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About The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current | View Entire Issue (June 21, 1914)
THE SUNDAY OREGOXIAX, PORTLAND, JUNE 2U 1914.
FEDERAL ROAD BILL
THIS SESSION SEEN
George C. Diehl Says Congress
Likely Will Pass Practical
BASIC FEATURES CITED
legislation Must Provide for Aid to
So Smaller Unit Than State and
Must Make Self-Hehp Neces
sary, Is Statement
NEW YORK, June 20. (Special.)
"That Congress at this session will
pass a good roads bill framed along
nnntlfiiV Imua sanmct tl0hlv nmhlbta
Congress is overwhelmingly in favor' Philadelphia, Pa.
in the fuel line of the average car,
very little trouble is experienced as a
result of water in the gasoline. Prao
tically the only exception to the rule
arises from neglect to drain the set
tling chamber of the separator at reg
ular Intervals. After the chamber be
comes filled with water It is certain to
overflow and cause trouble by choking
the' carbureter et.
Many methods of keeping tire tubes
soft have been tried, but the simplest
appears to be that of placing them In
hot water about once every month. Mo
torists who,, have tried this plan are
greatly in favor of it and they claim
that it keeps the rubber in excellent
condition. The tubes should be left In
the water only about 10 minutes. An
other way to prevent the deterioration
of the rubber Is to use a solution of
turpentine and alcohol. The turpentine
should be poured into the spirit, and
when the mixture is applied to the tube
the alcohol will evaporate. '
For shop use where- a blowpipe out
fit is not available, but where more
heat than ordinary illuminating gas
will yield is required. It is sometimes
possible to make use of acetylene gas
in connection with an ordinary Bunson
burner. The acetylene Is used in ex
actly the same way as ordinary gas,
and may be supplied either by a large
sised generator or a storage tank.
Suffragists Tour Awheeks
Among the many motorcyclists who
will this Summer tour Europe awheel
are Mrs. Rachel Foster Avery and her
daughter, well-known sunragisis 01
JAPAN TAKES TO AUTO
ANTIPATHY TO CAR HAS SOW EN
Price of Gasoline, Wb.etb.er From
Trust or Independents, Is Fixed
at 33 Cents Per Gallon.
Japan, at first slow to adopt the mo
torcar, is now taking very kindly to
the automobile, and In fact during the
past two years the Industry has made
very rapid progress In all the coun
tries of the Far East. '
Reports of this advance are made by
Henry W. Andrews. Yokohama agent
for the Cadillac, who is visiting In
"Two years ago." declares Mr. An
drews, "there were not 100 motorcars
in Japan. This year more than 1600
"The aversion to the motorcar,
which was so apparent a short time
ago. is rapidly disappearing. Nat many
years ago the sight of a motorcar on
the streets of any but the large cities
brought forth storms of protest, usu
ally accompanied by stones hurled at
the driver and occupants of the of
fending car. Happily this baa entire
"The- Nippon Auto Club, the pioneer
automobile club of Japan, Is doing
good work In road mapping and post-
SPLENDID FLOAT OP LOCAL TIRE COMPANY MAKES BIG SHOWING IN PARADE.
THE UNITED STATES TIRE FLOAT ARRANGED BY C H. MAYER.
of good roads legislation. This Is
election year, and the members of
Congress from rural districts fully
realize that no single measure would
endear them to their constituents to
quite the same extent as an appropria
tion from the Federal Treasury to help
in the building of good roaas.
This Is the comment of George C.
Diehl. chairman of the National good
roads board of the American Automo
bile Association, which is an active
factor throughout the country In high-;
ways progress. Continuing, Mr. Diehl j
"Out of the wilderness of good roads
bills, the confusing array of statistics.
h torrent of irood roads oratory in
tended primarily for home consump
tion, certain basic features have been
evolved which undoubtedly will be In
corporated in the legislation to be
"First Feature Aid to State."
"The first essential feature is that
the Federal Government shall deal
with no political unit smaller than
the state. There are nearly 3000 coun
ties and 30.000 townships In the United
States, thus making 33,000 units
which the Federal Government must
deal with If it undertakes to give
Federal aid on a local basis. This,
from an Administration standpoint,
would be almost impossible, and cer
tainly enormously expensive. From a
political standpoint, the pressure which
would be exerted upon the Individual
Representative by the counties and
townships in his district, each trying
to get a hand into the Federal Treas
ury, would be so persistent and so
relentless that self-respecting men
would throw up tse job, leaving the
field open to the political wire-pullers.
