1. Is now on hlhi!n In the
lower lobby, end Is attracting much
Founder of Dufur Pastes
After Active Career.
Andrew J. Iafnr. Jr- Arrived la Ore
sen In IMS via Panama and One
farmed Moa Aerea la M aaea
LITR. Or.. June !T. The drain of
Andrew J. Dufur. Jr., marks taa
passing of snothar of the pioneers ef
Oregon, for many yeara one of the
best known and most auri-ereful ranin
ere and stot-kratsers of Vaaro County,
klr. l'ufur died June 1 In the oily
which he founded and whli-n sear his
Andrew J. Pufur. Jr., n oni In
Wllllamatown. Vt . Ausuel It. lit:, the
second of a family uf four ihililran.
With his parents he moved to Vt lacon-
Andrew J. Dalir, Jr.. Kaaade
f Tewa V kirk Hears Santa
Kane. Wn Illrd Reeently.
In In the early 'to. In 1M0. with
his mother, he crossed the Isthmus uf
Panama and arrived In Portland In
April of that year, his father having
come to Oregon the prevloua year via
the overland route.
His edui-atlon was ohtalnei In the
district schools and In I'srlflc Univer
sity at l-'oreat drove.
The family settleil on a large ram n.
12 miles fruin Portland, on Columbia
BIoukIi. This farm was owned jointly
by Mr. Dufur. his fattier and two
brothers. Th.y llvad there until 1171,
when they sold their ranch end moved
to Wasco County, settling on Klfteen
Mile Creek at the lower end of what
Is now known as the lufur Valley.
One settler only hod preceded them
In this section where Mr. L'ufur and
his brother, K. B.. purchaaed about too
acres. They Increased tneir noidings
from time to time until at one time.
Andrew J. Dufur. Jr., owned about Sioo
seres, having purchased his brothers
In the year 181 Mr. Dufur and his
brotAer platted the original townalte
At Portland, Mr. Pufur was mar
ried May 2. 1S. to Mary XI. Etans-
bery, formerly of Indiana, who survives
him, together with two daughters, Mra.
C. P. Hatch and Mra. H. A. Mar. both
of Dufur. Two brothers and one sta
ter also survive, K. B. Dufur and W. II.
II. Dufur. of Portland, and Mrs. Ars-
belle Btsats. of Maupln.
WOMEN'S WAGES TO GO UP
About SO Per Cent of Laundry
Workers to Be Advanced.
OLTMPIA. WashTjune 27. (r'perlal.)
Statistical data gathered by the In
dustrial Welfare Commlaalon on the
wages of 2304 Isundry employes In the
state. Indicate that the ware of ap
proximately (0 per rent will be In-
creaaed by adoption of the pew It mini
mum wage rate, which will Become ef.
fectlve Aiiguet 24.
Of tha 234 employe Hated. 1411. or
41.6 per cent, are receiving le than
$9. However, since the average launrtrr
girl Is employed three or four hour lea
han a full 4S-hour week, tha actual
earnings per week will be nearer It
than If. and will benefit approximately
ba.t of the present employes.
Rev. W. n. Illnenn Going fcnntli.
Rev. W. B. Hlnson. of the White Tem
ple, will leave tomorrow for l-ta
Angele. where n will 1ilres the
convention of the Baptlat Young Peo
ple's Union. Kev. F. O. Pavle. ef
Kpokane, will preach during Her. Uln
OouT.t Toltla rerv -! 11e
great wrl-irt l'lrrv m rrKr,l toxt ,
ulnfl in 62 mntuae-. mwi - io.
a many hook In fengllah as In nuaaiaa
341r acnlnvt HM'.,
(Trovda Mark sVeartataead '
is not always the sriaefct econ
omy. But SAVING FROM USE of
what we buy is the height of
You cannot afford to have
anything less than the bot in
glasses good eyesight is too
If you will come to us, we
will tell you what you should
have to cet the results you want.
But if your judgment tells
you you must have something
cheaper in a frame or mounting
than we recommend, then it will
be supplied cheerfully, and yon
mnv depend on getting the ssrae
SERVICE thnuch you had
paid the higher price.
209-10-11 Corbett Building. 6th