The realization of these fatal defects
In any plan of extreme localization
renders absolutely certain the adoption
of the state as the smallest unit.
"It may be accepted as equally cer
tain that no Federal aid plan will re
ceive "the stamp of Congressional ap
proval unless it provides some meas
ure of self-help on the part ef the
state. There are more than 2,250,000
miles of public road in the United
States, and less than 10 per cent of
this mileage can be dignified with the
title 'improved roads.
Paylns Entire Cost Impossible.
"If the Federal Government should
attempt to pay the entire cost ot such
construction or maintenance as it
might undertake, it would be con
fronted with the problem of selecting
from 2,000,000 miles of unimproved
roads such small percentage as could
be constrncted or maintained without
bankrupting the Federal Treasury, or
It would have to make its contribu
tion for each mile of road so small
as to accomplish no tangible results,
and leave the roads at the end of a
term of years no bptter than they
were at-tha beginning of Federal aid.
"The present sentiment in Congres
sional circles is for an automatic
check upon Federal aid in the form
of a state, contribution, and this fea
ture will undoubtedly be incorporated
in legislation to be adopted. Gradually
the dangers of political abuse under
the 'road rental" plan, to say nothing
of its weakness as a means of bringing
about tangible road improvements,
have so Impressed our legislators as
to incline many former rental adher
ents to the -co-operative pun.
HINTS TO ACfOISTS
While the ordinary amateur will be
well advised to send his car to the
finishers to have any deep scratches
treated, still if one feels that he is a
superfine workman the best method of
curing a "gouge is to run Deeswa
and rosin, melted together in equal
parts, into the abrasion. When the fill
ing has set. smooth off with fine sand
paper and repaint.
A sudden failure of the pressure on
cars having pressure feed to the carbu
reter raised by the exhaust may be
due to clogging up of the pipe to the
tank with soot. In ease the pressure
drops and cannot - be satisfactorily
raised by the expedient of covering the
end of the exhaust pipe with the foot
while the motor la running, the pipe is
likely clogged, and should be taken
down for a cleaning. Usually a wire
can be run through it to loosen the
carbon, and It can then be washed out
with a little gasoline.
with the average separator and
strainer combined, such as is installed
the College of Agriculture, Pennsylva
nia. . As soon as the Spring term of
school closes they will hie themselves
across the ocean and spend the Summer
murium uio uuviiiciib "- -
with sidecar attachment In the Fall
they expeet to return io Amentu uu
resume their agricultural studies.
II-.. T . -G. Xlf a 1 r nt Tlrlll tCfnOVt.
, Y tX I H . I J.-. ' ... ...... , J - '
Conn., is making a motorcycle business
tour which will cover 32 states. He is
. ! r - m ntn.nvnl. AirMsatlrV
rt!tl " ...u.w.vjw.w r
concern, and by riding the two-wheeler
himself, he Is aDie io easily uemunsirmo
. kl. r.nm-nmfia thA JVS.111A Of the aDDli-
ances. Walker has a sidecar attach
ment to his motorcycle in wumu no
ST. ioCTS LAUDS CYCMSTS
Convention Runs lYom All Parts of
Country Are Being Planned.
St. Louis, Mo., has landed the 1914
National convention of the Federation
of American Motorcyclists, which Is to
be held July IS. 16, 17 and 18. Commit
tees on touring, finance and entertain
ment have been appointed and arrange
ments for the big meet will be pushed
One of the leading tours which will
be made this year ta the convention
city will be an endurance run of old
time riders from Chicago. This tour
will be made up of men who took an
active part In the runs in the early days
of the organisation, and may of whom
are now heads of motorcycle concerns.
No one who has ridden in convention
tour since 1910 will be permitted to
take part in this veterans' run.
A number of other tours will also
be organized, starting from different
parts of the country and centerlngin
St. Louis. One of the longest of these
Is the run being planned by the San
Francisco Motorcycle Club to attend
the National assembly.
Definite plans for the entertainment
of the delegates to the meet have not
yet been completed, but St. Louis has
one of the most active motorcycle clubs
In the country and all ri-ders who gather
there for the 1914 meet are assured a
rousing good time. A number of F.
A. M. motorcycle championships will
be run on the excellent dirt track at
the Missouri capital. -
NEW KJCOX OFFICERS'' CHOSEN
Combination of Sales and Advertis
ing Departments Planned.
Coincident with the formation of
the new Knox Motors Company, of
Springfield, to take over and extend
the business of the Knox Autonjobile
Company, of Springfield. Mass., an
nouncement has been made of the ap
pointment of George M. Davis as as
sistant sales manager of the new com
pany. Mr. Davis was with the Pierce-Ar-row
Motorcar Company, of Buffalo, for
four years and recently has been iden
tified with Packard Interests at Al
bany. Charles F. Barrett has been ad
vanced to the position of advertising
manager of the new Knox company,
the plans for the organization of which
contemplate the practical combination
of the sales and advertising depart
ments. Bad Road Near Plnvlus to Be Fixed.
CENTRALJA, Wash., June 20. Spe
cial.) If plans now under way do not
miscarry, the road connecting Lewis
and Pacific Counties will be put In
shape so that autos can go through
without difficulty. The only really Im
passable stretch of road la for about
600 yards near Pluvlus, just across the
Pacific County line. According to pres
ent plans, Centralia and Chebalis busi
ness men will furnish the gravel and
the Willapa Harbor people the labor
to spread it, providing that the State
Highway Commission will sanction such
Auto Pulls Road Drag.
T. Thompson tried out a new road
drag Thursday which ha has invented
and applied for a patent. He pulled tt
over rough roads with his Studebaker
car and it left a smooth track behind
it. It is certainly a great imniove
ment over the old kind of drag. Wash
In. Mans of the roads suitable fjr
automobile traffic have been made and J
guide posts are rapiaiy ueiu eicmcu
throughout the Islands.
"This club enrolls in its membership
many government officials.
"The. good roads movement is gain
ing great headway. Most improve
ments are being made with macadam.
One stretch of macadamized raad 167
miles long has been laid from Yoko
hama to Nikko.
"Asphalt has been used experiment
ally in Tokio, but has failed so far be
cause of the many earthquakes.
"The greatest drawback for the
American motorist in Japan would be
the price of gasoline. It is easy to
obtain, but trust or no trust, the price
Is 32 cents a gallon."
AUTO TO CHEAPEN FOOD
BRITISH TRADE EXPERT SAYS
TRUCKS MAY BRING RELIEF.
Increasing Cost of Hauling- Products
by RaU and Redaction 'by Motor
ear Indicates Possible Saving.
Because high food prices are mainly
responsible for labor agitation, the
problem of Increasing homo supplies
of food will engage the attention of
the British government, said the presi
dent of the National Chamber of Trade
in England in his address at its 16th
annual conference in Blackpool re
cently. He referred to the growth of motor
traction as promising cheaper food.
Much more use might be made of mo
tor vehicles for hauling by. road, he
said, and the state should take up at
once the matter of providing and main
taining suitable roads for this traffic
While the cost of. haulage by road
has been reduced from one-third to
one-half by the development of the mo
tor vehicle, as shown by the American
National Automobile Chamber of Com
merce, and can be reduced further by
the building of good, durable roads,
the cost .of transportati3n by rail has
nearly doubled in the.last IB years. An
Investigation by the Lehigh Valley
Railroad shows that freight cars and
locomotives cost more than twice as
much now as in 1890, and that the cost
of hauling freight was 46-100hs of a
The Strict Maintenance of this Price
is Your Guarantee of Security
THIS list price is established
and maintained all over the
country. It makes no dif
ference whether you purchase
your Overland in New York or
New Mexico (his price Htver
Recently, ten friencls decid
ed to each get an Overland.
They went to an Overland dealer
in a body said they would take
ten cars on the spot if he would
give them 5 off. He refused.
They argued that his neighbor
ing competitor had already offer
ed them 10 off on the-car he
represented. The Overland
dealer then replied that if they
would wait a few days longer the
man next door would probably
give them 20 off! They did
wait a few days then bought ten
Overlands at the full list price.
Now these men bought the
Overlands, not because they knew
so much more about the car, but
because they had complete con
fidence in tho Overland dealer
who had the one fixed price and
absolutely no confidence in the
competing dealer who had a
variety of prices.
It does not take any great
amount of intelligence to see
through the weaknesses, draw
backs and insecurity ot a cut
price car proposition. Eitherthe
car, or the factory behind it, or
the dealer, or all three cannot be
Remember that in purchas
ing an Overland you get a great
. deal more than just the best car
forthe least money; you get service
that is dependable, permanent
That the public has firm faith
in the Overland is amply evi
denced by the following record
Up to date we have deliv
ered over $42,000,000.00 worth
of nineteen fourteen Overlands.
Right now the public is invest
ing over $250,000.00 a day in
If we did not out-class (both
in car value and service) those
who are continually cutting their
price how could we continue to
get the greatest volume of busi
The Overland is a larger car
a more powerful car; a more com- 4
fortable car; a more complete car
and a more thoroughly made car
than any other for the price.
And it costs you 30 less
than any other similar car.
Why don't you have aa
Overland demonstration P
J. W- Leavitt & Co., Distributors
529 Washington St., Portland, Oregon.
Phones Marshall 3535, A 2444
The Willys-Overland Company, Toledo, Ohio
II $950 cz:Z2
fHmt. . . rwu
JTWtm M mlJt. J WwmW M.kmtr r. mrlttml Clr rUI, ratm.
mIKP SPECIFICATIONS I Uil dink Utiu Sim 4 0. D. um ?,"' ""
t ' '
js is '
cent per car-mile 15 years ago, as cam
pared with 88-100ths at the present
The average movement of a loaded
freight car is only 25 miles a day. as
shown by a report of tha American
Railway Association, owing to the time
lost at terminals in" switching, trans
ferring, etc It sometimes takes five
or six days to transfer n. loaded car
half a dozen miles in ChicagD or any
other big city.
Motor trucks can deliver directly
from farm to hotel, restaurant, or re
tailer the same day or the morning
after farm produce is gathered with-
Urban and interurban men find
the Ford a faithful friend. For
the quick trip into town for
the leisurely ride through country-side
for business for
pleasure anywhere every
where! the Ford serves best.
And it's light, right, dependable
and economical besides the
Ford service always y
$-300 for the runabout, $550 for the touring
car and $750 for the town car f. o. b. De
troit, complete with equipment. Get cata
log and particulars from Ford Motor Com
pany, Eleventh and Division- streets, Port
land. Phones: SeUwood 2323, A 2341.
out any rehandling or delay, and there
fore in better condition than under
present systems, and can save to the
consumer a large part at the commis
sion men's charges and cartage costs,
which often add 100 per cent to the
Brakes Are Important Factor.
From a standpoint of safety, probably
the first consideration should be the
design, character and slse of brakes.
The braking system is one of tha fea
tures frequently overlooked by pros
pective purchasers. The chsssls snd the
general appearance of the car are all
carefully looked into, but the brakes.
In many respects the most Important
feature of a car, are not examined.
rolicc Slop Aulos on Streets.
The police department of rittsburg.
Ta., has convinced Publlo Ssfely l
rertor Charles H. Hubbard that he
parking of motorcars In downtown
thoroughfares Is a public nillsanee snd
a menace to property In e of fire.
An ordinance Is being prepared by the
city law department to prohibit the
standing of motorcars In the .treetn.
The thoraiislifsre. In I'Ht.buis.
dally In th downtown riini.. are
narrow. Hundreds of i !
their attires In the mernlt end sllsw
their car. to etatid In the trel "ntll
Lie In the afternoon In d-twtio
I'ltteburg there are several latse pe
tracts of land, and the Cun tl U
peeled 10 enaet a messure thel will
Insure the use of this fer sarkirc fvir
po.es. "Is your car a eir.irterr "Yes
"Tli.a mroe oer and crank mine, win
youT You're freth and eirons. m4 I "
slaved ant lews' f wt.k- It S""
It Has Proven More Miles to
the Gallon in Every Test
If They Do Not Have It
Phone, Main 2055, A 2055
Associated Oil Company
A. D. PARKER